91st PA: Michael J Burgin [or Bergin]

Michael J Bergin [or Burgin]

Before the war

He was born in 1842/43, in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, perhaps to William Bergin and Ann [unknown family name]. [sources: date: 3 (18 in 1861), 7, 9 (50 in 1892), 14 (67 in 1910), 15 (50 in 1892), 16 (50 in 1892), 17 (50 in 1892), 18 (50 in 1892), 20 (7 in 1850), 21 (16 in 1860), 22 (24 in 1870). place: 3, 7, 9, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 20, 21, 22] parents: 20, 21, 22; see also 19 (brother John W)]

In 1850, he was living in South Mulberry Ward, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. He was living with his (presumed) parents, William and Ann, and with (presumed) siblings Catharine, William, and Mary Frances, along with two others. He had attended school within the year. [source: 20]

In 1860, he was living in ward 1, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. He was living with his (presumed) parents William and Ann, and (presumed) siblings Catharine, William, Mary F, Ann, John, and Elizabeth. He was a baker [?]. [source: 21]

When he enlisted, he was a baker, and was living in Philadelphia. [sources: 3, 7]

Description

When he enlisted, he was 5 feet 6-1/2 inches tall, had a light complexion, brown eyes, and red hair. [sources: 3, 7]

In 1892, he was 5 feet 9-1/2 inches (or 5 feet 9 inches) tall, and had a light complexion, blue eyes, and grey hair. [sources: 17, 18]

During the war

He enlisted and was mustered into service on 20 August 1861, at Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. He was enlisted by Captain Lentz, for three years. He was mustered into service by Colonel Reiff. He was a private in company E. [sources: 1, 3, 7, 15, 16, 17, 18, 23, 24]

He deserted in May 1863, after the Battle of Chancellorsville, and joined the Invalid Corps. He apparently served in company D of the 14th Veterans' Reserve Corps. He was returned to the regiment in September 1864. The War Department ordered him returned and tried for desertion. He was charged with desertion, and tried before a general court martial on 17 September 1864, at the 2nd Brigade 1st Division 5th Corps (Col A L Pearson, 155th PA, President). He was found not guilty of desertion but guilty of absence without leave, and sentenced:

to forfeit all pay and allowances due him to 21 September 1864

to serve three months after the expiration of his original term

However, this was not to affect his bounty. [sources: 3, 4, 6, 9, 11, 23]

He mustered out on 25 November 1864, at Pegrem House, Virginia, when his term expired. He had served for thirty-nine months. He had chronic articular rheumatism, chronic bronchitis, and hemorrhoids. He was a private, in company E. [sources: 1, 3, 4, 5, 7, 8, 9, 15, 16, 17, 18, 23, 24]

After the war

In 1870, he was living in ward 5, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. He was living with his (presumed) parents William and Ann, his (presumed) siblings Kate, Mary, Annie, John, and Elizabeth, in a household apparently headed by James Deyer [?]. He was a laborer. [source: 22]

On 6 October 1892, he applied succesfully from Illinois for a pension, under the Act of 27 June 1890. [sources: 10, 11, 19]

On 26 December 1892, he was admitted to Northwest Branch of the National Home for Disabled Volunteer Soldiers, in Milwaukee, Wisconsin. He was admitted from Wisconsin; he had lived in Big Bend, Waukesha County, Wisconsin. He had rheumatism, as well as bronchitis, disease of eyes, and an injury [?] to the left knee. He was not receiving a pension. He was widowed. He was a protestant, and was a painter. His nearest relative was his brother John W Bergen, who lived at 815 Chestnut Street, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. [sources: 9, 15, 16, 17, 18]

On 17 June 1893, he was dishonorably discharged from the Northwest Branch of the National Home for Disabled Volunteer Soldiers. [sources: 9, 17, 18]

He again applied for a pension on 15 February 1907, under the Act of 6 February 1907. He received $12 per month, effective 15 February 1907. The certificate was dated 9 April 1907. [sources: 11, 19]

On 6 July 1908, a duplicate pension certificate was issued to him, still for $12 per month, effective 15 February 1907. [source: 19]

On 2 September 1908, he was readmitted to the National Home for Disabled Volunteer Soldiers, Mountain Branch (in Tennessee). [sources: 18, 19]

In 1909, he was present in the Mountain Branch of the National Home for Disabled Volunteer Soldiers. He was receiving a pension of $12 per month. [source: 15]

In 1910, he was living in the National Home for Disabled Volunteer Soldiers, Mountain Branch, Washington County, Tennessee. He was widowed. He was a cook, in the mess hall. He had not been out of work in the previous year. [source: 14]

He successfully applied for an increase in pension under the Act of 11 May 1912. He received $19 per month, retroactive to 17 May 1912; the certificate was dated 30 July 1912. [source: 19]

On 1 October 1912, he was discharged, from the Mountain Branch, of the National Home for Disabled Volunteer Soldiers, at his own request. He was receiving a pension of $19 per month. [sources: 16, 18, 19]

He died on 16 November 1912, at 6.55 PM, at the National Home for Disabled Volunteer Soldiers, in Tennessee. (The register says he died after having been admitted in 'T.A.P.' in the morning, perhaps 'T.A.P.' stands for something like 'temporarily admitted for processing'.) He had $4.45 in cash, and personal goods valued at $1.94 (and sold for $1.00). He was buried in the Mountain Home National Cemetery, Johnson City, Washington County, Tennessee. [sources: 11, 13, 18, 19]

Sources

1 Bates, Samuel Penniman. History of Pennsylvania volunteers, 1861-5. Harrisburg: B. Singerly, state printer, 1869-71. 5 volumes. 'Ninety-first regiment', volume 3, pages 186-233. (Michael Burgin) (In the roster)

2 General Order no 56, Head Quarters, 1st Division 5th Corps, 18 October 1864 (Michael Bergin)

3 descriptive roll, company E, entry 17 (Micheal [sic] J Bergin)

4 register of deserters, company E, entry 14 (Michael J Burgen)

5 company E, register of men discharged, number 31 (Micheal [sic] J Bergin)

6 general order 56, headquarters, 1st division, 5th corps, 18 October 1864 (Michael Bergin)

7 Civil War Veterans' Card File, available at the Pennsylvania State Archives, searched 17 May 2004 (Michael J Burgin; rolls have 'Burgen')

8 consolidated morning report, 91st Pennsylvania, 26 November 1864 (Privt Bergin [?])

9 Report of the Board of Managers of the National Home for Disabled Volunteer Soldiers for the fiscal year ended June 30, 1893. Serial Set volume 3151, session volume 1, 53rd Congress, 1st Session. House Miscellaneous Document 35. Page 717. (Mich'l Bergen)

10 pension index, by name (Michael J [?] Bergen)

11 pension index, by regiment, 91st PA Infantry, company E (Michael J Bergen)

12 National Archives Archival Research Catalog (accessed 24 July 2010) (Michael Bergin)

13 Find a grave, memorial 358804, imported from US Veteran's Affairs, 25 February 2000, accessed 15 December 2011 (Michael J Bergen)

14 1910 US census, Tennessee, Washington County, National Soldiers Home Mountain Branch, supervisor's district 1, enumeration district 198, microfilm series T624, film 1524, page 104 = 6 B handwritten (Michael J Bergen)

15 Report of the Board of Managers of the National Home for Disabled Volunteer Soldiers for the fiscal year ended June 30, 1909. Letter from the President of the Board of Managers of the National Home for Disabled Volunteer Soldiers, transmitting the report of the Board for the fiscal year ended June 30, 1909. Serial Set volume 5817, Session volume 114, 61st Congress, 2nd Session, House Document 262. Page 305. (M J Bergen)

16 Report of the Board of Managers of the National Home for Disabled Volunteer Soldiers for the fiscal year ended June 30, 1913. Serial Set volume 6737, Session volume 140, 63rd Congress, 2nd Session, House Document 459. Page 270 (Michael J Bergen)

17 Historical registers of National homes for disabled volunteer soldiers, 1866-1938, National Archives and Records Administration, microfilm series M1749, film 164, Northwestern Branch, page 342, number 1034 (FamilySearch) (Michael J Bergen)

18 Historical registers of National homes for disabled volunteer soldiers, 1866-1938, National Archives and Records Administration, microfilm series M1749, film 164, Northwestern Branch, page 342, number 1034 (FamilySearch) (Michael J Bergen)

19 Veterans administration pension payment cards, 1907-1933, National Archives and Records Administration, microfilm series M850, film 159 (Michael J Bergen)

20 1850 US census, Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, South Mulberry Ward, microfilm series M432, film 815, page 246 verso = 492 handwritten (FamilySearch) (Michael Bergin [?])

21 1860 US census, Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, ward 1, precinct 5, microfilm series M653, film 1151, page 307 = 209 handwritten (FamilySearch) (Michael Burgin)

22 1870 US census, Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, ward 5, district 15, microfilm series M593, film 1391, page 11 recto = 21 handwritten FamilySearch) (Michael Burgan)

23 index to compiled service records of volunteer Union soldiers who served in organizations from the state of Pennsylvania (Michael J Bergin)

24 index to compiled service records of volunteer Union soldiers who served in organizations from the state of Pennsylvania (Michael Berger)

Sources checked unsuccessfully

1880 US census
a Michael Burgin, 35, shoemaker, born in Ireland, was living in New York City, with his spouse Ann (33, b. Ireland), but also with children Mary A (13, b. Scotland), Ellen (3, b. NY), and Michael (1, b.NY); note that his birthplace does not match regimental records, and that his daughter Mary A means he would not match the Michael in the 1850 to 1870 census entries transcribed below (New York, New York, New York City, microfilm series T9, film 890, page 281 = 6 B handwritten)
a W M Burgin, 45, glass manufacturer, was living in Philadelphia, with his wife Emily (40), and children Samuel (13), Alice (8), and William (6) (all born PA), and two servants; but not only is his occupation hard to square with the Michael who lived in the US, and his initials inconsistent with the regimental records 'Michael J', but also he would be different from the Michael in the 1850 to 1870 census entries transcribed below (Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, enumeration district 183, microfilm series TG9, film 1172, page 356 = 15 C handwritten)
also, this W M Burgin is presumably the William M Burgin (64, born PA, manufacturer) living in Philadelphia in 1900 with his children Alice (27), William M (25), and two servants (Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, ward 10, enumeration district 188, microfilm series T623, film 1456, page 127 = 9 B handwritten)
1890 US census, veterans schedules
Ancestry index (accessed April 2007 and again 16 November 2013)
1900 US census
Michael J Burgen (57, born May 1843, single, b. PA, father born Ireland, mother born NJ), was living in the House of Corrections, ward 41, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania (microfilm series T623, film 1481, enumeration district 1037, page 262 = 7 A handwritten, FamilySearch)
I suspect this is not the Michael Bergin who served in the 91st, since the National Home registers suggest he was living in Wisconsin by then (see sources 17 and 18)
1920 US census
Ancestry index (accessed 17 November 2013)
1930 US census
Ancestry index (accessed 17 November 2013)
1940 US census
Ancestry index (accessed 17 November 2013)
RootsWeb WorldConnect
accessed 16 November 2013
headstone applications for US military veterans, 1925-1949
FamilySearch index (accessed 17 November 2013)

Display


Michael J Bergin in the 91st PA gedcom on RootsWeb WorldConnect

Michael J Bergin in the 91st PA database

1850 census

[1850 US census, Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, South Mulberry Ward, microfilm series M432, film 815, page 246 verso = 492 handwritten (FamilySearch)]
[identification is uncertain, but note that the National Home registers (sources 17 and 18) mention a brother John]
line1213141516171819
Dwellings visited406        
Families visited468        
NameWilliam Bergin [?]Ann BerginCatharine [?] BerginMichael BerginWilliam BerginMary Frances BerginMichael DooleyCatharine Dooley
[the family name is very hard to read (as are many of the personal names); the FamilySearch index has 'Bergin', but the Ancestry index has 'Borgen'; I'm confident some of the surnames have a dot above an 'i', but the first vowel is less clear]
Age40349738/122024
SexMFFMMFMF
Color         
Occupation of males over 15 yearsLaborer     Blacksmith 
Real estate owned         
BirthplaceIreland"Pennsylvania"""Ireland"
Married within year         
Attended school within year  11    
Over 20 & can't read/write        
Deaf, dumb, blind, etc.        

1860 census

[1860 US census, Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, ward 1, precinct 5, microfilm series M653, film 1151, page 307 = 209 handwritten (FamilySearch)]
[identification is uncertain; see the note on the 1850 census entry transcribed above; note that if his occupation here is 'baker', that matches his occupation when he enlisted according to source 3 above]
[the Ancestry index has the family name as 'Bengin' (accessed 17 November 2013)]
line303132333435363738
Dwelling number1487        
Family number1695        
NameWilliam BurginAnnCatharine "Michael "William "Mary F "Ann "John "Elizabeth "
Age444218161310851
Sexmffmmffmf
Color         
OccupationSugar refiner [?] Parasol makerBaker     
['Baker' looks like 'Barker'; I initially read it as 'Barber', but the next-to-last consonant is definitely not closed at the bottom, and looks like the 'k' in 'Parasol maker']
Value of real estate owned         
Value of personal estate200        
Place of birthIreland"Penn""""""
Married within year         
Attended school within year    1111 
Cannot read & write         
Deaf, dumb, blind, etc.         

1870 census

[1870 US census, Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, ward 5, district 15, microfilm series M593, film 1391, page 11 recto = 21 handwritten FamilySearch)]
[identification is uncertain; see the note on the 1850 census entry transcribed above]
line141516171819202122
Dwelling-house number125        
Family number163        
NameDeyer [?] JamesBurgan WilliamAnnKateMichaelMaryAnnieJohnElizabeth
Age30585327 [?]2419171511
SexMMFFMFFMF
ColorWWWWWWWWW
OccupationLaborerWool PackerKeeping houseWorks in storeLaborerWorks in storeAt homeBookbinder 
Real estate value         
Personal estate value 500       
BirthplaceIrelandIrelandIrelandPennaPennaPennaPennaPennaPenna
Father foreign born111111111
Mother foreign born111111111
Birth month if born within year         
Marriage month if married within year         
['May' is written in Elizabeth's column, as well as the first entry of the next household, but the next line has nothing in this column, and I'm pretty confident it's simply one line too high]
Attended school past year      111
Can't read         
Can't write         
Deaf, dumb, blind, etc.         
Male US citizen at least 21 years old    1    
Male US citizen at least 21 years old who can't vote ...         

1910 census

[1910 US census, Tennessee, Washington County, National Soldiers Home Mountain Branch, supervisor's district 1, enumeration district 198, microfilm series T624, film 1524, page 104 = 6 B handwritten]
[identification is confirmed by the Mountain Branch register]
line64
street 
house nr 
dwelling nr 
family nr 
nameBergen Michael J
relationshipMember
sexM
colorW
age67
marital statusWd
#years present marriage 
mother of # children 
mother of # living children 
birthplacePennsylvania
father's birthplacePennsylvania
mother's birthplacePennsylvania
immigrated 
naturalized/alien 
speaks EnglishEnglish
occupationCook
nature of industry etc.Mess Hall
employer etc.W
out of work 15 Apr 1910?No
# weeks out of work 19090
can readyes
can writeyes
school since 1 Sep 09 
owned/rented 
owned free or mortagaged 
farm/house 
nr on farm schedule 
civil war vetUA [?]
blind 
deaf & dumb 

index to compiled service records

[index to compiled service records of volunteer Union soldiers who served in organizations from the state of Pennsylvania]
[transcribed 15 Mar 2014, from Fold3]


Bergin Michael J
     Michael
Co. E, 91 Pennsylvania Inf.
Pvt | Pvt
See also V.R.C

GENERAL INDEX CARD.


[card 2, transcribed 16 March 2014]

Berger Michael
Co. E, 91 Pennsylvania Inf.
Pvt | Pvt
REFERENCE CARD.
Original filed under
Bergin Michael J.
     Michael

GENERAL INDEX CARD.

National home register (Milwaukee)

[Historical registers of National homes for disabled volunteer soldiers, 1866-1938, National Archives and Records Administration, microfilm series M1749, film 164, Northwestern Branch, page 342, number 1034 (FamilySearch), Michael J Bergen]
[transcribed 16 November 2013]

342
1034
Michael J. Bergen.

MILITARY HISTORY.
Time and Place of Each Enlistment. Augst 20 /61 Philadelphia Pa.
Rank. Pvt
Company and Regiment 91" Pa. Inf
Pension. [blank]
Time and Place of Discharge. Nov. 25, 1864 Petersburg, Va
Cause of Discharge. Exp Term of Service
Kind and Degree of Disability. Bronchitis[,] Rheumatism[,] Dis of Eyes[,] Inj [?] Left Knee
[seems to be 'Inf Left Knee']
When and Where Contracted. [blank]

DOMESTIC HISTORY.
Where Born. Philadelphia Pa
Age. 50
Height. 5-9 1/2
Complexion. light
Color of Eyes. [blank]
Color of Hair. [blank]
Read and Write. yes
Religion. Prot
Occupation. Painter
Residence Subsequent to Discharge. Big Bend Waukesha Co. Wis.
Widower
Name and Address of Nearest Relative John. W. Bergen (Bro [,] 815 Chestnut St[,] Phila. Pa.

HOME HISTORY.
Rate of Pension. None
Date of Admission and Readmission. Adm N. W. B. Dec 26" /92
Conditions of Readmission. [blank]
Date of Discharge. June 17 -93
Cause of Discharge. Dishonorably
Date of Death. [blank]
Cause of Death. [blank]

GENERAL REMARKS.
PAPERS.
Admission Paper. John L. Mitchell.
Army Discharge. None.
Certificate of Service. None.
Pension Certificate. None.
EFFECTS.
Labor, Money, $[blank]
Pension, Money, $[blank]
Personal, Appraised at [blank] sold $[blank]
Total, $[blank]
How disposed of, [blank]

National Home register, Mountain Branch

[Historical registers of National homes for disabled volunteer soldiers, 1866-1938, National Archives and Records Administration, microfilm series M1749, film 139, Mountain Branch, 4228 (FamilySearch), Michael J Bergen]
[transcribed from FamilySearch, 16 November 2013]

4228
Michael J Bergen

MILITARY HISTORY.
Time and Place of Each Enlistment. Aug 20 1861 Phila Pa
Rank. P
Company and Regiment E 91 Pa Inf ['39' is written above the regiment]
Time and Place of Discharge. Nov 25 1864 Petersburg Va
Cause of Discharge. Disability ch. articular rheumatism[,] chronic bronchitis[,] hemorrhoids
Disabilities when admitted to the Home. [apparently blank, thought the disabilities are written across the previous column and this]

DOMESTIC HISTORY.
Where Born. Penn
Age. 50
Height. 5'-9"
Complexion. light
Color of Eyes. blue
Color of Hair. grey
Read and Write. yes
Religion Prot
Occupation. Painter
Residence Subsequent to Discharge. Wis
widower
Name and Address of Nearest Relative. Bro John W Bergen[,] 815 Chestnut St[,] Philada Pa

HOME HISTORY.
Rate of Pension.Date of Admission, Re-Admission and Transfer.Conditions of Re-Admission.Date of Discharge and Transfer.Cause of Discharge.Date of Death.Cause of Death.
[crossed out:] $12Ad NW Br 26.12 92 D 17. 3 [sic] 93Dis Dis Unknown
 Disd " " " 17 6. [sic] 93 Dis Mt Br 1-10-12O.R.  
19 00Read Mt Br 2 9 08 DDied Mt. Br while T.A.P. [?] at 6 55 P.M. in Co.E.Nov. 16, 1912. 

GENERAL REMARKS.
PAPERS.
Admission Paper 1
Army Discharge [blank]
Certificate of Service [blank]
Pension Certificate 945756

EFFECTS.
Cash, $4.45
Pension Money [check mark] $[blank]
Personal, Appraised at 1.94 sold $1.00 July 23, 1913
Total $[blank]
How Disposed of [blank]

Location of Grave and Remarks.
Section E. Row 7 Grave No 7

This man taken in T.A.P. forenoon of Nov. 16 1912, and died same day 6 55 P.M.

Veterans administration pension payment card

[Veterans administration pension payment cards, 1907-1933, National Archives and Records Administration, microfilm series M850, film 159, Michael J Bergen]
[transcribed from FamilySearch, 16 November 2013]


NAME: Bergen, Michael J.
Certificate No. 945.756
ARMY INVALID
Law: ACT MAY 11, 1912
Act of February 6, 1907.
Service: Pvt Co E 91 Pa
DEAD
Disability: [blank]
ISSUE
CLASS.RATE.DATE OF COMMENCEMENT.DATE OF CERTIFICATE.
 628 May 189529 Oct 1897
Dup "17 June 1898
Reis1215 Feby 19079 Apr 1907
Dup1215 Feby 19076 July 1908
Reis19Act of May 11, 1912
17 May 1912
30 July 1912

FEES: [blank]
Transferred from KNOXVILLE, TENN.
Phila. 9/10/00
Transferred to: [blank]
Died: 16 Nov 1912
Bureau notified: 3-1081-per ctf + Gov Rept - 11/20/12
Remarks: cum 11/4/12
Former Roll No. [blank]
Home: ADMITTED MNTH. BR. N.H.D.V.S. 9/2/08
DISCHARGED 10-1-12

[second card]
NAME: Bergen, Michael J.
43.
Certificate No. 945.756
ARMY INVALID.
Law: ACT OF FEB. 6, 1907
Service: Pt E 91" Pa.
Disability: [blank]
ISSUES.
CLASS.RATE.DATE OF COMMENCEMENT.DATE OF CERTIFICATE.
REISSUE12Feb. 15/07Apr. 9/07
Dupl.12" "July 6/08

Fees: [blank]
Tranferred from: [blank]
Transferred to: Knoxville SEP 10 1908
Died: [blank]
Bureau notified [blank]
Remarks: From ACT OF JUNE 27, 1890.
Former Roll No. [blank]
Home: [blank]

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revised 16 Mar 14
contact Harry Ide at hide1@unl.edu with comments or questions