91st PA: John N Hawkes alias James Clark

John N Hawkes alias James Clark

Name

He enlisted in the 91st under the alias James Clark. [source: 7]

Before the war

He was born in 1833/34, in Ireland (or Pennsylvania), apparently to Robert Hawks and Mary [unknown family name]. [sources: date: 4 (27 in 1861), 5 (54 in 1892?), 6 (54 in 1892?), 9 (27 in 1861), 10 (15 in 1850), 12 (42 in 1880), 23 (54 in 1893), 27 (22 in 1860). place: 5 (Pennsylvania), 6 (Pennsylvania), 10 (Ireland), 12 (Ireland), 23 (Pennsylvania), 27 (Ireland). parents: 10]

In 1850, he was living in ward 6, Spring Garden, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. He was living with Robert and Mary Hawks (presumably his parents), and with James and Samuel Hawks (presumably his brothers). He was a machinist. [source: 10]

In 1860, he was (apparently) living in West Fallowfield, Chester County, Pennsylvania. He was a farm laborer, living with Newton Phillips and others. [source: 28]

When he enlisted, he was a carpenter. His brother Samuel Hawks also served in company D of the 91st Pennsylvania. (Charles Beaver later admitted that he 'often wondered how one was named Clark and the other Hawks', and said that 'some one said that they were step brothers'.) [source: 9]

Description

When he enlisted in the 91st, he was 5 feet 7-1/2 inches tall, and had a dark complexion, hazel eyes, and dark hair. [source: 9]

In 1863, when he enlisted in the navy, he was 5 feet 6-3/4 inches tall, and had a fair complexion, hazel eyes, and black hair. [source: 22]

In 1891, he was 5 feet 8 inches tall, weighed 130 pounds, and was in poor health. [source: 9]

In 1892, he was 5 feet 6 inches tall, and had a dark complexion, dark eyes, and dark hair. [source: 23]

During the war

He enlisted and was mustered into service on 24 December 1861. He enlisted at Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. Captain Sinex enlisted him. He was mustered in at Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. He was a corporal, in company D. [sources: 1, 2, 4, 7, 9, 13, 23 (10 Oct 61), 25, 26]

On 8 May 1862, he was treated for gonorrhoea. [source: 9]

He was treated for rheumatism, from some time through 30 October 1862. [source: 9]

On 30 October 1862, he was admitted to the Brigade Hospital. [source: 9]

From 4 November 1862 through 17 November 1862, he was treated for rheumatism. [source: 9]

He was discharged on 8 January 1863, at Frederick, Maryland, on surgeon's certificate of disability. He had been unfit for duty sixty days in the past two months. He had an inguinal hernia, which he had developed while in the discharge of his duty. He had served for thirteen months. He was a corporal in company D. [sources: 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7 (17 Nov 62), 9 (17 Nov 62), 13 (24 Aug 1864--perhaps from the Arizona?), 23 (20 Nov 62), 25, 26]

He also served in the US Navy for nine months. He enlisted on 4 February 1863. He was a carpenter. He was a second class fireman. From 4 February 1863 through 11 March 1863, he served on the Princeton. (He was discharged to duty from treatment for diarrhea, on 17 February 1863.) He then served on the Arizona, through 20 June 1863. Finally, he served on the Ohio. On 27 July 1863, he was admitted to Chelsea Hospital, with phthisis pulmonalis; he was discharged to duty on 14 September 1863. On the Ohio, he was treated for phthisis from 19 September 1863 through 5 October 1863. [sources: 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 13, 22, 23]

He was admitted to Chelsea Hospital on 5 October 1863 with phthisis. On 13 November 1863, he was discharged from the Navy, at the Charleston Navy Yard, in Massachusetts. He was discharged (apparently at his own request) for phthisis, which did not originate in the line of duty. [sources: 9, 23]

After the war

He married Mary Patterson. She was born in 1847/48, in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. They apparently had at least three children:

[sources: 9, 12, 21]

Perhaps he is the John Hawk, machinist, living at 1213 Jefferson Street, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, probably in fall 1864, 1867, 1868. [source: 11]

He is probably the John Hawkes, patternmaker, living at 668 Lawrence Street, Philadelphia Pennsylvania, probably from fall 1870 to fall 1874. [source: 11]

In about 1873, he started experiencing neuropathy. His walk was so affected that people thought he was intoxicated, and he could hardly hold a cup of tea without spilling it. [source: 9]

On 3 June 1878, Patrick Currie, the first husband of Hawks' later wife Susan, died, at the New Railway Works, Alston Street, Glasgow; he died of injuries caused by being struck on the head by a large wooden beam. He had married Susan Moore; he was the child of Michael Currie and Bridget Conway (later Bridget Oates). [source: 9]

At least from about 1879, Hawks was a pattern maker. [source: 9]

In 1880, he was living at rear [?] 180 Eastern Avenue, ward 1, Cincinnati, Hamilton County, Ohio. He was living with his wife Mary, and children Robert, John, and William. He was a patternmaker. [source: 12]

On 12 February 1881, Hawks' wife, Mary Hawks, died, at 35 Kemper Lane, 2nd ward, Cincinnati, Ohio. She (and presumably they) had lived in Cincinnati for thirteen years. She died of phthisis pulmonalis. On 15 February 1881, she was buried, in 'St Joseph's New' Cemetery. [source: 9]

On 29 December 1881, Hawks married Susan Currie, at Cincinnati, Ohio. She was born in June 1852, in Ireland. She immigrated in 1881. They were married by C. Driscol; the marriage was recorded in the records of St Xavier's Church. They had three known children:

Annie had Pott's disease of the 5th and 6th dorsal vertebrae, and was disabled for life. (According to some lay testimony, her disability was caused by an accident; according to her mother, it was caused 'by reason of an accident or injury inflicted by her father John N Hawks when she was an infant'.) [sources: 9, 14 (6 children, 5 living, one of whom is apparently Robert Wilson--which leaves two living children not accounted for), 15 (9 children, 7 living), 17]

On 15 March 1890, John and Susan Hawks were divorced, at Ottawa, LaSalle County, Illinois. Susan Hawks was the plaintiff; John Hawks did not respond to her suit. The Court took his lack of response as an admission, and therefore found him guilty 'of extreme and repeated acts of cruelty' toward Susan. They granted her custody of Annie; I do not know why they did not mention Mary. [source: 9]

In 1890, he was living at 25 Kemper Lane, ward 26, Cincinnati, Hamilton County, Ohio. [source: 13]

On 2 August 1890, Albert Fiedler, husband of Hawks' third wife Fanny, died, of accidental drowning in the Ohio River. He was 25 years old, and was the son of Edw. and Angeline Fiedler. On 4 August 1890, he was buried in the Spring Grove Cemetery, Cincinnati, Hamilton County, Ohio. [sources: 9, 18, 19]

On 29 September 1890, he successfully applied for a pension, under the Act of 27 June 1890. His address was 25 Kempter Lane, Walnut Hill, Cincinnati, Ohio. His application was approved almost immediately, and the certificate was issued on 16 October 1890. He received $12 per month, retroactive to 29 September 1890. He had 'disease of nervous system and rheumatism'. [sources: 8, 9]

On 30 April 1891, he was examined by a Board, in Cincinnati, Hamilton County, Ohio. They found he had locomotor ataxia, partial paralysis, and rheumatism. They judged him 17/18ths disabled because of the ataxia, and 6/18ths because of the rheumatism. [source: 9]

On 28 August 1891, he married Fannie Fiedler, in Hamilton County, Ohio. She was born in 1854/55. [sources: 9, 20]

On 8 December 1891, his ex-wife Susan Hawks married James A Wilson. [source: 9]

On 8 September 1892 he was admitted from Ohio to the National Soldiers' Home. He was receiving a pension of $12 per month. He was a patternmaker, a Catholic, and lived in Cincinnati, Ohio. His closest relative was his wife Fanny, at 508 E Front Street, Cincinnati, Ohio. He had absent patellar reflexes, irregular pupils that did not react promptly to light, he was unable to stand or walk with his eyes closed, he had lightning pains in his legs and arms, locomotor ataxia, and claimed chronic rheumatism. He was admitted to hospital on 4 August 1892, with a 'marked case of Tabes Dorsalis'. [sources: 5, 6, 9 (4 Aug 92), 23 (9 May 92)]

In 1893, he was present at the Central Branch of the National Soldiers' Home, in Dayton, Ohio. [source: 5]

On 8 March 1894, he died in the Central Branch of the National Soldiers' Home. He died of locomotor ataxia. On 9 March 1894, he was buried, in the Dayton National Cemetery, Dayton, Montgomery County, Ohio. [sources: 6, 9, 23, 24]

On 14 March 1894, his widow, Fanny Hawks, unsuccessfully applied from Ohio for a pension. She claimed he died of break bone fever, or malarial fever, which he contracted in the line of duty in the US Navy. Her application was rejected on 22 September 1898. First, she was not eligible under the Act of 27 June 1890, since they were not married when it passed. Second, she was not eligible under the Act of 14 July 1862, since she could not prove that his death was caused by his service. [sources: 8, 9]

On 22 March 1894, Susan Wilson was appointed guardian of Mary and Annie Hawks. [source: 9]

On 28 March 1894, Susan Wilson, guardian of his minor children Mary and Annie, unsuccessfully applied from Illinois for a pension, under the Act of 27 June 1890. She was living at 230 Superior Street, Ottawa, LaSalle County, Illinois. Her application was rejected on 10 September 1898. First, while the children were eligible for a supplemental pension under the Act of 27 June 1890, no widow's pension existed to which the supplemental pension could be attached. Second, the children were not eliigible under the Act of 14 July 1862, since she could not prove that his death was caused by his service. (The examiner, A S Gilbert, tried submitting their application for approval, but the re-reviewer rejected it, and the Chairman of the Board of Review apparently approved the rejection.) [sources: 8, 9]

On 31 March 1894, the National Home paid the value of his effects, presumably to his widow Fanny. His personal possessions had been appraised as worth $3.80. [source: 23]

On 23 April 1894, Hawks' widow, Fanny Hawks, was paid his accrued pension. Her address was 512 East Front Street, Cincinnati, Ohio. [source: 9]

In April 1897, the Pension Office sent Susan Wilson the name of four men who served with Hawks in company D of the 91st Pennsylvania: William H Chandler, William W Widdifield, Samuel Wilson, and Charles Beaver. [source: 9]

On 24 March 1898, Susan Wilson admitted that she could not prove that his death was caused by his service, and therefore dropped her claim under the Act of 14 July 1862, and claimed a pension for his children instead under the Act of 27 June 1890. [source: 9]

On 28 August 1898, Susan Wilson wrote her attorney, asking whether contacting her congressman would be useful. The pension certificate file does not contain her attorney's response. [source: 9]

In 1900, his divorced wife Susan was living at 310 West Washington Street, ward 3, Ottawa City, La Salle County, Illinois. She was living with her husband James A Wilson, his three children by his first marriage (?), Robert Wilson (apparently their child), and her two children by John Hawks (Mary and Annie). James Wilson was a plasterer. Mary Hawks was a saleswoman, and Annie was at school. [source: 14]

On 8 July 1905, the Pension Office informed Fanny Hawks that her claim had been rejected, and that they adhered to the rejection. The sent the letter to her care of Mr J F Kinney, 110 Lincoln Inn Court, Cincinnati, Ohio. [source: 9]

In 1910, his divorced wife Susan was living in Homer, Benton County, Iowa. She was living with her second husband, James Wilson, and with his children James and Robert. (At least Robert is presumably also her child.) James was a farmer. [source: 15]

In 1920, his divorced wife Susan was living in Homer Township, Benton County, Iowa. She was living with her second husband, James A Wilson, and with his chidlren Burton J (presumably the James in the 1910 census) and Robert. James was a farmer, and Burton and Robert were helping him. [source: 16]

In 1922, James Wilson, second husband of Hawks' divorced wife Susan wilson, died. He was buried in the Evergreen Cemetery, Vinton, Benton County, Iowa. [source: 17]

In 1928, his divorced wife, Susan Wilson, died. She was buried in the Evergreen Cemetery, Vinton, Benton County, Iowa. [source: 17]

Sources

1 Bates, Samuel Penniman. History of Pennsylvania volunteers, 1861-5. Harrisburg: B. Singerly, state printer, 1869-71. 5 volumes. 'Ninety-first regiment', volume 3, pages 186-233. (In the roster) (James Clark)

2 company D, list of non-commissioned officers (James Clarke)

3 company D, register of men discharged (James Clarke)

4 Civil War Veterans' Card File, available at the Pennsylvania State Archives, searched 7 August 2004 (James Clark)

5 Report of the Board of Managers of the National Home for Disabled Volunteer Soldiers for the fiscal year ended June 30, 1893. Serial Set volume 3151, session volume 1, 53rd Congress, 1st Session (House Miscellaneous Document 35), pages 717 and 762

6 Report of the Board of Managers of the National Home for Disabled Volunteer Soldiers for the fiscal year ended June 30, 1894. Serial Set volume 3329, session volume 3, 53rd Congress, 3rd Session. House Miscellaneous Document 27 (in 2 parts). Page 747.

7 pension index, by regiment, 91st PA Infantry, company D (and second card) (John N Hawkes alias James Clark)

8 pension index, by name (John N Hawks [sic])

9 Navy pension certificate file, National Archives and Records Administration, record group 15, microfilm series M1469, certificate 13952 (John N Hawks)

10 1850 US census, Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, Spring Garden, ward 6, microfilm series M432, film 819, page 319 verso = [638] handwritten (John Hawks)

11 selected city directories [in Samuel Hawks' file]

12 1880 US census, Ohio, Hamilton County, Cincinnati, ward 1, enumeration district 110, microfilm series T9, film 1023, page 45 = 37 A handwritten (FamilySearch) (John Hawks)

13 1890 US census, veterans' schedule, Ohio, Hamilton County, Cincinnati, ward 26, microfilm series M123, film 66, enumeration district 147, page 3 (FamilySearch) (John Hawks)

14 1900 US census, Illinois, La Salle County, Ottawa city, ward 3, microfilm series T623, film 317, page 43 = 2 A handwritten (FamilySearch) (Susan Wilson)

15 1910 US census, Iowa, Benton County, Homer, enumeration district 12, microfilm series T624, film 391, page 151 = 7 A handwritten (FamilySearch) (Susan Wilson)

16 1920 US census, Iowa, Benton County, Homer Township, enumeration district 13, microfilm series T625, film 477, page 290 = 5 A handwritten (FamilySearch) (Susan Wilson)

17 Find a grave, memorial 44339465, Susan Wilson, created by colette harrison, added 15 November 2009, accessed 18 August 2013 (Susan Wilson [and links to James A Wilson and Mary Louise Hawks Karr])

18 Find a grave, memorial 78928966, created by Auto Graver, 21 Oct 2011, mainted by Paticia (Patti) Joy Ber... (accessed 18 August 2013) (Albert Fiedler)

19 Spring Grove cemetery website [links to a card with more information about him] (accessed 18 August 2013) (Albert Fiedler)

20 [not transcribed] abstract of marriage record (to Fannie Fedler) (FamilySearch)

21 [not transcribed] birth record, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, 10 December 1867, John Hawks (John and Mary Hawks)

22 Weekly return of enlistments at Naval Rendezvous, 6 January 1855 to 8 August 1891, National Archives and Records Administration microfilm series M1953, film 20 FamilySearch (accessed 18 August 2013) (John N Hawks)

23 Register of National homes for disabled volunteer soldiers, 1866-1938, National Archives and Records Administration microfilm series M1749, film 41, Dayton Ohio, 1892, page 19299 (FamilySearch) (John N Hawks)

24 Find a grave, memorial 768195, imported from US Veteran's Affairs, 25 Feb 2000 (accessed 18 August 2013) (John N Hawks)

25 index to compiled service records of volunteer Union soldiers who served in organizations from the state of Pennsylvania (James Clarke)

26 index to compiled service records of volunteer Union soldiers who served in organizations from the state of Pennsylvania (James Clark)

27 1860 US census, Pennsylvania, Chester County, West Fallowfield, page 760 = 50 handwritten, line 35 (John Hawks)

Sources checked unsuccessfully

1870 US census
searched Ancestry index for John Hakws, living in Philadelphia County, Pennsylvania OR born 1835 +/- 5; also searched for Robert Hawk born PA 1864 +/- 2, and for John Hawk born PA 1866 +/-2 (accessed 18 August 2013)
(A) John Hawk, farmer, 34, born Penna, with Mary 32 born PA, Sarah 9 b. PA, William 7 b. PA, Henry 6 b. PA, John 3 b. PA et al., in West Nantmeal, Chester County, Pennsylvania [see entry (C) under '1860 census' above] (microfilm series M593, film 1325, page 248 recto = 18 handwritten)
1900 US census
searched Ancestry and FamilySearch indices for Fanny Hawks (accessed 18 August 2013)
1910 US census
John Karr (30, correspondent, tailoring house), Mayme [?] Karr (29), Raymond Karr (5), Melvin Karr (2), Anna Wilson (21, addresser [??], supply driver [?]), and Maud Wilson (23, saleslady, department store) were living in ward 13, Chicago, Cook County, Illinois (enumeration district 656, microfilm series T624, film 255, page = 11 A handwritten
searched Ancestry and FamilySearch indices for Fanny Hawks (accessed 18 August 2013)
1920 US census
John S F Karr (42, b. IL, traveling salesman in men's clothing), Mary L Karr (37, b. OH), Raymond G Karr (15, b. IL), and J Melvin Karr (11, b.IL) are living in ward 35, Chicago, Cook County, Illinois (enumeration district 2241, microfilm series T625, film 356, page 212 = 2 A)]
searched Ancestry and FamilySearch indices for Fanny Hawks (accessed 18 August 2013)
1930 US census
Ancestry and FamilySearch indices (accessed 11 August 2013)
John S F Karr (51, b. IL, insurance broker), Mary Lou Karr, and J Melvin Karr (22, b. IL), are living in Oak Park, Cook County, Illinois (enumeration district 2247, microfilm series T626, film 504, page 40 = 18 B handwritten)]
searched Ancestry and FamilySearch indices for Fanny Hawks (accessed 18 August 2013)
1940 US census
Ancestry and FamilySearch indices (accessed 11 August 2013)
searched Ancestry and FamilySearch indices for Fanny Hawks (accessed 18 August 2013)

Display


John N Hawks in the 91st PA gedcom on RootsWeb WorldConnect

John N Hawks alias James Clark in the 91st PA database

1850 census

[1850 US census, Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, Spring Garden, ward 6, microfilm series M432, film 819, page 319 verso = [638] handwritten]
[the FamilySearch 1850 census apparently does not include ward 6 of Spring Garden (checked 10 August 2013)]
[identification is uncertain]
line1112131415
Dwellings visited780    
Families visited988    
NameRobert HawksMary "John "James "Samuel "
Age303015106
SexMFMMM
Color     
Occupation of males over 15 yearsMachinist Machinist  
Real estate owned     
BirthplaceIrelanddittodittoPennsylvaniaditto
Married within year     
Attended school within year   (1)(1)
Over 20 & can't read/write     
Deaf, dumb, blind, etc.     

1860 census

[1860 US census, Pennsylvania, Chester County, West Fallowfield, page 760 = 50 handwritten, line 35]
[thanks to Clare Midgley for giving me this reference!]
[identification is uncertain]
[this image was very light and hard to read]
[I did not transcribe the other people living in this household, headed by Newton Phillips]
[he is not living with his (apparent) parents and brother Samuel; see 1860 US census, Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, ward 14, microfilm series M653, film 1164, page 491 = 115 handwritten (FamilySearch)
[note also John Hawk, 23, born PA, farm labor, is living with Mary Hawk, 22, born PA, in West Nantmeal, Chester County, Pennsylvania (microfilm series M653, film 1091, page 432 = 39 handwritten (FamilySearch); he is unlikely to be my John Hawks since his occupation does not match the occupation at enlistment (carpenter)]
line35
Dwelling number[371] [???]
Family number[380]
NameJno Hawks
Age22
SexM
Color 
OccupationFarmer's laborer [??]
Value of real estate owned 
Value of personal estate 
Place of birthIreland
Married within year 
Attended school within year 
Cannot read & write 
Deaf, dumb, blind, etc. 

1880 census

[1880 US census, Ohio, Hamilton County, Cincinnati, ward 1, enumeration district 110, microfilm series T9, film 1023, page 45 = 37 A handwritten (FamilySearch)]
[identification is probable, since the Navy pension certificate (1) gives his first wife's name as 'Mary Patterson', who died in Cincinnati, and (2) lists his occupation as patternmaker.]
line2021222324
street nameEastern Avenue
house numberRear [??] of 180    
dwelling visit #279    
family visit #387    
nameHawks John- Mary- Robt John- William
colorWWWWW
sexMFMMM
age423716148
month born if born in year     
relationship WifeSonSonSon
single  111
married11   
widowed/divorced     
married during year     
occupationPattern makerKeeping houseLaborerAt SchoolAt School
months unemployed     
currently ill?     
blind     
deaf/dumb     
idiotic     
insane     
disabled     
school this year   11
can't read     
can't write     
birthplaceIrelandPennPennPennOhio
father's birthplaceIrelandIrelandIrelandIrelandIreland
mother's birthplaceIrelandIrelandPennPennPenn

1890 census, veterans schedule

[1890 US census, veterans' schedule, Ohio, Hamilton County, Cincinnati, ward 26, microfilm series M123, film 66, enumeration district 147, page 3 (FamilySearch)]
[identification is confirmed by reference to his service in the 91st]

[line] 35
[house] 179
[family] 258
[name] Hawks, John
[rank] Private
[company] D
[unit] 91 Pa Infty
[enlistment date] 24 Dec 1861
[discharge date] 24 Aug 1864
[length of service] 2 years 8 months - days
[post office address] 25 Kemper Lane Cincinnati Ohio
[disability incurred] [blank]
[remarks] Also served 1 yr as fireman US Steamer Arizona

1900 census

[1900 US census, Illinois, La Salle County, Ottawa city, ward 3, microfilm series T623, film 317, page 43 = 2 A handwritten (FamilySearch)]
[identification is confirmed, by the references in the Navy Pension certificate file (entry 9 above) to (1) the children, (2) and his ex-wife Susan Wilson, and (3) her second husband James Wilson]
line345678910
streetWest Washington St
house number310       
dwelling number21       
family number25       
nameWilson James A- Susan- Arthur- Maud_ Burton- RobertHawks Mary- Annie
relationshipHeadWifeSonDaughterSonSonStep DaughterStep Daughter
colorWWWWWWWW
sexMFMFMMFF
birth dateSept 1849June 1852Nov 1884July 1886Aug 1890Apr 1899Nov 1882Sept 1886
age50471513911713
married?MMSSSSSS
# years married1111      
mother of how many children? 6      
# of children living 5      
birthplaceOhioIrelandIllinoisIllinoisIllinoisIllinoisOhioOhio
father's birthplaceOhioIrelandOhioOhioOhioOhioIrelandIreland
mother's birthplaceIrelandIrelandIrelandIrelandIrelandIrelandIrelandIreland
immigration year 1881      
# years in USA 19      
naturalized citizen?        
occupationPlasterer At schoolAt schoolAt school Saleswoman Confectionary [?]At school
# months not employed1     2 
# months in school  101010  10
['at school' and '10' may be erased on Arthur's and Maud's lines]
can readYesYesYesYes  YesYes
can writeYesYesYesYes  YesYes
speaks EnglishYesYesYesYes  YesYes
owned/rentedR       
free or mortgaged        
farm/houseH       
# of farm schedule        

1910 census

[1910 US census, Iowa, Benton County, Homer, enumeration district 12, microfilm series T624, film 391, page 151 = 7 A handwritten (FamilySearch)]
[identification is confirmed; see the note on the 1900 census entry transcribed above]
[I found HeritageQuest's digitization of this census easier to read than Ancestry's]
line1234
street    
house nr    
dwelling nr    
family nr114   
nameWilson James A- Susan- James B- Robert
relationshipHeadWifeSonSon
sexMFMM
colorWWWW
age54561814
[Susan's age could be 50--but the second digit does not look like the '0' in the ages on e.g. lines 12 and 21]
marital statusM2M2SS
#years present marriage2222  
mother of # children 9  
mother of # living children 7  
birthplaceOhioIrelandIllinoisIllinois
father's birthplaceNorth Carolina [sic]IrelandOhioOhio
mother's birthplaceIrelandIrelandIrelandIreland
immigrated    
naturalized/alien    
speaks EnglishEnglishEnglishEnglishEnglish
occupationFarmerNoneNone [?]None [?]
nature of industry etc.General Farm   
employer etc.OA   
out of work 15 Apr 1910?    
# weeks out of work 1909    
can readYesYesYesYes
can writeYesYesYesYes
school since 1 Sep 09   Yes
owned/rentedR   
owned free or mortagagedF   
farm/houseF [?]   
nr on farm schedule115   
civil war vet    
blind    
deaf & dumb    

1920 census

[1920 US census, Iowa, Benton County, Homer Township, enumeration district 13, microfilm series T625, film 477, page 290 = 5 A handwritten (FamilySearch)]
[identification is confirmed; see the note on the 1900 census entry transcribed above]
line24252627
street    
house number92   
dwelling visit number86   
family visit number88   
nameWilson James A." Susan" Burton J" Robert
relationshipHeadWifeSonSon
own/rentR   
free/mortgaged (if owned)    
sexMFMM
raceWWWW
age at last birthday69602520
marital statusMMSS
year of immigration Un  
naturalized/alien Na  
year of naturalization    
attended school since Sept 1919    
can readyesyesyesyes
can writeyesyesyesyes
birth placeOhioIrelandIllinoisIllinois
native language Irish  
father's birthplaceOhioIrelandOhioOhio
father's native language Irish  
mother's birthplaceOhioIrelandIrelandIreland
mother's native language IrishIrishIrish
can speak Englishyesyesyesyes
occupationFarmernoneHelpingHelper [?]
industry, businessGernal Farming Home FarmHome Farm
employment statusEm   
number of farm schedule96   

index to compiled service records

[index to compiled service records of volunteer Union soldiers who served in organizations from the state of Pennsylvania]
[transcribed 20 Mar 2014, from Fold3]


Clarke, James
Co. D, 91 Pennsylvania Inf.
Corp. | Corp.
REFERENCE CARD.
Original filed under
Clark, James

GENERAL INDEX CARD.


[card 2, transcribed 21 March 2014]

Clark. James
Co. D, 91 Pennsylvania Inf.
Corp. | Corp.
See also [blank]

GENERAL INDEX CARD.

naval enlistment

[Weekly return of enlistments at Naval Rendezvous, 6 January 1855 to 8 August 1891, National Archives and Records Administration microfilm series M1953, film 20 FamilySearch (accessed 18 August 2013)]
ENLISTMENTS AT PHILADELPHIA IN 1863.
Return of the United States Naval Rendezvous at Philadelphia for the week ending Saturday, February Seventh, 1863.
NAME OF RECRUIT Hawks N John
ENLISTED When 4 [sic] Term. 1 Rating 2d C. Fir.
" [sc. G. Ser.] [sc. for General Service, not for Coast Survey]
State name of ship, rate, and date of "HONORABLE DISCHARGE," under which the re-enlistment is made. [blank]
Previous naval service. None
WHERE BORN, AND PERSONAL DESCRIPTION.
City, town, or country. Philada
State. Penn.
Age. 28
Occupation. Carpenter.
Eyes. Hazel
Hair. Blck.
Complexion. Fair
Height 5 feet 6 3/4 inches
FUTURE HISTORY. [blank]

Soldiers home register

[Register of National homes for disabled volunteer soldiers, 1866-1938, National Archives and Records Administration microfilm series M1749, film 41, Dayton Ohio, 1892, page 19299 (FamilySearch)]
19.299.
John N. Hawks

MILITARY HISTORY.
Time and Place of Each Enlistment.Oct 10", 1861
Phila. Pa.
Feb 4" 1863
Phila. Pa.
Rank.Corp2d Class Fireman
Company and Regiment.D 91" Pa InfUS Navy
Pension.12 00 
Time and Place of Discharge.Nov 20", 1862
Frederick City
Nov 13", 1863
Charleston Navy Yard
Cause of Discharge.DisabilityDisability
Kind and Degree of DisabilityRheum.
Loco Ataxia,
etc
 
When and Where Contracted  


DOMESTIC HISTORY.
Where Born.Penna
Age.54
Height5-6
ComplexionDk
Color of Eyes.Dk.
Color of Hair.Dk.
Read and Write.Yes.
Religion.Cath
OccupationPattern Mkr
Residence Subsequent to Discharge.Cinti Ohio
Married or Single.Married
Name and Address of Nearest RelativeWife Fanny
508 E Front St
Cinti. Ohio.


HOME HISTORY.
Rate of Pension.Date of Admission and Re-admission Conditions of Re-admission.Date of Discharge.Cause of Discharge.Date of Death.Cause of Death.
$12 00
13.952
May 9" 1892       March 18 1894
J-20 [?]
Grave #19
Locomotor Ataxia

GENERAL REMARKS
PAPERS. Pension Certificate forwards to Com of Pensions March 9" 1894
Admission Paper. One
Cert Army Discharge. One.
Certificate of Service. [blank]
Pension Certificate. One
EFFECTS Effects paid March 31" 1894
Labor, Money, $[blank]
Pension, Money, $[blank]
Personal, Appraised at 3.80 sold $[blank]
Total, $[blank]
How disposed of, [blank]

pension index, by name

[transcribed 14 July 2013, from Ancestry]
NAME OF SAILOR:Hawks [sic], John N.
 
NAME AND CLASS OF DEPENDENT:Widow Hawks, Fanny
Minor Wilson, Susan, Gdn
NAVAL SERVICE:RANK 2 Cl Fireman ENLISTED 1863 DISCHARGED 1863
 
Arizona, Princeton, Ohio
 
ADDITIONAL SERVICE: 
 
DATE OF FILING.CLASS. APPLICATION NO.LAW. CERTIFICATE NO.LAW. STATE.
  Invalid 24318   13952    
1894 Mar 14 Widow 14218 O      
1894 Mar 28 Minor 14264 O J      
             
REMARKS  

pension certificate file

[Navy pension certificate file, National Archives and Records Administration, record group 15, microfilm series M1469, certificate 13952, John N Hawks]
[abstracted from 134 pages on Fold3 (July 2013)]
24 Dec 1861
Hawks enlisted by Capt Sinex in co. D of the 91st PA under the name 'James Clark' (pp.17, 20, 22, 80, 82)
description: born in Philadelphia Pennsylvania, 27 years old, 5 feet 7-1/2 inches tall, dark complexion, hazel eyes, dark hair, occupation carpenter (p.82)
8 May 1862
treated for gonorrhoea, as private (p.80)
unknown through 30 October 1862
treated for rheumatism (p.80)
31 Oct 1862
muster roll shows him sick in Brigade Hospital, since 30 October 1862 (p.80)
4 November 1862 to 17 November 1862
treated for rheumatism (p.80)
17 Nov 1862
Hawks was discharged on surgeon's certificate of disability, as Corporal (sometimes listed as sergeant), co. D, Lt Faust's company, 91st PA (pp.17, 20 [8 Jan 63], 22, 80 [corporal from enlistment to discharge], 82-83 [actual certificate--corporal])
unfit for duty 60 days in the last two months ("according to his own statement") (p.82)
at General Hospital no. 2, Frederick, MD (p.82)
disability: 'Inguinal Hernia left side Coming on while in the discharge of his duty' (p.82)
4 Feb 1863
John N Hawks enlisted (pp.5, 17, 18, 20, 32, 76, 105, 112)
served as 2nd class Fireman on USS Ohio (p.3)
served as 2nd class fireman on USS Arizona, Princeton (p.4)
(other pages mention only the Arizona (pp.17, 18, 105))
Arizona, Princeton, and Ohio (pp.5, 30)
Arizona, was ill, then to Chelsea Hospital (p.76)
John N Hawks, 2 CF, enlisted on the Princeton on 4 Feb 1863, served to 11 Mar 1863; served on the Arizona to 20 June 1863; was discharged from the Ohio on 13 November 1863 (p.90 [from the 4th auditor])
13 Nov 1863
Hawks discharged (pp.5, 17, 22, 32, 76 [at Charleston Navy Yard Mass, Jan 1864], 105, 112)
Navy, Bureau of Medicine & Surgery, record showed:
'"Princeton" - A. [sc. admitted] February 2. 1863, Diarrhoea, "O.W.S", D. [sc. discharged] February 17, 1863, to duty' (p.92)
'"Arizona".Journal not on file.' (p.92)
'Hospital. Chelsea. Mass. t. fr. "Arizona", July 27. 1863. Phthisis Pulmonalis: "H. T" gives no record of origin. D. Sept. 14. 1863. to duty.' (p.92)
'"Ohio". A. September 19. 1863. Phthisis. "O.W.S." D. October 5. 1863 to "W. H."' (p.92)
'Chelsea Hosptl: A. October 5. 1863. Phthisis "H. T". states "came in hospital [illegible] weeks since for discipline: no evidence of origin in line of duty". D. November 13. 1863. an "C.O.D" wh states disease did not originate in line of duty' (p.92)
surgeon's recommendation for discharge (dated 9 Nov 1863) says that Hawks had phthisis pulmonalis, which did not originate in the line of duty, and that he was recommending discharge at Hawks' request (p.94)
3 June 1878 [?]
the first husband of Hawks' second wife died (p.17)
Patrick Currie, a mason's labourer, married to Susan Moore, died on 3 June 1878 at 4.20 PM, at the New Railway Works, Alston Street, residence 38 Lime Street, Glasgow; 26 years old, born to Michael Currie (a farm labourer, deceased) and Bridget Oates (previously Currie, formerly Conway) (p.40)
he died of 'injuries sustained by a large beam of wood which was being taken from the roof of an old house at which he was working falling on him + striking him on the back of the head + shoulders Death almost instantaneous' (p.40)
12 Feb 1881
Hawks' (first?) wife Mary Patterson died, at 35 Kemper Lane (private residence), 2nd ward, Cincinnati, Ohio (pp.17, 20, 45 [death record])
she was 33 years old, and was born in Philadelphia PA (p.45)
she died of phthisis pul, duration 3 months (p.45)
she had lived in Cincinnati for 13 years (p.45)
on 15 Feb 1881, she was buried in 'St Joseph's New' (p.45)
29 Dec 1881
Hawks married Susan Currie, at Cincinnati Ohio by C. Driscol (pp.17, 18, 20, 30, 32, 42 [extract of church record])
recorded in records of St Xavier's Church (p.42)
witnesses George and Anna Ross (p.42)
15 Mar 1890
Hawks and Susan Hawks (the mother of Mary and Annie Hawks) were divorced, at Ottawa, Ill (p.17 [6 Jan 1891], 20 [about 10 March 1890], 30, 32 [Mar])
p.59 is the divorce decree, issued in LaSalle County Illinois, on 15 March 1890; Susan Hawks was the plaintiff (p.59)
Susan was represented by W W Blake, and John was not represented and did not respond to her suit for divorce (p.61)
John's non-response was taken by the Court as an admission (p.61)
the Court therefore found that 'the defendent has been guilty of extreme and repeated acts of cruelty toward the said complainant', and concluded that 'he is an unfit person to have the care and custody and education of Annie Hawks, now aged three years' (p.61), and granted the divorce, and that Susan have custody of Annie (p.62)
John Hawks was also required to 'pay the costs and charges of this suit' (p.62)
[the decree does not mention Mary Hawks]
2 Aug 1890
Albert Fiedler, 27 years old, born 'Cinte' [?] [presumably sc. Cincinnati], born to Edward and Angeline Fiedler, single [sic], laborer, died of accidental drowning in the Ohio River, buried 4 August 1890 in Spring Grove Cem (pp.101, 105)
29 Sep 1890
John N Hawks, 56 years old, applied for a pension under the act of 27 June 1890 (pp.5, 75, 76 [application])
address: 25 Kemper Lane, Walnut Hill, Cincinnati, Ohio (pp.75, 76)
certificate issued 16 Oct 1890 (p.3)
mailed 28 Oct 1890 (p.3)
rate of $12 per month retroactive to 29 September 1890 (pp.3, 75)
$10 in fees (pp.3, 75)
attorney: A W McCormick + Sons, Cincinnati (p.75)
witnesses: Geo F Ross (20 Kemper Lane) and Jos Birenger (51 Bogen St, Cincinnati) (p.77)
disability: 'Disease of nervous system and rheumatism' (pp.3, 30)
he alleged: locomotor ataxia, rheumatism, partial paralysis (p.76)
application 24318, certificate 13952 (p.4)
22 Jan 1891
the pension office recorded this note: 'Call on 4th Auditor' (p.6)
and this note: 'Call No. 3 [?] on Aty. [?] for sub. serv.' [sc. call # 3 on attorney for substantiation [?] of service ?] (p.6)
28 Jan 1891
the pension office noted a medical exam [was conducted? or was called for?] by a board at Cincinnati Ohio (p.6)
5 Feb 1891
John N Hawks swore that he had not served in the military or navy since January 1864 (p.78)
dated 3 Feb 1891
March 1891
John Hawks was divorced from Susan Wilson (p.18)
[see 15 March 1890 above]
30 Apr 1891
surgeon's certificate for application was held at Cincinnati, Hamilton County Ohio, and found 'Locomotor ataxia, partial paralysis + rheumatism' (p.126)
Hawks claimed: 'I first began to have nervous trouble 18 years ago. I am getting worse all the time. I never had any private disease' (p.126)
pulse 82, respirations 18, height 5 feet 8 inches, weight 130 pounds, age 57 years, poor general appearance, skin + conjunctiva sallow, body fairly nourished, tongue coated, pharynx + nasal passages congested (p.126)
chest on forced expiration 32 inches, on full inspiration 34 inches, lungs healthy on auscultation and percussion, heart feeble, liver, stomach, spleen, rectum healthy (p.126)
nervous, tremulous (increasing with any voluntary movement), no coordination, cannot stand or walk with closed eyes, patellar reflex absent, no evidence of syphilis (p.126)
slight crepitus in both shoulders and knee joints, sligh stiffness in both hips, lumbar tenderness, no other problem with joints (p.126)
no evidence of vicious habits (p.126)
no other disability (p.126)
totally disabled for any manual or mental work; 17/18 disability for locomotor ataxia, and 6/18 for rhematism; 2nd-grade rating (p.126)
28 Aug 1891
John N Hawks married Fanny Fiedler in Hamilton County Ohio; married by Justice of the Peace R J Manning (pp.18, 20, 32, 104 [certificate], 105)
8 Dec 1891
Susan Hawks married James A Wilson (pp.18, 20)
4 August 1892
Hawks was admitted to the Central Branch, National Home for Disabled Volunteer Soldiers (p.116)
the records refer to his service in D 91 PA (p.116)
disabilities: 'Patellar reflexes absent Pupils irregular do not react to light promptly. Cannot stand with Eyes closed. Cannot walk with eyes closed. Lightning pains in legs and arms. Locomotor ataxia. Claims chronic rheumatism. Heart's action 108 and regular' (p.116)
admitted to hospital on 4 August 1892: 'Marked case of Tabes Dorsalis' (p.116)
13 Aug 1892
the Central Branch of the National Soldiers' Home notified the Pension Office that Hawks had been admitted (p.11)
he was receiving a pension of $12 per month (p.11)
31 Aug 1892
pension certificate was transferred to DC (p.3)
8 Mar 1894
Hawks died at the Nat'l Mil Home Ohio at 245 AM (pp.4, 8, 11, 20, 74, 105, 116, 128)
then 55 years old (p.11)
died of locomotor ataxia (pp.9, 116, 128)
'contracted break bone liver or malarial fever from effects of which he died at National Military Home, Ohio (pp.18, 105)
funeral to be held at 130 PM on 9 March 1894 (p.128)
14 Mar 1894
Fanny Hawks, widow of John N Hawks, 39 years old, applied for a pension (pp.8, 17, 30, 105 [declaration])
the declaration does not specify a particular Act under which she was applying (p.105)
dated 12 March 1894 (p.105)
the declaration claims Hawks 'from exposure in the line of his duty in the U.S> Navy at absent [??] contracted Break Bone Fever or Malarial Fever - from the effects of which he died at the National Military Home Ohio' (p.105)
512 East Front St, Cincinnat OH (p.8)
attorney: A N McCormick + Sons, Cincinnati OH (pp.8, 105, 108-110 [Articles of agreement])
witnesses: Daniel Doherty (512 E Front St Cincinnati) and John W Evans (500 E Front St Cincinnati) (p.106)
14 Mar 1894
Fanny Hawks, 512 East Front St, Cincinnati, requested forms ("blanks") to apply for his accrued pension (p.129)
22 Mar 1894
Susan Wilson was appointed guardian of Mary and Annie Hawks (pp.17, 30, 65-66 [official record])
24 Mar 1894
the pension office added this note: '1894 Mar 24 Not R' (p.8)
27 March 1894
'P.C. filed Pensr dead' (p.3)
28 Mar 1894
Susan Wilson, 35 years old, guardian of Hawks' minor children, applied for a pension (pp.4, 17, 18, 30, 32)
Mary Hawks (born 9 November 1882 [p.17 clearly has '9 Nov'; p.18 seems to have '11 Nov', pp.20, 30 and 44 clearly have '9 Nov', p.32 clearly has '11 Nov') and Annie Hawks (born 14 September 1886, a cripple for life) were the children of John N Hawks (pp.17, 18, 20, 30, 32, 44 [baptismal record])
they had one other child, Mark Moore Hawks, born 19 Jan 1884, died 22 Nov 1885 (pp.18, 32, 44 [baptismal record; church records have him dying 20 Nov 1884])
the children were baptised in All Saints Parish, Cincinnati, Ohio (p.44)
address: 230 Superior St, Ottawa, Lasalle County, Illinois (pp.4, 17, 18, 32)
dated 22 March 1894 (p.18)
witnesses: Michael Hanifer (201 E Main St Ottawa) and W K Stewart (719 South Division St Ottawa) (pp.19, 32, 33)
attorney A W McCormick + Sons, Cincinnati Oh (pp.4, 17, 18, 32)
widow's original application 14,218 (p.4)
the mother of Mary and Annie was divorced from John Hawks in March 1891 at Ottawa, and he remarried Fanny Fiedler 28 Aug 1891 (p.18)
minor's original application filed 28 March 1894, under the act of 27 June 1890 (p.4)
[the claim is stamped both] ABANDONED [and] REJECTED (p.4)
it was submitted for approval of the rejection on 3 September 1898 (p.17)
rejection was approved 'on the grounds of claimants declared inability to furnish the required evidence connecting death cause of soldier with his service', 10 September 1898 (p.17)
31 Mar 1894
Daniel Doherty (51 years old) swore that he knew Fanny Hawks personally, and that she had not remarried since Hawks' death on 8 March 1894 (p.97)
dated 29 Mar 1894 (p.97)
31 Mar 1894
Pension Bureau received a certified copy of Albert Fiedler's death certificate (pp.101-102)
3 Apr 1894
Mark Kraft (33 years old) swore that he was a neighbor of Fanny Hawks, and that she had not remarried since Hawks' death on 8 March 1894 (p.99)
dated 30 March 1894 (p.99)
3 Apr 1894
William Moulster, 45 years old, 516 E Front St, Cincinnati, Ohio, swore that he first became acquainted with Hawks' physicial condition about Spring 1879, and he then suffered from partial paralysis (which continued until his death); he lived near him from spring 1879 to August 1892, and that he believed the disease originated in the US service (p.117)
symptoms: 'Partly paralyzed, particularly in one leg, greatly disabling him from walking. Sailor was at the Soldier's Home from Aug. 1892 till his death, but affiant saw him frequently during this time + knows he continued to suffer with above' (p.117)
widow hadn't remarried (p.117)
Hawks' occupation was pattern maker (p.118)
dated 30 March 1894 (p.117)
13 Apr 1894
the Pension Office notified someone about something ('1894. Apr 13. Notified. C.AM.') (p.7)
14 Apr 1894
the Pension Office [asked?] the 4th Auditor for the full history of Hawks' service (p.8)
20 Apr 1894
one application seems to have been approved by the Board of Review and sent to the Chief of the Certificate Division for issuing a certificate, with a request that the papers be returned to the Adjudicating Division 'for action relative to claims of widow + minors herewith' (p.70)
[I can't tell whose application was approved, if further action on the widow's and the minors' claims was still required]
[the card is headed 'Bureau of Pension, BOARD OF REVIEW' (presumably the sender), and the next line says 'Chief of the Certificate Division' (presumably the recipient) (p.70)
[what appears to be the reverse of the card says:] 'Please charge to Mr White for consideration of gen. law claims. By direction of Dr Wilkinson no letter of rejection will be written in the minor's act '90 claim.' W.L.C Feb 7. 95." (p.71)
[why is the note on the reverse dated ten months after the note on the front?]
23 Apr 1894
Hawks' widow was paid the accrued pension (p.17)
the pension had last been issued on 16 October 1891 (p.72)
it was paid to Fanny Hawks, 512 East Front Street, Cincinnati Ohio (p.72)
it was approved 23 April 1894, and mailed on 28 April 1894 (p.72)
28 May 1894
Sarah Ross (53), 20 Kemper Lane, Cincinnati Ohio, swore that Mary and Annie Hawks were the only living children of John N Hawks under 16 years old (p.55)
dated 26 May 1894 (p.55)
31 May 1894
Lizzie M Pfister, 26, in Hamilton County Ohio, swore that she was a cousin of Susan Wilson, who was married to Patrick Curry before her marriage to John N Hawks; he 'was killed in Scotland by a falling timber on a building that he was helping to tear down'; she married John N Hawks on 29 Dec 1881, living with affiant and affiant's mother when she married him (p.47)
Pfister personally knew Mary Patterson, Hawks' first wife, who died at Cincinnati about 1878 or 1879; she knew him since she was about 6 (1874), '+ remembers that he was always troubled with something like paralysis in his body + limbs, from about 1874 till he went to the Soldier's Home. It affected his walk so people would think he was intoxicated + affected his upper extremities so he could hardly hold anything in his hand. Could scarcely lift a cup of tea without spilling it. Affiant has heard him say he got his disability in the army' (p.47)
dated 28 May 1894
31 May 1894
Sarah Ross, 53, swore in Hamilton County OH that she was an aunt of Susan Wilson (and adds the same facts as in Lizzie Pfister's testimony) (p.49)
Ross knew Hawks well since about 1871, and for that whole time 'he was troubled with threatened paralysis of the whole body. His lower limbs were so affected that it interfered with his walk so much that she + others used to think he was intoxicated before she became well acquainted with him. His upper extremities were so affected he could scarcely grasp things at times. Could hardly hold a cup of tea without spilling the contents. He used to say his disability was contracted in the service' (p.49)
dated 28 May 1894
June 1894 [?]
Joseph McCleary (46 years old) and his wife Laura McCleary (35), 414 East Main St, Ottawa, Illinois, swore that they had known Susan Wilson for four years, and were near neighbors for most of that time, know that Annie is a hunchback and apparently crippled for life
dated 21 June 1894 (p.51)
June 1894 [?]
Matilda Mallock, 45 years old, 208 Vanburen St, Ottawa, Illinois, swore that she had known Susan Wilson since she was a child, etc. [no new information] (p.53)
dated 20 June 1894 (p.53)
27 June 1894
Dr Enos E Palmer swore that he first saw Annie Hawks in June 1890; she was and is suffering from Pott's disease of the 5th and 6th dorsal vertebrae, with the curvature constantly increasing; she was in the Presbyterian Hospital in Chicago for one year; her deformity also affects her breast (p.57)
Annie is deformed for life, and will not be able to earn a living (pp.57-58)
dated 22 June 1894 (p.57)
18 Aug 1894
the Pension Office made this note: 'McC + Sons Origin + Continuance ASG [?]' (p.8)
21 Sep 1894
pension office note: 'A + N.S. Div for Comrades' [sc. the Pension Office asked the Army and Navy Service Divisions ?? for contact information for Hawks' comrades?] (p.8)
13 Oct 1894
Wm A McCallum, 42 years old, corner Main + Hutchings Ave Avondale Cincinnati Ohio, swore that he had known Hawks personally since November 1870, and that he had 'rheumatism and nervous disease' from then until he entered the Soldiers Home, and that he 'Had Locomotor Attaxia [sic] as shown by his halting and dragging step and was told so by his doctor' (pp.123-4)
'He was clerk in the same house and after employed the soldier to work for affiant in brass business till he grew so bad he could not work' (p.123)
dated 9 Oct 1894 (p.123)
13 Oct 1894
Edward Ball, 37 years old, 540 E 3rd St Cindinnai, swore that he knew and worked with John N Hawks from Spring 1877, and that he then had 'rheumatism and nervous disease', which continued until his death (p.121)
'He had a halting dragging step and could not stand for any length of time without resting' (p.121)
Hawks was a pattern maker (p.122)
dated 9 Oct 1894 (p.121)
13 Oct 1894
Henry Boerstler, 47, Fredonia Ave, Walnut Hills, Cincinnati, swore that he knew and worked with Hawks from Spring 1882 until he entered the Soldiers Home, and that Hawks 'was suffering and did suffer from rheumatism and nervous disease during all this time' (p.119)
dated 9 Oct 1894 (p.119)
16 Oct 1894
the Pension Office sent McCormick and Sons names and addresses of Hawks' comrades (p.8)
8 Nov 1894
Susan Wilson guardian for Mary and Annie Hawks, resident of Ottawa, Lasalle County, Illinois (230 Superior St, Ottawa), 35 years old applied for a pension for the children (p.20)
she tried claiming that he 'contracted disease in said Co. or said Vessel, probably break bone or malarial fever affecting his nervous system and from the effects of which he died at the National Military Home Ohio' (p.20)
attorney A W McCormick & Sons, Cincinnati, Ohio (p.20)
witnesses: Jerry Maher (Ottawa) and J F Pearce Jr (Ottawa) (p.20)
?
Susan Wilson, guardian of Mary Hawks and Annie Hawks, applied on their behalf for a pension under the Act of 27 June 1890 (p.30)
residence 230 Superior St, Ottawa, Lasalle County, Illinois (p.30)
the examiner proposed a rate of $2 per month for each child retroactive to 28 March 1894 (p.30)
attorney A W McCormick + Sons, Cincinnati--fee of $10 (p.30)
it was submitted for adm[ission] on 7 December 1894 by A. S. Gilbert, examiner (p.30)
'Approved for rejection on the ground that there is a widow of the sailor who has not been pensioned, the children have no right to this additional pension until the widow's claim shall have been allowed' (Hickox, legal reviewer) (p.30)
it was resubmitted for admission on 26 November 1894 by A S Gilbert (p.31)
it was apparently approved for admission on 28 November 1894; the summary sheet doesn't have any further relevant information (p.31)
23 November 1894
the War Department, Record and pension division, sent the above-summarized information to the Commissioner of Pensions (pp.80-81)
30 Nov 1894
the Pension Bureau, B of R Division, returned Susan Wilson's application to Mr. Coleman [and] Mr Hickox, with this note: 'Sailor left a widow surviving who has not yet been pensioned. I can't see how a "supplemental" issue involving an "increase of" or additional pension can be made until the widow's certificate issue[s]" (p.12)
3 Dec 1894
the Pension Bureau, AC [?] Division, returned Susan Wilson's application to the Chief of the O.W. + N. Div, with this note: 'This case must wait for the widow's. See attached slip of the R. Rev. [sc. re-reviewer].'(p.13)
25 Jan 1895
'referred to Mr. Aspinwall, Ch. Bo. Rev. [chairman, Board of Review?]. The sailor leaves a widow, who married him in 1891, and therefore has no right under the Act of June 27, 1890. These children by a former wife apply under the said act, and would be entitled to the $2 additional if there were a widow's pension in existence. The widow, who can not obtain one under this new law, has a claim pending under the general law, the outcome of which claim is in doubt. It is not worked up. I tested the admissibility of this supplemental claim by signing and redating the incomplete action of a former Reviewer, and, when re ReReviewer objected, returned it to the Division saying it must wait for the completion of the widow's claim. But it comes back under the "Engle" decision, as you will see by slip on face. Can I do anything more than repeat my return slip of Dec. 3, 94--that the case must wait? Hickox Rev.' (pp.14, 15)
[is the Engle decision 'Overpayment of pension--reimbursement George J. Bond [and] James E Engle'? (see Decisions of the department of the interior in cases relating to pension claims and to the Laws of the United States granting and governing pensions, volume 4, 1891, pp. 263 sqq., available on Google books (accessed 18 August 2013)]
9 Feb 1895
Pension Office note: 'Old report to S.G. [sc. Surgeon General] for [illegible] C.O.D. [sc. cause of discharge] Nov 13 /63 White' (p.8)
12 Feb 1895
the Navy, Bureau of Medicine & Surgery, sent the above-summarized information about Hawks' cause of discharge to the Pension Bureau (pp.96 and prior)
18 Feb 1895
the Pension Office [sent a letter to] McCormick and Sons [asking] for Hawks' original condition to 1891, proof that no divorce had occurred, and proof of the identity of Clark and Hawkes (p.8)
the Pension Office reportedly told A W McCormick and Sons that they needed to provide more evidence about the fatal illness and the identity of James Clark and John N Hawks (p.22 [reference at end of letter])
19 June 1895
Mary Widener [?], 55 years old, 950 E Front St Cincinnati Ohio, swore that she knew John Hawks for about 10 years and Fanny Hawks for about 7, and lived in the same house as they for 'a good part of the time'; they lived together as husband and wife until he went to the Soldiers Home (but he lived with her on frequent furloughs), and they were never divorced (p.131)
he died 'about three weeks after a return from a visit home' (p.131)
dated 17 June 1895
19 June 1895
Susie C Underwood, 29 years old, 950 E Front St Cincinnai Ohio, swore that she knew John N Hawks for about 10 years and Fany for about 6, lived in the same house for almost 6 years, that they lived as husband and wife until he went into the Soldiers Home and that he frequently visited and lived with her then, and that he 'died within three weeks after his return from one of these visits', and that they were never divorced (p.133)
dated 17 June 1895
26 Dec 1896
the Pension Office notified the claimant, care of Hon Walter Reeves, that they were waiting for evidence of the origin of the fatal disease and its existence to 1891 and the identity of James Clark (91st PA) and John N Hawks (pp.4, 22)
'See guardian gen law claim c/o Hon W Reeves White' [presumably a reference to the note on page 4] (p.8)
13 Mar 1897
dated 10 Mar 1897
Michael Hanifen (magistrate and notary public, Ottawa, IL) requested the names and addresses of survivors of company D who served with James Clark in the 91st PA or in the Navy (p.27)
she hadn't answered earlier because she and her children were ill (p.27)
22 March 1897
the pension office [received a letter requesting information?] about comrades in company D of the 91st Pennsylvania Volunteers (p.4)
15 Apr 1897
the Pension Office received the following list of four officers and comrades from co D 91st PA (requested on 22 March 1897) (pp.28-29)
Wm H Chandler, 2 Lt, 214 Federal St, Camden NJ (p.29)
Wm W Widdefied [sic], Musc, 474 Dellwyn St, Phila Pa (p.29)
Samuel Wilson, pri, Martinsville, Knox Co, Me (p.29)
Charles Beaver, pri, 805 N 3rd [??], Harrisburg PA (p.29)
16 Apr 1897
the Pension Office sent names of comrades to the claimant, as requested (p.4)
24 March 1898
Clarence C Glover, 47, resident of Ottawa, Illinois, swore that he had known Margaret and Annie Hawks and their mother Mrs Wilson for 8 or 9 years; the minors are wholly dependent and deserve a pension; their father was a soldier in the Federal Army during the late rebellion (pp.34-35)
dated 7 Mar 1898 (p.34)
24 March 1898
Edward A Kelly, 31, 324 E Lafayette, Ottawa, LaSalle County, Illinois, swore that he had known Annie and Mary Hawks since 1889, with their mother being his neighbor since then; they have no support, '[t]he mother works at any housework she is able to get to do for their support they have no income, or real or personal property of any kind whatever. They are dependent on their step-father James A Wilson, and a step Sister Maggie Currie. a daughter of their mothers [sic] first husband in part for their support' (p.36)
the mother has worked for him and many neighbors; she is a hardworking woman (p.36)
Annie 'is a cripple caused as I am told by an accident which made her a hunchback' (p.36)
24 Mar 1898
Susan Wilson, guardian of John N Hawks' minors, 41 years old, swore that she had 'made ever possible effort' to find evidence that Hawks and Clark were the same person, and that he incurred breakbone fever in the service (p.23)
dated 26 Feb 1898 (p.23)
address 312 Washington ST, Ottawa, Ill (p.24)
Hawks had a discharge in the name of James Clark, 'but he said he was a near friend of his' (p.23)
Charles Beaver, Harrisburg PA, 'says "I knew James Clark, Sargeant [sic] of Co D 91st Pa V I believe it is the same John N Hawks, that enlisted in the US Navy for he had a Brother in Co D 91. by the name of Hakwes a younger man I often wondered how one was named Clark and the other Hawks some one said that they were step brothers, but this explains it he enlisted in 91st PV. under an assumed name"' (p.23)
Wilson had tried to get an affidavit from Beaver, from Lt Chandler, and from others, but failed (p.23)
because of that inability, she chose to drop the claim under the old law, and to claim a pension under the law of 27 June 1890 for the minors, who had no income (p.23)
'That the child Annie is permanently helpless by reason of an accident or injury inflicted by her father John N Hawks when she was an infant' (p.23)
2 Sept 1898
(dated 28 August [no year]) Susan Wilson wrote her attorney asking whether there was anything she could do about the pension claim, and in particular whether contacting her congressman would be useful (p.25)
on 30 August, the attorney sent it to the pension office with a request for the status of the claim (p.26)
2 Sep 1898
the Pension Office rejected Susan Wilson's claim as guardian of Mary and Annie Hawks (pp.17)
22 Sep 1898
the Pension Office notified the claimant and her attorney (A W McCormick + Sons) that his death was not due to his service (pp.4, 8)
the Pension Office rejected Fanny Hawks' claim, which had been submitted for rejection on 3 September by A S Gilbert, and was rejected because she couldn't show that his death from locomotor ataxia was due to his service (p.111)
8 July 1905
the Pension Office again informed the claimant c/o J F Kinney that her claim had been rejected and that they adhered to the rejection (p.8)
they received her request for information about the status of her claim on 17 June 1905 (p.9)
her claim was rejected on 22 Sep 1898 'on the ground that you were unable to furnish the required evidence to show that sailor's death from locomoter ataxia was a result of his naval service' (p.9)
addressed to: Mrs. Fanny Hawks, c/o Mr. J. F. Kinney, 110 Lincoln Inn Court, Cincinnati, Ohio. (p.9)

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