He was born in 1840/44, in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, to David Cole and Maria Robinet.
They had been married on 6 January 1822.
date: 5 (19 in 1861), 8 (16 in 1860), 10 (21 at death in 1864), 12.
place: 5, 8, 10, 12.
parents: 8, 11, 12]
In 1850, he was living in ward 7, Northern Liberties, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.
He was living with his parents David and Maria Cole, and with Robert, Sarah, and Maria (presumably siblings).
In January 1851, his father, David Cole, died, in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.
In 1860, he was living in the 12th ward of Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.
He was living with his mother, Maria Cole.
He was an apprentice morocco dresser.
When he enlisted, he was a morocco finisher.
When he enlisted, he was 5 feet 8 inches tall, and had a dark complexion, dark eyes, and brown hair.
He had a scar on his upper lip.
In 1864, he was 5 feet 10 inches tall, and had a dark complexion, dark eyes, and brown hair.
During the war
He enlisted and was mustered into service on 16 September 1861 (co.A) or 18 September 1861 (co.C).
He was enlisted for three years, at Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, by Captain Smith.
He initially served as a private in company A.
[sources: 1, 5, 11 (mustered 25 Sep), 14 (C)]
He reenlisted as a veteran volunteer on 30 December 1863.
He was enlisted for three years, at Bealton, Virginia, by Lieutenant Swan.
[sources: 1, 6, 11 (enlisted 26 Dec)]
The regiment travelled from Warrenton, Virginia, to Alexandria by railroad, through a severe snowstorm.
At least one company was transported on open platform cars.
During that trip, Cole contracted typhoid fever, also known as camp fever.
When the regiment arrived in Philadelphia on 8 January 1864, near Grays Ferry, Rob M Steedle, who had come to see them, took Cole home, because of his illness.
Steedle reported Cole sick on 13 January 1864.
At 'that time he was out of his mind [and] remained so until the morning of the 18th on which he died'.
He died of typhoid fever, at Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, on 18 January 1864, while he was on furlough.
He died at, or was buried from, 3 Kessler Alley, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.
On 21 January 1864, he was buried in American Mechanics' Cemetery, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.
[sources: 1, 4, 6, 10, 11, 13]
He was transfered to company C on 16 February 1864.
He may have been mistakenly transferred to company A when he reenlisted (see fact of the week #102).
He was a private, in company C, at the end.
[sources: 2, 14; but see 3]
After the war
On 2 March 1864, his mother, Maria Cole, applied successfully from Pennsylvania for a pension, under the Act of 14 July 1862.
Her post office address was 3 Kessler Place, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.
Her application was rejected, apparently because Ed J Maguigan had certified that Cole became ill while on furlough (apparently confusing the date Steedle reported Cole ill with the date Cole became ill); the Pension Office therefore concluded that his mother was not eligible for a pension because he had not died of a disease contracted while on service.
After receiving additional evidence correcting his mistake, from F H Gregory, from the physician who treated Cole during his last illness, and from Rob M Steedle, who met Cole on the regiment's return, the Pension Office changed their decision.
(I assume Gregory became involved because Cole had been reenlisted in company A, which Gregory was commanding.)
Her application was accepted on 26 January 1866, and she received $8 per month, retroactive to 19 January 1864.
[sources: 7, 9, 11]
On 19 June 1873, Maria Cole died.
She had last been paid her pension through 4 June 1873.
She apparently left enough money to pay the expenses of her last illness and burial.
1 Bates, Samuel Penniman. History of Pennsylvania volunteers, 1861-5. Harrisburg: B. Singerly, state printer, 1869-71. 5 volumes. 'Ninety-first regiment', volume 3, pages 186-233.
(In the roster)
[Bates lists two Francis Cole's, one in co. A (not accounted for), and the other in co.C (died at Philadelphia). His source obviously missed special order 4, HQ 91st PA, 16 Feb 64, which transfers Cole from co.A to co.C.]
[1850 US census, Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, Northern Liberties, ward 7, microfilm series M432, film 811, page 538 verso = 184 handwritten (FamilySearch)]
[identification is probable; see the note on the 1860 census entry transcribed below]
[1860 US census, Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, 12th ward, microfilm series M653, film 1162, page 330 = 110 handwritten]
[identification is probable, since his occupation, and his mother's name, match the information in the dependent's pension certificate file abstracted below]
Ap Morroco Dre [?] [sc. apprentice morocco dresser]
[death certificate, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, 18 January 1864, Francis C Cole]
[thanks to Ed McLaughlin for finding this!]
RETURN OF A DEATH,
IN THE CITY OF PHILADELPHIA.
1. Name of Deceased, Francis C. Cole
2. Colour, White
3. Sex, [blank]
4. Age, Twenty One years.
6. Date of Death, January 18, 1864
7. Cause of Death, Typhoid Fever
O. Cohen M.D.
Residence, 830 N 6th St.
UNDERTAKER'S CERTIFICATE, IN RELATION TO DECEASED.
8. Occupation, [blank]
9. Place of Birth, Philad
10. When a Minor, [blank]
11. Ward, 12 ward
12. Street and Number, No 3 Kessler Alley
13. Date of Burial, Jany 21/ 64
14. Place of Burial, American Mechanic's Cemetery
Geo Thumbert UNDERTAKER.
Residence, Cor Lawrence + Poplar
Date of Certificate. [blank]
[dependent's pension certificate file, National Archives and Records Administration, record group 15, certificate 63,562, Maria Cole mother of Francis C Cole]
[abstracted November 2012, from 29 pages on Fold3]
6 January 1822
David Cole (father of Francis Cole) married Maria Robinet (pp.3, 4)
David Cole father of Francis Cole died at Philadelphia PA (p.3)
18 September 1861
Francis C Cole enrolled on 18 Sept 1861 at Philadelphia PA (p.6)
25 September 1861
mustered in as private (p.6)
26 Dec 1863
revolunteered at Bealton VA (p.3)
15 January 1864
furlough issued (p.28)
Cole's description: 21 years old, 5 feet 10 inches tall, dark complexion, dark eyes, brown hair, morocco finisher, born in PA (p.28)
enlisted at Bealton VA on 26 Dec 1863 (p.28)
furlough from 16 January 1864 to 16 February 1864 (p.28)
the furlough was signed by C C Gilbert Major 19th US Infantry, Supt Vol Rec Service, and endorsed 'Approved E M Gregory Col Commdg' (p.28)
18 Jan 1864
died at Philadelphia on furlough (pp.3, 6)
no wife or children less than 16 (p.3)
died of disease--typhoid fever, camp fever, contracted in service and in the line of duty (p.3)
23 Feb 1864
Ed J Maguigan (comdg co C), at Chester Hospital Barracks, Chester, PA, certified that Francis C Cole became sick with typhoid fever about 13 January 1864 while on furlough, and died of it on 18 January 1864 at Philadelphia (p.17)
2 March 1864
Maria Cole mother of Francis C Cole C 91 PA applied for a pension under the act of 14 July 1862 (p.3)
58 years old, resident of Philadelphia, post office address 3 Kessler Place Philadelphia (p.3)
her case was rejected once, but reconsidered, and she was admitted 'by endorsement of Comm[issioner]' (pp.2, 10)
Maria Cole was dependent on Francis for more than six years for rent, provisions, groceries (pp.3, 4)
dated 26 February 1864 (p.3)
attorney E O Jackson, 138 S 3rd St Philadelphia (p.3)
application 46,624 (pp.6, 9)
witnesses Robert M Steedle and E Forster (residents of Philadelphia) (p.4)
admitted 26 January 1866, $8 per month retroactive to 19 Jan 1864 (pp.2, 7)
certificate 63,562 dated 26 Jan 1866 (p.7)
27 May 1864
Adjutant General's office sent the above-summarized information to the Pension Office (p.6; request is p.9, see also p.10)
Pension Office received on 30 May (p.10)
31 May 1864
the Pension Office sent circulars 2 and 9 to the attorney (p.10)
9 Oct 1864
F H Gregory, at Weldon RailRoad, certified that Francis Cole contracted camp fever about 5 January 1864, when they left Warrington Junction for Philadelphia, from exposure, and died of it on 18 January 1864 at Philadelphia (p.18)
'There was a sever [sic] Snow Storm Raging from the time we left Warrington untill [sic] we arrived at Alexandria Va. He then complained of sickness' (p.18)
24 Nov 1864
Owen Osler MD swore that he attended Francis C Cole in his last illness, and that he died on 18 January 1864 of camp fever contracted in service (p.20)
29 Nov 1864
William H Myers and Edward White swore that Maria Cole had depended on Francis C Cole (pp.21-22)
1 Dec 1864
the Pension Office sent a letter to the attorney saying that the evidence showed that Cole contracted the disease of which he died while he was on furlough, and the Pension Office therefore rejected the case (p.10)
10 May 1865
Rob M Steedle swore that on 8 January 1864 he met the 91st near Grays Ferry, and saw Francis C Cole there; he complained of being sick; Steedle brought him home on the Passyunk Rail Road (p.13)
Steedle reported Cole sick to the Colonel on 13 January (p.13)
'that time he was out of his mind - remained so until the morning of the 18th on which he died - on the night of the 15th of January his mother received a furlough from Sergeant John Stewart and that he never seen [sic] the furlough. he was out of his mind at that time' (p.13)
dated 1 May 1865 (p.14)
10 May 1865
Francis H Gregory swore that he was in command of company A when Cole became ill; the 91st PA left Warrenton VA on 4 January 1864 'in a severe snow storm My Company were placed uppon [sic] platform cars' and Cole complained of being sick on the way to Philadelphia, where they arrived 8 January (p.11)
the furloughs were issued on 14 January (p.11)
Since Cole was ill, Gregory sent his furlough to his mother's house, where Cole was; Sergt Stewart 'found him insensible and was so reported to me on the 15th inst he remained wholly unconscious until his death on the 18th inst' (p.11)
Cole undoubtedly died of camp or typhoid fever contracted from exposure; the regiment was returning under orders as veterans; he did not contract the disease of which he died on furlough (p.11)
dated 8 May 1865
14 Aug 1865
[unnamed person] wrote that in response to the letter denying Maria Cole her pension, he had sent an affidavit by Capt F H Gregory 'giving full proof to the contrary' (sc. that he did not contract the disease on furlough) (p.25)
Apparently the Pension Office hadn't received that, and a duplicate copy was enclosed (pp.25-6)
Gen Gregory also sent an affidavit through the claim agent (p.26)
requested receipt and information whether further evidence was desired (p.26)
16 Aug 1865
'Files from Ch. Ex. room--some ev to show dis. contracted before furlough-- + same ret for some informality' (p.10)
30 June 1865
Leonard Myers wrote to the Commissioner of the Pension Office, asking when Francis Cole's mother Maria would receive her pension (p.24)
23 Jan 1866
Francis H Gregory swore again to the above-listed facts (with the addition that the platform cars were open) (pp.15-16)
19 June 1873
Maria Cole died (p.7)
last paid through 4 June 1873 (p.7)
23 Feb 1875
the Pension Agent returned the pension certificate to the Pension Office, 'with report that pensioner left assets to meet expenses of last illness + burial' (p.8)
[from the dependent's pension certificate file abstracted above]
[transcribed 3 November 2012, from Fold 3 (page 28 of 29)]
To all whom it may Concern:
The bearer hereof, Francis C Cole, a Private of Lieut Ed. J. Maguigans [sic] Company (C) 91st Regiment, Pennsylvania Vols., aged 21 years; 5 feet, 10 inches high, Dark complexion, Dark eyes, Brown hair, and by profession a morrocco [sic] finisher; born in the State of Pennsylvania and enlisted at Bealton, in the State of Virginia, on the Twenty sixth day of December eighteen hundred and sixty three, to serve for the period of three years is hereby permitted to go to [blank], in the County of [blank], State of [blank]
he having received a furlough from the 16th day of January to the 16th day of February 1864, at which period he will report to the Commanding Officer of the General Rendezvous for Veteran Volunteers, at Camp Reynolds, near Harrisburg, Pa., or be considered a deserter.
(This furlough granted in accordance with General Orders, No. 376, Adjutant-General's Office, Washington, D.C., November 21st, 1863.)
Subsistence has been furnished to said [blank] to the [blank] day of [blank] and pay to the [blank] day of [blank] both inclusive.
GIVEN under my hand, at Philadelphia this Fifteenth day of January 1864
C. C. Gilbert
Major 19th U.S. Infantry,
SUP'T VOL. REC. SERVICE.