91st PA: William R Cooper

William R Cooper

Before the war

He was born in 1828/29 (6 (32 in 1861), 7 (32 in 1861), 9 [55 in 1885], 15 [55 in 1885], 16 [40 in 1870]). He was born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania (6, 7, 8, 9, 15, 16).

When he enlisted, he was a tailor (6, 7).

Description

When he enlisted, he was 5 feet 9 inches tall, and had a light complexion, blue eyes, and brown hair (6, 7).

During the war

He also served as a private in company E of the 25th Pennsylvania Infantry (8, 9, 10, 11, 15). He enlisted in April 1861, at Harrisburg, Pennsylvania (15). He was discharged on 3 July 1861, at Harrisburg, Pennsylvania (15). He served for three months (8, 15).

He enlisted and was mustered into service in the 91st Pennsylvania on 21 December 1861 (1, 6, 7, 15). He was enlisted for three years, at Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, by Captain Casner (6, 7, 15). He was mustered in as a private in company K, perhaps by L T Mattack (1, 6, 7 [Lt D H Lentz], 18).

He was severely wounded on 3 May 1863 at Chancellorsville, and was sent to the hospital at Portsmouth Grove, Rhode Island (1, 2, 13 [missing], 14 [missing], 15). He suffered a gunshot wound of his left side (15). He was reported missing in action on 7 May 1863 (3). On 19 May 1963, he was reported gained from missing in action (4).

He returned to the regiment on 23 April 1864, but was in poor enough condition that he had to be under the surgeon's care (2, 5). He was detailed to assist in the division hospital on 8 May 1864, and remained there until the wounded had been removed (2).

He was returned to the Portsmouth Grove hospital, and on 28 June 1864, the regiment had not heard from him (2). He had apparently been charged with desertion then, and his wife had requested that the charge be removed (2). Gregory supported her request (2).

He was discharged on 6 January 1865 by general order (1), or on 21 December 1864 at Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, when his term expired (12, 15 [Jan 1865]). He had served for twenty-seven months (9). He was a private, in company K (18). The regiment was not notified until 20 April 1864 (12).

After the war

On 10 April 1867, he applied successfully for a pension (10, 11).

In 1870, he was living in the West Ward of Lewistown, Mifflin County, Pennsylvania (16). He was living with his wife Hannah, and his daughters Mary Ida and Effie (16). He was a tailor, and owned $100 in personal property (16).

In 1880, he was living on Grande Street, in the West Ward of Lewistown, Mifflin County, Pennsylvania (17). He was living with his wife Hannah L, and daughters Mary and Effie (17). He was a tailor (17).

On 23 May 1885, he was admitted from Pennsylvania to the National Home for Disabled Volunteer Soldiers, Central Branch, in Dayton, Ohio (9, 15). He had a wound in his side, and was receiving a pension of $4 per month (9). He had gray eyes, and gray hair (15). He was a tailor (15). He had been living in Lewiston, Pennsylvania (15). He was married, to Hannah L Cooper, who was living at Lewiston, Pennsylvania (15). He was receiving a pension of $4.00 per month (15).

In 1885, he was living at the National Home for Disabled Volunteer Soldiers, Central Branch (8). He was admitted on 23 May 1885 (8). He was 55 years old (8). He had a wound in his right or left side (8). He received a pension of $4 per month (8).

On 7 September 1886, he was discharged from the National Home for Disabled Volunteer Soldiers (15).

On 14 April 1896, his widow, Hannah L Cooper, applied successfully from Pennsylvania for a pension (10, 11).

Sources

1 Bates, Samuel Penniman. History of Pennsylvania volunteers, 1861-5. Harrisburg: B. Singerly, state printer, 1869-71. 5 volumes. 'Ninety-first regiment', volume 3, pages 186-233. (In the roster)

2 letter, Gregory to Breck, 28 June 1864

3 consolidated morning report, 91st PA, 7 May 1863 (Wm R Cooper)

4 consolidated morning report, 91st PA, 19 May 1863 (W R Cooper)

5 consolidated morning report, 91st Pennsylvania, 23 April 1864 (Cooper)

6 company K, descriptive roll (Wm R Cooper)

7 company K, third descriptive roll (William R Cooper)

8 National Home for Disabled Volunteer Soldiers. Report of Managers of the National Home for Disabled Volunteer Soldiers, transmitting the report of the said board for the year ending June 30, 1885. January 7, 1886. Serial Set volume 2415, session volume 10, 49th Congress, 1st Session, House Miscellaneous Document 38, page 173 (William R Cooper)

9 Letter from the President of the Board of Managers of the National Home for Disabled Volunteer Soldiers, transmitting the report of the Board for the year ending June 30, 1887. Serial Set volume 2565, session volume 1, 50th Congress, 1st Session, House Miscellaneous Document 86, page 221 (William A [sic] Cooper)

10 pension index, by name (William R Cooper)

11 pension index, by regiment, 91st PA Infantry, company K (William R Cooper)

12 company K, monthly report, April 1865 (Wm R Cooper)

13 'The ninety-first Pennsylvania volunteers', Philadelphia Press, Wednesday 13 May 1863, page 2 (Wm R Cooper)

14 'The Ninety-first Pennsylvania at Chancellorville', Philadelphia Inquirer 13 May 1863, page 8 (William R Cooper)

15 US National Homes for Disabled Volunteer Soldiers, 1866-1938, Dayton, Registers, C, transcribed from Ancestry, 25 January 2011 (William R Cooper)

16 1870 US census, Pennsylvania, Mifflin County, Lewistown, West Ward, microfilm series M593, film 1375, page 368 = 20 [17?] handwritten (William R Cooper)

17 1880 US census, Pennsylvania, Mifflin County, Lewistown, West Ward, supervisor's district 7, enumeration district 175, microfilm series T9, film 1156, page 132 = 13 A handwritten (W R Cooper)

18 index to compiled service records of volunteer Union soldiers who served in organizations from the state of Pennsylvania (William R Cooper)

Sources checked unsuccessfully

pension index by name
Ancestry index (accessed April 2006)
Find a grave
accessed 25 January 2011
one possible entry: a William Cooper born 1841, died 1888, buried at Saint Johns Lutheran Church, Lewistown, Mifflin County, Pennsylvania; since no Hannah Cooper (or any other Cooper) was also buried there, and the Find-a-grave memorial does not list any military service, I am dubious that this is the correct William Cooper

1870 census

[1870 US census, Pennsylvania, Mifflin County, Lewistown, West Ward, microfilm series M593, film 1375, page 368 = 20 [17?] handwritten]
line5678
Dwelling-house number148   
Family number165   
NameCooper William R" Hannah" Mary Ida" Effie
Age403542
SexMFFF
ColorWWWW
OccupationTaylor [sic]Keeping homeAt homeAt home
Real estate value    
Personal estate value100   
Birthplace" [sc. Pennsylvania]"""
Father foreign born    
Mother foreign born    
Birth month if born within year    
Marriage month if married within year    
Attended school past year    
Can't read    
Can't write    
Deaf, dumb, blind, etc.    
Male US citizen at least 21 years old1   
Male US citizen at least 21 years old who can't vote ...    

1880 census

[1880 US census, Pennsylvania, Mifflin County, Lewistown, West Ward, supervisor's district 7, enumeration district 175, microfilm series T9, film 1156, page 132 = 13 A handwritten]
line27282930
street nameGrande Street
house number    
dwelling visit #140   
family visit #155   
nameCooper W. R. - Hannah L.- Mary- Effie
colorWWWW
sexMFFF
age48451412
month born if born in year    
relationship wifedaudau
single  11
married11  
widowed/divorced    
married during year    
occupationTailorKeeping house  
months unemployed    
currently ill?    
blind    
deaf/dumb    
idiotic    
insane    
disabled    
school this year    
can't read    
can't write    
birthplacePaPaPaPa
father's birthplacePaPaPaPa
mother's birthplacePaMdPaPa

index to compiled service records

[index to compiled service records of volunteer Union soldiers who served in organizations from the state of Pennsylvania]
[transcribed 24 Mar 2014, from Fold3]


Cooper William R
Co. K, 91 Pennsylvania Inf.
Pvt | Pvt
See also [blank]

GENERAL INDEX CARD.

Register of the National Soldiers Home

[US National Homes for Disabled Volunteer Soldiers, 1866-1938, Dayton, Registers, C, transcribed from Ancestry, 25 January 2011]

13199 William R. Cooper.

MILITARY HISTORY
Time and Place of Each Enlistment.April 1861
Harrisburgh Pa
Dec 1861
Phila Pa
Rank.PriPri
Company and Regiment.25 Pa. Logan GuardK 91 Pa Inf
Time and Place of Discharge.3 July 1861
Harrisburgh Pa
Jan 1865 Phila Pa
Cause of Discharge.Ex of term
3 Mos.
Ex of term
Disabilities when Admitted to the Home.GSW l side
May 3 /63 Chancellorsville Va


DOMESTIC HISTORY
Where Born.Pa Phila
Age.55
Height.5 8-1/2
Complexion.[illegible]
Color of Eyes.gray
Color of Hair.gray
Occupation.Tailor
Residence Subsequent to Discharge.Lewiston Pa
Married or Single.Married
Name and Address of Nearest Relative.Wife Hannah L
Lewiston Pa


HOME HISTORY.
Rate of Pension.Date of Admission Re-Admission and Transfer.Condition of Re-admission.Date of Discharge and Transfer.Cause of Discharge.Date of Death.Cause of Death.
$4 00
#90.771
May 23 1885 Sept 7. 86Dpd GO 26  

GENERAL REMARKS
PAPERS.
Annual Ex.
Admission Paper1
Army Discharge 
Certificate of Service 
Pension Certificate1
EFFECTS
Cash 
Pension Money 
Personal 
Total 

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revised 24 Mar 14
contact Harry Ide at hide1@unl.edu with comments or questions