91st PA--George J Crouse

George J Crouse

Before the war

He was born in 1816/17 (6 (44 in 1861), 7 (44 in 1861), 8 (44 in 1861), 10 [44 in 1860], 11 [63 in 1880]). He was born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania (6, 8, 10, 11).

In 1860, he was living in the 19th ward of Philadelphia, Pennsylvania (10). He was a blacksmith (10). He was living with his wife Julianna, and eight other people (presumably their children) (10).

When he enlisted, he was a smith [?] (8).

Description

When he enlisted, he was 5 feet 8 inches tall, and had a light complexion, hazel eyes, and grey hair (6, 7, 8).

During the war

He enlisted and was mustered into service on 15 October 1861 (1, 6, 7, 8). He was enlisted for three years, at Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, by Captain Casner (6, 7, 8). He was mustered in, at Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, as a private in company K, by Captain Bell (1, 6, 7, 8, 16).

On 26 April 1862, he deserted from Carroll Barracks, Washington DC (5, 14). He remained absent until 20 August 1863, when he was returned to his Company, under arrest (3, 5, 14).

In August 1863, he was tried by a Court including two members of the 91st Pennsylvania (Joseph H Sinex and Francis Gregory) (14, 15). He was charged with desertion (14). He pled guilty to the specification, but not guilty of the charge (14). The Court found him guilty of the charge and the specification (14). He was sentenced to make good all time lost by desertion, to forfeit all pay and allowances that were due him or would become due him, except for necessary food and clothing, and to work at hard labor for ten hours each day for the remainder of his service (2, 14). On 5 September 1863, the regiment ordered that the sentence be carried out (2).

On 30 April 1865, he was reported absent at Fort Delaware, "SGM" [probably sentence of general [court] martial] (13).

On 27 April 1865, he was dishonorably discharged by general order #191 (7). (According to a crossed-out entry on the 10 June 1864 morning report, he was dropped from the rolls because of something about the sentence (see also 5). According to Bates, he was not accounted for when the regiment mustered out (1).) He was a private, in company K (16).

After the war

In 1880, he was living in Camden, New Jersey (11). He was a blacksmith (11). He was living with his wife Julia, and his children Joseph, Julia, Josephine, and Henry (11).

On 24 October 1892, his widow, Juliann Crouse, applied unsuccessfully from New Jersey for a pension (9, 12).

Sources

1 Bates, Samuel Penniman. History of Pennsylvania volunteers, 1861-5. Harrisburg: B. Singerly, state printer, 1869-71. 5 volumes. 'Ninety-first regiment', volume 3, pages 186-233. (In the roster)

2 special order 72, HQ 91st PA, 5 September 1863

3 consolidated morning report, 91st PA, 20 Aug 1863 (Private Crouse)

4 crossed-out entry: consolidated morning report, 91st Pennsylvania, 10 June 1864 (Pri Crouse)

5 company K, register of deserters, entry 19 (George J Crouse [?])

6 company K, descriptive roll (George J [?] Crouse)

7 Civil War Veterans' Card File, available at the Pennsylvania State Archives, searched 3 May 2005 (George J Crouse)

8 company K, third descriptive roll (George J Crouse)

9 pension index, by name (George J Crouse)

10 1860 US census, Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, 19th ward, microfilm series M653, film 1170, page 559 = 89 handwritten (George Crough [sic])

11 1880 US census, New Jersey, Camden, 2nd precinct 7th ward, supervisor's district 3, enumeration district 55, microfilm series T9, film 774, page 385 = 25A handwritten (George J Crouse)

12 pension index, by regiment, 91st PA Infantry, company K (George J Crouse)

13 company K, monthly report, April 1865 (George J Crouse [?])

14 general order 40, Head Quarters 5th Army Corps, Camp and Beverly Ford, Virginia, 1 September 1863 (George J Crouse)

15 National Archives Archival Research Catalog (accessed 24 July 2010) (George J Crouse)

16 index to compiled service records of volunteer Union soldiers who served in organizations from the state of Pennsylvania (George J Crouse)

Sources checked unsuccessfully

1890 US census, veterans schedules
Ancestry index (accessed May 2007)
Find a grave
accessed 4 October 2010)

finding and sentence, court martial

[from court-martial record (received in response to a request for the record for the trial of John McCoy (D))]
Head Quarters 5th Army Corps
Camp at Beverly Ford Va
Sept 1. 1863

General Order No 40

I Before a General Court Martial of which Col D. T. Jenkins 146th New York Vols is president convened at Camp of 3rd Brigade 2nd Division by virtue of Special Order No 179 of August 18th 1863, from these HeadQuarters, were arraigned and tried:

...

15. Private George J Crouse Co K 91st Penna Vols.

Charge Desertion
Specification In this, that George J Crouse Private of Company K 91st Regt Penna Vols did absent himself from his company without authority from his Commanding Officer, on or about April 27th 1862, at Carroll hill [sic] Barracks Washington D.C., and did remain absent until August 20th 1863, when he was returned to his Company under arrest. This at Carroll hill Barracks Washington D.C., on or about April 27th 1863.

To which the prisoner pleaded as follow:

To the Specification Guilty
To the Charge Not Guilty

Finding and Sentence: The Court after mature deliberation find the prisoner as follows:

Of the Specification Guilty
Of the Charge Guilty

And does therefore sentence him Private George J. Crouse of Compy "K" 91st Penna Vols "To make good the time lost by desertion, and to forfeit all pay and allowances due, or that may become due him, except for necessary food and clothing, during the balance of his term of service and to work at hard labor, ten hours a day for the same period under charge of the guard, at such place as the reviewing officer may direct."

1860 census

[1860 US census, Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, 19th ward, microfilm series M653, film 1170, page 559 = 89 handwritten]
[This is the best candidate I've found for George Crouse; note that his wife and one child match the George Crouse in the 1880 census]
line3456789101112
Dwelling number667         
Family number703         
NameGeorge CrouchJulianna "Eliza "Amelia "Mary "Margaret "EdwinGeorgeJosephJames
Age443220181614121032/12
SexMFFFFFMMMM
ColorWWWWWWWWWW
OccupationBlacksmith         
Value of real estate owned          
Value of personal estate          
Place of birthU.S. Pa.BadenUS Pa"""""""
Married within year          
Attended school within year      11  
Cannot read & write          
Deaf, dumb, blind, etc.          

1880 census

[1880 US census, New Jersey, Camden, 2nd precinct 7th ward, supervisor's district 3, enumeration district 55, microfilm series T9, film 774, page 385 = 25A handwritten]
line454647484950
street name[illegible]
house number810     
dwelling visit #258     
family visit #271     
nameCrouse George J- Julia A- Joseph- Julia A- Josephine- Henry
colorWWWWWW
sexMFMFFM
age635522171513
month born if born in year      
relationship WifeSonDaughterDaughterSon
single  1111
married11    
widowed/divorced      
married during year      
occupationBlacksmithKeeping houseMachinistWeaverAt hoomeAt school
months unemployed      
currently ill?      
blind      
deaf/dumb      
idiotic      
insane      
disabled      
school this year     [blank (sic)]
can't read      
can't write      
birthplacePennsylvaniaBadenNew JerseyPennsylvaniaPennsylvaniaPennsylvania
father's birthplacePaBadenPaPaPaPa
mother's birthplacePaBadenBadenBadenBadenBaden

index to compiled service records

[index to compiled service records of volunteer Union soldiers who served in organizations from the state of Pennsylvania]
[transcribed 25 Mar 2014, from Fold3]


Crouse George J.
Co. K, 91 Pennsylvania Inf.
Pvt | Pvt
See also [blank]

GENERAL INDEX CARD.

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revised 25 Mar 14
contact Harry Ide at hide1@unl.edu with comments or questions