91st PA: James Barr Diehl

James Barr Diehl

picture of James Diehl
Thanks to Joe Fulginiti for this image

Before the war

He was born in 1839/40, in Elizabeth, Pennsylvania. [sources: date: 12 (21 in 1861), 21 (38 in 1880), 24 (45 at death in 1886?), 31 (18 in 1860). place: 21, 24, 31]

In 1850, he was living in Elizabeth, Allegheny County, Pennsylvania. He was living with his (presumed) parents CF and Elizabethy Diehl, his (presumed) siblings Sarah and Charles Diehl, with James Diehl (perhaps a cousin?), and two other people. His father was a merchant, and owned $4,000 in real estate. [source: 36]

In 1860, he was living in ward 15, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. He was living with his (presumed) parents C F and Elizabeth Deal, his (presumed) siblings Sarah and Charles Deal, and with a servant (31). His father was a merchant, but did not report owning and real estate. [source: 31]

When he enlisted, he was living in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. [source: 12]

During the war

He enlisted and was mustered into service on 7 October 1861. He enlisted at Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. He was mustered in as a first lieutenant, at Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, by Captain Dye. He was first lieutenant in company D. [sources: 1, 9, 11, 12, 18, 24, 27, 28, 29]

On an undated recruiting poster, he is listed as company D's first lieutenant. [source: 13]

On 29 June 1862, he, along with the other commissioned officers in the regiment (except Colonel Gregory), signed a statement denying accusations that they were on the verge of open mutiny, that the regiment had been reduced to 400 men, and that Colonel Gregory was too lenient to Confederates and too harsh to men in the regiment. [source: 17]

Brigadier General Tyler detailed him as aide-de-camp on 4 November 1862. He was still detailed there on 7 February 1863, 28 August 1863, 14 November 1863, and 7 March 1864. [sources: 4 (28 Aug 63), 5 (14 Nov 63), 6 (7 Mar 63), 10 (7 Feb 63), 24]

While serving as Brigadier General Tyler's Aide during the Battle of Fredericksburg, he conveyed to Colonel Gregory (commanding the 91st PA) and to Lieutenant-Colonel Rowe (commanding the 126th PA) orders to retreat across the river. When Colonel Gregory did not want to leave until his detached company E returned, he assured Colonel Gregory that the order had been conveyed to Captain Lentz. Unfortunately, he was wrong. [source: 22]

On 30 January 1863, Andrew Brown wrote his father and sister that C F Diehl (apparently the father of James B Diehl) was holding $45 for them. Presumably Brown sent the money with James B Diehl on a visit home. Brown usefully notes that 'Diehl' was pronounced 'Deal'. The address was 624 North 16th Street, above Wallace, between Coates and Green. [source: 30]

On 3 May 1863, he was present at the Battle of Chancellorsville. General Tyler sent him to tell Colonel Gregory to advance. When he learned that Gregory had been injured, he told Major Lentz, who found Lieutenant Colonel Sinex, and informed him, about 10-15 minutes before the regiment retreated. [source: 26]

He was commissioned captain on 16 December 1863, but he refused the commission. [source: 12]

On 4 July 1864, he was the only commissioned officer in company D, which had 37 enlisted men present for duty, and a total of 74 enlisted men. (He was absent, on detached service.) [sources: 7, 37]

He was discharged on 24 July 1864 on surgeon's certificate of disability, by special order 186, War Department, 25 July 1864. He was still aide-de-camp to Brigadier General Tyler when he resigned. He was first lieutenant, of company D. [sources: 1, 2 (resigned), 7 (25 Jul), 8, 9 (25 Jul), 12 (24 Jul), 15 (25 Jul), 24 (25 Jul), 27, 28, 29]

After the war

He married Mary G [unknown family name], perhaps in 1862/63. She was born in February 1844, in Pennsylvania. They apparently had six children, including these:

[sources: 21, 34 (37 yrs married, but it's crossed out; 6 children, 2 living in 1900), 35 (6 children 1 living in 1910)]

He was an original member of the Military Order of the Loyal Legion of the United States. [source: 16]

From 1870 through 1872, he was living at 502 Spruce, and working with his father in C F Diehl & Son. [source: 32]

On 11 December 1872, he was mustered into George G Meade Post, Number 1, Department of Pennsylvania, of the Grand Army of the Republic. [source: 24]

In 1880, he was living on 1735 Lambert Street, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. He was a clerk. He was living with his wife Mary, and his daughters Geneve and Mabel. [source: 21]

He died on 23 March 1886. He was still a member of the George Meade Post, GAR, which made "a liberal donation" for the funeral expenses. He was buried in the National Cemetery in Arlington, Virginia, section 13 site 13,650. Lincoln Post, number 3, Department of the Potomac, GAR, provided full GAR services. [sources: 24 (26 Mar 1886 (?)), 25 (23 Mar 1886)]

He worked in the Post Office Department (presumably of the GAR). For six or seven months before his death, he couldn't work because of his illness, and his daughter had worked for him. After his death, the George Meade Post Number One supported her permanent appointment to the job, and she was appointed. [source: 24]

On 13 November 1886, his widow, Mary G Diehl, applied successfully from Washington DC for a pension. Her pension certificate was dated 9 September 1887, and she received a pension of $17 per month, retroactive to 13 November 1886. [sources: 14, 23, 33]

In 1900, his widow, Mary G Diehl, was living at 2011 Twelfth Street, Washington, DC. She was living with her daughter Genevra and son William B. [source: 34]

In 1910, his widow, Mary G Diehl, was living at 50 Rhode Island Avenue, precinct 10, Washington, DC. She was living with her daughter Genevra and a boarder. [source: 35]

On 30 January 1916, his widow, Mary G Diehl, died. [source: 33]

On 21 August 1916, a reimbursement order was issued, payable to Genevra B DIehl, 50 Rhode Island Avenue, NE Washington DC. [source: 33]

Sources

1 Bates, Samuel Penniman. History of Pennsylvania volunteers, 1861-5. Harrisburg: B. Singerly, state printer, 1869-71. 5 volumes. 'Ninety-first regiment', volume 3, pages 186-233. (In the roster.)

2 Official Army Register

3 Thomas F Walter. 'Personal recollections and experiences of an obscure soldier'. Grand Army Scout and Soldiers' Mail volume 3 number 45 page 2. [Possible reference]

4 letter, Sinex to Marvin, 28 August 1863

5 letter, Gregory to Marvin, 14 November 1863

6 letter, Sinex to Marvin, 7 March 1864

7 letter, Sellers to [unnamed] Captain, 4 July 1864

8 special order 184, HQ Middle Department, Eighth Army Corps, Baltimore, 25 July 1864 (James B Diehl)

9 regimental descriptive book (James B Diehl)

10 consolidated morning report, 7 February 1863

11 company D, list of commissioned officers (James B Diehl)

12 Civil War Veterans' Card File, available at the Pennsylvania State Archives, searched 30 July 2004 (James B Diehl)

13 recruiting poster, company D, Colonel Gregory's regiment (Jas B Diehl)

14 pension index, by name (James B Diehl)

15 consolidated morning report, 91st Pennsylvania, 1 August 1864 (J B Diehl)

16 "Original Companions of the Military Order of the Loyal Legion of the United States" (James B Diehl)

17 'Ninety-first Pennsylvania Regiment'. Philadelphia Inquirer, 11 July 1862, page 2 (James B Diehl)

18 'Camp Chase at Gray's Ferry' Philadelphia Inquirer 19 October 1861 page 8 (- Drihl)

19 'Camp Chase', Philadelphia Inquirer 30 November 1861 (JB Diehl)

20 'Departure of Col. Gregory's regiment', Philadelphia Inquirer 22 January 1862 page 2 (JB Diehl)

21 1880 US census, Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, supervisor's district 1, enumeration district 629, microfilm series T9, film 1188, page 254 C= 27 handwritten (James B Diehl)

22 court-martial record, trial of James B Bonsall, 3 January 1863, and trial of D B Baker, 3 January 1863, National Archives, Record Group 153 (Judge Advocate General, Army), file KK691; and court-martial record, trial of James B Bonsall, 12 January 1863, and trial of D B Baker, 12 January 1863, National Archives, Record Group 153 (Judge Advocate General, Army), file KK664 (Lieutenant Diehl)

23 pension index, by regiment, 91st PA Infantry, company D (James B Diehl)

24 History of George Meade Post Number One , page 221 [image 463 of 560 on Google Books] (James B Diehl)

25 FindAGrave memorial 32158965 (accessed 20 September 2010) (James Barr Diehl) [identification confirmed by reference to his service]

26 National Archives and Records Administration, Record Group 153: Records of the Office of the Judge Advocate General (Army), 1792-1982, general court martial, 25 May 1863 (Lieut Diehl)

27 index to compiled service records of volunteer Union soldiers who served in organizations from the state of Pennsylvania (James B Deihl)

28 index to compiled service records of volunteer Union soldiers who served in organizations from the state of Pennsylvania (James B Deihle)

29 index to compiled service records of volunteer Union soldiers who served in organizations from the state of Pennsylvania (James B Diehl)

30 letter, Andrew Brown to his father and sister, 30 January 1863, in his father's pension certificate file (WC 134,972) (C F Diehl)

31 1860 US census, Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, ward 15, microfilm series M653, film 1165, page 146 = 146 handwritten (FamilySearch) (James B Deal)

32 select city directories, transcribed 26 December 2014, from Fold3

33 Veterans administration, pension payment cards 1907-1933 (James B Diehl)

34 1900 US census, Washington DC, microfilm series T623, film 160, enumeration district 53, page 129 = 14 A handwritten (FamilySearch) (Mary G Diehl)

35 1910 US census, Washington, DC, precinct 10, microfilm series T624, film 155, page 17 = 1 A handwritten (FamilySearch) (Mary G Diehl)

36 1850 US census, Pennsylvania, Allegheny County, Elizabeth, microfilm series M432, film 747, page 146 recto = 291 handwritten (FamilySearch) (James Diehl)

37 consolidated morning report, 4 July 1864

Sources checked unsuccessfully

1870 US census
Ancestry and FamilySearch indices (accessed 26 December 2014)
the 1870, 1871, and 1872 city directories (accessed on Fold3, 26 December 2014) all have James B Diehl living at 502 Spruce Street; he is not there in the census
see 1870 US census, Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, first enumeration, ward 4, district 14, microfilm series M593, film 1390, page 294 verso = 86 handwritten
see 1870 US census, Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, second enumeration, ward 5, district 14, pages 73 recto = 21 handwritten (520 to 512 Spruce) and 73 verso=22 handwritten (510 to 500 et seq Spruce)
here's the evidence; note that the only members of dwelling 545 are Eugene and Ann Duffy:
1st enumeration 2nd enumeration 1871 city directory
pagedwellingfamilynameoccupation page#name 1871 Gopsill's
86541798Margaret Davison [??]none listed ? [Ancestry has 'Derman'; I couldn't find either]
? 21512Margaret & Geo W Downs [?] ?
86541799Joseph L Oslercoal dealer 21512Jos L Osler 'Osler Joseph L, coal, 323 Walnut, h 512 Spruce' (p.1107)
86542800Andrew Allisonliquor dealer 22510Andrew Allison 'Allison Andrew, liquors, 212 S Front, h 510 Spruce' (p.145)
[no entry] [no entry] 'Smith Jacob, h 510 N 10th' (p.1311)
86543801James Youngreal estate agent 22508James Young 'Young James, real estate, 508 Spruce' (p.1531)
86543801Andrew J Youngreal estate agent 22508Andrew Young 'Young Andrew J., clerk, 508 Spruce' (p.1529)
[no entry] 22506Martin Richard [no entry--Martin Richard at 4414 Harrison Myk p.1190]
[no entry] 22506Henry Paul (15) and Evelin (35) Truefitt 'Truefitt Henry P., clk, 212 Church, h 506 Spruce' (p.1411)
86544802Elizabeth Baylitts [?]none listed 22504[no entry] 'Baylitts Elizabeth, wid Davis B., h 504 Spruce' (p.196)
[no entry] 22504Elizabeth Vales [no entry]
86544802Elizabeth Buctchor [??]none listed 22504Lizzie Buckman [Ancestry has 'Buchskor'; I couldn't find either, but 'Buckmann Benjamin B., carpener, h 504 Spruce' on p.288)
[no entry] [no entry] 'Cunningham Theodore H., salesman, 409 Market, h 504 Spruce' (p.409)
86544802John T Kingeditor 22504John [?] King [no entry]
86545803Eugene Duffy (56) with Ann (48)none listed22502Eunue [??] Duffy 'Duffy Eugene, liquors, 301 S Water, h 502 Spruce' (p.477)
87546804William Jamesartist [no entry] [no entry]
87546804Geo W Crossland [?]confectioner 22500Geo W Crosland 'Crosland George W., confectioner, S 5th c Spruce' (p.402)
1890 US census, veterans schedules
Ancestry index (accessed May 2007)
1920 US census
Ancestry index (accessed 26 December 2014)
1930 US census
Ancestry index (accessed 26 December 2014)
1940 US census
Ancestry index (accessed 26 December 2014)

Display



James Barr Diehl in the 91st PA database

History of GAR post

[History of George Meade Post Number One , page 221 [image 463 of 560]

On April 5th, a communication was received from Headquarters, Department of the Potomac, G.A.R., announcing the death of Comrade James B. Diehl, of this Post. The comrade had been employed in the Post Office Department, and for six or seven months his severe illness prevented him from attending to his duties, but the officials of that department had accepted his daughter as his substitute, and now the Department of the Potomac, G.A.R., desired the influence of this Post to secure for her the permanent appointment to the vacancy caused by her father's death. This Post at once adopted strong resolutions, endorsing her for the appointment, and a copy was sent to the Assistant Adjutant General of the Department of the Potomac, G.A.R., and the appointment was made. The Charity Committee of this Post made a liberal donation towards the funeral expenses of our late comrade, and he was buried with full Grand Army services by Lincoln Post, No. 3, Department of the Potomac, in the National Cemetery, at Arlington.

James B. Diehl was born in Elizabeth, State of Pennsylvania. Entered the service as First Lieutenant, Co. D, Ninety-first Regiment, Pa. Volunteers, on the 7th day of October, 1861, served as Aide de Camp, and was discharged, as First Lieutenant, July 25, 1864. He was mustered into George G. Meade Post, No. 1, Department of Pennsylvania, G.A.R., December 11, 1872. Held the office of Adjutant and Officer of the Day, and died March 26, 1886 [?], aged 45 years. Buried in National Cemetery, Arlington, Va.

1850 census

[1850 US census, Pennsylvania, Allegheny County, Elizabeth, microfilm series M432, film 747, page 146 recto = 291 handwritten (FamilySearch)]
[identification is probable, since (1) his apparent father's name matches the name in Andrew Brown's letter (entry 30 above), and there is no other plausible connection to Charles F Diehl in the regiment, and (2) the place matches the birthplace listed in the History of George Meade Post number one transcribed above]
line1516171819202122
Dwellings visited2       
Families visited2       
NameC. F. DiehlElizabeth "Sarah "James "Charles "James "John McKinlyElizbaeth Namlo
Age3833131193/122318
SexMFFMMMMF
Color        
Occupation of males over 15 yearsMerchant     Cork 
Real estate owned4000       
BirthplacePaPaPaPaPaPaPaPa
Married within year        
Attended school within year        
Over 20 & can't read/write        
Deaf, dumb, blind, etc.        

1860 census

[1860 US census, Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, ward 15, microfilm series M653, film 1165, page 146 = 146 handwritten (FamilySearch)]
[identification is probable; see the note on the 1850 census entry transcribed above]
line202122232425
Dwelling number925     
Family number873     
NameC. F. DealElizabeth "Sarah "James B "Charles "Maria McCurdy
Age434020181021
SexMFFMMF
Color      
OccupationMerchant    Servant
Value of real estate owned      
Value of personal estate      
Place of birth" [sc. Pennsylvania]""""Ireland
Married within year      
Attended school within year      
Cannot read & write      
Deaf, dumb, blind, etc.      

1880 census

[1880 US census, Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, supervisor's district 1, enumeration district 629, microfilm series T9, film 1188, page 254 C= 27 handwritten]
[identification is probable, since (1) Mary G's name matches the name of the widow who applied for a pension based on his service, and (2) Geneve's name matches the name of the child living with Mary in the 1900 and 1910 census entries transcribed below]
line41424344
street nameLambert Street
house number1735   
dwelling visit #195   
family visit #214   
nameDiehl, James B- Mary G [?]- Geneve B- Mabel [?]
colorWWWW
sexMFFF
age3836129
month born if born in year    
relationship wifedaughterdaughter
single  11
married11  
widowed/divorced    
married during yearclerkkeeping houseat schoolat school
occupation    
months unemployed    
currently ill?    
blind    
deaf/dumb    
idiotic    
insane    
disabled    
school this year  11
can't read    
can't write    
birthplacePaPaPaPa
father's birthplacePaPaPaPa
mother's birthplacePaPaPaPa

1900 census

[1900 US census, Washington DC, microfilm series T623, film 160, enumeration district 53, page 129 = 14 A handwritten (FamilySearch)]
[identification is confirmed; see the note on the 1910 census entry transcribed below]
line131415
streetTwelfth street
house number2011  
dwelling number214  
family number252  
nameDiehl Mary G- Genevra- William B
relationshipHeadDaughterSon
colorWWW
sexFFM
birth dateFeb 1844May 1868Sept 1880
age563219
married?WdSS
# years married37  
mother of how many children?6  
# of children living2  
birthplacePennsylvaniaPennsylvaniaPennsylvania
father's birthplacePennsylvaniaPennsylvaniaPennsylvania
mother's birthplacePennsylvaniaPennsylvaniaPennsylvania
immigration year   
# years in USA   
naturalized citizen?   
occupationNO [?[]Government clerkClerk - Bldg Assn
# months not employed 00
# months in school   
can readYesYesYes
can writeYesYesYes
speaks EnglishYesYesYes
owned/rentedR  
free or mortgaged   
farm/houseH  
# of farm schedule   

1910 census

[1910 US census, Washington, DC, precinct 10, microfilm series T624, film 155, page 17 = 1 A handwritten (FamilySearch)]
[identification is confirmed by (1) Mary's name's matching the widow's name in the pension indices, (2) the location matching the location from which Mary applied for a pension, (3) Genevra's name's matching the name of the person who received the reimbursement order, and (4) the address matching the address to which the reimbursement order was sent]
[in both the Ancestry and FamilySearch indices, the family name is recorded as 'Duhl', but I am confident it is 'Diehl'; I have submitted a correction to Ancestry (26 December 2014)]
line789
streetRhode Is [?]
house nr50  
dwelling nr2  
family nr2  
nameDiehl Mary G- Genevra BCharnis Leon
relationshipHeadDaughterBoarder
sexFFM
colorWWW
age664141
marital statusWdSS
#years present marriage   
mother of # children6  
mother of # living children1  
birthplacePennsylvaniaPennsylvaniaSwitzerland (French)
father's birthplacePennsylvaniaPennsylaniaSwitzerland (French)
mother's birthplacePennsylvaniaPennsylvaniaSwitzerland (French)
immigrated   
naturalized/alien   
speaks EnglishEnglishEnglishEnglish
occupationNoneClerkClerk
nature of industry etc. Marter [???] BureauWar Dept
employer etc. WW
out of work 15 Apr 1910? NoNo
# weeks out of work 1909 00
can readYesYesYes
can writeYesYesYes
school since 1 Sep 09   
owned/rentedR [??]  
owned free or mortagaged   
farm/houseH  
nr on farm schedule   
civil war vet   
blind   
deaf & dumb   

index to compiled service records

[index to compiled service records of volunteer Union soldiers who served in organizations from the state of Pennsylvania]
[transcribed 26 Mar 2014, from Fold3]


Deihl James B
Co. D, 91 Pennsylvania Inf.
1" Lt | 1" Lt
REFERENCE CARD.
Original filed under
Diehl James B
     or James

GENERAL INDEX CARD.


[card 2, transcribed 27 March 2014]

Deihle James B
Co. D, 91 Pennsylvania Inf.
1" Lt | 1" Lt.
REFERENCE CARD.
Original filed under
Diehl James B
     or James

GENERAL INDEX CARD.


[card 3, transcribed 28 March 2014]

Diehl James B
     or James
Co. D, 91 Pennsylvania Inf.
1" Lt | 1" Lt
See also [blank]

GENERAL INDEX CARD.

city directories

[select city directories, transcribed 26 December 2014, from Fold3]
Biddle's and McElroy's 1863 Philadelphia directory, page 201 (accessed 26 December 2014, on Fold3)
'Diehl Charles F., mer. 3d & Arch, h 624 N 16th'
1870 Gopsill's Philadelphia directory, p.456
'Diehl James B. (C. F. Diehl & Son), h 502 Spruce'
Gopsill's 1871 Philadelphia directory p.447
'Diehl James B. (C. F. Diehl & Son), h 502 Spruce'
'Diehl Charles F. (C. F. Diehl & Son), h Delaware co'
1872 Gopsill's Philadelphia directory, p.418
'Diehl James B. (C. F. Diehl & Son), h 502 Spruce'

VA pension payment card

[Veterans administration, pension payment cards 1907-1933]
[transcribed 26 December 2014, from FamilySearch]
[I did not transcribe the payment information on the back of the card]


NAME: Diehl Mary G. Dead
Certificate No. 235928
ARMY WIDOW
Law: Civil War.
Name of Soldier: James B. Diehl
Service: First Lieutenant. D. 91. Penn. Vol. Inf.
ISSUES.
CLASS.RATE.DATE OF COMMENCEMENT.DATE OF CERTIFICATE.
 1713. Nov. 18869 Sept. 1887
MINORS [blank]

Transferred from: WASHINGTON, D.C.
Transferred to: [blank]
Died: Jan. 30. 1916.
Bureau notified 3-1881 [?] Feb 24 1916
Remarks: Check No. 1107595 Dated 4 Mch 1916 Canceled.
Died Jany 30 1916 Reimbursement order dated Aug. 21 /16 payable to Genevra B. Diehl 50 Rhode Island Ave, N.E. Washington D.C.
Former Roll No. [blank] AUG 29 1916

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revised 26 Dec 14
contact Harry Ide at hide1@unl.edu with comments or questions