91st PA: John Edgar, Jr

John Edgar, Jr

picture of John Edgar
Thanks to Joe Fulginiti for this image

Before the war

He was born in 1838/40, in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, probably to John Edgar and Anna Jane [unknown family name]. [sources: date: 16 (24 in 1863), 17 (22 in 1861), 18 (22 in 1861), 22 (20 in 1860), 23 (11 in 1850). place: 17, 18, 23. parents: 22, 23]

In 1850, he was living in the 1st ward of Spring Garden, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. He was living with John and Anna Jane Edgar (presumably his parents), Robert and Henrietta (presumably his siblings), and with Martha Eaken and Ann Righter. He had attended school within the year. [source: 23]

On 7 May 1853, his mother, Anna Jane Edgar, died, in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. She died of phthisis pulmonalis. She was buried in Monument Cemetery. [source: 26]

In 1860, he was living in the 13th ward, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. He was living with John and Rachel Edgar (perhaps his father and his stepmother?), Robert and Henrietta (presumably his siblings), and with Margaret Surly [?]. He was an apprentice to a bookbinder. [source: 22]

When he enlisted, he was a book finisher, and was living in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. [sources: 16, 17, 18]

Description

When he enlisted, he was 5 feet 6-1/2 inches tall, and had a light complexion, blue eyes, and dark brown hair. [sources: 16 (brown hair), 17 (dark brown hair), 18 (dark hair)]

During the war

He enlisted and was mustered into service on 9 September 1861 or 9 October 1861, in company G. He was enlisted for three years, at Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, by Lieutenant Peirce. He was mustered in as a private, at Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. [sources: 1 (9 Sep), 15 (9 Oct), 16 (9 Oct), 17 (9 Oct), 27 (cpl)]

He was promoted on 9 October 1861 to corporal. [source: 1]

He fought at the Battle of Gettysburg. [source: 21]

In July 1863, he registered for the draft. He was a bookbinder, and was single. [source: 24]

He was promoted to sergeant on 26 December 1863, by special order 5. [sources: 1, 5, 15, 16]

He reenlisted as a veteran volunteer on 26 December 1863, at Bealton, Virginia. He was enrolled for three years, by Lieutenant Swan. [sources: 1, 16, 18]

On 30 October 1864, he received a commission as First Lieutenant from the Governor of Pennsylvania. On 31 October 1864, Sellers asked that he be discharged to enable him to accept that commission. He was promoted to first lieutenant on 1 November 1864, perhaps effective 10 October 1864, by special order 271, Headquarters 5th Army Corps. [sources: 1, 6, 13 (has both 10 Oct 64 and 1 Nov 64), 16, 17, 18 (to date from 1 Nov), 19]

On 6 November 1864, he was assigned to command company D in addition to his present command (G). On 11 November 1864, Captains John Donnell, William Michael, and Lieutenant John Graham were appointed a board of survey to determine for how much government property in company D he was responsible. On 14 November 1864, Adam Murphy was assigned to command company D. [sources: 7, 8]

On 30 November 1864, he was assigned to command company B in addition to his other command. [source: 9]

On 1 January 1865, he was relieved from command of company B, and ordered to turn over the public property to John Partenheimer. [sources: 10]

He went on leave on 7 January 1865; it expired on 22 January 1865. [source: 11 (citing special order 6, Army of Potomac)]

On 27 January 1865, he and other officers met near Petersburg Virginia and adopted a testimonial to Captain James Closson, who had died in November 1864, of wounds received in action. [source: 4]

He was killed on 6 February 1865 at Hatcher's Run, Virginia. The Philadelphia newspaper death notice on 24 February 1865, says only that a funeral would be held '[i]f the body is recovered'. He was first lieutenant of company G. [sources: 1, 2, 3, 14, 16, 20, 25, 27]

Bates and Welch both call him Captain Edgar, but the Official Army Register calls him a first lieutenant. Perhaps he was promoted to, but never mustered in as, Captain. [sources: 1 (p.192), 2, 3]

Sources

1 Bates, Samuel Penniman. History of Pennsylvania volunteers, 1861-5. Harrisburg: B. Singerly, state printer, 1869-71. 5 volumes. 'Ninety-first regiment', volume 3, pages 186-233. (In the roster, and on p.192)

2 Official Army Register

3 Address of Chaplain Joseph Welch, Pennsylvania at Gettysburg, vol. 1 (1914), pp.500-507, at p.506.

4 testimonial to James Closson, adopted 27 Jan 1865

5 special order 5, HQ 91st PA, 26 December 1863
[Although the order is dated 26 Dec 63, it is between orders dated 16 Feb 64 and 22 Feb 64, and the order number fits in the 1864 sequence, but not in the 1863 sequence. It was therefore probably issued in February 1864.]

6 letter, Sellers to Tayman, 31 October 1864

7 special order 105, HQ 91st PA, 6 November 1864 John Edgar Jr.

8 special order 107, HQ 91st PA, 7 November 1864

9 special order 115, HQ 91st PA, 30 November 1864

10 special order 2, HQ 91st PA, 4 January 1865

11 undated officers' furlough list, in regimental letter, order, guard, and furlough book (John Edgar, Jr)

12 [undated and untitled chart with officers' names] (two references: John Edgar Jr, and Lt Edgar)

13 company G, list of commissioned officers (John Edgar Jr)

14 company G, register of deaths (John Edgar Jr)

15 company G, list of non-commissioned officers (John Edgar Jr)

16 Civil War Veterans' Card File, available at the Pennsylvania State Archives, searched 29 January 2005 (John Edgar Jr)

17 company G, descriptive roll, entry 12 (John Edgar Jr)

18 company G, second descriptive roll, entry [2] (John Edgar Jr [?])

19 consolidated morning report, 91st Pennsylvania, 5 November 1864 (Sergt Edgar)

20 consolidated morning report, 91st Pennsylvania, 15 February 1865 (Lt Edgar)

21 Pennsylvania Memorial, Gettysburg, Pennsylvania (John Edgar)

22 1860 US census, Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, ward 13, microfilm series M653, film 1163, page 510 = 90 handwritten (John Edgar)

23 1850 US census, Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, Spring Garden, ward 1, microfilm series M432, film 818, page 301 = 604 handwritten = 36 handwritten to page 302 = 605 handwritten = 37 handwritten (John Edgar)

24 Civil War draft registration records, 1863-1865, National Archives and Records Administration, record group 110, Pennsylvania, Third Congressional District, page 181, no. 56 (John Edgar Jr)

25 death notice, Philadelphia inquirer, Friday 24 February 1865, page 5 (John Edgar Jr.)

26 [not transcribed] death certificate, Philadelphia Pennsylvania, 7 May 1853, Anna Jane Edgar (available on FamilySearch)

27 index to compiled service records of volunteer Union soldiers who served in organizations from the state of Pennsylvania (John Edgar Jr)

Sources checked unsuccessfully

pension index, by name
Ancestry index (accessed 29 March 2006)
1870 US census
Ancestry and FamilySearch indices (accessed 29 September 2013)
1880 US census
Ancestry and FamilySearch indices (accessed 29 September 2013)
1890 US census, veterans schedule
Ancestry index (accessed 29 March 2006)
1900 US census
Ancestry and FamilySearch indices (accessed 29 September 2013)
1910 US census
Ancestry and FamilySearch indices (accessed 29 September 2013)
1920 US census
Ancestry and FamilySearch indices (accessed 29 September 2013)
1930 US census
Ancestry and FamilySearch indices (accessed 29 September 2013)
1940 US census
Ancestry and FamilySearch indices (accessed 29 September 2013)
RootsWeb WorldConnect
accessed 29 September 2013
Philadelphia Pennsylvania death certificates
LDS pilot index (accessed 31 May 2009)
Find a grave
accessed 29 September 2013
Pennsylvania veterans burial cards, 1777-1999
Ancestry index (accessed 29 September 2013)
records of headstones of deceased Union veterans, 1879-1903
FamilySearch index (accessed 29 September 2013)
headstone applicationsfor US military veterans, 1925-1949
FamilySearch index (accessed 29 September 2013)

Display


John Edgar Jr in the 91st PA gedcom on RootsWeb WorldConnect

John Edgar Jr in the 91st PA database

1850 census

[1850 US census, Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, Spring Garden, ward 1, microfilm series M432, film 818, page 301 = 604 handwritten = 36 handwritten to page 302 = 605 handwritten = 37 handwritten]
[identification is uncertain]
line383940414212
Dwellings visited200      
Families visited218      
NameJohn EdgarAnna Jane "John "Robert "Henrietta "Martha EakenAnn Righter
Age48351146/122450
SexMFMMFFF
Color       
Occupation of males over 15 yearsBookbinder      
Real estate owned3.500      
BirthplaceN. YorkPa"""IrelandPa
Married within year       
Attended school within year  1    
Over 20 & can't read/write       
Deaf, dumb, blind, etc.       

1860 census

[1860 US census, Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, ward 13, microfilm series M653, film 1163, page 510 = 90 handwritten]
[identification is uncertain]
line8910111213
Dwelling number611     
Family number612     
NameJohn EdgarRachel "Robert "John "Henrietta "Marg. Surly [?]
Age563613201022
SexMFMMFF
Color      
OccupationBookbinder  App to Book Bind Domestic
Value of real estate owned12,000     
Value of personal estate6,000     
Place of birthN York"Penna""Wurtemberg
Married within year      
Attended school within year  1 1 
Cannot read & write      
Deaf, dumb, blind, etc.      

index to compiled service records

[index to compiled service records of volunteer Union soldiers who served in organizations from the state of Pennsylvania]
[transcribed 31 Mar 2014, from Fold3]


Edgar John Jr
Co. G, 91 Pennsylvania Inf.
Cpl | 1 Lt
See also [blank]

GENERAL INDEX CARD.

draft registration

[Civil War draft registration records, 1863-1865, National Archives and Records Administration, record group 110, Pennsylvania, Third Congressional District, page 181, no. 56]
[transcribed 29 September 2013, from Ancestry, image 364 of 763]


SCHEDULE I.--CONSOLIDATED LIST of all persons of CLASS I, subject to do military duty in the Third Congressional District, consisting of the 12th 13th 16th 17th 18th & 19th Wards, City of Philadelphia, State of Pennsylvania, enumerated during the months of May + June, 1863, under direction of Capt Jacob Stretch [?], Provost Marshal.

RESIDENCE. Franklin St
NAME. 19 Edgar Jr John
DESCRIPTION.
AGE 1st July 1863. 23
WHITE OR COLORED. do [sc. White]
PROFESSION, OCCUPATION, OR TRADE. Bookbinder
MARRIED OR UNMARRIED. do [sc. Single]
PLACE OF BIRTH. do [sc. Penna]
FORMER MILTARY SERVICE. 91st P.V.
REMARKS. [blank]

death notice

[death notice, Philadelphia inquirer, Friday 24 February 1865, page 5]
[transcribed 29 September 2013, from GenealogyBank]

EDGAR.--Killed at the battle of Hatcher's Run, on the 6th instant, Lieutenant JOHN EDGAR, Jr., Company G, Ninety-first Regiment Pennsylvania Veteran Volunteers.

If the body is recovered due notice will be given of the funeral.


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revised 31 Mar 14
contact Harry Ide at hide1@unl.edu with comments or questions