91st PA: Andrew Jackson Friend

Andrew Jackson Friend

Before the war

He was born on 17 April 1836, in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, to Andrew B Friend and Rebecca Parent. [sources: date: 19, 21, 25; 10 (26 in 1861), 12 (29 probably at reenlistment), 16 (78 in 1914), 17 (24 in 1860), 18 (40 in 1880), 22 (15 in 1850), 24 (73 in 1910). place: 12, 17, 18, 19, 22, 24, 25. parents: 21, 25]

In 1850, he was living in Moyamensing, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. He was living with Rebecca Friend (his mother), and others. He had not attended school within the year. [source: 22]

In 1857/58, he married Mary Elizabeth Hughes. She was born in April 1837, in Pennsylvania. In 1900, she had had nine children, five of whom were alive. Their children include:

[sources: 16, 17, 18, 19, 23, 25]

In 1860, he was living in the first ward of Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. He was living with his wife Mary and son Andrew. He was a laborer, and owned $50 in personal property. [source: 17]

When he enlisted, he was a painter, and was living in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. [sources: 10; 12 seems to begin 'Coa']

Description

When he enlisted, he was 5 feet 9-1/2 inches tall, and had a light complexion, hazel eyes, and light hair. He had a heavy scar on his left leg. [sources: 10 (5'9", fair complexion, hazel eyes, brown hair), 12 (5'9-1/2", light complexion, hazel eyes, light hair)]

During the war

He enlisted and was mustered into service on 23 October 1861. He was enlisted for three years, at Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, by Captain Keyser. He was mustered in as a private, at Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. He was a private in company B. [sources: 1, 10, 12, 20, 27]

He was transferred to company C. [source: 1]

He fought at the Battle of Gettysburg. [source: 15]

He was probably absent on leave from about 17 August 1863 through 21 August 1863. He was reported absent without leave on 22 August 1863. He returned on 26 August 1863. [sources: 6, 7, 8, 9]

He reenlisted as a veteran volunteer on 26 December 1863, at Bealton, Virginia. [sources: 1, 10]

On 23 September 1864, he was promoted to corporal, effective 1 September 1864. [source: 2]

He went on a ten-day furlough on 23 October 1864. It was scheduled to end on 2 November 1864, but was extended to 10 November 1864. He returned. [sources: 4, 14]

On 26 March 1865, he was promoted to sergeant from corporal, effective 1 March 1865. [sources: 1, 3, 10, 11]

He mustered out on 10 July 1865 with his company. He was a sergeant, in company C. [sources: 1, 10, 27]

After the war

In 1870, he may have been living in Cornplanter Township, Venango County, Pennsylvania. He was living with his wife ME, and children AB, Charles, Grant, and Thomas. He was an eng[ineer] at [a] well. [source: 23]

In 1880, he was living on Martins Village, in the first ward of Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. He was living with his wife Mary, and his children Andrew, Charles, Grant, Thomas, Rebecca, and Annie. He was a laborer. [source: 18]

He successfully applied from Pennsylvania for a pension on 10 September 1890, and again on 19 February 1907. [sources: 5, 13, 20]

In 1900, he was living at 1736 South Water Street, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. He was living with his wife Mary, son Andrew, granddaughter Catherine Hinds, and adopted daughter Annie Naphey [?]. He was a coach painter. [source: 19]

In 1910, he was living at 148 Mifflin Street, ward 39, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. He was living with his wife Eliza, and with Thomas and Susan Friend and their family. He was a painter. [source: 24]

He died at 4.30 AM, on 24 April 1914, at Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, of cystitis, with enlarged prostate as a contributary cause. He was a coach painter then. The funeral was held on Monday at 148 Mifflin Street (his residence). Members of General J F Reynolds Post, Number 71, Grand Army of the Republic were invited to attend. He was buried at Fernwood Cemetery, Delaware County, Pennsylvania. [sources: 13, 16, 20, 21, 25]

On 30 April 1914, his widow, Mary E Friend, successfully applied for a pension. [sources: 5, 13, 20]

In 1917, his widow, Mary Elizabeth Friend, died, in Philadelphia County, Pennsylvania. [source: 25]

Sources

1 Bates, Samuel Penniman. History of Pennsylvania volunteers, 1861-5. Harrisburg: B. Singerly, state printer, 1869-71. 5 volumes. 'Ninety-first regiment', volume 3, pages 186-233. (In the roster) (Andrew J Friend)

2 special order 82, HQ 91st PA, 23 September 1864 (Andrew J Friend)

3 special order 22, HQ 91st PA, 26 March 1865 (Andrew J Friend)

4 enlisted men's furloughs (Corpl Andrew J Friend)

5 pension index, by name (Andrew J Friend) (thanks to Dennis Clowney for sending me this!)

6 consolidated morning report, 22 August 1863 (not named)

7 consolidated morning report, 18 August 1863 (not named) (the previous report is for the 16th; I suspect he had a five-day leave beginning 17 August)

8 consolidated morning report, 21 August 1863 (not named)

9 consolidated morning report, 91st PA, 26 Aug 1863 (Private Friend)

10 Civil War Veterans' Card File, available at the Pennsylvania State Archives, searched 28 June 2004 (Andrew J Friend)

11 company C, List of non-commissioned officers, page 2, sergeants (Andrew J Friend)

12 company C, descriptive roll, entry 92 (Andrew J Friend)

13 pension index, by regiment (Andrew J Friend)

14 consolidated morning report, 91st Pennsylvania, 23 October 1864 (Corpl Friend)

15 Pennsylvania Memorial, Gettysburg, Pennsylvania (Andrew J Friend)

16 [death notice], Philadelphia Inquirer, 26 April 1914, page 14 (Andrew J Friend)

17 1860 US census, Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, 1st division 1st ward, microfilm series M653, film 1151, page 45 = 45 handwritten (Andw Friends)

18 1880 US census, Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, 1st division, 1st ward, supervisor's district 1, enumeration district 1, microfilm series T9, film 1166, page 7 D = 16 handwritten (A J Friend)

19 1900 US census, Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, supervisor's district 1, enumeration district 17, microfilm series T623, film 1451, page 215 A = 3 handwritten (Andrew Friend)

20 pension index, by regiment, 91st PA Infantry, company C (Andrew J Friend)

21 death certificate, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, 24 April 1914 (Andrew Jackson Friend)

22 1850 US census, Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, Moyamensing, microfilm series M432, film 809, page 286 recto = 569 handwritten = 109 handwritten (FamilySearch) (Jackson Friend)

23 1870 US census, Pennsylvania, Venango County, Cornplanter township, post office Oil City, microfilm series M593, film 1459, page 180 recto = 161 handwritten (FamilySearch) (H A Friend)

24 1910 US census, Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, ward 39, supervisor's district 1, enumeration district 971, microfilm series T624, film 1409, page 97 = 2 A handwritten (FamilySearch) (Andrew Friend)

25 'Goldberg family tree', a family tree on Ancestry.com, accessed 10 January 2013 [includes a picture of him and his wife] (Andrew Jackson Friend)

26 Find a grave, memorial 65663376, created by Lizann, added 15 Feb 2011, accessed 10 January 2013 (Andrew Jackson Friend)

27 index to compiled service records of volunteer Union soldiers who served in organizations from the state of Pennsylvania (Andrew J Friend)

Sources checked unsuccessfully

1890 US census, veterans schedule
Ancestry index (accessed November 2005, and again on 25 December 2012)
1920 US census
FamilySearch index (accessed 25 Dec 2012)
1930 US census
FamilySearch index (accessed 25 Dec 2012)
applications for headstones for military veterans, 1925-1941
FamilySearch index (accessed 10 Jan 2013)
Pennsylvania veterans burial cards 1777-1999
Ancestry index (accessed 10 Jan 2013)

Display


Andrew Jackson Friend in the 91st PA gedcom on RootsWeb WorldConnect

Andrew Jackson Friend in the 91st PA database

1850 census

[1850 US census, Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, Moyamensing, microfilm series M432, film 809, page 286 recto = 569 handwritten = 109 handwritten (FamilySearch)]
[identification is uncertain]
[the FamilySearch indexer read his personal name as 'Jaihson']
line1415161718192021
Dwellings visited761       
Families visited897       
NameRebecca FriendAmanda WatsonAngelica FriendJackson doWilliam doCharles doThomas doGeorge Young
Age4225171512819m20
Sexfffmmmmm
Colorwwwwwwww
Occupation of males over 15 years       Plumber
Real estate owned        
BirthplaceN JerseyPennsylvaniadodododododo
Married within year        
Attended school within year    11  
Over 20 & can't read/write        
Deaf, dumb, blind, etc.        

1860 census

[1860 US census, Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, 1st division 1st ward, microfilm series M653, film 1151, page 45 = 45 handwritten]
[identification is uncertain]
line161718
Dwelling number257  
Family number284  
NameAndw FriendsMaryAndrew
Age24232
Sexmfm
Color   
OccupationLabourer  
Value of real estate owned   
Value of personal estate50  
Place of birth" [sc. Phila]""
Married within year   
Attended school within year   
Cannot read & write   
Deaf, dumb, blind, etc.   

1870 census

[1870 US census, Pennsylvania, Venango County, Cornplanter township, post office Oil City, microfilm series M593, film 1459, page 180 recto = 161 handwritten (FamilySearch)]
[identification is speculative, given the location, occupation, and his initials, but the wife's and childrens' names and ages do match closely those in other census records]
line8910111213
Dwelling-house number1243     
Family number1246     
NameFriend H. A.- M.E.- A.B.- Charles- Grant- Thomas
Age3835121064
SexMFMMMM
ColorWWWWWW
OccupationEng at wellKeeping houseAt schoolAt school  
Real estate value      
Personal estate value      
BirthplacePennsylvaniaPennsylvaniaPennsylvaniaPennsylvaniaPennsylvaniaPennsylvania
Father foreign born      
Mother foreign born      
Birth month if born within year      
Marriage month if married within year      
Attended school past year  11  
Can't read      
Can't write      
Deaf, dumb, blind, etc.      
Male US citizen at least 21 years old1     
Male US citizen at least 21 years old who can't vote ...      

1880 census

[1880 US census, Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, 1st division, 1st ward, supervisor's district 1, enumeration district 1, microfilm series T9, film 1166, page 7 D = 16 handwritten]
[identification is likely, given the 1910 census entry transcribed below]
line1112131415161718
street nameMartins Villige [sic]
house number        
dwelling visit #133       
family visit #133       
nameFriend, A.J.- Mary E.- Andrew B.- Charles- Grant- Thomas- Rebecca- Annie
colorWWWWWWWW
sexMFMMMMFF
age404021191513106
month born if born in year        
relationship WifeSonSonSonSonDaughterDaughter
single  111111
married11      
widowed/divorced        
married during year        
occupationLaborerKeeping HouseLaborerLaborerLaborerAt schoolAt schoolAt home
months unemployed        
currently ill?        
blind        
deaf/dumb        
idiotic        
insane        
disabled        
school this year     11 
can't read        
can't write        
birthplacePennsylvaniaPennsylvaniaPennsylvaniaPennsylvaniaPennsylvaniaPennsylvaniaPennsylvaniaPennsylvania
father's birthplacePennaPennaPennaPennaPennaPennaPennaPenna
mother's birthplacePennaPennaPennaPennaPennaPennaPennaPenna

1900 census

[1900 US census, Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, supervisor's district 1, enumeration district 17, microfilm series T623, film 1451, page 215 A = 3 handwritten]
[identification is likely, given the 1910 census entry transcribed below]
line4546474849
streetSo. Water
house number1736    
dwelling number48    
family number49    
nameFriend Andrew- Mary E- Andrew BHinds CatharineNaphey [?] Annie
relationshipHeadWifeSonG. DaughterAdopted Daughter
colorWWWWW
sexMFMFF
birth dateApr 1836Apr 1837Aug 1858Aug [?] 1884Aprl 1877
age666541528
married?MMWdSM
# years married4242  1
mother of how many children? 9  1
# of children living 5  1
birthplacePennsylvaniaPennsylvaniaPennsylvaniaPennsylvaniaPennsylvania
father's birthplaceIrelandIrelandPennsylvaniaPennsylvaniaPennsylvania
mother's birthplaceIrelandIrelandPennsylvaniaPennsylvaniaPennsylvania
immigration year     
# years in USA     
naturalized citizen?     
occupationPainter (Coach) Lead Burner  
# months not employed0 0  
# months in school     
can readyesyesyes yes
can writeyesyesyes yes
speaks Englishyesyesyes [?] yes
owned/rentedR    
free or mortgaged     
farm/houseH    
# of farm schedule     

1910 census

[1910 US census, Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, ward 39, supervisor's district 1, enumeration district 971, microfilm series T624, film 1409, page 97 = 2 A handwritten (FamilySearch)]
[identification is confirmed by the address in the death notice (which refers to his service in the 91st)]
line3435363738394041
streetMifflin St
house nr148       
dwelling nr23       
family nr23       
nameFriend Thomas- SusanDaniels Lydia- JamesFriend Robert- Armstrong- Andrew- Eliza
relationshipheadwifeDaughterSon in lawSonSonFather in lawMother in law
sexmffmmmmf
colorwwwwwwww
age4137192317157372
marital statusM1M1M1M1SSM1M1
#years present marriage22226/126/12  [blank][blank]
mother of # children 3     12
mother of # living children 3     6
birthplacePennaPennaPennaPennaPennaPennaPennaPenna
father's birthplacePennaPennaPennaPennaPennaPennaPennaIreland
mother's birthplacePennaPennaPennaPennaPennaPennaPennaPenna
immigrated        
naturalized/alien        
speaks EnglishEnglishEnglishEnglishEnglishEnglishEnglishEnglishEnglish
occupationForemannonenoneBook KeeperPrinter [?]Errand Boy [?]Painternone
nature of industry etc.Gas works  Insurance OfficeOffice BldgOffice  
employer etc.w  wwww 
out of work 15 Apr 1910?no  nononoyes 
# weeks out of work 19090  000  
can readyesyesyesyesyesyesyesyes
can writeyesyesyesyesyesyesyesyes
school since 1 Sep 09        
owned/rentedR       
owned free or mortagaged        
farm/houseH       
nr on farm schedule        
civil war vet        
blind        
deaf & dumb        

index to compiled service records

[index to compiled service records of volunteer Union soldiers who served in organizations from the state of Pennsylvania]
[transcribed 14 Apr 2014, from Fold3]


Friend, Andrew J.
Co. B C, 91 Pennsylvania Inf.
Pvt. | Sgt.
See also [blank]

GENERAL INDEX CARD.

death notice

[Philadelphia Inquirer, 26 April 1914, page 14 (reprint of 25 April 1914 page 7)]

FRIEND.-April 24, 1914. ANDREW J., husband of Elizabeth Friend (nee Hughes), aged 78 years. Relatives and friends and General J. F. Reynolds Post, No. 71, G.A.R., and Co. C, 91st Regiment Penna. Volunteers, are invited to attend funeral, on Monday, at 1 P.M., from late residence, 148 Mifflin st. Remains may be viewed Sunday, 7 to 10 P.M. Interment at Fernwood Cemetery.

death certificate

[death certificate, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, 24 April 1914, Andrew Jackson Friend]
[source: www.familysearch.org (viewed 21 Oct 08)]

CERTIFICATE OF DEATH.
COMMONWEALTH OF PENNSYLVANIA
DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH
BUREAU OF VITAL STATISTICS.
File No. [blank]
Registered No. 6976
11149

1. PLACE OF DEATH.
County of PHILADELPHIA,
City of PHILADELPHIA.
Registration District No. 1.
(No. 148 Mifflin St., 39th Ward.)
2. FULL NAME Andrew Jackson Friend
PERSONAL AND STATISTICAL PARTICULARS
3. SEX Male
4. COLOR OR RACE White
5. Married
6. DATE OF BIRTH April 17, 1836
7. AGE 78 yrs. [blank] mos. 7 ds.
8. OCCUPATION Coach Painter
9. BIRTHPLACE Phila
10. NAME OF FATHER Andrew B. Friend
11. BIRTHPLACE OF FATHER Phila
12. MAIDEN NAME OF MOTHER Rebecca Parent
13. BIRTHPLACE OF MOTHER Phila
14. THE ABOVE IS TRUE TO THE BEST OF MY KNOWLEDGE
(Informant) J. Wesley Bowen
(Address) 1018 Sth 2 St
15. Filed APR 25 1914
Nena [?] R. Deardorff Local Registrar

MEDICAL CERTIFICATE OF DEATH
16. DATE OF DEATH (Month) 4 (Day) 24 (Year) 1914
17. I HEREBY CERTIFY, That I attended deceased from April 8th 1914, to April 24 1914, that I last saw him alive on April 23rd 1914, and that death occurred, on the date stated above, at 4.30 AM. The CAUSE OF DEATH was as follows:
Cystitis (Duration) [blank]
Contributory (Secondary) Enlarged prostate (Duration) [blank]
(Signed) Wm. S. Heglin M.D.
(Address) 1703 So Broad
18. LENGTH OF RESIDENCE FOR TRANSIENTS OR RECENT RESIDENTS [blank]
19. PLACE OF BURIAL OR REMOVAL Fernwood Cemetery
DATE OF BURIAL April 27 1914
20. UNDERTAKER E. Bowen and Sons
ADDRESS 1018 S. 2 St

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revised 14 Apr 14
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