91st PA: Francis Henry Gregory

Francis Henry Gregory

picture of Francis Gregory
Thanks to Joe Fulginiti for this image

Before the war

He was born on 27 July 1828 or 1829, to Edgar M Gregory and Ellen Young (5, 42). He was born in New York (43). He was 37 years old in 1870 (43).

He worked with his father in the lumber business (5).

He attended Woodward High School, in Cincinnati, Ohio (39).

In 1850, he was living with his parents in Cincinnati, Hamilton County, Ohio, and was a clerk (7). According to the census, he was 24 years old, and had been born in New York (7).

About 1856, he married Mary Ann Fletcher (42). She was born in Bristol, England, in 1837 (42). They had three children (42, 45 [4 children 3 alive in 1900], 46 [4 children 3 alive in 1910]):

During the war

He was mustered into service in company A on 2 September 1861 (1, 31). He was appointed first lieutenant on 25 September 1861 (18), apparently effective 2 September 1861 (29, 36, 51).

On 29 June 1862, he, along with the other commissioned officers in the regiment (except Colonel Gregory), signed a statement denying accusations that they were on the verge of open mutiny, that the regiment had been reduced to 400 men, and that Colonel Gregory was too lenient to Confederates and too harsh to men in the regiment (35).

On 15 July 1862, 22 July 1862, 4 August 1862, 3 September 1862, 16 September 1862, and 18 September 1862 he was apparently in Philadelphia Pennsylvania, recruiting.

On 26 July 1862, he was present in the Provost Marshall's Office, in Alexandria Virginia, when Captain Bowman hit Lieutenant Kayser, and testified at Bowman's court martial (24).

On 15 December 1862, at the end of the battle of Fredericksburg, he was in charge of the front line of pickets (2).

On 17 March 1863, he was on leave for eight days (21). He had returned on 26 March 1863 (22).

On 27 March 1863, he was promoted from first lieutenant to captain, effective 18 January 1863, when Frank Gilbert had resigned (1, 18, 23, 29).

On 9 April 1863, Gregory certified that Garret Hurst died of typhoid fever which he had contracted in the line of his duty, as part of Hurst's widow's pension application (40).

On 4 June 1863, he and Captain John Casner (K) were under arrest (25). On the next extant report, from 9 June, they were reported present for duty (26).

He fought at the Battle of Gettysburg (34).

On 5 August 1863, Frederick Fraters was employed as his cook--the only enlisted man in the regiment employed as an officers' servant, cook, etc. (8). (A list from 29 September does not mention him as having a cook.) On 10 December 1863, John Coster began working as his cook, and was still his cook on 30 December (9).

He served on a general court martial beginning 19 August 1863, which tried (among others) John McCoy (D) (41).

On 8 September 1863, he was present sick (27). He had returned to duty by 18 September 1863 (28).

Lieutenant Brass was ordered to report to him on 18 September 1863 (10).

He was appointed to a Board of Survey on 3 October 1863, which inventoried and reported the condition of public property transferred from Captain Bowman to Morris Kayser (11).

He remained in Philadelphia in March 1864, after the regiment had arrived at the front (3). Surgeon Knight placed him in the hospital at Chester Pennsylvania on 2 March 1864 (14). He was released from hospital on 19 April 1684 (14). Colonel Gregory placed him in charge of a detachment of recruits, and he and the recruits left for the regiment on 20 April 1864 (14). On 27 April 1864, Sinex reported that he was absent sick in Philadelphia, without authority (12). Walter says that in June 1864 rumor had him avoiding the front because of fear (3). While there, he enlisted various recruits, including Charles Young, co E (14 Feb 1864), Charles Poulson, co E (2 March 1864), John Montieth co E (16 March 1864), William Carney, co E (10 March 1864), Jerome B Jacobs (27 Mar 1864) (6).

He left Alexandria, Virginia, with Theodore Hope, on 2 May 1864 (13). They arrived at Culpepper on 3 May 1864 (13). They left Culpepper on the 4th (13). When they stopped at Brandy Station, and could not learn where the regiment was, the provost marshall told them to follow the 5th corps wagon train until they found the regiment, which they did on 9 May 1864 (13). Sinex arrested him and Hope, on orders of General Ayres, but also ordered him to the front of the regiment (13). He stayed there until he became ill, and was sent to the division hospital (13). On 20 June 1864, he sent an explanation of his arrest to regimental adjutant Tayman (13). On 25 June 1864, Brigadier General Griffin, the division commander, ordered him released and restored to duty, since his explanation of his absence was satisfactory (15).

On 9 July 1864, John Coster was reported as his servant (32).

On 20 July 1864, he certified various facts about Albert J Quick's death (48).

On 7 September 1864, he had not filed an ordnance return for the second quarter of 1864 (16).

On 24 September 1864, he was appointed a member of a council of administration (17).

On 28 September 1864, John Donnell was ordered to turn over to Gregory his surplus ordnance and stores (19).

On 12 October 1864, William Michaels (commanding company F) was assigned to command company A also, and ordered to give Gregory receipts for all ordnance, ordnance stores, and other property (20).

On 9 October 1864, he certified various facts about the death of Francis Cole (49).

He was discharged on 13 October 1864, when his term expired (1, 4, 18 [12 Oct], 31 [11 Oct], 33). He was captain of company A (51).

After the war

He was a bridge builder, and lived in Philadelphia (5).

On 10 May 1865, he certified various facts about the death of Francis Cole (49).

In October 1868, he testified to the identity of Anna Simpson, as part of her application for a pension based on the service of her son, Robert Simpson (50). He also testified that he had known Simpson for three years before he enlisted, that Simpson was a 'sound and hearty man when he enlisted', and to various facts about Simpson's last illness and death (50). The prothonotary added this note: 'I certify that deponent is a highly respectable citizen, entitled to full credit and belief' (50).

In 1870, he was living in ward 2, Danville, Montour County, Pennsylvania (43). He was living with his wife Mary, and children Augusta and Francis (43). He was an iron bridge builder, and owned $300 in personal property (43).

On 6 March 1877, he died (42).

In 1880, his widow Mary A Gregory was living at 1648 North 13th Street, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania (44). She was living with their children Augusta, Francis, and William (44).

On 21 October 1885, his widow, Mary A Gregory, successfully applied from Pennsylvania for a pension (30, 52).

In 1890, his widow, Mary A Gregory, was living in Westmoreland County, Pennsylvania (post office Deery Station) (31).

In 1900, his widow, Mary A Gregory, was living in Derry, Westmoreland County, Pennsylvania (45). She was living with their children Augusta and Elbert (45).

In 1910, his widow, Mary A Gregory was living on Chestnut Street, in Derry, Westmoreland County, Pennsylvania (46). She was living with their children Augusta and Elbert (46).

In 1920, his widow, Mary A Gregory was living on Chestnut Street, in Derry, Westmoreland County, Pennsylvania (47). She was living with their children Augusta and Elbert (47).

She died on 9 June 1927 (42).

Sources

1 Bates, Samuel Penniman. History of Pennsylvania volunteers, 1861-5. Harrisburg: B. Singerly, state printer, 1869-71. 5 volumes. 'Ninety-first regiment', volume 3, pages 186-233. (In the roster)

2 Edgar Gregory, report of action at Frederickburg, p.439

3 Thomas F Walter,'Personal recollections and experiences of an obscure soldier', Grand Army Scout and Soldiers' Mail volume 3 number 38 page 2; number 44 page 2; number 48 page 1; number 52 page 1.

4 Official Army Register

5 Grant Gregory, Ancestors and descendents of Henry Gregory. Provincetown, Mass: 1938. Page 322. [information supplied by Gregory B Smith]

6 descriptive roll, company E (entries 143-147)

7 1850 United States census, Ohio, Hamilton County, page 46, line 37 (Francis H Greggary)

8 letter, Sinex to Marvin, 5 August 1863

9 letter, Sellers to Marvin, 30 December 1863

10 special order 83, HQ 91st PA, 18 September 1863

11 special order 101, HQ 91st PA, 3 October 1863

12 letter, Sinex to Fowler, 27 April 1864

13 letter, F Gregory to Tayman, 20 June 1864

14 letter, Gregory to Bennett, 16 June 1864

15 special order 84, HQ 1st division, 5th corps, Army of Potomac, 25 June 1864

16 letter, Sellers to Bennett, 7 September 1864

17 special order 85, HQ 91st PA, 24 September 1864

18 regimental descriptive book (FH Gregory)

19 special order [unnumbered], HQ 91st PA, 28 September 1864

20 special order 94, HQ 91st PA, 12 October 1864

21 consolidated morning report, 91st PA, 17 March 1863 (Lieut Gregory)

22 consolidated morning report, 91st PA, 26 March 1863 (Lieut Gregory)

23 consolidated morning report, 91st Pennsylvania, 27 March 1863 (Lieut Gregory)

24 court-martial record, Alpheus Bowman

25 consolidated morning report, 91st Pennsylvania, 4 June 1863 (not named)

26 consolidated morning report, 91st Pennsylvania, 9 June 1863 (not named)

27 consolidated morning report, 91st Pennsylvania, 8 September 1863 (not named)

28 consolidated morning report, 91st Pennsylvania, 18 September 1863 (not named)

29 register of commissioned officers, company A (FH Gregory)

30 pension index, by regiment (Francis H Gregory)

31 1890 US census, veterans' schedule, Pennsylvania, Westmoreland County, Cokeville and Millwood, supervisor's district 8, enumeration district 173, page [2] (Francis H Gregory)

32 consolidated morning report, 91st Pennsylvania, 9 July 1864 (Capt Gregory)

33 consolidated morning report, 91st Pennsylvania, 13 October 1864 (F H Gregory)

34 Pennsylvania Memorial, Gettysburg, Pennsylvania (F H Gregory)

35 'Ninety-first Pennsylvania Regiment'. Philadelphia Inquirer, 11 July 1862, page 2 (Frank H Gregory)

36 'Camp Chase at Gray's Ferry' Philadelphia Inquirer 19 October 1861 page 8 (F A Gregory)

37 'Camp Chase', Philadelphia Inquirer 30 November 1861 (F H Gregory)

38 'Departure of Col. Gregory's regiment', Philadelphia Inquirer 22 January 1862 page 2 (F H Gregory)

39 John B Shotwell. A History of the schools of Cincinnati. Cincinnati: The School Life Company, 1902. Page 161 (in chapter 17: "WOODWARD IN THE CIVIL WAR", re Woodward High School) (Francis H Gregory)

40 widow's pension file, Mary L Hurst, widow of Garrat Hurst, application dated 15 April 1863, certificate 4521 (F H Gregory)

41 record, general court martial, 23 August 1863, Army of the Potomac, 5th Corps, Garrard's Brigade (Captain F H Gregory)

42 Grant Gregory. Ancestors and descendants of Henry Gregory. Rutland VT: Tuttle Publishing Company, 1938. Page 322 (#1783) (Francis Henry Gregory)

43 1870 US census, Pennsylvania, Montour County, Danville, ward 2, microfilm series M593, film 1380, page 110 = 26 handwritten (Francis H Gregory)

44 1880 US census, Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, supervisor's district 1, enumeration district 405, microfilm series T9, film 1180, page 291 = 11 C handwritten (Mary A Gregory)

45 1900 US census, Pennsylvania, Westmoreland County, Derry Township, Derry Borough [sic], supervisor's district 16, enumeration district 89, microfilm series T623, film 1497, page 149 = 1 B handwritten (Mary A Gregory)

46 1910 US census, Pennsylvania, Westmoreland County, Derry Borough, ward 2, supervisor's district 20, enumeration district 110, microfilm series T624, film 1428, page 119 = 2 A handwritten (Mary A Gregory)

47 1920 US census, Pennsylvania, Westmoreland County, Derry Borough, ward 2, supervisor's district 19, enumeration district 78, microfilm series T625, film 1662, page 169 = 1 A handwritten (Mary A Gregory)

48 widow's pension certificate file, National Archives and Records Administration, record group 15, certificate WC 43,827, Anna D Young widow of Albert Judson Quick (F H Gregory)

49 dependent's pension certificate file, National Archives and Records Administration, record group 15, certificate 63,562, Maria Cole mother of Francis C Cole (F H Gregory)

50 dependent's pension certificate file, National Archives and Records Administration, WC 116,098, Anna Simpson mother of Robert Simpson (F H Gregory)

51 index to compiled service records of volunteer Union soldiers who served in organizations from the state of Pennsylvania (Francis H Gregory)

52 pension index, by name (Francis H Gregory)

Sources checked unsuccessfully

1930 US census
Footnote index (accessed 20 Sep 2010)

Display



Francis H Gregory in the 91st PA database

1870 census

[1870 US census, Pennsylvania, Montour County, Danville, ward 2, microfilm series M593, film 1380, page 110 = 26 handwritten]
line23242526
Dwelling-house number194   
Family number213   
NameGregory Francis H- Mary A- C Augusta- Francis H
Age3731119
SexMFFM
ColorWWWW
OccupationIron Bridge Builder   
Real estate value    
Personal estate value300   
BirthplaceNew YorkEnglandIllinoisPa
Father foreign born 1  
Mother foreign born 111
Birth month if born within year    
Marriage month if married within year    
Attended school past year  11
Can't read    
Can't write    
Deaf, dumb, blind, etc.    
Male US citizen at least 21 years old1   
Male US citizen at least 21 years old who can't vote ...    

1880 census

[1880 US census, Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, supervisor's district 1, enumeration district 405, microfilm series T9, film 1180, page 291 = 11 C handwritten]
[two lines are squeezed in below line 50]
line4950  
street nameNorth 13th Street
house number1648   
dwelling visit #88   
family visit #102   
nameGregory, Mary A" C Augusta" Francis H" William E
colorWWWW
sexFFMM
age45211916
month born if born in year    
relationship DaughterSonSon
single 111
married    
widowed/divorced1   
married during year    
occupationKeeping houseWire Drawer  
months unemployed    
currently ill?    
blind    
deaf/dumb    
idiotic    
insane    
disabled    
school this year    
can't read    
can't write    
birthplaceEnglandIllinoisPennaPenna
father's birthplaceEnglandNew YorkNew YorkNew York
mother's birthplaceEnglandEnglandEnglandEngland

1890 census, veterans schedule

[1890 US census, veterans' schedule, Pennsylvania, Westmoreland County, Cokeville and Millwood, supervisor's district 8, enumeration district 173, page [2]]
[line] 20
[house] 136
[family] 139
[name] Mary A widow of Gregory Francis H.
[rank] Capt.
[company] A
[unit] 91 Pa inf
[enlistment date] 2 Sep 1861
[discharge date] 11 Oct 1864
[length of service] 3 years, 1 month, 9 days
[post office address] Deery Station Westd Co Pa
[disability incurred] [blank]
[remarks] [blank]

1900 census

[1900 US census, Pennsylvania, Westmoreland County, Derry Township, Derry Borough [sic], supervisor's district 16, enumeration district 89, microfilm series T623, film 1497, page 149 = 1 B handwritten]
line596061
street   
house number   
dwelling number16  
family number16  
nameGregory Mary A- Agusta [sic]- Elbert
relationshipHeadDaughterSon
colorWWW
sexFFM
birth dateSept 1834March 1859May 1874
age634126
married?WdSS
# years married   
mother of how many children?4  
# of children living3  
birthplaceEnglandIllinoisPennsylvania
father's birthplaceEnglandNew YorkNew York
mother's birthplaceEnglandEnglandEngland
immigration yearUn  
# years in USAUn  
naturalized citizen?   
occupation  Clerk
['clerk' looks like it might be erased; 'clerk' is definitely written on line 62]
# months not employed  0
# months in school   
can readyesyesyes
can writeyesyesyes
speaks Englishyesyesyes
owned/rentedR  
free or mortgaged   
farm/houseH  
# of farm schedule   

1910 census

[1910 US census, Pennsylvania, Westmoreland County, Derry Borough, ward 2, supervisor's district 20, enumeration district 110, microfilm series T624, film 1428, page 119 = 2 A handwritten]
line363738
streetChestnut Street
house nr   
dwelling nr31  
family nr31  
nameGregory, Mary A-, Augusta C.- Albert W.
relationshipHeadDaughterSon
sexFFM
colorWWW
age735135
marital statusWdSS
#years present marriage   
mother of # children4  
mother of # living children3  
birthplaceEng EnglishIllinoisPennsylvania
father's birthplaceEng EnglishNew YorkNew York
mother's birthplaceEng EnglishEng EnglishEng English
immigrated   
naturalized/alien   
speaks EnglishEnglishEnglishEnglish
occupationNoneNoneClerk
nature of industry etc.  Passenger Dpt
employer etc.  W
out of work 15 Apr 1910?  No
# weeks out of work 1909  0
can readYesYesYes
can writeYesYesYes
school since 1 Sep 09   
owned/rentedO  
owned free or mortagagedF  
farm/houseH  
nr on farm schedule   
civil war vet   
blind   
deaf & dumb   

1920 census

[1920 US census, Pennsylvania, Westmoreland County, Derry Borough, ward 2, supervisor's district 19, enumeration district 78, microfilm series T625, film 1662, page 169 = 1 A handwritten]
line444546
streetChestnut Street
house numberX  
dwelling visit number11  
family visit number11  
nameGregory Mary A- C Augusta- W Elbert
relationshipHeadDaughterSon
own/rentO  
free/mortgaged (if owned)F  
sexFFM
raceWWW
age at last birthday836045
marital statusWdSS
year of immigration[illegible]  
naturalized/alienNa [??]  
year of naturalization   
attended school since Sept 1919   
can readyesyesyes
can writeyesyesyes
birth placeEnglandIllinoisPennsylvania
native languageEnglish  
father's birthplaceEnglandNew YorkNew York
father's native languageEnglish  
mother's birthplaceEnglandEnglandEngland
mother's native languageEnglishEnglishEnglish
can speak Englishyesyesyes
occupationnonenoneAssistant T Master
industry, business  Train Masters Office
employment status  W
number of farm schedule   

index to compiled service records

[index to compiled service records of volunteer Union soldiers who served in organizations from the state of Pennsylvania]
[transcribed 26 Apr 2014, from Fold3]


Gregory, Francis H.
Co. A, 91 Pennsylvania Inf.
1 Lieut | Capt.
See also [blank]

GENERAL INDEX CARD.

[high school]

[source: John B Shotwell. A History of the schools of Cincinnati. Cincinnati: The School Life Company, 1902. Page 161 (in chapter 17: "WOODWARD IN THE CIVIL WAR", re Woodward High School)]
Francis H. Gregory, Capt. 91st Penn. Vols.
Justus A. Gregory, Capt. 91st Penn. Vols.

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