91st PA: Justus Abram Gregory

Justus Abram Gregory

Justus Gregory
Thanks to Joe Fulginiti for this image

Before the war

He was born about 1836, to Edgar M Gregory and Ellen Young (3, 55; 31 (30 in 1861), 32 [46 in 1880], 56 [38 in 1870]). He was born in New York (32).

He was in the lumber business with his father (3).

In 1850, he was living with his parents in Cincinnati, Hamilton County, Ohio, and was a clerk (4). According to the census, he was 20 years old, and had been born in New York (4).

He attended Woodward High School, in Cincinnati, Ohio (52).

He married Ida Murphy (55). (She was born about 1842 (55).) They had three children (55):

During the war

He enlisted at Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, on 7 October 1861 (31, 45). He was mustered into service as second lieutenant on 3 December 1861, at Philadelphia, Pennsylvania (1, 20, 30, 31). He was second lieutenant, in company B (1, 59).

On 29 June 1862, he, along with the other commissioned officers in the regiment (except Colonel Gregory), signed a statement denying accusations that they were on the verge of open mutiny, that the regiment had been reduced to 400 men, and that Colonel Gregory was too lenient to Confederates and too harsh to men in the regiment (40).

In July 1862, he was one of two recruiting officers in Philadelphia for the regiment (47). In August 1862, he was one of two recruiting officers in Philadelphia for the regiment (48, 49, 51). On 22 August 1862, he was the recruiting officer for the regiment in Philadelphia, with a rendezvous at 620 Chestnut Street (44). On 29 August 1862, he enlisted Lewis Montieu (A), at Philadelphia, Pennsylvania (81). On 30 August 1862, he enlisted John R Lynch (B), at Philadelphia, Pennsylvania (74). On 2 September 1862, he enlisted Patrick Halligan and Joseph Mantz, at Philadelphia, Pennsylvania (72, 75). On 4 September 1862, he enlisted Joseph H Cross, at Philadelphia Pennsylvania (64). On 5 September 1862, he enlisted Charles Hart, at Philadelphia, Pennsylvania (68). On 6 September 1862, he enlisted Andrew Harte, at Philadelphia, Pennsylvania (68). On 10 September 1862, he enlisted Joseph Hynes, Samuel Mahan, and Charles Morgan, at Philadelphia, Pennsylvania (69, 77, 80). On 11 September 1862, he enlisted John Horton (D), at Philadelphia, Pennsylvania (71). On 12 September 1862, he was appointed the guardian of Thomas Brooks (B) and enlisted him. On 18 September 1862, he enlisted James Dyson, at Philadelphia, Pennsylvania (62). On 19 September 1862, he enlisted William J Mahard, John Montgomery, Cornelius Rider, and William Robinson, at Philadelphia, Pennsylvania (76, 82, 85, 86). On 20 September 1862, he enlisted Michael McGoldrick (I), at Philadelphia, Pennsylvania (79). On 13 October 1862, he enlisted Jesse Connard (C), at Philadelphia, Pennsylvania (63). On 15 October 1862, he enlisted James Smith (B), at Philadelphia, Pennsylvania (87). On 24 November 1862, he enlisted Adam Guthrie (B), at Philadelphia, Pennsylvania (67). On 21 November 1862, he enlisted Tobias Hudson (D), at Philadelphia, Pennsylvania (70).

He was acting assistant quartermaster for the 3rd [?] division on 7 February 1863 (21) and on 15 February 1863 (5). He returned to duty with the regiment on 10 [?] March 1863 (22 [could be 16 March]).

On 13 May 1863, he and fourteen enlisted men were detailed for duty in the Ambulance Corps (23).

At some point (perhaps before the regiment reenlisted as veteran volunteers in December 1863?) he and James Closson were recruiting for the regiment in Philadelphia (36).

He fought at the Battle of Gettysburg (38).

On 14 August 1863, he was detailed by Brigade Headquarters as Chief of Ordinance for the Brigade (7, 24, 26).

He was a witness to the charges and specifications Joseph Sinex filed against Morris Kayser, and testified in the court martial of Morris Kayser, on 30 July 1863 (8, 25).

On 24 September 1863, he was commissioned, but not mustered in as, first lieutenant (31).

He was relieved from his duty with the ordinance department, and detached with the brigade ambulance on 23 September 1863 (6, 9). He was still there on 14 November 1863 (6). He had returned by 25 November 1863 (27).

He was assigned to duty as Aide-de-Camp for the Colonel commanding the Brigade (apparently his father, Colonel Gregory) on 8 December 1863 (10, 28).

On 17 February 1864, he was detached to the Recruiting Service, in Philadelphia Pennsylvania, by the Superintendent of the Volunteer Recruiting Service (11, 29). On 22 February 1864, four men who had been detailed as a recruiting party were ordered to report to him (14). On 25 February 1864, he enlisted Louis Brosse (57). On 26 February 1864, he was the recruiting officer who enlisted John Lackey (A) (84). On 14 March 1864, he enlisted Stephen O'Brien (B), at Philadelphia, Pennsylvania (84). On 15 March 1864, he enlisted John Bliss's and Charles Flood's, at Philadelphia, Pennsylvania (62, 66). (Both deserted from the recruiting rendezvous (65, 66).) On 22 March 1864, he enlisted Patrick Langan (K) at Philadelphia PA (73). On 5 April 1864, he enlisted William H Cross (A) at Philadelphia, Pennsylvania (65). On 7 April 1864, he enlisted Frank Mackey (B) at Philadelphia, Pennsylvania(78). On 27 April 1864, Sinex reported that he had been relieved from the recruiting service on 13 April, but had not yet returned (12). On 29 April 1864, he was reported returned from detached service (33).

He was acting adjutant starting 14 May 1864 (53). He was acting regimental adjutant on 8 June 1864 (15).

He was wounded on 18 June 1864 at Petersburg, Virginia (1, 1 [p.192], 31).

On 26 June 1864, Colonel Gregory recommended to Governor Curtin that Justus Gregory be appointed regimental quartermaster (13). He was commissioned, but not mustered in as, first lieutenant and regimental quartermaster, on 26 June 1864 (1, 16, 31). On 9 August 1864, as acting regimental quartermaster, he was ordered to take all surplus ordnance and ordnance stores to the nearest post (18).

On 23 September 1864, he was granted leave for 10 days (19).

He was still acting regimental quartermaster on 20 November 1864 (17).

He mustered out when his term expired, on 2 December 1864 (1, 2, 31, 37). He was 2nd lieutenant of company B (59).

After the war

He signed an undated letter of reference for William H Geary (58).

He was in real estate, and lived in Philadelphia (3).

In 1870, he was living in ward 20, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania (56). He was living with his wife Ida and children Edgar, Ellen, and Minnie (56).

In November 1871, he was part of the committee assigned to write a constitution and by-laws for the 91st's Survivor's Association (39). At a meeting setting up the association, "on behalf of himself and the family of the deceased, [he] spoke feelingly of the manner in which his old comrades had shown their respect for his father's memory, and desired that the kindness of Captain Ryan and the State Fencibles, in turning out on the occasion of the funeral, be recognized by the members present" (39).

In 1880, he was living at 2125 Columbia Avenue, Philadelphia (32). He was a clerk in a store (32). He was living with his wife Ida, and children Edgar M, Ellen A, and Minuete E (32).

On 20 October [?] 1890 [?], he successfully applied from Pennsylvania for a pension (34, 35).

He died on 18 July 1897, at 500 E Ellsworth Street, Denver, Colorado, of bronchitis (35, 41, 54, 55 [ca 1903/4]). On 26 July 1897, he was buried at Laurel Hill Cemetery (41, 54). He was buried from 2220 Jefferson Street, 29th ward, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania (54). The train (presumably the one carrying his body) was met at Broad Street Station on Sunday (41).

On 24 July 1897, his widow, Ida Gregory, successfully applied from Pennsylvania for a pension (34, 35).

Ida Gregory, his widow, was staying with Dr DW Bartine and his wife in Ocean City in July 1902 (42).

His widow, Ida Murphy Gregory, died on 20 March 1908 (43, 55 [1907]). The funeral was held on Tuesday (43).

Sources

1 Bates, Samuel Penniman. History of Pennsylvania volunteers, 1861-5. Harrisburg: B. Singerly, state printer, 1869-71. 5 volumes. 'Ninety-first regiment', volume 3, pages 186-233. (In the roster, and on page 192)

2 Official Army Register

3 Grant Gregory, Ancestors and descendents of Henry Gregory. Provincetown, Mass: 1938. Page 322. [information supplied by Gregory B Smith]

4 1850 United States census, Ohio, Hamilton County, page 46, line 39 (Justice H Greggary)

5 special order 9, headquarters 91st Pennsylvania infantry, 15 February 1863.

6 letter, Gregory to Marvin, 14 November 1863

7 special order 47, HQ 91st PA, 14 August 1863

8 charges and specifications preferred against Morris Kayser.

9 special order, HQ 91st PA, 23 September 1863 [unnumbered; between 90 and 91]

10 special order 108, HQ 91st PA, 8 December 1863

11 letter, Sinex to Marvin, 7 March 1864

12 letter, Sinex to Fowler, 27 April 1864

13 letter, Gregory to Governor Curtin, 26 June 1864

14 special order 8, HQ 91st PA, 22 February 1864

15 special order 41, HQ 91st PA, 8 June 1864

16 special order 49, HQ 91st PA, 26 June 1864

17 letter, Sellers to Bartlett, 20 November 1864

18 special order 70, HQ 91st PA, 9 August 1864 (JA Gregory)

19 general order 257, HQ Army of the Potomac, 23 September 1864 (JA Gregory)

20 regimental descriptive book (Justus A Gregory)

21 consolidated morning report, 7 February 1863

22 consolidated morning report, 91st PA, 17 March 1863 (Lieut Gregory)

23 consolidated morning report, 91st PA, 13 May 1863 (Lt Gregory)

24 circulars received, 14 August 1863, Brigade HQ, #16 (J A Gregory)

25 record of Morris Kayser's court martial

26 consolidated morning report, 91st PA, 15 August 1863 (Lieut Gregory)

27 consolidated morning report, 91st PA, 25 November 1863 (Lieut J A Gregory)

28 consolidated morning report, 91st PA, 10 December 1863 (Lt Gregory)

29 consolidated morning report, 91st PA, 17 February 1864 (#1) (Lt Gregory)

30 Co.B, List of commissioned officers (Justus A Gregory)

31 Civil War Veterans' Card File, available at the Pennsylvania State Archives, searched 24 May 2004 (Justus A Gregory)

32 1880 US census, Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, supervisor's district 1, enumeration district 630, microfilm series T9, film 1188, page 269 C = 27 handwritten] (Justice [?] A Gregory)

33 consolidated morning report, 91st PA, 29 April 1864 (Lt Gregory)

34 pension index, by name (Justus A Gregory)

35 pension index, by regiment (Justus A Gregory)

36 recruitment poster (Lieut J A Gregory)

37 consolidated morning report, 91st Pennsylvania, 3 December 1864 (Lt Gregory)

38 Pennsylvania Memorial, Gettysburg, Pennsylvania (J A Gregory)

39 'The Reserves', Philadelphia Inquirer, 18 November 1871, page 2 (J A Gregory)

40 'Ninety-first Pennsylvania Regiment'. Philadelphia Inquirer, 11 July 1862, page 2 (J A Gregory)

41 [death notice]. Philadelphia Inquirer, 25 July 1897, page 17 (J A Gregory)

42 'Ocean City'. Philadelphia Inquirer,. 7 July 1902, section: Summer Magazine, page 2 (Ida Gregory)

43 [death notice] Philadelphia Inquirer, 23 March 1908, page 13; and Philadelphia Inquirer, 24 March 1908, page 5 (Ida Murphy Gregory)

44 'Names of officers detailed for recruiting ...'. Philadelphia Inquirer 22 August 1862, page 5. (J A Gregory)

45 'Camp Chase at Gray's Ferry' Philadelphia Inquirer 19 October 1861 page 8 (A Gregory)

46 'Camp Chase', Philadelphia Inquirer 30 November 1861 (J A Gregory)

47 '$100 bounty', Philadelphia Inquirer 15 July 1862 page 5 (J A Gregory)

48 '$160 bounty', Philadelphia Inquirer 16 August 1862 page 5 (J A Gregory)

49 '$160 bounty', Philadelphia Inquirer 18 August 1862 page 5 (J A Gregory)

50 'Departure of Col. Gregory's regiment', Philadelphia Inquirer 22 January 1862 page 2 (J A Gregory)

51 'Recruits for Philadelphia', Philadelphia Inquirer 28 August 1862, page 3 (reprinted on 29 August 1862 page 6) (Justus A Gregory)

52 John B Shotwell. A History of the schools of Cincinnati. Cincinnati: The School Life Company, 1902. Page 161 (in chapter 17: "WOODWARD IN THE CIVIL WAR", re Woodward High School) (Justus A Gregory)

53 monthly return, company B, May 1864 (Justis A Greogry)

54 transit permit and undertaker's certificate, Philadelphia, Pennsylania, 18 July 1897 (Justice A Gregory)

55 Grant Gregory. Ancestors and descendants of Henry Gregory. Rutland VT: Tuttle Publishing Co., 1938. Page 322 (Justus Abram Gregory)

56 1870 US census, Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, ward 20, district 68, page 95 recto = 45 handwritten to 95 verso = 46 handwritten (Justus Gregory)

57 court-martial record, trial of Louis Brosse, 27-28 May 1864 (and reconsideration on 6 June 1864), National Archives and Records Administration, record group 153 (Judge Advocate General, Army), file NN 1876 (J A Gregory)

58 undated letter, Eli G Sellers, about William H Geary (Justus Gregory)

59 index to compiled service records of volunteer Union soldiers who served in organizations from the state of Pennsylvania (Justus A Gregory)

60 compiled service record, James Dyson (A) (J A Gregory)

61 compiled service record, Thomas Brooks (B) (J A Gregory)

62 compiled service record, John Bliss (B) (volunteer enlistment) (J A Gregory)

63 compiled service record, Jesse Connard (C) (J A Gregory)

64 compiled service record, 91st PA, Joseph H Cross (J A Gregory)

65 compiled service record, 91st PA, William H Cross (J A Gregory)

66 compiled service record, 91st PA, Charles Flood (J A Gregory)

67 compiled service record, 91st PA, Adam Guthrie (J A Gregory)

68 compiled service record, A 91st PA, Charles Hart (J A Gregory)

69 compiled service record, 91st PA, Joseph Hynes (J A Gregory)

70 compiled service record, D 91 PA, Tobias Hudson (J A Gregory)

71 compiled service record, D 91 PA, John Horton (J A Gregory)

72 compiled service record, B 91 PA, Patrick Halligan (J A Gregory)

73 compiled service record, K 91 PA, Patrick Langan (J A Gregory)

74 compiled service record, B 91 PA, John R Lynch (J A Gregory)

75 compiled service record, A 91 PA, Joseph Mantz (J A Gregory)

76 compiled service record, B 91 PA, William J Mahard (J A Gregory)

77 compiled service record, 91 PA, Samuel Mahan (J A Gregory)

78 compiled service record, B 91st PA, Frank Mackey (J A Gregory)

79 compiled service record, I 91st PA, Michael McGoldrick (J A Gregory)

80 compiled service record, 91st PA, Charles Morgan (J A Gregory)

81 compiled service record, A 91st PA, Lewis Montieu (J A Gregory)

82 compiled service record, 91st PA, John Montgomery (J A Gregory)

83 compiled service record, 91st PA, Stephen O'Brien (J A Gregory)

84 compiled service record, A 91 PA, John Leckey (J A Gregory)

85 compiled service record, 91 PA, Cornelius Rider (J A Gregory)

86 compiled service record, 91st PA, William Robinson (J A Gregory)

87

Sources checked unsuccessfully

1890 US census, veterans schedules
Ancestry index (accessed November 2005)

1870 census

[1870 US census, Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, ward 20, district 68, page 95 recto = 45 handwritten to 95 verso = 46 handwritten]
line38394012
Dwelling-house number1712   1712 
Family number[blank]     
NameGregory JustusIdaEdgar MGregory Ellen AMinnie
Age382911101
SexMFMFF
Color     
Occupation     
Real estate value     
Personal estate value     
Birthplace     
Father foreign born     
Mother foreign born     
Birth month if born within year     
Marriage month if married within year     
Attended school past year     
Can't read     
Can't write     
Deaf, dumb, blind, etc.     
Male US citizen at least 21 years old     
Male US citizen at least 21 years old who can't vote ...     

1880 census

[1880 US census, Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, supervisor's district 1, enumeration district 630, microfilm series T9, film 1188, page 269 C = 27 handwritten]
line2526272829
street nameColumbia Avenue
house number2125    
dwelling visit #229    
family visit #286    
nameGregory Justice [?] AIdaEdgar MEllan AMinuete E
colorWWWWW
sexMFMFF
age4639211810
month born if born in year     
relationship wifesondaughterdaughter
single  111
married11   
widowed/divorced     
married during year     
occupationclerk in storekeeping houseclerk in storeat homeat school
months unemployed     
currently ill?     
blind     
deaf/dumb     
idiotic     
insane     
disabled     
school this year    1
can't read     
can't write     
birthplaceNew YorkOhioOhioPennaPenna
father's birthplaceN.Y.OhioN.Y.N.Y.N.Y.
mother's birthplaceN.Y.OhioOhioOhioOhio

index to compiled service records

[index to compiled service records of volunteer Union soldiers who served in organizations from the state of Pennsylvania]
[transcribed 1 May 2014, from Fold3]


Gregory. Justus A.
Co. B, 91 Pennsylvania Inf.
2 Lieut | 2 Lieut.
See also [blank]

GENERAL INDEX CARD.

death notice

[Philadelphia Inquirer, 25 July 1897, page 17]

GREGORY.--In Denver, Col., on Sunday, July 18, 1897, Colonel [sic] J. A. Gregory, of this city, son of the late General E. M. Gregory, aged 66 years. Carriages will meet train Broad Street Station, arriving Sunday at 12 o'clock M., and proceed to Laurel Hill Cemetery.

trip to Ocean City

[Philadelphia Inquirer,. 7 July 1902, section: Summer Magazine, page 2]
OCEAN CITY
[...]

Dr. D. W. Bartine and wife are entertaining Mrs. Ida Gregory, widow of Colonel Gregory and daughter-in-law of the late General E. M. Gregory, at their summer cottage, on Wesley avenue and Eighth street.

[high school]

[source: John B Shotwell. A History of the schools of Cincinnati. Cincinnati: The School Life Company, 1902. Page 161 (in chapter 17: "WOODWARD IN THE CIVIL WAR", re Woodward High School)]
Francis H. Gregory, Capt. 91st Penn. Vols.
Justus A. Gregory, Capt. 91st Penn. Vols.

[death certificate]

[transit permit and undertaker's certificate, Philadelphia, Pennsylania, 18 July 1897, Justice A Gregory]
1987
Burial Permit No. C 6194, OFFICE OF HEALTH COMMISSIONER.
Denver, Colo., July 20th 1897

Permission is Hereby Given I. K. Rogers + Son Und Co. to remove for interment the remains of Justice A. Gregory.

Male
Date of Death, July 18th 1897.
White
Age 66 years [blank] months [blank] days.
Place of Death, No. 500 E Ellsworth Street.
Cause of Death Bronchitis
Medical Attendant M. C. Davis
W. P. Munn M.D.
HEALTH COMMISSIONER.
Per Azpell
Permission is hereby given to ship from Denver, Colo. to Philadelphia, Pa.
W. P. Munn M.D.
By Azpell

All Bodies brought from beyond the limits of the City for Interment, if in charge of a City Undertaker, must have his Certificate, IN INK, affixed to the written or printed Certificate of Death.
Undertaker's Certificate in Relation to Deceased.
8. Occupation, -
9. Place of Birth, Penna
10. When a Minor, [blank]
Buried from 11. Ward 29th
12. Street and Number, 2220 Jefferson St
13. Date of Burial, July 26. 97
14. Place of Burial, Laurel Hill.
Albert Cummings Undertaker.
Residence, 2220 Jefferson St.

spouse's death notices

[death notice, Philadelphia Inquirer 23 March 1908 page 13, Ida M Gregory]

GREGORY.--On March 20, 1908, IDA M. widow of Justus Abraham Gregory, aged 66 years. Due notice of funeral will be given.



[death notice, Philadelphia Inquirer 24 March 1908 page 5, Ida Murphy Gregory]

GREGORY.--On March 20, 1908, IDA MURPHY, widow of Justus Abraham Gregory. Relatives and friends are invited to attend funeral services, on Tuesday at 2 PM precisely, at residence of Henry Bassett, 1126 N 41st St. Interment private.


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revised 6 Oct 15
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