He was born in 1818/19, in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, to John and Elizabeth Haines.
date: 2 (42 in 1861), 6 (44 in 1864), 9 (42 in 1861), 10 (28 in 1850).
place: 2, 6, 9, 10.
On 25 November 1849, he married Henrietta Carson, at Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.
They were married by the Reverend E W Gilbert, of Western Presbyterian Church of Philadelphia.
She was born in 1824/25, in Reading, [Berks County,] Pennsylvania.
They apparently had at least these children:
Daniel Haines (born 1850, died 1858)
Elizabeth Haines (born 7 June 1856)
Henrietta Haines (born 7 December 1858)
In 1850, he was living in ward 6, Spring Garden, Philadelphia County, Pennsylvania.
He was a potter.
He was living with Henrietta (presumably his wife), Daniel (presumably their child), and Charles and Mary A Clayton.
On 20 August 1858, their son Daniel died, of bilious fever.
They lived at 1119 Lombard Street for many years before Haines enlisted, as did Henry Miller.
When he enlisted, he was a gardener.
[sources: 2, 9]
When he enlisted, he was 5 feet 8-1/2 inches tall, had a dark complexion, blue eyes, and dark hair.
[sources: 2, 9]
During the war
He enlisted in company I on October 1861, at Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.
On 2 December 1861, he was mustered in, at Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.
[sources: 1, 2, 8 (co. E), 9]
He was discharged on 3 December 1862 (or on 28 November 1862), on surgeon's certificate of disability, at a camp near Falmouth, Virginia.
He was discharged because of hypertrophy of heart and general dropsy, originating since enlistment.
He had been unfit for duty five days in the last two months.
The discharge was approved within the regiment by Captain John D Lentz (28 Nov), Assistant Surgeon John Young, and Colonel Edgar Gregory (3 Dec).
It was approved by I D Knight, medical director of Humphrey's Division, by the medical director of the 5th corps, and by command of Brigadier General Butterfield, 5th Army Corps (2 Dec).
He was a private.
[sources: 1, 2, 3, 8 (co.I), 9 (3 Dec 62)]
After the war
He applied unsuccessfully from Pennsylvania for a pension on 8 December 1862, under the Act of 14 July 1862.
He was a resident of 1119 Lombard Street, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, and was a gardener, by occupation.
His attorney was Matthew Haskell, of Washington DC, and the witnesses were also residents of Washington, DC.
On 13 April 1863, the Pension Office requested a new declaration.
On 10 June [?] 1864, the Pension Office rejected his application, because he had furnished no evidence, and letters to him were undelivered.
[sources: 4, 5, 9]
He had dropsy from the time he was discharged until he died, and was unable to work.
He eventually was confined to his room because of his illness, and required constant medical attendance.
On 23 November 1863, his wife, Elizabeth Haines, died, at 1119 Lombard Street, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.
She died of pneumonia.
On 26 November 1863, she was buried, at Ronaldson Cemetery, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.
On 9 February 1864, he died
He died at 1119 Lombard Street, ward 7, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.
He died of congestion of the brain.
He was a potter.
On 13 February 1864, he was buried, at Ronaldson Cemetery, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.
[sources: 6, 9]
On 29 February 1864, Catherine Kenney, guardian of his minor dependents Elizabeth and Henrietta, applied successfully from Pennsylvania for a pension under the Act of 14 July 1862.
Her claim was accepted on 7 September 1870.
(The pension certificate file is noteworthy for the absence of any action for years; her attorney, Bigelow Wynkoop and Co, seems not to have dealt with this pension application expeditiously.)
She received $8 per month retroactive to 4 December 1862, and $2 per month extra for each child less than 16, retroactive to 25 July 1866.
The pension certificate was dated 16 September 1870.
[sources: 4, 5, 9]
On 20 May 1864, the Pension Office noted that the application needed proper evidence for the marriage of the parents, the names and births of the children, the death of the mother, the disability of John Haines, and his death (including the cause of death).
On 25 May 1867, the Pension Office sent a letter to Catharine Kenney's attorney apparently repeating what they had said in May 1864.
On 21 April 1870, the Pension Office asked the second auditor for information; they responded that 'no claim [had been] registered since July 1865[, the] date of muster out of regiment'.
Perhaps they were checking whether the pension application had been dealt with.
On 23 April 1870, they sent a letter to Catharine Kenney asking for information, which was provided, and on 7 September 1870 they accepted her application.
1 Bates, Samuel Penniman. History of Pennsylvania volunteers, 1861-5. Harrisburg: B. Singerly, state printer, 1869-71. 5 volumes. 'Ninety-first regiment', volume 3, pages 186-233.
(In the roster)
Biddle's, p.605: 'McLane C. stonecutter, r 1127 Lombard'
Biddle's, p.271: 'Donald John painter, 1127 Lombard'
1860 Biddle's Philadelphia directory (transcribed 30 December 2014, from Fold3), p.397 (all John Haines)
Haines John carpenter, Sellers bel Main, Fkd
Haines John conductor, 745 N 24th
Haines John farmer, River Shore, 23d ward
Haines John fire bricks, 4 Drason's pl
Haines John stone mason, r 1519 Jones
Haines John trunkmaker, 713 Jayne, h 1246 Howard
HAINES JOHN R. druggist, S W 10th & Anita
Haines John S. farmer, Hart lane, 23d ward
Haines John S. Jr. farmer, Hart la, 23d ward
Haines John W., tobacco, 1405 Race
[p.397] Hains J. saddler, Main & Manheim
[p.405] Hanes J. H. druggist, N W 10th & Christian
1890 US census, veterans schedules
Ancestry index (accessed 22 May 2007)
Notes on identification
First, Bates has two John Haines's, enlisted on the same day in different companies.
The one listed in company I was not on the muster-out roll.
The index to the compiled service records and the pension certificate file confirm that they are the same person.
Second, the pension certificate file makes clear he is not the John S Haines who died on 20 February 1864, at Hart Lane at Front Street, and was buried on 25 February 1864 in Franklin Cemetery (death certificate).
That John S Haines seems to be the better candidate, since (a) he is married, (b) he is a gardener, as was the John Haines who served in the 91st according to the company E descriptive book, and (c) the death certificate lists him as having the middle initial 'S'.
But the evidence from the pension certificate file is unequivocal.
See also the newspaper death notice for that John S Haines (Philadelphia Inquirer 24 February 1864 page 5, transcribed from GenealogyBank):
'HAINES.--On the 20th inst., Mr. JOHN S. HAINES, [in th]e 4th year of his age'
'[Hi]s relatives and friends are respectfully invited to at[tend the] funeral, from his late residence, Hart Lane, [illegible] street, back of the School House, on Thurs[day] afternoon at 2 o'clock without further notice.'
[1850 US census, Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, Spring Garden, ward 6, microfilm series M432, film 819, page p.299 recto = 397 handwritten (FamilySearch)]
[identification is probable, since (1) Henrietta's name and age, and (2) John's occupation match the information in the dependent's pension certificate file]
[dependent's pension certificate file, National Archives and Records Administration, record group 15, Elizabeth and Henrietta Haines minor children of John Haines, WC 144,827]
[abstracted from 45 pages on Fold3, December 2014]
25 November 1849
John Haines married Henrietta Carson (both of Philadelphia) at Philadelphia by Rev E W Gilbert, Western Presbyterian Church of Philadelphia (pp.7, 12, 14)
Elizabeth Haines (born 7 June 1856); Henrietta Haines (born 7 December 1858) (p.7 [Elizabeth b. 7 June 1855; Henrietta 7 Dec 58])
31 October 1861
enlisted at Philadelphia in I 91 PA (pp.11, 40)
2 December 1861
mustered in at Philadelphia (p.11)
4 December 1861
transferred from company I to company E (based on co. I muster roll for Nov-Dec 1861) (p.11)
3 December 1862
discharged (according to application, and certificate of discharge) (pp.7, 40)
discharged because of hypertrophy of heart and general dropsy, originating since enlistment
adjutant general: 28 November 1862 based on Nov-Dec 1862 co. E muster roll (p.11)
John Haines, of E 91 PA, enlisted by Capt John D Lentz of the 91st at Philadelpia on 31 October 1861; born in Philadelphia PA, 42 years old, 5 feet 8-1/2 inches tall, dark complexion, blue eyes, dark hair, a gardener [sic]. unfit for duty 5 days in the last two months. signed John D Lentz captain commanding company E, Camp in the field, 28 November 1862 (p.36 [discharge certificate])
John Young, asst surgeon 91 PV, certified that he had examined John Haines, and found him incapable of performing the duties of a soldier, because of hypertrophy of heart and general dropsy under whch he has been laboring for some time, which originated after enlistment (p.36)
discharged December 1862, camp near Fredericksburg VA, signed E M Gregory (p.36)
discharge approved by I D Knight, med director Humphreys [sic] Division (p.37)
approved by B A Clements, medical director 5th corps (p.37)
to be discharged by command of Brig Genl Butterfield, 5th Army Corps, 2 December 1862 (p.37)
8 Dec 1862
John Haines applied for an invalid pension (p.40)
he was 42 years old, resident of 1119 Lombard St Philadelphia PA, by occupation a gardner [sic] (p.40)
attorney: Matthew Haskell, Washington DC (p.40)
witnesses: John Lavender, Thomas McCoy, of Washington DC (p.40)
application 5590, act of 14 July 1862 (p.42)
dated 6 Dec 1862 (p.40)
his claim was rejected (p.4)
13 April 1863
'Letter for new Dec[laration] April 13" /63' (p.43)
23 November 1863
Elizabeth Haines died at Philadelphia PA, of pneumonia; 38 years old, married; born Reading PA; address 1119 Lombard St., buried 26 Nov 1863 Ronaldson Cem (pp.7, 44)
9 February 1864
died at home of congestion of the brain (p.7, 25 [death certificate transcribed below])
was 'dropsical and had swollen feet' from discharge until death
required constant medical attendance
23 February 1864
on the motion of Geo W Dedrick Esq Catharine Kenny was appointed guardian of Elizabeth and Henrietta, and ordered to give surety of $500, which she did (p.38)
26 February 1864
Wm L Robinson MD swore that he attended John Haines during his last sickness, that he died of congestion of the brain caused by dropsy contracted in the service of the US, that he was a sound, healthy man before enlisting (p.34)
29 February 1864
Catherine Kenney, guardian of Elizabeth and Henrietta Haines, applied for a pension under the Act of 14 July 1862 (p.7)
Catherine Kenney, 59 years old, guardian's residence Philadelphia, post-office address 1119 Lombard St, Philadelphia (p.7)
attorney: Bigelow Wynkoop and Co., Philadelphia (p.7)
witnesses to identity: William Robinson M David Abraham Bechtel (p.8)
dated 21 Feb 1864 (p.7)
claim completed 7 September 1870 (p.3)
application 46,348 (p.11)
certificate 144,827, dated 16 September 1870 (pp.3, 24)
admitted 7 September 1870, George W Taylor examined; approved 13 September 1870 (p.3)
pension of $8 per month retraoctive to 4 December 1862 (pp.3, 24) + $2 per month for each child less than 16 retroactive to 25 July 1866 (p.24)
9 March 1864
the Adjutant General's Office provided the above-summarized information to the Pension Office (p.11; see p.23 for the request)
20 May 1864
the Pension Office noted that the application 'needs prop[er] ev[idence about the] mar[riage]--dates names births [of the children]. death of mother--disability + death + cause thereof' (p.23)
10 June [?] 1864
John Haines' invalid pension application was rejected (p.43)
[the first letter of the month is clearly 'J'; I'm less confident of the rest of the month]
the Pension Office sent a letter 'substance as above' (referring to the note of 20 May 1864) to the attorney (p.23)
7 January 1870
John Haines' invalid pension application was 'Returned to files' (p.43)
21 April 1870
the Pension Office asked the second auditor for information; the response: 'no claim registered since July 1865 date of muster out of regiment' (p.35)
23 April 1870
the Pension Office sent a letter to the claimant requesting the the date of death of the soldier, and his condition from when he was discharged, his marriage, the dates of birth and the death of the mother, whether the soldier again married, and the PO address of the claimant [the note is crossed out except for 'P.O. address of claimant' (p.23)
30 August 1870
Henry Miller swore that he knew that Catharine Kenney was the legally appointed guardian of Elizabeth and Henrietta Haines, that John Haines served in E 91 PA and was discharged because of disability in December 1862; he boarded in the same house as John Haines (1119 Lombard St) for many years before Haines enlisted, and also after he returned; Haines was a potter by trade, and was strong and healthy before enlisting, but after discharge was continually ill and unfitted for work until he died on 9 February 1864; his wife died on 23 November 1863; Haines didn't marry again; 'At that time he was confined to his room from the same disease from which he suffered from the time of his discharge', as the family physician Dr Wm L Robinson thought; he does not doubt the marriage certificate, which was in the house for many years, and the family bible claims that Elizabeth was born on 7 Jun 1856 and Henrietta 7 December 1858; they are the only surviving children, and wholly dependent on their mother-in-law [sic] Catharine Kenney (pp.18-20)
1 September 1870
William L Robinson, MD, swore that he had known Catharine Kenney (widow of Joseph Kenney deceased) for about 17 years, that he knew John Haines well, and had been their family physician, that John Haines was a strong able-bodied man before enlisting, and when he returned 'his constitution was broken down and he was unfitted for his trade. A few days work would cause him to be confined to his bed. He was dropsical, had swollen feet and continued so from the day of his discharge in December 1862 until the day of his death, and this finally produced Congestion of the Brain.', that he required constant medical attendance, 'and deponent says that he verily believes and considers it as a certainty that his death was caused from disease contracted from exposure and excessive fatigue in the Army--such was deponent's opinion both prior to, and at the time of his death', that John Haines died on 9 Feb 64, did not remarry after Henrietta died on 23 Nov 1863, that Elizabeth was born in 7 June 1856 and Henrietta on 7 December 1858, as he knows from delivering them (pp.28-30)
7 September 1870
the Pension Office noted: 'Ad.' [perhaps = admitted]
[death certificate, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, 9 February 1864, John Haines]
[source: www.familysearch.org (accessed 30 December 2014)]
RETURN OF A DEATH,
IN THE CITY OF PHILADELPHIA.
1. Name of Deceased, John Haines Haines
2. Colour, White
3. Sex, Male
4. Age, 44 years
5. Single [sic]
6. Date of Death, Febr 9 1864
7. Cause of Death, Congestion of the Brain
W S Robinson M.D.
Residence, 248 N 10 St
UNDERTAKER'S CERTIFICATE, IN RELATION TO DECEASED.
8. Occupation, potter
9. Place of Birth, Phila
10. When a Minor, Name of Father, John
Name of Mother, Elizabeth
11. Ward, 7
12. Street and Number, 1119 Lombard
13. Date of Burial, 13th Feb 1864
14. Place of Burial, Ronaldson
Burton J [?] Kollack [?] UNDERTAKER
Residence, 2nd opposite [sic]