He was born on 18 April 1846 (5, 10). He was born in Pennsylvania (2, 4, 5, 6; 2 (19 in 1864), 4 [33 in 1880], 5 [54 in 1900], 6 [64 in 1910]).
When he enlisted, he was a farmer (2).
When he enlisted, he was 5 feet 7 inches tall, and had a fair complexion, grey eyes, and sandy hair (2).
He was a substitute (1, 2). He enlisted and was mustered into service on 7 October 1864 (1, 2, 3, 9). He was enlisted for one year, at Monroe County, Pennsylvania (2). His service was credited to the Thirteenth Congressional District (2). He was mustered in as a private in company H (1, 12).
In 1880, he was living in Madison Township, Columbia County, Pennsylvania (4). He was living with his sister Emma and her family (4). He was a farmer (4). He was widowed or divorced (4). (Note that according to the 1910 census, his later marriage to Laura was his first marriage (4).)
In 1880 or 1881, he married Laura [unknown family name] (5, 10). In 1900 and 1910, she reported having had no children (5).
In 1890, he was living in Madison, Columbia County, Pennsylvania (post office Jerseytown) (3).
On 2 October 1890, he applied successfully from Pennsylvania for a pension (8, 9).
In 1900, he was living in Madison Township, Columbia County, Pennsylvania (5). He was living with his wife Laura and (adopted?) son Paul (5). He was a farmer (5).
In 1910, he was living in Madison Township, Columbia County, Pennsylvania (6). He was living with his wife Laura and (adopted?) son Paul (6). He had no occupation (6).
On 28 June 1916, his widow, Laura V Johnson, applied successfully from Pennsylvania for a pension (8, 9).
In 1920, his widow Laura was living in Madison Township, Columbia County, Pennsylvania (7). She was living very near his son Paul (7).
On 25 December 1942, his widow, Laura V Johnson, died (11). She was buried in Jerseytown Cemetery, Jerseytown, Columbia County, Pennsylvania (11).
1 Bates, Samuel Penniman. History of Pennsylvania volunteers, 1861-5. Harrisburg: B. Singerly, state printer, 1869-71. 5 volumes. 'Ninety-first regiment', volume 3, pages 186-233. (In the roster) (Chester Johnson)
2 company H, descriptive roll, #132 (Chester M Johnson)
3 1890 US census, veterans' schedule, Pennsylvania, Columbia County, Madison, supervisor's district 4, enumeration district 19, page  (Chester Johnson)
4 1880 US census, Pennsylvania, Columbia County, Madison Township, supervisor's district 5, enumeration district 175 [?], microfilm series T9, film 1119, page 266 D = 20 handwritten (Chester Johnson)
5 1900 US census, Pennsylvania, Columbia County, Madison Township, supervisor's district 20, enumeration district 6, microfilm series T623, film 1398, page 120 B = 10 handwritten (Chester Johnson)
6 1910 US census, Pennsylvania, Columbia County, Madison Township, supervisor's district 12, enumeration district 26, microfilm series T624, film 1334, page 136 A = 2 handwritten (Chester M Johnson)
7 1920 US census, Pennsylvania, Columbia County, Madison Township, supervisor's district 11, enumeration district 35, microfilm series T625, film 1555, page 193 A = 1 handwritten (Laura Johnson)
8 pension index, by name (Chester M Johnson)
9 pension index, by regiment, 91st PA Infantry, company H (Chester M Johnson)
10 Find a grave, memorial 8182053, created by Sue Herbine, added 14 December 2003, accessed 19 February 2011 [identification is confirmed by reference in the memorial to his service in the 91st] (Chester M Johnson)
11 Find a grave, memorial 8182305, created by Sue Herbine, added 14 December 2003, accessed 19 February 2011 (Laura V Johnson)
12 index to compiled service records of volunteer Union soldiers who served in organizations from the state of Pennsylvania (Chester M Johnson)
|dwelling visit #||173|
|family visit #||180|
|name||Johnson Chester||Holliver [?] Daniel||- Emma J||- Ola|
|month born if born in year|
|relationship||Brother in law||wife [sic]||daughter [sic]|
|married during year|
|occupation||Farmer||Work on farm||Keeping house|
|school this year|
|name||Johnson Chester||- Lara||- Paul|
|['Son' has 'Adp.' [?] written above it--perhaps Paul was adopted]|
|birth date||Apr 1846||Oct 1855||May 1888|
|# years married||19||19|
|mother of how many children?||0|
|# of children living||0|
|birthplace||" [sc. Pa]||"||"|
|father's birthplace||" [sc. Pa]||"||"|
|mother's birthplace||" [sc. Pa]||"||"|
|# years in USA|
|occupation||Farmer||Hous [sic] Keeper||At School|
|# months not employed||0||0||5|
|# months in school||[illegible]|
|free or mortgaged||F|
|# of farm schedule||183|
|name||Johnson, Chester M||-, Laura V||-, Paul H.|
|#years present marriage||28||28|
|mother of # children||1|
|mother of # living children||1|
|nature of industry etc.||Public Schools|
|out of work 15 Apr 1910?||No|
|# weeks out of work 1909||0|
|school since 1 Sep 09||yes|
|owned free or mortagaged||F|
|nr on farm schedule|
|civil war vet||UA [?]|
|deaf & dumb|
|dwelling visit number||8||9|
|family visit number||8||9|
|name||Johnson, Paul H.||- Martha||- Eva||- Dorothy||- Lois||- Wilbur||Mull, John||Johnson, Laura|
|free/mortgaged (if owned)||M||F|
|age at last birthday||31||31||8||6||2 7/12||3/12||16||64|
|year of immigration|
|year of naturalization|
|attended school since Sept 1919||No||No||Yes|
|father's native language|
|mother's native language|
|can speak English||Yes||Yes||Yes||Yes|
|industry, business||General Farm||Working Out|
|number of farm schedule||8|