91st PA: George W Justice

George W Justice

Before the war

He was born in 1828 (5, 7 (33 in 1861), 8 (35 in 1863), 9 (35 in 1863)12 [31 in 1860], 13 [53 in 1880], 14 [47 in 1870], 21 [74 at death in 1901]) or in September 1827 (15). He was born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania (7, 8, 9, 12, 13, 14, 15, 21).

In 1860, he was living in Lower Merion Township, Montgomery County, Pennsylvania (12). He was a shoemaker, and owned $50 in personal property (12). He was living with his wife Rachel, and (presumably) their children William, George, David, John W, and Harriet (12).

When he enlisted, he was a shoemaker, and was living in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania (7 [?], 8, 9).

Description

When he enlisted, he was 5 feet 2 inches tall, and had a light complexion, blue eyes, and light hair (7, 9).

During the war

He enlisted and was mustered into service on 30 November 1861 (1 [20 Nov], 7, 9, 10 [30 Oct], 19 [20 Nov]). He was enlisted for three years, at Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, by Captain Sinex (7). He was mustered in service by Lieutenant Hall (7). He was a private in company D (1, 22, 23, 24).

On 19 March 1863, he returned to duty from being absent sick (6).

He fought at the Battle of Gettysburg (17).

He reenlisted as a veteran volunteer on 26 December 1863 (1, 8, 9 [24 Dec]). He was enlisted for three years, at Bealton, Virginia, by Lieutenant Swan (8, 9).

He was wounded on 21 June 1864 (1, 9).

On 24 June 1864, he was reported deserted from Chester Hospital (20).

On 14 August 1864, he was reported regained from desertion (11).

On 7 October 1864, Sellers reported that he was missing in action on 30 September 1864 near Peeble's House (2).

On 21 October 1864, a regimental court martial (consisting of John Casner (K), James Clossen (H), and William Michaels (F), judge advocate) was appointed to try him some time in October (3).

On 29 November 1864, he was released from arrest and returned to duty (4).

He mustered out on 10 July 1865 with his company (1, 9, 10 [14 Jul], 19). He was a private, in company D (22, 23, 24).

After the war

In 1870, he was living in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania (14). He was a laborer (14). He was living with his wife Rachael, and eight children (14):

On 21 December 1879, he applied successfully for a pension (16, 21).

In 1880, he was living in the Upper District of Lower Merion, Montgomery County, Pennsylvania (13). He was a laborer (13). He was living with his wife Rachel, his daughters Emma Justice and Harriet Clouson, and his grandson George Clouson (13).

In 1890, he was in the Philadelphia County Prison (10).

His wife, Rachel, died in 1891 (5). She was born in 1831 (5).

In 1900, he was (probably) living with his son John W Justice, in East Treddyfrin, Chester County, Pennsylvania (15). He was a shoemaker, who had been out of work 0 months (15).

On 15 March 1901, he died, of obstruction of bowels, in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania (5, 18, 21). He was a shoemaker (21). He was widowed (21). He died at, or was buried from, 912 North 13th Street, 20th ward, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania (21).

The funeral was held on Tuesday (18). General G K Warren Post, Number 15, GAR, was invited to attend (18). On 19 March 1901, he was buried in the Merion Square Cemetery, Bala Cynwyd, Montgomery County, Pennsylvania (5, 18, 21).

Sources

1 Bates, Samuel Penniman. History of Pennsylvania volunteers, 1861-5. Harrisburg: B. Singerly, state printer, 1869-71. 5 volumes. 'Ninety-first regiment', volume 3, pages 186-233. (In the roster)

2 letter, Sellers to Tayman, 7 October 1864

3 special order 99, HQ 91st PA, 21 October 1864 (George W Justice)

4 special order 114, HQ 91st PA, 29 November 1864

5 Merion Square cemetery records, on http://www.thefinalwalt.com (thanks to Amy Waltz!) (George Justice)

6 consolidated morning report, 91st PA, 19 March 1863 (Geo W Justice)

7 company D, descriptive roll, entry 11 (George W Justice)

8 company D, second descriptive roll, entry 40 (Geo W Justice)

9 Civil War Veterans' Card File, available at the Pennsylvania State Archives, searched 1 Aug 2004 (George W Justice)

10 1890 US census, veterans schedule, Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, Philadelphia, supervisor's district [1], enumeration district [special Philada County Prison], page [3] (image 1134 on Ancestry), line 30 (George W Justice)

11 consolidated morning report, 91st Pennsylvania, 14 August 1864 (Private Justice)

12 1860 US census, Pennsylvania, Montgomery County, Lower Merion Township, page 269 stamped = page 67 handwritten (George Justice)

13 1880 US census, Pennsylvania, Montgomery County, Upper District of Lower Merion, supervisor's district 4, enumeration district 13, page 15 handwritten =258 stamped (George Justis)

14 1870 US census, Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, district 73, page 236 = page 80 handwritten (image 80 of 187 on Ancestry) (Geo Justice)

15 1900 US census, Pennsylvania, Chester County, East Tredyffrin, supervisor's district 2, enumeration district 103, page 87A (George W Justice)

16 pension index, by name (George W Justice)

17 Pennsylvania Memorial, Gettysburg, Pennsylvania (G W Justice)

18 [death notice], Philadelphia Inquirer, 18 March 1901, page 12; also published on 17 March 1901 page 11 (George W Justice)

19 pension index, by regiment, 91st PA Infantry, company D (George W Justice)

20 'Deserters from army hospitals', Philadelphia Press 25 June 1864, page 4 (Geo W Justice)

21 death certificate, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, 15 March 1900, #19717 (George W Justice)

22 index to compiled service records of volunteer Union soldiers who served in organizations from the state of Pennsylvania (George W Jestice)

23 index to compiled service records of volunteer Union soldiers who served in organizations from the state of Pennsylvania (George W Justis)

24 index to compiled service records of volunteer Union soldiers who served in organizations from the state of Pennsylvania (George W Justice)

desertion

['Deserters from army hospitals', Philadelphia Press 25 June 1864, page 4]
[source: ActivePaper Archive, Penn State University (viewed 8 Nov 08)]

MILITARY
[...]
DESERTERS FROM ARMY HOSPITALS.

The following named soldiers were reported at the Medical Director's office yesterday as having deserted from army hospitals in this department:

From Chester Hospital-- [..] Geo. W. Justice, Co. D, 91st P.V.; [...].

1860 census

[1860 US census, Pennsylvania, Montgomery County, Lower Merion Township, page 269 stamped = page 67 handwritten]
line17181920212223
Dwelling number463      
Family number468      
NameGeorge JusticeRachael "William "George "David "John W "Harriett "
Age312986424/12
SexMFMMMMF
Color       
OccupationShoemaker      
Value of real estate owned       
Value of personal estate50      
Place of birth" [sc. Penna]""""""
Married within year       
Attended school within year  11   
Cannot read & write       
Deaf, dumb, blind, etc.       

1870 census

[1870 US census, Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, district 73, page 236 = page 80 handwritten (image 80 of 187 on Ancestry)]
line11121314151617181920
Dwelling-house number617          
Family number617          
NameJustice Geo- Rachael- Geo- David- John- Harriet- Frank- Annie- Maggie- Emily
Age4743161412118641
SexMFMMMFM [?]FFF
ColorWWWWWWWWWW
OccupationLaborerKeeping houseLaborer       
Real estate value           
Personal estate value           
Birthplace" [sc. Pa]"""""""""
Father foreign born          
Mother foreign born          
Birth month if born within year          
Marriage month if married within year          
Attended school past year    1111  
Can't read          
Can't write11        
Deaf, dumb, blind, etc.          
Male US citizen at least 21 years old         
Male US citizen at least 21 years old who can't vote ...          

1880 census

[1880 US census, Pennsylvania, Montgomery County, Upper District of Lower Merion, supervisor's district 4, enumeration district 13, page 15 handwritten =258 stamped]
line12345
street name     
house number     
dwelling visit #126    
family visit #130    
nameJustis George- Rachel- EmmaClouson HarrietClouson George
colorWWWWW
sexMFFFM
age535012291/12
month born if born in year    April
relationship WifeDaughterDaughterGrand-son
single  1 1
married11 1 
widowed/divorced     
married during year     
occupationLaborer    
months unemployed     
currently ill?  Fits  
blind     
deaf/dumb     
idiotic     
insane     
disabled     
school this year     
can't read     
can't write 1   
birthplacePennsylvaniaPennsylvaniaPennsylvaniaPennsylvaniaPennsylvania
father's birthplacePennaPennaPennaPennaPenna
mother's birthplacePennaPennaPennaPennaPenna

1890 census, veterans schedule

[1890 US census, veterans schedule, Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, Philadelphia, supervisor's district [1], enumeration district [special Philada County Prison "Prison + Reformatory"], page [3] (image 1134 on Ancestry), line 30]
[line] 30
[house] [blank]
[family] [blank]
[name] George W Justice
[rank] Private
[company] D
[unit] 91 Pa Inf
[enlistment date] 30 Oct 1861
[discharge date] 14 July 1865
[length of service] 3 years, 9 months, 14 days
[post office address] " [sc. Philada]
[disability incurred] none
[remarks] [blank]

1900 census

[1900 US census, Pennsylvania, Chester County, East Tredyffrin, supervisor's district 2, enumeration district 103, page 87A]
[Although he is listed as a boarder, I suspect the head of household is his son John Justice. However, given the relationship and his being listed as single and not as widowed, I may have the wrong George Justice]
line1112131415
street     
house number     
dwelling number94    
family number94    
nameJustice John W- Arabella- Horace GErb HenryJustice George W
relationshipHeadWifeSonBoarderBoarder
colorWWWWW
sexMFMMM
birth dateMay 1858Oct 1846Jan 1881Jan 1880Sept 1827
age4253192073
married?MMSSS
# years married2121   
mother of how many children? 1   
# of children living 1   
birthplacePennsylvaniaPennsylvaniaPennsylvaniaPennsylvaniaPennsylvania
father's birthplacePennsylvaniaPennsylvaniaPennsylvaniaPennsylvaniaPennsylvania
mother's birthplacePennsylvaniaPennsylvaniaPennsylvaniaPennsylvaniaPennsylvania
immigration year     
# years in USA     
naturalized citizen?     
occupationCarpenter Day LaborerLatherShoemaker
# months not employed4 340
# months in school     
can readyesyesyesyesyes
can writeyesyesyesyesyes
speaks Englishyesyesyesyesyes
owned/rentedR    
free or mortgaged     
farm/houseH    
# of farm schedule     

index to compiled service records

[index to compiled service records of volunteer Union soldiers who served in organizations from the state of Pennsylvania]
[transcribed 17 June 2014, from Fold3]


Jestice, George W.
Co. D, 91 Pennsylvania Inf.
Pvt | Pvt.
REFERENCE CARD.
Original filed under
Justice, George W.

GENERAL INDEX CARD.


[card 2, transcribed 1 July 2014]

Justis, George W.
Co. D, 91 Pennsylvania Inf.
Pvt | Pvt.
REFERENCE CARD.
Original filed under
Justice, George W.

GENERAL INDEX CARD.


[card 3, transcribed 1 July 2014]

Justice, George W.
Co. D, 91 Pennsylvania Inf.
Pvt | Pvt.
See also [blank]

GENERAL INDEX CARD.

death notice

[Philadelphia Inquirer, 18 March 1901, page 12; also published on 17 March 1901 page 11]

JUSTICE.--On March 15, 1901, George W. Justice, aged 74 years. Funeral services on Tuesday, at 1 o'clock, at 912 North Thirteenth street. General G. K. Warren Post, No. 15, G.A.R. invited. Interment at Merion Square.

death certificate

[death certificate, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, 15 March 1900, #19717, George W Justice]
[thanks to Ed McLaughlin for finding this!]

19717
RETURN OF A DEATH IN THE CITY OF PHILADELPHIA.
PHYSICIAN'S CERTIFICATE.
1. Name of Deceased, George W Justice
2. Color, White
3. Sex, Male
4. Age, 74 yrs
5. Widower
6. Date of Death, March 15 1901
7. Cause of Death, Obstruction of bowels
[illegible] M.D.
Residence, 930 N 11th St

[stamped roughly vertically:] BY PRIVATE CONVEYANCE ONLY [?]
UNDERTAKER'S CERTIFICATE IN RELATION TO DECEASED.
8. Occupation, Shoemaker
9. Place of Birth, Philadelphia Pa
10. When a Minor, [blank]
11. Ward, 20th
12. Street and Number, 912 N. 13th St
13. Date of Burial, March 19th 1901
14. Place of Burial, Merion Square Montg. Co
W. J. Phillip Undertaker.
Residence, 422 Poplar St.

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revised 1 Jul 14
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