91st PA: William E Michael

William E Michael

Before the war

He was born in 1839/41, in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, to Jacob Michael and Adelaide [unknown family name]. [sources: date: 29 (20 in 1861), 35 (18 in 1860), 37 (50 in 1891), 41 (27 in 1870), 42 (9 in 1850). place: 29, 35, 37, 41, 42. parents: 39, 41, 42]

In 1850, he was living in ward 6, Spring Garden, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. He was living with his parents Jacob and Adelaide Michael, and with Elizabeth and Susannah Michael (presumably his siblings). He had attended school within the year. [source: 42]

In 1860, he was living in the 14th ward, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. He was living with his parents Jacob and Adelaid Michael, with Susann and Elizabeth Michael (presumably his siblings) and Serena Carlisle. He was a paperhanger. [source: 35]

He was a paperhanger when he enlisted. [source: 29]

Description

When he enlisted, he was 5 feet 10 inches tall, and had a light complexion, gray eyes, and brown hair. [source: 29]

During the war

He also served in company D of the 22nd Pennsylvania Infantry. He enlisted on 22 April 1861, at Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. He was discharged on 9 August 1861, at the expiration of his term, at Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. [source: 34, 37]

He was enlisted for three years, by Lieutenant Murphy, at Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, on 24 September 1861. He was mustered into service as a sergeant in company F on 24 October 1861. [sources: 1, 28, 29, 34 (24 Oct), 37 (24 Oct), 45-46]

He was promoted on 5 August 1862 from sergeant to first sergeant. [sources: 1, 28, 29]

He was promoted to second lieutenant on 12 or 16 October 1862, replacing Enoch Brewster. He was mustered in by Captain Girrard [?]. [sources: 1, 20 (which has both 12 September and 30 October), 27 (16 Oct), 28 (14 Oct), 29 (11 Oct 62)]

On 23 February 1863, he returned to the regiment from duty at Windmill Point Hospital. [source: 21]

On 24 May 1863, he went on leave for five days. [source: 24]

He fought at the Battle of Gettysburg. [source: 33]

He led picket details on 26 August 1863, and on 2 September 1863, and "accompan[ied]" one on 9 September 1863. [sources: 6, 7, 8, 25]

He may have been relieved from command of company E on 22 September 1863; the order is crossed out in the regimental orders book, which may mean it did not take effect. [source: 9]

He accompanied a picket detail on 30 September 1863 through 1 October 1863. [sources: 10, 26]

A detail under his command buried two confederate commissioned officers and 62 confederate enlisted men some time before 3 October 1863. [source: 5]

He was acting regimental quartermaster on 2 April 1864 [possibly 2 March], and was ordered to requisition ordnance and ordnance stores and deliver them as quickly as possible, and to deliver clothing, and camp and garrison equippage to the senior sergeants of companies A, D, and E, since they weren't commanded by commissioned officers. [source: 11]

On 4 July 1864, he was commanding company F, and reported about Oscar Foust. On 5 July 1864, he was appointed to a Board of Survey to determine what government property was in company C. [sources: 12, 14]

On 12 October 1864, he was commanding company F, and was assigned to command company A also. He was to give Francis Gregory receipts for all ordnance, ordnance stores, and other property. [source: 15]

On 21 October 1864, he was appointed judge advocate on a regimental court martial to try George Justice (D). [source: 16]

He was promoted to captain on 31 October or 1 November 1864. [sources: 1, 2, 27 (1 Nov), 31]

On 5 November 1864, John Graham was ordered to give a receipt to Michael for the public property possessed by company A. [source: 4]

On 10 November 1864, he certified information about Patrick Cahill's service and death, supporting his mother's pension application. [source: 44]

On 11 November 1864, he was appointed a member of a board of survey to determine for how much government property in companies D, B, and K respectively, John Edgar, George Finney, and John Allen were responsible. [source: 17]

He went on a furlough on 16 November 1864; it expired on 27 November 1864. He returned on 26 November 1864 (22). [source: 22 (citing Army of Potomac SO 308), 32 (ibid)]

On 27 January 1865, he and other officers met near Petersburg Virginia and adopted a testimonial to Captain James Closson, who had died in November 1864, of wounds received in action. [source: 3]

On 28 February 1865, he was assigned to command company G in addition to his current command, effective 7 February 1865. [source: 18]

On 8 March 1865, he began a leave, which expired on 23 March 1865. [source: 22]

On 22 March 1865, William Spangler was assigned to command company G and ordered to receipt to Michael for all property in the company. [source: 19]

On 27 April 1865, Sellers recommended that he received a brevet appointment "[f]or meritorious conduct during the late campaign". [source: 13]

On 22 June 1865, he went on a leave, which expired on 7 July 1865. [source: 22 (citing SO 138 5th Corps)]

He mustered out on 10 July 1865 with his company. He was captain of company F. [sources: 1, 2, 34, 37, 45-46]

After the war

In 1870, he was living in ward 15, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. He was living with his parents Jacob and Adalaide Michael, and with Lizzie and Susan Michael (presumably his siblings). He was a paper hanger. [source: 41]

On 27 May 1891, he successfully applied from Ohio for a pension. [sources: 30, 34]

On 20 May 1891, he was admitted, to the Central Branch of the National Home for Disabled Volunteer Soldiers. He had rheumatism and heart disease. He was 5' 10" tall, and had a light complexion, gray eyes, and gray hair. He was a tile setter. He could read and write. He was married. He was a Protestant. His nearest relative was his mother, Adelade Michael, 671 North 15th Street, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. He was receiving a pension of $12.00 per month. [source: 37]

In 1910, perhaps he is the William E Michaels living in the Central Branch of the National Home for DIsabled Volunteer Soldiers, in Montgomery County, Ohio. If so, he had been married twice, for 42 years in the present marriage. [source: 43]

On 12 October 1911, he again applied for a pension. He received an increase to a pension of $15 per month. [source: 34, 37]

On 29 May 1912, his pension was increased to $25.00 per month. [source: 37]

He died on 17 December 1919, at Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. (Perhaps he was on leave from the National Home for Disabled Volunteer Soldiers in Ohio.) On 20 December 1919, he was buried, in West Laurel Hill Cemetery, Bala Cynwyd, Montgomery County, Pennsylvania. The funeral services were held from 1530 Fairmount Avenue, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. At least three other people are buried in the same plot as he: Jacob Michael (died 28 February 1899), Adelaide H Michael (died 26 Dec 1892), and Susanna C Michael (died 14 October 1920). [sources: 34, 37 (at Philadelphia PA), 38 (17 Dec, Philadelphia), 39 (17 Dec, Philadelphia), 40]

Sources

1 Bates, Samuel Penniman. History of Pennsylvania volunteers, 1861-5. Harrisburg: B. Singerly, state printer, 1869-71. 5 volumes. 'Ninety-first regiment', volume 3, pages 186-233. (In the roster)

2 Official Army Register

3 testimonial to James Closson, adopted 27 Jan 1865

4 special order 103, headquarters, 91st Pennsylvania Infantry, 5 November 1864

5 letter, Gregory to Marvin, 3 October 1863

6 special order 61, HQ 91st PA, 26 August 1863 ('Lieut Michaels Co. "E"')

7 special order 69, HQ 91st PA, 2 September 1863

8 special order 76, HQ 91st PA, 9 September 1863

9 special order 91, HQ 91st PA, 22 September 1863

10 special order 98, HQ 91st PA, 30 September 1863 [note: this is the second order numbered 'Special order 98']

11 special order 32, HQ 91st PA, 2 March [sc. April] 1864

12 letter, Sellers to Breck, 4 July 1864 (William E Michaels)

13 letter, Sellers to Farnsworth, 27 April 1865

14 special order 63, HQ 91st PA, 5 July 1864

15 special order 94, HQ 91st PA, 12 October 1864

16 special order 99, HQ 91st PA, 21 October 1864 (William E Michaels)

17 special order 107, HQ 91st PA, 7 November 1864

18 special order 11, HQ 91st PA, 28 February 1865

19 special order 20, HQ 91st PA, 22 March 1865 (William L [?] Michael)

20 regimental descriptive book (William E Michaels)

21 consolidated morning report, 91st PA, 23 Feb 63 (2nd Lt Michael)

22 undated officers' furlough list, in regimental letter, order, guard, and furlough book (three entries) (William E Michaels, Wm Michael, and Wm E Michael)

23 [undated and untitled chart with officers' names] (two references: Wm E Michaels, and Capt Michael)

24 consolidated morning report, 91st PA, 24 May 1863 (Wm E Michaels)

25 consolidated morning report, 91st PA, 26 Aug 1863 (Lieut Michaels)

26 consolidated morning report, 91st PA, 1 Oct 1863 (Lieut Michael)

27 list of commissioned officers ([William] D [?] Michael)

28 company F, list of non-commissioned officers (William Michaels)

29 company F, descriptive roll, #3 (William Michaels)

30 pension index, by name (William E Michael)

31 consolidated morning report, 91st Pennsylvania, 1 November 1864 (Lt Michael)

32 consolidated morning report, 91st Pennsylvania, 16 November 1864 (Capt Michaels)

33 Pennsylvania Memorial, Gettysburg, Pennsylvania (Wm E Michael)

34 pension index, by regiment, 91st PA Infantry, company F (William E Michael)

35 1860 US census, Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, 14th ward, 1st division, microfilm series M653, film 1164, page 223 = 223 handwritten (Wm Michael)

36 [deleted]

37 US National Homes for Disabled Volunteer Soldiers, 1866-1938, Dayton, Registers, M, transcribed from Ancestry, image 1793 of 7148, transcribed February 2011 (William E Michael)

38 Pennsylvania death indices, 1919 ("Michael,William E;--117305;Phila;Dec.17.")

39 death notice, Philadelphia Inquirer Friday 19 December 1919, page 18 (William E Michael)

40 Find a grave, memorial 91396894, created by Graves, added 5 June 2012, accessed 13 October 2013 [note that the other memorials for Michael's buried in the same plot are memorial 91396887 Adelaide H died 26 Dec 1892, 91396890 Jacob died 28 Feb 1899, and 91396893 Susanna C died 14 Oct 1920] (Capt Wm E Michael)

41 1870 US census, Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, ward 15, district 44, microfilm series M593, film 1399, page 519 recto = 181 handwritten (FamilySearch) (Wm Michael)

42 1850 US census, Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, Spring Garden, ward 6, microfilm series M432, film 819, page 305 recto = 609 handwritten to 305 verso = 610 handwritten (Wm Michael)

43 1910 US census, Ohio, Montgomery County, Jefferson, National Home for Disabled Volunteer Soldiers, enumeration district 135, microfilm series M1283, film 1218, page 285 = 45 A (William E Michaels)

44 dependent's pension certificate file, National Archives and Records Administration, record group 15, certificate 125,312, Patrick Cahill son of Bryan Cahill and Ann Mulvaney (William E Michael)

45 index to compiled service records of volunteer Union soldiers who served in organizations from the state of Pennsylvania (William E Michael)

46 index to compiled service records of volunteer Union soldiers who served in organizations from the state of Pennsylvania (William E Michaels)

Sources checked unsuccessfully

1880 US census
FIRST FACT: he was not living with his parents in 1880; see the 1880 US census, Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, enumeration district 252, microfilm series T9, film 1174, page 58 = 9 A handwritten (FamilySearch), which includes Jacob (66, b. PA, retired merchant), Adalade (60, b. PA), Elizabeth (32, b. PA), Sue (30, b. PA), and (granddaughter) Leah Michial (2, b.PA)
 
SECOND FACT: in the census, I have found two candidates (with others not living in Philadelphia or more distant in age):
of these candidates, candidate 1 is attractive because of his middle initial, but because his occupation does not match the occupation listed in the National Military Home records, I doubt that this is he
(1) William E Michael, 38, PA, telegraph operator, with wife Susie 29 PA and mother-in-law Jane Wilson 69 b. PA, at 1520 North 25th Street, Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, enumeration district 639, microfilm series T9, film 1188, page 377 = 9 A handwritten FamilySearch
(2) Wm B Michael, 37, b. PA, upholsterer, with wife Wilha. 35 b. PA, at 2516 Poplar Street, Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, enumeration district 287, microfilm series T9, film 1175, page 521 = 27 C handwritten (FamilySearch)
(3) Wm H Michael, 41, b. NY, fruit dealer, with wife Marg (39 NJ), son A W (10 PA), brother H B (23 NJ), niece Olive Page (2 PA) and servant Bessie Busby (23 NJ), at 706 Brown [?], Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, ward 13, enumeration district 219, microfilm series T9, film 1173, page 283 = 19 C handwritten
(4) Wm F Michael, 31, clerk, born England, son-in-law of John S Bird, also with Bird's daughter Anna (29, b. PA), and grandson Harry (6, b. PA), et al., at 3728 Spring Garden St, Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, enumeration district 489, microfilm series T9, film 1183, Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, ward 24, page 91 = 9 A handwritten
(5) Wm Michaels, 24, b. PA, r r flagman, boarder with Wm Earley et al., Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, enumeration district 496, microfilm series T9, film 1183, page 200 = 25 A FamilySearch
 
THIRD FACT: the 1881 Gopsill's city directory has the following relevant entries on page 1155:
(2) Michael William B., upholsterer, 1104 Market, h 2516 Poplar
(1) Michael William C., clerk, h 1520 N 25th
(4) Michael William F., clerk, h 3728 Spg Garden
(3) Michael William H., fruit, 114 Mattis, h 706 Brown
(5) Michaels William B., flagman, h 719 N 39th
[nb: no William Michael tile setter ]
Michael Jacob, h 643 N 15th
Michael Jacob B., cabinetmaker, 426 N 12th
1890 US census, veterans schedules
Ancestry index (accessed February 2006)
FamilySearch index (accessed 14 October 2013)
1900 US census
(1) a Wm J Michaels, born Apr 1844, in Pennsylvania, is living in the Central Branch of the National Military Home (1900 US census, Ohio, Montgomery County, National Military Home, enumeration district 90, microfilm series T623, film 1308, page 33 = 33 A handwritten (FamilySearch)
--he is not the William E Michael who served in the 91st; the National Home records have him serving in F 199 Pennsylvania (from 16 September 1864 to 28 June 1865) (FamilySearch)
--note the William J Michael who is living in the Central Branch of the National Military Home in 1910 (1910 US census, Ohio, Montgomery County, Jefferson Township, National Military Home, supervisor's district 2, enumeration district 135, microfilm series T624, film 1218, page 286 = 46 B handwritten)
(2) a William Michell, born July 1836, Pennsylvania, is living in the House of Corrections in Philadelphia, enumeration district 1037, page 261 = 6 B handwritten (FamilySearch)
--he is probably not the William E Michael who served in the 91st; besides the inexact match of family name and birth year, the National Military Home records suggest that my William Michael was living in the Central Branch, and the incarcerated William Michell's mother was born in Maryland
(3) note the William B Michael, boarder, born September 1841, PA, clerk, a boarder at 2224 Spring Garden (Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, ward 15, division 30, microfilm series T623, film 1458, page 262 = 10 B handwritten )
--he is also the William E Michael (42, born PA, no occupation), living in Randolph House, at 2224 Spring Garden Street (Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, ward 15, enumeration district 236, microfilm series T624, film 1391, page 226 = 18 A handwritten (FamilySearch)
--I suspect he is not my William E Michael; the National Military Home records suggest that my William Michael was living in the Central Branch, and his occupation does not match any known occupation for my William
 
the 1901 Gopsill's Philadelphia directory, page 1692 has the following five (or six, if W H is William) William Michael entries:
" [sc. Michael] Wm, finisher, h 606 Winton
" Wm B., paperhgr, 921 N 10th
" Wm B., upholsterer, h 1523 N Stillman
" Wm H. (Wm H. Michael & Son), h 778 N 41st
" Wm H. & Son (Wm. H. & A. Watson), com mers, 114 Mattis
" Wm L. (Michael & Coyle), h 1604 N Sydenham
" W. H., h 846 N 42d
1920 US census
FamilySearch and Ancestry indices (accessed 16 October 2013)
1930 US census
FamilySearch and Ancestry indices (accessed 16 October 2013)
1940 US census
FamilySearch and Ancestry indices (accessed 16 October 2013)
RootsWeb WorldConnect
accessed 25 September 2010
searched for William Michael died in Philadelphia PA; William Michael married to Susan Wilson; William Michael born 1842 +/-2 PA (accessed 16 October 2013)

Display


William E Michaels in the 91st PA gedcom on RootsWeb WorldConnect

William E Michael in the 91st PA database

1850 census

[1850 US census, Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, Spring Garden, ward 6, microfilm series M432, film 819, page 305 recto = 609 handwritten to 305 verso = 610 handwritten]
[identification is likely, since (1) the apparent parents' names match the names in his death notice, which matches closely enough the death information in the pension index by unit cards (entry 34 below) and the National Military Home records (entry 37 below)]
[the National Home records his death date as 19 December 1919; I suspect that is the day they were notified of his death, which apparently occurred in Philadelphia]
line40414212
Dwellings visited377    
Families visited750    
NameJacob MichaelAdelaide "Wm "Elizabeth MichaelSusannah "
Age3630975
SexMFMFF
Color     
Occupation of males over 15 yearsEngineer    
Real estate owned     
Birthplaceditto [sc. Pennsylvania]dittodittoPennsylvaniaditto
Married within year     
Attended school within year  1  
Over 20 & can't read/write     
Deaf, dumb, blind, etc.     

1860 census

[1860 US census, Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, 14th ward, 1st division, microfilm series M653, film 1164, page 223 = 223 handwritten]
[identification is likely; see the note on the 1850 census transcribed above]
line91011121314
Dwelling number1421     
Family number1582     
NameJac MichaelAdelaidWmSusanElizSerena Carlisle
Age483918151738
Sexmfmfff
Color      
OccupationMiller Paper Hanger   
Value of real estate owned      
Value of personal estate2000     
Place of birthPennaPhila""""
Married within year      
Attended school within year      
Cannot read & write      
Deaf, dumb, blind, etc.      

1870 census

[1870 US census, Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, ward 15, district 44, microfilm series M593, film 1399, page 519 recto = 181 handwritten (FamilySearch)]
[identification is likely; see the note on the 1850 census transcribed above]
line2324252627
Dwelling-house number1204    
Family number1144    
NameMichael Jacob" Adalaide" Wm" Lizzie" Susan
Age5549272422
SexMFMFF
Color" [sc. W]""""
OccupationMillerKeeping housePaper Hanger  
Real estate value8000    
Personal estate value5000    
BirthplacePennaPennaPennaPennaPenna
Father foreign born     
Mother foreign born     
Birth month if born within year     
Marriage month if married within year     
Attended school past year     
Can't read     
Can't write     
Deaf, dumb, blind, etc.     
Male US citizen at least 21 years old1 1  
Male US citizen at least 21 years old who can't vote ...     

1910 census

[1910 US census, Ohio, Montgomery County, Jefferson, National Home for Disabled Volunteer Soldiers, enumeration district 135, microfilm series M1283, film 1218, page 285 = 45 A]
[identification is speculative, because (1) I have not been able to locate him in the National Military Home in the 1890 and 1900 censuses, (2) his parents' birthplaces do not match those listed in the other census records I have found, and (3) his having been married for 42 years suggests he was married in 1870, but the William in the 1870 census entry transcribed above seems to be living with his parents and siblings, and not a spouse]
line 
street 
house nr 
dwelling nr 
family nr 
nameMichaels William E
relationship-
sexM
colorW
age69
marital statusM2
#years present marriage42
mother of # children 
mother of # living children 
birthplacePennsylvania
father's birthplaceNew York
mother's birthplaceNew Jersey
immigrated 
naturalized/alien 
speaks EnglishEnglish
occupationNone
nature of industry etc. 
employer etc. 
out of work 15 Apr 1910? 
# weeks out of work 1909 
can read 
can write 
school since 1 Sep 09 
owned/rented 
owned free or mortagaged 
farm/house 
nr on farm schedule 
civil war vetUA
blind 
deaf & dumb 

index to compiled service records

[index to compiled service records of volunteer Union soldiers who served in organizations from the state of Pennsylvania]
[transcribed 19 January 2015, from Fold3]


Michael William E.
Co. F, 91 Pennsylvania Inf.
Sergt | Capt
REFERENCE CARD.
Original filed under
Michaels William E.

GENERAL INDEX CARD.

Michaels William E.
Co. F, 91 Pennsylvania Inf.
Sergt. | Capt.
See also [blank]

GENERAL INDEX CARD.

VA pension payment card

[Veterans administration pension payment cards, 1907-1933, National Archives and Records Administration, microfilm series M850, film 1548, William E Michael]
[transcribed 14 October 2013, from FamilySearch]

NAME: Michael William E.
262.510
Certificate No. 750025
ARMY INVALID.
Law. Act of May 11, 1912.
[the preceding act date is written above the following, which is crossed out:] Act Feb. 6. '07
Service Capt. F 91 Pa. V I
ISSUE
CLASS.RATE.DATE OF COMMENCEMENT.DATE OF CERTIFICATE.
Reis.1512 Oct 1125 Oct 11
REISSUE.25MAY 29 1912FEB 5 1913
INCREASE.30Sept. 13, 1916Jan 8, 1917
Fees: 40 JUN 10 1918
Transferred from WASHINGTON, D.C. [which is stamped over:] COLUMBUS OHIO.
Transferred to: [blank]
Died Dec 19. 1919
3-1681
Bureau notified: JAN 20 1920
Remarks: [blank]
Former Roll No. W.L JAN 12 1917
House: C.H. ['C.H.' is stamped to the right of the following crossed-out entry:] B.H.

Register of the National Military Home

[US National Homes for Disabled Volunteer Soldiers, 1866-1938, Dayton, Registers, M, transcribed from Ancestry, image 1793 of 7148, transcribed February 2011]

William E. Michael
18020

MILITARY HISTORY
Time and Place of Each Enlistment.Apl 22d 1861
Phila. Pa.
Oct 24" 1861
Phila. Pa.
Rank.SgtCapt
Company and Regiment.D 22d Pa InfB 91" Pa Inf
Time and Place of Discharge.Aug 9" 1861
Phila. Pa.
July 10" 1865
Phila. Pa.
Cause of Discharge.Exp Term
(3 Mos.)
End of War
Kind and Degree of Disability.Rheum and Ht disease
When and Where Contracted 


DOMESTIC HISTORY
WHERE BORN.Penna
Age.50
Height.5-10
Complexion.Lt
Color of Eyes.Gray
Color of Hair.Gray
OCCUPATION.Tile Setter

Read + write yes
Residence Subsequent to Discharge.Phila Pa.
Married or Single.Married
P.O. Address of Nearest Relative.Mother
Adalade Michael
671 No. 15" St
Phila. Pa.


HOME HISTORY.
Rate of Pension.Date of Admission Re-Admission and Transfer.Condition of Re-admission.Date of Discharge and Transfer.Cause of Discharge.Date of Death.Cause of Death.
12 00
$15 00
$25 00
$30 00 13-9-1916
$40 00

750025
May 20" 1891

Gen Sewell
Protestant
    Dec 19 1919 unknown

GENERAL REMARKS
Died at Philadelphia, Pa.
PAPERS.
Admission PaperOne
Army Discharge 
Certificate of ServiceOne One Capt Levin [?] 2 Lieut Com +c
Pension CertificateAdm Pensd fr. 22 May 91 @12 00 per mo Act June 27 90 Rheum and Dis Eyes.
4 Mch 92 $112.80 Pensd [?] on 91 Pa Inf $15 00 from Oct. 12 1911: Act Feb 6. 1907"
$25 00 from May 29. 1912: Act May 11.1912
EFFECTS
Labor Money $ none
Pension Money $ none
Personal, Appraised atsold for $ none
Total 
How disposed of   

death notice

[death notice, Philadelphia Inquirer Friday 19 December 1919, page 18]
[(transcribed 13 October 2013, from GenealogyBank)]

MICHAEL.--Dec. 17, WILLIAM E., son of late Jacob and Adelaide Michael. Funeral services, 1530 Fairmount ave., Sat., 2 P.M. Int. private.


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revised 21 Jan 15
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