91st PA: George W Murphy

George W Murphy

picture of George Murphy
(Thanks to Denny Carroll for providing this picture!)
picture of George Murphy
(Thanks to Joe Fulginiti for this image)

Name

The Official Army Register spells his name 'Murphey' (4).

Before the war

He was born in 1841/42 (9 (19 in 1861), 21 (26 at death in 1862), 23 (27 at death)). He was a native of County Antrim, Ireland (7). He was born to William and Lattatia [?] Murphy (21).

His brother Adam Murphy also served in company I (6). They may be related to Daniel Murphy (F/D) (6). They also had a sister, Mary Murphy (7).

When he enlisted, he was living at Philadelphia, Pennsylvania (9).

During the war

At some point, he recruited for company I of Colonel Gregory's regiment (8).

He enlisted and was mustered into service, in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, on 17 September 1861 (1, 9, 11). He was mustered in as first lieutenant of company I (9, 25-26). On 15 October 1861, he was appointed first lieutenant, company I (1, 5).

On 29 June 1862, he, along with the other commissioned officers in the regiment (except Colonel Gregory), signed a statement denying accusations that they were on the verge of open mutiny, that the regiment had been reduced to 400 men, and that Colonel Gregory was too lenient to Confederates and too harsh to men in the regiment (10).

Before his death, he was trying to get James Todd (I) a sick furlough (24).

He was killed on 13 December 1862 at Fredericksburg, Virginia (1, 4, 5, 9, 21 [14 Dec], 22, 23 [14 Dec], 24). He was killed before the charge, while the 91st was in line on the Fredericksburg Road (1, page 187). He was first lieutenant of company I (25-26). He was probably the lieutenant Gregory refers to as severely wounded by Confederate enfilading fire, and dying after that (3, 22).

He is buried in a grave in Laurel Hill Cemetery, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania (7, 21, 23). The grave was unmarked for a hundred and forty years, but now has a marker provided by the VA (12). He was buried from 449 North 2nd Street, on 19 December 1862 (21), or from 1443 North Eighth Street, which was W W Binder's residence (23).

Sources

1 Bates, Samuel Penniman. History of Pennsylvania volunteers, 1861-5. Harrisburg: B. Singerly, state printer, 1869-71. 5 volumes. 'Ninety-first regiment', volume 3, pages 186-233. (In the roster, and on page 187)

2 Joseph Welch. '91st Regiment PA Infantry'. In Pennsylvania at Gettysburg, volume 1 (1914). Pages 500-507, at page 501.

3 report, by Edgar Gregory, 18 December 1862, in Official Records series 1, volume 21, pages 438-440, at page 439.

4 Official Army Register

5 regimental descriptive book

6 e-mail, Denny Carroll (George Murphy)

7 e-mail, Denny Carroll, 28 November 2003

8 recruiting poster, Colonel Gregory's regiment, company I (Geo Murphy)

9 Civil War Veterans' Card File, available at the Pennsylvania State Archives, searched 14 March 2005 (George Murphy)

10 'Ninety-first Pennsylvania Regiment'. Philadelphia Inquirer, 11 July 1862, page 2 (George Murphy)

11 'Camp Chase at Gray's Ferry' Philadelphia Inquirer 19 October 1861 page 8 (- Murphy)

12 e-mail, Denny Carroll, November 2006

13 grave marker (thanks to Denny Carroll for the picture!)

19 'Camp Chase', Philadelphia Inquirer 30 November 1861 (Geo Murphy)

20 'Departure of Col. Gregory's regiment', Philadelphia Inquirer 22 January 1862 page 2 (Geo Murphy)

21 death certificate, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, 14 December 1862 (George Murphy)

22 anonymous, 'From the Ninety-first Penna Regiment', Philadelphia Inquirer 9 March 1863, page 2 (Lieutenant Murphy)

23 death notice, Philadelphia Inquirer 19 December 1862 page 3 (also printed on 18 December 1862 page 2) (George Murphy)

24 dependents' pension certificate files, National Archives and Records Administration, RG 15, dependent's certificate 73,607, Elizabeth Todd mother of James Allen Todd (lieu Murphy)

25 index to compiled service records of volunteer Union soldiers who served in organizations from the state of Pennsylvania (George Murphey)

26 index to compiled service records of volunteer Union soldiers who served in organizations from the state of Pennsylvania (George W Murphy)

Sources checked unsuccessfully

pension index, by name
Ancestry index (accessed 29 March 2006)
1890 US census, veterans schedules
Ancestry index (accessed 29 March 2006)

index to compiled service records

[index to compiled service records of volunteer Union soldiers who served in organizations from the state of Pennsylvania]
[transcribed 3 February 2015, from Fold3]


Murphey, George
Co. I, 91 Pennsylvania Inf.
1 Lieut. | 1 Lieut.
REFERENCE CARD.
Original filed under
Murphy George W.

GENERAL INDEX CARD.


[card 2, transcribed 3 February 2015]

Murphy George W.
Co. I, 91 Pennsylvania Inf.
1 Lieut | 1 Lieut
See also [blank]

GENERAL INDEX CARD.

death certificate

[death certificate, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, 14 December 1862, George Murphy]
[thanks to Ed McLaughlin for finding this!]
[this consists of a form laying over the top half of the Philadelphia death certificate; the Philadelphia death certificate is almost illegibly light]

Washington DC Dec 16th 1862.
This Certifies, That George Murphy Lieut of Co I Reg't 91 State Penna died on the 14" day of December 1862, aged 26 years.
Cause of Death, Direct, Gun shot wound[.] Indirect, --
Chas D Brown [?] M.D. Surgeon.
[illegible] Reg't 91th State Pa

10. When a Minor, Name of Mather, Wm Murphy
Name of Mother, Lattatie [?] Murphy
11. Ward, 11th [?]
12. Street and Number, 449 North 2 S
13. Date of Burial Dec 19th 1862
14. Place of Burial, Laurel Hill Cemetery
[illegible] [UNDERTAKER]
Residence, 221 Coates
Date of Certificate, Dec 17th 1862

death notice

[death notice, Philadelphia Inquirer 19 December 1862 page 3 (also printed on 18 December 1862 page 2), George Murphy]

MURPHY.--On the 14th instant Lieut. George Murphy, Co I, Ninety-first Regiment, P.V., who was killed in battle at Fredericksburg, Va., aged 27 years.

The relatives and friends of the family, also the military of the city, are respectfully invited to attend the funeral, from the residence of W. W. Binder, No. 1443 N. Eighth street, on this (Friday) afternoon, at one o'clock. To proceed to Laurel Hill Cemetery.


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revised 3 Feb 14
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