91st PA: George S Phillips

George S Phillips

Before the war

He was born about 1834/36, in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, to Frederick B Philips and Eliza Lenhard. They were married on 13 August 1829. [sources: 4, 10 (29 at death in 1864), 12, 13 (14 in 1850)]

In 1850, he was living in Middle Ward, Camden, Camden County, New Jersey. He was living with his parents Frederick B and Eliza Phillips, and his sister Isabella. He had attended school within the year. [source: 13]

On 25 October 1850, his sister Emily Theresa Phillips was born. [source: 12]

On 26 January 1851, his father, Fred B Philips, died at Camden, New Jersey. [source: 12]

When he enlisted, he was a cordwai[ner]. [source: 4]

Description

When he enlisted, he was 5 feet 7 (?) inches tall, and had a dark complexion, dark eyes, and dark hair. [source: 4]

During the war

He enlisted and was mustered into service on 13 November 1861. He enlisted at Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. He was mustered as a private in company H. He had rifle number 39. [sources: 1, 4, 14-15]

On 10 June 1862, his mother died, at Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. [source: 12]

He fought at the Battle of Gettysburg. He and Stephen Whinna briefly relieved William C Reiff and Jim Thompson from about midnight until 2 AM on 2 July, since Reiff and Thompson couldn't stay awake. [sources: 6, 7]

He reenlisted as a veteran volunteer. He enlisted on 24 December 1863, at Bealton, Virginia, and was mustered in on 26 December 1863, at Bealton, Virginia. [sources: 1, 12]

On 6 October 1864, he was promoted to corporal. [sources: 2, 8]

He was wounded on 27 October 1864 at Boyndton Road, Hatcher's Run, Virginia. A bullet entered the left side of his chin, and lodged beneath the angle of the inferior maxilla. [sources: 1, 3, 10, 1]

On 31 October 1864, he was admitted to a hospital in Washington DC. On 4 November 1864, a secondary hemorrhage was stopped by compression. On 6 November 1864, Surgeon N E Mosely tied the [left] common carotid artery to stop a hemorrhage. [source: 11]

He died on 18 November 1864, in Washington DC, of those wounds. He was a corporal, in company H. He was buried in Odd Fellows' Cemetery, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. Members of the Neptune [?] Lodge number 54, International Order of Odd Fellows, and Enterprise [?] number 8, IO of S and D of AA were invited to attend the funeral. He never married, and left no widow or children. [sources: 1, 3, 4, 5, 9, 10 (17 Nov), 11 (of exhaustion, 16 Nov), 12 (17 or 18 Nov), 14-15]

After the war

On 16 December 1864, the Philadelphia Orphans' Court appointed Samuel Amey guardian of his sister-in-law Emily Theresa Phillips, on security of $300. [source: 12]

On 9 February 1865, Samuel Amey, guardian of Emily Theresa Phillips, applied successfully for a pension on her behalf. On 25 October 1865, the pension application was accepted, and a certificate dated 30 October 1865 was issued. The pension was for $8.00 per month, retroactive to 18 November 1864, and scheduled to end on 25 October 1866. [sources: 8, 12]

Sources

1 Bates, Samuel Penniman. History of Pennsylvania volunteers, 1861-5. Harrisburg: B. Singerly, state printer, 1869-71. 5 volumes. 'Ninety-first regiment', volume 3, pages 186-233. (In the roster)

2 special order 90, HQ 91st PA, 6 October 1864 (George S Phillips)

3 company H, register of deaths (George S Phillips)

4 company H, descriptive roll, #63 (George S Philips)

5 consolidated morning report, 91st Pennsylvania, 26 November 1864 (Corpl Philip)

6 Pennsylvania Memorial, Gettysburg, Pennsylvania (G S Phillips)

7 William C Reiff. 'Josie and I at Gettysburg'. Gettysburg Compiler 9 August 1911. (Jim)

8 pension index, by regiment, 91st PA Infantry, company H (George S Phillips)

9 death certificate, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, 18 Nov 1864 (Geo S Philipps)

10 death notice, Public Ledger 21 November 1864 page 2 (George S Phillips)

11 Catalogue of the United States Army Medical Museum. Prepared under the direction of the Surgeon General, U. S. Army. Washington: Government Printing Office, 1866. (G.P.)

12 pension certificate file, National Archives and Records Administration, Record Group 15, certificate WC 58451 (Emily Theresa Phillips)

13 1850 US census, New Jersey, Camden, Camden, Middle Ward, microfilm series M432, film 445, page 34 verso = 68 handwritten (George S Phillips)

14 index to compiled service records of volunteer Union soldiers who served in organizations from the state of Pennsylvania (George S Philips)

15 index to compiled service records of volunteer Union soldiers who served in organizations from the state of Pennsylvania (George S Phillips)

Sources checked unsuccessfully

1860 census
HeritageQuest index for Elizabeth Phil[l]ip[s] (accessed 14 Oct 11)
FamilySearch index (accessed 14 Oct 11)
Ancestry index (accessed 19 Feb 15)
Samuel and Isabella Amey are living in ward 19, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, page 130 = 130 handwritten (with Margaret and William Amey, but with no one named 'Phillips')
a George Philips (24 [?], born Pennsylvania) was living in ward 11, Philadelphia Pennsylvania (p.961 = 135 handwritten) with Edward Simpson et al.--but he was a brick layer
1870 census
FamilySearch index (accessed 14 Oct 11)
1880 census
FamilySearch index (accessed 14 Oct 11)
1890 US census, veterans' schedules
Ancestry index (accessed 20 Oct 11)
1900 census
FamilySearch index (accessed 14 Oct 11)
1910 census
FamilySearch index (accessed 14 Oct 11)
1920 census
FamilySearch index (accessed 14 Oct 11)
1930 census
FamilySearch index (accessed 14 Oct 11)

1850 census

[1850 US census, New Jersey, Camden, Camden, Middle Ward, microfilm series M432, film 445, page 34 verso = 68 handwritten]
[the parents' and sister's name match those in his sister's pension certificate file]
line38394041
Dwellings visited57   
Families visited61   
NameFrederick B. PhillipsEliza doIsabella doGeorge S. do
Age43401714
SexMFFM
Color    
Occupation of males over 15 yearsPrinter   
Real estate owned    
BirthplacePennsylvaniadododo
Married within year    
Attended school within year   1
Over 20 & can't read/write    
Deaf, dumb, blind, etc.    

index to compiled service records

[index to compiled service records of volunteer Union soldiers who served in organizations from the state of Pennsylvania]
[transcribed 2 Mar 2014, from Fold3]


Philips George S
Co. H, 91 Pennsylvania Inf.
Pvt | Corp
See also [blank]

GENERAL INDEX CARD.


[card 2, transcribed 21 Feb 15]

Phillips George S
Co. H, 91 Pennsylvania Inf.
Pvt | Corp
REFERENCE CARD.
Original filed under
Phillips George S

GENERAL INDEX CARD.

abstract of pension certificate file, sister Emily Theresa Phillips

[pension certificate file, National Archives and Records Administration, Record Group 15, certificate WC 58451, Emily Theresa Phillips]
[abstracted 14 October 2011, from 23 pages on Fold3]
13 August 1829
(parents of George and Emily) Fred B Philips married Eliza Lenhard (records of First German Reformed Church of Philadelphia) [p.4]
26 Jany 1851
father died at Camden NJ [p.6]
10 June 1862
mother died at Philadelphia PA [p.6]
26 Dec 1863
enrolled 24 Dec 1863 at Bealton VA in co. 'H' 91st PA [p.10]
George E [sic] Phillips mustered in as veteran private at Bealton VA[p.10]
18 November 1864
corporal George S [sic] Phillips died at Washington DC, of wounds received 27 October 1864 near Boyndton Railroad [adjutant general's office report (p.10)]
according to Captain's affidavit, Phillips died at Emory US Hospital Washington DC on 17 November 1864
according to Surgeon General, died 19 November 1864 at Emory Hospital, Washington DC, of gunshot wound [p.11]
16 Dec 1864
Philadelphia Orphans' Court appointed Samuel Amey guardian of Emily Theresa Phillips, sister of George S Phillips, on security of $300 [p.5]
9 February 1865
application for pension #82,395 [pp.6-9]
guardian Samuel Amey resided in Philadelphia Pennsylvania, post office 2028 Memphis St
John D Matthews and Nancy A Matthews testified in support
Emily Theresa Phillips born 25 October 1850; only minor less than 16
George Phillips left no widow or children, and had never married; he sent Emily board ($2.00 per week), and purchased clothing etc. for her
CT Foulks + Co attorney
19 July 1865
Adjutant General's Office replied to Pension Office with information [p.10]
24 July 1865
circular 14 [sent to] Surgeon General
11 Aug 1865
Surgeon General's Office replies to Pension Office with information (summarized above) [p.11]
22 Aug 1865
circular 14 ret some ev [?] [p.13]
letter [sent?] about names Geo, Geo S--must be corrected if error in declaration [p.13]
and dependence must be shown by specific facts [p.13]
circulars 9 and 20 sent [p.14]
21 Oct 1865
Samuel Amey swore that the full name was 'George S Phillips', and he should have used that rather than 'George Phillips', but usually called him 'George' [p.15]
received 24 October 1865
Samuel Amey swore that no public record of Emily's birth was available, and he could not find any better evidence than Nancy A Matthews' statement [p.17]
Elizabeth Wraff and Harry Prexler swore that they knew George S Phillips and his family, that Emily depended on him, that he had supported her for four years, that George's sister Isabella Phillips had married Samuel Amey, that George and Emily lived with Samuel Amey, paying board of $2 per week for Emily, purchasing clothing, that she had no other means of support, and George continued to pay Samuel Amey $20 to $40 for Emily's spport [pp.19-20]
25 October 1865
admitted to pension of $8.00 per month retroactive to 18 November 1864, scheduled to end on 25 October 1866
widow's certificate 58,451 dated 30 October 1865, sent to CT Foulks [p.14]

death certificate

[death certificate, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, 18 Nov 1864, Geo S Philipps]
[thanks to Ed McLaughlin for finding t+his!]
[this consists of a single handwritten page; it does not include a city death certificate]

"Emory" U.S Genl Hospital
Washington D.C.
Nov 18 /64
This is to certify that Geo. S. Philipps Co. H. 91st Pa died at this Hospital of gunshot wound--Also that I have embalmed his body and warrant it to bear transportation to Philadelphia Pa-
W H Ensign M.D.

death notice

[death notice, Public Ledger 21 November 1864 page 2, George S Phillips]

PHILLIPS--On the 17th inst., of wounds received on the 27th of October, in the battle before Petersburg Corp GEORGE S PHILLIPS, of the 91st Regt P.V.V. Comp. H in the 29th year of his age

Sleep, sleep, noble warrior, sleep,
The tomb is now thy bed,
Cold in its bosom thou dost rest,
In silence, with the dead.

But nobly he fought [?] on the grim battle field,
His home and his country determined to shield,
Till death put [??] his hand on his face [?] not to heal [?],
And he, once a soldier, now sleeps with the dead.

The relatives and friends of the family, also the soldiers of the 91st Regiment in the city, also the members of Neptune [?]Lodge No 54 [?], I.O. of O.F., and Enterprise [?] [illegible] No 8 [??], I.O. of S. and D of A.A., are respectfully invited to attend the funeral, from his brother in law's residence, Samuel Amy, No 2523 [??] Memphis street, below Dauphin street, on Tuesday afternoon, at 1 o'clock, without further notice. To proceed to Odd Fellows' Cemetery.


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revised 21 Feb 15
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