91st PA: Frederick Edwards Rhoads

Frederick Edwards Rhoads

Before the war

He was born in February 1843, in Lebanon, Pennsylvania. [sources: date: 7, 15; 2 (23 in 1864), 6 (38 in 1880), 13 (22 in 1863), 16 (60 yrs 8 mos 11 days at death). place: 2, 6, 7, 13, 15]

On 12 September 1861, he married Barbara Magdalena Hoerner, in Linglestown, Dauphin County, Pennsylvania. She was born on 14 May 1846, in South Hanover, Dauphin County, Pennsylvania, to Peter Hoerner and Susanna Brenneman. They apparently had thirteen children, including these:

[sources: 6, 7, 14, 15]

When he enlisted, he was a miller. [source: 2]

Description

When he enlisted, he was 5 feet 8-3/8 inches tall, and had a fair complexion, blue eyes, and brown hair. [source: 2]

During the war

In June 1863, he registered for the draft. He was living in East Hanover Township, Dauphin County, Pennsylvania. He was a miller. [source: 13]

He enlisted and was mustered into service on 8 January 1864 or 18 January 1864. He was enlisted for three years, at Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, by Captain Stretch. He was a private in company A. [sources: 1 (8 Jan), 2, 5 (18 June 1863), 18-20]

In August 1864, he was tried by court martial. [source: 12]

On 6 September 1864, he returned to the regiment from being absent in arrest. He may have been in arrest since 9 June 1864 or earlier. [sources: 9, 10]

He was wounded on 30 September 1864 at Peeble's Farm, Virginia. [source: 1]

He was discharged by general order on 22 June 1865. He was a private, in company A. [sources: 1, 5, 18-20]

After the war

He had moved to Missouri by 1868, when his daughter Barbara was born in Missouri. [source: 6]

In 1870, he was living in South Hanover, Dauphin County, Pennsylvania. He was living with his wife Barbara, and children Susan, Elizabeth, Mary, and William. He was a farmer, and owned $2,000 in real estate and $700 in personal property. [source: 14]

On 28 April 1880, he applied successfully for a pension. [source: 3]

In 1880, he was living in Briton Township, Washington County, Missouri. He was a teamster. He was living with his wife Emma [?], and his children Barbara, William George, Charles, Agnes, Sarah, and Minnie. [source: 6]

In 1890, he was living in Brinton City, Audrain County, Missouri. [source: 5]

In 1900, he was living in Loutra Township, Audrain County, Missouri. He was a farmer. He was living with his wife Barbara and children Minnie, Julia, and Harry. [source: 7]

He died on 3 November 1902. He was buried in the Benton City Cemetery, Benton City, Audrain County, Missouri. [sources: 3, 16]

His widow applied successfully for a pension. [source: 3]

In 1910, his widow was living in Loutra Township, Audrain County, Missouri. [source: 8]

In 1920, his widow, Barbara Rhoades, was living in Loutre Township, Audrain County, Missouri. [source: 11]

On 18 March 1928, his widow, Barbara Rhoades, died, in Benton City, Audrain County, Missouri. She was buried in the Benton City Cemetery, Benton City, Audrain County, Missouri. [sources: 15, 17]

Researcher

Shirley McKay is studying Frederick Edwards Rhoades, her second great-grandfather. Contact her at mckaysl@yahoo.com.

Sources

1 Bates, Samuel Penniman. History of Pennsylvania volunteers, 1861-5. Harrisburg: B. Singerly, state printer, 1869-71. 5 volumes. 'Ninety-first regiment', volume 3, pages 186-233. (In the roster) (Frederick E Rhoads)

2 company A descriptive roll, entry 121 (F E Rhoade)

3 pension index, by regiment (Frederick E Rhoades)

4 pension index, by name (Frederick E Rhoads)

5 1890 US census, veterans' schedule, Missouri, Audrain County, Doubri Township, Loutre, supervisor's district 3, enumeration district 4, page 1 (Fredie E Rhoads)

6 1880 US census, Missouri, Washington County, Briton Township, supervisor's district 2, enumeration district 168, page 12 handwritten = page 6 stamped (Fredrick Rhodes)

7 1900 US census, Missouri, Audrain County, Loutre Township, supervisor's district 9, enumeration district 4, sheet 11B = page 52 stamped (Fredrick E Rhoades)

8 1910 US census, Missouri, Audrain County, Loutra Township, supervisor's district 5, enumeration district 9, page 64 stamped = sheet 4A handwritten (Barbara Rhodes)

9 consolidated morning report, 91st Pennsylvania, 6 September 1864 (Privt Rhodes)

10 consolidated morning report, 91st Pennsylvania, 9 June 1864; see also subsequent and earlier consolidated morning reports (not named)

11 1920 US census, Missouri, Audrain County, Loutre Township, supervisor's district 9, enumeration diostrict 5, microfilm series T625, film 903, page 62 = 1 B handwritten (Barbara Rhoades)

12 National Archives Archival Research Catalog (accessed 24 July 2010) (F E Rhoades)

13 consolidated enrollment lists, 1863-1865 (Civil War Union draft records), National Archives and Records Administration, record group 110 (Frederick E Rhoads)

14 1870 US census, Pennsylvania, Dauphin County, South Hanover, microfilm series M593, film 1335, pages 610 recto = 27 handwritten to 610 verso = 28 handwritten (FamilySearch, accessed 10 Aug 12) (F E Road)

15 'Our lineage - McKays, Mundy's, and beyond', a gedcom, available on RootsWeb WorldConnect, contact Shirley McKay, updated 29 Jan 2003, accessed 10 Aug 12 (Frederick E Rhoades)

16 Find a grave memorial 28281434, created by Juanita Sloan Lawrence, added 14 July 2008, accessed 10 August 2012 (F E Rhoades)

17 Find a grave memorial 28281411, created by Juanita Sloan Lawrence, added 14 July 2008, accessed 10 August 2012 (Barbara M Rhoades)

18 index to compiled service records of volunteer Union soldiers who served in organizations from the state of Pennsylvania (Frederick E Rhoade)

19 index to compiled service records of volunteer Union soldiers who served in organizations from the state of Pennsylvania (Frederick Rhoads)

20 index to compiled service records of volunteer Union soldiers who served in organizations from the state of Pennsylvania (Frederick Roades)

Sources checked unsuccessfully

1850 US census
I did not find any clear candidates in the FamilySearch or Ancestry indices (accessed 10 August 2012)
1860 US census
I did not find any clear candidates in the FamilySearch or Ancestry indices (accessed 10 August 2012)
1930 US census
Ancestry index (accessed January 2008)
Missouri, births and christenings, 1827-1935
searched on FamilySearch for parents Frederick or F E Rhoads and Barbara (accessed 10 August 2012)
applications for headstones for military veterans, 1925-1941
FamilySearch index (accessed 10 August 2012)
US National Cemetery interment control forms, 1925-1941
Ancestry index (accessed 10 August 2012)
Missouri, deaths and burials, 1867-1976
searched on FamilySearch (accessed 10 August 2012) for Frederick, FE, or Barbara Rhoads
GenealogyBank
searched for Rhoades or Rhoads or Rhodes in Missouri newspapers in November 1902 (accessed 10 August 2012)
note that the only cities listed as having newspapers in their database are Hannibal, Kansas City, Sedalia, and St Louis

Display


Frederick E Rhoads in the 91st PA gedcom on RootsWeb WorldConnect

Frederick E Rhoads in the 91st PA database

1870 census

[1870 US census, Pennsylvania, Dauphin County, South Hanover, microfilm series M593, film 1335, pages 610 recto = 27 handwritten to 610 verso = 28 handwritten (FamilySearch, accessed 10 Aug 12)]
[identification is likely, given the location; note, however, that the names don't match precisely the 1880 census entry transcribed below]
[one other candidate is Frederick Rhoads, 27, a farmer, living in Freedom, Adams County, Pennsylvania (microfilm series M593, film 1289, page 133 verso = 4 handwritten), with Harriet (23), Margaret (3/12)]
line383940   
Dwelling-house number201     
Family number228  228  
NameRoad F E- Barbara- Susan- Eliz- Mary- Wm
Age27258726/12
Sexmffffm
Colorwwwwww
OccupationFarmerKeeping House"   
Real estate value2000     
Personal estate value700     
Birthplace" [sc. Pa]""Pa""
Father foreign born      
Mother foreign born      
Birth month if born within year     Dec
Marriage month if married within year      
Attended school past year  11  
Can't read      
Can't write      
Deaf, dumb, blind, etc.      
Male US citizen at least 21 years old1     
Male US citizen at least 21 years old who can't vote ...      

1880 census

[1880 US census, Missouri, Washington County, Briton Township, supervisor's district 2, enumeration district 168, page 12 handwritten = page 6 stamped]
[identification is likely, given the 1890 census entry transcribed below]
line2345678910
street name         
house number         
dwelling visit #90        
family visit #95        
nameRhodes, Fredrick- Emma [?]- Barbra- William- George- Charles- Agnes- Sarah- Minnie
colorWWWWWWWWW
sexMFFMMF [sic]FFF
age3835121097536/12
month born if born in year        Dec
relationship WifeDaughterSonSonSonDaughterDaughterDaughter
single  1111111
married11       
widowed/divorced         
married during year         
occupationTeamsterKeeping houseAt homeAt home     
months unemployed         
currently ill?         
blind         
deaf/dumb         
idiotic         
insane         
disabled         
school this year         
can't read         
can't write         
birthplacePennPennMissouriMissouriMissouriMissouriMissouriMissouriMissouri
father's birthplacePennPennPennPennPennPennPennPennPenn
mother's birthplacePennPennPennPennPennPennPennPennPenn

1890 census, veterans schedule

[1890 US census, veterans' schedule, Missouri, Audrain County, Doubri Township, Loutre, supervisor's district 3, enumeration district 4, page 1]
[identification is confirmed by reference to his service in the 91st]

[line] 10
[house] 44
[family] 44
[name] Rhoads Fredie E
[rank] Private
[company] A
[unit] 91 Penn inf
[enlistment date] June 18 1863
[discharge date] June [?] 22 1865
[length of service] 2 years, = months, 2 days
[post office address] Brinton City Mo
[disability incurred] [blank]
[remarks] [blank]

1900 census

[1900 US census, Missouri, Audrain County, Loutre Township, supervisor's district 9, enumeration district 4, sheet 11B = page 52 stamped]
[identification is likely, given the 1890 census entry transcribed above and the death information (confirmed by the pension index by regiment card)]
line9596979899
street     
house number     
dwelling number223    
family number223    
nameRhoades Fredrick E- Barbry M- Minnie M- Julia M- Harry H
relationshipHeadWifeDaughterDaughterSon
colorWWWWW
sexMFFFM
birth dateFeb 1843May 1846Nov 1879Oct 1882Feb 1886
age5754201714
married?MMSSS
# years married3838   
mother of how many children? 13   
# of children living 10   
birthplacePennsylvaniaPennsylvaniaMissouriMissouriMissouri
father's birthplaceGermanyPennsylvaniaPennsylvaniaPennsylvaniaPennsylvania
mother's birthplaceGermanyPennsylvaniaPennsylvaniaPennsylvaniaPennsylvania
immigration year     
# years in USA     
naturalized citizen?     
occupationFarmer   At school
# months not employed0    
# months in school  006
can readyesyesyesyesyes
can writeyesyesyesyesyes
speaks Englishyesyesyesyesyes
owned/rentedO    
free or mortgagedM    
farm/houseF    
# of farm schedule222    

1910 census

[1910 US census, Missouri, Audrain County, Loutra Township, supervisor's district 5, enumeration district 9, page 64 stamped = sheet 4A handwritten]
[identification is likely; see the 1900 census entry transcribed above]
line38
street 
house nr 
dwelling nr35
family nr35
nameRhodes Barbara
relationshipHead
sexF
colorW
age64
marital statusWd
#years present marriage0
mother of # children13
mother of # living children9
birthplacePennsylvania
father's birthplacePennsylvania
mother's birthplacePennsylvania
immigrated 
naturalized/alien 
speaks EnglishEnglish
occupationHousework
nature of industry etc.House Dwelling
employer etc.W
out of work 15 Apr 1910? 
# weeks out of work 1909 
can readyes
can writeyes
school since 1 Sep 09 
owned/rentedO
owned free or mortagagedF
farm/houseH
nr on farm schedule0
civil war vet3
blind7
deaf & dumbX

1920 census

[1920 US census, Missouri, Audrain County, Loutre Township, supervisor's district 9, enumeration diostrict 5, microfilm series T625, film 903, page 62 = 1 B handwritten]
[identification is likely; see the 1900 census entry transcribed above]
line59
street 
house numberX
dwelling visit number16
family visit number16
nameRhoades, Barbara
relationshipHead
own/rentO
free/mortgaged (if owned)F
sexF
raceW
age at last birthday73
marital statusWd
year of immigration 
naturalized/alien 
year of naturalization 
attended school since Sept 1919 
can readyes
can writeyes
birth placePennsylvania
native language 
father's birthplacePennsylvania
father's native language 
mother's birthplacePennsylvania
mother's native language 
can speak Englishyes
occupationNone
industry, business 
employment status 
number of farm schedule 

draft registration

[consolidated enrollment lists, 1863-1865 (Civil War Union draft records), National Archives and Records Administration, record group 110]
[transcribed from Ancestry, 10 August 2012]

SCHEDULE I.--CONSOLIDATED LIST of all persons of CLASS I, subject to do military duty in the Fourteenth Congressional District, consisting of the Counties of Dauphin Snyder, Juniata, Union and Northumberland State of Pennsylvania, enumerated during the month of June, 1863, under direction of Jno. Kay Clement, Provost Marshal.
RESIDENCE Dauphin Co" [sc. East Hanover Tp]
NAME15 Rhoads Frederick E.
AGE 1st July, 1863.22
WHITE OR COLORED." [sc. White]
PROFESSION, OCCUPATION, OR TRADE.Miller
MARRIED OR UNMARRIED.Married
PLACE OF BIRTH." [sc. Pennsylvania]
FORMER MILITARY SERVICE.[blank]
REMARKS[blank]

index to compiled service records

[index to compiled service records of volunteer Union soldiers who served in organizations from the state of Pennsylvania]
[transcribed 2 March 2015, from Fold3]


Rhoade [sic], Frederick E.
     or Frederick
Co. A, 91 Pennsylvania Inf.
Pvt | Pvt
See also [blank]

GENERAL INDEX CARD.


[card 2, transcribed 2 Mar 15]

Rhoads, Frederick
Co. A, 91 Pennsylvania Inf.
Pvt | Pvt
REFERENCE CARD.
Original filed under
Rhode [sic], Frederick E.
[Fold3's digitization has a Frederick Rhodes in D 188 PA Inf, and a Frederick Rhodes in F 88 PA Inf, but no Frederick Rhode in the 91st PA]

GENERAL INDEX CARD.


[card 3, transcribed 15 Mar 15]

Roades, Frederick
Co. A, 91 Pennsylvania Inf.
Pvt | Pvt
REFERENCE CARD.
Original filed under
Rhoades, Frederick E.

GENERAL INDEX CARD.

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revised 2 Mar 15
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