91st PA: Samuel S Royal

Samuel S Royal

Before the war

He was born on 24 May 1841, in Weymouth, Dorset, England, to John Royal and Lettis Margaret Harris. [sources: date: 11, 15, 23; 2 (23 in 1865), 3, 5 (68 in 1910), 6 (59 in 1900), 7 (39 in 1880), 8 (29 in 1870), 18 (17 in 1860). place: 2, 3, 5, 6, 7, 7, 11, 15, 18, 23. parents: 11, 15, 23]

He was educated in the British and Town Hall Schools. [source: 11]

When he was fourteen years old, he was apprenticed to a blacksmith. [source: 11]

He was supposed to be one of the crew of the Great Eastern, but chose to come to the United States instead. [source: 12]

In 1856, he immigrated to the United States. He was naturalized by 1900. [sources: 5, 6 (1857), 11 (1857)]

He lived for a year in Ashtabula County, Ohio. While he was there, he "formed the acquaintance of old John Brown". He was invited to join in the raid on Harper's Ferry, but declined. One of his cousins died with Brown in Kansas. [sources: 11, 12]

He moved to Warren, Trumbull County, Ohio. He was a blacksmith. He lived in Warren until the Civil War started. [sources: 11, 13]

In 1860, he was living in Warren Village, Trumbull County, Ohio. He was a blacksmith. [source: 18]

On 6 October 1860, he married Mary Ann Baker. She was born in 1840/41, in Ohio. They had five children:

[sources: 8, 11, 22]

When he enlisted, he was a blacksmith. [source: 3]

Description

When he enlisted, he was 5 feet 11-1/2 inches tall, and had a fair complexion, grey eyes, and light hair. [sources: 2, 3]

During the war

He also served in company G of the 6th Ohio Cavalry. He served from 15 July 1861 to 18 March 1862. [sources: 9, 10, 11]

In 1863, he moved to Otter Creek Township, Mercer County. He had a small blacksmith shop there. [source: 11]

He was a substitute for J Woodsides. He was enlisted and mustered into service on 21 March 1865. He was enlisted for one year, at Meadville, Pennsylvania, by Captain Derickson. He was mustered in as a private in company K. His service was credited to the 15th subdivision of the 20th congressional district. [sources: 1, 2, 3 (Derson), 24]

He mustered out with his company on 10 July 1865. He was a private, in company K. [sources: 1, 24]

After the war

He established a blacksmith shop at Fredonia. He continued there until 1893. [source: 11]

In 1870, he was living in Fairview Township, Mercer County, Pennsylvania. He was a blacksmith, and owned $6,600 in real property, and $415 in personal property. He was living with his wife Mary, and children John, Sammuel, Lettice, Margaret, and Mary, along with two apparently unrelated people. [source: 8]

In 1872, he married Mary Ann Kashner. She was born in August 1854, in Pennsylvania. They had three known children:

[sources: 5 (3 children 2 alive in 1900), 6 (3 children 1 alive in 1910), 7, 11, 16, 23]

On 1 March 1879, he applied successfully for a pension. [sources: 4, 10]

In 1880, he was living in Fairview Township, Mercer County, Pennsylvania. He was a blacksmith. He was living with his wife Mary, and children Mary, Minnie, William, and Annie. [source: 7]

In 1890, he was living in Fredonia, Mercer County, Pennsylvania. [source: 9]

In 1893, he retired from his blacksmith shop, and moved to a farm. [source: 11]

In 1900, he was living in Fairview Township, Mercer County, Pennsylvania. He was a farmer. He was living with his wife Mary, children William and Warren, and a laborer. [source: 6]

In 1908, he was living in Kremis, Pennsylvania. He preferred Foraker for president. (This was presumably Joseph B Foraker, Senator from Ohio, who was a candidate for the Republican nomination [see 'Joseph B Foraker' on Wikipedia (last revised 19 November 2010, accessed 18 December 2010)].) He thought "[t]he McCumber bill would have been better if it had been five years shorter". (I don't know to what bill this refers. I assume McCumber was Porter James McCumber, Senator from North Dakota [see 'Porter James McCumber' in the Biographical dictionary of the United States Congress (accessed 18 December 2010).) [source: 12]

In 1909, he was a member of the Reformed Church. He was an "earnest and effective Prohibitionist", "one of the best known advocates of Prohibition in the county". [source: 11]

In 1910, he was living in Fairview Township, Mercer County, Pennsylvania. He was a retired farmer. He was living with his son William Royal, William's family, and his wife Mary. [source: 5]

On 30 April 1910, he died, in Farrell [?] Township, Mercer County, Pennsylvania. He died of organic disease of heart and mitral regurgitation. He was a farmer. On 3 May 1910, he was buried in Millbank Cemetery, Fredonia, Mercer County, Pennsylvania. [sources: 10, 14, 15, 17 (1909), 21 (1909), 22 (1909)]

On 27 June 1910, his widow, Mary A Royal, applied successfully for a pension. [sources: 4, 10]

In 1920, his widow, Mary Royal, was living in Fredonia, Mercer County, Pennsylvania. [source: 19]

On 15 February 1925, his widow, Mary Royal, died, in Fredonia, Mercer County, Pennsylvania. She was buried in Millbank Cemetery, Fredonia, Mercer County, Pennsylvania. [sources: 16, 20]

Sources

1 Bates, Samuel Penniman. History of Pennsylvania volunteers, 1861-5. Harrisburg: B. Singerly, state printer, 1869-71. 5 volumes. 'Ninety-first regiment', volume 3, pages 186-233. (In the roster) (Samuel S Royal)

2 company K, third descriptive roll (Samuel S Royal)

3 company K, fourth descriptive roll (Samuel S Royal)

4 pension index, by name (Samuel Royal)

5 1910 US census, Pennsylvania, Mercer County, Fairview Township, supervisor's district 19 [?], enumeration district 145, microfilm series T624, film 1374, page 46 = 6 B handwritten (Samuel Royal)

6 1900 US census, Pennsylvania, Mercer County, Fairview, supervisor's district 19, enumeration district 133, microfilm series T623, film 1440, page 107 = 1 A handwritten (Samuel Royal)

7 1880 US census, Pennsylvania, Mercer County, Fairview Township, microfilm series T9, film 1154, page 39 = 21 A handwritten (Samuel Royal)

8 1870 US census, Pennsylvania, Mercer County, Fairview Township, microfilm series M593, film 1373, page 62 = 22 handwritten (Sam'l Royal)

9 1890 US census, veterans' schedule, Pennsylvania, Mercer County, Fredonia, supervisor's district 10, enumeration district 50, pages 1-2 (Samuel Royal)

10 pension index, by regiment, 91st PA Infantry, company K (Samuel Royal)

11 'Samuel Royal.' J G White. A twentieth century history of Mercer County Pennsylvania. Chicago: The Lewis Publishing Company, 1909. Volume II. Pages 843-844. (Samuel Royal)

12 'Soldier and sailor'. National Tribune 4 June 1908, page 6 (Samuel Royal)

13 'Trumbull County Ohio Civil War veterans' (accessed 29 June 2012) (Samuel Royal)

14 Pennsylvania death indices, 1910 ("Royal, Samuel; 45442; Mercer Co.; Apr. 30.")

15 death certificate, Pennsylvania, 30 April 1910, file number 45442 (Samuel Royal)

16 Find a grave, memorial 50,577,180, created by Terence Whalen, 2 April 2010 accessed 19 January 2013 (Mary A Royal [wife of Samuel Royal])

17 Find a grave, memorial 50,577,183, created by Terence Whalen, 2 April 2010, accessed 19 January 2013 (Samuel Royal [uncertain id, especially given the year of death])

18 1860 US census, Ohio, Trumbull County, Warren Village, microfilm series M653, film 1041, page 212 verso = 28 handwritten (FamilySearch) (S Royal)

19 1920 US census, Pennsylvania, Mercer County, Fredonia, supervisor's district 17, enumeration district 36, microfilm series T625, film 1601, page 35 = 2 B handwritten (FamilySearch) (Mary Royal)

20 Pennsylvania death indices, 1925 ("Royal Mary E.; 14563; Fredonia; Feb. 15,")

21 Pennsylvania veterans burial cards, 1929-1990 (Samuel Royal)

22 'Young/Boies/Hanks/Poulson family tree' (on Ancestry, owner dgarling5, accessed 19 Jan 2013) [includes pictures of Samuel Royal] (Samuel Royal)

23 'Dillinger/Baugh family tree' (on Ancestry, owner lcarlson1103, accessed 19 Jan 2013) [includes pictures of Samuel Royal] (Samuel Royal)

24 index to compiled service records of volunteer Union soldiers who served in organizations from the state of Pennsylvania (Samuel S Royal)

Sources checked unsuccessfully

1850 US census
FamilySearch index (accessed 16 January 2013)
1930 US census
FamilySearch and Ancestry indices (accessed 16 January 2013)
RootsWeb WorldConnect
accessed 16 January 2013 (searched for Samuel Royal d. 1910 and for Samuel Royal married Mary Ann Kashner)
applications for headstones for military veterans 1925-1941
FamilySearch index (accessed 16 January 2013)

Display


Samuel Royal in the 91st PA gedcom on RootsWeb WorldConnect

Samuel Royal in the 91st PA database

1860 census

[1860 US census, Ohio, Trumbull County, Warren Village, microfilm series M653, film 1041, page 212 verso = 28 handwritten (FamilySearch)]
[I did not transcribe the other people in this household, headed by R C Darling (29, blacksmith, born NY)]
[identification is likely since the location matched the location listed in the biographical note transcribed below]
line39
Dwelling number[182]
Family number[185]
NameS Royal
Age17
Sexm
Color 
Occupation " [sc. Blacksmith]
Value of real estate owned 
Value of personal estate 
Place of birthEngland
Married within year 
Attended school within year 
Cannot read & write 
Deaf, dumb, blind, etc. 

1870 census

[1870 US census, Pennsylvania, Mercer County, Fairview Township, microfilm series M593, film 1373, page 62 = 22 handwritten]
[identification is confirmed by the spouses and children listed in the biographical note transcribed below]
line123456789
Dwelling-house number157        
Family number157        
NameRoyal Sam'l- Mary A- John- Samuel H- Lettice- Margaret- Mary EShryble [?] John- Walker James
Age29299751240 [?]18
Sexmfmmfffmm
Colorwwwwwwwww
OccupationBlacksmithKeeping H     D. LaborerApprent. blacksm
Real estate value6600        
Personal estate value415        
BirthplaceEnglandOhio " "Penn" "" "" "Wurttenburg G.Penn
Father foreign born1 111111 
Mother foreign born1      1 
Birth month if born within year         
Marriage month if married within year         
Attended school past year  111    
Can't read         
Can't write         
Deaf, dumb, blind, etc.         
Male US citizen at least 21 years old1      1 
Male US citizen at least 21 years old who can't vote ...         

1880 census

[1880 US census, Pennsylvania, Mercer County, Fairview Township, microfilm series T9, film 1154, page 39 = 21 A handwritten]
[identification is confirmed by the spouses and children listed in the biographical note transcribed below]
line123456
street name      
house number      
dwelling visit #10     
family visit #10     
nameRoyal Samuel- Mary- Mary- Minnie- William H- Annie
colorWWWWWW
sexMFFFMF
age392613753
month born if born in year      
relationship WifeDaughterDaughterSonDaughter
single  1111
married11    
widowed/divorced      
married during year      
occupationBlacksmithKeeping HouseAt Home   
months unemployed      
currently ill?      
blind      
deaf/dumb      
idiotic      
insane      
disabled      
school this year  11  
can't read      
can't write      
birthplaceEnglandPaPaPaPaPa
father's birthplaceBermudaPaEnglandEnglandEnglandEngland
mother's birthplaceEnglandPaOhioPaPaPa

1890 census, veterans schedule

[1890 US census, veterans' schedule, Pennsylvania, Mercer County, Fredonia, supervisor's district 10, enumeration district 50, page 1]
[identification is confirmed given his reported service (assuming '95' is a mistake for '91') and location]

[line] 12
[house] 70
[family] 76
[name] Samuel Royal
[rank] Private
[company] G
[unit] 6 Ohio Cav Regt
[enlistment date] July (15) 1861
[discharge date] Mar (18) 1862
[length of service] x years, 8 months, 3 days
[post office address] [blank]
[disability incurred] [blank]
[remarks] [blank]

[1890 US census, veterans' schedule, Pennsylvania, Mercer County, Fredonia, supervisor's district 10, enumeration district 50, page 2]
[line] 13
[house] 70
[family] 76
[name] Samuel Royal
[rank] Private
[company] K
[unit] 95 [sic] Pa [illegible word]
[enlistment date] March 12 1865
[discharge date] July 10 1865
[length of service] x years, 3 months, 28 days
[post office address] [crossed-out entry]
[disability incurred] [crossed-out entry]
[remarks] [blank]

1900 census

[1900 US census, Pennsylvania, Mercer County, Fairview, supervisor's district 19, enumeration district 133, microfilm series T623, film 1440, page 107 = 1 A handwritten]
[identification is confirmed by the spouses and children listed in the biographical note transcribed below]
line2324252627
street     
house number     
dwelling number5    
family number5    
nameRoyal Samuel- Mary K [?]- William- WarrenFisher George
relationshipHeadWifeSonSon-
colorWWWWW
sexMFMMM
birth dateMay 1841 [?]Aug 1854Aug 1874May 1883- 1884
age59 [?]55251716
married?MMSSS
# years married2828   
mother of how many children? 3   
# of children living 2   
birthplaceEnglandPennsylvaniaPennsylvaniaPennsylvaniaPennsylvania
father's birthplaceEnglandPennsylvaniaEnglandEnglandPennsylvania
mother's birthplaceEnglandPennsylvaniaPennsylvaniaPennsylvaniaPennsylvania
immigration year1857    
# years in USA43    
naturalized citizen?Na    
occupationFarmer Farm LaborerFarm LaborerFarm Laborer
# months not employed    4
# months in school     
can readyesyesyesyesyes
can writeyesyesyesyesyes
speaks Englishyesyesyesyesyes
owned/rentedO    
free or mortgagedM    
farm/houseF    
# of farm schedule4    

1910 census

[1910 US census, Pennsylvania, Mercer County, Fairview Township, supervisor's district 19 [?], enumeration district 145, microfilm series T624, film 1374, page 46 = 6 B handwritten]
[identification is probable; see the note on the 1900 census transcribed above]
line66676869707172
streetNew Road to Frederick [?]
house nr       
dwelling nr120      
family nr121      
nameRoyal William- Cary [?]- Robert- Martha- Doris- Samuel- Mary
relationshipHeadWifeSonDaughterDaughterFatherMother
sexMFMFFMF
colorWWWWWWW
age3432651 6/126855
marital statusM 2 [?]M 1SSSMM
#years present marriage88    [illegible]
mother of # children 3    3
mother of # living children 3    1
birthplacePennsylvaniaPennsylvaniaPennsylvaniaPennsylvaniaPennsylvaniaEnglandPennsylvania
father's birthplaceEnglandPennsylvaniaPennsylvaniaPennsylvaniaPennsylvaniaEnglandPennsylvania
mother's birthplacePennsylvaniaPennsylvaniaPennsylvaniaPennsylvania [?]PennsylvaniaScotlandPennsylvania
immigrated     1856 
naturalized/alien     Na 
speaks EnglishEnglishEnglish   EnglishEnglish
occupationFarmerNoneNoneNoneNoneFarmerNone
nature of industry etc.Farmer    Retired 
employer etc.OA      
out of work 15 Apr 1910?       
# weeks out of work 1909       
can readYesYes   YesNo [?]
can writeYesYes   YesNo
school since 1 Sep 09       
owned/rentedR      
owned free or mortagaged       
farm/houseF      
nr on farm schedule116      
civil war vet     UA 
blind     N 
deaf & dumb     Y 

1920 census

[1920 US census, Pennsylvania, Mercer County, Fredonia, supervisor's district 17, enumeration district 36, microfilm series T625, film 1601, page 35 = 2 B handwritten (FamilySearch)]
[identification is likely; see the note on the 1900 census entry transcribed above]
line57
street 
house number 
dwelling visit number53
family visit number53
nameRoyal Mary
relationshiphead
own/rentO
free/mortgaged (if owned)F
sexF
raceW
age at last birthday65
marital statusWd
year of immigration 
naturalized/alien 
year of naturalization 
attended school since Sept 1919 
can readyes
can writeyes
birth placePennsylvania
native language 
father's birthplaceOhio
father's native language 
mother's birthplaceOhio
mother's native language 
can speak Englishyes
occupationnone
industry, business 
employment status 
number of farm schedule 

index to compiled service records

[index to compiled service records of volunteer Union soldiers who served in organizations from the state of Pennsylvania]
[transcribed 15 March 2015, from Fold3]


Royal, Samuel S.
     or Samuel
Co. K, 91 Pennsylvania Inf.
Pvt | Pvt
See also [blank]

GENERAL INDEX CARD.

Biographical note

['Samuel Royal.' J G White. A twentieth century history of Mercer County Pennsylvania. Chicago: The Lewis Publishing Company, 1909. Volume II. Pages 843-844.]

SAMUEL ROYAL.--The broad and honorable career of Samuel Royal, of Fairview township, Mercer county, has covered a number of diverse fields, for he has gained a standing both as a soldier, a blacksmith, a farmer and an earnest and effective Prohibitionist. He is an Englishman, born in Weymouth, Dorset, England, on the 24th of May, 1841. His father, John Royal, was a native of the same locality, and was for many years a relief officer there. He married Margaret Harris, of Dorset, England, and the eight children of their union were as follows: Lettuce; Henry; Margaret; John, Jr.; Thomas; William H.; Samuel; and Joseph H. The mother of the family died in 1848 and the father in 1867, their children being now residents of British Columbia, Australia, America, and other quarters of the globe.

Samuel Royal received a fair education at what were known as the British and Town Hall schools and at the age of fourteen was apprenticed to the trade of a blacksmith. In 1857, two years thereafter, he sailed for America to improve his prospects in this country. He first located in Ashtabula county, Ohio, where he remained for one year and there formed the acquaintance of old John Brown, the noted Abolitionist. He then went to Warren, Ohio, where he followed his trade until the breaking out of the Civil war in 1861. He enlisted in Company G, Sixth Ohio Volunteer Cavalry, and was honorably discharged in the following year. He became a resident of Otter Creek township, Mercer county, in 1863, establishing and conducting a small blacksmith shop in that locality. But the war fever was in his blood and in 1865 he abandoned his forge and re-enlisted for service in the Union cause, joining Company K, Ninety-first Pennsylvania Volunteer Infantry. With this command he served until the close of the war. Returning from the front he resumed his work as a blacksmith, founding and establishing a shop at Fredonia, which he conducted until 1893, when he retired from the active business life on account of his health and located on his present farm.

On October 6, 1860, Samuel Royal was united in marriage to Miss Mary Ann Baker, who was born in Warren, Ohio, in 1841, and is now deceased. The five children of their union are as follows: J. F., now living at Warren, Ohio; Samuel H., a resident of Hempfield township, Mercer county; Lettuce A., now Mrs. Warren Stewart, who married a Delaware township farmer; Mary E., the wife of W. M. Mowry, of Greenville, Pennsylvania; and Margaret, Mrs. William Stewart, also a [p.844] resident of Warren, Ohio. In 1872 Mr. Royal married as a second wife Mary Ann Kashner, a native of Delaware township and daughter of James and Abbie (Smith) Kashner. The three children of this union were: William H., a farmer of Fairview township, who married Carom Billig and has three children, Robert, Martha Cora, and Anna M., who died July 8, 1899, as the wife of Austin Kremis; and Warren, a resident of Greenville, Pennsylvania, an engineer on the Bessemer Railroad, who married Kate Young, and is the father of Howard, Theodore R. and Floyd. Both Mr. and Mrs. Royal are stanch members of the Reformed church, and, as stated, Mr. Royal is one of the best known advocates of Prohibition in the county.

'Soldier and sailor'

['Soldier and sailor', National Tribune 4 June 1908, page 6]
[see SS Great Eastern (on Wikipedia, last modified 1 December 2010, accessed 18 December 2010)]


Soldier and Sailor.

Samuel Royal, 91st Pa., Kremis, Pa., remembers the Great Eastern, and it was at one time intended that he should become one of her crew, but he preferred to come to the United States from his England home, and located in Ashtabula County, O., near where Old John Brown lived. He was solicited to join with him in the Harper's Ferry invasion, but declined. He had a cousin who lost his life with Brown in Kansas. The McCumber bill would have been better if it had been five years shorter. He favors Foraker for President.

death certificate

[death certificate, Pennsylvania, 30 April 1910, file number 45442, Samuel Royal]
[obtained from Pennsylvania Division of Vital Records; transcribed 19 January 2013]


COMMONWEALTH OF PENNSYLVANIA
BUREAU OF VITAL STATISTICS
CERTIFICATE OF DEATH
File No 45442
Registered No. 13
Registration District No. 687
Primary Registration District No. 3012

PLACE OF DEATH
County of Mercer
Township of Farrell [???]

FULL NAME Samuel Royal

PERSONAL AND STATISTICAL PARTICULARS
SEX Male
COLOR White
DATE OF BIRTH (Month) 5 (Day) 24 (Year) 1841
AGE 68 years, 11 months, 6 days
Married
BIRTHPLACE Weymouth Ingl [?]
NAME OF FATHER John Royal
BIRTHPLACE OF FATHER Ingland [sic]
MAIDEN NAME OF MOTHER [blank]
BIRTHPLACE OF MOTHER Scotland
OCCUPATION Farmer
THE ABOVE STATED PERSONAL PARTICULARS ARE TRUE TO THE BEST OF MY KNOWLEDGE AND BELIEF
(Informant) Warren [?] Royal
(Address) Greenville Pa
Filed 5/2/10 H A Redford [?] Registrar

MEDICAL CERTIFICATE OF DEATH
DATE OF DEATH Apr 30 1910
I HEREBY CERTIFY, That I attended deceased from Apr 10 1910 to Apr 30 1910 that I last saw him alive on Apr 29 1910 and that death occurred, on the date stated above, at 8.30 P.M. The CAUSE OF DEATH was as follows:
Organic Disease of Heart
Mitral Regurgitation (Duration) [blank]
Contributory [blank]
Signed I J Grace
May 1 1910
(Address) Clarks Mills Pa
SPECIAL INFORMATION only for Hospitals, Institutions, Transients or Recent Residents [blank]
PLACE OF BURIAL OR REMOVAL Mill Bank Cem
DATE OF BURIAL May 3 1910
UNDERTAKER [illegible]
ADDRESS Fredonia Pa

Pennsylvania veterans burial card

[Pennsylvania veterans burial cards, 1929-1990]
[transcribed from Ancestry 19 January 2013]

RECORD OF BURIAL PLACE OF VETERAN
Mercer County
NAME Royal, Samuel
DATE OF BIRTH 1841
DATE OF DEATH 1909
VETERAN OF Civil WAR
SERVED IN ARMY
DATES OF SERVICE [blank]
ORGANIZATION(S) [blank]
RANK [blank]
CEMETERY OR PLACE OF INTERMENT NAME Millbank Cemetery LOCATION Fredonia, Pa.
LOCATION OF GRAVE IN CEMETERY SECTION D. LOT NO. 67 RANGE [blank]
HEADSTONE [blank]
INFORMATION GIVEN BY Graves Registration
DATE April 20, 1936
REMARKS [blank]

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revised 16 Mar 15
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