He was born in 1839/40 (7 (21 in 1861), 10 (19 in 1860), 11 (29 in 1870), 12 (39 in 1880), 15 (66 in 1906)). He was born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania (7, 10, 11, 12, 15).
In 1860, he was living in the 13th ward of Philadelphia, Pennsylvania (10). He was a bookbinder (10). He had been married within the year, and was living with his wife Sarah and daughter Isabella (10).
When he was enlisted, he was a bookbinder (7).
When he enlisted, he was 5 feet 8-3/4 inches tall, and had a dark complexion, blue eyes, and dark hair (7).
He enlisted and was mustered into service as first sergeant of company A on 20 August 1861 (1, 6, 7, 8, 9, 15, 17). He was enlisted for three years, at Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, by Captain Starr (7).
On 29 June 1862, he, along with the other commissioned officers in the regiment (except Colonel Gregory), signed a statement denying accusations that they were on the verge of open mutiny, that the regiment had been reduced to 400 men, and that Colonel Gregory was too lenient to Confederates and too harsh to men in the regiment (13).
He resigned on 13 December 1862, because of ill health (1, 2, 3, 4 [10 Dec], 5 [10 Dec], 7 [10 Dec], 8 [10 Dec], 9 [Nov 63]). He had served for seventeen months (15). He was second lieutenant of company A (17).
In 1870, he was living in the 14th ward of Philadelphia, Pennsylvania (11). He was an upholsterer, and owned $400 in personal property (11). He was living with his wife Sarah and children Isabella, Laura, and Robert (11).
In 1880, he was living at 803 Linden Street, Camden, Camden County, New Jersey (12). He was a clerk (12). He was living with his wife Sarah and children Bella, Laura, Lehman, Montroville [?], and Frank (12).
On 28 June 1880 and on 4 March 1907, he applied successfully for a pension (8, 16).
In 1890, he was living in Brooklyn, King County, New York (9).
On 17 December 1906, he was admitted to the National Soldiers Home (15).
On 15 April 1907, he died, apparently in the Mountain Branch of the National Soldiers Home (8, 15). He was receiving a pension of $8 per month (15).
1 Bates, Samuel Penniman. History of Pennsylvania volunteers, 1861-5. Harrisburg: B. Singerly, state printer, 1869-71. 5 volumes. 'Ninety-first regiment', volume 3, pages 186-233. (In the roster)
2 Thomas F Walter. 'Personal recollections and experiences of an obscure soldier'. Grand Army Scout and Soldiers Mail volume 3 number 38 page 2
4 regimental descriptive book (Randolph M Smith)
5 register of commissioned officers, company A (Randolph M Smith)
6 register of non-commissioned officers, company A (Randolph M Smith)
7 company A descriptive roll, entry 84 (Randolph M Smith)
8 pension index, by regiment (Randolph M Smith)
9 1890 US census, veterans' schedule, New York, Kings County, Brooklyn, supervisor's district 2, enumeration district 317, page  (Randolph M Smith)
10 1860 US census, Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, 13th ward, microfilm series M653, film 1163, page 558 = 138 handwritten (Randolph Smith)
11 1870 US census, Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, 14th ward, 40th district, microfilm series M593, film 1398, page 52 = 103 handwritten (Randolph Smith)
12 1880 US census, New Jersey, Camden County, Camden, 2nd ward, 2nd precinct, supervisor's district 3, enumeration district 43, microfilm series T9, film 773, page 126A = 33 handwritten (Randolph M Smith)
13 'Ninety-first Pennsylvania Regiment'. Philadelphia Inquirer, 11 July 1862, page 2 (R M Smith)
14 'The Home Guard organization', Philadelphia Inquirer, 29 June 1861, page 2 (Randolph M Smith)
15 Report of the Board of Managers of the National Home for Disabled Volunteer Soldiers for the fiscal year ended June 30, 1907. Serial Set volume 5290, Session Vol. No.21, 60th Congress, 1st Session, House Document 210. Page 466 (RM Smith)
16 pension index, by name (Randolph M Smith)
17 index to compiled service records of volunteer Union soldiers who served in organizations from the state of Pennsylvania (Randolph M Smith)
|Name||Anna Weber||Isabella "||Henrietta "||Randolph Smith||Sarah "||Isabella V "||Emiline Mott||Ella M Sweeney|
|Value of real estate owned|
|Value of personal estate||350|
|Place of birth||Penna||"||"||"||"||"||"||"|
|Married within year||1||1|
|Attended school within year|
|Cannot read & write|
|Deaf, dumb, blind, etc.|
|Name||Smith Randolph||- Sarah A||- Isabella V||- Laura G||- Robert J|
|Real estate value|
|Personal estate value||400|
|Father foreign born|
|Mother foreign born|
|Birth month if born within year|
|Marriage month if married within year|
|Attended school past year||1||1|
|Deaf, dumb, blind, etc.|
|Male US citizen at least 21 years old||1|
|Male US citizen at least 21 years old who can't vote ...|
|street name||Linden St|
|dwelling visit #||313|
|family visit #||313|
|name||Smith Randolph M.||Sarah A.||Bella R||Laura G||Lehman R||Montroville [?]||Frank G|
|month born if born in year|
|married during year|
|occupation||Clerk||Keeping House||At School||At School|
|school this year||1||1|