91st PA: James C Sweeney

James C Sweeney

Before the war

He was born in 1836/37 (4 (24 in 1861), 6 (24 in 1861)). He was born in Paisely, Scotland (6).

When he enlisted, he was a moulder (6).

Description

When he enlisted, he was 5 feet 7 inches tall, and had a light complexion, blue eyes, and light hair (6).

During the war

He enlisted and was mustered into service, at Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, on 23 September 1861 (1, 4). He was enlisted for three years, by Captain Smith (4, 6). He was mustered in as a private in company D (4 (co.D), 7-9 (co.F)).

He was transferred to company F on 31 October 1861 (3).

He was reduced to the ranks on 18 January 1861 [sic; presumably 18 January 1862] (6).

He deserted on 20 March 1862, from Carroll Barracks, Washington DC (1, 5, 6). He was a private, in company F (7-9).

Advance the colors identifies him as the Sweeney who was shot shortly after grabbing a fallen flag on 18 June 1864, but it seems more likely this was Samuel Sweeney; the only evidence they have is an article citing his name as 'Sweeney'.

Sources

1 Bates, Samuel Penniman. History of Pennsylvania volunteers, 1861-5. Harrisburg: B. Singerly, state printer, 1869-71. 5 volumes. 'Ninety-first regiment', volume 3, pages 186-233. (In the roster)

2 Advance the colors, p.314. (James C Sweeney, co.D)

3 company D, register of men transferred, entry 13 (James C Sweeney)

4 Civil War Veterans' Card File, available at the Pennsylvania State Archives, searched 10 August 2004 (James C Sweeney)

5 company F, register of deserters, #15 (James Sweeney)

6 company F, descriptive roll, #6 (James Sweeny)

7 index to compiled service records of volunteer Union soldiers who served in organizations from the state of Pennsylvania (James C Sweeney)

8 index to compiled service records of volunteer Union soldiers who served in organizations from the state of Pennsylvania (James H Sweeney)

9 index to compiled service records of volunteer Union soldiers who served in organizations from the state of Pennsylvania (James Sweeny)

Note on identification

Bates (1) has two entries: James C Sweeney (D), not on muster-out roll, and James Sweeny (F), both mustered in on 23 September 1861. I have assumed they are the same person, and the fact that the index to compiled service records doesn't have a card for James C Sweeney in company D strongly supports that.

index to compiled service records

[index to compiled service records of volunteer Union soldiers who served in organizations from the state of Pennsylvania]
[transcribed 25 April 2015, from Fold3]


Sweeney James C.
     or James
Co. F, 91 Pennsylvania Inf.
Pvt | Pvt
See also [blank]

GENERAL INDEX CARD.


[card 2, transcribed 25 Apr 15]

Sweeney James H
Co. F, 91 Pennsylvania Inf.
Pvt | Pvt
REFERENCE CARD.
Original filed under
Sweeney James C.
     or James

GENERAL INDEX CARD.


[card 3, transcribed 25 Apr 15]

Sweeny James
Co. F, 91 Pennsylvania Inf.
Pvt | Pvt
REFERENCE CARD.
Original filed under
Sweeney James C.
     or James

GENERAL INDEX CARD.

top of document | home
revised 25 Apr 15
contact Harry Ide at hide1@unl.edu with comments or questions