91st PA: Samuel Sweeney

Samuel Sweeney

Before the war

He was born in 1821/23, in Melton, Ireland. [sources: date: 8 (38 in 1861), 13 (39 in 1860). place: 8, 13]

On 1 January 1856, he married Matilda Patterson, at Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. She was born on 21 June 1832 [or 1835?], in Ireland, to James Patterson and Nancy [unknown surname]. They were married by Reverend N M Jones, and their marriage was recorded in the St Bartholomew's Church parish records. They had three children:

[sources: 10, 16]

In 1860, he was living in ward 19, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. He was living with his wife Matilda and their son Samuel. He was a weaver. [source: 13]

When he enlisted, he was a lab[orer]. [source: 8]

Description

When he enlisted, he was 5 feet 7-1/2 inches tall, and had a dark complexion, blue eyes, and black hair. [source: 8]

During the war

He enlisted and was mustered into service on 11 December or 14 November 1861. He was enlisted for three years, at Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, by C L Zinn. He was mustered in as a private in company H. He had rifle number 65. [sources: 1 (corp), 8 (11 Dec), 18-19 (pvt)]

On 8 August 1863, he was detailed as a guard for the supply train. [source: 5]

He reenlisted as a veteran volunteer. He enlisted on 24 December 1863, at Bealton, Virginia, and was mustered in on 26 December 1863. [sources: 1, 10]

He was killed on 18 June 1864 at Petersburg, Virginia. He grabbed a fallen flag, and was shot 'in a moment'. He was a corporal in company H. [sources: 1, 2, 6, 7, 8, 10, 17, 18-19]

After the war

On 18 July 1864, James H Closson certified that he had been killed in action. [source: 10]

On 14 November 1864, his widow, Matilda Sweeney, applied successfully for a pension, from Pennsylvania, under the Act of 14 July 1862. Her post office address was 611 Phillips Street, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. Her application was accepted on 21 March 1865, and she received a pension of $8 per month, retroactive to 18 June 1864. [sources: 4, 9, 10]

On 2 November 1866, Matilda Sweeny applied for an increase in pension under the Act of 25 July 1866. Her application was accepted on 8 July 1867, and she received an additional $2 per month for each child less than sixteen years old, retroactive to 25 July 1866. [source: 10]

In 1870, Matilda Sweeny was living in ward 19, Philadelphia, Pensylvania. She was living with her children Samuel, Margaret, and William. She was a tailoress, and owned $1,000 in real estate [?] and $1,000 in personal property. [source: 14]

In 1880, Matilda Sweeney was living at 2044 Philip Street, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. She was living with their children Samuel, Margaret, and William. [source: 15]

In 1900, Matilda Sweeney was living at 2044 Philip Street, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. She was living with her daughter Margaret Brown, and Margaret's family. [source: 16]

On 15 January 1909, Matilda Sweeny died, at 2044 North Philip Street, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. She died of pneumonia (duration 6 months 18 days), with senile dementia (duration 2 days) contributing. She was last paid her pension, at a rate of $12 per month, through 4 November 1908. She was living at 2044 North Philip Street, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. On 22 January 1909, she was buried at Greenmount Cemetery, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. [sources: 10, 11, 12]

On 20 October 1909, Matilda Sweeny was dropped from the pension rolls. [source: 10]

Sources

1 Bates, Samuel Penniman. History of Pennsylvania volunteers, 1861-5. Harrisburg: B. Singerly, state printer, 1869-71. 5 volumes. 'Ninety-first regiment', volume 3, pages 186-233. (In the roster) (Samuel Sweeney)

2 [anonymous untitled article], Norristown Herald and Free Press 5 July 1864 (Sweeney)

3 Advance the colors, p.314 (James C Sweeney, co. D; this seems to be a misidentification)

4 pension index, by name (Samuel Sweeney)

5 consolidated morning report, 91st PA, 8 August 1863 (Corpl Sweeny)

6 consolidated morning report, 91st Pennsylvania, 29 June 1864 (Corpl Sweeny)

7 company H, register of deaths (Samuel Sweeney)

8 company H, descriptive roll, #87 (Samuel Sweeney)

9 pension index, by regiment, 91st PA Infantry, company H (Samuel Sweeney)

10 widow's pension certificate file, National Archives and Records Administration, record group 15, widow's, certificate WC 43,643 (Matilda Patterson widow of Samuel Sweeny)

11 death notice, Philadelphia Inquirer, 22 January 1909, page 7 (Mathilda Sweeny)

12 death certificate, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, 18 January 1909, Matilda Sweeney (FamilySearch) (Matilda Sweeney)

13 1860 US census, Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, ward 19, microfilm series M653, film 1170, page 746 = 246 handwritten (FamilySearch) (Patrick Sweeny)

14 1870 US census, Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, ward 19, district 57, microfilm series M593, film 1404, page 129 verso = 258 handwritten (FamilySearch) (Matilda Sweeny)

15 1880 US census, Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, supervisor's district 1, enumeration district 361, microfilm series T9, film 1178, page 181 = 12 D handwritten (FamilySearch) (Matilda Sweeney)

16 1900 US census, Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, ward 19, supervisor's district 1, enumeration district 378, microfilm series T623, film 1460, page 103 = 11 B handwritten (FamilySearch) (Matilda Sweeney)

17 death notice, Public Ledger 18 July 1864, page 2 (Samuel Sweeny)

18 index to compiled service records of volunteer Union soldiers who served in organizations from the state of Pennsylvania (Samuel Sweeney)

19 index to compiled service records of volunteer Union soldiers who served in organizations from the state of Pennsylvania (Samuel Sweeny)

Sources checked unsuccessfully

Rootsweb WorldConnect
accesed June 2007
Pennsylvania veterans burial cards
Ancestry index (accessed 5 October 2012)
applications for headstones for military veterans, 1925-1941
FamilySearch index (accessed 5 October 2012)
records of headstones of deceased union veterans, 1879-1903
FamilySearch index (accessed 5 October 2012)
1850 US census
Ancestry and FamilySearch indices (accessed 4 Oct 12)
1890 US census, veterans schedules
accessed 5 June 2009 and again 4 October 2012
1910 US census
Ancestry and FamilySearch indices (accessed 4 Oct 12)
1920 US census
Ancestry and FamilySearch indices (accessed 4 Oct 12)
1930 US census
Ancestry and FamilySearch indices (accessed 4 Oct 12)

Display


Samuel Sweeney in the 91st PA gedcom on RootsWeb WorldConnect

Samuel Sweeney in the 91st PA database

1860 census

[1860 US census, Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, ward 19, microfilm series M653, film 1170, page 746 = 246 handwritten (FamilySearch)]
[note that the previous household, in the same dwelling, includes Bernard and Ellan Donnelly, and the next household, in the same dwelling, includes Patrick and Alice Donnelly]
[identification is likely, given Samuel's name and age--note, however, that according to regimental records, Patrick's occupation was laborer when he enlisted]
line192021
Dwelling number[1798]  
Family number2011  
NamePatrick SweenyMatilda "Samuel "
Age39331
SexMFM
Color   
OccupationWeaver  
Value of real estate owned   
Value of personal estate   
Place of birth" [sc. Ireland]"Phil
Married within year   
Attended school within year   
Cannot read & write   
Deaf, dumb, blind, etc.   

1870 census

[1870 US census, Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, ward 19, district 57, microfilm series M593, film 1404, page 129 verso = 258 handwritten (FamilySearch)]
[note that Ellen Donnelly (60) and Letitia [?] Patterson (22) are living in the next household, in the same residence]
[identification is confirmed by the children's names and ages; see the widow's pension certificate file abstracted below]
line24252627
Dwelling-house number1674   
Family number2761   
NameSweeny MatildaSamuelMargaretWilliam
[the first digit of Matilda's age is hard to read; it could be '30']
Age5011106
Sexfmfm
Colorwwww
OccupationTailoressAttending schoolAttending schoolAttending school
Real estate value1000 [?]   
[the number is light enough that it might have been erased]
Personal estate value1000   
BirthplaceIrelandPennaPennaPenna
Father foreign born1111
Mother foreign born1111
Birth month if born within year    
Marriage month if married within year    
Attended school past year 11 
Can't read1   
Can't write1   
Deaf, dumb, blind, etc.    
Male US citizen at least 21 years old    
Male US citizen at least 21 years old who can't vote ...    

1880 census

[1880 US census, Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, supervisor's district 1, enumeration district 361, microfilm series T9, film 1178, page 181 = 12 D handwritten (FamilySearch)]
[identification is confirmed; see the note on the 1870 census entry transcribed above]
line16171819
street namePhilip Street
house number2044   
dwelling visit #99   
family visit #116   
nameSweeney Matilda- Samuel- Margaret- William H
colorWWWW
sexFMFM
age45211916
month born if born in year    
relationship SonDaughterSon
single 111
married    
widowed/divorced1   
married during year    
occupationKeeping HouseWorks in Woolen Mill" " Hosiery "Drives Milk Wagon
months unemployed    
currently ill?    
blind    
deaf/dumb    
idiotic    
insane    
disabled    
school this year    
can't read    
can't write    
birthplaceIrelandPenna""
father's birthplaceIreland"""
mother's birthplaceIreland"""

1900 census

[1900 US census, Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, ward 19, supervisor's district 1, enumeration district 378, microfilm series T623, film 1460, page 103 = 11 B handwritten (FamilySearch)]
[identification is likely, given the daughter's name and age]
line5657585960
streetPhilip
house number2044    
dwelling number202    
family number209    
nameSweeney MatildaBrown Geo W- Margaret- Geo W Jr- Samuel
relationshipHeadS-in LawDaughterSonSon
colorWWWWW
sexFMFMM
birth dateJune 1835Oct 1857Dec 1861Dec 1886Sept 1890
age644238139
married?WdMMSS
# years married71515  
[the '7' is crossed out]
mother of how many children?3 2  
# of children living3 2  
birthplaceIrelandPennaPennaPennaPenna
father's birthplaceIrelandPennaIrelandPennaPenna
mother's birthplaceIrelandPennaIrelandPennaPenna
immigration year1855    
# years in USA45    
naturalized citizen?     
occupation Teamster SchoolSchool
# months not employed 0   
# months in school   1010
can readyesyesyesyesyes
can writenoyesyesyesyes
speaks Englishyesyesyesyesyes
owned/rentedR    
free or mortgaged     
farm/houseH    
# of farm schedule     

index to compiled service records

[index to compiled service records of volunteer Union soldiers who served in organizations from the state of Pennsylvania]
[transcribed 24 April 2015, from Fold3]


Sweeney Samuel
Co. H, 91 Pennsylvania Inf.
Pvt | Corp'l
See also [blank]

GENERAL INDEX CARD.


[card 2, transcribed 24 Apr 15]

Sweeny Samuel
Co. H, 91 Pennsylvania Inf.
Pvt | Corp'l
REFERENCE CARD.
Original filed under
Sweeney Samuel

GENERAL INDEX CARD.

widow's pension certificate file

[widow's pension certificate file, National Archives and Records Administration, record group 15, widow's, certificate WC 43,643, Matilda Patterson widow of Samuel Sweeny]
[abstracted October 2012, from 28 pages on Fold3]
1 Jan 1856
married Matilda Patterson at Philadelphia, by Rev N M Jones (pp.4 [1856], 6 [1855], 14 [1856])
recorded in St Bartholomew's Church (Philadelphia) parish records (p.14)
three children: Samuel (b. 3 May 1859), Margaret (b. 14 May 1861), William Henry (b. 22 Feb 1864) (pp.4, 6, 16 [Mgt 4 May], 26 [4 May])
Margaret baptized 1 September 1861; William Hnry baptized 1 May 1864 at St Bartholomew's (name changed after July 1865 to St Edwards) (p.16)
26 Dec 1863
enrolled 24 Dec 63 at Bealton VA (p.8)
mustered as private, veteran (p.8)
18 June 1864
killed in action at Petersburg (pp.4, 8)
18 July 1864
at Camp near Petersburg VA, James H Closson (capt H 91st PA) certified that Samuel Sweeny was a corp in H 91st PA, and was killed in action on 18 June 1864 before Petersburg VA (p.11)
received 26 Nov 1864 (p.12)
14 Nov 1864
Matilda Sweeny, 28, widow of Samuel Sweeny (corp H 91 PA) applied for a pension under the act of 14 July 1862 (p.4)
post office address: 611 Phillips St, Philadelphia (p.5)
dated 12 July 1864 (p.4)
application 71,907 (p.8)
attorney W N Ashman Philadelphia (p.5)
witnesses Mary Hourican, Barnard Donnelly (pp.4-5)
admitted 21 March 1865, retroactive to 18 June 1864, at $8 / month (pp.3, 23)
certificate dated 43,643 dated 24 Mar 65 (p.23)
17 Feb 1865
the Adjutant General's office sent the Pension Office the above-summarized information (p.8; request is on page 24)
September 1866
Ellen Watson swore that she was a midwife and an intimate friend of Matilda Sweeny, and delivered her of Samuel Sweeney (b. 3 May 1859) (p.19)
2 Nov 1866
Matilda Sweeny, 30, resident of Philadelphia, post office address 2044 Phillip St, applied for an increase in pension under the act of 14 July 1862 (pp.6, 26)
attorney W N Ashman (p.6)
witnesses Ellen Watson, Jannett Boardman, residents of Philadelphia (pp.6-7)
dated 11 Aug 1866
accepted 8 July 1867, retroactive to 25 July 1866, for $2 per month for each child less than 16 (pp.26, 27)
certificate dated 15 July 1867 (p.27)
20 Oct 1909
Matilda Sweeny dropped from the pension rolls because she died on 15 January 1909 (pp.21, 28)
last paid at $12 to 4 November 1908 (p.21)

death notice, Matilda Sweeny

[death notice, Philadelphia Inquirer, 22 January 1909, page 7]
[transcribed 4 October 2012]

SWEENY.--On January 18, 1909, MATHILDA [sic], widow of Samuel Sweeny, aged 76 years. Relatives and friends are invited to attend the funeral, on Friday, at 2 PM, from her late residence, 2044 North Philip st. Interment at Green Mount Cemetery.

death certificate, Matilda Sweeny

[death certificate, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, 18 January 1909, #1776, Matilda Sweeney (FamilySearch)]
[transcribed 5 October 2012]

1776
RECORD OF A DEATH IN PHILADELPHIA
PHYSICIAN'S CERTIFICATE.
Full Name of Deceased, Matilda Sweeney
Sex, Female
Color, white
widow
Date of Birth. Year 1832 Month June Day 21
Date of Death. Year 1909 Month Jan Day 18
Age. Years 76 Months 6 Days 18

I HEREBY CERTIFY, That I attended deceased from June 1908 to Jan 18 1909 that I last saw her alive on Jan 18 1909 and that death occurred, on the date stated above at 11.45 P.M. The CAUSE OF DEATH was as follows:

Chief, Pneumonia DURATION 6 Mos. 18 Days
Contributing, Senile Dementia, DURATION X Mos. 2 Days
Signed, M. L. [illegible] M.D.
Residence, 2066 N. 2nd St.
UNDERTAKER'S CERTIFICATE.
Occupation, Retired House-wife
Place of Birth, Ireland
Birthplace of Father, Ireland
Birthplace of Mother, Ireland
Name of Father, James Patterson
Maiden Name of Mother, Nancy
Last Place of Residence (This need only be given when it is other than the place of death.) [blank]
Place of Death, 2044 N Philip st
Ward, wherein death occurred, 19th
Buried from, Street and No. 2044 No. Philip st
Date of Burial, January 22 1909
Place of Burial, Greenmont Cemetery
William J. Stuart Undertaker.
Residence, 714 W Lehigh Ave

death notice

[death notice, Public Ledger 18 July 1864, page 2, Samuel Sweeny]
[transcribed 5 October 2012, from GenealogyBank]
[much of this is hard to read; I used the strikingly similar death notice for William H Johnson to help interpret the partially visible letters]
[see poems in newspaper death notices]

SWEENY--Killed, June 18th, 1864, while charging on the rebel works before Petersburg, Va., SAMUEL SWEENY, Co H, 91st Regiment Veteran Volunteers

Actuated by a sense of his duty and patriotism he was among those who [illegible] themselves to [?] defence of their country's flag. He went forth with the martial host, and was always at his post, and to the front [?] of the battle. After participating in all the [hard fought struggles (?)] in the valley of Virginia [illegible] his life as a sacrifice on the altar [?] of freedom. He leaves [?] a loved wife and four [??] children [?], and [illegible] of friends illegible]. [Though his body lies (?)] in an unknown grave unmarked by storied [?] urn [?] and [??] yet his memory will ever remain green in the hearts of those left behind.

For there's a fame that never dies,

A wreath that withers never,

And from its buds [?] fresh garlands rise

To bloom and live in ever.

A tired soldier, bold and brave

Now rests his weary feet

And in the shelter of the grave,

He's found a safe retreat

To him the trumpet's piercing blast

Shall call to arms in vain.

He is quartered in the arms of death.

Samuel will never march again.


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revised 24 Apr 15
contact Harry Ide at hide1@unl.edu with comments or questions