91st PA: Thomas C Thomas

Thomas C Thomas

Note on identification

I have assumed that the Thomas C Thomas who served in the 91st is the Thomas C Thomas who married Julia and lived in Chicago. See the note below for more about that assumption.

Before the war

He was born in October 1842, in Pennsylvania. [sources: date: 8 (Oct 1842); 5 (40 in 1880), 6 (26 in 1862). place: 5, 8]

When he enlisted, he was living in Mifflin County, Pennsylvania. [source: 6]

During the war

He enlisted and was mustered into service as assistant surgeon on 12 September 1862, at Washington, DC. He was enlisted and mustered by Captain Wood. [sources: 1, 2, 3, 6 (15 Sept), 9, 12]

He was dismissed for "absence without 'reason' [?]" by a general order 28, paragraph 1, dated 5 March 1863. He was an assistant surgeon. [sources: 3, 4, 6, 9; 1, and 2 have him dismissed 14 May 1863; 12 (by GO 20 5 March 1865)]

After the war

In 1879/80, he married Julia S [unknown family name]. This was apparently his second marriage. In 1900, she reported having had one child, who was still alive. [sources: 5, 8, 10]

In 1880, he was living at 210 N Clark, Chicago, Cook County, Illinois. He was a physician. He was living with his wife, Julia, and his children Mary, John, and Maggie. [source: 5]

In 1900, he was living on Atlantic Street, Richwoods Township, Peoria County, Illinois. He was living with his wife Julia, and children George and Margaret. He was a physician. [source: 8]

I suspect he is not the Thomas Thomas who died on 15 October 1903, and was buried in Forest Hill Cemetery, Scranton, Lackawanna County, Pennsylvania. (See the note below for more discussion.) [source: 7]

In 1910, Julia Thomas was living on East Republic, in ward 2, Peoria, Illinois. She was living with her son George and his wife Hazel. [source: 10]

Sources

1 Bates, Samuel Penniman. History of Pennsylvania volunteers, 1861-5. Harrisburg: B. Singerly, state printer, 1869-71. 5 volumes. 'Ninety-first regiment', volume 3, pages 186-233. (In the roster)

2 Official Army Register (Thomas C Thomas)

3 Regimental descriptive book (Thomas C Thomas)

4 consolidated morning report, 91st PA, 19 March 1863 (Asst Surg Thomas)

5 1880 US census, Illinois, Cook County, Chicago, supervisor's district 1, enumeration district 187, microfilm series T9, film 199, page 378 A = 37 handwritten (Thomas C Thomas)

6 Civil War Veterans' Card File, available at the Pennsylvania State Archives, searched 5 May 2004 (Thomas C Thomas)

7 Pennsylvania veterans burial records, available on Ancestry (transcribed 4 December 2010) (Thomas C Thomas)

8 1900 US census, Illinois, Peoria County, Richwoods Township, supervisor's district 8, enumeration district 124, microfilm series T623, film 335, page 227 = 4 B handwritten (Thomas C Thomas)

9 index to compiled service records of volunteer Union soldiers who served in organizations from the state of Pennsylvania (Thomas C Thomas)

10 1910 US census, Illinois, Peoria, ward 2, enumeration district 74, microfilm series M1283, page 69 = 17 B (FamilySearch) (Julia Thomas)

11 'Thomas C Thomas', in Wyles/Kirk family tree, an Ancestry family tree, owner terrilindsay55, accessed 12 July 2015 (Thomas C Thomas)

12 muster-out roll, Pennsylvania Historical and Museum Commission, record group 19, series 19.11, records of the Department of Military and Veterans' Affairs (Thomas C Thomas)

Sources checked unsuccessfully

1906 or 1909 American Medical Directory
[no entry]
pension index, by name
Ancestry index (accessed Jun 05)
1860 US census
searching the FamilySearch index (accessed 12 July 15) for Thomas Thomas in Mifflin County yielded one Thomas Thomas, who was a forgeman, born in 1817 in Wales (FamilySearch accessed 12 July 15)
searching the FamilySearch index (accessed 12 July 15) for Thomas Thomas in Mifflin, Juniata County yielded no results
1890 US census, veterans schedules
Ancestry index (accessed Oct 05)
no Thomas Thomas surgeon, no Thomas C Thomas
Find a grave
accessed 7 Dec 10

The Thomas Thomas in Scranton

According to the Pennsylvania veterans burial records, the Thomas C Thomas who was assistant surgeon in the 91st died on 15 October 1903, and was buried in Forest Hill Cemetery, Scranton, Lackawanna County, Pennsylvania. I suspect that is wrong.

The Thomas R Thomas buried in Forest Hill Cemetery was born on 11 March 1837 and died on 15 October 1903 and was married to Hannah Richardson Thomas (1842-1906) (see Find a grave, memorial 134266568, created by Ted Myers, 12 August 2014):

(a) He was a police officer, and not a physician
death notice, Pittston Gazette (Pittston PA), Friday 16 October 1903, page 6: "Patrolman Thomas R. Thomas, the oldest member of the Scranton police force, died yesterday. He had been ill for over a week, but his death came unexpectedly, as he was thought to be improving on Wednesday. The dead policeman was 67 years old, and was born in Wales in 1836.' (newspapers.com)
(b) He served in company B of the 136th Pennsylvania (and company C of the 10th PA)
1890 US census, veterans schedules, Pennsylvania, Lackawanna County, Scranton, enumeration district 268, page 1: Thomas R Thomas, private 132 Penn Vol [no dates], 1931 N Main, Scranton PA, "Had sun stroke. He feels effects of since."
'North End', The Scranton Republican, Tuesday 20 October 1903, page 6 (available on newspaper.com, accessed 12 July 2015): Thomas R Thomas, died suddenly Thursday afternoon, funeral held yesterday from his home on North Main Avenue, at the Providence Methodist Church; many members of Captain William N Monies' company B, 126th regiment, Pennsylvania infantry attended 'deceased being an honored member of the company in 1862-63'.
see the next paragraph below for the evidence that he served in B 136th and not the 126th or 132nd PA
(c) His middle initial was 'R', not 'C'
(see the census records and death notices)
(d) He seems to have been living in Scranton for years (and is therefore not the Thomas Thomas living in Chicago)
1900 US census, Pennsylvania, Lackawanna County, Scranton, Ward 1, enumeration district 43, page 255 = 8 B handwritten (FamilySearch): Thos R Thomas born March 1836 Wales, immigrated 1855, married 36 years, policeman, with wife Hannah (born Mar 1844 Wales, immigrated 1860), and sons John (born Apr 1874 PA, baggage master) and Thomas (born Apr 1877 PA, teamster)
1880 US census, Pennsylvania, Lackawanna County, Scranton, ward 1, enumeration district 53, page 7 = 14 B handwritten (FamilySearch): R Thomas Thomas, 43, born Wales, policeman, with his wife Anna (37 born Wales) and six children (Robert 14, William 12, Sarah A 10, Henry 7, John 6, and Thomas 3, all born Pennsylvania)
1870 US census, Pennsylvania, Lackawanna County, Scranton, ward 2, page 39 = 37 handwritten (FamilySearch): Thomas Thomas (33 born Wales, miner), Anna (27 born Wales), Robert (5 born PA), William (3 born PA), Sarah (1 born PA)

However, he served in company B of the 136th Pennsylvania (and not the 126th or 132nd):

index to compiled service records (available on Fold3)
no Thomas Thomas in the 126th or 132nd Pennsylvania (accessed on Fold3 12 July 2015)
But it does have a card for Thomas Thomas, private, in company B of the 136th Pennsylvania (accessed 12 July 2015)
other men mentioned as from his company in the Scranton Republican article from 20 October 1903
William N Monies was captain of company B of the 136th Pennsylvania Infantry (index to compiled service records, Fold3, accessed 12 July 2015)
The other members of his regiment mentioned by name in the 20 October 1903 article in the Scranton Republican were first lieutenant Fred J Amsden, corporal Henry W Loftus, corporal David P Birtley [sic], Chartwell Hallstead [sic], and David Roberts.
Amsden, Loftus, Bertley [sic], Chartel Hollsted [sic], and Roberts are all listed in Bates' roster of B 136th PA (volume 4, pages 321-323) (accessed on Making of America, 12 July 2015)
pension index by unit (available on Fold3)
Thomas Thomas in B 136th PA, also served in C 10 Pennsylvania, applied for a pension successfully on 4 August 1892 (application 1,124,902, certificate 940,376), and his widow applied successfullly for a pension (application 794,178, certificate 590,342)
he died on 15 October 1903
Bates
the Thomas Thomas who served in B 136th PA as a private was mustered in on 16 August 1862, and mustered out with his company on 29 May 1863 (p.323)

Display



Thomas C Thomas in the 91st PA database

1880 census

[1880 US census, Illinois, Cook County, Chicago, supervisor's district 1, enumeration district 187, microfilm series T9, film 199, page 378 A = 37 handwritten]
[I did not transcribe the twelve other people at this residence, headed by Henry Anthony]
[identification is speculative]
line1213141516
street nameN Clark
house number[210]    
dwelling visit #[189]    
family visit #250    
nameThomas Thomas C- Julia- Mary S- John T- Maggie
colorWWWWW
sexMFFMF
age402517148
month born if born in year     
relationship WifeDaughterSonDaughter
single  111
married11   
widowed/divorced     
married during year     
occupationPhysicianKeeping House At School" "
months unemployed     
currently ill?     
blind     
deaf/dumb     
idiotic     
insane     
disabled     
school this year   11
can't read     
can't write     
birthplacePenaIllinoisPena"Illinois
father's birthplacePenaIllinoisPena""
mother's birthplacePenaIllinoisPena""

1900 census

[1900 US census, Illinois, Peoria County, Richwoods Township, supervisor's district 8, enumeration district 124, microfilm series T623, film 335, page 227 = 4 B handwritten]
[identification is speculative]
line76777879
streetAtlantic Street
house number    
dwelling number90   
family number91   
nameThomas, Thomas C.- Julia S.- George E- Margaret
relationshipheadwifesondaughter
colorWWWW
sexMFMF
birth dateOct 1842Oct 1856Mar 1883Sept 1873
age57431726
married?MMSS
# years married2020  
mother of how many children? 1  
# of children living 1  
birthplacePennsylvaniaIllinoisIowaIllinois
father's birthplacePennsylvaniaNorth CarolinaPennsylvaniaPennsylvania
mother's birthplacePennsylvaniaFranceIllinoisPennsylvania
immigration year    
# years in USA    
naturalized citizen?    
occupationPhysician At schoolSaleslady Dry goods
# months not employed0  0
# months in school  10 
can readyesyesyesyes
can writeyesyesyesyes
speaks Englishyesyesyesyes
owned/rentedO   
free or mortgagedM   
farm/houseH   
# of farm schedule    

1910 census

[1910 US census, Illinois, Peoria, ward 2, enumeration district 74, microfilm series M1283, page 69 = 17 B (FamilySearch)]
[identification is speculative]
line888990
streetEast Republic
house nr   
dwelling nr412  
family nr421  
nameThomas George E- Hazel- Julia
relationshipHeadWifeMother
sexMFF
colorWWW
age272454
marital statusM1M2Wd
#years present marriage22 
mother of # children 11
mother of # living children 01
birthplaceIowaIllinoisNot known
father's birthplaceNot knownUnited StatesNot known
mother's birthplaceNot knownUnited StatesNot known
immigrated   
naturalized/alien   
speaks EnglishEnglishEnglishEnglish
occupationBookkeeperFitternone
nature of industry etc.Piano FactoryLadies Tailor 
employer etc.WW 
out of work 15 Apr 1910?NoNo 
# weeks out of work 190900 
can readyesyesyes
can writeyesyesyes
school since 1 Sep 09   
owned/rentedR  
owned free or mortagaged   
farm/houseH  
nr on farm schedule   
civil war vet   
blind   
deaf & dumb   

index to compiled service records

[index to compiled service records of volunteer Union soldiers who served in organizations from the state of Pennsylvania]
[transcribed 26 April 2015, from Fold3]


Thomas Thomas C
Co. F+S, 91 Pennsylvania Inf.
Asst. Surg. | Asst. Surg.
See also [blank]

GENERAL INDEX CARD.

muster-out roll

[muster-out roll, Pennsylvania Historical and Museum Commission, record group 19, series 19.11, records of the Department of Military and Veterans' Affairs]
[transcribed from Pennsylvania, Civil War Muster Rolls, 1860-1869, on Ancestry, 12 July 2015]


NUMBER OF EACH GRADE.[check mark]
NAMES. PRESENT AND ABSENT.Thomas C Thomas
RANK.Ast Surg
AGE.[blank]
JOINED FOR SERVICE AND ENROLLED AT GENERAL RENDEZVOUS--COMMENCEMENT OF FIRST PAYMENT BY TIME.WHEN.Sept 12 /62
WHERE.Washington
BY WHOM.Cap Wood
PERIOD.3 yrs
MUSTERED INTO SERVICE.WHEN.Sep 12 /62
WHERE.Washington
BY WHOM.Cap Wood
LAST PAID.BY PAYMASTER. 
TO WHAT TIME. 
TRAVELING.To place of rendezvous, No. of miles. 
From place of discharge home, No. of miles. 
Clothing ActDue U.S 
Due Soldier 
AMOUNT for clothing in kind, or in money advanced. 
VALUE OF equipments, arms &c., received from the United States, to be paid for if lost or destroyed. 
BountyPaid 
Due 
 
REMARKS
Dismissed by Genl Order No 20 March 5 /65 [sic]

Pennsylvania veterans burial record

[Pennsylvania veterans burial records, available on Ancestry (transcribed 4 December 2010)]

RECORD OF BURIAL PLACE OF VETERAN
Lackawanna County
NAME Thomas, Thomas C.
DATE OF BIRTH 3/11/1837
DATE OF DEATH 10/15/1903
VETERAN OF Civil WAR
SERVED IN ARMY
DATES OF SERVICE 9/12/1862 5/14/63
ORGANIZATION(S) 91st Regiment
RANK Asst. Surgeon
CEMETERY NAME Forest Hill Cemetery
[CEMETERY] LOCATION Scranton, Pa.
LOCATION OF GRAVE IN CEMETERY SECTION B, Lot 1080 ROW Grave No. 8
HEADSTONE FAMILY
INFORMATION GIVEN BY Bates History 2/20/36
DATE
REMARKS

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revised 12 Jul 15
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