91st PA: George W Todd

George W Todd

picture of Major Todd
Thanks to Joe Fulginiti for this image

Before the war

He was born in 1824/25, in Pennsylvania. [sources: date: 9 (36 in 1861), 10 (26 in 1850), 15 (22 in 1846), 16. place: 10]

He served in the Mexican War. On 4 December 1846, he enlisted at Ebensburg in company D of the 2nd Regiment. He was enrolled by Captain Murray. He was mustered in on 5 January 1847, at Pittsburgh, by Lieutenant Fields. He was appointed First Sergeant on 26 January 1847. On 10 September 1847, he was appointed Sergeant Major. On 2 November 1847, he ran for Colonel, to replace Colonel William B Roberts, who had died on 3 October 1847. He came in third place, with 87 votes. He was appointed Second Lieutenant 10 June 1848 (effective 12 February 1848), replacing Charles McDermit. He was discharged on 14 July 1848, mustering out with his company. [sources: 15, 17, 18, 23, 24 (3d lt), 25, 26, 28, 29 (2d lt effective 11 Feb)]

In 1850, he was living in a hotel in Ebensburg Borough, Cambria County, Pennsylvania. He was a merchant. [source: 10]

He moved to Philadelphia when he was an adult, and "engaged in mercantile pursuits". [source: 24]

When he enlisted in the 20th Pennsylvania, he was a salesman. [source: 16]

During the war

He also served in company I of the 20th Pennsylvania Infantry. He enlisted at Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. He was mustered in on 30 April 1861, at Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, as captain. The company was mustered out on 6 August 1861. [sources: 16, 17, 18, 23, 25, 28]

He enlisted on 20 August 1861, at Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. He was originally to be the Lieutenant-Colonel of Edward Wallace's regiment. [sources: 9, 14, 23]

By 19 October 1861, Wallace's regiment had merged with Gregory's, and Todd was the Major of the combined regiment. [source: 18]

In November 1861, a newspaper article described him as an efficient officer. [source: 22]

He was mustered into service at Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, as major on 4 December 1861. [sources: 1, 8, 9, 33]

He and Lieutenant Colonel Wallace did most of the instruction while the regiment was at Alexandria Virginia, because Colonel Gregory was Provost Marshall. [sources: 1 (p.186), 6]

In summer 1862, he apparently helped ensure that James Todd (I) sent the money he intended to his mother. [source: 32]

Around 6 April 1862, he apparently "detected" Elias Swire in Philadelphia, leading Swire to return to the regiment. [source: 30]

On 29 June 1862, he, along with the other commissioned officers in the regiment (except Colonel Gregory), signed a statement denying accusations that they were on the verge of open mutiny, that the regiment had been reduced to 400 men, and that Colonel Gregory was too lenient to Confederates and too harsh to men in the regiment. [source: 12]

He took a petition to Abraham Lincoln to have two imprisoned soldiers released, which was successful. [source: 6]

On 8 August 1862, he ordered the Adjutant, Benjamin Tayman, to detail someone to relieve E Carroll Brewster as Officer of the Guard at slave pen, Alexandria, Virginia, because Brewster was drunk. He later testified that he saw Brewster in his quarters, and that Brewster was "stupefied", either from drugs or from alcohol. [source: 11]

On 10 October 1862, he was a member of a Court, which sentenced Franklin Clough to a sentence the Division Commander, General Humphreys, regarded as "out of all proportion to the offence". [source: 31]

He was wounded on 13 December 1862 at the Battle of Fredericksburg; his right leg was shattered by a shell, just before the charge, while the 91st was in line on Fredericksburg Road. His right leg had to be amputated. He died on 19 December 1862 of those wounds. He was the 91st's Major. [sources: 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 7, 8, 9, 21, 24, 27, 33]

On Tuesday 23 December 1862, he was buried in the Old Welsh Cemetery, Ebensburg, Cambria Township, Cambria County Pennsylvania. The Alleghanian describes him as "a person of rare sweetness of manners and disposition", and claimed that he was well known throughout the county. [sources: 13, 24]

Tyler describes him as 'a brave and valuable officer'. Perhaps because of that, he was promoted to brevet lieutenant colonel, effective 13 December 1862. [sources: 1, 5, 9, 29]

Researcher

Joann Lipps is researching Cambria County local history, including George Todd. Contact her at yogi@erols.com.

Sources

1 Bates, Samuel Penniman. History of Pennsylvania volunteers, 1861-5. Harrisburg: B. Singerly, state printer, 1869-71. 5 volumes. 'Ninety-first regiment', volume 3, pages 186-233. (In the roster, and on pages 186 and 187.)

2 Official Army Register

3 Joseph Welch. 'Dedication of monument: 91st regiment infantry'. In Pennsylvania at Gettysburg: Ceremonies at the dedication of the monuments erected by the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania to Major-General George G. Meade, Major-General Winfield S. Hancock, Major-General John F. Reynolds, and to mark the positions of the Pennsylvania commands engaged in the battle. Volume 1: 1914, pp.500-507. At pages 500, and 501.

4 report by General Andrew A. Humphreys (division commander), 16 December 1862 Official Records series 1, volume 21, pages 430-434, at page 432.

5 report by General Erastus B. Tyler (brigade commander), 16 December 1862, Official records series 1 volume 21 pages 436-438, at page 438.

6 Thomas F Walter, 'Personal recollections and experiences of an obscure soldier', Grand Army Scout and Soldiers' Mail volume 3 number 35 page 2.

7 Thomas F Walter, 'Personal recollections and experiences of an obscure soldier', Grand Army Scout and Soldiers' Mail volume 3 number 38 page 2.

8 Regimental descriptive book

9 Civil War Veterans' Card File, available at the Pennsylvania State Archives, searched 5 May 2004 (George W Todd)

10 1850 US census, Pennsylvania, Cambria County, Ebensburg Borough, page 164, line 28 (George W Todd)

11 court-martial record, E Carroll Brewster (Major Todd)

12 'Ninety-first Pennsylvania Regiment'. Philadelphia Inquirer, 11 July 1862, page 2 (George W Todd)

13 'Old Welsh Cemetery' (viewed 7 November 2006) (G W Todd)

14 'Captains and others commanding companies' Philadelphia Inquirer, 31 August 1861, page 5, also 2 September page 5 (George W Todd)

15 Pennsylvania Archives, Sixth series, volume X, edited by Thomas Lynch Montgomery. (Harrisburg, PA: Harrisburg Publishing Company, State Printer, 1907.) Transcribed at http://ftp.rootsweb.com/pub/usgenweb/pa/1pa/military/mexican/mexican-5.txt (in PA UsGenWeb Archives, viewed 11 November 2006) (George W Todd)

16 Civil War Veterans' Card File, available at the Pennsylvania State Archives, searched 11 November 2006 (George W Todd)

17 'Col. Wallace's Regiment' Philadelphia Inquirer 4 October 1861 page 8 (Geo W Todd)

18 'Camp Chase at Gray's Ferry' Philadelphia Inquirer 19 October 1861 page 8 (G W Todd)

19 'Camp Chase', Philadelphia Inquirer 30 November 1861 (George W Todd)

20 'Departure of Col. Gregory's regiment', Philadelphia Inquirer 22 January 1862 page 2 (George W Todd)

21 'Promotion in the Ninety-first Regiment Pennsylvania Volunteers', 'Promotion in the Ninety-first regiment ...', Philadelphia Inquirer 15 May 1863 page 8 (Major Todd)

22 'Ninety-first regiment, Pennsylvania volunteers' Philadelphia Press Wednesday 27 November 1861, page 2 (Major Todd)

23 'Colonel Wallace's regiment'. Philadelphia Press Thursday 19 September 1861, p.2 (George W Todd)

24 'The Battle of Fredericksburg'. The Alleghanian (Ebensburg PA), volume 4, number 13 (25 December 1862). Transcription available on USGenWeb Archives (viewed May 2009) (George W Todd)

25 'Col Wallace's regiment', Press, Monday 30 September 1861, page 2 (Geo W Todd)

26 'Col Wallace's regiment', Press Tuesday 1 October 1861, page 1 (Geo W Todd)

27 anonymous, 'From the Ninety-first Penna Regiment', Philadelphia Inquirer 9 March 1863, page 2

28 'Letter from the Ninety-first', Philadelphia Inquirer 5 February 1862, page 2

29 Randy W. Hackenburg. Pennsylvania in the War with Mexico. Shippensburg PA: White Mane Publishing Co., 1992. (George W Todd)

30 court-martial transcription, NARA, RG 153, 16 May 1862, Elias Swire (Geo W Todd)

31 court-martial record, Franklin L Clough, 10 October 1862 (Maj GW Todd)

32 dependents' pension certificate files, National Archives and Records Administration, RG 15, dependent's certificate 73,607, Elizabeth Todd mother of James Allen Todd (Major Todd)

33 index to compiled service records of volunteer Union soldiers who served in organizations from the state of Pennsylvania (George W Todd)

* Find a grave, memorial 45305831, created by pat callahan, added 10 Dec 2009, accessed 12 July 2015 (G W Todd)

Pennsylvania, veterans burial cards (George W Todd)

transcribe #24: 'The battle of Fredericksburg', The Ebensburg Alleghenian Thursday 25 December 1862, page 3, on newspapers.com

records of headstones of deceased Union veterans, FamilySearch, George W Todd

Sources checked unsuccessfully

1860 US census
There is no George Todd in Cambria County in 1860. The closest in age I found was a 38-year-old George Todd in Doylestown, Bucks County, Pennsylvania
the Doylestown George Todd is, however, present there also in the 1850, 1870, and 1880 censuses
1870 US census
Ancestry index (accessed 12 July 15)
1880 US census
Ancestry index (accessed 12 July 15)
1890 US census, veterans schedules
Ancestry index (accessed October 2005)
1900 US census
Ancestry index (accessed 12 July 15)
1910 US census
Ancestry index (accessed 12 July 15)
1920 US census
Ancestry index (accessed 12 July 15)
1930 US census
Ancestry index (accessed 12 July 15)
1940 US census
Ancestry index (accessed 12 July 15)
pension index, by name
Ancestry index (accessed June 2005)

Display



George W Todd in the 91st PA database

Pennsylvania Archives

[source: Pennsylvania Archives, Sixth series, volume X, edited by Thomas Lynch Montgomery. Harrisburg, PA: Harrisburg Publishing Company, State Printer, 1907. Transcribed at http://ftp.rootsweb.com/pub/usgenweb/pa/1pa/military/mexican/mexican-5.txt (in PA UsGenWeb Archives, viewed 11 November 2006)]

TODD, GEORGE W., 22, Private, Co. D, 2nd. Reg.; enrolled Dec. 4, 1846 at Ebensburg by Capt. Murray; mustered in Jan. 5, 1847 at Pittsburg by Lt. Fields; appointed 1st. Sergt. Jan. 26, 1847; appointed from 2nd. Lt. June 10, 1848 vice Chas. McDermit; promoted to take effect from Feb. 12, 1848; discharged July 14, 1848.

index to compiled service records

[index to compiled service records of volunteer Union soldiers who served in organizations from the state of Pennsylvania]
[transcribed 27 April 2015, from Fold3]


Todd George W.
Co. F+S, 91 Pennsylvania Inf.
Maj. | Maj.
See also [blank]

GENERAL INDEX CARD.

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revised 27 Apr 15
contact Harry Ide at hide1@unl.edu with comments or questions