91st PA: Stephen Smith Whinna

Stephen Smith Whinna

Before the war

He was born about 1840 in Carlisle, Cumberland, England, to Joseph and Margaret Whinna. He was christened on 4 April 1841, in St Mary's, Carlisle. [date: 8, 9, 11 (25 at death in 1864), 20. christening: 20. place: 8, 19, 20. parents: 20]

He was the brother of the Reverand Mr Whinna, of the M P Church, who was in Alexandria when Stephen Whinna died. [source: 22]

When he enlisted, he was a soapmaker. [sources: 8, 9 (perfumer)]

Description

When he enlisted, he was 5 feet 8-1/2 inches tall, and had a dark complexion, dark eyes, and dark hair. [sources: 8, 9, 19 [5 feet 8 inches)]

During the war

He enlisted and was mustered into service, at Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, on 14 or 19 November 1861. He was enlisted for three years, by Lieutenant (?) G Black. He was mustered as a private in company H. He had rifle number 44. [sources: 1, 8 [14 Nov], 9 (19 Nov), 24-26]

On 25 December 1861, he married Mary Ann B Jenkins. She was 21 years old, and was born in Philadelphia. They were married by Reverend John Thompson, in a Methodist ceremony. They had no children. [source: 19]

He was promoted to sixth corporal on 20 May 1862 [?], replacing Silas Charmelia. [sources: 7, 9]

On 8 August 1862, he was Corporal of the Guard at slave pen in Alexandria, Virginia, on the day that E Carroll Brewster was arrested for being drunk on duty. He later testified that Brewster was drunk, told men to go out for liquor, released prisoners who had been given to his charge that morning, and told the sergeant to release anyone else he wanted to (which the sergeant refused to do). [source: 11].

He fought at the Battle of Gettysburg. He and George S Philips briefly relieved William C Reiff and Jim Thompson from about midnight until 2 AM on 2 July, since Reiff and Thompson couldn't stay awake. [sources: 12, 14]

He reenlisted as a veteran volunteer on 26 December 1863, at Bealton, Virginia. [sources: 9, 19 (enrolled on 24 Dec, mustered in on 26 Dec)]

In the 1863 Philadelphia city directory, he is listed as a perfumer, at Letterly Street near Carroll. [source: 21]

On 1 February 1864, he was promoted to fifth sergeant effective 1 January 1864. [sources: 3, 7, 9]

On 3 February 1864, he received the State flag presented to the regiment, at Concert Hall. [source: 13]

On 1 March 1864, Colonel Gregory detached him to collect conscripts, at Philadelphia. He returned from detached service on 16 April 1864. [sources: 2, 5]

He was wounded in action on 18 June 1864, near Petersburg, Virginia. He had a gunshot wound of the shoulder and lung. He died 27 June 1864, of those wounds, at DeCamp General Hospital USA, David's Island, New York. He was a sergeant in company H. He was a fancy soap maker. He was married. On 3 July 1864, he was buried, in Union Harmony Ground [?], Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. Purity Lodge 325 [?], IOOF was invited to the funeral. He was buried from 2303 Jasper Street, 19th ward, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, which was the residence of his father-in-law, Charles Jenkins. He was apparently reburied in Cedar Hill Cemetery. [sources: 1, 6, 8, 9, 10 (death reported 12 July), 11 (died 28 June), 17 (wounded 17 June, died 27 June, buried Hanover Street), 19 (27 June), 23 (27 June, buried Cedar Hill), 24-26]

After the war

On 19 October 1864, his widow, Mary A B Whinna, applied successfully for a pension. She was living in Philadelphia, with a post office address of 2303 Jasper Street, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. She reapplied in 1865, after changing her attorney. Her application was accepted on 16 October 1865, retroactive to 27 June 1864. The last piece of information seems to have been a certificate from George P Finney, certifying the crucial facts. She initially received $8 per month. [sources: 13, 15, 19]

Sources

1 Bates, Samuel Penniman. History of Pennsylvania volunteers, 1861-5. Harrisburg: B. Singerly, state printer, 1869-71. 5 volumes. 'Ninety-first regiment', volume 3, pages 186-233. (In the roster)

2 letter, Sinex to Marvin, 7 March 1864

3 special order 6, HQ 91st PA, 1 February 1864

4 special order 13, HQ 91st PA, 1 March 1864

5 consolidated morning report, 91st Pennsylvania, 16 April 1864 (Sergt Whinna)

6 company H, register of deaths (Stephen Whinna)

7 company H, list of non-commissioned officers (Stephen Whinna [2 entries])

8 company H, descriptive roll, #73 (Stephen Whinna)

9 Civil War Veterans' Card File, available at the Pennsylvania State Archives, searched 8 March 2005 (Stephen Whinna; rolls also have 'Winna')

10 consolidated morning report, 91st Pennsylvania, 12 July 1864 (Sergt Whinna)

11 court-martial record, E Carroll Brewster (Corporal Winna [sic])

12 Pennsylvania Memorial, Gettysburg, Pennsylvania (Stephen Whinna)

13 pension index, by name (Stephen G Whinna)

14 William C Reiff. 'Josie and I at Gettysburg'. Gettysburg Compiler 9 August 1911. (Jim)

15 pension index, by regiment, 91st PA Infantry, company H (Steven S Whinna)

16 death certificate, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, 28 June 1864 (Stephen Whinna)

17 death notice, Public Ledger 2 July 1864 page 2 (Stephen S Whinna)

18 'Presentation of flags' (Philadelphia Press 4 February 1864, page 2) (Corporal Winner)

19 abstract of widow's pension certificate file, National Archives and Records Administration, record group 15, certificate number WC 57,867 (Mary Ann B Jenkins widow of Stephen Smith Whinna)

20 England Births and Christenings 1538-1975 (abstract only), on FamilySearch.org (searched 25 December 2011) (Stephen Smith Whinna)

21 1863 Biddle/McElroy's Philadelphia directory, page 800 (Stephen Whinna)

22 death notice, Alexandria Gazette 9 July 1864 page 2 (S S Whinna)

23 records of headstones of deceased Union veterans, 1879-1903 (Stephen S Whinna)

24 index to compiled service records of volunteer Union soldiers who served in organizations from the state of Pennsylvania (Stephen Whina)

25 index to compiled service records of volunteer Union soldiers who served in organizations from the state of Pennsylvania (Stephen Whinna)

26 index to compiled service records of volunteer Union soldiers who served in organizations from the state of Pennsylvania (Stephen Winna)

Note

I would not be surprised to find that Mary Whinna remarried after Stephen's death, but I have not found a reference to a remarriage.

Sources checked unsuccessfully

1850 US census
FamilySearch index (accessed 26 Dec 11)
1860 US census
HeritageQuest index, FamilySearch index (accessed 26 Dec 11)
1870 US census
HeritageQuest index, FamilySearch index (accessed 26 Dec 11)
1880 US census
HeritageQuest index, FamilySearch index (accessed 26 Dec 11)
1890 US census, veterans' schedule
Ancestry index (accessed April 2007)
1900 US census
HeritageQuest index, FamilySearch index (accessed 26 Dec 11)
1910 US census
HeritageQuest index, FamilySearch index (accessed 26 Dec 11)
1920 US census
HeritageQuest index, FamilySearch index (accessed 26 Dec 11)
1930 US census
FamilySearch index (accessed 26 Dec 11)
Rootsweb WorldConnect
accessed June 2007, and again on 26 Dec 11 (checked Stephen Whinna born England 1840 +/- 5 OR died 1864, Stephen Whinna child of Joseph and Margaret, Mary Jenkins (metaphone) born Pennsylvania 1840 +/-5, and Mary Whinna (metaphone) born Pennsylvania 1840 +/- 5)
GenealogyBank (newspapers)
checked Stephen in Philadelphia; Mary in Pennsylvania (accessed 25 December 2011)
applications for headstones for military veterans, 1925-1941
FamilySearch index (accessed 24 April 2013)
Pennsylvania, veterans burial cards, 1777-1999
Ancestry index (accessed 24 April 2013)
Find a grave
accessed 24 April 2013

Display


Stephen Smith Whinna in the 91st PA gedcom on RootsWeb WorldConnect

Stephen Smith Whinna in the 91st PA database

index to compiled service records

[index to compiled service records of volunteer Union soldiers who served in organizations from the state of Pennsylvania]
[transcribed 5 May 2015, from Fold3]


Whina Stephen
Co. H, 91 Pennsylvania Inf.
Pvt | Sgt
REFERENCE CARD.
Original filed under
Whinna Stephen

GENERAL INDEX CARD.


[card 2, transcribed 5 May 15]

Whinna Stephen
Co. H, 91 Pennsylvania Inf.
Pvt | Sgt
See also [blank]

GENERAL INDEX CARD.


[card 3, transcribed 8 May 15]

Winna, Stephen
Co. H, 91 Pennsylvania Inf.
Pvt. | Sergt.
REFERENCE CARD.
Original filed under
Whinna, Stephen

GENERAL INDEX CARD.

death certificate

[death certificate, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, 28 June 1864, Stephen Whinna]
[thanks to Ed McLaughlin for finding this!]

RETURN OF A DEATH
IN THE CITY OF PHILADELPHIA.
PHYSICIAN'S CERTIFICATE
1. Name of Deceased, Sergt Stephen Whinna
2. Colour, White
3. Sex, Male
4. Age, 25 Years
5. Married
6. Date of Death, June 28th 1864 David Island NY Harbour
7. Cause of Death, Wounds recd at Petersburg
corp H 91 Reg PVV
Geo E Chamber Registration Clerk
UNDERTAKER'S CERTIFICATE, IN RELATION TO DECEASED.
8. Occupation, Fancy Soap Maker
9. Place of Birth, Phil
10. When a Minor, [blank]
11. Ward, 19th
12. Street and Number, 2303 Jasper St
13. Date of Burial, July 3d 1864
14. Place of Burial, Union Harmony Ground [?]
N Helverson Undertaker
Residence, 221 Coates St

death notice

[death notice, Public Ledger 2 July 1864 page 2, Stephen Whinna]

WHINNA--At David's Island, New York Harbor June 27th, from wounds received before Petersburg, Va., on the 17th [sic] instant, Sergeant STEPHEN S WHINNA, Company H, 91st Regt. Pennsylvania Veteran Volunteers.

"Farewell, thou broad banner, bright glory be thine,
O'er land and o'er ocean may'st thou ever shine
Unrivaled in splendor of worthy renown
While heaven approvingly on thee looks down
For me the wild clamor of battle is o'er.
The soul-binding trumpet shall thrill me no more
My bosom is shattered, my life's waning fast.
Proud banner! I've battled for thee till the last
Thou emblem of valor, and heart of the free,
'Tis glory, 'tis virtue, to perish for thee.
Whatever I've suffered of torturing pain
For thee, death denying, I'd yield to again
The cold sod my pillow, to morrow I'll sleep
Where darkness and silence their gloomy reign keep.
Dim shadows around are ringing my knell.
May'st thou ever prosper, proud banner, farewell!

The relatives and friends of the family, and the Purity Lodge 325 [?], I O of O. F; also, members of the 91st Regiment now in the city, and Soldiers generally, are invited to attend the funeral, from the residence of his father-in-law, Charles Jenkins, Front and Dauphin street, Nineteenth ward on Sunday, the 3d inst., at 2 [?] o'clock. The funeral will proceed to Hanover street burial ground.

widow's pension certificate file

[abstract of widow's pension certificate file, National Archives and Records Administration, record group 15, certificate number WC 57,867, Mary Ann B Jenkins widow of Stephen Smith Whinna]
[abstracted from 24 pages on Fold3, November-December 2011]
25 December 1861
Stephen Smith Whinna married Mary Ann B Jenkins, at Philadelphia, Pennsylvania (p.2, 9 [city marriage certificate])
Stephen Smith Whinna, soldier, residence Philadelphia, born England, age 21 (p.9)
Mary A B Jenkins, residence Philadelphia, born Philadelphia, age 21 (p.9)
married by Rev John Thompson, methodist ceremony (p.2, 9)
no children
26 Dec 1863
enrolled (on 24 Dec) and mustered in (on 26 Dec) as corporal, veteran volunteer, at Bealton VA (p.5; p.2 has 1864, obviously incorrectly)
5 feet 8 inches high, dark complexion, dark hair, [blank] eyes, born Carlisle England (p.19)
27 June 1864
Sergt Whinna "Died in New York June 27. 1864 from wounds recd. at Petersburg June 18 /64" (pp.2, 5, 8)
died at New York Harbour (pp.2, 5)
5 Aug 1864
Warren Webster, Asst Surg USA, in charge, DeCamp General Hospital USA, Davids' Island, NY, replied to a letter from Mrs M A Whinna of 2303 Jasper St Phila that Sergt Stephen Whinna died in that hospital 'of Gun Shot Wounds of Shoulder + Lung' (p.6)
19 October 1864
Mary A B Whinna widow of Stephen Smith Whinna applied for a pension, application 69,214 (p.2)
23 years old, resident of Philadelphia (p.2)
dated 8 Oct 1864 (p.2)
she lived in Philadelphia Pennsylvania; post office address 2303 Jasper St
attorney W N Ashman, 1307 Chestnut St, Philadelphia Pennsylvania
accepted 16 October 1865, retroactive to 27 June 1864; initially received $8 per month
attorney: Robert Whinna (p.2)
supporting witnesses: Samuel Baxter, John C Kelly [?] (p.4)
21 January 1865
Adjutant General's Office provided information summarized above (p.5)
15 June 1865
Pension Office sent circular 22 to the adjutant general and 14 to the surgeon general (p.13)
7 July 1865
Surgeon General's Office provided information summarized above (p.8)
13 July 1865
surgeon general returned some evidence to the Pension Office, which sent circulars 9, 1, 17, and 10 to the claimant (p.13)
19 July 1865
Adjutant General's office informed Pension Office that Sergt Stephen Whinna appears on the July-August 1864 muster roll, as 'Died in New York June 27th 1864 from wounds rec'd at Petersburg June 18th 1864'; no Whinna appears on any other rolls (p.17)
20 July 1865
Mary Ann B Whinna, 24 years old, residing in Philadelphia PA, swore to the relevant facts to apply for a pension (p.19)
Robert Whinna attorney (p.19)
Samuel Baxter and John C Kelly (both residing in Philadelphia) swore to her identity and the truth of the crucial facts (p.20)
sworn before Geo Kelly, Prothoy of Dist Court, [agent's?] address Salisbury, Somerset County, Maryland (p.20)
Pension Office received 25 July 1865 (p.22)
26 July 1865
Pension Office received [?] circular 22 from [?] the adjutant general, and received a response to 9, 17, 10, and 11 from the claimant (p.13)
29 July 1865
Pension Office received a response to circular 22, and [sent?] circular 9 to the claimant, at 2303 Jasper St, 19th Ward, Philadelphia PA (p.13)
4 Aug 1865
Adjutant General's Office informed Pension Office that no other Whinna appears on the rolls in their office (p.18)
17 Aug 1865
Mary A B Whinna, resident of Philadelphia, 24, swore to the above relevant facts to apply for pension (p.23)
Samuel Baxter and John C Kelly were witnesses (pp.23-24)
Mary Whinna's address was 2303 Jasper St Philadelphia PA (p.24)
Pension Office receivd 1 September 1865 (p.24)
W N Ashman attorney (p.24)
8 September 1865
Pension Office sent circular 9 to [attorney] Ashman
9 October 1865
George P Finney (late Captain co. H, 1st sgt when Whinna was wounded) certified that Stephen Whinna was a sergeant in co. H, was wounded in the right shoulder in action on 18 June 1864 'while advancing on the Rebel Works before Petersburg', and died of that wound on 27 June 1864 (p.15)
Pension Office received 10 October (p.16)
21 Oct 1865
certificate issued. sent to W N Ashman, Philadelphia PA (p.14)
pension retroactive to 27 June 1864. initial rate $8 per month (p.14)

birth record

[England Births and Christenings 1538-1975 (abstract only), on FamilySearch.org (searched 25 December 2011)]
Stephen Smith Whinna, christened 4 April 1841, St Mary's, Carlisle, Cumberland, England, parents Joseph and Margaret Whinna

Philadelphia directories

[checked the directories listed below on Fold3, 25 December 2011]

1855 Biddle's Philadelphia directory, page 593, no Stephen Whinna
1859 Biddle's Philadelphia directory page 758, no Stephen Whinna (but Robert Whinna, bookbr. [sic], 1351 Earl, with Joseph Whinna weaver 1351 Earl)
1860 Biddle's Philadelphia directory, page 1069, no Stephen Whinna (or Robert, or Whinna on Jasper St)
1861 Biddle's Philadelphia directory, page 1053, no Stephen Whinna (or Mary, or Robert, or Whinna on Jasper st)
1862 Biddle/McElroy's Philadelphia directory, page 712, no Stephen Whinna (or Robert, or Mary, or Whinna on Jasper St)
1863 Biddle/McElroy's Philadelphia directory, page 800
     Whinna Stephen, perfumer, Letterly n Carroll [no other Whinna at that address]
1864 Biddle/McElroy's Philadelphia directory, page 792, no Stephen or Mary Whinna (or Robert, or Whinna on Jasper St)
1865 Sherman's Philadelphia directory, page 715, no Stephen, Mary, Jasper St. Whinna
1866 McElroy's Philadelphia directory, page 778, no Stephen, Mary, Jasper St. Whinna
1867 Gopsill's Philadelphia directory, page 1320, no Stephen, Mary, Jasper St Whinna
1868 Gopsill's Philadelphia directory, page 1617, no Stephen, Mary, Jasper St. Whinna
1869 Gopsill's Philadelphia directory, page 1545, no Stephen, Mary, Jasper St. Whinna
1873 Gopsill's Philadelphia directory, page 1356, no Stephen or Mary Whinna

death notice

[death notice, Alexandria Gazette 9 July 1864 page 2, S S Whinna]
[transcribed from GenealogyBank]

Sergeant S. S. Whinna, brother of the Rev. Mr. Whinna, of the M. P. Church, stationed in this place, of the 91st Pennsylvania Vols., died recently of wounds received at battles before Petersburg.

Headstone

[records of headstones of deceased Union veterans, 1879-1903]
[transcribed 24 April 2013, from FamilySearch]

Whinna Stephen S
Sgt Co. H, 91 Regt. Pa Infy
Cemetery Cedar Hill
at Frankford Phila Pa
Grave [blank]
Date of death June 27 1864
Headstone supplied by
Sheldon & Sons
West Rutland Vermont,
Contract dated Aug. 21, 1886.

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revised 5 May 15
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