91st PA: James Williams

James Williams

Before the war

He was born in 1825/26, in Monmouth, Wales. [sources: date: 2 (35 in 1861), 6 (33 in 1860), 8 (38 at death in 1864), 11 (30 in 1861). place: 2, 6, 8]

On 10 October 1850, he married Sarah Ann Quinn. She was born in 1827/28, in Albany, New York; she was apparently descended from Elizabeth Quinn. Reverend Orson Douglas married them; the marriage record was held by the Mariner's Church, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. They apparently had at least three children:

[sources: 6, 11, 13]

In 1860, he was living in ward 1, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. He was living with Sarah (presumably his wife), and with John and Edward (presumably their children), Elizabeth Quinn, and with one other person. He was a bricklayer, and owned $100 in personal property. [source: 6]

When he enlisted, he was a bricklayer. [sources: 2, 11]

Description

When he enlisted, he was 5 feet 6-1/2 inches tall, had a dark complexion, dark eyes, and dark hair. [source: 2, 11 (5'6", dark complexion, black eyes, black hair)]

During the war

He enlisted and was mustered into service for three years in company E on 6 September 1861, at Philadelphia Pennsylvania. He was enlisted by Captain Lentz, and mustered into service by Captain Starr. [sources: 1, 2, 11 (mustered in on 9 September), 15]

In the 1861 election, he was part of a group taken to vote by Alderman Lentz, apparently on Dickerson Street, between Seventh and Eighth, in the Eighth Precinct, First Ward. [source: 5]

On 12 April 1862, he was quartered in a large house opposite the capital, in a room with Henry Mathers (E) and Francis Harrigan (E) (14).

In September-October 1862, he (allegedly) contracted heart disease, from three days and nights service on picket duty, after the Battle of Antietam. [source: 11]

He was discharged on 24 November 1862 on surgeon's certificate of disability, at Camp near Sharpsburg, Maryland. He had been unfit for duty fifty days of the last two months. He was discharged 'because of valvular disease of the heart which materially interferes with marching and prevents anything like violent exercise', according to John Young, assistant surgeon in charge of the 91st Pennsylvania. He was a private, in company E. [sources: 1, 2, 3, 11 (22 or 23 Nov), 15]

After the war

On 17 December 1864, he died, of hypertrophy of heart. The death occurred suddenly; according to his physician the symptoms were mainly catarrh. His physician said his heart disease was 'greatly aggravated, if not originally produced, by hardship & exposure in the army'. He died at, or was buried from, his late residence, 125 Siegle Street, ward 1, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. He was married. He was a soldier. On 21 December 1864, he was buried, at Mutual Ground. Members of the Southern Lodge, Number 41, International Order of Odd Fellows, were invited to attend the funeral. [sources: 8, 10 (Wednesday), 11]

On 20 March 1869, his widow, Sarah A Williams, successfully applied from Pennsylvania for a pension, under the Act of 14 July 1862 and the Act of 25 July 1866. Her post office address was 125 Seigel Street, Philadelphia. Her application was accepted in May 1869, and a certificate dated 24 May 1869 was issued for $8 per month, retroactive to 17 December 1864, and $2 per month for each child under sixteen, retroactive to 25 July 1866. John L Graham testified supporting her application. [sources: 4, 9, 11]

In 1870, his widow, Sarah Williams, was living in ward 1, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. She was living with John and Joseph (presumably her children), and with Elizabeth Quinn. [source: 7]

On 15 December 1875, the Pension Bureau instructed the pension agent to suspend payment, presumably because of the problems with execution of documents that led other pensions to be suspended (and which we know affected Francis Register's clients). On 24 January 1876, they instructed the pension agent to resume payment. [source: 11]

In 1880, his widow, Sarah Williams, was living at 1425 Rye, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. She was living with her greatgrandmother Elizabeth Quinn, her son John and his wife and child, and (probably) her son Joseph. [source: 12]

On 3 November 1898, his widow, Sarah A Williams, died, in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. She died of uraemia. She died at, or was buried from, 624 Mountain Street, ward 1, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. On 6 November 1898, she was buried, at Mutual Cemetery, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. [source: 13]

On 31 December 1901, Sarah A Williams was dropped from the pension rolls. She had last been paid through 4 August 1898, at $12 per month. [source: 11]

Researcher

Contact d.marcel@worldnet.att.net if you have information about James Williams!

Sources

1 Bates, Samuel Penniman. History of Pennsylvania volunteers, 1861-5. Harrisburg: B. Singerly, state printer, 1869-71. 5 volumes. 'Ninety-first regiment', volume 3, pages 186-233. (In the roster)

2 descriptive roll, company E, entry 80 (James Williams)

3 company E, register of men discharged, number 12 (James Williams)

4 pension index, by regiment, 91st PA Infantry, company E (James Williams)

5 'The Sheriff contested election case', Philadelphia Press Monday 23 June 1862 page 4 (James Williams)

6 1860 US census, Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, ward 1, precinct 8, microfilm series M653, film 1151, page 392 = 132 handwritten (James Williams)

7 1870 US census, Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, ward 1, division 10, microfilm series M593, film 1387, page 407 = 128 handwritten (Sarah Williams)

8 death certificate, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, 17 December 1864 (James Williams)

9 pension index by name (James Williams)

10 death notice, Public Ledger 20 December 1864 page 2 (James Williams)

11 widow's pension certificate file, certificate WC 129,558, Sarah Ann Quinn widow of James Williams, National Archives and Records Administration, record group 15 (Sarah Ann Quinn widow of James Williams)

12 1880 US census, Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, enumeration district 12, microfilm series T9, film 1166, page 165 = 9 A handwritten FamilySearch (Sarah Williams)

13 death certificate, Philadelphia Pennsylvania, 3 November 1898 (Sarah A Williams)

14 letter, Henry Mathers to his mother, 12 April 1862, in her pension certificate file (Williams)

15 index to compiled service records of volunteer Union soldiers who served in organizations from the state of Pennsylvania (James Williams)

Sources checked unsuccessfully

RootsWeb WorldConnect
accessed 8 December 2009 and again on 14 January 2014
1850 US census
FamilySearch and Ancestry indices (accessed 14 January 2014)
none of the James Williams of approximately the right age, born in Wales, living in Pennsylvania, were bricklayers

the 1851 Biddle's directory, page 460, has two James Williams, bricklayers:
(1) 'Williams Jas. bricklr., 1 Higgins' ct'
perhaps see p.461: 'Williams Robert, ship carp. Higgins' ct'
perhaps see p.461: 'Williams Wm., oysterman, Higgins' ct'
see p.222: 'Kelly Fred., moulder, 6 Higgins' ct'
p.222: 'Kelly John, coachman, 2 ct'
p.182: 'Hayes Michael, lab. Higgins' ct'
p.183: 'Heigel Jos. stone cutter, Higgins' ct'
p.122: 'Emlen And, lab., Higgins' ct'
p.413: 'Strome Charles, musician, Higgin's ct'
p.413: 'Strome Joseph, musician, 3 Higgin's ct'
[Frederick Kelly, 34, born Wurttemberg, moulder, was living in precinct 4, ward 1, Philadelphia, microfilm series M653, film 1151, page 245 = 71 handwritten; a John is living with him, but John is only 3 years old and has no occupation]
[I was not able to find candidates for the others]
(2) 'Williams James P. bricklr. 60 Lombard'
[I did not find other people in the block, searching Fold3's OCR-based index (accessed 16 January 2014)]
1890 US census, veterans schedules
Ancestry and FamilySearch indices (accessed January 2014)
1900 US census
Ancestry index (accessed 14 January 2014)
1910 US census
Ancestry index (accessed 14 January 2014)
1920 US census
Ancestry index (accessed 14 January 2014)
1930 US census
Ancestry index (accessed 14 January 2014)
1940 US census
Ancestry index (accessed 14 January 2014)
records of headstones of deceased Union veterans, 1879-1903
FamilySearch index (accessed 14 January 2014)
headstone applications for US military veterans, 1925-1949
FamlySearch index (accessed 14 January 2014)
Veterans administration pension payment cards, 1907-1933
FamilySearch index (accessed 14 January 2014, searching for James Williams died 1864 or in Philadelphia)
Pennsylvania veterans burial cards
Acestry index (accessed 14 January 2014)

Display


James Williams in the 91st PA gedcom on RootsWeb WorldConnect

James Williams in the 91st PA database

1860 census

[1860 US census, Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, ward 1, precinct 8, microfilm series M653, film 1151, page 392 = 132 handwritten]
[identification is probable, since (1) Sarah's name matches the name of the widow who applied for a pension, (2) John's name and age match the name and age listed in the widow's pension certificate file, and (3) according to the pension certificate file, Sarah's birth family name was 'Quinn', which matched Elizabeth Quinn's family name]
line192021222324
Dwelling number958     
Family number1090     
NameJames WilliamsSarah G "John "Edward "Elizabeth QuinnEllen Smith
Age333283/127319
Sexmfmmff
Color      
OccupationBricklayer     
Value of real estate owned      
Value of personal estate100     
Place of birthWalesN. YorkPenna"IrelandEngland
Married within year      
Attended school within year  1   
Cannot read & write    1 
Deaf, dumb, blind, etc.      

1870 census

[1870 US census, Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, ward 1, division 10, microfilm series M593, film 1387, page 407 = 128 handwritten]
[identification is probable; see the note on the 1860 census entry above, and also (4) Joseph's name and age match the name and age in the widow's pension certificate file]
line32333435
Dwelling-house number349   
Family number359   
NameWilliams Sarah- John- JosephQuinn Elizabeth
Age4118682
SexFMMF
ColorWWWW
OccupationKeeping HouseLaborerAt SchoolRetired
Real estate value    
Personal estate value    
BirthplaceNew YorkPennsylvaniaPennsylvaniaIreland
Father foreign born1  1
Mother foreign born1  1
Birth month if born within year    
Marriage month if married within year    
Attended school past year  1 
Can't read    
Can't write    
Deaf, dumb, blind, etc.    
Male US citizen at least 21 years old    
Male US citizen at least 21 years old who can't vote ...    

1880 census

[1880 US census, Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, enumeration district 12, microfilm series T9, film 1166, page 165 = 9 A handwritten FamilySearch]
[identification is probable; see the note on the 1870 census entry above]
[I assume that 'Josephine' was actually 'Joseph', and the original 'M' and 'Son' are correct]
line252627282930
street nameRye
house number1425     
dwelling visit #71     
family visit #71     
nameQuinn ElizabWilliams Sarah" John A" Mary Z" Josephine" James B
colorWWWWWW
sexFFMFFM
[in line 29, 'F' is written above a crossed-out 'M']
age100502829164
month born if born in year      
relationshipG Grand mother SonDaughter in law Son
[in line 29, 'Son' is crossed out]
single    1 
married  11  
widowed/divorced11    
married during year      
occupation HousewifeStevedoreHousewife  
months unemployed      
currently ill?      
blind      
deaf/dumb      
idiotic      
insane      
disabled      
school this year      
can't read1     
can't write1     
birthplaceIrelandN. YorkPennaPennaPennaPenna
father's birthplaceIrelandIrelandWalesPennaWalesPenna
mother's birthplaceIrelandIrelandN. YorkPennaN. YorkPenna

index to compiled service records

[index to compiled service records of volunteer Union soldiers who served in organizations from the state of Pennsylvania]
[transcribed 8 May 2015, from Fold3]


Williams James
Co. E, 91 Pennsylvania Inf.
Pvt | Pvt.
See also [blank]

GENERAL INDEX CARD.

death certificate

[death certificate, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, 17 December 1864, James Williams]

RETURN OF A DEATH
IN THE CITY OF PHILADELPHIA.
PHYSICIAN'S CERTIFICATE.
1. Name of Deceased, James Williams
2. Colour, White
3. Sex, Male
4. Age, Thirty eight years
5. Married
6. Date of Death, Saturday December 17th 1864
7. Cause of Death, Hypertrophy of Heart
J M Right M.D.
Residence, 1336 So 4th St

UNDERTAKER'S CERTIFICATE, IN RELATION TO DECEASED.
8. Occupation, Soldier
9. Place of Birth, Wales
10. When a Minor, --
11. Ward, 1st
12. Street and Number, 125 Siegle St
13. Date of Burial, Dec 21st 1864
14. Place of Burial, Mutual Ground
D H Barnes Undertaker.
Residence, 815 S 2 St

death notice

[death notice, Public Ledger 20 December 1864 page 2, James Williams]

WILLIAMS--On the 17th instant, Mr. JAMES WILLIAMS, aged 38 [??] years

The relatives and friends of the family, also the members of Southern Lodge, No 41, I O of O F, are respectfully invited to attend the funeral, from his late residence, No 125 [?] Seigel [sic] street, on Wednesday afternoon the 21st [?] inst, at 2 o'clock

widow's pension certificate file

[widow's pension certificate file, certificate WC 129,558, Sarah Ann Quinn widow of James Williams, National Archives and Records Administration, record group 15]
[abstracted January 2014, from 30 pages on Fold3]
10 Oct 1850
James Williams married Sarah Ann Quinn (pp.4, 5)
married by Rev Orson Douglas (p.5)
records held in the Mariner's Church, Philadelphia (p.4)
two children: John Alexander (born 19 Sep 1851), Joseph (born 31 Aug 1863, at 729 Bayard St Philadelphia PA--father was a bricklayer) (pp.5, 13, 14)
John Alexander was baptized on 1 November 1851 in St Peter's Church, Philadelphia (p.13)
6 September 1861
James Williams enlisted at Philadelphia (pp.5, 9)
enlisted by Capt John D Lentz at Philadelphia (p.22)
30 years old, 5 feet 6 inches, dark complexion, black [sic] eyes, black hair, bricklayer (p.22)
5 feet 6-1/2 inches tall, dark complexion, black hair, dark eyes, born in Wales (p.5)
9 September 1861
James Williams mustered in as private E 91 PA, at Philadelphia (p.9)
Sept-Oct 1862
Williams contracted heart disease from three days and nights service on picket duty (according to Lt Graham)
'contracted in Said Service and in the line of his duty on or about the last of September or first of October 1862 with the Army of the Potomac after the battle of Antietam, Md. on picket in Stormy Weather' (p.5)
22/23 Nov 1862
discharged on surgeon's certificate because of valvular heart disease (p.21, citing a report by Regimental Surgeon John Young)
discharged 23 [sic] Nov 62 'by reason of disease of the heart' (p.9, quoting 10 July 1865 muster roll)
'because of valvular disease of the heart which materially interferes with marching and prevents anything like violent exercise'--John Young, asst surgeon in charge 91st PA (p.22)
[the discharge is page 22]
unfit for duty 50 days of last two months (p.22)
discharged signed Matthew Hall, Camp near Warrenton VA, 16 Nov 1862 (p.22)
discharged 23 November 1862, Camp near Falmouth VA, signed by E M Gregory (p.22)
17 Dec 1864
died of hypertrophy and valvular disease of the heart (shown by post-mortem examination) (pp.5, 10)
death 'occurred very suddenly' (p.10)
condition was 'not such as to attract very particular attention, presenting symptoms mainly of Catarrh' (p.10)
the physician 'has no knowledge of its origin, but believes (from the history of the case) it to have been greatly aggravated, if not originally produced, by hardship & exposure in the army' (p.10)
15 Apr [1869?]
the pension office received the ertificate of disability + sent circular 16 requesting information about Lt Graham's service (p.18)
7 Feb 1869
John L Graham swore that he knew James Williams, who was disabled at the 'Last of September or first of October 1862' 'being compelled to remain on Picket duty three days and Nights in the Rain. he contracted the Heart Disease' (p.24)
20 Feb 1869
James G Wright, physician and surgeon, 1336 S 4th st, testified (pp.10, 11)
18 Mar 1869
Sarah Lash and Ellen Bonhall swore that they live at 730 Bayard St and 1033 Cross St Philadelphia, know Sarah Ann Williams, knew James Williams, that he was sick when discharged and grew worse, that he 'often complain[ed] of palpitation of the heart, heard him say that when he laid down at night his heart would beat just like a hammer', that he was healthy when he enlisted, and that his habits were good and temperate (p.29)
20 Mar 1869
Sarah A Williams widow of James applied for a pension under the Acts of 14 July 1862 and 25 July 1866 (p.5)
residence: Philadelphia; post office address 125 Seigel St. (p.5)
40 years old (p.5)
attorney: Francis Register, 148 S 6th St Philadelphia (p.5)
witnesses Sarah Lush, Ellen Barnholt (p.5)
dated 18 March 1869 (p.5)
application 173,152 (p.9)
certificate dated 24 May 1869 issued for $8 per month, retroactive to 17 Dec 1864, and $2 per month for each child under 16 retroactive to 25 July 1866 (pp.3, 19)
passed May 1869 (p.3)
Chas T Cotton examining clerk (p.3)
8 Apr 1869
the Adjutant General's office sent the Pension Bureau the above-summarized information (p.9)
15 April 1869
the Pension Office asked the Adjutant General for information about John L Graham's service, and in particular whether he was 1st lt in VA in Sept/Oct 1862 (p.27)
reply dated 13 May 1869: John L Graham mustered as 2nd Lt E 91st PA to date 9 August 1864, as 1st Lt 31 Oct 1864 and mustered out with company on 10 Jan 1865; on the Sep/Oct 1862 company muster roll, he is reported 'Corporal present for duty' dated 21 Oct 1862 near Lovettsville [?] Virginia (p.28)
16 May 1869
no invalid or other pension application (p.7)
25 May 1869
the Surgeon General's Office reported the above-summarized information (p.21)
1 July 1869
the Pension Bureau wrote the widow [?] 'as to manage disability + death', and sent to the Second Auditor 'as per request' (p.20)
15 Dec 1875
the Pension Bureau instructed the pension agent to suspend payment (p.20)
24 Jan 1876
the Pension Bureau instructed the pension agent to resume payment (p.20)
31 Dec 1901
Sarah A Williams was dropped from the pension rolls (pp.15, 20)
she was last paid at $12 per month through 4 August 1898 (p.15)

death certificate, Sarah A Williams

[death certificate, Philadelphia Pennsylvania, 3 November 1898, Sarah A Williams]
[transcribed 14 January 2014, from FamilySearch]

9434
RETURN OF A DEATH
IN THE CITY OF PHILADELPHIA.
PHYSICIAN'S CERTIFICATE.
1. Name of Deceased, Sarah A Williams
2. Color, White
3. Sex, Female
4. Age, Seventy Three Years
5. Widdow [sic]
6. Date of Death November 3rd 1898
7. Cause of Death, Uraemia
Rutledge T. Wiesbank M.D.
Residence, 1410 S 5th St.

UNDERTAKER'S CERTIFICATE IN RELATION TO DECEASED.
8. Occupation, [blank]
9. Place of Birth, Albany N.Y.
10. When a Minor, [blank]
11. Ward, 1st
12. Street and Number, 624 Mountain St.
13. Date of Burial, Sunday Nov. 6th 2 P.M.
14. Place of Burial, Mutual Cemetery
John A. Franks Undertaker.
Residence, 441 North 6th St

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revised 8 May 15
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