HMS Brunswick

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Brunswick, 1790
Type: 3rd rate ; Armament 74
Completed : 1790 ; Disposal date or year : 1826
BM: 1836 tons
Complement: 634

14 Jul 1793 departed with the Channel fleet from St. Helen's. On the 18th to the west of the Scilly Isles and subsequent manoeuvres.

31 Jul 1793 briefly sighted, but was unable to close the French fleet ; returned to Torbay on 10 Aug.

23 Aug 1793 the Channel Fleet departed to escort the Newfoundland trade, West Indian convoys in home waters.

27 Oct 1793 departed in search of the French fleet and squadrons. 18 Nov brief skirmish with a French squadron : by mid-December the fleet had returned to Spithead.

2 May - 1 Jun 1794 Departure of the Channel Fleet from St. Helen's, and the lead up to actions and manoeuvres with the French fleet. 29 May - 1 Jun., what was to be known as the Battle of the Glorious 1st June commences, resulting in the capture of six sail of the line and one sunk. Review of the part performed by each British ship engaged. 13 Jun, the fleet arrived back in home ports.

14 Feb 1795 the Channel fleet departed from Torbay for a brief cruise and to see various convoys safe out of the Channel.

30 May 1795 a squadron under Vice-adm. Hon. Wm. Cornwallis departed from Spithead on a cruise off Ushant. Brief meeting, on 8 Jun off Belle-Isle, of Vice-adm Cornwallis' squadron with French Squadron under Rear-admiral Vence, with a convoy, during which 8 merchant vessels were taken when the French squadron escaped into harbour.

16 Jun 1795 on returning off Belle-Isle Vice-adm. Cornwallis' squadron of 5 ships of the line, including the Brunswick, Captain Lord Charles Fitzgerald, sighted a French Squadron of 12 ships of the line under the command of M. Villaret : on this occasion it was the turn of the British squadron to attempt to escape the advancing French fleet.

22 Jul 27 Oct 1799 the Brunswick captured 3 merchant vessels during this period on the West Indies station.

15 Jul 1800 Plymouth, arrived off the Sound with the the Retaliation and a homeward-bound Jamaica convoy, of 84 sail.

18 Jul 1800 Portsmouth, arrived with the Aquilon, and a convoy from the West Indies.

23 Jul 1800 Portsmouth, arrived from the Downs.

11 Jan 1801 in ordinary at Portsmouth, ordered to be repaired for commission.

25 Jan 1801 at Portsmouth. Sir A. S. Hamond and Sir William Rule arrived here on the 19th, and went off for London on the 22d, after surveying, in company with Commissioner Sir Charles Saxton, the whole of the ships in ordinary ; and ordered the following to be repaired and ready for commission in six weeks at farthest the Brunswick, Bellerophon, Goliath, Vengeance, Vanguard, and Hannibal.

9 Feb 1801 taken into dock at Portsmouth.

22 Apr 1801 having been fully repaired went out of harbour to Spithead.

5 May 1801 whilst initially earmarked to depart Spithead for the Baltic Fleet, her destination was recently changed and she'd departed earlier today for the Channel Fleet, when a signal was received from shore to the effect that she should change her destination back to the Eastward, in order to join the Baltic fleet.

8 May 1801 sailed through the Downs en route for N. Yarmouth.

11 May 1801 arrived N. Yarmouth.

13 May 1801 remain in the Roads at N. Yarmouth the Brunswick, 74 ; Terpsichore, frigate ; Ann, hired armed ship ; Phoenix, and George, cutters ; Victor, schooner ; Nancy, fire brig.

24 May 1801 Adm Dickson in the Blenheim departed N. Yarmouth for a cruise off Goree with the Standard, 64, Brunswick, 74, Princess of Orange, 74, Assistance, 50, Texel 64 ; Squirrel, frigate ; Hart, brig ; and a cutter.

2 Jun 1801 arrived N. Yarmouth last night the following vessels, under the command of Adm Dickson, from a cruise off the coast of Holland : Blenheim, flag ship ; Brunswick, Princess of Orange, Leyden, Texel, and Assistance ; the Solebay, and Waakzamheit, frigates ; and Phoenix and Liberty, cutters.

8 Jun 1801 Adm Dickson's squadron departed N. Yarmouth for a cruise on the Coast of Holland with the Blenheim, flag ship ; Brunswick, Princess of Orange, Leyden, Texel, Assistance, Solebay frigate ; Ariadne sloop ; and Liberty cutter.

15 Jun 1801 Adm Dickson's squadron arrived N. Yarmouth from a cruise off the Coast of Holland with the Blenheim, flag ship ; Brunswick, Princess of Orange, Leyden, Standard, Assistance ; Ranger sloop ; Jalouse, brig ; Phoenix and Speculator, Luggers ; and Hazard, Liberty and Diligent, cutters.

21 Jun 1801 Adm Dickson's squadron departed N. Yarmouth for a cruise on the Coast off Goree, consisting of the Blenheim, flag ship ; Assistance, Leyden, Princess of Orange, Brunswick, Standard ; Bittern sloop ; and Liberty cutter.

Circa Aug 1801 Mr. S. Waller, late Purser of the America, to be purser of the Brunswick.

5 Aug 1801 arrived Spithead from the North Seas.

17 Aug 1801 departed Spithead to join the Channel Fleet.

30 Oct 1801 the Goliath, Elephant, Captain, Ganges, and Brunswick arrived off Madeira and departed the same day.

3 Nov 1801 the Falmouth packet Leicester, Steel, arrived Port Royal, Jamaica, where the Santa Margarita, Crescent, Carnatic, Retribution, Topaze, Mosquito/Musquito, and Abergavenny were present. During the Leicester's stay at Port Royal the HM ships Bourdelais, Snake, Echo, Ambuscade, Tisiphone, Calypso, Juno, Sans Pareil, Melampus, Pelican, Captain, Goliah/Goliath, Brunswick, and Elephant arrived there.

10 Nov 1801 letters received Plymouth from the Captain, dated off Brest, state, that the following ships, with sealed orders, were detached from the Channel fleet, supposed for Jamaica, viz. Goliath, of 74 guns, Commodore Essington ; the Captain, Ganges, Brunswick, and Elephant.

30 Nov 1801 the Ganges, Brunswick, Elephant, Captain and Goliath, ships of the line, and frigate Ambuscade arrived at Port Royal from the Channel fleet in a month and 4 days. The Ambuscade departed Port Royal 7 Dec 1801 and arrived Spithead 19 Jan 1802.

19 Jan 1802 arrived Spithead the Ambuscade, 36, Captain the Hon. John Colvill, from Jamaica. She sailed from Port Royal on the 7th of December, and left there R.-Adm. Montagu, in the Sans Pareil, with H.M. ships Carnatic, Abergavenny, Crescent, Melampus, Juno, Circe, Bourdelais, and Tisiphone. The following ships were also there, having been detached from the Channel fleet, and arrived at Port Royal on the 26th of November, viz. Goliath, Elephant, Captain, Ganges, and Brunswick.

13 May 1802 the Brunswick, Bellona, Vengeance, Orion, Defence, Edgar, Elephant, Powerful, and Carnatic departed Jamaica for England.

24 Jun 1802 arrived St Helen's this morning and later in the day was brought up to Spithead the Brunswick, 74, Captain Stephens, from Jamaica, in company with the Bellona, Vengeance, Orion, after a passage of 6 weeks. The Defence, Edgar, Elephant, Powerful, and Carnatic came home with them, the four former vessels having been sent to the Eastward to be paid off, the latter being sent in to Plymouth.

8 Jul 1802 the Bellona, Orion, Vengeance, and Brunswick, have been paid off at Portsmouth this week, and laid up in ordinary.

Circa 29 Jan 1803 has been taken into dock at Portsmouth with a view to being commissioned.

14 May 1803 ordered to be prepared at Portsmouth for commission as expeditiously as possible.

May 1805 Portsmouth, fitting in Ordinary

26 Jul 1807 departed as a part of a fleet of 38 vessels for Copenhagen and was present from 15 Aug - 20 Oct 1807 for the siege and bombardment of Copenhagen and capture of Danish Fleet by Adm. Gambier.

May - Oct 1808 in the Baltic with a fleet under V.-adm Sir J Saumarez.

9 - 11 Aug 1808 involved in the evacuation of 10,000 Spanish troops from Denmark to England and thence to Spain, following Spain's determination to evict the French invaders from Spain, which involved a boat action against the Danish vessels Fama, and Salorman.