HMS Colossus

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Colossus, 1803
Type: 3rd rate ; Armament 74
Launched : at Deptford on 23 Apr 1803 ;
Disposal date or year : 1826

Circa 25 May 1802 Mr. D. C. Young, Purser of the Trusty, is appointed to the Colossus, 74, building at Deptford.

8 Aug 1803 arrived in the Downs the Colossus, from the River, and remains with the Utrecht, sloop Peterel, and a number of armed cutters.

14-26 Aug 1803 the capture of the EIC ship Lord Nelson by the French privateer Bellone and subsequent attempts to re-take her by an English cutter-privateer ; brig-sloop Seagull and her recovery by the 74s Colossus and Tonnant.

2 Nov 1803 a letter dated 20 Oct 1803, received at Plymouth, from off Ferrol reports that the squadron under the command of Commodore Sir E Pellew, is all well, and is made up of the Tonant, Cdre Pellew ; Impeteux, Capt T B Martin ; Colossus, Capt G Martin ; Spartiate, Capt Manley ; Dragon, Capt Griffith, all ships of the line ; and the frigate Sirius, Capt Prowse.

23 Nov 1803 arrived Cawsand Bay from off Ferrol, the Impeteux, Capt Martin, and the Colossus, Capt Geo Martin. The were caught in the hurricane at SW in the channel on Monday night last, but weathered it safe and well, having departed the squadron on the 15th.

13 Dec 1803 put back to Cawsand Bay, due to the violence of the weather at SSE.

31 Jan 1804 the Ville de Paris, Adm Cornwallis, has been obliged by the gales now blowing up the Channel to leave the French Coast and put into Torbay with the Dreadnought, Prince, Foudroyant, Impetueux, Colossus, and Conqueror, from whence they sailed on the 3 Feb.

Circa 5 Mar 1804 Acting Capt S Seymour apptd to the Colossus, vice Martin indisposed.

25 Mar 1804 per a letter from the Squadron off the Black Rocks, it was reported that between eight and nine in the morning, the Magnificent, lying at anchor off the Saintes, with the Impetueux, Colossus, and the Montague, in the act of getting under weigh struck on an unknown shoal of rocks. Not being able to save the ship, the decision was made to save the crew, and to this end the boats of ships nearby, gave their assistance, whilst the Indefatigable and Aigle anchored close to her bows, and the schooner Pickle and cutter Fox were on her starboard quarter.

Circa 28 Apr 1804 Capt J N Morris, apptd to the Colossus.

Circa 27 Oct 1804 it is reported that the Channel Fleet : the Ville de Paris, San Josef, Prince, Prince George, Princess Royal, Temeraire, Windsor Castle, and Plantagenet had departed Torbay for their station, having being joined from Plymouth by the Britannia and Venerable, the Foudroyant, Colossus and Repulse having gone into Cawsand Bay.

Circa 29 Dec 1804 Mr MacDonald apptd Surgeon of the Colossus.

May 1805 Cawsand Bay

20 Aug 1805 Dreadnought, Colossus and Achille, chased from off Cadiz by the Franco-Spanish fleet. 21st joined by the Mars, and was back on station once the joint fleet was in harbour.

10 Oct 1805 off Cadiz - the tactical preparations etc. for the forthcoming battle. 20 Oct combined fleet departed Cadiz, fleet manoeuvres.

21 Oct 1805 England expects….. &c. signalled, the first shots of the Battle of Trafalgar are fired. Nelson shot. Resumé of what had taken place. Individual ship actions and losses : Colossus. The post-mortem commences ; Summary of British casualties ; Death of Nelson ;

22-30 Oct 1805 losses amongst the prizes due to bad weather etc: Redoutable, Rayo, Monarca (sank) ; Fougueux, Bucentaure, Indomptable, San-Francisco-de-Asis, Aigle, Berwick (wrecked) ; Algésiras (taken into Cadiz) ; Santa-Ana, Neptuno (recaptured) ; Santisima-Trinidad (scuttled) ; Achille, Intrépide, San-Augustin (burnt) ; the washup ; burial of Nelson ;

Portsmouth 4 Aug 1806 Has gone out to the Sound, having undergone repair.

Circa 1 Feb 1808 having, due to bad weather, been unable to maintain a watch off Rochefort, R.-adm. Strachan's squadron, on being informed of the escape of the French squadron, probably bound to the Mediterranean, departed in pursuit.

Circa 4 Feb 1808 off Ferrol, spoke Sir R King's squadron ; on the 9th was off Cadiz, passed the Rock on the following day, and joined V.-adm. E. Thornborough's squadron in Palermo bay on the 21st.

2 Mar 1808 joined Lord Collingwood's squadron off the island of Maritimo. 6 Mar received news that the French fleet had been at sea for a month and departed in search, which continued for a week or two after the French fleet had returned to Toulon on 10 Apr. Leaving Vice-admiral Thornborough with a sufficient force to blockade Toulon, Lord Collingwood departed for Gibraltar and Cadiz, to contribute his aid to the cause of the Spanish patriots.

Portsmouth 16 Jan 1811 departed for Chatham.

Deal 17 Jan 1811 arrived from the Westward.

Deal 21 Jan 1811 departed for Sheerness.

Plymouth 21 Sep 1811 arrived from the eastward.

Sheerness 19 Oct 1811 departed a few days since for off Brest.

Plymouth 9 Jan 1812 Came in to get fresh launches and boats to replace those destroyed in the late unsuccessful attempt in Basque Roads.

9 Mar 1812 the Tonnant, Northumberland, Colossus, and Bulwark blockading Lorient, discovered the French squadron had escaped ; departed in search. French sighted by the Diana on the 9th and on the 10th, when she was joined by the Pompée and by Tremendous and Poictiers, but lost sight of the French in fog on the 11th.

Plymouth 23 Apr 1812 J. Salt, ordinary seaman, was sentenced to death by Court Martial for striking the Master at Arms. However, minutes prior to his execution, onboard the Colossus, a reprieve was read to the prisoner in front of the attending boats crews from the fleet.

Plymouth 18 Jun 1812 arrived last evening, forced in by contrary winds. They will sail as soon as the wind turns fair.

Plymouth 3 Sep 1812 arrived from the Channel Fleet.

5 Jan 1813 captured a U.S. privateer, the 12 gun Dolphin, with 56 men.

Plymouth 13 Jan 1813 Detained and sent in the Dolphin, American ship.

Plymouth 6 Feb 1813 arrived from a cruise off the Western Islands, having captured and brought in the American ship Print, from Boston, bound to Bayonne.

Harwich 20 May 1813 Remains in Hoseley Bay.

Deal 27 Oct 1813 departed for off the Texel.

3 May 1814 Reports suggest that she is to be paid off at Chatham.