HMS Defiance

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Defiance, 1783
Type: 3rd rate ; Armament 74
Launched : 1783 ;
Disposal date or year : 1817
Notes:

15 Jan 1799 Portsmouth, at Spithead ; 17th dropped down to St. Helen's in preparation for a cruise off Brest ; 20th remains at St. Helen's.

28 Jan 1799 Portsmouth, departed with the squadron under Queen Charlotte, for a cruise off Brest.

9 Apr 1799 Plymouth, arrived from off Brest, having sprung her bowsprit.

6 May 1799 Cawsand Bay, with other ships of the line joined the Queen Charlotte off Plymouth Sound and departed down Channel before dark.

20 May 1799 joined the fleet in the Mediterranean off Minorca and anchored in Port-Mahon that evening and departed on 22 on a cruise.

1 Nov 1799 Plymouth, arrived from Lord Bridport's fleet the Formidable, Impetueux, Defiance, and Canada. The remainder of the fleet passed up for Torbay.— The fleet experienced very heavy gales of wind in their late cruise.

24 Apr 1800 Torbay, the Channel Fleet, under the command of Sir Alan Gardner, departed, viz. Ville de Paris, Barfleur, Glory, London, Neptune, St George, Temeraire, Windsor Castle, Ajax, Achilles, Cumberland, Canada, Captain, Centaur, Defence, Defiance, Elephant, Excellent, Hector, Impetueux, Marlborough, Ramilies, Resolution, Robust, Russel, Saturn, Superb, Terrible, Venerable, Warrior, Sheerness, Amelia, Sea Horse, Thames, and Havick.

3 Aug 1800 Plymouth, the Resolution, Pompee, Defiance, and Bourdelois, departed for the Downs per Admiralty Orders.

23 Oct 1800 Deuarnez Bay, with the flying squadron off the Black Rocks, composing the ships of the line Caesar, Pompee, Canada, Defence, Edgar, Warrior, Defiance, and Nimrod cutter ; the weather was very fine.

1 Jan 1801 by an express from Falmouth, received from Captain Curtis, of the Automatia, of 32 guns, which departed for rice to Calcutta on Sunday from this port, it appears she carried away all her masts in a violent squall off the Lizard, on Monday noon. She was towed close in with Falmouth by the Defiance, of 74 guns, Captain Shivers, and is arrived there. Naval Chronicle 1801 Vol 5 - Jan - Jun.

7 Jan 1801 arrived Plymouth from the Channel Fleet with the Magnificent. They left the squadron off the Black Rocks all well, the 3d instant.

3 Mar 1801 arrived Spithead from the Channel fleet.

5 Mar 1801 Adm. Graves hoisted his flag on aboard the Defiance.

10 Mar 1801 departed Spithead for North Yarmouth.

12 Mar 1801 departed the Downs for Yarmouth.

12 Mar 1801 arrived, the Defiance, Adm. Greaves at N. Yarmouth with the cutters Drake and Mary.

18 Jun 1801 a letter of this date, received from Kioge Bay, in the Baltic, reports the presence of the following fleet, this at about the same time as Lord Nelson departed in the Kite for N. Yarmouth, V.-Adm Pole having arrived here in the Aeolus to relieve Nelson : the St George, Elephant, Defiance, Polyphemus, Edgar, Agamemnon, Defence, Adder, Aeolus, Kite, Dart, Zebra, Terror, Explosion, Sulphur, Discovery, Volcano, Hecla, Wrangler, Cracker, Safeguard, Sparkler, Attack, Tigress, Bruiser, Hasty, Biter, Otter, Force, Pleaser, Teazer.

19 Jul 1801 arrived N. Yarmouth with the Baltic fleet under the command of Adm Graves, consisting of the Defiance, flag ship ; Veteran, Polyphemus, and Ruby, 74s ; Otter, brig ; Latona, and Jamaica, frigates ; Vesuve, Bruiser, Cracker, Hasty, Teazer and Pincher, gun-brigs ; Alecto, fire-ship ; Sulphur, and Explosion, Bomb ; Speedwell, and Queen, tenders.

28 Jul 1801 arrived Plymouth Sound the Hyaena, from off Copenhagen, last from Cork ; where she left the Warrior, Tyler, Bellona, Ganges, Defiance, Russell, and Defence, of 74 guns each ; a frigate, and EItham armed schooner, where they are to victual, and then proceed on a cruise.

3 Aug 1801 arrived Plymouth Sound, from Cork.

9 Aug 1801 came into Portsmouth harbour from Spithead for a refit.

12 Oct 1801 ordered to be paid off at Portsmouth, following on the signing of the Peace of Amiens. And as an innovative step forward to ensure that the men don't lose their hard earned money when they're paid off they will be paid a small sum in advance, with an order to their local Provincial Collector of Excise, Customs or Taxes to be paid upon the men "reaching their houses."

20 Jul 1802 head money for those present at the Engagement at Copenhagen, on the 2d April 1801, due for payment.

19 Nov 1802 the Defiance, 74, and Robust, 74, are ordered to be repaired for commission at Portsmouth.

Circa 28 May 1803 Capt Durham apptd in command of the Defiance, reputed to be one of the fastest vessels of her rate.

30 May 1803 the Pendant was hoisted on board the Defiance by Capt Durham.

31 May 1803 taken out of dock.

4 Jun 1803 through the exertions of her officers and men is reported to be ready to go out to Spithead.

27 Jun 1803 Adm Montague shifted his flag to the Defiance prior to the departure of the Royal Sovereign from Spithead for the Channel Fleet.

1 Jul 1803 the Ganges came into Portsmouth harbour, to be docked and repaired, meanwhile her men are to be turned over to the Defiance, and the Magnificent.

7 Jul 1803 has unmoored and making preparations to move away from her current mooring.

8 Jul 1803 has gone down to St Helen's as a guard ship.

12 Jul 1803 has been put in quarantine having taken on board a pressed man from the Mediterranean.

31 Jul 1803 departed St Helen's for Plymouth.

17 or 21 Aug 1803 departed Cawsand Bay for the Channel Fleet, with the Spencer, having loaded both vessels with fresh vegetables and live cattle.

Circa 1 Aug 1803 the Defiance has been ordered to complete her complement at Plymouth and to be paid.

8 Oct 1803 letters received from the Conqueror, Capt T Louis, date 29 Sep., off the Black Rock, off Brest, state that the inshore squadron, including the Mars, Capt Sutton ; the Spartiate, Capt Manby ; Defiance, Capt P C Durham ; and the Ardent, Capt Winthrop, are all well and healthy.

Circa 17 Oct 1803 is reported at Portsmouth to have joined Adm Lord Gardner's squadron at Cork.

7 Nov 1803 arrived Cawsand Bay, but the weather being foul had to wait until the next day and for the weather to moderate before sending a boat ashore with the ship's mail. She will be victualled and refitted at her moorings.

21 Nov 1803 the Royal Sovereign, Northumberland, and Defiance have departed Cawsand Bay for off Brest.

4 Jul 1804 the Defiance, Capt Durham, has returned to Spithead, from off Rochefort, where the Temeraire, Goliath, Minotaur, and Aigle remained under Sir R Calder, blockading that port, last from Plymouth.

7 Jul 1804 came into Portsmouth harbour from Spithead.

Circa 4 Aug 1804 the Ville de Paris, Defiance, and Aeolus, are in dock at Portsmouth and will be taken out shortly.

27 Aug 1804 departed Portsmouth harbour for Spithead.

29 Aug 1804 departed Spithead for Plymouth.

Circa 9 Sep 1804 the Ajax, Defiance, Majestic, and Queen are reported at Portsmouth to have departed Plymouth to join the Channel Fleet.

Circa 1 Sep 1804 Lieut Purchase apptd to the Defiance.

12 Dec 1804, at Brixham, it is reported that the Channel Fleet had arrived, including the : Ville de Paris, Prince George, Defiance, Britannia, Windsor Castle, Plantagenet, Goliath, Princess Royal, Thunderer, Courageaux, Dragon, and Warrior, joining the Atlas, Temeraire, and Nemesis, which were here. No officers allowed ashore which caused some disappointment to the trades people.

15 Jul 1805 with the blockading squadron off Ferrol, under Sir Robert Calder : departed 30 to 40 leagues off Finisterre to intercept Franco-Spanish fleet from the West Indies. 22nd sighted each other. Signal made to engage the enemy - the engagement. The damage ; subsequent manoeuvres by the two fleets ; the wash-up ; 26 Jul 1805 movements of the fleet following the battle.

7 Oct 1805 joined the fleet off Cadiz from England.

10 Oct 1805 off Cadiz - the tactical preparations etc. for the forthcoming battle. 20 Oct combined fleet departed Cadiz, fleet manoeuvres.

21 Oct 1805 England expects….. &c. signalled, the first shots of the Battle of Trafalgar are fired. Nelson shot. Resumé of what had taken place. Individual ship actions and losses : Defiance. The post-mortem commences ; Summary of British casualties ; Death of Nelson ;

22-30 Oct 1805 losses amongst the prizes due to bad weather etc: Redoutable, Rayo, Monarca (sank) ; Fougueux, Bucentaure, Indomptable, San-Francisco-de-Asis, Aigle, Berwick (wrecked) ; Algésiras (taken into Cadiz) ; Santa-Ana, Neptuno (recaptured) ; Santisima-Trinidad (scuttled) ; Achille, Intrépide, San-Augustin (burnt) ; the washup ; burial of Nelson ;

25 Oct 1805 Aigle drifted into Cadiz bay despite the best efforts of the Defiance.

23 Feb 1809 Amethyst observes M. Willaumez's French squadron abreast of the Tour de Baleine and signalled Rear-admiral Stopford's squadron, consisting of the Cæsar, Defiance, and Donegal, who went in chase of the French, and watched them entering Basque road on the 24th and despatched the frigate Naïad to inform Lord Gambia.

24 Feb 1809 Naïad observed 3 suspicious sail coming down from the northward and signalled Rear-admiral Stopford's squadron accordingly : leaving the Amethyst and Emerald to watch Basque road, the squadron departed in search of the approaching vessels.

24 Feb 1809 Amelia and Dotterel in chase of a French frigate squadron, who on sighting Rear-admiral Stopford's squadron steered for the Sable d'Olonne where they came to anchor. Following a heavy bombardment the French ships were driven on shore and were subsequently wrecked.

24 Feb 1809 later that day Rear-admiral Stopford's squadron returned to his station off the Chasseron lighthouse, and observed the squadron of M. Willaumez at anchor in Basque roads, and was joined on the 25th by Captain Beresford and his three ships, with his force thus augmented to seven sail of the line and five frigates, resumed the blockade of the port, with the Hero joining shortly afterwards.

7 Mar 1809 Rear-admiral Stopford's squadron was relieved by Admiral Lord Gambier, making 13 sail of the line, until the Defiance and Triumph parted company.

Portsmouth 21 Jan 1811 arrived from the Downs.

Harwich 22 Apr 1811 Remains in Hoseley Bay.

Deal 31 Jul 1811 departed for off Flushing.

Deal 16 Oct 1811 Is off the North Foreland, and expected to arrive in the Downs this evening.

Deal 5 Nov 1811 Remains in the Downs, due to adverse winds.

Deal 23 Nov 1811 departed for Portsmouth.

Deal 25 Mar 1812 started for the Texel, but remained due to contrary winds.

Deal 7 Sep 1813 departed to the Nore.

1813 Hulked, as a Prison Ship.