HMS Revolutionaire

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Revolutionaire / Revolutionnaire, 1794
Type: 5th rate ; Armament 38 long guns + 8 x 32-pdr carronades (1796)
Taken in 1794 from the French, by the Artois, Arethusa, Diamond, and Galatea, off Brest ;
Disposal date or year : 1822
BM: 1148 tons
Complement : 287
Notes:

12 Jun 1795 the Channel Fleet, under Lord Bridport, including the Revolutionaire, departed from Spithead for Quiberon bay. 22 Jun sighted the French fleet to west of Belle-Isle, and finding the French admiral had no wish for a fight, ordered the Fleet in chase and to engage as ships came up. During the chase the former British 74, Alexander was retaken, along with the French 74s Tigre and Formidable (subsequently renamed Belleisle). And so ended the Battle of the Isle de Groix.

20 Sep 1795 Lord Bridport remained with his fleet off the coast protecting the ill-conceived Quiberon Bay expeditions until 20 Sep, when he returned with 2 or 3 ships to Spithead, leaving Rear-admiral Harvey in command.

13 Apr 1796 capture of the French frigate Unité by the Révolutionnaire, Captain Francis Cole, while cruising off Ushant, and forming a part of a squadron composed of the frigates Indefatigable, Argo, Amazon, and Concorde.

Dec 1796 Cruising with a small squadron of frigates off Brest, reporting the movements of the French fleet to the admiral of the British fleet, then cruising some distance of the Ushant [Captain Francis Cole].

15 Dec 1796 Cruising off Brest. 16th despatched to the admiral to the westward of Ushant to report the departure of the French fleet from Brest, en route for Ireland.

30 May 1797 arrive in the Downs from Spithead - the after effects of the Mutiny at Spithead rumble on - see p. 524-> www.naval-review.org/issues/1927-3.pdf.

7 Jun 1797 at Cuxhaven ? - see p. 526->.

14 Jun 1797 off Harwich - see p. 526->.

15 Oct 1798 chase of the Sémillante by the Révolutionnaire.

1 Jan 1799 Capt. T. Twysden. One of Sir E. Pellew's Squadron.

16 Jan 1799 Plymouth, arrived from Ireland.

27 Mar 1799 Plymouth, remains in the Sound.

31 Mar 1799 Plymouth, departed on a cruise.

30 May 1799 captured the French privateer Victoire, 16 nine-pounders, and 160 men ; out nine days from Bayonne, fitted for a three months cruize, after a chase of eight hours.

2 Jun 1799 captured the French privateer Hyppolite coast of Ire1and.

29 Jun 1799 captured the French privateer Déterminé off Ireland.

11 Oct 1799 captured the French privateer Bordelais, which was subsequently added to the British navy.

11 Oct 1799 Révolutionnaire and Phoebe captured the French privateer Grand Ferrailleur, 16 guns, 121 men, in lat. 48° N., long. 24° W., 16 days from Bourdeaux, and had not taken anything.

15 Oct 1799 at Cove, Ireland.

23 Oct 1799 Plymouth, came in from a cruise, with the French privateer Bourdelais.

26 Dec 1799 Plymouth, hard frost, went into the Sound, the Revolutionaire, and Amelia.

4 Mar 1800 captured the French privateer Le Coureur, 14 guns, 158 men, which last month captured his Majesty's ship Princess Royal, for Tortola, but whose Captain, and greater part of the crew, are retaken in the privateer.

12 Mar 1800 the French privateer Le Coureur arrived at Cork.

25 Apr 1800 Plymouth, a letter from an Officer of the Dryad frigate, 36, dated Milford Haven, the 20th inst., states, that she and the Revolutionaire, 44, had arrived there in great distress, after a most fatiguing and perilous cruise. The Dryad departed from Cork to gain her cruising ground the 2d instant, but was baffled by continual hurricanes, which carried away her fore yard, and damaged the rigging much. She was on the point of returning when she fell in with La Revolutionaire in the greatest distress, having lost her rudder, and received other damage. The Dryad stuck by her, and gave her every assistance till the 13th, when both were close in with Cork, and would have anchored in an hour. Misfortune still attended them, as it blew an hard gale off shore, and obliged them to bear away for Plymouth. The 14th the wind headed them, and they could not weather Scilly or fetch Cork. They then were obliged to drift, under storm stay sails, up St George's Channel. On the morning of the 16th they found themselves close in with the rocks off Waterford. The Revolutionaire having lost her rudder, could neither wear or stay ; she made signals of distress, when the Dryad got out, and passed on board her, a stream cable, and tried to tow her off the land ; when the cable unfortunately parted, and nearly killed eleven seamen. The Dryad then bore away and supposed the Revolutionaire was wrecked; but contrary to their expectation on board the Dryad, through the interposition of Divine Providence, and the uncommon exertions of the officers and crew, the wind shifting, the Revolutionaire hauled off shore, and both ships arrived in safety at Milford Haven the 19th instant, after experiencing one of the most tempestuous cruises the older seaman on board both ships ever saw."

6 May 1800 arrived Plymouth, from Milford Haven, to repair.

28 Jun 1800 went into Plymouth Sound, from Hamoaze.

25 Oct 1800 arrived Plymouth, with the Sirius, from off Ushant ; last from the squadron off the Black Rocks.

15 Jan 1801 went into Plymouth Sound.

22 Jan 1801 departed Plymouth Sound on a cruise.

16 Feb 1801 early this morning captured the French brig privateer Moucheron, of Bourdeaux, 16 guns, twelve and six-pounders, and 130 men, in lat. 48 lon,. 19 min,. out twenty days from Passage, but had only made one capture, the William brig of London, from Saint Michael's, loaded with fruit.

22 Feb 1801 the French privateer Moucheron arrived Cove (Cork), which was described as a beautifully fast sailing, copper bottomed vessel.

11 Mar 1801 arrived Plymouth Sound La Revolutionaire, from Centa, with her prize, a beautiful French corvette La Moucheron, of 18 guns and 160 men, captured in the Bay.

25 Mar 1801 in Plymouth Sound ; is appointed, as soon as the wind changes, to convoy a valuable large armed ordnance transport for Cork, there to wait for orders.

27 Mar 1801 remains in Plymouth Sound.

31 Mar 1801 departed Plymouth Sound for Ireland, with a convoy, including a valuable ordnance transport.

29 Apr 1801 arrived Cork the Marine, of Glasgow, for New York, taken by the French privateer Braave, and retaken by the Revolutionaire, which is said to have been tasked with chasing down the Braave.

4 May 1801 arrived Cork from a month's cruise during which she recaptured the Marine, laden with coals and dry goods for New York, and the ship Nimble, of Liverpool, from Demerara, bound for Liverpool, with coffee, cotton and sugar, both taken by the French privateer Braave. Also captured a valuable Swedish ship, from Cayenne, laden with coffee, annatto &c., and a Danish ship from Carolina, for Hamburgh : had intelligence of the Braave but was unable to get sight of her.

19 Jun 1801 letters received at Plymouth from the Revolutionaire, dated the 6th instant, off the Cove of Cork, state her being then under weigh with another frigate, and the outward-bound West India fleet. She was to convoy them as far as the Madeiras, and then cruise off the West Islands for six weeks.

9 Aug 1801 arrived Falmouth the Revolutionaire, Capt Twysden, from Cork, bound for Portsmouth with 8 troop transports with troops belonging to the Prince of Orange, under convoy.

20 Aug 1801 arrived Plymouth Sound from Cork with victuallers, last from Portsmouth.

27 Aug 1801 went into Cawsand Bay, the Donnegal, and a part of the Revolutionaire's crew are turned over to her.

1 Oct 1801 went into Plymouth Sound.

4 Oct 1801 departed Plymouth Sound for the Irish Channel.

6 Oct 1801 it is reported that the day following his departure from Plymouth Capt Twysden was found dead in his cabin. The ship returned to Plymouth and Captain Murray, formerly of the Jason now has the command, and the vessel has been sent to the Mediterranean with urgent dispatches.

19 Oct 1801 was reported to be in the Tagus, at Lisbon, when the Falmouth packet Prince Adolphus called there, on this date.

23 Dec 1801 arrived from Lisbon, and put in quarantine at the Motherbank.

4 Jan 1802 due to be released from quarantine and moved to an anchorage / mooring at Spithead ?

29 Mar 1802 departed Spithead for Marcou.

1 Apr 1802 arrived Spithead from Marcou.

16 Apr 1802 departed Spithead the Revolutionaire, 44, with the marines who were discharged from the Princess Royal, for Plymouth.

20 Apr 1802 arrived Plymouth Sound from a cruise.

17 May 1802 arrived Spithead the Revolutionaire frigate, Hon. Captain Murray, from Ireland.

20 May 1802 departed Plymouth with discharged Irish seamen, for Dublin, Belfast, and Londonderry.

Circa 25 May 1802 Hon. Captain Capel to the Revolutionaire.

21 Jul 1802 departed Spithead the Diamond, Captain Elphinstone ; Revolutionaire, Hon. Captain Capel ; Magicienne, Captain Vansittart ; Pomone, Captain Gower ; Alcmene, Captain Stiles ; and Alarm frigate, Captain Parker ; Sophie, Captain Rosenhagen, and the Racoon, sloops of war, Captain Rathborne, for Lymington and Jersey, to convey the Dutch troops from those places for the Texel.

27 Aug 1802 passed through Spithead from Lymington, the Pomone, 44, Captain Gower ; Magicienne, Captain Vansittart ; and Alarm, Captain Parker, with Dutch troops for the Texel.

30 Aug 1802 sailed through the Downs for the Texel with Dutch troops from Lymington.

5 Sep 1802 arrived in the Downs from Helvoetsluys.

7 Sep 1802 departed the Downs for the Westward.

Circa 22 Sep 1802 Captain Lock is appointed to the Revolutionaire frigate, vice Capel.

25 Oct 1802 arrived Spithead the Pomone, 44, Captain Gower, and La Revolutionaire, 44, Captain Locke, from Jersey. The Pomone had her back broke, in consequence of her striking on a rock, in beating into Jersey in the night. She is come into harbour, and will most probably be broke up.

4 Nov 1802 passed through the Downs for Sheerness.

7 Nov 1802 passed through the Downs from Sheerness to Plymouth.

9 Nov 1802 came into Plymouth Sound with the remainder of the 9th regiment of foot, the Alcmene, 36, and Revolutionaire, 44, from Sheerness : they had so fine a wind, that those frigates had only a passage of 32 hours to anchor in the Sound.

17 Nov 1802 departed Plymouth with the frigate Hussar with 300+ officers and marines to provide security in the Chatham Dockyard.

13 Mar 1803 arrived Plymouth Sound from the Westwards with seamen for the ships fitting, and was moved up to Hamoaze.

13 Mar 1803 has been moved into the Barn Pool.

5 Jun 1803 departed Plymouth with dispatches, the Revolutionaire, Capt Lock, for Gibraltar.

5 Aug 1803 arrived Spithead from Gibraltar, with her prize, the Hirondelle, from the Isle de France, a former East Indian packet. 3 other prizes she left at Gibraltar.

11 Aug 1803 departed Spithead on a cruise.

Circa 20 Aug 1803 Capt R Hall apptd to the Revolutionaire, in command, vice Lock, pro tempore.

21 Aug 1803 departed Spithead, the Revolutionaire, Capt Hall, with the Tillycherry transport, with the 25th Regt., for Cork.

3 Sep 1803 arrived Spithead with a convoy from Cork.

Circa 8 Sep 1803 Capt Lock has resumed command of the Revolutionaire, vice Hall.

8 Sep 1803 departed Spithead, the Revolutionaire, Capt Lock, for Guernsey.

16 Sep 1803 arrived Spithead from Guernsey.

28 Sep 1803 the Revolutionaire, Capt Lock, departed Spithead, with the store ship Camel, Capt Ayscough, with a convoy for the West Indies. Commissioners Sterling and Lane went passenger in the Camel, for Jamaica and Antigua.

21 Dec 1803 the Revolutionaire, and Camel were reported to have arrived Barbadoes with their convoy from Portsmouth.

23 Dec 1803 departed for Barbadoes for Jamaica.

2 Feb 1804 arrived Spithead the Revolutionaire, Capt Lock, from Jamaica.

18 Feb 1804 came into Portsmouth harbour the Revolutionaire.

Circa 4 Feb 1804 Mr Vance, who came home surgeon of the Revolutionaire apptd Surgeon of the Royal Naval Hospital at Barbadoes.

Circa 27 Feb 1804 a coroner's inquest on the body of Marine W Clark, who fell overboard from the Revolutionaire, and was drowned : verdict : accidental death.

Circa 31 Mar 1804 has been ordered to pay off at Portsmouth.

Circa 9 Apr 1804 Capt W Hotham, apptd to the Revolutionaire, vice Lock, at Portsmouth.

21 Apr 1804 departed Portsmouth harbour for Spithead.

Circa 28 Apr 1804 is to be fitted to take the Duke of Sussex from Lisbon to the Mediterranean.

Circa 12 May 1804 has dropped down to St Helen's.

30 May 1804 departed Spithead for Cork.

14 Aug 1804 arrived Spithead from Lisbon.

Circa 25 Aug 1804 the Revolutionaire, Capt Hotham, has been apptd to take the next East Indies convoy, now gathering at the Motherbank, to a certain latitude. The vessels mentioned include the Travers and Union, for St Helen and Bengal ; Indus for Madras ; Lord Keith, and Ocean, for Madras and Bengal ; Devaynes, for Madeira, Bombay and Madras ; Huddart, and Harriet, for Madeira, Madras, and Bengal ; and the Skelton Castle, for Madeira and Bombay.

Circa 1 Sep 1804 the Revolutionaire, along with her convoy of East Indiamen is to drop down to St Helen's tomorrow, preparatory to sailing.

4 Sep 1804 departed St Helen's for Halifax with the following vessels : the Travers and Union, for St Helen and Bengal ; Indus for Madras ; Lord Keith, and Ocean, for Madras and Bengal ; Devaynes, for Madeira, Bombay and Madras ; Huddart, and Harriet, for Madeira, Madras, and Bengal ; and the Skelton Castle, for Madeira and Bombay, also with the Aurora, Seringapatam and Leviathan, for the South Seas, accompany the Revolutionaire to a certain latitude. Capt Beresford went as a passenger, to take command of the Cambrian.

May 1805 Plymouth Sound.

3 Nov 1805 joined the chase of the Rochefort squadron. 3-4 Nov 4th, the frigates harass the French rear. The action. the French haul down their colours. Casualties. The frigates role in the action. the prizes taken to Plymouth and added to the Service. The honours, awards and promotions.

Plymouth 4 Aug 1806 departed for Portsmouth.

Portsmouth 4 Aug 1806 arrived from Plymouth.

Plymouth 24 Dec 1812 Came down the harbour, and anchored in the Sound, after having been refitted.

Plymouth 9 Jan 1813 departed with a convoy for Portsmouth.

Falmouth 7 May 1813 Spoke with the Duke of Montrose packet on the 5th in lat 48.32 long. 7. 28, from off the Western Isles, bound to Plymouth.

Plymouth 11 May 1813 Has recaptured and sent in an American schooner from New York, for Lisbon, captured by a French privateer.

Portsmouth 6 Jun 1813 departed to join the squadron off Ushant.

May - Aug 1813 the frigates Revolutionnaire and Présidente, brig sloops Beagle, Despatch, and Challenger ; and schooners Holly and Juniper, and two gun-boats, stationed off the north coast of Spain to assist the patriots.

25 Jul 1813 captured a U.S. privateer, the 11 gun schooner Matilda.

Plymouth 31 Jul 1813 sent in the American privateer Matilda.

Plymouth 30 Sep 1813 departed on a cruise off Bourdeaux.

Trincomalee 20 Mar 1816 Reported to be at Bombay, repairing.

Trincomalee 23 May 1816 departed.

Simon's Bay 21 Aug 1816 Remained.

Cape of Good Hope 21 Sep 1816 departed.

St Helena 13 Oct 1816 departed.

Ascension 18 Oct 1816 departed.

Plymouth 29 Nov 1816 arrived from the Trincomalee, via Simon's Bay where she was driven on shore in a violent gale and had to be hove down and repaired.

Portsmouth 25 Jan 1819 arrived in a gale from Plymouth.

Malta 21 Jun 1819 Reported to be on the Smyrna station.

18 May 1821 captured two piratical gun-boats ; an account of the bounty-money received for the crews will be delivered to the High Court of Admiralty, on 28 Jan 1834, due for payment 4 Feb 1834.

23 Oct 1821 reported to be at Corfu, with the Rochfort, when the Racehorse departed Smyrna for England.

27 Nov 1821 Is in commission and based in the Mediterranean.