HMS Spartiate

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Spartiate, 1798
Type: sheer hulk [1842] ; late 3rd rate ; Armament 74
Taken : 1 Aug 1798 ; Disposal date or year : 1857
BM: 1949 tons
Dimensions : Length of lower deck 182 ft. 7 in. Breadth extreme 49 ft. 4½ in. . Depth of hold 21 ft. 7 in.
Notes:

14 Aug 1798 the Orion, Bellerophon, Minotaur, Defence, Audacious, Theseus, and Majestic, accompanied by the prizes Franklin, Tonnant, Aquilon, Conquérant, Peuple-Souverain and Spartiate leave Aboukir Bay.

Mid Sep 1798 arrive Gibraltar with prizes and after making repairs sail for England.

The Spartiate, was built at Toulon and due to the superior durability of Adriatic oak, her value became greatly enhanced. She was launched at the commencement of the year (1798) in which she was captured.

13 Jul 1799 Plymouth, arrived this morning from off the Rock of Lisbon, the Royal Sovereign, Caesar, Russell, with five of Lord Nelson's prizes, viz. La Tonant, Canopus, Spartiate, Aboukir, and Conquerant.

17 Jul 1799 Plymouth, passed up the harbour this morning, the Mars, with the Tonnant, Canopus, Spartiate, Aboukir, and Conquerant, French prizes, with bands playing and cheers from the spectators, and each ship returning the cheers as she passed.

Circa Feb 1800 The Spartiate, of 74 guns, a beautiful new ship taken at the battle of the Nile, is commissioned, and the command given to Lord W. Stuart.

30 Jul 1801 hauled alongside the Jetty Head at Plymouth, previous to going into dock.

1 Aug 1801 went into dock at Plymouth this afternoon.

13 Nov 1801 the Spartiate, now in dock at Plymouth, is nearly repaired, and is, without exception, the finest man of war ever seen ; she has sixteen parts of a side, on her upper and lower gun decks, and can altogether fight 88 guns.

31 Dec 1801 went out of dock, and up the harbour to the higher moorings in the Tamar, to be laid up in ordinary, having received a complete repair.

11 Mar 1803 in view of the apparent unravelling of the Peace of Amiens and the reintroduction of Impressment the Admiralty order the following ships of the line to be commissioned at Plymouth : Mars, Malta, Tonant, Conqueror, and Spartiate.

12 Mar 1803 a bit of confusion here firstly Capt G Murray was apptd to the Spartiate, and the next day Capt Buller was apptd. Lets wait and see who ends up in command ?

23 Mar 1803 has got all he lower rigging over head, and top-masts up.

31 Mar 1803 remains in Hamoaze fitting for sea.

7 Apr 1803 warped down the harbour to the lower moorings preparatory to going into Cawsand Bay.

23 Apr 1803 dropped down from Hamoaze to Cawsand Bay, the Spartiate, Capt Murray.

16 May 1803 Adm Cornwallis sailed on Monday from Torbay, with a squadron consisting of the following ships : Dreadnought, 98, Hon Adm Cornwallis, First Capt Murray, Second Capt Brace ; Neptune, 98, Capt Drury ; Albion, 74, Capt Ferrier ; Minotaur, 74, Capt Louis ; Ardent, 64, Capt Winthorp ; Culloden, 74, R.-Adm Campbell, Capt Lane ; Venerable, 74, Capt Searle ; Sceptre, 74, Capt Dickson ; Thunderer, 74, Capt Bedford ; and Russel, 74, Capt Williams. The Tonant, Malta, Spartiate, Plantagenet, Mars and Conqueror, lying in Cawsand Bay are nearly ready for sea, and want but few men to complete their complement.

1 Jun 1803 departed Plymouth to join the Channel Fleet.

18 Jun 1803 the Dryad arrived Spithead from the fleet, the Culloden, Russell, and Doris forming the inshore squadron at present, whilst the Tonnant, Spartiate, and Mars were cruising off Rochefort.

12 Sep 1803 arrived Cawsand Bay from the Channel Fleet.

13 Sep 1803 came into Hamoaze to refit.

25 Sep 1803 departed Plymouth the Spartiate, Capt Manley, with vegetables and live cattle.

8 Oct 1803 letters received from the Conqueror, Capt T Louis, date 29 Sep., off the Black Rock, off Brest, state that the inshore squadron, including the Mars, Capt Sutton ; the Spartiate, Capt Manby ; Defiance, Capt P C Durham ; and the Ardent, Capt Winthrop, are all well and healthy.

2 Nov 1803 a letter dated 20 Oct 1803, received at Plymouth, from off Ferrol reports that the squadron under the command of Commodore Sir E Pellew, is all well, and is made up of the Tonant, Cdre Pellew ; Impeteux, Capt T B Martin ; Colossus, Capt G Martin ; Spartiate, Capt Manley ; Dragon, Capt Griffith, all ships of the line ; and the frigate Sirius, Capt Prowse.

9 Nov 1803 arrived Plymnouth a French brig, prize to the Spartiate, having departed the squadron off Corruna and Ferrol, all well, some 12 days ago.

Circa 28 Apr 1804 Capt Sir F Faforey, apptd to the Spartiate.

May 1805 with Rear Admiral Cochrane.

15 May 1805 Nelson and his fleet arrived Madeira : and Barbadoes 4 Jun with news that the French fleet was in the West Indies : was joined by the Spartiate : 13th arrived Antigua and departed for Europe.

17 Jul 1805 arrived off Cape St.-Vincent and departed for Gibraltar, and having watered etc. proceeded west and north. 15 Aug received news from Adm. Cornwallis off Ushant, before Victory and Superb departed for Spithead, arriving on the 18th, leaving the Spartiate as a reinforcement to the Channel fleet.

10 Oct 1805 off Cadiz - the tactical preparations etc. for the forthcoming battle. 20 Oct combined fleet departed Cadiz, fleet manoeuvres.

21 Oct 1805 England expects….. &c. signalled, the first shots of the Battle of Trafalgar are fired. Nelson shot. Resumé of what had taken place. Individual ship actions and losses : Spartiate. The post-mortem commences ; Summary of British casualties ; Death of Nelson ;

22-30 Oct 1805 losses amongst the prizes due to bad weather etc: Redoutable, Rayo, Monarca (sank) ; Fougueux, Bucentaure, Indomptable, San-Francisco-de-Asis, Aigle, Berwick (wrecked) ; Algésiras (taken into Cadiz) ; Santa-Ana, Neptuno (recaptured) ; Santisima-Trinidad (scuttled) ; Achille, Intrépide, San-Augustin (burnt) ; the washup ; burial of Nelson ;

Plymouth 4 Aug 1806 departed for the Channel Fleet.

Circa 1 Feb 1808 having, due to bad weather, been unable to maintain a watch off Rochefort, R.-adm. Strachan's squadron, on being informed of the escape of the French squadron, probably bound to the Mediterranean, departed in pursuit.

Circa 4 Feb 1808 off Ferrol, spoke Sir R King's squadron ; on the 9th was off Cadiz, passed the Rock on the following day, and joined V.-adm. E. Thornborough's squadron in Palermo bay on the 21st.

2 Mar 1808 joined Lord Collingwood's squadron off the island of Maritimo. 6 Mar received news that the French fleet had been at sea for a month and departed in search, which continued for a week or two after the French fleet had returned to Toulon on 10 Apr. Leaving Vice-admiral Thornborough with a sufficient force to blockade Toulon, Lord Collingwood departed for Gibraltar and Cadiz, to contribute his aid to the cause of the Spanish patriots.

24 Jun 1809 Canopus, Spartiate and Warrior anchored to the northward of the islands of Ischia and Procida, in readiness to make an attack upon them.

Portsmouth 2 Sep 1813 departed for Chatham and with a convoy for the river.

Lisbon 19 Nov 1825 departed for Portsmouth

Portsmouth 30 Nov 1825 arrived at Spithead from Rio Janeiro, with the officers and crew of the Wellesley. Being very leaky two pumps were kept constantly going.

3 Dec 1825 Was towed into Portsmouth harbour this afternoon by the Lightning, the wind being foul.

16 Jan 1826 in the Portsmouth harbour.

13 Jun 1826 seizure of spirits. The sum of £12 8s. paid over to the Treasury 13 Jun 1826.

25 Nov 1826 in the Portsmouth harbour.

18 Dec 1826 went out of harbour to Spithead.

20 Dec 1826 is expected to depart Portsmouth on Monday.

6 Jan 1827 at Lisbon.

3 Jul 1827 has been provisioned at Lisbon for ten months.

2 Sep 1827 in the Tagus.

20 Nov 1827 in the Tagus with lower yards and topmasts struck due to the inclement weather.

5 Apr 1828 remains at Lisbon looking after British interests.

6 Sep 1828 in the Portsmouth harbour.

6 Oct 1828 went out to Spithead and awaits a fair wind to proceed to Plymouth.

30 Nov 1828 Refitting at Valletta.

27 Jan 1829 Was reported to be departing Valletta for Naples on the 29th inst.

16 Apr 1829 departed Valletta for Syracuse.

21 Apr 1829 arrived Syracuse.

28 Apr 1829 departed Syracuse for Malta.

16 Nov 1829 refitting at Valletta.

15 Nov 1829 in harbour at Valletta.

18 Nov 1829 refitting in Valletta.

28 Jan 1830 is reported to be preparing for her return to England.

6 Feb 1830 at Valletta.

24 Mar 1830 arrived Portsmouth from Malta.

23 Jun 1831 in Portsmouth Harbour.

23 Jul 1831 in Portsmouth Harbour.

16 Sep 1831 in Portsmouth Harbour.

30 Sep 1831 The flag of Admiral Sir Thomas Foley, Commander-in-Chief of the Portsmouth station, has been removed from the Spartiate to the Victory.

1 Nov 1831 prize money due for the capture of the slave ship Voadora on 18 Apr 1828, due to be paid.

1 Nov 1831 prize money due following the seizure of spirits 13 Jun 1826. The sum of £12 8s. paid over to the Treasurer of the Navy.

21 Jul 1832 the Nelson, along with the Hibernia, Bellerophon, Edinburgh, Benbow, Spartiate, Pembroke, President, Naiad, Amphitrite, and Trincomalee, it is noted, in the Hampshire Telegraph, were brought forward to be commissioned last summer, at considerable expense, and except for the Spartiate, Edinburgh, and President, and are now to be put back into Ordinary, also at some expense.

3 Oct 1832 has been brought alongside the dockyard at Portsmouth, with a view to being taken into dock on Monday next, to be used in the forthcoming blockade of Holland before being sent out to the South American station next year.

10 Oct 1832 has been commissioned and is ordered to be manned with all expedition, with rendezvous being opened in London and Plymouth. However, at the same time as this recruiting was going on, and vessels in commission were ordered to maintain full complements, the Admiralty was asking for volunteers for the Coast Guard from the best seamen serving on board HM Ships, this at a time when several ships of the line etc. were being commissioned to confront the then current Holland / Belgium problem.

13 Oct 1832 has embarked her Royal Marine detachment of 125 men.

15 Oct 1832 the Conway has been ordered back into Portsmouth harbour to assist with the fitting out of the Spartiate.

22 Oct 1832 taken into the basin to be rigged, having taken in her masts. It is reported that the crews of the Castor and Volage are also being employed on board, in order to expedite the fitting of her equipment.

1 Nov 1832 the Donegal and Spartiate are reported to be still short of hands.

End of 1832, a part of a squadron of vessels involved in the blockade of the ports of Holland, which was defying the great Powers with regard to the Belgian question. See p. 270-1 at www.archive.org/details/royalnavyhistory06clow.

7 Nov 1832 gone out to Spithead.

15 Nov 1832 departed Spithead with the Revenge to join the combined squadron in the Downs.

19 Nov 1832 Remains at Deal.

4 Jan 1833 arrived Portsmouth from the Downs and to be prepared for service in South America.

12 Jan 1833 at Spithead preparing for her passage to South America.

26 Jan 1833 departs Spithead in a few days for South America.

2 Feb 1833 at Spithead.

13 Feb 1833 put in to Torbay, usually due to bad weather or the prevailing wind preventing further progress to the west.

17 Feb 1833 arrived Plymouth from Portsmouth, for the Brazils.

9 Mar 1833 arrived Madeira and departed on the 11th for the Brazils.

16 Apr 1833 remained at Rio de Janeiro flying the flag of Rear Admiral Michael Seymour on the departure of the Challenger for England.

. 5 Jul 1833 Rio de Janeiro.

23 Sep 1833 departed Rio Janeiro on a two week cruise.

1 Jan 1834 On the South America Station.

10 Sep 1835 was paid off into ordinary at Plymouth on Tuesday.

6 Aug 1842 taken out of dock at Plymouth and to be fitted as a sheer hulk pro tem, replacing the Sans Pareil, now ordered to be broken up.

20 Dec 1848 Devonport.