Dreadful hurricane


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Naval History of Great Britain - Vol I


Colonial Expeditions - West Indies


and, if there was a "committee of public safety" in the island, met, without doubt, a similar fate to that which had befallen many thousands of their royalist brethren in Europe. Soon after the unfortunate issue of this expedition, Rear-admiral Gardner sailed for England, and the Ferme and Calypso joined the Spaniards at the island of Trinidad.

Previously to our quitting the Windward Islands, we must not omit to mention that on the 12th and 13th of August a dreadful hurricane raged there; that the islands of St.-Eustatia, St.-Christopher, and St.-Thomas, experienced the utmost of its violence ; and that; besides the numerous plantations laid waste, several vessels and lives were lost, both at sea and on the different coasts.

The British naval commander-in-chief at Jamaica, when the war broke out, was Commodore John Ford, having his broad pendant flying on board the 50-gun ship Europa, Captain George Gregory, which ship, along with a few 12-pounder frigates, and some smaller vessels, composed the whole British force on this station. The troubles of St.-Domingo soon gave occasion for its employment. A Monsieur Charmilly, last from England, had succeeded in persuading his countrymen at Jérémie, in that fine island, to throw themselves upon British protection. Accordingly, M. Charmilly himself was deputed by the inhabitants of Grande-Anse, including the quarter at Jérémie, to carry to Major-general Williamson, the lieutenant-governor of Jamaica, the terms on which they were willing to capitulate. Among the articles, the whole of which were liberal, and many highly advantageous to the British, was one, that the mulattoes should have all the privileges enjoyed by that class of inhabitants in the British islands.

After the terms had been agreed to, and just as the expedition that was to see them enforced was on the eve of sailing, arrived a Major Carles, a French officer belonging to the town of Cape-Nicolas-Mole ; and who, having been captured and carried into Nassau by a New-Providence privateer, had represented to Lord Dunmore, the governor, that the inhabitants of the Mole, if a certain number of troops could be landed for their support, would also surrender themselves to the arms of Great Britain. This representation had induced his lordship to send the major down to Jamaica; and the plan was considered by the governor and council as feasible.

With this double object in view, on the 9th of September, the British 50-gun ship Europa, Commodore Ford, and some of the smaller vessels on the station, took on board, at Port-Royal, along with Monsieur Charmilly and Major Carles, a detachment of British troops, composed of the 13th regiment, the flank companies of the 49th regiment, and a proportion of royal artillery, under the command of Lieutenant-colonel Whitelock, of the 13th ; and the whole arrived, on the 19th of September,

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