1794 - Lord Howe on the 1st of June


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Naval History of Great Britain - Vol I


Lord Howe on the 1st of June


second and an acting lieutenant (Richard Dawes and George Aimes), one midshipman (Mr. Kinneer), and 37 seamen and marines or soldiers wounded.

Of the remaining seven ships of the British line, two only require to have any account given of their proceedings ; with respect to the rest, it will suffice to show what loss they each, sustained. That of the Ramillies has already been stated. The Alfred had six seamen and two marines or soldiers wounded, but none killed ; the Montagu, her captain, in the early part of the action, and three seamen killed, and two midshipmen (Hon. Mr. Bennett and John Moore), and 11 seamen wounded ; the Majestic, two seamen killed, and five wounded ; and the Thunderer, no killed nor wounded : a circumstance not difficult to be accounted for, if the following minute, which appears in the log-book of the Royal-Sovereign, is correct : "11 h. 40 m., observed a ship lying a considerable distance to windward, which we supposed to be the Thunderer ; threw out her pendant, the signal for chase and close action being flying."

The proceedings of the Royal-George and Glory are all that remain to be detailed. At 9 h. 38 m. a.m. the Royal-George, in bearing down, opened her fire chiefly upon the Sans-Pareil and Républicain, and in a short time passed through the French line between those ships, in hot action with both. It may here be remarked, that three French ships, the Entreprenant, Pelletier, and Neptune, intervene between the Républicain, the present opponent of the Royal-George, and the Queen's brave antagonist, the Jemmappes. Two of the above three ships (for the Neptune, during a while, was smartly engaged by the Montage), if they found opponents at all, suffered little or nothing from them ; and, that the Ramillies and Alfred, their natural opponents in the British line, escaped with about equal impunity, has already been shown. At all events, two of the slowest sailing ships in the British rear, if not in the British line, had the honour of checking the way of the three rearmost French ships, and, as we shall presently show, of reducing two of them at least to so disabled a state, that, instead of one only, as was the case, both ships ought to have been secured by the four or five fresh ships belonging to the British at this extremity of their line.

From her indifferent sailing, the Glory had been a long time in getting down, but at length cut through the French line astern of the Scipion, and, engaging the latter close to leeward, soon brought down by the board all three of her masts ; losing, by the return fire of the Scipion, her fore topmast and main and mizen topgallantmasts. Ranging ahead, the Glory found herself opposed to the Sans-Pareil ; whose fore and mizen masts had just fallen under the heavy fire of the Royal-George. The Républicain, now came in for her share of the united fire of the two British three-deckers ; one of which ahead, and the other astern, raked

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