1805 - Abstract


 
Contents

Abstract of Vessel Numbers
  • 1800
  • 1801
  • 1802
  • 1803
  • 1804
  • 1805
  • 1806
  • 1807
  • 1808
  • 1809
  • 1810
  • 1811
  • 1812
  • 1813
  • 1814
  • 1815
  • 1816
  • 1817
  • 1818
  • 1819
  •  
    Naval History of Great Britain
     
     
     
    ABSTRACT No 13 - of the ships and vessels belonging to the British Navy at the commencement of the year 1805           Increase and Decrease in the Classes since the date of the last year's Abstract
    Letters of Reference RATE                     CLASS                          For Sea-service For Harbour-service, &c Building, or ordered to be built GRAND TOTAL Built Purchased Converted from other classes Ordered to be built TOTAL of Increase Captured,Wrecked, foundered &c Converted to other classes, Sold or taken to pieces TOTAL of Decrease
    In commission In ordinary TOTAL No In commission In ordinary No King's yards Merchants yards British vessels or enemy privateers Enemy's national vessels
          No Tons No Tons No Tons Brit built For built No Tons No Tons Brit built For built No Tons No Tons No Tons No Tons No Tons No Tons No Tons No Tons No Tons No Tons No Tons No Tons No Tons
      Three-deckers                                                             0 0             0 0
    A First 120-gun ship, 1 2508     1 2508 1               1 2616 2 5124 1 2508a                     0 0             0 0
    B First 112-gun ship 18-pounder 1 2351     1 2351 1                   1 2351                         0 0             0 0
    C First 112-gun ship 12-pounder 1 2457     1 2457   1 1 2398       1     2 4855                         0 0             0 0
    D First 100-gun ship 18-pounder     1 2286 1 2286 1               1 2289 2 4575                         0 0             0 0
    E First 100-gun ship 12-pounder 3 6428     3 6428 3               2 4304 5 10732                         0 0             0 0
    F Second 98-gun ship 18-pounder large,         0 0                 2 4554 2 4554                         0 0             0 0
    G Second 98-gun ship 18-pounder small, 3 6363     3 6363 3                   3 6363                         0 0             0 0
    H Second 98-gun ship 12-pounder 8 15681 3 5789 11 21470 11                   11 21470                         0 0             0 0
    I Second 90-gun ship         0 0                     0 0                         0 0     1 1814     1 1814
      Two-deckers                                 0 0                         0 0             0 0
    K Third 80-gun ship 4 8865 2 4188 6 13053 2 4 1 1942 2 4385   3     9 19380                         0 0             0 0
    L Third 74-gun ship 24-pounder, 8 15197 2 3865 10 19062 7 3             4 7678 14 26740                         0 0             0 0
    M Third 74-gun ship 18 large, 11 20655 3 5564 14 26219 9 5     3 5641   3     17 31860                 1 1814 b     1 1814             0 0
    N Third 74-gun ship middl 11 19110     11 19110 11   1 1778 2 3420 1 2 15 25958 29 50266     2 3447             10 17364 10 17364             0 0
    0 Third 74-gun ship small, 19 31117 13 21144 32 52261 31 1     12 19279 10 2 1 1674 45 73214                         0 0 2 3281         2 3281
    P Third 64-gun ship 13 18197 9 12468 22 30665 20 2 8 10692 7 9795 5 10     37 51152                 3 4153     3 4153 1 1443     1 1364 2 2807
    Q Fourth 60-gun ship         0 0         2 2511 1 1     2 2511                         0 0             0 0
        Line 83 148929 33 55304 116 204233 100 16 11 16810 28 45031 17 22 26 49073 181 315147 1 2508 2 3447 0 0 0 0 4 5967 10 17364 14 23331 3 4724 1 1814 1 1364 5 7902
    R Fourth 56-gun ship flush,         0 0     1 1426     1       1 1426                                         0 0
    S Fourth 54-gun ship flush, 1 1176     1 1176 1                   1 1176                 1 1176     1 1176             0 0
    T Fourth 50-gun ship quarter-decked 9 9695 1 1061 10 10756 10   1 1063 6 6355 3 4     17 18174                 1 1088     1 1088 1 1046         1 1046
    U Fourth 50-gun ship flush, 2 1823     2 1823 2                   2 1823         2 1823 c             2 1823             0 0
    V Fifth 44-gun ship 1 906 1 892 2 1798 2   1 882     1       3 2680                         0 0             0 0
      One-deckers                                 0 0                         0 0             0 0
    W Fifth 44-gun frigate, 4 5577     4 5577 3 1     2 2727 1 1     6 8304                         0 0             0 0
    X Fifth 40-gun frigate, 24-pounder, 1 1277     1 1277 1                   1 1277                         0 0     1 1183     1 1183
    Y Fifth 40-gun frigate, 18-pounder, 4 4657     4 4657 3 1                 4 4657     1 1172         1 1183     1 1183             0 0
    Z Fifth 38-gun frigate large, 13 14328 2 2157 15 16485 4 11     2 2138   2 7 7626 24 26249 1 1076                     0 0 1 1070         1 1070
    A Fifth 38-gun frigate, small, 10 9996 3 3030 13 13026 10 3     2 1978 1 1 1 991 16 15995                         0 0 1 1043     1 1002 2 2045
    B Fifth 36-gun frigate, 18-pounder, large, 6 6185 3 3115 9 9300 3 6     2 2024   2     11 11324             3 3061     1 991 4 4052             0 0
    C Fifth 36-gun frigate, 18-pounder, small, 14 13011 1 881 15 13892 15   1 926 2 1808 3   4 3605 22 20231                         0 0 1 956         1 956
    D Fifth 36-gun frigate, 12-pounder, 10 9195 4 3741 14 12936 1 13     5 4650   5     19 17586             2 1924 2 1813     4 3737         1 902 1 902
    E Fifth 32-gun frigate, 18-pounder, large, 5 4542     5 4542 5                   5 4542                         0 0             0 0
    F Fifth 32-gun frigate, 18-pounder, small, 6 4733     6 4733 6                   6 4733         2 1515 d             2 1515             0 0
    G Fifth 32-gun frigate, 12-pounder, large, 3 2458     3 2458   3 2 1626 2 1570 2 2     7 5654             2 1615         2 1615             0 0
    H Fifth 32-gun frigate, 12-pounder, small 18 12342 5 3469 23 15811 23   1 683 6 4175 6 1 3 1982 33 22651 4 2656 e             1 718 7 4638 8 5356             0 0
    I Sixth 28-gun frigate 7 4454 3 1776 10 6230 9 1 2 1167 1 594 2 1     13 7991                 2 1280     2 1280             0 0
    K Sixth 24-gun post-ship, quarter-decked, 5 2644     5 2644 4 1     2 1049 1 1     7 3693         1 519 f             1 519             0 0
    L Sixth 24-gun post-ship, flush         0 0                     0 0                         0 0         1 625 1 625
    N Sixth 22-gun post-ship, quarter-decked, 1 598 1 532 2 1130   2                 2 1130                         0 0         1 523 1 523
    0 Sixth 20-gun post-ship, quarter-decked, 3 1305 1 481 4 1786 2 2 1 481 2 940 2 1     7 3207             1 440         1 440         1 498 1 498
    P Sixth 20-gun post-ship, flush 3 1660 1 511 4 2171   4     1 514   1     5 2685                         0 0             0 0
    Q Sloops Arrow & Dart, mounting 28 carronades 2 772     2 772 2                   2 772                         0 0             0 0
    R Sloops 18-gun ship-sloop, quarter-decked 10 4267 1 429 11 4696 11               1 422 12 5118                 1 443     1 443             0 0
    S Sloops 18-gun ship-sloop, flush, 19 7271     19 7271 9 10 1 312       1 2 798 22 8381     4 1710             3 1267 3 1267     1 443 1 462 2 905
    T Sloops 16-gun ship-sloop, quarter-decked, large 14 5207 1 422 15 5629 15   1 425 1 410 2   7 2589 24 9053     7 2576 1 371             1 371             0 0
    U Sloops 16-gun ship-sloop, quarter-decked, small 3 975     3 975 3                   3 975         1 327             1 327             0 0
    V Sloops 16-gun ship-sloop, flush 14 5048     14 5048 12 2                 14 5048         2 783             2 783             0 0
    W Sloops 14-gun ship-sloop, quarter-decked, 2 570     2 570 2       2 604 2       4 1174                         0 0             0 0
    X Sloops 14-gun ship-sloop, flush 13 3788     13 3788 13                   13 3788         8 2383             8 2383 1 200         1 200
    Y Sloops 18-gun brig-sloop, large 20 7644     20 7644 19 1             9 3470 29 11114     13 4998             6 2303 6 2303 1 390         1 390
    Z Sloops 18-gun brig-sloop, small, 7 2264     7 2264 6 1     1 349   1     8 2613                         0 0             0 0
    a Sloops 16-gun brig-sloop 12 3650     12 3650 1 11                 12 3650             1 330         1 330 1 277     1 260 2 537
    b Sloops 14-gun brig-sloop 3 744     3 744 2 1     2 456   2     5 1200                         0 0 3 712         3 712
    d Bombs, of 8 guns and 2 mortars, 17 6148     17 6148 17   1 307 2 653 3       20 7108         1 404             1 404 1 344         1 344
    e Fire-ships, 14 guns 1 243     1 243 1   1 425     1       2 668                         0 0             0 0
    f Gun-brigs 14 guns 8 1626     8 1626 3 5                 8 1626             2 425         2 425             0 0
    g Gun-brigs 12 guns 73 12835     73 12835 73               7 1255 80 14090     41 7317 g 4 652         48 8572 h 52 9224 4 695         4 695
    h Gun-brigs 10 guns 2 321     2 321   2                 2 321                         0 0 1 138         1 138
    i Cutters, &c 14 guns 4 774     4 774 2 2             1 152 5 926                     1 152 1 152             0 0
    k Cutters, &c 12 guns 8 1237     8 1237 3 5 1 123 2 275 3       11 1635         1 158             1 158             0 0
    l Cutters, &c 10 guns 13 1624     13 1624   13             12 1332 25 2956         7 876 1 119     12 1332 20 2327             0 0
    m Cutters, &c 8 guns 1 98     1 98   1                 1 98                         0 0             0 0
    n Cutters, &c 6 guns 2 184     2 184 1 1                 2 184         3 315             3 315 2 212         2 212
    o Cutters, &c 4 guns 16 1232     16 1232 15 1                 16 1232     12 936 3 210             3 210             0 0
          473 330013 61 77801 534 407814 414 120 26 26656 73 78300 51 48 80 73295 713 586065 6 6240 80 22156 36 10336 12 7914 13 13668 88 36619 149 68537 21 11807 3 3440 8 5636 32 20883
    q Troop-ships 14 11665 7 6723 21 18388 15 6 3 2257 14 13953 13 4     38 34598                         0 0 1 904 10 10228     11 11132
    r Store-ships 10 5890 1 907 11 6797 10 1     2 782 2       13 7579         2 575             2 575 1 1249     1 650 2 1899
    w Gun vessels 1 - 4   5 655     5 655 5                   5 655         5 655             5 655         5 329 5 329
    x Advice Boats and Tenders   6 964     6 964 6                   6 964                         0 0             0 0
    y Sloop on Discovery           0 0                     1 0                         0 0     1 334     1 334
    a Hospital, Prison, Receiving ships, &c           0 0     10 13502 15 16255 15 10     25 29757         1 857     1 334     2 1191 1 1264     1 1401 2 2665
    b Yachts,           0 0     6 1089     6   1 199 7 1288 1 278                     0 0             0 0
        TROOP-SHIPS, &c 35 19174 8 7630 43 26804 36 7 19 16848 31 30990 36 14 1 199 95 74841 1 278 0 0 8 2087 0 0 1 334 0 0 9 2421 3 3417 11 10562 7 2380 21 16359
        GRAND TOTAL k 508 349187 69 85431 577 434618 450 127 45 43504 104 109290 87 62 81 73494 808 660906 7 6518 80 22156 44 12423 12 7914 14 14002 88 36619 158 70958 24 15224 14 14002 15 8016 53 37242

    Note to Abstract No. 13.

    a The Hibernia ; ordered in 1790, and intended to be of the same tonnage as the Ville-de-Paris, but afterwards lengthened eleven feet. Began building November, 1792 ; launched November 17, 1804.

    b The Namur ; reduced from a 90 to a 74 gun-ship, under the direction of Mr. Robert Seppings, the master-builder at Chatham. It having occurred to the philosophic mind of this ingenious architect, that, by not removing the solid bow in the wake of the second deck, in order to substitute the usual flimsy fabric, called the beak-head, the ship would acquire additional strength. in that part of her frame, as well as afford some protection to her crew when going end-on upon an enemy, the circular bow of the Namur was allowed to remain. The advantages of this important alteration struck every one who saw the ship when finished ; and subsequently, as we shall hereafter have occasion more fully to relate, every ship in the British navy was ordered to be constructed with a solid circular bow instead of a beak-head.

    c Had been Indiamen, and were built of teak.

    d The same.

    e The two latest-built frigates of this class were launched in 1786, the Aquilon of 724, and the Thames of 656 tons. As the ships in general were a full third smaller than those of any French frigate-class, the class was considered not worth keeping up until the year 1804, when some newly-discovered properties in the Thames at the breaking up caused seven frigates to be laid down from the draught, one of old oak and named after herself, the remainder of fir. This was at a time, too, when scarcely a single 12-pounder frigate belonged to the French or any foreign navy. Frigates carrying 18-pounders were justly preferred, and, with the French in particular, were rapidly, increasing in number.

    f Had been a British merchant vessel ; and so had every one of the 13 ships next below her in the same column.

    g This will exemplify the exception to the generality of cases adverted to in note c to No. 11 Abstract. According to the method adopted previously to the date of the latter, 41 built or launched gun-brigs would have been separated from the 48 at b, and the difference, 7, have become the apparent number that had been ordered to be built. No deduction would here have been requisite towards proving the grand total : at the same time the true number ordered could only be obtained by noticing that none had been left as building in the preceding Abstract. For a case in point a reference may be made to the same class in Abstracts No. 10 and 9. Now, the " Ordered " column shows, at one view, and without any operation of figures, the precise number of ships ordered to be built within the year.

    h See last note.

    i These vessels were a disgrace to the British navy. They were built at Bermuda, of the pencil-cedar, measured about 78 tons, mounted four 12-pounder carronades, and were manned with 20 men and boys. In point of force, three of them, united were not more than a match for a single gunboat, as usually armed. Their very appearance as " men of war " raised a laugh at the expense of the projector. Many officers refused to take the command, of them. Others gave a decided preference to some vessels built at the same yard, to be employed as water-tanks at Jamaica. Moreover, when sent forth to cruise against the enemies of England, to " burn, sink, and destroy " all they met, these " king's schooners " were found to sail wretchedly, and proved so crank and unseaworthy, that almost every one of them that escaped capture went to the bottom with the unfortunate men on board. [Regret I can't find the reference to which these comments appears against]

    k Number of hired vessels about 140.

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