Historical Timeline of Mining on The Deep River Coal Bed
Extracted from "The Coal Demon of Deep River" by Michael Hetzer, The State Magazine, June 1987.
|Horton Coal Mine operated near Golf, NC for local needs.
George Wilcox builds forge near Cumnock.
|1776||Declaration of Independence.
Mining of Deep River Coal near Gulf continues for local needs.
|1830||Peter Evans changes name of plantation from LaGrange to Egypt and begins mining there.|
|1851||Egypt plantation sold to Brooke Harris.|
|1852||Main shaft of Egypt Mine sunk to depth of 460 feet.|
|1854||Egypt Mine sold to Governors Creek steam and Transportation Co.
Slack-water navigation route construction begun.
Railway from Fayetteville to Egypt begun.
|1861||Lincoln Inaugurated; Civil War begins.
Deep River Coal shipped by rail to Fayetteville -- used to power Confederate Navy and blockade runners.
|1865||Lee surrenders at Appomattox.|
|1870||Egypt Mine closes; bankrupt.|
|1873||Slack-water navigation begins on Deep River.
Iron ore shipped from Buckhorn to Endor Iron Furnace.
|Dams and locks fail into disrepair on Deep River and slack-water navigation ends.|
|1888||Egypt Mine reopened by Egypt Coal Company; mine enters boom years.|
|1895||Mine explosion kills 46.|
|1900||Mine explosion kills 26.|
|1902||Egypt Coal Co. declares bankruptcy; mine closes.|
|1915||Egypt Mine reopened by Norfolk Southern Railroad to supply railroad only; renamed Cumnock after Scottish mining town in hope of breaking Egypt coal curse.|
|1921||Carolina Coal Company formed to create Coal Glen Mine.|
|1922||Egypt Mine closed after repeated flooding by Deep River.
Coal Glen Mine shaft sunk.
|1925||Coal Glen Mine disaster; 53 miners killed.|
|1929||Stock Market Crash.|
|1930||Carolina Coal Company declares bankruptcy; Coal Glen Mine closed.|
|1941||Bombing of Pearl Harbor.|
|1943||Egypt Mine entered; 25 tons of scrap metal retrieved for war effort; reflooded.|
|1947||Raleigh Mining Company reopens Coal Glen Mine.|
|1950||100 tons/day produced in Coal Glen Mine.|
|1951||Coal Glen Mine closed.|
|1987||Strip mining by Chatham Coal Co. to begin on Deep River Coal Bed.|
|Return to the Coal Glen Mine Disaster Home Page.|