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Note: wiki, thisrecording, books, kafka.org; Kafka was born into a middle-class, German-speaking Jewish family in Prague, the capital of Bohemia, a kingdom that was then part of the Austro-Hungarian Empire. His father, Hermann Kafka (1852-1931), was described by Kafka himself as "a true Kafka in strength, health, appetite, loudness of voice, eloquence, self-satisfaction, worldly dominance, endurance, presence of mind, [and] knowledge of human nature ...". Hermann was the 4th child of Jacob Kafka, a butcher, and came to Prague from Osek (Strakonice district), Bohemia, a Jewish village near Písek in southern Bohemia. After working as a traveling sales representative, he established himself as an independent retailer of men's and women's fancy goods and accessories, employing up to 15 people and using a jackdaw (kavka in Czech) as his business logo. Kafka's mother, Julie (1856-1934), was the daughter of Jakob Löwy, a prosperous brewer in Poděbrady /Podiebrad, Bohemia, and was better educated than her husband. Kafka was the eldest of 6 children.. He had two younger brothers, Georg and Heinrich, who died at the ages of 15 months and 6 months, respectively, before Kafka was 6, and 3 younger sisters, Gabriele "Elli" (1889-1941), Valerie "Valli" (1890-1942), Ottilie "Ottla" (1892-1943). On business days, both parents were absent from the home. His mother helped to manage her husband's business and worked in it as much as 12 hours a day. The children were largely reared by a succession of governesses and servants. Kafka's sisters were sent with their families to the Łódź, Poland ghetto and died there or in concentration camps. Ottla is believed to have been sent to the concentration camp at Theresienstadt, Bohemia and then to the death camp at Auschwitz, Poland...
Note: any relation to Ester Heller ( m. 1787 Postelberg - ) & Raphael (see Lazarsfeld family) ( - 5/31/1847) ancestor of "source" Ann Lazarsfeld Jensen OR Filipp Löwy (1845 Libochovice /Libochowitz, Bohemia res. Roudnice nad Labem /Raudnitz an der Elbe - ) & Katharina (nee Löwy) (1856 -) P-con card "possible parents of Helene Löwy (1878 - ) & dr. Konrad /Conrad Perutz (1877 res. Liberec (Reichenberg), Bohemia - 1939) ?
*2nd husband of Věra Davidová: Erik Adolf SAUDEK Born: Nov 18, 1904 in Vienna, Austria Died: Jul 16, 1963 in Sozopol (Burgas province), Bulgaria drowning *geni Siblings: male Saudek ( - Ústí nad Labem, Bohemia, Czech) Father: Emil Saudek (9/14/1876 Vysočina, Bohemia - 1941 Prague, Bohemia)
*2nd wife of Erik Saudek: Eva VRCHLICKÁ Born: Mar 6, 1888 Died: Jul 18, 1969 in Prague, Bohemia *geni-more
*3rd husband of Eva Vrchlická: Jaroslav NEVOLE *4th husband: František ZAVŘEL Born: Nov 1, 1885 in Pardubice, Bohemia. Died: Dec 4, 1947 in Prague, Bohemia
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