Ancient history of the Lennon surname
Historical research has found that the family name Lennon was found in County Galway where they had been established in ancient times. Lennon name occured in many references, from time to time the surname was recorded as Lennon, Lannon, Leonard, Lenord and these changes in spelling even occured between father and son. It was not uncommon to find a name spelt several different ways during the lifetime of the same person, when he or she was baptized, another when the person was married, and yet another appeared on the gravestone.
This great Gaelic family of Lennon, emerged in later years in County Galway. The Lennons been of the Corca Laoidhe were located at Landoure Harbour. The Lennons moved North to Fermanagh and were distinguished Clerics of Inniskillen.
In North America some of the first migrants which could be considered kinsmen of the Lennon and of that same family were Richard Lennon settled in Barbados with his wife in 1680.
William Lennon settled in Virginia in 1685; Charles, Edward, Patrick, Robert Lennon arrived in Filadelphia between 1840 and 1860.
Coat of Arms
The most ancient grant of a Coat of Arms found was:
Silver on a green mount and buck browsing
The Crest was :
In a green mount and buck browsing.
The ancient family Motto for this distinguished name was :
"Prisco Stirpe Hibernico"
The great immigration
The story of the first Irish immigrants to Argentina due to the potato famine and political crisis affecting Ireland in the early 19th century made many Irish families look for new countries with which they had in common the Catholic religion and the rural opportunities. The countries selected mainly were Australia, the USA and Argentina.
Many of the Irish families which came to Argentina settled in the rich Pampas, mainly in the province of Buenos Aires. Starting with great hardship, with hard work and courage they transformed their living quarters into splendid ranches. At the end of nineteenth century, the majority of the Irish had well established ranches, breeding sheep. With economic changes in the agricultural field we see that the majority of the Irish farmers giving up the sheep and replacing them with cattle and also dedicating their properties to the sowing of agricultural crops. Normally these great ranches occupied large extensions of land but as the majority of the Irish families had large number of children at the death of the head of family their descendants divided in equal parts the large properties. This happens to be the story in a certain sense of the Lennon family.
The Lennon Family
The Lennons in Argentina
Edward Lennon was born in Ireland in 1819; came to Argentina in 1842 together with his wife, Rose Kenny; where he registered himself and family in Exaltacion de la Cruz county located in some 100km North of the city of Buenos Aires, in the year 1869. He died in the city of Buenos Aires in 1890. According to the newspaper Southern Cross who mentioned "anyone who was intimately acquainted with him could not help appreciating him as a thoroughly honest and straightforward man. Honest enough, in fact to please Diogenes himself.
A man who wished everyone well. He was one of our oldest Irish pioneers as he came to this country in 1842 when still with 23 years of age, and with his wonderful memory he could often relate the story of his adventurous voyage in the "COUNTESS OF DURHAM" and recall minute biographical details of the old captain Miller and his thirteen fellow passengers. After much patient hard work, he achieved a considereble fortune for his family, though was a quiet, humble, child-like man; and the consoling moral of his life story is, that it is still possible to get along in the world without trickery and dishonesty.
Eduard Lennon and wife Rosa Kenny married in Ireland in Ballinacarrigy and in 1842 arrived in Argentina with their children. He had some capital and settle in the outskirts of the city of Buenos Aires in Merlo, distant some 30 kms from the city. It is said that he started to operate in the Tanning and Salt industry administrating a concession General Rosas had given him. With a considerable fortune he moved to the town of Rojas where they purchased some 5 leagues of land (one square league 5000 Hectares) so in all they owned some 25.000 Hectares of fertile land. The name of his ranches were Santa María and La Primavera in Estación Echeverría Rojas, Province of Buenos Aires. He also had purchased land in Capilla del Señor, some 90kms North of the city of Buenos Aires.
In 1869 he owned half a league of land in Capilla del Señor, and in 1878 two leagues of farm and 15,000 sheep. His wife died in Capilla del Señor on June 9th,1879.
During that time the indians were a main threat to the settlers as they used to attack properties before the night settled in and stole the landlords sheep and cattle cutting their fences and rearing the cattle to their areas of settlement (tolderias). Those continuos attacks made the Lennons look for more peaceful areas and finally they purchased land in Capilla del Señor some 90 kms North of the city of Buenos Aires and his main ranch was called La Lucía. Both Edward, who had 8 children and died in 1890 and Patrick, his brother, also had 8 children, divided their property and one of Edward's sons John remained with a ranch covering some 2.714 Hectares and owned some 8.000 sheep. Their flock of sheep were distributed and looked after by Irish inmigrants and their family. At that time Edwards brother Patrick born in Ireland in 1839 bought land in Capilla del Señor in 1869 and married Mary Reid, Irish and had 8 children.
John known as Don Juan married late in life at the age of 50 to a younger bride in 1880 called Matilde Culligan (18 years old), and they had 4 daughters and 7 boys.
1908 - John (Don Juan) died in the Hotel de France surrounded by his family. He was burried in local cementary Family mausoleum Juan Lennon & Family. The widow, our grandmother Matilde Culligan managed the ranch together with her sons. She died in 1933. According to Argentine Law the estate was divided equally between her heirs receiving some 500 Hectares each one and the main house called Estancia La Lucía was inherited by his son Geronimo.
To see the GEDCOM files on the Lennon family click here
For the history of the Lennon name click here