World War II Photos of John K. Ruppert  

World War II Photos

from the collection of

John K. Ruppert


Rome-Arno Campaign

Rome-Arno 1944 (banner)

Rome-Arno (cover)

The Rome-Arno Campaign is the name assigned to the Allied fighting in Italy from January through August 1944. The photograph above is from the United States Government Printing Office publication (CMH Pub 72-20), 
The U. S. Army Campaigns of World War II, Rome-Arno.

John K. Ruppert arrived in Casablanca, Morocco in early March of 1944. From there, troops were transported by boxcar to Oran, Algeria. From Algeria, another ship carried the American soldiers to Naples, Italy where John was assigned to Company C, 168th Infantry Regiment of the 34th Infantry Division.

Once in Italy, John's regimen headed to Anzio beachhead on flat bottom infantry boats by night. Much of the worst of the fighting prior to this time had been at Cassino, a mountain-top abbey where the Germans were thought to be dug in. The battles for Monte Cassino were fierce. Allied Forces (American, British and Australian) sustained many casualties. The 168th infantry is mentioned as one of the regiments making up the 34th division of the Fifth Army which attacked Monte Cassino in February 1944. 

In exactly which areas and which conflicts John K. Ruppert participated are not known. He did see battle however before the Allied Forces liberated many mountainside villages and headed toward Rome in May. Fortunately, he was not wounded, however as the Rome-Arno Campaign booklet describes ...

"... the capture of this first Axis capital had a high price. Since the start of Diadem on 11 May, the Fifth Army had suffered a total of 17,931 American casualties: 3,145 killed, 13,704 wounded and 1,082 missing - 30 percent of the total casualties suffered by the Americans since Salerno in September 1943 ... total Allied losses during the campaign [were] over 43,000."

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