Biographical Sketches
Sanders of Randolph and Montgomery
and related families

A 1742 map of the Southern colonies. Courtesy of Rootsweb                

Research over the past fifteen or more years has provided us with a good outline of the origins of our Sanders and associated lines. Y-DNA evidence and family tradition leads us to believe that our line came from Ireland (or Scotland or both) and that the earliest representatives of this family were in what is now Fairfax County Virginia by the early years of the eighteenth century. We know that four brothers(William Aaron, Moses, Isaac, and Francis) left Virginia in the late 1760s and moved to Anson County North Carolina, settling in what eventually was the counties of Randolph and Montgomery. Other branches of the line moved to Spartanburg, South Carolina and areas in what is now West Virginia. Some branches are related only through Y-DNA evidence; for others we have a plausible paper record all the way back to Lewis Sanders, supposedly a schoolteacher who was the immigrant ancestor. 

I have also been able to trace all of my known ancestral lines back to the ancestor who lived here before the founding of the American constitution in 1789. Only one ancestor who was living in the year 1800 is unknown. There are still many mysteries, of course, and many individuals whose personal histories are vague and uncertain.

In this part of the Web page, I am posting brief biographies of individuals. Not everyone in the family tree will be included, of course. Some will be included because the previous research on these people has led to confusing results; others because I hope to correct errors that are common on the Web; still others because of  something really different or unique in that person's life.  The postings will not be limited to the Sanders family but will include related families  and in some cases, individuals who are not related at all but whose genealogy may have some significance in relation to Sanders genealogy. I have not tried to do this systematically but will add names from time to time as the need arises. For alphabetizing the surnames, I have used the maiden names of the women and I have used "Sanders" or "Saunders" as the surname according to the prevailing usage among researchers, as it is often difficult to determine which variant of the name the individual used originally.

--Gary B. Sanders

Joan Bailey Saunders
Birth:  1745
Fairfax County, Virginia?
Death:  about 1810
Montgomery County
North Carolina 

Said to have been of the "famous old Bailey family of Virginia." What they were famous for is unknown, except perhaps that the Barnum and Bailey Circus was once located in Fairfax County, where many of the Sanders lived. (The Bailey family of the circus was not related to the Sanders, though).

Joan is sometimes called Joanah or "the widow Sanders" in land records of Montgomery County, North Carolina. The exact dates of her birth and death are unknown but she was probably born in the 1740s and she appears to have been still alive at the time of the 1810 census.

William Aaron Saunders (1735 - 1782)  

Weldon K. Burton



April 29, 1919

Columbia County, Arkansas


October 29, 1944

Adriatic Sea, World War II


From Military record:

World War II and Korean Conflict Veterans Interred Overseas

about Weldon K Burton

Name: Weldon K Burton

Inducted From: Arkansas 

Rank: Major 

Combat Organization: 779th Bomber Squadron 464th Bomber 

Death Date: 29 Oct 1944

Monument: Florence, Italy 

Last Known Status: Missing 

U.S. Awards: Purple Heart Medal

Air Medal

Distinguished Flying Cross

Additional Army Awards 

Foreign Awards: French - Croix De Guerre, with Palm 


From the newspaper "Greenville Post," Greenville, Mississippi, June 10, 1942:


Two brothers, Captain Paul T. burton, right, and First Lieutenant Weldon K. Burton, left, are flying planes of the Unites States Army Air Forces now after spending two years in the royal Canadian Air Force.  both were in commercial aviation flying in the New York area before joining the RCAF.  They are attending the instructor school at the Greenville field.  The brothers are graduates of Magnolia, Arkansas High School.


From a New York newspaper, possibly the "Times," April 20, 1945:




CREGLINGEN, Germany, April 18 (Delayed)--Two Unites States Eighth and Ninth Air Force commanders who had been prisoners in Germany almost a year stumbled into the American lines early this morning, bringing to a successful climax their escape from a prison camp twelve days ago as the Germans began a mass evacuation of their camp in western Germany.

     The officers are Col. Kenneth R. Martin of Kansas City, Mo., commander of the 354th Mustang Fighte Group and Lieut. Col Paul T. Burton of 215 West 109th Street, New York city, commander of a bomber squadron in the 389th Liberator Group.  both were in good health, although Colonel Martin was near exhaustion because of injuries he recieved before his capture.

    Colonel Burton, whose parets live in Magnolia, Ark., was flying as a command pilot on the Hamm attach of April 22, 1944, when his plane was crippled by flak.  He hailed out over Antwep and was captured.

     "Tell my wife and family I'm ok," Colonel Martin said.  "I still love them and I hope I'll be with them soon."  He is the father of a son, Bill, 6, and a daughter, Myrna, 3.  "And tell mine the same," Colonel Burton said.  "I haven't seen them in two years."  He has two sons, Richard, 9, and Donald, 2.

     Colonel burton's wife, Katherine, who lives at 215 West 109th Street , with her mother, Mrs. Mary O'Shea, said she had last heard from him in December, when he wrote her from a German prison camp.

     In the summer of 1940, Colonel Burton, who had owned a flying school in Queens, joined the Royal Canadian Air Force.  Shortly after Pearl Harbor, he transferred to the United States Army Air Forces with the rank of captain.  Before he was shot down, his wife said, he had completed more than twenty bombing missions over Europe.  He is the holder of the Distinguished Flying Cross and the Air Medal, both with clusters.

     One of the colonel's three brothers, Capt. Weldon Burton, has been mising in action since Oct. 29, when his plane went down in the Adriatic Sea during a storm. 

Calvin Gage 
(not related to Sanders of Randolph and Montgomery)

Birth:  May 1, 1814

Death:  1847

This Calvin Gage is often confused with the Calvin Gage in Jack County, Texas, and the one in Caldwell County, Texas.

This is the one whoserved at the battle of San Jacinto. His father was Reuben Gage and his mother was Abigail Burleson Gage.

According to the 1849 settlement of his estate in Van Zandt County, Texas, and census records, his children were as follows:

James T. Gage, born 1841
Marion Gage, born 1843
Monroe Gage, born May 8, 1846

Calvin's widow Mary Polly Smith Gage married Thomas Alford about 1848 and they had these children:
Martha Jane Alford, born May 10, 1849
Hamilton Samuel Alford, born 1851
Charles Miller Alford, born 1853

After Mary Polly's death in 1853, Thomas Alford married again to, to Mary Ann Castleberry.
Land Grant 1835 Ruben obtained a land grant in Bastrop Co., TX 1 league of land see notes
The Land Grant for 1 league of land (approximately 4,428acres). Abstracts of Original TX Land Grants, dated 10-25-1835 (written in Spanish). The grant signed by Reuben states that he was born in New York State in 1770 and was the son of David and Esther Gage. In 1840 Ruben was back in Saline Co., AR..

Reuben died in Saline Co., AR. His wife Abigail survived him by over 20 years and moved back to Bastrop Co., TX and died in 1865 at the home of their son Moses Gage.

GAGE, CALVIN--Born in New York in 1814. He was a son of Reuben Gage who was born in New York in 1770 and who was issued a Certificate of Character by Talbot Chambers for Milam's Colony, September 16, 1835. In the Headright Certificate issued to Calvin Gage, February 1, 1838 by the Bastrop County Board for a league and labor of land, it is stated that he came to Texas in 1833.

Reuben Gage (1770-1844)
Abigail Burleson Gage (1772 - 1865)
 Mary Ann  Polly Smith Gage (1816 - 1853)

Calvin M. Gage 

Birth:  May 9, 1817

Death:  Dec. 1, 1851
Caldwell County

This Calvin Gage is not related to the Sanders of Randolph and Montgomery but is often confused with the Calvin Gage of Jack County, Texas who is related.

Calvin M. Gage of Caldwell, County, Texas is often confused with Calvin Gage of Jack County, Texas. This Calvin Gage never lived in Jack County and he did not serve in the Texas Revolution.

Calvin M. Gage was born May 10, 1817 in Tennessee. About 1836 he married Elizabeth (or Eliza) whose maiden name may have been Chaney. They lived in Madison County, Arkansas and in the late 1840s moved to Caldwell County, Texas. Calvin M. Gage was a highly respected minister in the Primitive Baptist Church. According to church records, he became sick in the autumn of 1851 and died on December 1, 1851.

Children of CALVIN GAGE and ELIZA CHANEY are:

i. SARAH ADELINE GAGE, b. August 20, 1837, Madison County, Arkansas; d. January 24, 1917, Eastland County, Texas; m. (1) JOSEPH BISHOP, June 25, 1855, Caldwell County, Texas; b. Abt. 1838, Madison County, Arkansas; d. 1862, Civil War; m. (2) ANDREW JACKSON FLEMING, July 01, 1866, Bell County, Texas; b. January 13, 1836, Georgia; d. February 01, 1879, Eastland County, Texas.

ii. ROBERT GARLAND GAGE, b. May 17, 1841, Madison County, Arkansas; d. January 16, 1898, Eastland County, Texas; m. EMILY TENNESSEE BISHOP; b. July 15, 1840, Texas; d. October 17, 1889, Eastland County, Texas.

iii. MARY E. POLLY GAGE, b. May 10, 1845, Madison County, Arkansas; d. November 13, 1922, Jackson County, Oklahoma; m. DAVID LUTHER ELMS, 1865, Texas; b. November 1845, Arkansas; d. 1932, Jackson County, Oklahoma.

iv. RHODA GAGE, b. December 05, 1847, Madison County, Arkansas; d. February 26, 1929, Eastland County, Texas; m. JEREMIAH JOSEPH ROBERTS, Abt. 1867, Bell County, Texas; b. January 11, 1848, Bell County, Texas; d. March 20, 1919, Eastland County, Texas.

v. WILLIAM GAGE, b. 1848, Madison County, Arkansas; d. Aft. 1860, Bell County, Texas.

vi. JOHN CALVIN GAGE, b. November 20, 1850, Caldwell County, Texas; d. May 17, 1916, Eddy County, New Mexico; m. (1) OPHELIA REBECCA WHATELEY; b. January 06, 1856, Texas; d. March 16, 1877, Eastland County, Texas; m. (2) MARY MOLLY ELIZABETH JOHNSON, March 09, 1879, Eastland County, Texas; b. December 16, 1860, Lauderdale County, Mississippi; d. December 03, 1928, Los Angeles County, California.

After Calvin M. Gage died in 1851, his widow Eliza Chaney Gage raised their children alone until she married Thomas Stayton (September 18, 1808--August 11, 1868) in the 1860s. His first wife had died a few years earlier. According to the settlement of his estate, he died in 1868, not in 1870 as stated on his tombstone. Elizabeth Chaney Gage Stayton died July 27, 1881 in Bell County, Texas.

Thomas Stayton's first marriage was to Martha Patsy Moore (1812-about 1855). His second marriage, which occurred prior to 1860 and appears to have ended in divorce, was to Nancy Jackson Pugh Stewart.
She was born July 11, 1830 and she died June 12, 1914 in McLennan County, Texas.

Nancy Jackson Pugh was married three times: first, to James Washington Stewart (1825-September 14, 1855). He died in Missouri and she then married Thomas Stayton about 1857 in Texas. Her last marriage was about 1868 to James Garrison (1823-October 28, 1885).

Frances J. Hankins Sanders

Birth:  1845
Jackson County
Death:  Nov. 29, 1879
Jackson County

Died from "childbed fever."

She and Henry A. Sanders were the parents of six children:
Joseph Monroe Greenberry, 1868
Deborah, 1873
Eliza S. Hunter, 1874
Phebe R., 1875
Stephen A. L., 1878
Felix Finus, 1879 (It was shortly after his birth that she died). Felix died in February of 1880.

 Henry Sanders (1840 - 1940)

Mahala Harper Sanders

Birth:  Aug. 7, 1818
Death:  Oct. 28, 1885
Franklin County

On March 12, 1839, Nathaniel Shelton married a second time to Mahala Harper in Marshall County, Alabama. Mahala was born on September 7, 1818 in Tennessee and is the daughter of Jacob Harper and Darkes (Davis) Harper.....Nathaniel and Mahala Shelton were the parents of six children:

Levi Shelton, b. 1839, Alabama
Mary Elizabeth Shelton (2.2), b. November 28, 1841, Jackson County, Alabama
John Harper Shelton, b. May 22, 1844, Jackson County, Alabama
William Martin Shelton (3), b. July 27, 1847, Jackson County, Alabama
Louisa Catherine Shelton, b. October 29, 1849, Jackson County, Alabama
Mahala Missouri Shelton (2.6), b. September 4, 1852, Jackson County, Alabama

From 1840 to 1850, Nathaniel and Mahala Shelton were living in Jackson County, Alabama. Nathaniel Shelton died on April 12, 1855 in Jackson County, Alabama. In 1860, Mahala (Harper) Shelton was living as head of household with her children in Jackson County, Alabama. On November 11, 1860, Mahala (Harper) Shelton married a second time to Joseph Sanders in Jackson County, Alabama. Joseph Sanders died on April 10, 1863. On January 16, 1866, Mahala Sanders signed away her dowry rights on the land owned by her deceased husband (Joseph Sanders) so that the buyers of the land in the estate would have a clear title to the land. The agreement was that the funds from the sale of the land and personal property would be set aside for her dowry rights. The probate judge failed to do this and on September 29, 1869, Mahala Sanders filed suit for her dowry. The final settlement of the Joseph Sanders’ estate was made on December 15, 1874, eleven years after his death. In 1870, Mahala (Harper) Sanders was living in Jackson County, Alabama. Mahala received for her dowry rights around $950.00 or about one-fourth of the distribution. Mahala (Harper) Shelton/Sanders died on October 29, 1885 in Franklin County, Arkansas.

Nathaniel Shelton (1806 - 1855)
Joseph Sanders (1793 - 1863)

Martha Jane Alisa Ailsey Isbell Sanders

Birth:  1808
Death:  between 1870-1880
Jackson County

She was born between 1808 and 1814 in Tennessee and died between 1870 and 1880. The death certificate of her daughter Caledonia states that Martha Jane' maiden name was Isbell. She was the mother of at least ten children who survived until adulthood and probably of more who died young.

Her exact first name is not known. On various records she appears as M.J., Martha J. Alisa, Ailsey. That the J. in her name was for "Jane" appears to an assumption of researchers.

Levi Isbell (1770 - 1850)
Jane Isbell (1775 - 1850)
 Elijah Greenville Sanders (1804 - 1858) 

Sarah Jacks Sanders

Birth:  December 1827

Jackson County
Death:  1909
Jackson County

Sarah Jacks married Henry Sanders about 1849. By 1860, the family was in Wright  County, Missouri. After her husband died, she and her surviving children moved back to Jackson County, Alabama.

Sarah Jacks Sanders applied for Confederate pension in Jackson County in 1893. The final affidavit she filed was on May 3, 1909. Sarah stated she was born in December 1827 and she was 83 years old. (Actually, she would have been 82, but other records suggest she may have been born in 1828.) She did not know the exact year Henry died but stated that his death occurred while he was in the Confederate cavalry.

She also stated that she wrote a letter to her sister-in-law Mary Maldira Nancy Louise Sanders Dubois trying to find a more precise date when Henry died.Her sons Jeremiah M. Sanders and Benjamin Evan Sanders signed affidavits in support of her application). Mary Maldira wrote back that she thought that Henry died in 1862 (pages 6-7).

Since Sarah Jacks Sanders does not appear on the 1910 census, she probably died in 1909.

Evan Jacks (1802-1892)
Rachel Cain (1798-1890)

Henry L. Sanders (1830-1862)

Elizabeth King Sanders

Birth:  May 22, 1817

Randolph County
North Carolina
Death:  between 1880-1900
Prentiss County

Elizabeth King and Isaac Sanders were married September 18, 1836 in Jackson County, Alabama. This information comes from family records passed down in the family of her grandson Isaac Newton Sanders. She appears with her husband on the 1860, 1870, and 1880 census. The identity of her parents is not known. She may have been a sister to Isham King who married Annie Sanders.

In 1880 the census taker recorded that Elizabeth was in bed with dyspepsia (old-fashioned term for stomach troubles) on the day the census was taken. She may not have lived long after that.
Isaac Sanders (1817 - 1885)

Jesse King
Jackson County
Stone County

Jesse had a very interesting life but many of the details are still mysterious:
"Jesse was the oldest of three boys of Isham King. Jessie was married once and then he and another lady eloped. He deserted his wife. I suppose they were divorced later. His first wife had one daughter, Jane King, who married a man named Duggar who was a school teacher. I remember seeing her when she was ill with rheumatism. Her arms, feet and legs were all drawn. She could not straighten tham out. By the second wife he had Isaac, Margaret, Annie, Grant, Jessie, Arthur, Elmer and Esther."
Actually, I believe Jesse had three wives. His first was Emily Sisk. They married in 1855 in Jackson County, Alabama. Their only child was Mabella Hallie Jane King who married James Dugger about 1878 in Madison County, Illinois.
Jesse left Emily and things did not go well for her. In 1870 she is a boarder with another family in Jackson County and she is listed as "insane."  Apparently, the child remained with Jesse when he moved to Illinois.
Jesse King married Nancy Adeline Davis in 1860 in Jackson County. She was dead, however, before April 1862 when a document relating to the estate of her sister's deceased husband  states " Jesse King who intermarried with Adeline Davis, now deceased."  I can't find any information on what happened with her. Perhaps she died in childbirth as many women did in those days. It does not appear that they had any surviving children.
His third marriage was about 1866 to Mary Paula Walburga Rauschmaier, daughter of a Prussian immigrant. They had at least nine children. 

Nancy Jane Lovelady Sanders

Birth:  1826
Death:  1900
Wright County

Nancy Jane Lovelady married Benjamin Franklin Sanders on April 15, 1852 in Jackson County, Alabama. She and Benjamin moved to Wright County, Missouri, where they appear on the 1860 census with their children, Sevier L. Sanders, Elizabeth Eliza London Sanders, and Sarah Katherine Sanders. Also living in the household are children by Benjamin's first wife, Mary Polly Moody: Phoebe Lydia, Joseph D. L., William N., and Rebecca. Benjamin and Nancy Lovelady had one other child, Anna Sanders, who ws born in 1864.

In 1868, some type of settlement was made between Nancy and Benjamin. It appears there was a divorce or separation and Nancy was given custody of Sevier and Sarah Katherine. Nancy appears on the 1880 Wright County census with only Sevier in her household(Sarah Katherine had married in 1875).

Part of the marital discord may have been due to mental illness. According to records found by Patricia Thomas, on August 11, 1870, Moses White and William S. Dennis were appointed as guardian and curator to Nancy Lovelady Sanders. A jury found “Nancy J. Sanders partially insane and unfit to manage her affairs." On November 18, 1887 Thomas H Musick, a lawyer, was appointed her curator, and she was again declared partially insane. In December 1891, her estate was appraised and Musick remained her guardian. On February 18, 1893, Charley Curtis was appointed her guardian. This is the last record yet found of Nancy, and she does not appear on the 1900 census.

Benjamin married a third time, to Nancy Billingsley Sanders (widow of William Walter Sanders) in 1874 and this union had two children: James Henry Sanders (1874-1948) and Amanda Sanders (1875-1958). The 1948 obituary of James Henry mentions Sevier and Amanda as half-siblings who had predeceased James Henry Sanders.

Nancy Lovelady Sanders died between 1893 and 1900 and is probably buried in Wright County. Her granddaughter, Bessie Calhoun Crabtree recalled her grandmother in a letter written in 1968:

"He[Benjamin Franklin Sanders]married my mother's mother,a girl by name of Nancy Lovelady. She had never been married yet. My mother Eliza London Sanders married my father John Calhoun. My mother was one of four children that was born to Doctor Ben Sanders and Nancy Lovelady who was all French nationality, a small woman, brown eyes and black hair, very long and very thick. She had a quick temper. She was a good and a neat housekeeper. I loved her a lot. Your sister Penny cooks a lot like little Granny, as we kids used to call her."

Nancy's Lovelady Sanders' husband, Benjamin Franklin Sanders, is often confused with his cousin Benjamin Sanders, Jr.(1804-about 1865) Both Benjamins lived in Wright County in 1860 and they were cousins. Benjamin, Jr. was married two times: to Liney Suggs in 1825, and then, after her death in 1849, to Intha Adeline Freeman, about 1852.

Benjamin Franklin Sanders died in 1874. According to a e-mail message from one of his descendants, Clifton Sanders, in 2007, Benjamin "was shot by a Indian while on a cattle drive and the horse brought him home.You could pull a rag through where he was shot and he died soon after getting home." [Rags were sometimes pulled through wounds in those days to remove possible infection.]

She is possibly buried in the Hensley Cemetery in Wright County but no marker has been found. 

Sevier Lovelady (1797-1876)

Benjamin Franklin Sanders (1813 - 1874)
Sevier L Sanders (1853 - 1891)
Eliza London Sanders Calhoun (1854 - 1896)
Sarah Catherine Sanders Adamson (1857-about 1925)
Annie Davis Sanders Smith (1861 - 1920)

Dan William Miller

Birth:  December 1853
Marion County
Death:  1922

DANIEL DAN WILLIAM MILLER was born December 1853 in Marion County, Alabama, and died 1922 in Claiborne Parish, Louisiana or Hot Springs, Arkansas. He married ORDENA(ARDIENA) DEAN ELIZABETH PRESTRIDGE November 01, 1881 in Itawamba County, Mississippi, daughter of ANDERSON PRESTRIDGE and MARY RINGER. She was born Bet. August - October 1863 in Itawamba County, Mississippi, and died Bet. August 1902 - 1910 in Union or Ouachita County, Arkansas.


1. BURTON MILLER, b. Abt. 1882, Itawamba County, Mississippi.
2. NAPOLEON MILLER, b. March 1884, Itawamba County, Mississippi.
3. MYRTLE MAGGIE MILLER, b. January 12, 1886, Itawamba County, Mississippi; d. June 19, 1959, Longview, Gregg County, Texas.
4. JAMES HOUSTON MILLER, b. August 1890, Itawamba County, Mississippi.
5. LILLIE B. MILLER, b. June 20, 1893, Tupelo, Lee County, Mississippi; d. 1956, Ouachita County, Arkansas.
6. BAMMA HESTER BERNICE MILLER, b. Abt. January 1896, Haynesville, Claiborne Parish, Louisiana; d. December 24, 1934, City Hospital, North Little Rock, Arkansas.
7. ETHYL ELVIRA SAMMIE MILLER, b. Abt. August 31, 1902, Haynesville, Claiborne Parish, Louisiana; d. January 05, 1982, Warrenton, Warren county, Missouri; m. (1) WILLIAM  DON BOND, December 12, 1920, Haynesville, Clairborne Parish, Louisiana; m. (2) ROY SPURGEON "CHAN" CHANDLER, February 20, 1943 in Saline County, Arkansas. Roy Chandler was  b. December 27, 1893; d. June 1970, North Little Rock, Pulaski County, Arkansas.
John Miller (1817 - 1890)
Carrie Guyton Miller (1835 - 1903)
Ordena Elizabeth Prestridge Miller (1863 -about 1905)

Dorothy Elvira Ethel Sammie Miller Bond Chandler

Birth:  Aug. 31, 1902
Claiborne Parish
Death:  Jan. 5, 1982
Warren County

Daniel William Miller (1853 - 1922)
Ordena Elizabeth Prestridge Miller (1863 -about 1905)

William Don Bond  (1898-1921)
Roy Spurgeon Chandler (1891 - 1970)

Sarah Jane Mitcham Walker

Birth:  Nov., 1835
Clarke County
Death:  about 1915
San Augustine County

Died between 1910 and 1920 in San Augustine County, Texas. On the 1900 and 1910 census she is using the surname of her first husband, Edmund Walker.  She applied for a Confederate widows pension based on Edmund Walker's service.

Edmund Walker (1833-1864)
Andrew Jackson Pickering (1829 - 1895)

Joshua Moses



Bladen County near Yadkin River, now in Anson County

North Carolina


February 21, 1836

Whitley County




Miss Deberry

Jane Pleasant


Joshua Moses, Revolutionary War patriot, was born in 1748 or 1749 in North Carolina. His pension application of 1833 in Whitley County, Kentucky, states he was born on the banks of the Yadkin River in North Carolina and that he lived in Buncombe and Anson counties after the American Revolution, though he spent some time in South Carolina during the war. The 1790 and 1800 census enumerations appear to confirm his residence in Anson County. Between 1800 and 1809 he moved to Knox County, Kentucky, part of which was split off in 1818 to form Whitley County.

Y-DNA testing of his descendants suggests he is most likely the same person as the Joshua Moses who was baptized with his siblings on December 11, 1753 in Prince Frederick Winyah Parish of the Georgetown District of South Carolina. The parents were John and Jane Moses and the children were listed as Betty, 11; Sarah, 9; John, 7; Joshua, 3; and Samuel, 7 months. Descendants of the brothers John and Samuel have participated in DNA testing and they match the descendants of Joshua.

Before the connection to John Moses of South Carolina was established, there had been much speculation about the ethnic origin of Joshua Moses. Some researchers thought he might have been descended from Sephardic Jews from Spain and Portugal. In fact, the DNA tests show his Y-DNA was most common in Scandinavia. If the surname Moses is actually derived from the Moselle region of France, as some believe, it is possible that Joshua was a descendant of one of the Vikings who settled in France and whose Norman descendants later moved to England. Efforts to trace the family beyond John Moses of South Carolina, however, have proved unsuccessful.

The best source for information about Joshua is the 1965 book by Richard A. Moses, “Moses-A Record of the Moses Tribe (Kentucky).” The author was a careful researcher, but he does not always separate what is family tradition from his own conclusions based on the records and evidence he had available. The following is from page two of the book:

“His U.S. Army record shows that during the Revolutionary War he volunteered as a private in Captain Williams' Company, which was under the command of Colonel Waid. He fought in the battle at Eutah Springs. His company routed a band of Tories at Browns Creek. He was captured by the British, was cut on the head, and in an effort to protect his head he was cut on both arms and pierced in the left shoulder with a sword, brought to the ground and bound. He was sent to Charleston, South Carolina, and from there to James Island where he was guarded by the British Waggoners. He remained a prisoner for nine months and then escaped and walked for three days without food, and joined General Green's Troops on the Ashley River and then permitted to return to his home because of his wounds and the advanced period of the War. He was allowed pension on Certificate NO. 35058 which was issued November 14, 1833. Rate $53.33 per annun, Act of June 7, 1832, Kentucky Agency.”

Joshua Moses died on February 21, 1836 and is buried in the Stanfill Cemetery in Pleasant View, Whitley County, Kentucky. His female descendants are eligible for membership in the Daughters of the American Revolution. Several members have been admitted through descent from Joshua’s son, Joshua, Jr., and one has recently applied for membership based on descent from Joshua’s son John, a Baptist preacher whose son Joel moved to Ouachita County, Arkansas.

The two brothers, John, who married Polly Richmond in 1809, and Joshua, who married Anna Hackler in 1816, are the only two confirmed children of the senior Joshua Moses. Most researchers have thought they were half-brothers, but documentary evidence is non-existent, and it is not even clear whether there was a family tradition that they were half brothers.


Virtually all we know about the children of Joshua Moses comes from the 1965 book, "Moses-A Record of the Moses Tribe (Kentucky)," by Richard A. Moses and from other snippets of family tradition. Joshua did not provide any information about his wives or children in his pension application in 1833.

Richard A. Moses believed that Joshua was married at least two times and that his two sons, John and Joshua, Jr., were half-brothers. Unfortunately, he didn't state whether this conclusion was a family tradition or merely his own conclusion: "it appears from records I have found that these two boys are only half brothers."

The author also stated of Joshua that "between 1793 and 1800 he came to a place in Kentucky..he named the place Pleasant View after his wife Jane Pleasant." The dates here are probably not correct. The 1800 census appears to show that Joshua was still living in Anson County, North Carolina. We can, however, determine from this statement that there was a family tradition that Joshua had a wife named Jane Pleasant and that he named the place where he settled in Kentucky after her. What may be questionable is the year he moved to Kentucky, and, possibly, the year he married Jane Pleasant, even though Richard Moses stated: "It is certain that Joshua Moses, Sr., married Jane Pleasant in 1792." It would have been immensely helpful if the author had explained why he thought 1792 as the year of the marriage was certain.

Richard Moses also states there was a family tradition that Joshua at one time may have had a wife named Berry or Deberry. Other researchers, for reasons that cannot presently be determined, have suggested the given names of the Deberry wife were Eva and Rilla. The Deberrys were a prominent family in Anson and Montgomery counties, North Carolina, and Joshua, of course, lived in Anson for many years. Edmund Deberry of Montgomery County was a plantation owner, politician, and congressman; his niece, Mary A. Deberry, married Joel Moses, the grandson of Joshua Moses, Sr. It seems likely, therefore, that the Deberry wife of Joshua, Sr., was probably closely related to Mary Deberry and Edmund Deberry.

Joshua Moses died in Whitley County, Kentucky, in 1836. He had two known sons, John (born 1782) and Joshua (born 1793). Traditionally, researchers have assumed John was a son by Joshua's first wife who was a Deberry before her marriage and that Joshua was a son by Jane Pleasant. It is difficult to determine whether these assumptions are based on family tradition or were conclusions by researchers in the early twentieth century. Oddly, the name Deberry was passed down as a middle name among the descendants of Joshua, Jr., not among the descendants of John.

I have examined the 1790, 1800, and 1810 census to see what they reveal about Joshua's children and marriages. Before the advent of modern medicine, it was very rare for children to be born less than two years apart, hence I have assumed a minimum of two years separation in the birth years of any individuals who appear on the census and are presumed to be children. One caveat is that on these census enumerations, we cannot always assume that a minor living in a household is a child of the head of the household.

The 1790 census does not give an age range for the four white females who are living in Joshua's household in Anson County, North Carolina. We assume one of them is Joshua's wife and the other three may be their children. We can assume that the male over sixteen in the census is Joshua himself and that the male under sixteen is probably Joshua's son John who would have been eight years old in 1790.If John Moses was the last child born rather than the first, we could push the date of the first child (a female) back to about 1775 or 1776. If the girls were born before John, they would probably have been married by 1800, thus explaining why they are not on the 1800 census. It's also possible that some of the three unidentified females were adult relatives living in the household and not children at all

By 1800, the family has grown enormously. Joshua is referenced as "Joshua Mores" in the census database of Anson County. Joshua himself is undoubtedly the male over 55 (born before 1755). His wife seems to be the female age 26-44 (born between 1756-1774). Their son John is the male who is age 16-25 and their son Joshua is one of the males age 0-10.

Difficulties arise in determining the status of the other individuals. There are two other boys age 0-10; there is one girl age 0-10; and there are two boys age 10-15. It's obvious that the boys who are age 10-15 were missing from the 1790 census. If they were children of Joshua, they should have been listed in 1790. Who were they? Stepchildren of Joshua's second wife? Or relatives living in the household? And what happened to the three girls who were in the household in 1790? They are missing in 1800.To assign all these children to one husband and wife would require the birth of one or more sets of twins or we would have to assume the two boys of age 10-15 in 1800 were missed by the census taker during the enumeration the 1790 census.

When we move to the next census, that of 1810, when Joshua had moved to Knox County, Kentucky, the most striking event is the disappearance of at least five children between 1800 and 1810. All of these should have been under twenty-five years old in 1810 and at least three of them would have been under 20 and presumably still living with their parents. In 1810 the only people in the household are Joshua (male over 45), his wife (female over 45), and presumably his son Joshua (male 10-15, though he was actually 17 in 1810).

There is a fragmentary family tradition that Joshua had a large family at one time but that his wife and children were either killed or died in a short period of time. Did this tragedy occur between 1800 and 1810 and was that the reason that Joshua moved to Kentucky? Was the wife of 1800 a different person from the wife of 1810?

I'm hoping that other Moses researchers will be able to provide further information, comments, suggestions, or corrections to what I have posted here.

Billie Jo Perry Sanders

Birth:  Sep. 1, 1927
Jefferson County
Death:  Jul. 23, 2012
Jefferson County

Married Thomas Brantley Perry September 11, 1948
Married Carl Julian Sanders June 28, 1997

From Allene Lemons, Sept. 2014:

SANDERS, BILLIE JO PERRY 84, went to be with her Lord on Thursday, August 23, 2012 following a brief illness. She is survived by two daughters along with three adoring grandchildren.She is also survived by a brother.Mrs. Sanders is preceded to the Church Triumphant by two loving and devoted husbands, Thomas Brantley Perry and Bishop Carl Julian Sanders.

She was a faithful member of Vestavia Hills United Methodist Church, including Sunday evening Vespers. Mrs. Sanders served as Administrative Secretary for twenty-one years in the United Methodist Bishop's Office under four Bishops of the North Alabama and Alabama-West Florida Annual Conferences. She enjoyed attending several General Conferences and Southeastern Jurisdictional Conferences of the United Methodist Church. Following her retirement in 1993, she volunteered at Carraway Methodist Medical Center and continued to enjoy her long-standing Bridge Club. Billie Jo was on the planning committee for the 50th year reunion of her class from West End High School. She continued to enjoy fellowship with this committee long after the reunion itself. Billie Jo's joy in life was serving her Lord, blessing many people with His love through her. She was a totally loving and devoted wife, mother, and "Granny", and friend to those who meant so much to her. Her loving, enthusiastic spirit will be remembered with special memories by everyone who knew her.

The celebration of Mrs. Sanders' life was held on Monday, August 27,2012 at 2:00 PM in the Sanctuary of Vestavia Hills United Methodist Church with Bishop J. Lloyd Knox, Dr. Bill Bostick and Dr. Bill Brunson, officiating.
William Walter Perry (1907 - 1940)
Floy Wilkins Perry (1909 - 1990)
Carl Julian Sanders (1913 - 2007)

Rhoda Redwine Saunders

Birth:  Jul. 11, 1809
Randolph County
North Carolina
Death:  Feb. 9, 1892
Montgomery County
North Carolina 

The year of her death is uncertain, but she was alive at the time of the 1880 census.
Per e-mail from Geneva Sanders Cervantes: "Sampson and Rhoda Redwine Sanders are buried in Montgomery County, North Carolina, not far from their home."

Michael Prussia Redwine (1759-1823)
Susannah Miller (1766-after 1823)

Sampson Saunders (1801 - 1864)

Anna Annie Sanders King

Birth:  1811
Randolph County
North Carolina
Death:  about 1885
Madison County

For these reasons, I believe Anna "Annie" Sanders who married Isham King to be the daughter of Benjamin and Mary Sanders of Randolph County, North Carolina:
1. There was a female in Ben's household in 1830 who was the right age to be Anne who married Isham King.
2. Isham King was the bondman for the the June 25, 1833 wedding of Anna Johnson and George W. Sanders, who was a son of Benjamin Sanders. George was the ancestor of Ann Duboise who provided us with the information that George's parents were Benjamin and Mary. Anne, Isham's wife, may have been George's sister.
3. Isham and Annie are living several households away from Benjamin and his son Isaac  Sanders in 1840 in Jackson County.

4. Isaac married a woman named Elizabeth King. We don't know her parents but she may have been a sister to Isham as there was only seven years difference in their ages.
Isham and Annie are probably buried in the Mundis Cemetery in Madison County.

The had the following children:

JESSE KING, b. April 10, 1834, Jackson County, Alabama; d. March 14, 1920, Stone County, Missouri.

ISAAC KING, b. November 06, 1836, Jackson County, Alabama; d. February 11, 1907, Barry County,Missouri.

ISHAM KING, b. February 01, 1839, Jackson County, Alabama; d. April 24, 1876, Alhambra, Madison County, Illinois

MARY KING, b. Abt. 1843, Jackson County, Alabama.

JAKE or "Tobe"  KING, b. Abt. 1846, Jackson County, Alabama.

ANNIE KING, b. Abt. 1849, Jackson County, Alabama.

WILLIAM J. KING, b. Abt. 1852, Jackson County, Alabama; d. Aft. 1880, Madison County, Illinois?

 Benjamin Sanders (1766 - 1849)
 Mary Sanders (1782-about  1840)

 Isham J. King (1810 - after 1880)
  William Sanders (1789 - 1872)
  Benjamin Sanders (1804 - 1866)
  Sarah Sanders Bean (1808 - 1880)
  Anna Sanders King (1811 - about 1885)
  George W. Sanders (1812 - 1858)
  Pheobe Ellender Saunders Lee (1813 - 1902)
  Isaac Sanders (1817 - about 1885)
  John Esquire Sanders (1822 - 1896)
  Alfred Head Mashburn Sanders (1827 - 1919)

Annie B. Fannie Sanders Sanders
Birth:  1839
Jackson County
Death:  Feb. 28, 1875
Jackson County

Ann B."Fannie" Sanders was the second cousin of her husband. She was the daughter of William Sanders and Martha Unknown, who was reported to be of American Indian ancestry. Ann B. married Elijah Greenville Sanders on March 30, 1853. She was the mother of seven of Elijah Greenville's eight children.

From her husband's pension file:

Elijah was born April 8, 1833 in Jackson County, Alabama.
Died August 18, 1925, last residence Hazel Green, Madison County, Alabama.

Enlisted August 28, 1863, discharged June 16, 1864.
Served in Co. A.1 Ala. Vidette Vol. Cavalry rank of Sergeant.

First applied for a pension in 1888.

Moved to Lincoln County, Tennessee, from Jackson County on January 4, 1901.

Lived at Trenton in Jackson County at the time of his enlistment

Married three times:

1. to Annie B. Sanders March 29, 1853, Scotsboro, Jackson County, Alabama, married by Isaac Tenney. Annie died February 28, 1875

2. Lizzie Gibson. She died April 4, 1880. [The pension file doesn't give the date of marriage, only her name, but I believe she appears in the marriage records as Frances Elizabeth Gibson and the marriage occurred on July 15, 1875]

3. to Martha Jane Scott on October 4, 1884. She was married previously on June 4, 1875 to Henry Berry who died April 11, 1878.

Children of Elijah Greenville, living and dead, from affidavit in 1915:

A. E. J. Sanders Sept. 26th 1854
L. P. (C?) Sanders February 9, 1856
J. W. Sanders August 12, 1859
H. M. Sanders April 9, 1862
M. C. Sanders Jan. 4, 1866

F. M. Sanders Nov. 13, 1870
B. O. Sanders Dec 30, 1872
James A. (H?) Sanders September 6, 1876

James Allen was the only child by Frances Elizabeth Gibson.

Some of these birth dates have minor conflicts with the census and other data and may need to be modified.
William Sanders (1789 - 1872)
Martha T. Sanders (1802 - after 1880)
 Elijah Greenville Sanders (1833 - 1925)

Brantley N. Sanders

Birth:  1825
Randolph County
North Carolina
Death:  about 1865
Macoupin County

From Biographical Records of Macoupin county, Illinois, written in 1891, quoted in Sanders Siftings, p. 4 January 2000:

Henry C. Sanders, one of the members of a prominent family of Macoupin County, residing on section 22, North Otter Township, has a beautiful place of eighty-three acres upon which he has erected good farm buildings. He is a brother of W. E. Sanders of Polk Township and a son of Brantley N. Sanders who was a North Carolinian by birth. His mother, Sarah Sanders, was born in Alabama which became the first home of this couple after marriage and from which they moved to Missouri in 1858. They remianed in that State until during the days of the Civil War, when they came to Illinois, settled in which is now Polk Township, Macoupin County. They remained here from 1863 through the remainder of their lives.

The subject of this sketch is the third in order of age in a family of ten children. He was born before his parents came West, December 23, 1849, in Alabama. He accompanied his father and mother in their wanderings, reaching Macoupin county in 1863 and remained with his parents until their death. After this sad event the family remained together about a year, making their home in North Otter Township. Henry went to live with Nathan Camberlain and remained with him four years and then worked a year for another farmer who also resided in North Otter Township. After this he spent one summer in Polk Township.

 Sampson Saunders (1801 - 1864)
 Rhoda Redwine Saunders (1809 - 1892)
 Sarah Sanders Saunders (1826 - about 1865)

Calvin Sanders

Birth:  Jul. 21, 1847
Tishomingo County
Death:  Jun. 6, 1877
Prentiss County

Calvin's parents moved to Montgomery County, Arkansas in 1850 and stayed there until after the Civil War. During the war he served briefly in Earnest's local defense company, but he was only sixteen at the war's end and was the only one of his brothers who did not join the regular army on either side. (His father served first as a Confederate and then joined the Union forces.) After the war, the family moved back to Booneville in Tishomingo, which in 1869 was made part of Prentiss County. The date of his death is from family tradition, presumbly from an old family Bible passed down in the family of his nephew Calvin Newton Sanders.

He married Mary Clark (her maiden name comes from family tradition but has not been verified by documentation) about 1868 and they had four children:

Rebecca Sanders born September 1869, probably the same individual as "Reda" or "Redie" Sanders who married Benjamin F. Butler.

Mary, born 1871

Sarah Caldona Sanders born 1874, married Robert Benjamin Ellis

Isaac Sanders born March 27, 1877, who married Alice Spears

Carl Julian Sanders

Birth 1912
Montgomery County
North Carolina
Jefferson County

Carl Julian Sanders was  a Methodist bishop.

From a published obituary in the Richmond Times-Dispatch, March 10, 2007:

"A native of Star, N.C., who grew up in Rock Hill, S.C., he was a student preacher while earning his bachelor of divinity degree from Emory University. He came to the Virginia Annual Conference in 1934. In addition to leading Broad Street and Trinity churches in Richmond, he served at churches in Cheriton, Chase City, South Roanoke and Arlington. He was superintendent of the Petersburg, Richmond and Norfolk church districts. Mr. Sanders was a founder and trustee of Virginia Wesleyan College in Norfolk as well as a trustee at Ferrum College in Ferrum and Randolph-Macon Academy in Front Royal."

"The Bishop traveled extensively around the world, visiting refugee camps and mission work in Africa, Asia, and Europe and was a frequent visitor to the Middle East and Far East; the co-founder of the Jerusalem Center for Biblical Studies for Educational Opportunities, Inc. in Lakeland, Florida. He served as a lecturer for Educational Opportunities in England, Germany, Austria, Switzerland, Sweden, Alaska, and Jerusalem. Bishop Sanders was known as one of the greatest preachers in Methodism. His devotion to God, his understanding of the Gospel, and his keen wit made his sermons live in the hearts of hearers. He was awarded three Freedom Foundation Awards for his sermons."

This obituary can be found at:

Carl Julian Sanders was a descendant of another well-known minister, the Reverend Hardy Sanders (1807-1895) of Moore County, North Carolina.

Hugh T. Sanders (1874-1937)
Annie Margaret Crowell (1885-1958)

Eleanor Louse Lupo Sanders (1916-1995)
Billie Jo Perry Sanders (1927-2012)

Elijah Greenville Sanders 

Birth:  1804

Randolph County
North Carolina
Death:  May 7, 1858
Jackson County

The middle name of "Greenville" occurs in several Sanders men who lived in Jackson County, Alabama. In addition to Elijah and his son, there were also two cousins who appear to have had the same name. We do not know whether Greenville was a surname of an ancestor.

Elijah served in the 1837 Seminole Indian War in Witt Company, Caulfield Batallion, as one of the volunteers from Jackson County.

I have not been able to confirm with any document the death date of May 7, 1858 that was provided by another researcher, but Elijah's estate was administered in that year and the following people were mentioned:

Will of Elijah Saunders, 1858, Jackson County, Alabama, Francis Sanders, administrator. Wife Martha J. Children, Emaline Carlson, Eliz. Warmack, Sally Ann Sanders, Margaret Sanders, Francis Sanders, William Sanders, Caledonia, Cynthia, Alsy A.

The administrator of the estate, Francis Sanders,was Elijah's brother, John Francis Sanders(1805-1875). Elijah's father, the elder Francis Sanders(1782-after 1857), was in Arkansas in 1858, assuming he was still alive in that year.

The known children of Elijah and Martha J. Alisa Isbell:

Rachel Emaline Sanders who married William C. Coulson July 2, 1854.

Mary Elizabeth Sanders who married Robert Womack, August 2, 1850.

Elijah Greenville Bud Sanders who married his cousin Ann B. Fannie Sanders March 30, 1853.

Mary Mollie Sally Ann Sanders who married Ivory Sanders May 10, 1868.

Margaret J. Sanders who married her cousin John B. Sanders March 20, 1860.

Francis Marion Sanders who married Mary Elizabeth Smith, August 25, 1875.

William Sanders who married Martha Mattie Gibson July 20, 1875.

Caledonia Sanders who married John Kimbrough December 18, 1875.

Cynthia Sanders whose history after 1860 is unknown.

Alsy (or possibly, Susan) Sanders whose history after 1870 is also unknown.

Francis Sanders (1782 - 1860)
Rachel Sanders Sanders (1779 - 1855)
Martha J. Alisa Ailsey Isbell Sanders (1808 - 1875) 

Francis Sanders
Birth:  1782
Montgomery County
North Carolina
Death:  between 1857-1860
Hempstead County

Francis Sanders was born in 1782 in North Carolina. Because of cousin relationships that are mentioned in traditions among his descendants, it appears he was a brother to Benjamin Sanders, and they were probably sons of Isaac Saunders who was living in Montgomery County in 1782 and lived afterwards in neighboring Randolph County. Francis is probably the 16-25 year old male in Isaac's household in Randolph County in the census of 1800.

My research indicates that, contrary to many statements on the Internet, Francis of Randolph was not from Gates County, North Carolina, and was not the son of Francis Sanders who died in 1783 in Gates.

On August 21, 1801 Francis Sanders of Randolph married Rachel Sanders, daughter of Joseph Sanders. DNA tests of the descendants of Francis and Joseph show that they were from separate Sanders lines. Francis appears to be enumerated on the 1810 census of Randolph near his brother Benjamin Sanders. The 1820 census is missing. By 1830 he and his family had moved to Jackson County, Alabama. In the 1840s, the family moved to Dekalb County, Alabama.

There are five children of Francis and Rachel for whom I have found plausible documentation: Elijah (born in 1804), John Francis (1805), Elisha (1814), William Patrick (1819), and Mary Jane (1823). All were born in Randolph County, North Carolina.

Elijah Sanders was the oldest child of Francis and Rachel. There is a solid family tradition passed down among his descendants (to Mrs. Hattie Vandiver, who was born in 1923) that his father was Francis Sanders. Elijah married Mary Jane Isbell and they raised a large family of ten children. Elijah died in Jackson County in 1858.

The administrator for the estate of Elijah was his brother Francis (also known as John Francis or Frank) Sanders. John Francis was probably the oldest living brother of Elijah and chosen as the administrator for this reason. John Francis moved to Calhoun County, Arkansas, in 1871 and died there in 1875.

Another likely son of Francis and Rachel is Elisha Sanders, who died in Marshall County, Alabama in 1840. The elder Francis was one of the administrators for his estate. Elisha appears to have been a relatively young man, probably under thirty years old, because he left a young widow and two male children, both under six years old. The presence of the younger of these children in the household of Francis and Rachel in 1850 in DeKalb County, Alabama, also lends credence to the possibility that Francis was the grandparent of the two children of Elisha.

While Francis and Rachel were living in DeKalb County, Alabama, Francis applied for federal bounty land on January 1, 1851, based on his service in the Seminole Indian War. He stated on the application that he was 68 years old and that he was the same person who served in Jackson County in the fall of 1837 and spring of 1838 under Captain William S. Coffee's North Alabama Mounted Volunteer Regiment. We know from subsequent events that his intention was to go to Arkansas and secure land there.

At nearly seventy years of age, he and Rachel didn't travel alone but with the families of two of their children: William Patrick Sanders, who was married to Ellender Southerland; and Mary Jane Sanders, married to James Jones Biddie or Biddy. In a court case in the Indian Territory in 1903, one of their grandchildren, Sarah Ann Biddy Kinsey, stated that the Sanders migration to Arkansas involved at least five wagons and two buggies. My estimate is that there were seventeen or more people. According to another grandchild, the trip took five or six weeks. The route apparently was from Marshall County, Alabama, through Corinth, Mississippi, to Memphis, then through Des Arc in Prairie County, Arkansas, and finally to Hempstead County.

Mary Jane Sanders Biddie died in 1852 somewhere in central Arkansas, possibly near Des Arc in Prairie County. Her brother, William Patrick Sanders, moved to Pike County, Arkansas, and later served in the Union Army during the Civil War. His year of death is uncertain, but military records show he was alive in November 1863. One of his sons married in 1865 in Montgomery County, Arkansas, a granddaughter of Francis' brother Benjamin.

Francis Sanders' bounty land warrant was executed in August 1855 in Hempstead County, Arkansas, and the two witnesses were James J. Biddie and William (William Patrick) Sanders. The application states that Francis was then a resident of Hempstead County. Francis seems to have received the right to eighty acres in Pike County and then to have signed his rights to the land in October 1856 to Henry Merrill, an agent for the Arkansas Manufacturing Company. This is the last record we have of Francis Sanders. Neither he nor Rachel is referenced on the 1860 Arkansas census.

Census records indicate that Francis and Rachel probably had other children, but contrary to numerous postings on the Internet, Francis and Rachel were almost certainly not the parents of several children that are often attributed to them: Rebecca (born in 1806), Phoebe (1813), Isaac (1818) John (1822), Alfred Head Mashburn (1826). My research indicates these five siblings were the children of Francis' brother, Benjamin.

Isaac Saunders (1737 - 1825)
Rachel Sanders Sanders (1779 - 1855)*
Elijah Greenville Sanders (1804 - 1858)
John Francis Sanders (1805-1875)
Elisha Sanders (1814 - 1839)
William Patrick Sanders (1819 - 1863)
Mary Jane Sanders Biddie (1823 - 1852)

Francis F. Sanders


March 13, 1875

Barry County, Missouri 

Hester “Hettie Ledbetter

Between 1860-1870

Newton County, Missouri

The descendants of Francis have a proven Y-DNA relationship to the Sanders of Randolph and Montgomery but no paper trail has been established. Francis may be a cousin to the James Sanders who lived in  Jessamine and Madison counties in Kentucky.

Henry L. Sanders

Birth:  1832
Montgomery County
North Carolina
Death:  1862
Wright County

Henry died about 1862 in Missouri according to an affidavit in 1893 by his widow and a letter written by his sister in law, Mary Maldira Nancy Louise Sanders Duboise.

Benjamin Sanders (1804 - 1866)
Lynna Liney Suggs Sanders (1804 - 1850)
Sarah Jacks Sanders (1827 - 1909)*
Sarah Sanders Saunders (1826 - 1865)
Henry L Sanders (1832 - 1862)
Levi Lindsey Sanders (1837 - 1917)
Mary Maldira Nancy Louise Sanders Dubois (1844 - 1922)
Benjamin Sanders  (1849-before 1859)
Paulina Catherine D. Perleene Crews (1846-1903)
John William Sanders (1853 - 1903)
Frances A Sanders Vessar (1854 - 1930)
Lewis T Sanders (1857 - 1870)**
Benjamin Redwine Sanders (1859 - 1939)
Isabel Clementine Sanders Vankirk (1863 - 1917)
Henry Wiley Sanders

Birth:  Apr. 25, 1861

Henderson County
Death:  1909
Leon County

Probably born in Brownsboro in Henderson County just after his parents moved from Oak Cliff in Dallas County. Later they moved to Ben Wheeler in Van Zandt County where they remained the rest of their lives.

Henry Wiley Sanders is believed to have died about 1909 in Leon County, Texas but this is not certain. In 1900 he was living in Pottawatomie County, Oklahoma.

He married Laura L. Gilmore on April 28, 1887 in Van Zandt County, Texas. She died about 1905.
Levi Lindsey Sanders (1837 - 1917)
Susanne Collins Sanders (1842 - 1877)
Lorenzo Dow Sanders (1859 - 1897)
Henry Wiley Sanders (1861 - 1909)
Emma Sanders Craft (1865 - 1942)
Linnie Ross Sanders Wallace (1866 - 1953)
Benjamin Franklin Sanders (1868 - 1943)
Aaron Josiah Sanders (1870 - 1892)
Dewlly Leonidas Sanders (1871 - 1959)
M Alaphani Sanders Sharp (1873 - 1952)
Levi Simeon Sanders (1874 - 1882)
James Fountain Sanders (1876 - 1951)
Morgan Gurley Sanders (1878 - 1956)


Isaac Sanders 

Birth:  between 1760-1770

North Carolina, USA
Death:  1848-1850
Leake County
Mississippi, USA 

Whether this Isaac Sanders is related to the Sanders of Randolph and Montgomery has not been determined. The exact years of his birth and death are unknown.

Marriages and Deaths from Mississippi Newspapers 1801-1850, vol. 2; Betty Wiltshire; 1989 relates that "Married in Leake Co. by S.S. Pender, Esq.; Dec. 29, 1843; Isaac Sanders, Revolutionary soldier, aged 95, to Miss Mary Eerson, aged 23 years. From the Jefferson Democrat (Macon, Miss.) Jan. 27, 1844."

Marriages and Deaths from Mississippi Newspapers 1813-1850, vol. 3, relates that "Married in Leake Co. on the 29th of December last by S.S. Pender, esq.: Mr. Isaac Sanders to Miss Nancy Ellison, the former a Revolutionary soldier, 95 years old, the latter 25 years old, all of Leake Co. From The Southron (Jackson, Miss.) Jan. 10, 1844."

Whether he was a Revolutionary War veteran is questionable.

Probable children by first wife or wives:
George 1785
Isham about 1790
Travis about 1795
Peter about 1796
Isaac about 1798
Sarah about 1800
Elizabeth about 1802
Reuben about 1806
Aaron 1813
Moses 1813 (Aaron and Moses were twins)
Andrew Jackson 1815

By second wife, Nancy Stapleton Ellison:
Ellender 1844
Charlotte 1846
Greenbury 1848

Nancy Stapleton Sanders Crowell (1825-1910)

Isaac Sanders

Birth:  Dec. 8, 1840
Jackson County
Death:  Jan. 10, 1862
Enl 21Oct1861 at Ft Smith, AR. Died 10Jan1862


Montgomery County Hunters
Company F, 4th Arkansas Infantry
They Never Came Back

Muster Roll of Co.F, 4th Inf.

Company F was enrolled at Mt Ida, a village in the hills of Montgomery County, Arkansas. These men marched out of Mt Ida July 17th, 1861 as towns people played homemade drums and fifes. They had no idea the war would last as long as it did and take such a large toll of their lives. Their baggage consisted of homemade quilts, pots and pans and an assortment of rifles, mostly flintlocks, squirrel guns and a few double barrel shotguns. The supplies being loaded in wagons drawn by teams of oxen.

Isaac was the second son of Isaac Sanders and Elizabeth King and the only one of the five sons living in 1860 who died during the Civil War.

 Isaac Sanders (1817 -about 1885)
 Elizabeth King Sanders (1817-about 1885) 

Joel Sanders

Birth:  1798
Montgomery County
North Carolina
Death:  after 1830

According to Jeanne Suggs Gildea, three children of Joel are named in an 1863 deed in Montgomery County: J.L., A.P., and Green Berry. The deed also mentions that he moved to Georgia.

In 1830, Joel was living in a district east of the Pee Dee and Yadkin River in Montgomery County, North Carolina.
Luke Sanders (1772 - 1863)
Green Berry Sanders (1821 - 1886)

John Ale (Alexander?) Sanders


July 1849

North Carolina


March 28, 1929

Polk County, Arkansas


A Y-DNA test on one of his descendants indicates that he is part of group 17 of the Family Tree Y-DNA Sanders project, the Sanders of Randolph and Montgomery counties of North Carolina, which is my Sanders family group. Before they were in North Carolina, these Sanders lived in Fairfax County, Virginia.

John was born in either July 1848 or July 1849 and the 1880 and 1900 census records indicate he was born in North Carolina. His first documented appearance is on September 28, 1871 in McNairy County, Tennessee, when he married Flora Ann Woods.



Flora Ann Woods

Many family trees at give John’s parents as Joseph Sanders and Ann Meads of Pasquotank County, North Carolina, but I think this theory is highly unlikely. Joseph and Ann had a son named John who was born in 1849 but that son does not appear on the census with his widowed father in 1860 when he would have been ten or eleven years old. He does not appear on the 1870 census with his father, either. It seems likely, therefore, that John, the young son of Joseph and Ann, died between 1850 and 1860. Further, all the other children of Joseph and Ann appear to have lived and died in Pasquotank. I have not found documentary evidence that any of the children of Joseph and Ann moved to another state.

I have searched all the John Sanders that were born in 1848 and 1849 in North Carolina and Tennessee and have been unable to identify any of them as the John who married Flora Ann Woods.

Joseph Sanders

Birth: about 1755 about 1755 in North Carolina (Orange County?)
Death:between March 18, 1803 - 1805 in Randolph County, North Carolina.

Joseph married REBECCA UNKNOWN about 1778 in North Carolina. She was born about 1755 in North Carolina (probably) and died after 1811 in Randolph County, North Carolina. She may have lived until after 1830 if she is the elderly female living with the family of her son George in the 1830 Jackson County, Alabama, census.


i. RACHEL SANDERS, b. 1779, Randolph County, North Carolina; d. Bet. 1851 - 1860, Hempstead County, Arkansas; m. FRANCIS SANDERS, August 21, 1801, Randolph County, North Carolina; b. 1782, Montgomery County, North Carolina; d. Bet. 1857 - 1860, Hempstead County, Arkansas.

ii. MARY SANDERS, b. Abt. 1782, Randolph County, North Carolina; d. Bet. 1830 - 1850, Jackson County, Alabama; m. BENJAMIN SANDERS, Abt. 1803, Montgomery or Randolph County, North Carolina; b. Abt. 1766, Cumberland or Anson County, North Carolina; d. Bet. 1840 - 1850, Jackson County, Alabama.

iii.GEORGE MCGUIRE SANDERS, b. 1784, Randolph County, North Carolina; d. December 22, 1867, Jackson County, Alabama; m. PHEBE SANDERS, 1806, Randolph County, North Carolina; b. 1785, Montgomery County, North Carolina; d. Aft. 1850, Jackson County, Alabama.

iv.JOHN SANDERS , b. 1785, Randolph County, North Carolina;possibly the same John who married RACHEL RANDON, October 23, 1811, Randolph County, North Carolina. John was a witness to a transfer of land by his brother George in the 1830s. His whereabout after that are unknown.

v. SARAH SANDERS RICH, b. June 11, 1787, Randolph County, North Carolina; d. December 26, 1869, Liberty Township, Grant County, Indiana; m. PETER WALL RICH, 1808, Randolph County, North Carolina; b. July 17, 1783, Guilford County, North Carolina; d. December 12, 1872, Liberty Township, Grant County, Indiana.

vi. PHEBE SANDERS SANDERS, b. May 25, 1789, Randolph County, North Carolina; d. Aft. 1830, Lawrence County, Tennessee; m. JESSE SANDERS, Abt. 1806, Randolph County, North Carolina; b. May 17, 1780, Montgomery County, North Carolina; d. Aft. 1839, Lawrence County, Tennessee.

vii. JOSEPH SANDERS, b. 1793, Randolph County, North Carolina; d. April 10, 1863, Mud Creek, Jackson County, Alabama; m. (1) MARTHA SANDERS, August 21, 1809, Randolph County, North Carolina; b. Abt. 1793, Montgomery County, North Carolina; d. Bet. 1834 - 1839, Jackson County, Alabama; m. (2) DEBORAH SAUNDERS, Abt. 1839, Jackson County, Alabama; b. March 07, 1803, Montgomery or Randolph County, North Carolina; d. Abt. 1854, Jackson County, Alabama; m. (3) MAHALA HARPER, November 11, 1860, Jackson County, Alabama; b. September 07, 1818, Tennessee; d. October 29, 1885, Franklin County, Arkansas.

The Joseph Sanders of Randolph County who died in 1803 is believed to be the same Joseph Sanders who served in the Revolutionary War from the Hillsborough District of North Carolina. His descendants are eligible for membership in the Sons of the American Revolution and the daughters of the American Revolution. He joined the army in 1777 was listed as a private in Walker's Company, Colonel James Hogan's 7th regiment, North Carolina Continental Line.

Joseph's will stated that if any of his children had to be apprenticed out that they should be raised by Quakers. Joseph seems to have good relations with the Quakers who lived in northern Randolph County, though it is evident he was not a Quaker himself, as one of his daughters, Sarah,married Peter Rich, a birthright Quaker who was expelled by the Quakers for "marrying out."

In spite of many Internet postings that purport to give his ancestry, the parents of Joseph Sanders of Randolph County are unknown. He was not the son of the John Sanders who died in 1772 in Isle of Wight County, Virginia. That John Sanders had a son named Joseph but the Joseph of Isle of Wight remained in Virginia, dying there about 1814. Nor is there any evidence whatsoever that Joseph Sanders of Randolph County, North Carolina,  was the same person as Joseph Sanders, born March 1, 1759, in Goochland County, Virginia.

DNA tests of the descendants of Joseph Sanders of Randolph County show that he was closely related to William Sanders (1740-1789) of Chatham County, North Carolina. Joseph and William may very well have been brothers. William and Joseph may be sons of the George Sanders who lived in Anson County before it was split among other counties. George was a neighbor to the Reverend Moses Sanders. Both  William and Joseph named one of their sons George. Joseph and William are also shown by Y-DNA tests to be related to the John Saunders/Elizabeth Hancock line of Goochland County, Virginia. The Joseph Saunders born on March 1, 1759 to John and Elizabeth was probably a cousin or nephew to Joseph of Randolph.

Joseph was not related to the Isaac Sanders line of Randolph even though most of his children married children or grandchildren of Isaac. The DNA tests also show that Joseph and William were not related to the descendants of John Sanders of Nansemond and Isle of Wight, contrary to what is given in many family trees on the Internet.

The maiden name of Joseph's wife Rebecca is also unknown. There is no documentation whatsoever that her maiden name was Watson or that she was the daughter of Charles Watson and Sarah Beckworth who married in 1764 in Edgecombe County. In fact, there seems to be no evidence at all that Charles and Sarah had a daughter named Rebecca and if they did, that daughter would have been too young to have married Joseph Sanders in 1778. Further, the Watson family lived in Edgecombe County, not in Randolph County. That dozens of family trees make the claim that Joseph married Rebecca Watson is not proof of anything. Since one of the sons of Joseph had the middle name of McGuire, I think it is possible that Rebecca's maiden name was McGuire but even this is speculation. We know nothing about the wife of Joseph except that she is mentioned in Joseph's will and in the settlement of his estate in 1811. I think the Watson theory arose when someone came across the legitimate record that a Joseph Sanders married a Rebecca Watson in 1846 in Wilkes County and that person confused the Joseph of Wilkes County with the Joseph who died over forty years previously in Randolph County.

Rebecca may have lived until after 1830. On the 1830 census of Jackson County, Alabama, there is a 70-79 year old female living in the household of George McGuire Sanders. Possibly, this is his mother, Rebecca Sanders.

Family tradition among Joseph's descendants is that the family was of Scottish or Irish ancestry. Joseph himself was probably at least a generation or two removed from the immigrant ancestor.

Levi Lindsey Sanders

Birth:  Feb. 11, 1908
Van Zandt County
Death:  Sep. 22, 1987
Bexar County

Married Mary Barbara Yantz about 1930. Had one known child, Joseph Lindsey Sanders, born 1932 in Henderson County, Texas.

Joseph's mother, now Mary B. Hargis, filed an amended birth certificate in 1952 in Jefferson County, Texas to clarify that the child's name was Joseph Linsey Sanders.
James Fountain Sanders (1876 - 1951)
Maud Mae Buchanan Sanders (1879 - 1953)
 Mary B Hargis (1911 - 1992)
 Levi Lindsey Sanders (1908 - 1987)
 Joseph Buchanan Sanders (1916 - 2009)

Lucinda Sanders Darby

Birth:  1839

Jackson County
Death:  between 1880-1895
Wise County

After her death, her husband John Wesley Darby married Mary J. Nelson.

Benjamin Sanders (1804 - 1866)
Lynna Liney Suggs Sanders (1804 - 1850)
John Wesley "Willie" Darby (1846 - 1914)
Sarah Sanders Saunders (1826 - 1865)
Matilda Carolyn Miller (1828-1912)
Henry L Sanders (1832 - 1862)
Levi Lindsey Sanders (1837 - 1917)
Lucinda J Sanders Darby (1839 - 1881)
Mary Maldira Nancy Louise Sanders Dubois (1844 - 1922)
Paulina Catherin D. Perleene Crews (1846-1903)
Benjamin Sanders (1849 - 1859)
John William Sanders (1853 - 1903)
Frances A Sanders Vessar (1854 - 1930)
Lewis T Sanders (1857 - 1870)
Benjamin Redwine Sanders (1859 - 1939)

Isabel Clementine Sanders Vankirk (1863 - 1917)    

William Sanders

Birth:  1811
Society Hill
Darlington County
South Carolina, USA
Death:  Oct., 1879
Jackson County
Alabama, USA [Edit Dates]

This William Sanders has no known relationship to the Sanders of Randolph and Montgomery. Died between February 11, 1876 - 1880. Probably the William Sanders who died in October 1879, according to the mortality schedules:

U.S. Federal Census Mortality Schedules, 1850-1885
about Wm Sanders Name: Wm Sanders
Gender: Male
Race: White
Marital Status: Single
Place of Birth: Alabama
Estimated Birth Year: abt 1810
Age: 70
Month of Death: Oct
Cause of Death: Congestion
Father's Place of Birth: Virginia
Mother's Place of Birth: Virginia
Census Year: 1880
Census Location: (City, County, State)
Scottsboro, Jackson, Alabama
Enumeration District: 120
Line: 14

Nothing is known of Williams' first wife, Mary, except that the couple had at least one son. William married his second wife, Thersa Gideon on July 3, 1863.

After the Civil War, William asked the U.S. government to compensate him for his losses, as he had remained loyal to the Union.

Testimony relating to William Sanders' claim before the Southern Claims Commission begins on page 566, claim no. 1365 of roll 14, goes through image 620.

Willism stated that he was born at Society Hill in South Carolina.

Sanders Siftings, July 2004, p.2
Quest for Southern Claims. I expected to find some other Sanders among the claimants. After all, many of them fought for the Union, including my g-g-grandfather and his son. Benjamin Van Buren Sanders, my g-grandfather. However. I only found one other Sanders
from Jackson County, and I found no evidence that he was related to "my" Sanders in that county. Here is who I found and what I found about him: WILLIAM SANDERS, aged about 65 years when claim was made 11 Feb 1876. He was bom in South Carolina. Wife's name was Mary and they had a son in the Union Army who enlisted in Tennessee. He had a farm two and a half miles SW of Scottsboro. His wife was dead at the time of the claim. The person who best described what happened to their property when the
Federals arrived was Hannah Young, a Colored woman who gave her age as 120. She explained that the claimant's father got her to live with him in South Carolina after his wife died and he didn't remarry She said that William Sanders (the claimant) was about five or
six years old then and she had lived with the family since. A subsequent check of 1870. 1860. and 1850 census records identified Hannah as Mulatto. On the 1870 census her age was 110. in 1860 she was 65! Could not make out her age in 1850. In 1840 in Jackson County. Hannah is in a category of free colored females 36-55. She was evidently quite elderly in 1876, but probably not 120. What was remarkable was her memory of what happened quite a few years back.

Here are a few friends and neighbors of William Sanders who testified as to his loyalty and provided affidavits:

Calvin Gideon. 29,10 miles west of Scottsboro. Claimant married an aunt of his.
George W Wilhelms, 54, 23 years at present residence, 2 miles SW of Scottsboro; not related; known claimant about 25 years.
ThomasJ.Wood.78. Scottsboro retired merchant. Known claimant about 30 years.
William Simmons. 57. Known claimant 30 years.
Joseph W Burton. 67. Six years in Scottsboro. Known claimant 40 years.

 There are several reasons I think William is not related to my Sanders in Jackson County. Alabama, although I once thought all the Sanders there were related. First, he came from South Carolma, mine came from the Randolph and Montgomery Counties in
North Carolinar. And second, he was not fromthe part of the county where the other Sanders lived. And last, none of the
individuals who provided affidavits here were among those for John Sanders or any of the large number of supporters'
names for Sanders who applied for Union Army pensions, or claims for Indian War bounty land.

From this bit of research I learned that there were "other" Sanders in Jackson County Also, like other genealogy research, I found nice surprises. Hannah Young was one of them. It was a revealing look into families of that time.
article by Donald E. Schaefer, editor.

Thersa Gideon Sanders (1834 - 1864) 

William Patrick Sanders
Birth:  1819
Randolph County
North Carolina
Death:   after 1863
Montgomery County

William Patrick Saunders maried Ellender Southerland in Marshall County, Alabama, on March 9, 1843. He and his family moved to Arkansas in 1851 with his parents, Francis and Rachel Sanders, and with his sister, Mary Jane Sanders and her husband, James Jones Biddy.

William Patrick bought land in Pike County, Arkansas. The Civil War had a very disruptive effect on his family, as shown from the following testimony of one of his sons:

Affidavit from 5 April 1900:

In the matter of pension claim of Green Sanders, comes Green Sanders and on oath swears he is 54 years of age, a resident of Sebastian Co, Ark. whose post office address is Hackett, Ark. I was just a boy at the breaking out of the late war, and when they came to force my father out in the confederate service, he (my father) let us two boys go, instead of him, as our mother was dead and my father did not want to leave the little children at home and no one to see for them. My father was a union man at all times, and died a unionman. All his family are union men. Given under my hand and seal this 5th day of April 1900. Green Sanders.

William Patrick Sanders joined the Union cavalry in 1863 and there are no records of him after that. We do not know the exact date of his death.
 Francis Sanders (1782 - 1860)
 Rachel Sanders Sanders (1779 - 1855) 

Ellender Southerland (about 1820-between 1850-1860)

William Walter Sanders

Birth:  1815
Randolph County
North Carolina
Death:  1870
Marion County

The middle name of "Walter" has not been confirmed by any document. His death date is not certain, but he does not appear on the 1870 census and was probably dead before then.

William Sanders applied for bounty land on September 11, 1850, from Yellville, Marion County, Arkansas, based on his volunteering for Captain Witt's Battalion at Jackson County, Alabama in September 1836 of 12 months service in the Seminole Indian War.

To all whom it may concern. Know ye, that William Sanders, a private of Capt. Charles Witt Company, in the Battalion of Jackson County Mounted Volunteers, commanded by Lieut Col. David Cawlfield, mustered intot he service of the Uniteds States at Claysville, Alabama, September 8, 1836, for a term of twelve months, and being now mustered for discharge, by order of Maj. Gen. Th. S. Jessup, commanding the Army of the South, is hereby honorably discharged from the said service, at Bellefonte, Alabama, this eleventh day of September 1837. Signed S. Churchile(?), Maj. Art. * Ins. Gen Army of the South.

State of Arkansas
County of Marion

On the 23rd day of August, 1850, personally appeared before me the undersigned, a justice of the peace for the township of Union in the county and state above mentioned, William Sanders, who being duly sworn according to law, declares that he is the identical William Sanders who was a private in the company commanded by Captain Charles Witt in the Battalion of Jackson County mounted volunteers commanded by Lieut. Col. David Cawlfield that he enlisted on the 8th of September 1836 for the term of twelve months and was discharged at Bellefonte, Alabama, on the eleventh day of September, 1837, by reason of the expiration of his service.

Sworn to and subscribed before me day and year above written. Signed William Sanders Thos. F. Austin, J. P.
Joseph Sanders (1793 - 1863)
Martha Sanders (1793-about 1834)


Mariah Bishop (about 1824-about 1856)
Mary Adlin Billingsley Sanders ( 1837-about 1862)
Nancy Emmeline Billingsley Sanders (1838 - 1919)

Deborah Saunders Sanders

Birth:  Mar. 7, 1803
Montgomery County
North Carolina
Death:  about 1854
Jackson County

During the late 1830s, the first wife (Martha) of Joseph Sanders of Jackson County, Alabama, died, and Joseph began seeking a new wife. About 1838, he married Deborah Saunders who was from Montgomery County, North Carolina. One of the descendants of Joseph’s second marriage, Lottie Kingery Hoge, would later write, “I don’t know how she first got acquainted with my Alabama grandfather, Mr. Joseph Sanders, but she went to Alabama and they were married. He was much older than her for he had been married before and had 12 children, most of them grown and married, probably at ages of 14-16. I don’t know when they (Joseph and Deborah) were married but probably about 1838, for their oldest son was born about 1840. That was Uncle Henry.” [quotation from this letter provided by Don Schaefer]

Joseph and Deborah had three children together before she died about 1854.
Henry A. Sanders (1840-1904)
Phebe Emaline Sanders Kingery (1842-1931)
John G. (1845-1914)

Joseph married for the third time on November 11, 1860 to Mahala Harper of Jackson County. The 1860 census lists Joseph as age 67 with personal property worth $1500 and real estate worth $1500. While he was not a wealthy man, these assets were enough to indicate his farm was prosperous by the standards of the time and he was the acknowledged patriarch of the Jackson County Sanders,known to friends and relatives alike as "Uncle Joe."

Jacob Saunders (1760 - 1818)
Mary Sanders (1760 - 1861)
Joseph Sanders (1793 - 1863)

Isaac Saunders
Birth:  1737
Fairfax County
Death:  about 1825
Montgomery County
North Carolina

Family tradition establishs that Isaac Saunders, William Aaron Sanders, and Moses Sanders were brothers and that they originally were from Virginia but moved to North Carolina as young men. We now know that they most likely were born in the Fairfax/Loudoun area of Virginia and that they were probably grandsons of Lewis Sanders who came to America from Scotland or Ulster.

The 1737 birth date for Isaac is based on the statement about 1890 of Thomas Bailey Saunders of Texas, a grandson of Isaac's brother William Aaron,  that Isaac was the first man to build a house in North Carolina at the town of Cross Creek, which was established just before 1760. Therefore, the year of 1737 is a guess based on the assumption that Isaac was probably in his early twenties when he moved to North Carolina.The death year of 1825 is based on the statement of Thomas Bailey Saunders that he once met Isaac. Since Thomas Baily Saunders was born in 1816, Isaac must have been living in the mid 1820s.

Nothing else is known of Isaac and his residency in Cross Creek in Cumberland County, North Carolina, until he moved to and bought land in what is now Moore County, North Carolina, about 1780.  By 1782, he is listed on the Montgomery County tax list. He appears in land records of Randolph County in the 1790s and is listed on the 1800 Randolph County census. He granted land to Benjamin Sanders in 1806 and 1808. There are no further documents about him after 1808--just the family tradition that he and his wife survived until the young Thomas Bailey Saunders met him at some point in the 1820s.

The name of Isaac's wife (or wives) is not known. He was certainly married by 1760 when his first son, Jacob, was born.  His last known child, Francis, was born in 1782, and it is possible that Jacob and Francis had different mothers. It does not appear that Isaac had any children after 1782 because there is only one male child, age 16-25 listed in his household in 1800 and that child is probably Francis.

Isaac Saunders of Randolph County, North Carolina is not the same person as the Isaac Sanders of New Kent County, Virginia, who married Mary Miles. The Isaac Sanders in New Kent County never left Virginia and had children with different names from those of the Isaac in  North Carolina.

Known children of Isaac Saunders of Randolph County:

Jacob Saunders (1760 - 1818). Jacob  is not mentioned by name in the letter written in the 1890s by Isaac's grand nephew, Thomas Bailey Saunders, but Jacob's descendants are referenced in the letter in such a way that that the only possible intepretation leads to Isaac as the father of Jacob. I have more detail about this in my article on the Thomas Bailey Saunders letter.

Jesse Sanders  (1773-1848). A Y-DNA test of a descendant of Jesse Sanders of Moore County, North Carolina indicates that Jesse's descendants are part of the Sanders of Randolph and Montgomery line. There is no direct proof that Jesse was the son of Isaac but Isaac in 1780 was living near the area where Jesse would later own land in Moore County. I have more about this in my article on Jesse Sanders of Moore County.

Benjamin Sanders (1766 - 1849). Isaac transferred land to Benjamin in 1806 and 1808. One of the transfers was of land where Isaac had his own residence, and  Isaac's advancing age may have been the motivation to give his son control of the property. Further, the Thomas Bailey Saunders letter from the 1890s states that Jacob had a brother named "Ben." 

Francis Sanders (1782 - 1860). Thomas Bailey Saunders also stated that Jacob (who was not named directly but referred to only as "your grandfather" ) and Ben had another brother named "Joe."  I believe this was an error and that Thomas Bailey Saunders was actually referring to Joseph Sanders, who was not  Ben's brother but his brother-in-law (husband of Rachel, the sister of Ben's wife, Mary). I think that Ben's brother was actually Francis Sanders.  Francis was born in 1782 and he appears to be the 16-25 year old in Isaac's household in 1800.  Ben and Francis moved to Jackson County, Alabama, in the 1830s. A family tradition passed down in the family of  Greenville Sanders (1845-1914, grandson of Francis) and his wife Sarah Jane Sanders (1846-1927, granddaughter of Benjamin) is that the couple were double cousins, thus implying that Francis and Ben were brothers.

There are several other people who could have been children of Isaac but only Jacob, Benjamin, Jesse, and Francis have adequate documentation.

Other possible children:

Mary Katherine Sanders Suggs (1767-1809). In the 1790s George Suggs and Isaac Saunders were adjacent property owners, and the Suggs family was closely associated with the Sanders family for several generations. Isaac's grandson, Benjamin Sanders (1804-1866) married Liney Suggs. Still, we have no  specific documentation that Mary Katherine was the daughter of Isaac.

Isaac Sanders (about 1763-about 1847). This is the Isaac Sanders who died in Leake County, Mississippi. We know that this Isaac belongs to the Sanders of Randolph and Montgomery group because of Y-DNA tests on a descendant of his son Aaron (1813-1881). He appears to have been the same person as the Isaac Sanders who lived in Franklin County, Georgia about 1800, at the same time that the elder Isaac's brother, the Reverend Moses Sanders, was living in Franklin County. Since this Isaac was not the son of Moses (we know that from Moses' will) and was not the son of Moses' brother Francis (who was also living in Franklin County), one possibility is that Isaac was the nephew of the Reverend Moses Sanders and a son of the Isaac in Randolph County, North Carolina. We know so little about the life of this Isaac as a young man, however, that it is probably best to withhold judgment about his parents.

Jacob Saunders

Birth: 1760
Cross Creek
Cumberland County
North Carolina, USA
Death: about 1817
Montgomery County
North Carolina, USA 

Jacob Saunders was born about 1760. We do not know the exact year but since he had a son who was born in the year 1780, he was probably at least nineteen years old when he married.

That his father was named Isaac Saunders is known from a letter written in the 1890s by Jacob’s first cousin once removed, Thomas Bailey Saunders, to one of Jacob’s grandsons, Elkanah Shuford Saunders. Thomas Bailey Saunders was born in 1817 and stated that as a child he had once met his very elderly great uncle, Isaac, who must have been in his late eighties at the time.

In the same letter, we are informed that Isaac was the “first man to ever build a house on Cross Creek below Fayetteville.” Since the village of Cross Creek was founded about 1757,  Isaac's son Jacob was probably born near Cross Creek, which is in Cumberland County.

By 1780 Isaac had moved his family to the area of Cumberland County that would later become Moore County. He owned a grist mill there but sold the land shortly thereafter and by 1782 he appears on the tax rolls of Montgomery County, where his brothers, the Reverend Moses Sanders and William Aaron Saunders,had owned land since the early 1770s. By the 1790s Isaac had moved to Randolph County where he is enumerated on the 1800 census. As in Moore County, he built a grist mill in Randolph County. 

Jacob, apparently remained  in Montgomery County after his father moved to Randolph, though Jacob may also have have lived in Randolph County for a while. In 1779 Jacob married a  young woman named Mary and they had at least eleven children. Mary's maiden name is unknown but the 1850 and 1860 census states that she was born in North Carolina.

Jacob was a skilled carpenter, woodworker, and cabinet maker who made hope chests for each of his daughters. One of these hope chests is still in the possession of one of his descendants; at least this was reported to be the case in the 1970s. A peaked cupboard believed to have been designed by Jacob or craftsmen working under his direction is on display at the Old Salem Museum and Gardens in Winston, Salem, North Carolina.

Joe Thompson of Raleigh, North Carolina, a descendant of Jacob’s uncle, William Aaron Saunders, has done extensive work on the land records of northern Montgomery County where the Sanders family lived during and after the American Revolution. His work gives us the locations of the tracts of land owned by Jacob Saunders:

“I have copies from North Carolina land grant file warrant 6770. One document is an order to survey 100 acres for Jacob Sanders adjoining his own land, Steeds, and John Neals and is dated 10th November 1810. There is a survey in the noted to be "Survey for the Heirs of Jacob Sanders, the 10th of November, 1820.I have copies from warrant 7700 with an order to survey for Jacob Sanders dated 9th day of July,1817 and a survey dated the 9th of September for Jacob Sanders.Based on these documents, I think it is safe to assume Jacob died between September 1817 and November 1820. These files are in the NC Archives.”

Here are some of the tracts that Jacob owned near the village of Immer in  northeast Montgomery County:

Tract 10—Jacob Saunders land grant in 1808. It was adjoining the land of  Jacob's aunt, the widow Joanah Bailey Saunders. It was to the north of Horseshoe Bend Road and Lovejoy Road.

Tract 11 was entered about 1810 and was surveyed for the heirs of Jacob Sanders in 1820.  It was surveyed in 1851 and granted to Allen H. Bean who married Jacob’s granddaughter, Elizabeth Saunders, daughter of Jacob’s son Henry.

Tract 9  surveyed in 1817,  the southwest corner adjoined the land of Jacob’s son Jesse.

As Joe Thompson explains, the date of the grant from the state is not always the date the land was first acquired. Often, land owners granted land to heirs without requesting a patent from the state. It is therefore somewhat difficult to assess the extent of Jacob's land holdings during his lifetime.

An 1830 deed  concerning a division of land among the heirs of Jacob and his widow Mary is helpful in identifying the children of Jacob. The following list is based on that deed and other records.

Children of JACOB SAUNDERS and MARY are:

JESSE SANDERS, b. May 17, 1780, Montgomery County, North Carolina; d. Aft. 1839, Lawrence County, Tennessee.

PHEBE SANDERS, b. 1785, Montgomery County, North Carolina; d. Bet. 1850 - 1860, Jackson County, Alabama.

ISRAEL SAUNDERS, b. 1788, Montgomery County, North Carolina; d. Bet. 1860 - 1870, Randolph County, North Carolina.

ANNA SAUNDERS, b. Abt. 1790, Montgomery County, North Carolina; d. Aft. 1830.

MARGARET PEGGY SAUNDERS, b. Abt. 1794, Montgomery County, North Carolina; d. Bet. 1870 - 1877, Montgomery County, North Carolina.

JACOB L SAUNDERS, b. Abt. 1796, Montgomery County, North Carolina; d. February 17, 1864, Montgomery County, North Carolina.

REBECCA SAUNDERS, b. Abt. 1798, Montgomery County, North Carolina; d. Aft. 1830; m. THOMAS ADAMS, August 15, 1816, Randolph County, North Carolina; b. Abt. 1795, North Carolina.

SAMPSON SAUNDERS, b. January 17, 1801, Randolph County, North Carolina; d. July 15, 1864, Montgomery County , North Carolina.

DEBORAH SAUNDERS, b. March 07, 1803, Montgomery or Randolph County, North Carolina; d. Abt. 1854, Jackson County, Alabama.

MARY SAUNDERS, b. Abt. 1805, Montgomery or Randolph County, North Carolina.

HENRY SAUNDERS, b. Abt. 1808, Montgomery or Randolph County, North Carolina; d. Aft. 1885, Montgomery County,  North Carolina.

Jacob Saunders of Montgomery County should not be confused with the Jacob Saunders of Rowan County who married Lidiah Lunsford. That Jacob had a different wife and different children and lived in a different county.

A tombstone marker for  Jacob has not been found, but the burial site is believed to be in an abandoned family cemetery on one of the original Jacob Saunders land grants which consisted of sites within the area now bounded by Horseshoe Bend Road, Lovejoy Road, and Flint Hill Road in northeast Montgomery County.

Isaac Saunders (1737 - 1825) 

Jacob L. Saunders

Birth:  1797
Montgomery County
North Carolina
Death:  Feb. 17, 1864
Montgomery County
North Carolina

Jacob L. Saunders was the son of an earlier Jacob Saunders and the grandson of Isaac Saunders. He was a carpenter by profession. He and his wife, Bethana Leah, had a least five children. Although Jacob lived in Randolph County, he was probably working for and living with the family of Pleasnt Simmons when the tragic event described below occurred. 

The Carolina Watchman, March 3, 1864, v. 21, issue 42. 

The following letter from Randolph county will give some idea of the mischief which the Agitators in North Carolina are producing. And this will be but the beginning if stern and prompt measures be not taken to arrest the devils. We call the attention of the Confederate and State authorities to the enormities and outrages reported by our correspondent: 

Randolph Co., Feb. 22, 1864. 

Messrs. Editors: On last Wednesday, the 17th, several deserters went to the house of Mr. Pleasant Simons, of Montgomery county. Some four of them entered his house after the family had retired to bed and demanded bacon of him. He concluded to give them some and ordered his daughter to get it. She brought them two hams: they said that would not do, they must have more. They then went to the smoke house, broke the door open and begun to cut down the meat; when an acquaintance, Mr. Jacob Sanders who was lodging with Mr. Simmons that night, got up and went out to them, with Mr. Simons. The deserters ordered them back to the house, or they would shoot them. They went back but Mr. Sanders got a gun and repeater from Mr. Simons and went out armed, when the wretches fired on them, killing Mr. Sanders and mortally wounding Mr. Simons. Mr. Sanders fired twice or three times before he expired, and it is believed he killed the noted Bill Owens, and probably one other. Mr. Sanders died in fifteen minutes; Mr. Simons survived some twenty four hours. 

Mrs. Simons came out of the house to her husband, when the devils ordered her back in the house or they would put lead in her; that they had sent their sons to war and they were all a d—d set of secessionists, and took up a rock to put an end to Mr. Simons, as they said he was not quite dead. His daughter interceded and they left to take off their wounded or dead. Six or eight balls went through the dwelling house door. The yard was strewn with human gore; it stood in some places in puddles, where the men lay. 

I attended the funeral of my friend Mr. Simons, who was a very respectable citizen, as was also Mr. Jacob Saunders—both men over 60 years of age, and leave families, having sons in our army. 

Only a few days previous, a Mr. Cagel was shot in the same neighborhood, but not mortally. Can nothing be done to put a stop to those acts of murder and treason?

Jacob Saunders (1760-1817)
Mary Sanders (1760-about 1861)

Betheana Leah (1799-after 1860)

Mary Saunders

Birth: 1760
Anson County
North Carolina, USA
Death: 1861
Montgomery County
North Carolina, USA 

Mary married Jacob Saunders in 1779. We can be pretty sure of that year because their first child was born in 1780.

We do not know the exact year of either Jacob or Mary’s birth but 1760 may be a reasonable guess. Mary outlived Jacob by over forty years and appears on the 1850 and 1860 census. In 1850 she is listed as 90 years old and in 1860 she is listed as 105 years old, which would make her birth year 1755. Yet we know it is virtually impossible for her to have been born before 1760 because her last child was born in 1808 and even 1760 seems to stretch the limits because that would make her at least forty-eight at the birth of her last child.I think we can safely assume she was born between 1760 and 1765 and that she died in 1861 or later but we may never know her exact age at her death.

Family tradition is that she was 106 years old when she died, but that seems highly unlikely. That tradition goes back at least to 1918 when it was mentioned in a letter written by a family member.If Mary was claiming that she was 105 years old at the time of the 1860 census, or if the family at that time assumed that was her age, and she died the following year, we may have an explanation for that tradition mentioned in the 1918 letter. It seems evident, however, that she could not have been older than 100 in 1860 and she may have been a few years younger. Still, she was very old in 1860 and thus her nickname among the younger generations "Old Mary."

There is no family tradition about her maiden name. About twenty-five years ago, in the 1990s, the suggestion was made that Mary who married Jacob Saunders was the same person as Mary Hamilton, daughter of Joseph Hamilton of Brunswick County, Virginia. This theory was based on both women having the given name of Mary and the knowledge that some of Joseph Hamilton’s children are known to have moved to Montgomery County, North Carolina. What we know of the life of Mary, the wife of Jacob, however, doesn’t support this theory of her maiden name. When Mary and Jacob married in 1779, she could not have been older than nineteen years old. She was probably living with her parents in Montgomery County, North Carolina. The 1850 and 1860 census indicate  a North Carolina birth place for the wife of Jacob, but Mary Hamilton, the daughter of Joseph, was born in Virginia. Further, the Mary Hamilton who was the daughter of Joseph Hamilton was living in Brunswick County with her parents in the 1760s at the same time the Reverend Moses Sanders was in the Halifax/Brunswick area of Virginia. There is firm family tradition that goes back early 1800s that Jacob's uncle, the Reverend Moses Sanders, married a Mary Hamilton in Virginia and the most likely Mary Hamilton for him to have married was the Mary Hamilton who lived near him in Brunswick/Halifax. For the theory that Jacob Saunders married Mary Hamilton of Brunswick to work, we would have to assume a teenage Mary Hamilton left her parents in Brunswick, Virginia, and moved in 1779 two hundred miles across the Virginia/North Carolina  boundary line to marry Jacob Sanders of Montgomery County, North Carolina, and that there was another, unknown Mary Hamilton in Brunswick/Halifax area of Virginia for the Reverend Moses to marry. It is just simpler to accept that we do not know the maiden name of Jacob Saunders' wife.

As with her husband Jacob,  no tombstone marker has been found for Mary, but the burial site is believed to be on one of the original Jacob Saunders land grants which consisted of sites within the area now bounded by Horseshoe Bend Road, Lovejoy Road, and Flint Hill Road in northeast Montgomery County.

Nimrod Saunders

Birth:  1780
Montgomery County
North Carolina
Death:  1860
Cherokee County

According to an old family tradition, Nimrod was nine years old at the time the American Revolution began, but census records indicate he was born about 1780, which would make him nine years old at the time of the adoption of the constitution and the inauguration of George Washington in 1789. His father, William Aaron Saunders, died when he was about two years old and his mother, Joan Bailey Saunders, lived until about 1810. According to family tradition, Nimrod's brothers and sisters were Stephen, Luke, and Sarah.

Nimrod operated a grist mill in Montgomery County, North Carolina and was known as "Honest Rod." He and his wife, Mary Elizabeth Ricketts, had fifteen children. Their names and dates of birth are known through the Davis family Bible. In the 1830s, Nimrod and his wife and many of their children moved to Georgia and then to Cherokee County, Alabama. He and Mary Elizabeth were still living there in 1860 and they probably died in that county. Their burial place is unknown.

The children of Nimrod Saunders and Mary Elizabeth Ricketts are as follows:

i. SARAH5 SAUNDERS, b. December 21, 1803, Montgomery County, North Carolina; m. MOORE GRAVES; b. Abt. 1800, North Carolina.
ii. TABITHA SAUNDERS, b. July 21, 1806, Montgomery County, North Carolina; d. January 15, 1892, Etowah County, Alabama.
iii. NATHAN D. C. SAUNDERS, b. May 27, 1808, Montgomery County, North Carolina; d. June 23, 1832, North Carolina.
iv. AARON SAUNDERS, b. May 04, 1810, Montgomery County, North Carolina; d. 1862.
v. STEPHEN C. SANDERS, b. March 28, 1812, Montgomery County, North Carolina; d. March 22, 1894, Prairie Grove, Washington County, Arkansas.
vi. POLLY MARY SAUNDERS, b. February 28, 1814, Montgomery County, North Carolina; d. Aft. 1870, Montgomery County, North Carolina.
vii. PALLY (TWIN) SAUNDERS, b. February 28, 1814, Montgomery County, North Carolina; d. Aft. 1880, Marshall County, Alabama.
viii. THOMAS BAILEY I SAUNDERS, b. October 09, 1816, Montgomery County, North Carolina; d. May 26, 1902, Saunders Station, Bexar County, Texas.
ix. INFANT SAUNDERS, b. 1818, Montgomery County, North Carolina.
x. JOANNA SAUNDERS, b. July 08, 1820, Montgomery County, North Carolina; d. October 03, 1879, Etowah County, Alabama.
xi. JACKSON SAUNDERS, b. August 21, 1822, Montgomery County, North Carolina; d. September 21, year of death not certain, after 1860.
xii. HARRIS SANDERS, b. March 23, 1824, Montgomery County, North Carolina; d. February 21, 1917, Blue Mountain, Tippah County, Mississippi.
xiii. LUKE SANDERS, b. August 26, 1826, Montgomery County, North Carolina; d. April 10, 1893, Eden, Concho County, Texas.
xiv. AGNES SAUNDERS, b. June 03, 1828, Montgomery County, North Carolina; d. 1900; m. JACOB HOOPER; b. 1827, North Carolina; d. Unknown.
xv. ALLEN SAUNDERS, b. November 11, 1829, Montgomery County, North Carolina; m. FRANCES GIBSON, September 30, 1852, Dekalb County, Alabama.

William Aaron Saunders (1735 - 1782)
Joan Bailey Saunders (1745-about 1810)

Sampson Saunders

Birth:  Jan. 17, 1801
Randolph County
North Carolina
Death:  Jun. 15, 1864
Montgomery County
North Carolina

Jacob Saunders (1760-1817)
Mary Sanders (1760-about 1861)

Note: Per e-mail from Geneva Sanders Cervantes: "Sampson and Rhoda Redwine Sanders are buried in Montgomery County, North Carolina, not far from their home." 

William Aaron Saunders

Birth:  1735
Stafford County(probably)
Death:  Nov., 1782
Montgomery County
North Carolina, USA 

 He is known as "William Aaron" in family tradition, but all known contemporary records refer to him only by his middle name of Aaron. Although family tradition is that he served in the Revolutionary War as a captain, no record of his service in any capacity has ever been found. There was a William Saunders who was a documented captain in the Revolutionary War but that soldier was from another Sanders line.

 From Web site: 

Obtained from Roland Jary, January 13, 1999:

"This is a copy of a handwritten letter form T. B. Saunders, (born in 1816, Fayetteville N.Carolina, married in Alabama-moved to Mississippi, then to Texas. Died 1902, buried Saunders, Texas.) to a nephew, who had inquired about his name and ancestral background. The date when the letter was written is unknown-but judged to be in the late 1890's. It no-doubt contains some humor fiction regarding one of the original brother emigrants to America dropping the "U" out of his name. Also having his grandfather die on the battlefield probably sounded a lot more exciting than dying form old age.The original letter is so worn and yellowed - as well as torn - that it would be hard to photostat, so the following typewritten copy will have to suffice." Signed, T. B. Saunders III, April 1972


There were two Saunders brothers who came from England long before the Revolutionary war. At that time the Pirates were very bad on the North Carolina coast. The governor of N.Carolina outfitted a vessel to catch them, and in making up the crew he took one of these brothers, and they caught old Black Bear the pirate and hung him to the mast arm. The crew got a good deal of money, and when that brother came back he left the U out of his name. This the reason so many spell their names Sanders.

My grandfather married in Virginia. My grandmother's name was Joan Bailey, of the famous old family of Virginia. My grandfather was killed in a fight with the Tories. His brother, Issac, which is your great grandfather, was the first man that ever built a house on Cross creek below Fayettville. And another brother by the name of Moses was a Baptist preacher and they had one sister. I have seen her myself. She married a man by the name of Hamilton. I have seen your great grandfather and his wife, and they were very old then.

Your grandfather had two brothers, Ben and Joe, they moved to Alabama and their families are there yet. I saw an old lady in New
Orleans a few years ago, she was a Saunders and she told me the same story about the Saunders. I have told you all about the old generation that I know and will now tell you about the new. In the first place, brother Steven has two daughters in west Texas and two sons in Oklahoma, all rest are dead. Brother Luke has two daughters in west Texas, all rest are dead. Sister Pallie has one daughter in Okla. four daughters and one son in Alabama. Sister Tibitha, her children are all dead.

Sister Joan has three children in Alabama. Sister Agnes has five children, three in Texas, and others in Alabama. Brother Harris has two daughters in northern Texas, and rest in Mississippi. All are doing well. Brother Jack has six children and the widow and all the children are living in Alabama. Bro. Harris and I are only two living of the old family. I don't know where sister Sallie's children are. I don't know where bro. Allen''s children are either. I have ten children, Matt, Bill, George, John, Jan, Allen (he is dead), Nancy, ann, Mary and Pallie.
Your Uncle,
T. B. Saunders

The preceding letter was written, probably in the 1890s, by Thomas Bailey Saunders of Texas to his nephew Elkanah Shuford Sanders of Cumberland County, North Carolina. 

There are several records of Aaron Sanders and his brother, the Reverend Moses Sanders, having received land grants in the 1770s. Aaron died before November 1782 when his estate was administered. Details about the administration of the estate are unknown.
His widow, Joan (or Joanah) Bailey Saunders, survived for many years after the death of her husband and may have been alive as late as 1810.

Joan Bailey Saunders (1745-about 1810)

Mary Elizabeth Shelton Sanders

Birth:  Nov. 28, 1841
Jackson County
Death:  Apr. 31, 1901
Montgomery County

Mary Elizabeth Shelton married Henry A. Sanders about 1862. Their first and only child, John William Sanders, was born March 7, 1863.

Henry is decribed in family tradition as a "red headed Irishman." He served bravely in the Union Army during the Civil War. From Don Schaefer: "Served as private in Company B, 18th Regiment of Ohio Volunteers from 5 Jul 1862 to 14 Jun 1865. He was wounded at the Battle of Nashville. Gunshot wound, right shoulder, same as that of his brother John G. Sanders in the same battle."

According to family tradition, when he returned from the war and saw that Mary Elizabeth had a baby, he claimed the child was not his. Mary Elizabeth raised the child, John William Sanders, by herself. Henry married two more times.

"Divorced Mary E. Shelton, his first wife, 16 June, 1871 --four years after he married his second wife, Frances J. Hankins. Information on children and marriages taken from Civil War pension records, except for marriage date with Frances Hankins, which was recorded in Jackson County, Ala.He married Frances Hankins a second time, 3 Apr 1872. He married Susan E. (Hankins) Worthen, who was a widow of John Henderson Worthen, on 13 Oct 1880.She had eight children by John Henderson Worthen, probably seven living when she married Henry A. Sanders." (from Don Schaefer.)

Henry's second wife, Frances J. Allen Hankins, died in 1879. Henry and Frances had six children. Henry' third marriage, to Susanna Elizabeth Hankins Worthen, lasted until his death on July 13, 1904. By his third wife, Henry had two children,George Franklin Sanders (1881) and Thomas Jackson Sanders (1882).

Mary Elizabeth Shelton Sanders never remarried. At the time of the 1870 census she was living with her mother, Mahala Harper Shelton Sanders in Jackson County, Alabama. She later moved to Montgomery County, Arkansas, and died there in 1908. Her mother had married Henry A. Sanders' father, Joseph, in 1860, which made Henry A. and Mary Elizabeth step-brother and step-sister, but they were both adults by the time of Joseph's marriage to her mother.

Nathaniel Shelton (1806 - 1855)
Mahala Harper Sanders (1818 - 1885)
Henry Sanders (1840 - 1940)
John William Sanders (1863 - 1905) 

William Claude Stalter

Birth:  May 21, 1890
Henderson County
Death:  Apr. 15, 1938
Los Angeles County

His first wife was Lucy Mae Gurnsey. They married in 1915. She died in 1931 and he maried Myrtle Miller Burton Harrell Carlisle on June 9, 1932. Family tradition is that he also married Ginger Harrison, but if so, that marriage must have occurred between 1910 and 1915.

In March 1938, he went to Los Angeles California to visit a son and about three weeks later, he lost both legs in a tragic accident at a railroad station. He died in a Los Angeles hospital as a result of his injuries. 

David Stalter (1833-1900)
Jeanette Browning Stalter (1833-after 1910)

 Lucy Mae Gurnsey Stalter (1891 - 1931)
 Myrtle Maggie Burton Miller Stalter (1886 - 1959)

Nancy Stapleton Ellison Crowell

Birth:  between 1818-1825
Death:  1900-1910
Ouachita Parish
Joyce P. Hervey, Just Folk: The Crowell Family, published 1984, revised 2000, for web publication



Nancy Stapleton/Crowell was born about 1820 in Mississippi. The various census records differed widely in her reported birth year, ranging from 1818 to 1825. She was living with David Stapleton in 1850. (The 1850 census did not name the relationships of the people in the invididual homes, so it is unclear what was Nancy's relationship to David Stapleton. Other evidence seems to support them being relatives rather than husband and wife.) Nancy began using the surname of Crowell about 1860-1870.

Nancy's parents were from Mississippi, according to the census. She may have been connected to Stephen Stapleton, who lived in Covington and Attala counties, Mississippi in 1830 and 1840. More information on the Stapleton family can be found further on in this chapter.

By 1850, when Nancy was about 30 years old, she had moved to Jackson Parish, Louisiana and was listed on the census in the household of David Stapleton. There were four children living with them: Mary J. Elison, age 11; Elender Sanders, age 6; Shorlotter Sanders, age 4; and Greenbury Sanders, age 2. (Only two of these children, Mary Jane and Elender, who was later known as Ellen, are remembered by descendants of the family as having been children of Nancy's.)

Ten years later, in 1860, Nancy's household had completely changed. David Stapleton, Mary J. Elison, and the Sanders children were no longer living with her. Nancy, now about 41 years old, was head of a household of four boys: Laden Stapleton, age 6; Stephen Stapleton, age 4; Warren Stapleton, age 2; and Pinkney Stapleton, age 1. She later had two more sons, Clinton and Leroy, who were born in late 1860 and in 1862/63. It is likely that John M. Crowell was the natural father of these six boys. The death certificate of William Pinkney Crowell, identified his parents as John Crowell and Nancy __?__.

A different explanation of the relationship of John M. Crowell and Nancy Crowell was offered by Ethel Crowell Parker, a granddaughter of Layton Crowell and great- granddaughter of Nancy Crowell. She wrote, "I was always led to believe that Nancy Stapleton was John M. Crowell's sister, who was a widow with six sons. On the death of her husband, who was in the lumber business, Nancy returned to live with her brother John, who was a man of wealth with a very large plantation who offered to help raise her sons. For a while they kept the name Stapleton but later on John M. Crowell adopted these boys..."

[Another theory of Nancy's origins came from a query to Louisiana Roots, which gave the maiden name and the following information on Nancy:

"Moses Sanders b. 1813 is possibly a descendent of Isaac Sanders. Isaac is a rev war soldier who at the age of 95 married Nancy Ellison age 25 in Leake Co. MS. Nancy appears in the 1850 Jackson Par., LA federal census apparently remarried to David Stapleton. There are also three Sanders children in the household. The marriage of Isaac and Nancy took place on Dec. 29, 1843."]

The truth of the relationship of John M. Crowell and Nancy Crowell will probably never be resolved, due to destruction by fire of most of the early records of Jackson Parish [and the lack of knowledge of them through family records].

Isaac Sanders (1763-about 1848)
John W M Crowell (1819 - 1862)

Deborah Ann Swaim Sanders

Birth:  1841

Jackson County
Alabama, USA
Death:  May 3, 1860
Montgomery County
Arkansas, USA

Deborah Ann Swaim and  her husband Aaron Benjamin Sanders were second cousins.  They married on April 7, 1859 in Montgomery County, Arkansas. They had only one son who died before he was one month old in the winter of 1859-1860. Deborah herself died later in the spring and Aaron moved back to live with his parents.  He joined the Confederate forces in 1861, served all four years of the conflict, and moved with his parents back to Tishomingo County, Mississippi in the 1860s. He married a second time in 1871.

Aaron Benjamin Sanders (1837 - 1903)*

Michael Swaim (1807-1860)
Rebecca Sanders (1807-between 1860-1870)

William Isaac Sanders

Birth:  Dec. 29, 1859
Montgomery County
Arkansas, USA
Death:  Jan. 23, 1860
Montgomery County
Arkansas, USA 

Infant son of Aaron Sanders and Rebecca Swaim. William Isaac died in January and his mother died in May. William Isaac was probably named after his grandfather and great grandfather, both named Issac Sanders, and his half great uncle, William Sanders, who also lived in Montgomery County. 

Edmund Walker

Birth:  1833
Death:  May 2, 1864
Spotsylvania County

First name was Edmund, Edmond, or Edward. 

Born in 1832 or 1833 in Alabama/

Married Sarah Jane Mitcham January 17, 1854 in Clarke County, Alabama

Died in Spotsylvania County, Virginia, in skirmish before the Battle of the Wilderness.

His widow's second husband was Andrew Jackson Pickering of Henderson County, Texas.

Sarah Jane Mitcham Walker (1835 - 1915)

S. John Warren
Birth: 1776
June 19, 1863
Itawamaba  County,

Cassandra Gentry (about 1784-about 1817)
Sarah Robinson (about 1804-between 1880-1900)

The Will and Estate Settlement of S. John Warren of Itawamba  County, Mississippi
(Source: "The Warren Family Historian" Volume 6, No. 2; February 1991)

Excerpted by Vicki Hamilton Schmidt, Flower Mound, Texas. Note: Notes in parentheses are clarifications or additions made by Vicki to material found in the probate packet. We thank Vicki for contributing these excerpts from the probate packet, and the transcription of S. John Warren's will, to the "Historian."

Papers in Itawamba County, Mississippi Probate Packet #168 indicate that S. John Warren died 9 September 1863. His Last Will & Testament, dated 22 November 1862, was presented for probate on 30 September 1863. Final settlement of his estate occurred in January 1874.

S. John Warren was married at least twice. The first wife and mother of several, but not all, of his children was Cassie Gentry. According to an article in "The Warren Family Historian," Cassie and John married in Kentrucky. Census records show that their second child, Reuben, was born in Kentucky about 1805, so they probably married between 1800-1803. Census records indicate that S. John was born August, September or early October 1776 in Virginia.

The same article in "The Warren Family Historian" indicates that S. John Warren then married Sarah Robinson in either Alabama or Tennessee.

The following, is The Last Will & Testament of S. John Warren, dated 22 Nov 1862. This will was presented for probate on 30 Sep 1863.


In the name of God Amen
I, S. John Warren of the County of Itawamba and State of Mississippi being of Sound disposing mind memory and understanding and knowing the uncertainty of human life do make this my last will and testament...hereby revoking and making void all other and former wills by me made to wit -

Art. 1st - I direct that my body be decently interred and that my funeral be conducted in a manner to correspond with my age and circumstances in life.

Art. 2 - As to the wordly estate it has pleased God to entrust me with I will and desire that it be disposed of as follows, to wit...

Art. 3 - I direct that my debts and funeral 'expences' to be paid out of the first money which may come into the hands of my executors hereinafter appointed, belonging to my estate as soon after my death as practicable.

Art. 4 - I will and bequeath to my beloved wife Sarah Warren during her natural life, a negro slave named George and his wife Mary and their four children named Reuben and Elizabeth, Jacob and Eli. All my black smith tools...farming tools sufficient to cultivate as much land as will be necessary for the support of herself and her family. Also one yoke of oxen and one wagon, one horse or mare, two cows and calves, ten head of pork hogs, and ten head of stock hogs. Also all the cleared land that may be necessary to cultivate for a support of herself and family, said land to be selected by my said wife. Also all of my household and kitchen furniture. All of said property hereby bequeathed to be owned, enjoyed by my said wife for and during her natural life or widowhood, but after her death or marriage, I direct that my executors take possession of all said property with its increase and dispose of it as the balance of my property hereinafter directed...

Art. 5 - I will bequeath to my children an equal share of my estate and to my grandchildren the distributive share of their mothers or fathers (share) after deducting the amounts which each of my children have received from me as an advance which I charge as follows to wit...

1. Milly Savage - $258.  
2. Reuben Warren - 283.  
3. Charles Warren - 200.  
4. Sarah Guyton - 267.  
5. Cassey Hankins - 158.  
6. Isom J. Warren - 350. 
7. Susanna Barnes - 270.  
8. W.D. Warren - 370. 
9. John F. Warren - 613.  
10. Lucinda Watson - 475.  
11. N.B. Warren - 100.  )
12. Malinda Jones - 140.  
13. G.W. Warren - 100.  
14. Alexander Warren - 100.  
15 Minerva Works--

Art. 6 - I will and direct that all my property both real and personal be taken in hand by my executors and disposed of by them as a majority of them may agree upon...and should they fail to agree then a disinterested free holder may be called in who shall determine the manner of disposing of my said estate.

Art. 7 - I will and direct that if my executors shall sell my said estate and any of my legal heirs shall purchase a larger amount of property than will be due them, that they have five years to pay the overplus provided they secure the payment of the same with good security at legal rate of interest.

Art. 8 - I hereby constitute nominate and appoint Charles Warren, Isom J. Warren, William D. Warren, and N.B. Warren executors to this my last will and testament, hereby enjoining it upon my said executors to see that no one of my said heirs shall have any part of the labor or proceeds of labor of the slaves bequeathed to my said wife until after he death or marriage. In testamony whereof I have hereunto set my hand and seal the 22 day of November AD 1862...

/s/ S John Warren

Signed and sealed in the presence of
Witnesses: William Patton, William H. Moon, Eli Phillips


My fourth great grandfather, S. John Warren, died in June 1863 in Itawamba County, Mississippi. His estate was finally settled in January 1874. I am trying to identify all of the individuals mentioned as heirs in the will or in the estate settlement. I have used the transcription cited above by Vicki Hamilton Schmidt in the “Warren Family Historian,” February 1991.  My comments are in bold print and parentheses below. If anyone has additional information that will help identify any of the individuals whose identity is not certain, please respond. –Gary B. Sanders

From the will of S. John Warren:

Art. 5 - I will bequeath to my children an equal share of my estate and to my grandchildren the distributive share of their mothers or fathers (share) after deducting the amounts which each of my children have received from me as an advance which I charge as follows to wit...

(Children of S. John Warren and his first wife, Cassandra Gentry. All were still alive at the time of the estate settlement in 1874 unless a death date is given.)
1. Milly Savage - $258.  (Emily Milly Warren, wife of Benjamin Savage, appears to have died about 1834.)
2. Reuben Warren - 283. (He died between 1860-1870, possibly on April 26, 1866.)
3. Charles Warren - 200. (Charles M. Warren died June 2, 1869 while crossing a creek.)
4. Sarah Guyton - 267.  (Sarah Jane Warren was the wife of James F. Guyton.)
5. Cassey Hankins - 158.  (Cassandra or Cassie Warren, wife of Stephen Hankins, seems to have died about 1834.)
6. Isom J. Warren - 350.  (Isom J. Gentry Warren)
7. Susanna Barnes - 270.  (Wife of George W. Barnes)

(Children of S. John Warren and Sarah Robinson. All were still alive at the time of the estate settlement unless otherwise indicated.)

8. W.D. Warren - 370.  (William D. Warren)
9. John F. Warren - 613.  (John Franklin “Jack” Warren died between 1870 and the the estate settlement in 1874.)
10. Lucinda Watson - 475.  (Wife of Adam Simon Watson)
11. N.B. Warren - 100.  (Napoleon Bonaparte Warren)
12. Malinda Jones - 140.  (Wife of  Benjamin Franklin Jones)
13. G.W. Warren - 100.  (George Washington Warren died a Union prisoner in Illinois in 1865.)
14. Alexander Warren - 100.  (Alexander Hamilton Warren)
15. Minerva Warren – 70. (Minerva Drucilla Warren was unmarried when S. John Warren died but she married William Alexander Works in 1864.)

The October 1873 Term of chancery court refers to a petition filed by some of the heirs. The petition also names the residences of the descendants. Names and residences of the said descendants:

Alexander Warren, Sarah Guyton, Susannah Barnes, and W.D. Warren, all of Itawamba County, Mississippi. (Alexander Hamilton Warren,1839-1907, son of S. John and Sarah Robinson. Sarah Jane Warren Guyton,born about 1809, daughter of S. John and Cassandra Gentry;married James F. Guyton. Susannah Warren Barnes,born about 1817, daughter of S. John and  Cassandra Gentry;married George W. Barnes. William D. Warren,1826-1903, son of S. John and Sarah Robinson.)

Nancy A. Warren & John E. Warren, minors and residents of Itawamba County, Mississippi. (Nancy A. Warren, born about 1858 and John Edward Warren, born 1860, were the children of George Washington Warren,born about 1840, son of S. John and Sarah Robinson. George Washington Warren’s wife Martha died in 1862 and he died in 1865 in Rock Island, Illinois.)

Malinda Jones, of Cleburne, Texas. (Malinda Warren Jones, 1837-1913, was the daughter of S. John and Sarah Robinson. She married Benjamin Franklin Jones.)

John D. Warren, C.A.J. Warren, N. (Nancy) A. Duncan & husband J.M. Duncan, adults, and I.D. Warren and D.L. Warren, minors, all residents of Hillsboro, Texas. (These individuals are children of Charles D. Warren, son of S. John and Cassandra Gentry. Charles D. Warren drowned in the Mantachee Creek in 1869. The full names of the individuals, so far as I can trace them, are John Dellett Warren, born 1838; Charles A. J. Warren, born 1842;  Narcissa Arminda Warren Duncan, born 1849, and wife of James M. Duncan; Isom Douglas Warren, born 1856; and Dicey Louktty Warren, born 1859.)

A. (Adaline) J. Hartsfield & husband T.J. Hartsfield, C.C. Tatum & husband W. A. Tatum, all residents of Waxahatchie, Texas. (These are also children of Charles D. Warren. Full names are Adaline Jane Warren, born 1844, and wife of Thomas Jacob Hartsfield; Cassie Catherine Warren, born 1847, and wife of William A. Tatom.)

Minerva D. Works & her husband W.A. Works, Lucinda Watson & husband A.S. Watson, residents of Starksville, Texas. (Minerva Drucilla Warren, born about 1843, daughter of S. John Warren and Sarah Robinson married William Alexander Works. Lucinda Warren, born about 1830, another daughter of S. John Warren and Sarah Robertson, married Adam Simon Watson. So far as I can tell, there is no Starksville, Texas. There is a Starkville, Mississippi, of course, but these people apparently did not live there, either. In 1870, Adam Watson and Lucinda Warren Watson were living in Lamar County, Texas. In 1870 Minerva Warren Works was living with her children in Itawamba; her husband may have been in Texas, arranging the move.)

I.D. Warren, resident of Caddo, Arkansas. (I think this is actually Isom J. Gentry Warren, son of S. John Warren and Cassandra Gentry. In 1860 the census shows he was still living in Itawamba County, Mississippi, and by 1880 he and his family were in Wise County, Texas. Possibly, he was living in Arkansas in the early 1870s.)

M.L. Warren & John J. Warren, of age and residents of Starksville, Texas. (Here again, I cannot explain the reference to Starksville, Texas. These are children of John Franklin Warren and Cynthia Jane Holmes. John Franklin Warren was the son of S. John and Sarah Robinson. Apparently, John Franklin Warren died in the early 1870s and his widow and children moved to Polk County, Arkansas. M. L. Warren is Marcus Lafayette Warren, born in 1849. His brother John J. Warren was born about 1850. Both were sons of John Franklin Warren and Cynthia Holmes. By 1880 Marcus Lafayette Warren was in Sebastian County, Arkansas.)

W.N. Warren, William Warren, minors, residents of Starksville, Texas. (W. Napoleon Bonaparte Warren, born about 1854, was another son of John Franklin Warren and Cynthia Holmes. I am unable to identify who “William Warren” was. Perhaps the people who composed the list were not sure of the children’s names and thought that William and W Napoleon Bonaparte Warren were two separate people. Or maybe William was a son who died at an early age. W.N.B. Warren was living in Arkansas in the late 1870 but later moved to Texas.)

Malinda Jane or June? Beek & husband Elijah, residence unknown. (This is another child of John Franklin Warren and Cynthia Holmes. Her given name is not clear but appears in different accounts as Margaret or Martha or Malinda Jane or June Warren. She was born about 1852 and married Elijah Oliver Lije Beck. They lived in Polk County, Arkansas, in the 1870s and later in the Indian Territory.)

F.M. Warren, Alexander Warren, Jr., Sim J. Warren, and Charles Warren, Jr., all minor residents of Starksville, Texas. (These are more sons of John Franklin and Cynthia Holmes: Francis Marion Warren, born 1858; Alexander Warren, born 1863; Charles Warren, born 1865; and “Sim J Warren”  who appears to be their brother Isom Jentry Warren, born about 1856. All four were minors in the early 1870s.  “Sim” may be a nickname for “Isom.” In 1880 Alexander and Charles were living with their mother in Polk County, Arkansas. Isom was married by 1880 and also living in Polk County.)

Isom G. Hankins, Elizabeth Smith & husband Hamilton Smith, and Franklin Hankins, residents of Alabama and post office is Union.Hard to read. Could be "Union", which is in Pickens County, or "Vina", which is in Franklin County. (Isham, or Isom,  Green Hankins, born about 1834, was a son of Cassie Warren and Stephen Hankins. Cassie was a daughter of S. John Warren and Cassandra Gentry. Isham died in 1862. Apparently the people who compiled this list after the death of S. John Warren were unaware of Isham’s death a few years earlier.  Isham’s brother John Franklin Warren, born about 1830, also was dead by the time this list was compiled. Malinda Elizabeth Hankins Smith, born about 1832, was their sister. These families lived in Fayette and Lamar counties in Alabama. I assume from this settlement that Cassie and Stephen may have had only three children and that all his other children were by his second wife, Nancy Burrow.)

Mary Hollis & husband Daniel Hollis, Cassey Savoye, or Savage, and Sallie Savoye of age and who live in Alabama and post office is Beaverton, Alabama. Lamar County, Alabama. (Elizabeth Mary Savage Hollis, born about 1834, was the daughter of Benjamin Savage and Emily Milly Warren, who was a daughter of S. John Warren and Cassandra Gentry.  Elizabeth Mary married  Daniel W. “Red” Hollis. Cassie Savage, born about 1829, and Sally Savage, born about 1832, were sisters of Elizabeth Mary Savage Hollis. Apparently, Cassie and Sarah never married and had no children.  It appears that their mother,Emily Milly Warren Savage, died about 1834 after Elizabeth Mary, Cassie, and Sally were born because her husband Benjamin Savage had a wife named Elizabeth at the time of the 1850 census and none of Benjamin’s children born after 1834 are mentioned as heirs in the settlement. I realize this contradicts many family trees on the Internet, but perhaps others will have further documentation.)

Isaac W. Washburn

Birth:  1836
Fulton County
Death:  between 1870-1900
Jackson County, Alabama or
Marshall County, Indiana

Married Sarah E. Sanders in Jackson County, Alabama, on May 28, 1865.

Sarah was the sister of the Mary Ann Sanders who married Isaac's brother, David McDaniel Washburn.

Isaac and Sarah had at least three children:
John B. Washburn 1866 or 1867
George Washburn 1868
Nancy Washburn 1870

All three were born in Jackson County, Alabama

He had one son by his first wife Hulda Starner:
Jeremiah "Jerry" Washburn, born in 1858 in Indiana.

Sarah Sanders Washburn died in Marshall County in 1915

Jeremiah Washburn (1786 - 1863)
 Nancy McDaniel Washburn (1801- 1863)
 Sarah E. Washburn (1844 - 1915)

Hannah Young

Birth:  1795
North Carolina, USA
Death:  1878
Jackson County
Alabama, USA 

Hannah Young is not related to the Sanders of Randolph and Montgomery. She is included here because of the unusual nature of her story.

Testimony of Hannah Young to the Southern Claims Commision regarding the request of William Sanders for compensation for his losses during the Civil War:

Sanders Siftings, July 2004, p.2
by Donald E. Schaefer:

WILLIAM SANDERS, aged about 65 years when claim was made 11 Feb 1876. He was bom in South Carolina. Wife's name was Mary and they had a son in the Union Army who enlisted in Tennessee. He had a farm two and a half miles SW of Scottsboro. The person who best described what happened to their property when the Federals arrived was Hannah Young, a colored woman who gave her age as 120. She explained that the claimant's father got her to live with him in South Carolina after his wife died and he didn't remarry She said that William Sanders (the claimant) was about five or six years old then and she had lived with the family since. (A subsequent check of 1870. 1860. and 1850 census records identified Hannah as Mulatto. On the 1870 census her age was 110. In 1860 she was 65! I could not make out her age in 1850. In 1840 in Jackson County. Hannah is in a category of free colored females 36-55. She was evidently quite elderly in 1876, but probably not 120. What was remarkable was her memory of what happened quite a few years back. 


Files concerning Sanders genealogy that are available at this Web site:

Moses Sanders of Franklin County, Georgia, who died  29 March 1817 (pdf files of the work of Elden Hurst of Salt Lake City)

The Sanders  Family of Anson/Montgomery County, North Carolina 1757-1810 (an article by Jim Sanders of Ojai, California)

The Sanders of Stafford, Loudoun, and Fairfax in  Virginia 1739-1783 (an article by Jim Sanders)

Eighteenth and Nineteenth Century Montgomery County Original Land Grants (a map by Joe Thompson of Raleigh, North Carolina)

Barbara Radcliffe Rogers' Research on the Descendants of Isaac Sanders (1817-after 1880) and Calvin Newton Sanders (1874-1957)

Sanders Siftings, an exchange of Sanders/Saunders family research
, edited by Don E. Schaefer

Sanders of Old Tishomingo County, Mississippi(John Sanders and Abby Robins, Moses Marion Sanders and Cynthia Bruton)

Biographical Sketches, Sanders of Randolph and Montgomery and related families

Other files, articles, and pictures:  Sanders of Randolph and Montgomery 


Antique map provided by RootsWeb. Graphic design from the freeware collection of Cari Buziak.