Taunton Courier 06 Sep 1916 Somerset Appeal Tribunal More Langport Appeals

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Taunton Courier, Bristol and Exeter Journal and Western Advertiser Wednesday 06 Sep 1916

Page 3 Column 2





Judge the Hon. W. B. LINDLEY presided at Tuesday's sitting of the South-Western Panel of the Somerset Appeal Tribunal. The majority of the cases were from the Langport district. Mr. F. S. COPLESTON was the military representative, and Mr. R. C. C. VERNON, D.S.O., attended for the Board of Agriculture.

THE DULVERTON GRAVE-DIGGER. - The military representative mentioned the case of C. PARKHOUSE, the Dulverton grave-digger, who had been granted exemption, on the application of the Vicar of Dulverton, until September 5th. A friendly society official now came forward, and, professing to be the man's employer, applied alternatively for conditional exemption or an extension of time. He (Mr. COPLESTON) maitained <sic> that the new employer had no locus standi, and that as the last exemption was intended to be final, the application should not be allowed. - The Clerk (Mr. G. I. SIMEY) said the application had not yet been sent in. He had, however, received several letters, and he gave the man very cold comfort, telling him that he could not hold out the slightest hope. - The military representative pointed out that appeals of this sort were very injurious. It seemed that anyone could come forward as an employer, and that applications for exemption could be made indefinitely. - The Clerk: That is settled by the circular which reaches me to-day from the Local Government Board dealing with late applications. Mr. LONG lays particular stress on the point that a late application should not be allowed. - It was ultimately decided that the appeal was in order, and the Chairman directed that the case should be placed in the list before the expiration of the present exemption.



An adjourned case of considerable interest next came before the tribunal. - Frank Willie FOX (27), married, of Yeovil, described as a piano and organ merchant, and minister of the International Bible Students' Association, applied on business grounds, and also as a conscientious objector. Alternatively, he claimed to be excluded from the Act as a minister of the Gospel. The case had been adjourned from time to time pending the decision of the War Office as to the status of elders of the I.B.S.A. This was not forthcoming, but it was stated that an Edinburgh tribunal, in another case, had decided in favour of the British Bible Students' Association. - The Chairman said the Central Tribunal considered that the only ground on which they could grant exemption was if they thought it was in the national interest that a man should be retained in particular religious work. - The Clerk: In this case the man also carries on a secular employment. - The military representative asked that the case might be decided? - The Chairman said if the man was a minister of the Gospel he would be taken out of the Act. They could not decide that point, but they could consider whether, apart from his status as a minister of religion, there was any ground for exemption. As he (Judge LINDLEY) had not heard the case from the outset, he could not adjudicate upon it, or take any part in the decision. - Mr. H. H. SHEPHERD, who was present at the initial proceedings, then questioned the appellant, who said that he had been a member of the I.B.S.A. about seven months, and based his objection to military service on religious grounds. He objected to the use of arms in any dispute, and was not willing to join any branch of military service engaged in the saving of life. He added, “When I became a Christian I realised that warfare was one of the things opposed to my Saviour's teaching. I am a member of the Church of the Living God, whose names are written in Heaven. One of the tenets of the I.B.S.A. is “That no member must engage in any military service.'” - Asked whether he had made any sacrifice because of his conscientious objection, he replied that he had not been called upon to do so. - How long have you held these views? - Twelve years. - Did your parents hold views of this description? - My mother was a Christian for years. - A good many people are Christians who don't hold your views. - My mother always taught me to lead a Christian life, and she did object to warfare. - Have you had to put your views into practice? Have you been attacked in any way? - I cannot say I have. - Assuming a man came up and tried to knock you down with a big stick, what would you do? - I would do all I could to protect myself. - Then you would use force? - I would guard the blows, but not struggle in a sense to hurt him. - Supposing the only way to save yourself would be to hurt him, would you do it? - No, I would not hurt him. - Would you let him kill you? - Yes, sir. - Appellant, in reply to further questions, said he was an ordained minister by election, and preached three times a week to a flock averaging between twenty and thirty-five. He was formerly a Baptist. - The tribunal granted absolute exemption from combatant service, and conditional exemption from non-combatant service, providing that within six weeks he finds work of national importance. - The appeal on business grounds was dismissed.

TO GO IN A MONTH. - The following appellants were granted one month's exemption, not to be renewed without special leave:- Charles William PENNY (30), married, in the employ of Mr. J. H. SOMERVILLE, grocer, of Yeovil; Oliver James PEDDLE (30), married, farmer, of West-street, Somerton; and Simon George BURT (33), farmer and haulier, of Compton Dundon.

PUBLICAN AND CARTER'S CASES. - Rupert Robert BURT (35), the Hare and Hounds Inn, Compton Dundon, farmer and licensed victualler, who had been passed for labour abroad, was granted conditional exemption. - Three months' exemption was granted William WHEELER (36), a carter, in the employ of Mr. Charles CANDIN, corn merchant and farmer, who was the appellant.

WELLS FARMER'S PROTEST. - Joseph Edwin HOBBS (33), ploughman and carter, was appealed for by his father, Mr. J. H. HOBBS, of Verrell Farm, Wells, formerly of Compton Dundon. - Mr. A. E. CHUBB, of Wells, for the appellant, stated that at the time he made the original application Mr. HOBBS was occupying the a farm at Compton Dundon. The son, Joseph Edwin, was granted conditional exemption on the 24th February. On the 25th March Mr. HOBBS removed to Verrell Farm, Wells, which is 356 acres in extent, forty being arable. The only regular labour on the farm consisted of the appellant's two sons, the younger of whom, Gilbert George HOBBS (21), was granted exemption by that Appeal Tribunal on the 11th April last. On the 10th June the Wells Military Representative applied for the review of the elder son's certificate, and the local tribunal said they would either make the exemption temporary to September 30th or cancel the certificate to enable Mr. HOBBS to appeal. He chose the latter course. The reason why appellant left Compton Dundon was that he had lost all the men he previously employed there. - Mr. COPLESTON read a statement by the Wells Military Representative to the effect that he applied for the review of the certificate because Mr. HOBBS had taken “at war risks” a larger farm than he had at Compton Dundon. It seemed to him that Mr. HOBBS had been trying to play off one tribunal against the other. - Mr. CHUBB protested against this suggestion, which he said was not justified in the facts. - The Chairman said that they did not like leaving two sons on a farm, but they thought the man applied for was indispensable, and his conditional exemption would be restored.

OTHER CASES. - Exemption to the 14th October was granted Fred SEALE (18), of Pitney, Langport carter in the employ of Mr. COUSINS. - The tribunal dismissed the appeals of Mr. JACOBS, farmer, of Barrington, for Mark WOODLAND (25), cowman, and of Mr. ORAM, of Henley, High Ham, for Frank SHEPPARD (19), cowman, who had been previously exempted to July 22nd. - Six weeks were granted to Ben RUSS (23), cowman, milker, and shepherd, who was appealed for by Mr. DABINETT, of East Lambrook, South Petherton.

ONE EAST LAMBROOK MAN TO GO. - Job TROTT (25), market gardener and small-holder, of East Lambrook, Kingsbury Episcopi, stated that he was joint tenant with his brother of 26 acres of agricultural land, six and a half of which were market garden. They had various stock on the grass land, including five milking cows and four horses. The local tribunal refused exemption because there were two brothers in the business, the elder of whom they granted conditional exemption. - Appellant said his brother, who was 29, and also married, had expressed his willingness to go into the Army if he (appellant) was exempted, because he had a delicate wife. - Adjourned to Saturday, September 9th, with promise of conditional exemption if elder brother, Henry TROTT, enlists in the meantime.

LANGPORT COUNCIL'S ROAD CONTRACTOR. - Wm. BOWEY (29), married, carter, was appealed for by his employer, Mr. GILES, farmer, and road contractor to the Langport Rural District Council. - Mr. GILES said his farm was very scattered, being partly in Curry Mallet, Isle Abbots, and Fivehead. Before the war he employed four men and a boy; now he had only two, one of whom was aged 63. Appellant was 73 years of age, had lost one eye, and suffered greatly from gout. He assisted his neighbours and small-holders by letting out horses and implements on hire, and BOWEY worked the horses. This enabled a great deal of land to be cultivated in the absence of men on service. - Mr. VERNON supported the appeal, and three months' exemption was granted.

STRONG HINT TO COMPTON DUNDON APPELLANT. George GREADY, farmer, of Compton Dundon, applied for further exemption for his son, Henry George GREADY (21), carter and manager of machinery. The former exemption was granted in April to enable applicant to try to replace his son, and if unable to do so application for renewal was promised favourable consideration. There were 53 acres of arable land on the farm, and his son worked the horses and machinery. - Adjourned for a month, to be then dismissed. - Appellant: Who will crop the ground? I can't do it all. And who will pay the rent if the land's not cropped? - The Chairman: You must make a proper effort to get someone, and offer decent wages.

PARISH COUNCIL SUPPORT. - Edward John WRIGHT (34), farmer, of Compton Dundon, stated in his appeal that he farmed thirty acres, twenty of which were arable, and also managed about nine acres for a brother in the Army, and helped on his mother's small-holding. The local tribunal refused the application because the man was one of six brothers, all small-holders, and only one of whom had joined the Army. - Appellant said this was not now correct, as two more of his brothers had since enlisted, making three on military service. He was helping to look after the land of the brothers on service. - A letter expressing strong support of the appeal was read from three members of the local Parish Council, who stated that if Mr. WRIGHT was taken it would entail serious hardship, not only upon him, but upon his mother. - Three months' granted.

FARM INDISPENSABLES. - Messrs. Keevil Bros., farmers and agricultural contractors, of Low Ham, appealed for William WHEADON (31) farm labourer during the spring and summer, and threshing machine attendant and feeder during the autumn and winter, and Ernest THYER (31), engine driver and general farm labourer. Both were claimed to be indispensable, the farm being 350 acres in extent, with 150 arable. The appellants do a considerable amount of threshing for farmers, and as Mr. NEWTON (for Messrs. REED & REED, Bridgwater) explained they have been three complete sets of machinery for this work. Last year they threshed corn for 295 farmers. Before the war the firm employed 15 men and boys; now they had only nine, whilst one of the three brothers was now serving in the West Somerset Yeomanry. In addition to their engines and threshing machinery the firm also possessed four self-binders for the cutting and tying of corn. The whole of this machinery was in great demand by farmers and small-holders within a radius of fifteen miles and this season they had already cut and bound upwards of 800 acres. THYER was a qualified engine driver, and WHEADON his attendant and feeder. They threshed corn to the value of considerably over £50,000 during the season. - Mr. Edward KEEVIL, in answer to questions, stated that he and his brother had been conditionally exempted, whilst a carter in their employ had also been exempted – Mr. VERNON urged the importance of the work done by the firm for the many farmers and small-holders of the district, and hoped it would not be necessary to compel them to lay aside one of their threshing machines. - Exemption until 25th March next granted to both men appealed for.

A HIGH HAM CASE. - Henry TAPSCOTT (27), single, of High Ham, was appealed for by his father, a small-holder, who is unable to work the farm owing to being crippled with rheumatism. When the war started Henry TAPSCOTT was in the West Somerset Yeomanry, and his time expired on the 20th April last, when he took his discharge. - Adjourned until September 16th, the appellant in the meantime to endeavour to get an older married son to return home and take the place of the younger single man. The older son was stated to be working in the Army forage department, and was to go before the Medical Board to test his fitness for general service. This son had been granted exemption prior to taking up the forage work.

WESTPORT SMALL-HOLDER. - Henry Charles DINHAM (30), of Westport, Curry Rivel appealed as a market gardener farming 24 acres, and married, with four children. He had been engaged in the business for the past six or seven years. He bought the property he was living in, and had put all his money into the business. - Mr. E. T. ALMS supported the appeal, and exemption was granted until the 1st November, not to be renewed without special leave.

BARRINGTON MAN TO GO. - Wm John MALE (26), married, cowman, was appealed for by his uncle, Wm. John MALE, farmer, of Barrington. - Dismissed.





A session of the Somerset Appeal Tribunal (South-Western Panel) was held at the Shirehall, Taunton, on Saturday, under the presidency of Judge the Hon. W. B. LINDLEY. Mr. F. S. COPLESTON was the military representative, and Mr. R. C. C. VERNON, D.S.O., attended on behalf of the Board of Agriculture. The majority of the cases were from the Langport district.

WEATHER AND THE HARVEST. - The Chairman referred to the case of a farm carter named POPE, in the employ of Mr. CHARD, a farmer, living in Langport district. POPE had been granted exemption to 15th September, no application for renewal to be made without leave, this date being fixed with a view to the man's helping to get in the harvest. Mr. CHARD now wrote to say that owing to bad weather the harvest had been delayed, and he had thirteen acres of barley, oats, and beans still ungathered. Under these circumstances he wanted leave to appeal for further time. - The tribunal thought they ought to give him this leave, and the application would be heard on Saturday next.

CONSCIENTIOUS OBJECTOR AS ASYLUM ATTENDANT. - The Chairman also made a reference to the case of Frederick PENNY, a conscientious objector, who had been given exemption from combatant service on condition that he obtained work of national importance. He obtained work in a colliery in South Wales. That day he wrote saying that owing to his state of health that work proved not to be suitable, and instead of that he asked that he should be granted exemption conditional on his obtaining work as an attendant at Wells Lunatic Asylum. - The tribunal agreed to that, and gave him conditional exemption as long as he continued to be so employed.

THE HARDSHIP CLAUSE. - Mr. BAKER, antique furniture dealer, of 24, St. Mary-street, Bridgwater, applied on behalf of Orlando LEWIS (36), in his employ. - The case had been adjourned for the decision of the Central Tribunal as to the interpretation of the hardship clause. - Appellant is aged 74 and crippled, but it was held that the hardship must apply to the man called up and not to the employer. - The appeal was accordingly dismissed.

OUGHT TO GO. - Messrs. Gliddon & Son, iron-mongers and agricultural implement dealers, of Williton, Watchet, and Minehead, applied for an extension of the period of exemption for Walter Scott TURPIN (aged 31), married, with one child, a shopman, in their employ at Williton. - Mr. Arthur Henry GLIDDON, a member of the firm, stated that TURPIN possessed expert knowledge of agricultural implements. Several employees had joined the Army, and seven or eight had been exempted, but the firm were applying for renewals in some cases. - The Chairman said the tribunal did not think that TURPIN was indispensable, and the appeal would be dismissed. The man had not been called up yet, and might not be wanted, but if he were called the tribunal thought he ought to go.

THE ONLY MAN. - Mr. REED, farmer, of Compton Dundon, applied for absolute exemption for Frank NAPPER (aged 37 and married), a carter and ploughman in his employ, and the only man working for him on a farm of 73 acres. - The tribunal granted exemption until October 1st, not to be renewed without leave.

CASE ADJOURNED. - William WEAVER (40), married, with two children, hotel keeper, farmer, &c., of Curry Rivel, stated that he farmed 25 acres of land, 6 orchard and 19 pasture, and he applied for conditional exemption. - The case was adjourned for medical examination.

CONSCIENTIOUS OBJECTOR WHO EATS VERY LITTLE. - Robert Henry BUDD, a farm labourer (aged 31), living at Curry Rivel, appealed for exemption as a conscientious objector. - The local tribunal stated that they were not satisfied that the appellant had any conscientious objection, and he objected to taking any work of national importance, and simply wanted to be left alone. - Appellant now said he belonged to the “Undenominational Church,” and his views were those of the New Testament. - The Chairman: They are your own views of the New Testament, and not other people's. - Appellant: Everyone who believes in Christ is free from the world. - The Chairman: Do you consider that you are under no obligation to your country? - Only to Christ. No-one has authority except Christ. - Do you know that Christ said “Render unto Cæsar the things that are Cæsar's?” - He also said “Thou shalt not kill.” - Appellant, in answer to further questions, said his wife had left him, and he made her no allowance. He lived with his father and mother, and allowed his mother 6s a week for his food. - A member of the tribunal: Only 6s a week? - Appellant: Yes; I eat very little. Some days I don't eat anything at all. - The appeal was dismissed.

SIX MONTHS. - The tribunal gave six months exemption to J. PAULLEY, married, aged 39, a farmer, of Sun Hill Farm, Babcary, and informed him that if he required further time he would be able to apply again.

A MISTAKE – The military representative appealed against the three months' exemption granted on July 15th, to Edmund TROTT, a butcher, of Creech St. Michael, on the ground that the real facts were not fully before the tribunal. - Mr. COPLESTON said he asked for the certificate to be cancelled as the facts had not been properly brought before the tribunal. It was stated that a step-brother, Wm. Geo. DREW, was absolutely incapable but in his application to the local tribunal DREW said “I am indispensable to the business as I do the buying and do the slaughtering and dressing with the help of my half-brother, Edmund TROTT.” He submitted that that statement was practically sufficient to upset it. - The Chairman: It shows that one is not telling the truth, but I don't know which. - TROTT said the form which was signed by his half-brother should have been signed by him, and that the one he signed referred to DREW. - Mr. CHANNING said that he did not see the applications when they were filled up, but it was done by one of his junior clerks, who did not quite seem to have grasped the facts. - The Chairman: Well, it got six months exemption, anyhow. - In reply to Mr. COPLESTON, TROTT said that his sister and DREW were dependent upon him. His sister, R. TROTT, received a cheque in September, 1915, for £23 for pigs, and in April last a cheque for £22 15s for pigs, but the last-mentioned, although made out in her name, was not her property. His sister was unable to continue her occupation as a costumier. He (TROTT) was a baker by trade, but came home to continue the butchering nine years ago. No assistance could be obtained. He knew a man named WILLIAMS, but he had not assisted them. They never had anything to do with a man named GILL. HUNT was a pig killer. HOPKINS, who lived not far away, was their greatest enemy. Chas. HOPKINS and Chas. SMITH had their own work to attend to. James TROTT, an uncle, had to employ a man to assist him. John TROTT was a butcher, but they had nothing to do with him. He never head of Wm. TROTT as a butcher. Thomas SMITH was over 70 and retired. James WYATT was a thatcher and did pig-killing. There was no assistance to be got to do the work which he did. DREW was unfit for military duty. - By Mr. CHANNING: The military representative had mentioned a lot of men, but they would be useless to him. Most of them were their biggest enemies, and would cut their throats if they could. DREW could not saw a meat bone and could not lie down in bed. - Mr. Geo. WESTCOTT, market inspector to the Taunton Market Trustees, stated that he had seen both TROTT and DREW using the saw in the market and serving customers. - Mr. CHANNING said the business had been carried on by the family for 40 years, and if TROTT was taken it would have to be given up. - The Chairman said they could not rely upon TROTT's statements as satisfactory. Both said they were indispensable to the business. The tribunal did not think that the matter was clearly before them on the former occasion, and that they made a mistake in granting exemption. The certificate would therefore be withdrawn. - Mr. CHANNING: Will you grant leave to appeal, sir? - The Chairman: It's simply a question of believing the man, and not of fact, but you can put in a formal application and we will consider it.

WITHEY WORKERS. - Messrs. Bradford & sons, Ltd., withey growers, of Kingsbury Episcopi, appealed on behalf of five withey workers, George Herbert LOCK (30), Samuel TALBOT (31), Fred BONNING (31), Joseph BEST (36), and Watson MALE (37), all married men, of Kingsbury Episcopi, on the ground that the firm were lar e <sic> growers of willows supplying institutions with willows for war work, and that the men were absolutely necessary to enable them to keep their acreage going. - Mr. BRADFORD stated that their willow farm consisted of 250 acres, and gave particulars of the employees and their work. - The appeal was supported by Mr. VERNON, on behalf of the Board of Agriculture. - The tribunal said they did not think they ought to allow all the men to remain in their present occupation, but it was important that willow growing should be preserved as far as possible, and conditional exemption would be granted in respect of BONNING, BEST, and MALE, but the appeals for LOCK and TALBOT would be dismissed.

CURRY RIVEL MINISTER. - “I AM WHAT I AM.” - The case of Bert KICK, the minister of the Undenominational Church at Curry Rivel, was again before the tribunal, and he produced notices of services held at the church. He had also conducted a mission at Tintinhull. He had been a preacher for seven year. - In reply to the Chairman he said that “brothers” were scattered all over the world. The church at Curry Rivel had been in existence about seven years. The Undenominational Church started about eight years ago, and was the outcome of a Faith Mission. - W. J. OSMOND, secretary of the church, and father-in-law of Mr. KICK, said he was appointed minister in 1913, and had preached regularly ever since with the exception of an exchange of pulpits. He baptized converts in the open river, and as the result of one mission he baptized more converts than any other minister in Somerset. He also conducted funerals. Mr. KICK worked without salary, and it would be difficult to replace him. He came to them in consequence of a breakdown in health. Five hundred young men attended a convention in Ireland and decided to follow in the way of disciples. Witness attended a mission, saw a different light, and went home and started a mission. - In reply to the Chairman, Mr. KICK said they claimed to be sent out in the same way as the Apostles. - Mr. W. BROWN said the man was appointed minister of the Curry Rivel Church, at a properly called church meeting about three years ago. Mr. KICK said the church consisted of about 50 members. - The Chairman: If you get your inspiration from Heaven or from God and you are wanted and go, and another man is wanted there, would not someone else come forward? - I suppose they would. - If they did not would it not be a sign that they were not wanted? - I am staying there to do the Lord's work. Continuing, appellant said his conscientious objection was based on the Scriptures, and he considered he was doing work of national importance. - The Chairman: Supposing other people don't think so? - That is for them to think. Continuing, KICK said he was not prepared to do any other work or anything as far as the war is concerned. - The Chairman: Then you would not stretch out your little finger to help the country. - Continuing, KICK said that he did not enjoy the privileges of a British citizen, but by the grave of God “I am what I am.” He looked upon all men as brothers. - The Chairman: Do you look upon yourself as a German citizen then? - I look upon all as being under one head, and that is Jesus the Prince of Peace. - The Chairman: What is being clerk to the Parish Council and assistant overseer. You are receiving money for doing work as a British citizen, and you say you don't enjoy British citizenship? - I should get the same opportunity, and the same chance in any other country. - The Chairman: Why don't you go to some other country and get it then? - By Mr. COPLESTON: He was a baker, but did not consider he was helping the war by feeding the people. - The tribunal dismissed the business appeal, but considered that there was a conscientious o jection. <sic> In the ordinary case they would have granted exemption from combatant service and also from non-combatant service conditional upon obtaining work of national importance, but he did not agree to that, and distinctly said that he was not ready to do it. He would therefore be granted exemption from combatant service only, and if he was a minister the point could be fought out in the civil court.

WE DON'T BELIEVE IT.” - John Thomas FRANKLIN (34), a small holder and carter, of Isle Brewers, employed by his father, appealed for absolute exemption, and was represented by Mr. LOVERIDGE, from the office of Mr. E. T. ALMS. - On being informed that conditional exemption would be refused, and that a certificate of exemption to September 29th only would be granted, appellant's father said that he would give up the holding. - The Chairman: It's no good going off in a chorus that you are going to shut up, because we don't believe it. - The father: There are a plenty of young men who ought to go. I shall “chuck” up the holding. I shan't pay rates and taxes on 70 acres of land.

OTHER CASES. - Mr. F. W. BOOKER supported an appeal by Fredk. TROTT (36), a small holder, of Isle Brewers, who sought conditional exemption on the ground that he was producing food for the Army and Navy. - He was granted three months' exemption, with leave to apply again. - Mr. NEWTON, from the office of Messrs. Reed & Reed, Bridgwater, secured two months' exemption, without leave to appeal, for Wm. Chas. SANDFORD (32), licensee of the Halfway Inn and small holder of Pitney. - Edgar Montague MOTSON (35), of Spring Gardens Farm, Babcary, sought absolute exemption, stating that he farmed 35 acres, had four children under seven years of age, and that his wife was an invalid, suffering from rheumatism. - Three months' exemption, with leave to apply again. - Henry SALWAY, a thatcher, of Curry Rivel, appealed on behalf of his son, Edwin SALWAY (33), whom he employed as a thatcher. Three sons and one employee, all thatchers, had enlisted. - Exemption until October 15th, not to be renewed without leave. - The appeal of Frank CROSS (32), farmer, of High Ham, was adjourned for a week for the man to be medically examined. - Herbert LANGFORD (34), a willow grower, of Higher Red Hill, Curry Rivel, was granted until November 15th to attend his willow bed, not to be renewed without leave. - An appeal by Wm. James FRY (38), a small holder, of Chapel Farm, Barton St. David, was adjourned for three weeks to be then dismissed. - Edward WITHEY (39), a small holder, of Barton St. David, who had been passed for labour at home, stated that he was 14 years in North Queensland, and landed in England the day before war was declared. - He was granted conditional exemption.

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<NOTES: Mark WOODLAND son of William WOODLAND and Julia Anne MALE

Henry Charles DINHAM son of John DINHAM and Jane MARTIN, married Anna MALE

William John MALE son of William MALE and Mary Jane MEAR

Fred BONNING is Frederick Henry or Fred BONNING son of James BONNING and Elizabeth DIMMOCK, married Lucy MOUNTER

Watson MALE son of James MALE and Elizabeth MORRIS, married Lily ROWE>