Bowerman Family of Canada 1683 - 1796, AC Bowerman 1904

The Bowerman Family of Canada
Descendants of Ichabod Bowerman
of Dutchess Co., NY 1683 - 1796

JULY 1904

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Albert C. Bowerman - his works

This unpublished work by Albert C. Bowerman is part of the E. H. Marion Cronk Fonds held by the Canadian Quaker Archives at Pickering College in Newmarket, Ontario. It is in folder 5-4-6. Permision to publish this transcription for your personal use on this site was given by the archivist, Jane Zavitz Bond of the Quaker Archives.


The Marion Cronk Fonds contains about 6 feet of boxed material and all came from the home of Marion Cronk, Bloomfield, ON and had been in the family for many generations. The material was found in a scrambled state. Most of this manuscript was loosely inserted into a ledger cover and for the most part it was in order. But at least 20% of the pages were scattered throughout the other material that was found in the home. Randy Saylor organized the whole fonds into folders and did his best to identify pages from this work and inserted them into the current order. There are pages and photographs missing.
It appears this manuscript was never published in its current form. The bulk of the manuscript is a typed carbon copy on 8.5 x 14 tissue paper with some paper inserts, hand drawn maps and attached clippings and photographs. There are numerous handwritten edits and insertions presumably by AC Bowerman. These handwritten edits are transcribed in italics.
The paragraphing, punctuation and spelling is transcribed as written though very minor corrections were made where the meaning is 100% clear to make it easier to read. An example is “In 1787Jesse Gifford” where no space was typed between the date and the name and it was transcribed as “In 1787 Jesse Gifford”.
Images were made of most of the older content of the fonds and these images are included in a DVD in the Fonds at the archives.  Carm Foster, Doug Smith and Judy Andrus Toporcer agreed to a request from Randy Saylor to transcribe this important manuscript. Randy emailed the images to them for transcription and assembled the document. The three transcribers are all Bowerman descendants and Randy is connected through marriage.
Albert Christy Bowerman (1850 – 1917) was a doctor and a genealogical enthusiast. This work appears to be a precursor to Genealogical List of the Bull Family that he had published by the Ontario Historical Society in 1904 and The Bowerman Family of Ontario by A. C. Bowerman dated 1916 that was transcribed by Lorne Shunk in 1994 and is available on this web site.
Transcribing Notes
An attempt was made to copy the formatting used by the author. All handwritten edit notes are in italics. Most pages were numbered, some are missing, and many pages were renumbered in handwriting. It is difficult to copy the format exactly and if you are unsure of the text please contact me for clarification.
Transcribers notes are always placed in [square brackets]. I want to thank Carm Foster, Doug Smith and Judy Torpocer Andrus for their enthusiasm, care and diligence in transcribing this work.

Randy Saylor
Toronto, 2007

Randy Saylor and the Canadian Quaker Archives, 2007
No part of this document may be published without the permission of Randy Saylor and the Canadian Quaker Archives.

Image 01 - Cover page
16?83 - - 1796
JULY 1904
Image 02 - Doug Smith
( Index)
Annable   - note – page 1 -& - 2.
Bowerman              "       1  -  -
Baker               78
Brewer             78
Beadle              79
Bedell               80
Blount              39
Bull                  81
Carman            77
Christy             90
Clark                77
Cooper                        87
Cunningham      124
Dorland            20
Elsworth           76
Falmouth  notes  3
Ferguson          102
Garrett             99
Gerow              102
Hare                 116
Harrington        123
Hill                   78
Hubbs              103
Hughes 112
Jackson            123
Leavens            115
“Landmarks” v. Introduction
Mastin              119
Mo. Mtg. Rec.”  v. Introduction
O’Neil     (Carnahan)    121
Richmond         12 – 29 – 124
Stinson 80
Striker              127
Thorn               77
Vincent 78
White               128
Image 03 - Doug Smith
BOWERMAN  or  BOWREMAN  (Devonshire and Wiltshire) Eng.
Arms  “Ermine, on a bend cottised sable, three boar’s heads
“couped or. “
Crest  “A goat’s head erased or, the horns twisted gold and sable”
“ (2)  “A bull’s head erased or, the horns twisted gold and sable”
Image 04 - Doug Smith
            Among the many families identified with the settlement of Hallowell and vicinity, of whom dates are extant occur the following ––
1783,   Youngs of East lake.
            Bowerman Thos. qv
1784    Capt. John Stinson,
                        Before the year 1788, and after 1784, we find, the names of Conger; Peterson; Capt. Richardson, James Dougall; Richard Hare; and Henry Ferguson; while soon after 1788, came the VanDusens; the Spensers; in 1791; Henry Johnson; and Abram Barker.
1800    Jacob Jarman (German)
            Stephen Conger, (distiller of spirits)
            Abram Steele (Thompson “Dr.” Hallowell)
            Cyrus Richmond (Quaker Preacher)
            Richard G. Clute
            David Conger (Store-keeper and teacher of “night-school”)
1801    Paul Huff (Fisherman, Salmon Point)
            Nathaniel White (Farmer; lot 16, I con. N. W. [blot]
            Samuel Porter (Tailor)
            Dr. Pringle (Picton)
1802    Robert Hubbs (Shoemaker)
            Caspar VanDusen.
1804    10th June  “Sowed flax-seed” (David Conger)
1812    Asa Werden  (Tanner, East Lake)
1818    Dr Millar (Wellington)
            Bout Outwaters (To setting “still” for James Barker, Wellington)
            As late as 1817, approaching the village from the Spencer house , at what is now known as “Tower Point”, one comes upon the little “school - house”, at the left, between Spencers and Henry Johnson’s. The back of the house was close to the precipice and not far from the Fairfield terrace, above the Store – House.
            The Johnsons, who came in 1791, after suffering great privations at length prospered and built themselves a commodious “frame” dwelling near the steep bank overlooking the Bay, near the Benj. Gillespie residence; at the foot of what is now “Johnson” St.
            From this point the road skirted the bank, turning a sharp corner behind the E.Sills house; thence to the corner, called since, “Washburn’s corner, at Main and Bridge Streets.
            Just below the bank, near this corner, was as distillery, owned, or at least operated by a man named Baird and immediately to the East of the distillery, was the old log house once occupied by the Washburns, but in 1814, used by that family as a general store.
            It was however occupied as a residence, in addition to the store, as late as 1823, as it was from this place, in this year, that Simeon Washburn lost his later much-sought treasure-box. This house built of squared logs, stood within twenty feet of the water’s edge at the north side of the road leading to the second “Hallowell Bridge”. It faced the South; and was built and used both for stores and residence before the present or second bridge was constructed. It was replaced later by a frame building, one and a half story, painted red, with a door in the South centre and a window on either side. The store proper was in the S. E. corner of this building, with a door opening on the East. Under this later door, the bateau were tied and the cargo was carried down, or up, over the side to or from the store house. All merchandise was weighed on the beam-scales, with weights ranging from 10 to 80 lbs.
            As before observed, when the log house was built there was no bridge nearer than the present “Glenwood” Cemetery. Near that, the latter, bridge was the blacksmith shop of Bela Johnson, on the old Mullett tannery site and close to this shop was a “turning” factory for making wooden bowls. The bateau passed freely to the landing at the “Hovington” House, as there was open water to the latter place for many years after this time as may be seen from an inspection of the sketches by the late Capt. Downs.
            Beside the store at the present bridge crossing, Simeon Washburn had also a large store-house below the bank at the site of the present or “Old-Red-Store-House” and these two stores were connected by a footpath along the water’s edge at the base of the cliff. These were the three principal landing places “The Red store-house”; “Washburn’s House” and “Hovington’s Landing”; Later developed the pier and store-house on the opposite side of the Bay; while with the building of the bridge at the foot of the present “Bridge Street” , the “Hovington House” and “Hovington Landing” fell into decay and have been entirely obliterated.
            Simeon Washburn was a man of wealth and involved in many business transaction; he made frequent journeys to and from Quebec and he is said to have handled large amounts of money. Be this as it may, his evident carelessness cost him some of his capital and no small loss of time to later “treasure hunters”. Apropo of this event, it is said on unquestionable authority that from one of his periodical voyages on the St Lawrence, he returned with a large amount of gold and silver, which he carried in a small hair-covered trunk. This occupied a safe place on the little bateau, but being heavy and unwieldy, Simeon called to his assistance to carry it ashore one of the workmen from the “bowl-factory”, who happened to be at the store when Simeon landed.
Image 05, 06 – Carm Foster
            embittered with their recollections of defeat mercenary Hessians, with the spoils of a rich new land as the wage of unrighteous blood the sturdy and staid Quaker, still smarting from personal experience with the recollection of “man’s inhumanity” all these, differing as did their antecedent history, met together at the little hostlery making new friendships which time has cemented in the union of their posterity.
            Rooms once animated by the songs of camp and river aglow with the pitch-light of the wide stone fire place, and fragrant with steaming “Hollands” and the incense of a Virginia or Havana sacrifice, are soon given over to the bat and the owl.  Dank moss reeks on the slimy logs, while the heavy mantle is a wreck of broken masonary.
            Doubtless, in the after-years, when only the memory of his companions has remained to cheer his solitary life, many an “old settler”, feeble with age and broken hopes, has crept unseen to the calm of this silent ruin when the noon-day sun warmed the moss-grown shingles, and the dragon-fly disported his green wings above the reedy waters of the old landing, and has repeopled the sepulchral silence with forms long hidden in their forest graves.
            They were truly men, those worthy pioneers who met together at the homely hostlery under the hill out of the uncomplaining pathos in their rugged lives few of the later generations have ever guessed.
            But those other Quaker forbears, they also were a versatile folk and turned their deft hands to many trades with surprising skill.  Men, and women also, who were their own agriculturists, artizans, and spiritual advisers, were little daunted with the sophistry of the Aesculapian mysteries.  They were their own doctors, old age became a religious habit and the perfidious impudence of the Patent Medicine vendor was a national misfortune as yet unaccomplished.
            Quakerism seems to be synonomous with the breaking up op [of] old idols, hence the Friends generally eschewed the regular physician and allied themselves to newer and nameless schools of physic.
            Fifty years ago Thompsonianism strutted through the clearings armed with a score of drastic domestic decoctions, and a favourite but fearful compound called “Number Six”.  There are doubtless unhappy stomachs stillalight with its internal fires. it was certainly a happy adjunct to the armamentarium of the average orthodox divine.
            Notable among the other records of the Bowerman family are certain “Landmarks”, bearing [crossed out word] record to their residence and later migration.  First among these is the well-known landmark.
(1). “Bowerman’s Nose” – A “Rock-Idol” of the ancient Druids, on Dartmoor in Devonshire, Eng. where the family probably originated under its present name.
image 5
From “The New Illustrated Magazine”, London, Eng, Nov 1898
Image 07 – Carm Foster
“Landmarks” – cont’d.
…(a). “Bowerman’s Hole” – A deep pool at the foot of a cascade on the Dutchess Co. homestead.  This pool was a favorite swimming pond for the youth of the neighborhood it still bears the original name though no member of the family bearing the name of Bowerman, has resided at the farm since 1?96 [date is smudged].
bowermans hole

2 Views of Bowermans Hole – 1894
Bowerman’s Hole.  Poughkeepsie, N.Y.
D.B. Bowerman seen in picture.
D. B. Bowerman IV   Chas. Gideon III   Judah II   Ichabod I
Image 08 – Carm Foster
“Landmarks” cont’d
(3). “Bowerman’s Church”. – Near the village of Allisonville, in the Co. Pr: Ed. and so named after one of its chief promoters Thomas Bowerman, oldest son of Ichabod and Jane, familiarly known to his associates as “Big Tommy”, whose farm residence lies on the opposite side of the street.
[Note: Old stickers and blank space indicate the former presence of a picture which is missing from the original in this space.]
(4). “Bowerman’s Point” – Jutting into the Bay of Quinte a short distance above Cataraqui, Ont.  This point owes its present name to Jonithan I. Bowerman, son of (V) Ichabod and Rebecca, - Jonithan I married his cousin Hannah Cunningham, and widow of Jonathan Ferris, leaving as an only legacy to the locality, is name “Bowerman”.
[Note: Stickers and blank space indicate the former presence of a picture which is missing from the original]
Image 09, 10, 11 – Carm Foster
Landmarks” – cont’d –
            “Bowerman’s Hill” – On the old Danforth Road, a mile West of the village of Bloomfield, in the Co. of Pr. Ed. – On this hill was built the first Friend’s Meeting-House in the County, and the second in the Midland District.  The premises for meeting house and burial ground were ceded by Stephen and Judah Bowerman, and the house erected in the year 1800.  Near this hill, in succession from West to East, lived five members of the family, vis-Mary White; Judah Bowerman; Stephen Bowerman; Thomas Bowerman; and Lydia Blount.
            The close proximity of these farms hints significantly at the domestic instinct of these people.  Most of their farms have long since passed into other hands; the grave-yard being the only distinctive historical feature remaining.  This burial place has absorbed not only the name of its donators, but many members of the large family also and still gives promise to out-live, if one may safely give animation to a Cemetery, not only the name of the Society, but the Society itself for which it first became existant.
east bowermans hill
bowerman hill etch
The etching above represents the Hill with the grave-yard, opposite which is Judah Bowerman’s old red house as it was in the 50’s of the last century.  The building on the left is Judah’s barn some rods west of the grave-yard; the old log meeting-house was removed probably as early as in the 40’s, though the rough foundation wall is still to be made out.
not described
Image 12 – Carm Foster
            It should be observed that the following Records of the “Bowerman”, and allied families, are neither assumed to be complete nor free from unavoidable errors; they possibly represent a phase of individuality, a “fad”, properly speaking, they are chiefly the treasured matter of conversations with the interesting “old-folks”, who have long been gathered to their well earned rest; some on the “Hill” and some in the newer burying grounds in the village.
            Timely publication of these desultory notes will bring them to the notice of the “oldest inhabitant”; and thus ensure correction before the last available evidence has passed entirely beyond reach.
            It is hoped also that the brief references to allied families may serve to establish genealogical clues otherwise lost.
            In conclusion, the following pages are respecfully submitted to the generous consideration of a large circle of relatives, with the hope that imperfect as these records necessarily are, they may at least stimulate amoung our growing numbers, a general determination to be worthy of a moe exalted record.
                                                                        Albert C. Bowerman
9th July 1904
Image 13 – Carm Foster
            Concerning the Immigration of the Bowerman family into Canada, between the years 1783 and 1790, there is meagre evidence in support of the assumption that this movement was the result of eithrr religious or political persecution; neither is it probably that any of this numerous family was influenced by Gov. Simcoe’s Proclamation of the 9th Feb; 1792, as already several members of the family had ante-dated the Proclamation by periods varying from one to eight years.
            Samuel Hughes of Yonge Street Co. York, writing on the subject in 1834, says; in refference to the Proclamation…………….
            “This became an inducement to many who were poor and not able to
            “get lands where they lived, to run all hazards, in order to avail them-
            “selves of these grants, among whom were a number of Friends and their “families”.
            Of the Bowerman family, Jonathan and Ichabod were the only members who drew Govt. Grants in Prince Edward Co., and the evidence is still wanting to show that these lands were given as a reward for military services, either direct or indirect.
            The majority of the members of this family purchased their farms from the original holders, to whom subsequently the Govt. Patents were issued.
            The Bowerman family of Pr. Ed. Co. originally consisted of portions of the two families of Ichabod Boerman – viz: four (4) children by his first wife, Lydia Mott, together with his second wife, Jane Richmond, and ten (10) of her children.  This makes a total of fifteen (15) persons.
            While it is true that there are instances of petty sectarian annoyance in Dutchess Co. as early as 1779, probably growing out of local prejudices, resulting from the War of Independence, there is nothing, of a later date to show that political antagonisms contributed to the causes which culminated in the family deportation between ’83 and ’90.
            On the contrary, there is a very sufficient reason contained in the poverty of a rocky farm on the one hand, and with the increasing necessities of a numerous family; and on the other, a goodly inheritance in a rich frontier with abundance of land where the family might dwell together and enjoy the freedom of their peculiar worship.
            Herein was a sensible reason for a wholesale migration; we shall later see how well they prospered under “expectations”, and how much “freedom” they actually enjoyed.
            Thomas Bowerman, the eldest son of Ichabod and Jane, was the first of his name to reach Canada (1783); following him came Elizabeth, David, and Jane, of the first family; and year by year, until 1790, they kept coming, until all of the second family, except Phebe and Deborah, together with the widow Jane, had finally reached the settlement in Pr. E. Co;  Phebe and Deborah, of the second family, never came to Canada; and it is not an insignificant fact, in refutation of the untenable claim of political persecution, that Deborah’s descendants at the time of writing (1902) are still in possession of the Dutchess Co. homestead.
            After Ichabod’s death, as already stated, his widow Jane accompanied her children into Canada.  Jane died in 1797?, and was buried in the “Stinson Burial Ground”, although the grave is “unknown”.
            In the journey to Canada, the route followed seems to have been that generally adopted by settlers from the lower Hudson – viz – By way of the River Hudson, the Mohawk, Woodcreek, and Portage, to Oneida Lake by way of Fort Stanwix, now Rome, thence by the Oswego into Lake Ontario, and northward to “Gravelly-Point”, now known as Cape-Vincent.
            From the latter point, some crossed to Kingston, and made their way, by means of Batteau to Adolphustown and Hallowell, by way of the Bay of Quinte; while others crossed direct from Oswego and the Cape to the South side of Prince Edward Co.
            Frequent reference is made to the original method of transportation by means of Batteau, hence it is as well to reflect on the foll. quotation from Murray, as observed in Canniff’s Hist.
            “The boats used on this journey were generally known as the “Durham Boats”; and were constructed as foll.: viz “It is long, shallow and nearly flat-bottomed.  The chief instrument of steerage is a pole ten feet long, shod with iron, and crossed at short intervals with small bars of wood like the feet of a ladder; the men place themselves at the bow two on each side, thrust their poles into the channel, and grasping successively the wooden bars, work their way toward the stern thus pushing on the vessel in that (?) direction”.
            The Bowerman family forming, with it numerous allies, no very insignificant minority of the entire Society of Friends in Hallowell, reference is here made to the records of the latter Society for much of the historical data concerning the individuals of this family.
            The Soc. Of Friends having been organized in Adolphustown in 1799, and in Hallowell in 1808, it will be observed that Jonathan and Ichabod Bowerman received their grants (1801-1802, respectively) before the establishment of the Meeting at the latter place.
            While there appears to be no evidence of Friends in Hallowell having received Govt. Grants of land for military services, the subject was discussed at the first Half-Years meeting of Friends held in Hallowell on the 31st of First Month 1810, in the log-meeting house on “Bowerman’s Hill”.
Image 14 – Carm Foster
            In the various records, the name is written sometimes “Bōman” – “Bōrman” – “Bōreman” – “Bōurman” – “Burman” – and “Bowerman”; and is pronounced, as all proper names are liable to be pronounced, according to the caprice of the careless speaker, indifferently either “Bō-man”; “Bō-erman”; or “Bower-man” (au-in out.. Stand. Dict.).  The evidence of Robert Herrick the Devonshire poet (1591-1674) establishes the local pronunciation in favor of the long “ō” as against the “au” in “out”, as may be plainly seen in his un-flattering epigram upon the Devonshire miller, in which he says…..
            “Bōreman takes toll; cheats; flatters; lies; yet Bōreman”
            “For all the Devil helps, will be a poor man”.
            Even at the present time, although the Canadian branch of the family unanimously conform to the orthography as adopted in this record (Bowerman) still they vary in the pronunciation indifferently Bō-erman and Bowerman with a probable tendency to the ultimate suppression of the long “ō”.
            The name Bowerman signifies either an Archer or Bowman; or a Maker of Bows for Archery, [all underlining completed by hand] whether written “Bō-man” – “Bō-erman” – “or “Bower-man”; and is evidently derived from the ancestral calling or occupation of the family during early history of the west of England and Wales.
            A welsh origin of the family is not inconsistent with the evidence of the Devonshire “Rock-Idol”; already refered to on a previous page; while the armorial bearings of the family rather strengthen the evidence in favor of the military origin of the name.                                                                                                                                 

            Anthony Annable’s wife Jane died about Dec. 1643; and the record of his second marriage is also qualified by a chronological discrepancy; as the Rec. of New Plymouth state (1) “Anthonly Annable married Anne Alcock 1st Mar. 1645; and (2) “Anthony Annable and Ann Elcock marryed 3rd Mar. 1644”.
            As already stated Anthony probably removed from Scituate to Barnstable in 1640; and in 1646 he was elected to the Assembly or Court from the latter town; and re-elected for the same place during the years 1647-’51-’53-’56- and ’57.
            Anthony Annable died in 1673. (Freeman’s Hist. Cape Cod); and in 1674 the Court appointed a Mr. Hinckley executor of his estate.
            By his second marriage Anthony had the foll. Issue…..
(II).      Samuel born 2nd Jan. 1645-46; bapt. 8th Feb. 1645. (Church Register by Dr. Ezra Stiles of Barnstable).
(II).      Ezek-
           Desire born early Oct 4. 1653.
            In 1678 the Court orders the division of Samuel’s property between his two children – John and Anna – and his widow whose name is not given. 
            “Plym. Col. Rec. Barnstable – 1st Mar. 1646 Anthony Annable Married
            “Anne Alcocke who died and was buried 16th May 1651”.
            “Anthony Annable married 3rd Hannah Barker”.
            “Thomas Burman married Hannahlannible [sic] 1st Mar. 1645-46”.
            “Pebroke Mass. Rec.” – “William Hatch married Susannah daughter of Anthony Annable 13th May 1652”. (N. H. Rec. Vol. XIX page 220).
            “Dorchester Mass. Rec.” – Sarah Annable dyed 28th June 1674”.
            “Barnstable Rec.” –      “Jane Annible wife of Anthony buried about Dec. 1643.
                                                “Anne Annible (2) wife of Anthony buried 16 May 1661.
                                                “Hannah Annible (3) wife “ of Anthony buried 16 Mar. 1657-58”.  (3) wife. [a line was drawn between the (3) wife                                                     entries]                                                          
Image 15 – Carm Foster
[Note: this page is typed on paper and is not a carbon tissue paper copy. Appears to be a later addition.]
            The will of Thomas Bowerman (1). Is dated 9th May QYEE.[sic - could it mean 1633?] ; but Savage’s History states that Thomas died 25th May 1679
            (1). Thomas Bowerman married Hannable Annable in Mar. 1644-45.; (See Annable). Freeman’s History of Cape Cod gives the following issue ….viz.
                        (11)      Hannah…..born 1646. (Hannah was Thomas’ wife-mar. about 1646).
                                    Thomas……“    1648. (Of whom later).
                                    Samuel…….”    1651. (Killed at the Battle of –Rehoboth – 1676).
                                    Desire……...”    1654.
                                    Mary……….”    1656.
                                    Mehetalbe….”    1658.
                                    Tristram……”    1661.
            In 1637 Anthony Annable was elected Constable of Situate; and at the General Court for 6th Mar. 1637 his name appears as a juror.
            The first Legislative Assembly for the neu [new] Colony met in 1639 in General Court with Gov. Bradford as Chief Magistrate; and Gov. Prince as First Assistant.
Image 16 – Carm Foster
            The Will of Thomas Bowerman (1). is dated 9th May 1633; but “Savage’s Hist. states that Thomas died 25th May 1679.
(I).       Thomas Bowerman married Hannah Annable in Mar. 1644-45, (See Annable).
Note Falmouth            Freeman’s Hist. of Cape Cod gives the foll. Issue …..viz..
            (II).      Hannah             1646. (Hannah was his wife – mar. about 1646).
                        Thomas            1648. (Of whom presently).
                        Samuel             1651. (Killed at Battle of “Rehoboth”, 1676).
                        Desire              1654.
                        Mary                1656.
                        Mehetable        1658.
                        Tristram            1661.
(I).       Thomas Bowerman took the oath of a “freeman” 4th Mar. 1634-35. (Winthrop) and in the list of “freeman” for Barnstable 1643 occurs the name of Thomas Boreman of Barnstable, followed by that of Anthony Annable; while further the Rec. of New Plym. States that – “Thomas Boreman of Barnstable and Hannah Annable married 3rd Mar. 1644”.
            It has been observed that Freeman’s Hist. of Cape Cod gives the name of Hannah as the eldest child of Thomas and Hannah – born 1646 -; but according to the list of births given in the Rec. of New Plym. we find the list of this family as foll….
                        (II).      Thomas            born “ about the middest 1648. (of whom presently).
                                    Samuel                                 end    July 1651.
                                    Desire                                          May 1654.
                                    Mary                          the middest    Mar. 1656.
                                    Mehetable                      beginning Sept 1658.
                                    Tristram                                        Aug. 1661.
                        (II)       Thomas Bowerman born 1648 is the only member of the family of the Ancestor Thomas whose lineage has been traced (note.1.).  He was for some time town-clerk in Barnstable where it is quite probable he was born and where he married Mary Harper 9th Apr. 1678. (note.e.).
Falmouth Notes – (1)
                        Note (1). – From the “Ipswich Antiquarian Papers” July 1882 we learn that “David Borman and Hannah Hutcheson married the 12. April 1662”; hence we see that David is a possible nephew of Thomas or he belongs to another family of the same phonetic name.
                        Note (2). – “Harper” – On the 23rd April 1658 Christopher Holder and John Copeland having returned to Mass. From Rhode Island contrary to the law forbidding Quakers to enter the Province they were ordered by the marshal to leave; but not complying they were arrested and marched into Barnstable and severely scourged.
                        Many families of Barnstable vicinity became Friends; and on the occasion of the arrest and punnishment of Holder and Copeland many of their converts followed in the procession to cheer their brethren in bonds.
                        The following list contains the names of some of the eighteen families who became Friends – viz. – Thomas Ewer; Robert Harper; Joseph Allen; Edward Perry; George Allen; William Gifford; William Newland; Ralph Allen jr.; John Jenkins; Henry Howland; Ralph Allen sr.; Thomas Greenfield; Richard Kirby; William Allen; Daniel Wing; Peter Gannt; Michael Turner; John Newland; Mathew Allen; all of whom were in 1658 fined from ten to one hundred pounds for refusing to take the oath
                                                            (Holders of Holderness… page 132).
                        Mary Harper who married Thomas Bowerman under circumstances that leads to the suspicion that they were married according to the order of Friends was not improbably a daughter of the above Robert Harper.
Image 17 – Judy Andrus Toporcer
At this early period it is curious to read – “In 1678 Thomas Burman was fined 10.0.0 for marrying himself” out as according to all evidence the Bowerman and Harper families were Quakers, this item itself is significant of the aversion in which the Society was universally held.
            In 1688 lands were laid out to Thomas Bowerman; and in 1690 all remaining undivided land in that section was ordered to be laid out or surveyed.  Thomas Bowerman was one of two persons appointed to carry the order into execution; and in 1702 Thomas Bowerman with still another, was chosen by the town-meeting to settle with the dismissed teacher and preacher.
See Note Falmouth
(II). Thomas Bowerman mar. Mary Harper 9th April 1678 and had issue. . viz.
            (III).     Samuel             (probably born about 1682),
                        Thomas -------(                             1685), of whom presently.
                        Stephen -------(                             1687),  [x notes]
                        Benjamin -----(                             1690),
                        Hannah --------(                             1692),
                        Waite ----------(                             1694),       
            Note – Benjamin Bowerman born about 1690; married Hannah dau of John + Martha Wing --- (1723)
and had about 1725 a son (IV), Benjamin who mar. 1755 Mary Gifford of Yarmouth Mass.. Benjamin and Mary had issue (V), Elihu born Aug. 1767.
            This note is necessary in establishing the probable date of birth of
(IV). Ichabod Bowerman – of whom later.
(III). Thomas Bowerman born about 1685 (?) mar. – about 1718 – Jane - - - ?issue.
            (IV).  Ichabod born in Mass. in 1720-21. Of whom presently.
                        David              about 1725 – see page 9: and note.
            The Bowerman family of New England was early associated with the Friends or Quakers; but as that Society took its rise in England in 1648, first appearing in the Mass. Colony in 1657, it will be readily seen that the Ancestor, Thomas Bowerman, was not a Friend on his advent in America, on or before the year 1633; nor even at the time of his marriage with Hannah Annable 1644-46, as the latter event itself antedates the rise of the sect by a period of two years.
            (II). Thomas son of (I). Thomas and Hannah born 1648 probably allied himself with the Friends about the time of his marriage with Mary Harper  9th April 14 1678.
            Note that in the following pages the descendants of (IV). Ichabod only are given; together with a note on (IV). David for fixing the identity of these undoubted brothers. (See page ..2.).
Image 18 – Judy Andrus Toporcer
                                                                                                             Copied   p 3
(1) Thos Bowerman
Note –
            The town of Falmouth contained “28000 acres of assessed land; Isaac Robinson having been dismissed from Civil employment in Barnstable or Sandwich, on account of sympathy with Sandwich Quakers, he removed to Falmouth.
            The first records, “29 Nov. 1661. gives the names and location as well as the acerage of the first settlers- as fol, - - - -
- Isaac Robinson, the first to build a house between Fresh and Salt
Ponds, 4 acres by the house, and 8 and a half elsewhere.
  Jonathan Hatch, 10 acres by the house.
  John Chapman 4 acres.
  John Jenkins 8      “ “  .
  Jesse Hamlin 8          .
 “Anthony Annabel” 8 “
  William Nelson      4  
  Samuel Hinkley    8  
  Capt. Nathaniel Thomas  8  
  Samuel Fuller   8    
  Thomas Lathrop     8   
  Peter Blossom    8    
  James Cobb    8    
  Thomas Ewer    8    
            At this time the place was called “Suckannesset,” and not until 1694 was it known as “Falmouth.”
            In 1688 Thomas Bowerman had lands laid out to him; and in Mar. 1691 the lands of the “Plains” were laid out.  John Jenkins was appointed to do the work, and he employed as assistants William Wyatt and Thomas Bowerman.
            As Selectmen since 1700, Thomas Bowerman 4 years.
                                         1760 Stephen Bowerman  5   
                                         1838 Barnabas Bowerman 12 
         Town Clerk, Thomas Bowerman 1703 to 1707.
            At a Town Meeting held 6 June 1687, land was voted for the help and encouranging the teaching of the “Word of God,” which lands, among others, are west of “Bowerman’s Pond,” now included in the village.
            One of the first industries of Falmouth was the manufacture of salt; and Daniel Bowerman is first mentioned in cnnection [sic] with the work.
            In 1787 Jesse Gifford built a wind-mill at East End for Samuel Bowerman, Joseph Bowerman and Richard Lake.  In 1800 the wind-mill was still doing business.  The ownership of this mill passed from Joseph Bowerman to his sons Seth and Thomas and Thomas tended it till 1816.
            By this time Silas Swifts grandfather had come into possession of Thomas’s share; and Silas Swifts father, Moses Swift, had bought Seth’s share.  Thomas Bowerman sold his farm to Capt. Nathaniel Eldred ; Seth Bowerman sold his farm, and the two hitched up their oxen, put their families and goods into the carts and started for N.Y. State to settle
            Silas F. Swift thus by inheretence and purchase became sole owner and in 1820* operated the mill.
            Joseph Bowerman who owned the mill also owned a tannery which stood east of the small pond across the way from S. F. Swift’s residence
[transcriber’s note: the dates on this page do not seem to be correct]
Image 19
  map 19

Image 20
image 20

Image 21 - Doug Smith
[Note: this page is typed on paper and is not a carbon tissue paper copy. It is taped to the following map.
            In 1623 the last of the so-called new comers arrived in the “goode shippe Anne”. Among them were Anthony Annable and Nathaniel Tilden who were granted lands “toward the eele river” in Plymouth. * * * During this decade they were joined by William Gilson, * * *  Humphrey Turner, Henry Cobb, * * * Thomas Bird, Edward Foster, James Cudworth and Henry Rowley. * * * * Prior to 1634 they laid out Kent Street and erected houses on the westerly side of it. The street itself began at Satuit Brook and ran Southeasterly to the third cliff * *   Each houselot was eight rods wide upon the street and extended a quarter of a mile back into the woods. Edward Foster’s was the most northerly; Gilsons adjoined on the south; the next came that of Henry Rowley. Humphrey Turner owned the next lot, although the house which he built was under the east of Coleman’s Hills and James Cudworth’s was on the Driftway. The last house was that of Anthony Annable. The meetinghouse had not been built at this time. * * * When it was erected a year or so later it stood upon Meetinghouse lane”, which ran at right angles with Kent Street and bounded Annable’s houselot on the south. ( Harvy Hunter Pratt; The Early Planters of Scituate; 25-26).
Image 22 – Doug Smith
  map 22

Image 23 - Doug Smith
(IV) Ichabod Bowerman – The record of Ichabod, prior to his second marriage, is limited to his own testimony, as repeated by his children, corroborated by the records of Stonington Mo. Mtg. These records, since destroyed by fire, attested the double marriage of Ichabod and his daughter Jane: the former to Jane Richmond and the latter to Jane’s brother Sylvester Richmond. Jane and Sylvester were children of Cyrus Richmond.
            Ichbod Bowerman married first Lydia Mott in Mass. where they lived and reared a family of six children; as foll. ....
            (V)       Timothy
                        Elizabeth           died in tp. of Hillier C. W.
                        David                  "    "   –––  Pr. Ed. Co.
                        Jane                   "     "  –––– Canada  ?
            The sequence of births as given above is according to the list left by Stephen Bowerman; but from data furnished later it will be seen that this sequence is not correct. From the records of death in the cases of  Elizabeth and David; and the birth of Jane’s eldest child, the relative dates of these three is easily established. They are as foll.
            (V)       Jane     born     1745 ; as eldest child was born 6 th Jan. 1769 ; hence she was mar. about 1768.
                        Elizabeth  "       1748 ; died in Hillier 26 th June 1827 aet. 79.
                        Timothy   "       1750 ;
                        Hannah    "       1752 ;
                        David      "        1754 ; died in Pr. Ed. 28 th April 1, 1828; aet. 74
            As Ichabod was born in 1720 – 21; and his daughter Jane about 1745; it is probable that Ichabod was first married about 1744, at the probable age of about 23. His first wife Lydia Mott died soon after the birth of Sarah; and in 1758 he married Jane, dau. of Cyrus Richmond; and soon after removed to Dutchess Co. N. Y. where he died in 1791, aet 70 years.
            There was undoubtedly a close relationship between Ichabod’s wife Lydia Mott and Mary Phebe Mott, the second wife of Cyrus Richmond; but no record has been produced at the present time to establish the genealogy of this particular Mott family.
            (IV) Ichabod Bowerman has left the statement that he descended from one of a family of four brothers of English origin; that he was born in Mass. in 1720 – 21; married (1) Lydia Mott and (2) Jane Richmond of Stonington Conn. in 1758; soon after removing with his first family to “Great Nine Partners” in Dutchess Co. N. Y.
            This tradition of the four brothers was confirmed by an octogenarian named Stephen Bowerman who resided in Ohio. Although an entire stranger to the Canadian branch of the family, Stephen repeated in 1845, the same tradition of the family lineage which was current among the descendants of Ichabod.
            But for a further confirmation of this tradition we have only to refer to the family of (II) Thomas and Mary, having beside two daughters the four brothers – Samuel – Thomas – Stephen – and Benjamin.
Image 24  Doug Smith
            Leaving Mass. shortly after his marriage with Jane Richmond in 1768, the family moved westerly along the Sound into new York State upon the border of the Hudson River. At Poughkeepsie was already a settlement of Friends; hence they sought the neighbourhood of their own sect settling in a rugged frontier section. The homestead lay near the present village of “Verbank”; and is a rocky and hilly farm. Long stretches of stone walls attest the stubborn nature of the holding; and the unremitting toil necessary to make it habitable and remunerative.
            This fact alone offers ample reason for the emigration of the next generation in 1790 – 96; with little justification for the untenable assumption of political or religious persecution, the favourite affectation of later generations.
            Near the site of the original dwelling, lately destroyed by fire, is a deep chasm in the rocky hill-side worn probably by the ceasless wash of a stream. At the bottom of the fall is a deep pool shaded by the overgrowing cedar making the spot particularly attractive to the boys of the vicinity as a favorite swimming-resort. Although the family have long since left the place, the name still lingers with peculiar tenacity to this favourite pond, which even now rejoices in the unromantic cognomen of “Bowerman’s Hole”. see Landmarks.
            As the Bowerman of Dutchess Co. belonged to the society of Friends, it is to the records of that society we must look for whatever data has been preserved of the ancestor Ichabod. The Quaker records are unquestionably authentic; but it is a great pity that they are so meagre, so stinted in that vital information of a personal character, through which the lives of the old Friends might otherwise have been examined in a pleasing retrospect as worthy examples of living sacrifices to religious convictions. Search however as we may, there is little to be discovered outside the limits of genealogical note, except the briefest mention of complaints for violation of “discipline”; and the verdict of the unrecorded deliberations thereon.
            Friends as a society have ever been strict disciplinarians; but the paltry fragments known as “Records”, are useless in the effort to discover either the numerical strength of the society or the individual sentiment of its members. Individualism merges into or is suppressed in the general and impersonal character of all committee reports which never evince a suspicion of clerical inspiration.
            Quaker conservatism hence is a curious contradiction to the uncompromising radicalism of its religious innovations.
            Quaint and primitive as it is, the Quaker organization, as a type, is worthy of the closest scrutiny and deserving of the highest encomiums.
            As a society it encourages morality and all those virtues which tend to an increase of the social harmony; at the same time discouraging the less satisfactory indulgence in theological speculation
Image 25 -  Judy Andrus Toporcer
It is, however, to the influence of religious dogmatism unfortunately imbibed at a later period that much of the odium to society has arisen.
Official medling in secular matters at the expense of religious advancement, qualified the spiritual attitude of our forefathers in Quakerism; notwithstanding that by a broad exercise of self-control they had already exalted themselves to so lofty a spiritual plane that more consistent results might not have been unexpected.
            While conservatism is a dominant factor in the unwritten code of Quakerism, making its members trusted citizens on the one side and loyal subjects on the other, the name itself does not stand as a synonym for perfection; hence the influence of the Revolutionary movement of 1776 found lodgement among Friends, disturbing the harmony and scattering the members of the fold.
            Slow as Friends are to violate the traditions of their own eventful history; and appreciating the blessings of religious freedom, they very naturally sympathize with the growth of individual liberty and the spread of intellectual knowledge; but popular clamor does* never blends well* with the colorless calm of Quaker retirement.
            Had the true principles of Quakerism obtained to the exclusion of all Secular* Revolutionary heresy, the record of petty grievances at this period of Quaker*  their history would never have been preserved.  But unfortunately it is from this source that we drive the written record of Ichabod Bowerman; and although of genealogical value it is a question if the credit of the society had not been better considered by its entire suppression – a hint that may not be overlooked by the society even at this late date.
            Ichabod Bowerman was a member of the “Oswego Preparative Meeting of Friends” within the “verge” – to use an expression peculiar to the records of “Great Nine Partner’s” Mo. Mtg. in Dutchess Co. N.Y.; and as before observed the only record alluding to him is contained in a “complaint” to the meeting under date 19th Mar. 1779 – as foll.. -- --
            “A complaint came to this meeting by way of last Preparative at Oswego against Icabed Boreman [sic] for being neglectful in attending our meetings and sleeping in meeting when there; also for keeping unsivel people in his House and selling liquor; therefore this meeting appoints Zebulon Hoxsie and Stephen Dean to treat with him on that account and make a report to next Monthly Meeting”.
            This stereotyped formula of accusation bears the customary impersonal character of the society as deliberations in general; and in this particular is a painful contrast to the generous frankness practiced by Quakerdom at large.
“Non-attendance” and “Sleeping in Meeting” – have always been viewed as grave infractions of Friend’s discipline.  These are “dealt with” first by a remonstrance from a visiting committee and lastly by “disownment”.
*  [note:  very faded hand-written edits above lines are included here in italics]
Image 26 -  Judy Andrus Toporcer     
                                    [faint] 8
In the matter of “keeping unsivel people in his house” it is a family tradition that a relative of Jane Richmond – one Joseph Earl, a pro-British agitator – was a frequent visitor at the house of Ichabod, true to the precepts of the sect the whole family are well known to have favored the Royal Cause; but the overt act of harboring a spy brought the family under the survalliance of the Continental troops.  Searching parties catechized even the infants to gain a knowledge of the whereabouts of the elusive Earl, and they more than once ransacked the premises to secure his arrest but without avail.  Earl after many minor depredations escaped into New Brunswick Canada, where he is said to have died at an advanced age.  The recounting of his many escapades during the war made fire-side stories for Winter-night’s entertainments of the next generation.
            Anecdotes of Indian massacres, of ruthless harryings among peaceful settlers, of imprisonment and hair-breadth escapes; these make better material for a series of “Border Tales” than for the tame narration of events in the history of a peaceful sect such as the Quakers.  The records of society however abound with evidence of much personal suffering, distraint, and ultimate exile.
            Nor did the society itself escape the infection of revolution; and it is rather to the dissentions among Friends themselves rather than from extraneous interference, that the Society suffered most.  This disposition among members to make open cause with one of the other party, in striking contradiction to the peaceful precepts of the society, evinces the predominant influence of race over religion; and arouses the suspicion that our – early “fathers” were themselves far removed from the seventh heaven of Utopian Quakerism.
            Brief as the Minutes are in the case of Ichabod Bowerman the evident determination of Society to have “satisfaction” at the expense of membership, manifests a worldliness of conception, incompatible with the dignity of a church disciplinary committee.
            At a subsequent Mo. Mtg. the committee previously appointed produced the following report – “The Friends appointed to visit Ichabod Boreman report they had; and he did not appear in a disposition to make suitable satisfaction for the complaint against him, therefore the same Friends are appointed to inform him that the Meeting expects to disown him; and to draw a testimony and produce to next Monthly Meeting.”
            The record further states that – “The Friends appointed to draw a testimony against Ichabod Bowerman produced it here which is approved and signed.  Andrew Moore and Ladowick Hoxsie are appointed to read it at the close of a Firstday Meeting at Oswego; also to give him a copy if he desires it; and inform him of a right to appeal and report to next Monthly Meeting-producing the testimony”.
[Note: It appears that page 9 is missing from the original work.]
Image 27 -  Judy Andrus Toporcer     
“Jeremiah’s father David probably married (2nd) about 1752,                                        
and allowing 27 years for his age at his 2nd mar. he would have been born in 1725  which is also the probable date of birth of David the brother of Ichabod the ancestor of the Canadian branch of the Bowerman family.
            From these data it is presumable that Ichabod was born at Falmouth Mass
(V).  Jane Bowerman (IV – Ichabod & Mott Lydia) – born probably 1745 in Mass.; married Sylvester Richmond, son of Cyrus Richmond and his (2nd) wife Phebe Mott.
            Sylvester was born in Stonington Conn. 4th June 1737; and died in June 1803-4.  In 1772 Sylvester and Jane lived in Poughkeepsie N.Y.; but in 1795, they removed to Ernestown Co. of Frontenac C.W.. According to the “Richmond Family” – “Sylvester was a Quaker and was dissatisfied with the proceedings “of the Revolutionary party sympathizing with the Mother country.”
            “He suffered considerably on account of his Tory proclivities; and went to Canada where he lived many years between Kingston and the head of the Bay of Quinte.”.
            “He was imprisoned at Poughkeepsie-whether for religious scruples of political offences is not known.”.
            Sylvester was three times married; In his old age he facetiously remarked, and perhaps truthfully, that the “Lord sent him his first wife – “the second he chose for himself-while the Devil sent him the last”.
            “Granny Eleanor” as she was familiarly called was the last wife; she survived Sylvester; and is said to have been none too gentle with the step-children.
( Sarah R = Isaac Huff
Job[?] killed by gun [? - possibly Killed by Green Mt M – difficult to read] ) probable Encumbrances of Jane & Took the name Richmond and they are omitted here.
The issue of Jane and Sylvester were as foll. - -
[Original manuscript contained only the eight issue names; all other information was added by hand later and is shown here in italics].
            p 12-13            (VI), Cyrus Richmond = (1)Lois Bradley (2) Nancy Morgan
              13 -              (VI.)  Ichabod             = Pamelia Bettes
              13 -              (VI.) Phebe                 = John Darling
              13 -              (VI.) Lydia                 = John Burley
              13 -              (VI.) Abigail               = Arthur Elsworth
            “ 14 -               (VI.) David                 = Mercy Ray
            “ 14 -               (VI.) John                   = Dorothy Hutcheson
            “ 14 -               (VI.) Jane                   = Russel Belknap
(IV. Ichabod & Mott Lydia)
(V). Elizabeth Bowerman [illegible: –x1,?] born in Mass. about 1748; married in Dutchess Co 
                                    Ebinezer Palmer; moved to Canada in 1790 and settled on Lot 2, 1st Con. N.W. L. in the tp. of Hallowell, Co. Pr. Ed. The farm adjoining on the east was selected in 1794 by Isaac Garret who came over with his family in the Autumn of 1795 but finding his log cabin unfinished, they were compelled to establish a joint occupation of the Palmer one-roomed log house during the entire winter, making a crowded population of sixteen persons.
            Although the Palmers first located on the Lot before mentioned, there is no record to show that they owned it.  Ebinezer was in the tp. of Hallowell as late as 1815; and later moved to the tp. of Hillier.  His will is dated 22nd, March 1815, describing him as “of the township of Hallowell”.
            Among its other provisions the will specifies that - - - -  “I will and positively order that my wife Elizabeth Palmer shall be furnished with a good bed and bedding; wearing apparel and good wholesome food; and good attendance in case of sickness or being anywise disabled.
Image 28 -  Judy Andrus Toporcer     
during her natural life and in lieu of her right of dower”.
            The executors were ordered to dispose of the real and personal estate and after making the above provisions for his widow were further ordered to divide the property among the eleven children.  These executors were two of Ebinezar’s sons-in-law viz. – Aaron White and Joseph Dorland.    
(V). Elizabeth (IV Ichabod & Mott) Lydia) (Bowerman) Palmer, died in the tp. of Hillier, Co.Pr.Ed. on the
26th June 1827 – aet. 79 years.
            In the Assessment of the Tp. of Hallowell, for 1798 Ebinezar Palmer is rated “First-Class” at a tax of 2.6d.; but in the Assessment of 1808 he is represented as having – “Acres 200; cleared 50; house Log; horses 2; oxen 2; cows 4; cattle 4; swine 1; total apprizement ₤118.10.0; District expenses 4.117; Representative expenses 1s.8d..”.
            The issue of (V) Elizabeth and Ebinezar Palmer were – viz. –
p 14 – (VI). Lydia Palmer . . . . .mar. William Andress.
  14 -        Mary            . . . . .       Aaron White.
  14 -        Benjamin       . . . .        - - Winn.         Set Hillier
  14 -        Deborah          . . .         Palmer Crandal.  – v –
  15 -        Hannah           . . .         Palmer Fergusson.
  15 -        Lucretia          . . .         Samuel Petit.
  15 -        Elizabeth         . . .         Joseph Dorland
  15 -        Stephen         . . . .         Abigail Jones.
  15 -        Joseph             . . .         Ruth Striker
  16 -        James I.          . . .         (1). Agnes Foster.
                                                             (2). Hannah Purdy
                                                             (3) Eliza Phipps ?
                                                             (4). Betsy Spenser.
  16 -        Phebe         . . . . .         Benjamin Crandal
(V). Timothy Bowerman – (IV Ichabod & Mott) born 1750; mar. Anna - - - - ; moved to “Coeman’s Patent” – about eleven miles south of Albany N.Y.; and had - -
(VI). Daniel Bowerman (V) Timothy (IV Ichabod) & Lydia Mott)
            - - - - - - - - -  and others.
(V). Hannah Bowerman (IV Ichabod & Mott, Lydia); born in Mass.; mar. in Dutchess Co. John Butts removing to Canada between 1790 and 1796.  On the 11th Dec. 1812 Stephen Bowerman – James R. Armstrong – and Mary Vincent sold to Hannah Butts “of the twp. of Hallowell, Midland District” in consideration of the sum of $400.00 – “100 acres – being the rear end of the West half of Lot 15 in the 2nd range from the Gore; being in the 3rd Con. of the Military Tract”.-
            The Crown Patent of Lot 15 containing 200 acres was issued on the 17th May 1802 to the Hon. Richard Cartwright; but there is no record available showing how this property came into the possession of the three named persons, who sold it to Hannah Butts in 1812.
            Gideon Bowerman and a half-brother of Hannah died in 1810 leaving the sum of ₤100.0.0 each to some of his brothers and sisters.  Gideon was not married.  This $400.00 probably represents Gideon’s bequest to Hannah, Stephen acting as Executor. (See page --).
            Stephen is known to have acted as executor to Gideon’s estate; but it is not clear how the executors came into control of this Lot 15.
 Image 29 – Carm Foster
            At the Prep. Mtg. of women Friends held at West Lake 8th Mo. 5th 1810 Hannah Butts was appointed to attend Mo. Mtg.
            The issue of (V) Hannah and John were as foll. - - -
p 16 – (VI), Lydia Butts - - mar. (1) Daniel Daly; (2) James Scriver.
“ 16 –        Mary                     (1) James Bettice; (2) Gersham Vincent.
“ 16 –        Hannah                       William Smith.
“ 16 –        Gersham “ not  mar (died at the age of 20).
“ 16 –        Jane                                          17).
“ 16 –        David                           Lanah Scriver.
(V).      David Bowerman (IV Ichabod & Lydia Mott) born in Dutchess Co. Mass. 1754; died in Pr. Ed. Co. April 1828 aged 74 years; mar. in Dutchess Co. N.Y. Catherine Bartlett, a cousin of William Christy Sr.  Catherine joined the Society of Friends after the opening of the Prep. Mtg. at the house of Cornelius Blount, sending in her request to the latter meeting 12th Mo. 6th 1804.  This request was transmitted to the Mo. Mtg. at Adolphustown; and on the 9th of 7th Mo. 1805 Catherine was appointed to attend Mo. Mtg. from the West Lake Prep. Mtg.
            The issue of (V) David and Catherine were as foll. - -
p 16 (VI).         John Bowerman-mar. Mary Beadle dau. Of Isaac. (see Beadle)
p 16   Benoni             -        Rebecca Hill.
            17       Levi                 -        Jude West.
            17       Mary                -      George Vanvaulkenberg.
            17       Cornelius “        -        ---
            17     )            Ichabod            -        ---
            17       Sarah                -       Marmaduke Hutcheson.
            17       Elizabeth          -        Silas Shorey.
            17       Lydia                -       Jonathan Trumpour.
            17       Phebe                -  -    (died un-married).
                        “Charlotte Bowerman” – is here given in the “Elsworth Family” as a dau. of David and Catherine; but as Charlotte was an adopted daughter, her name is omitted althogether from the descendants of David.
(See Appendix – “Aylesworth” or “Elsworth”).
(V).      Sarah Bowerman (IV Ichabod & Lydia Mott) – born in Mass.; resided with the family in Dutchess Co.; was not married; never came to Canada; no further record.
(VI).     Cyrus Richmond (V Jane IV Ichabod) born 6th Jan. 1769 at “Great-Nine-Partners”, in Dutchess Co. N.Y.: died 27th Jan. 1854; and is buried in the S.E. corner of Friend’s burial ground on “Bowerman’s Hill”, Cyrus was a Quaker preacher of considerable notoriety, on account of his eccentricities.  On one occasion he went to meeting wearing his night-cap under his hat; and on that particular occasion he is said to have announced prophetically “that one of the congreation contemplated making a journey”.  Cyrus volunteered the mysterious information “if the party undertaking the journey confined himself strictly to business he would return safely; but if he combined pleasure with business he would lose his life.”  Elisha Sills a merchant of Picton was at meeting and heard the “prophecy”.  As he intended shortly going to New York for goods this strange forecasting of events by Cyrus made a deep impression upon Elisha’s mind.  Later he went to N.Y. where he bought his
Image 30 – Carm Foster
[Note this image was attached as an over-leaf to Image 31]
Field – Argent. a Cross patonce
fleury between four Mullets
Crest.   A Tilting Spear, headed or
broken in Three parts.  One
piece errect.  The other two
in Saltire, Enfiled
with a dueal? Coronet -
crest image 30     
Image 31 – Carm Foster
[Image 30 is attached as an overleaf to this page]
goods intending to return home at once; but meeting F. Lazier of Dundas C.W. the two arranged to accompany an excursion of professional men to Boston the next day.  Failing to find Lazier at his rooms on the following morning, Sills left the city for home; Lazier however started on the excursion; but at – Norwood or Norwalk – the train was derailed and Lazier was killed. (S.F. Lazier Barrister of Hamilton Ont. Son of F. Lazier – Mrs Thorne)
p 17     (VI).     Cyrus Richmond mar. (V) Sylvester & Jane. IV Ichabod & Lydia Mott. (1) Lois Bradley of Oswego Co. N.Y. Mar. 1801.  Lois died 1st June 1803; The issue of (VI) Cyrus and Lois were
p 17     (VII).   Sarah Richmond (VI Cyrus & Jane IV Ichabod & Lydia
                                                - mar. Joseph Sing. of Meaford
p 17               Sylvester         -       Mary Eckhardt of Markham, C.W.
            17        (VI). Cyrus Richmond (V) Syl & Jane) IV Ichabod & Lydia –mar. (2) Nancy Morgan, widow of Minard Mastin both originally from Dutchess Co.  Minard was killed at the raising of Judah Bowerman’s first log-house on the hill in 1801.  The issue—
17        (VII).   Thomas Richmond (VI Cyrus. V Sylvester & Jane) IV Ichabod & Lydia      died young
17                  Charlotte                -           
17                  Lois                        - mar. (1) Jeremiah Mabee; (2) Thomas Brock; (3)  Daniel Hopkins; and (4) Hiram Moulton.
17                  Ichabod                  -             Almira Gifford of Grovehill, Brewer Co. Iowa.
17                  Jemima                   -             Aaron Gifford and (2). Hiram Moulton  (Lois’ 4th)
                      Isaiah                      -             Eve Doxy.  Isaiah was accidentally killed and Eve mar. (2). -- Anderson.
            (VI).     Ichabod Richmond (V) Syl & Jane) IV Ichabod & Lydia – born in  Po’keepsie N.Y. in 1772; mar. 1798-99 Pamelia Bettes of Brighton C.W. (Pamelia was born 1782).
                                    (vi..?     The issue of this family was 14 children; see “Richmond”.
            (VII).   Mary Richmond – born 1800; mar.       Martin VanBlaricom.
              {“       Sylvester           -        1802;            Dorcas Strevil (she died aet. 94 Hilton Ont
              {“       Abigail              -        1804;             James Holland res. twp. Murray Ont.                 
            {“         Cyrus                 -        1806;           Mary Ally (Abby) of St. Vincent.“
              {“       Sarah                 -         1808; “         Elijah Brundage    of Ashtabula Ohio.
              {“       David                 -        1810;           Eleanor Ryckman. “                   
              {“       Delilah               -        1811;            Clinton Clark of Percy Ont.
              {“       Amelia               -        1813;            Edmund Thorne of Brighton Ont.
p 13---           James A.            -        1814;           Roxanna I. Fennell
                       Phebe                 -        1816;           Jonah Thorne res. Ashtabula Ohio.
                       Huldah               -        1817;           Richard Philips of Watertown N.Y.
                      Charlotte            -        1819;           Andrew Turner res. Lexington Mich.
                      Lydia                  -        1821;           John Philips           Percy Ont.
                       Louisa                -        1823;           John Herrington, (or Kerrington) Murray, Ont
-X        (VI).     Phebe Richmond (V Sylvester & Jane) IV Ichabod & Lydia – mar. John Darling res. Cherry Valley Carrying Place Co. Pr. Ed. (4 ch.)
            (VI).     Lydia Richmond (V- Syl. & Jane) IV Ichabod & Lydia – mar. in Po’keepsie, John Burley; and in 1848 the family lived at Bath Ont.  In her old age “Aunt Lydia” as she was familiarly called was very “eccentric”. The issue is said to have been 4 sons and 1 daughter.  Of the sons the only one whose name is known to us is
            (VII).   Sylvester Burley (vi Lydia V Jane IV Ichabod & Lydia
            (VI).     Abigail Richmond (V Syl. & Jane IV Ichabod & Lydia – mar. Arthur Elsworth of Athol Co. Pr. Ed. and had - - -
p. 18    (VII). Mary Elsworth (vi Abigail V Jane IV Ichabod & Lydia – mar. Richard Southard – she was Richard’s first wife.
   -               Huldah            died unmar.
  18              Job                 -mar. Maria Leavens dau. of Peter E. Leavens q.v.
  18              Caleb              - - -
  18              Arthur             - mar. DIANA  Spencer dau. of John.
  18              Cyrus              -       Elmira Taylor, no issue.
  18              David             -       Waite Stnaton.
{                    Jane                -         Daniel Young of Athol.
{                    Lydia              -         - - - - Miller         
{                    Abigail           -          Daniel Morgan. (See Elsworth)
{                    Sarah              died unmar.
X See Phebe
X Issue             Levi     } Mary Cardville Smart
                        Alphus }  (Mrs Robert Smart)
                        Delilah}           113 Cars St
                        Lydia   }           Chicago Ill.
Image 32 – Carm Foster
P 13
p 10 -   (VI) Phebe – (V) Sylvester & Jane Bowerman – (IV) Cyrus – (III) John – (II) Edward – (I) John.
                                    mar. John Darling – (1?4?) Worcester Mass. [the date has been typed over but appears to be 1743?]
                        John Darling died 27 Oct. 1847 at Consecon, Co. Pr. Ed. at the residence of his son John.  Mrs. Smart of Chicago says that John Darling had a farm and a distillery between the Bay of Quinte and Lake Ontairo, but nearer to the Lake. he sold this farm and moved to Consecon.
            (VII)    John
                       Jane - - mar. Stephen Lapman
                                    (VIII)   Eliza mar. Ira Prindle.
                                               Lavina “   (1) - - - - Little.
                                                               (2) - - - - Fiske.
                       Lydia - - - - mar. - - Pulford.
                                    (VIII)   2 dau. Moved to Cleveland Ohio.
                       Laura - - mar.   (1) - - - - Hendricks of Carrying Place.
                                               (2) - - - - DuBois a saddler at Consecon.
                       Delilah            James Cardinell.
Image 33 – Carm Foster
            (VI). David Richmond (V. Sylvester & Jane)  IV Ichabod & Lydia – born in Po’keepsie N.Y. 1785 came to Canada with the family in 1793; married Mercy Ray.  Mercy died in the twp. of Pickering C.W.  The issue were - - - -
p 18     (VII).   John Richmond (vi David (V Jane  IV Ichabod & Lydia – born in Nottawasaga 1807; mar. - - - -
                       Reuben           died unmar. 1840 in Pickering C.W.
                       Nathaniel                         1847  Cleveland Ohio.
                       Richard     “ -   mar. and died in Ill. In 1852 leaving 5 children.
                       Daniel       “ -                lived in Nottawasaga; no issue in 1859.
                       David        “ -                                           ; had 2 sons.
                       Mary         “ -           - - - - Cobb – 473-@4? – and had 2 dau.
                       Jane           “ -          - - - - Staker – and res. at Salt Lake, Utah.
                       Ruth          “ -    “ mar. and res. at Markham Ont. and left issue.
                       Ann           “ -                - - - - Davis – res. at Salt Lake, Utah.
                       Lydia         “ -                     at Markham Ont. leaving issue.
                       Mercy                ---
                       Sarah               ---
            (VI). John Richmond (V. Sylvester & Jane) IV Ichabod & Lydia – born in Po’keepsie; mar. Dorothea Hutcheson; John was a Quaker preacher; he resided in the Co. Northumberland C.W. where he died.  At the “Prep. Mtg. of Women Friends held at West Lake 8th
            “of 5th Mo. 1810  Dorthea Hutcheson informs this meeting (that) she proposes
            “laying her intention of marriage with John Richmond before our next Month-
            “-ly Meeting”.
            T@6.   The issue of (vi) John and Dorothea were - - -
            (VII).   Martha Richmond - - - - - - - res. in twp. of Murray Ont.
                       David                   - - - - - - -     near Trenton Ont.
                       Marmaduke                                 --
                       Cyrus                                           --
                       Jane                                             --
                       John                                             --
            (VI).     Jane Richmond - (V Sylvester & Jane) IV Ichabod & Lydia – born in Po’keepsie; mar. Russel Belknap.
            (VI).     Lydia Palmer – (V. Eliz + Ebenezer) IV Ichabod & Lydia - mar. William Andress; and had issue. - - -
            p 18     (VII).   Mary Andress (vi Lydia V Eliza  IV Ich & Lydia
                                                            -- mar. Benj. Terry. of Wellington Co Pr Ed
            - 18                Sarah              --        Richard Southard (2nd Wife).
               -                  Palmer            (died Feb. 1863).
               -                  Gordon           -------
               -                  Anna               (The three latter res. in the twp. of Haldimand Ont.
            (VI).     Mary Palmer – (V – Eliz & Eben) 1V Ichabod & Lydia mar. Aaron White (from Dutchess Co.).  On the Assessment Roll for Hallowell 18th July 1798  Aaron White is rated “First-class at 2s.6d” he was also one of Ebinezar Palmer’s executors.
                        The issue of (vi) Mary and Aaron White were - - -
p 18-    (VII).   Moses White    -mar     Jane Conger
- 18-               Stephen          -         Catherine White dau. of Cornelius. (see White)
- 19-              Elizabeth “        -         Benjamin Dunham.
- 19-               John                -         (1) Anna Barker dau. Jos. And Polly (Leavens q.v.)
                                                            (2) Clara Sheldon
- 19-               Gideon            -         -------; res. near Trenton Ont.  
- 19-               Hannah           -         Joseph Baker (see Baker)
- 19                Rebecca         -         Silas Ball (removed north of Toronto).
---                 Aaron             ---        (died aet. 20 unmar.).
- 19                Phebe             -         Thomas Wright.
(VI).     Benjamin Palmer –                    (V- Eliz & Eben) IV Ichabod & Lydia 
                                                mar. - - - - Winn. Set Hillier Co Pr. Ed – no issue
(VI).     Deborah              -                  (V Eliz & Eben) IV Ichabod & Lydia
                                                           Palmer Crandal (brother of Benj. who mar. Phebe).
-19       (VII).   Reuben Crandal  mar.
-19                 James               -;mar. Fanny White dau. of Cornelius. (See White)
--                    13 others.”                   V Allisons? [this is angled downwards on the page]
Image 34 – Carm Foster
(VI).     Hannah Palmer – (V. Eliz & Eben) IV Ichabod & Lydia mar. Palmer Ferguson and had issue - - - -
p 19-    (VII).   Palmer Ferguson – mar. Mary Ann Bowerman dau. of Judah Bowerman and his 2nd Wife Mary Ann Morden.    
(VI).     Lucretia Palmer – (V. Eliz & Eben) IV Ichabod & Lydia mar. Samuel Pettit of Hillier.  In 6th Mo. 9th 1803 Lucretia’s name appears on the minutes of the Prep. Mtg. of Women Friends held at the house of Cornelius Blount, having been appointed to attend the Monthly Meeting at Adolphustown.
(vi)       Lucretia and Samuel res. in Hillier and had issue - -
p 20     (VII).   Ebinezar Pettit – mar. Jane Kirk (whose morther mar. (2) - - - - Turvey near Cole Creek” school-house).   
‘ 20      (VII)     James – Pe"ttit  - mar. Amanda McCartney (dau. James who lived on the south side of Pleasant Bay, twp. Hillier.).
‘ 20      (VII)     Phebe - Pe"ttit  - not mar. (lived with the family of William Hubbs on the Lake-shore).
(VI).     Elizabeth Palmer – (V Eliz & Eben) IV Ichabod & Lydia – mar. Joseph Dorland, son of John and Elizabeth (Ricketson) Dorland – of Alolphustown Co. Lennox; and settled in the twp. of Ameliasburg (now Hillier), in 1802.  The issue - -
“19-20-           (VII).   John Dorland – (vi Eliz  V Eliz  IV Ichabod & Lydia
                                                              mar.   Elizabeth Jones. (V. Dorland (II) p 19↑
       20-                      Thomas        -           Hariet Ogden.
        -                         Gilbert          -  (drowned).
       20-                      Jonithan        -           Julia Ann Cole.
       20-                      Stephen         -  born 1812; died 1833; carpenter; unmar.; res. Hillier
       20-                      Deborah Ann  -          John H. Ferguson.
       20-                      Samuel          -           Jane Smith.
       20-                      Lydia T.        -           John Pierson of Hillier.
       20-                      Mary White    -           (1) Wm. Terwilliger; (2) Joseph Walters.
        -                        Joseph J.        -    -      (born 1824; ???? died 1833).
       21-                      James J.         -          Sarah Patterson. of Sophiasburg.
       21-                      Cicero H. “      -    -      (not mar.).
(VI).     Stephen Palmer - (V. Eliz & Eben) IV Ichabod & Lydia mar. Abigail Jones (half-sister of Gilbert Jones). p 21
(VI).     Joseph Palmer – (V. Eliza & Eben) IV Ichabod & Lydia mar. Ruth Striker and resided in the village of Wellington twp. of Hillier (then Ameliasburg). Ruth was noted for her drollery; no company was complete without Ruth.  On one occasion some neighbors drove up to the door when Ruth was occupied with the fhmily [family] was washing. Everything literally was “on the line”; and Ruth was invited to join the load going for a visit to some of the neighbors.  “Can’t go – no shirt to wear” – said Ruth.  After persuasion and a few moments reflection Ruth hung her wardrobe on the back of the wagon saying “It’ll be dry by the time we reach the house”; and so went with the company. (A fact).  On “9th June 1814 Jos. Palmer is credited by three days work on the new grist-mill 1.2.6d.”. owned and built by James Barker.
            The issue of (VI) Joseph and Ruth among others were - - -
????    (VII).   Sampson Palmer. (Stiff leg)
~                    Dorland      
p 21            Thomas     
Jos. & Ruth lived near “Swamp College?
Image 35 – Carm Foster
(VI).     James I. Palmer – (Elizth & Ebener) IV Ichabod & Lydia) born 1790; died 1884; married (1) Agnes Foster ; d 1845 aet ? 40  [to the right of 40 is written a 2 over a 1]
(2). Hannah Purdy; (3). Eliza Phipps; (4) Betsy Spencer.
            The issue of (vi) James and Agnes were as foll. –
p 21 -   (VII). Henry Palmer      (VI James  V Eliz  IV Ichabod & Lydia  See post (p 21)  (correction wrong – original type correct. 
‘ 21 -             Elizabeth         born 8th Sept. 1815; mar. 1st Jan 1833 Daniel Joseph B.  Dorland (son of Philip) and; Daniel died 23rd Dec 1883 (see Dorland (II) [many corrections with respect to who Elizabeth married and what Dorland family he was from.  The only info. not stroked out is that Elizabeth married a Dorland]
‘ 21 -             Nancy             - - - }
‘ 21 -             Rosannah        - - - } over
‘ 21 -             Rachel            - - - }
‘ 21 -             Phebe             - - - }
‘ 21 -             Benjamin         born 24th Feb. 1825; died 25th Nov. 1890; married 26th May1844 Sarah A. Young dau. of Hans Young of “Consecon” twp.                                                            of Ameliasbusg. [Ameliasburg] 
                      Lilian               - - -
                      Marvin}           ----- d inf.
                      Lydia  }            given by B of 2.  P-1.  aet 20.
(VI).     Phebe Palmer – (V-Eliz & Eben) IV Ichabod & Lydia mar Benjamin Crandal, brother of Palmer Crandal who mar. Phebe’s sister Deobrah.  The Crandals and Palmers were cousins german, probably on the Palmer side.  This family lived at the east end of the “Cole-creek” road in Hillier and had issue as foll. - - -
p 21 -   (VII).   Reuben Crandal - (vi Pebe  V Eliza  IV Ichabod & Lydia mar. Jane Ann Jones (dau. Frank and Maria Jones who lived on Consecon Lake.
            (VII)     Gilbert Crandal - - - -
            (VII)     Jeremiah                     (died young).
            (VII)     Almira                         mar. Jos. Smith.
            (VII)     Francis            - - - -;  a prosperous and benevolent man.
p 12.    (VI).     Lydia Butts – (V. Hannah. (IV Ichabod) & Lydia mar (1); Daniel Daly and had issue viz. - -
                        p 21 -   (VII).   Joseph Daly (suicide).
                        “21 -             Daniel         ---------------
p 12 -   (VI).     Mary Butts (V Han.  IV Ich & Lydia (overlaps Jane Ann = 1 Jas. Scriver & perhaps she VIII never = a Scriver ) [following Scriver is a 2 over a 1]   
                                                mar. (2). [the 2 is overwitten by hand as a 1] James Scriver and had issue (5) children.      -mar. (1). James Bettice and had issue
                        (VII).   Jane Ann Bettice who mar (1) Jonathan Vincent & (2) Jas. Scriver
                                            -mar. (2). Gersham Vincent, a brother of Jonathan’s and had
Per? Vincent  
(appendix Baker)
             > p 22            (VII).   Margaret Vincent
                                  John              “ mar. Sarah Bull, dau. (III) Josiah Bull and his wife Sarah Cunningham; q.v. –
p 12 -   (VI),     Hannah Butts (V Hannah (IV Ich.) & Lydia – mar. William Smith. and had   viz. - - -
            p22      (VII).   James Scriver Butts = (1)  Elsworth (2) Sarah Jane (Hill) (V. Hill) Kingsley
                                  John                      [all quotation marks under Scriver were stroked out]
                                Hannah Butts              Friar McCuiasy?
                        ???(2) Sarah Jane Hill (W?. Kingsley) V. Hill p--      
p 12 -   (VI).     John Bowerman – (V David IV Ichabod) & Lydia mar. 5th June 1805 (McDowell Reg. written Bedell)  Mary Beadle called “Molly” a sister of Elias Beadle of Bloomfield.  John died at Norwich Ont. aet. 89.  Issue – v - v
            p 22     (VII).   Nial Bowerman – removed from Norwich to Mich.
                                  Isaac B.    
                                  Sarah Ann “      (Sarah Ann was born in Norwich; the others in Pr. Ed.
p 12.    (VI).     Benoni Bowerman (V David  IV Ichabod & Lydia mar. Rebecca, dau. of Nazareth Hill, of Dutchess Co. N.Y.  Benoni and family moved to the vicinity of St. Catherines where Benoni died about 1822.  The children were returned to Pr. Ed. where they were severally adopted as foll.  Catherine by Jonathan Clark.  Gideon and Charlotte by Stephen Bowerman;  David by Vincent Bowerman; and Thomas by Stephen Blount.  Thomas mar. Jemima Mabee who also was “brought up” by Stephen Bowerman, and from whose house they were married.  Thomas was a blacksmith; Jemima was a dau. of Jeremiah of Port Hope Ont.
            Rebecca the widow of Benoni mar. (2) Tunis Eckert father of Donaldson. of “Bowerman’s Church”
Image 36 – Carm Foster
            The issue of (vi) Benoni Bowerman (V David  IV Ichabod)& Lydia and Rebecca Hill were as foll. - -
                        (VII).   Catherine Bowerman -(vi Benoni  V David  IV Ichabod & Lydia
                                                                         mar.    Gilbert Orser.    
                                  Charlotte        -         - - - -  Wartman of Kingston Ont.
A 7 + A??         -“       Gideon           -        Mary Beadle a dau. of Elias of Bloomfield.
Star in East 2  - “       David                          -         Nancy Low, and removed about 1860 from
            See Note                                                          Castleton Ont. to Springfield Ill.
p 22        -     Thomas          -         Jemima Mabee Dau. Jeremiah Mabee; she was a grandaughter of (VI). Cyrus Richmond; mar (2) [this is followed by a 2 over a 1]
                           -“      Rebecca Ann              -         -------Brooks
                           -“      Nancy                        -          Donaldson Ekert (son of Tunis) and lived in the twp. of Hallowell at “Bowerman’s Church”;
            (VI).     Levi Bowerman –                                 (V David  IV Ichabod & Lydia
                                                            mar.     Jude West; moved to Ohio; (mar. 2).
            (VI).     Mary                 -                               (V David  IV Ichabod & Lydia
                                                                       Geo. Van Vaulkenberg, and removed to Kingston Can.
            (VI).     Cornelius          -                                (V David  IV Ichabod & Lydia
                                                            ----------resided at Auburn Ohio.
            (VI)      Ichabod             -                               (V David  IV Ichabod & Lydia
                                                                        removed to Norwich Ont. whe e [where] he died.
            (VI).     Sarah                 -                              (V David  IV Ichabod & Lydia
                                                                        Marmaduke Hutcheson of Hillier twp. and had - -
                                                p 23-    (VII).   Fanny Ann Hutcheson who mar. Alva Morden and went to Manitoba giving the name to the town of “Morden” Man.
            (VI).     Elizabeth            -                                (V  David  IV Ichabod & Lydia
                                                            mar.     Silas Shorey of Ernestown  Co. Frontenac Ont.
            (VI).     Lydia                 -                                (V David  IV Ichabod & Lydia
                                                            mar.     Jonathan Trumpour of Hillier and had – v –
                        p 23-    (VII).   David Trumpour – no issue
                               -             Jonathan Ricketson Trumpour - d in Kingston Ont. Mrs. Robt Clapp.
                                                                                                   ??? d May 1913  mar.
                                              John Trumpour. (drowned in Lake Ontario)
                        ( Jonathan Trumpour and his son David are buried on “Bowerman’s Hill”.)
            (VI).     Phebe Bowerman – (V David IV Ichabod & Lydia died unmar.
(VII).   Sarah Richmond – (vi Cyrus  V Jane  IV Ichabod & Lydia born in Hallowell 30th Dec. 1801; mar. Joseph Sing and resided in Meaford Ont.  They had issue viz. - -
                                                vii Sarah  vi Cyrus  V Jane  IV Ichabod & Lydia
            (VIII).  Cyrus R. Sing   - mar    -- Southard dau. Wm.
                      Josiah             -         Mary Jane Richards dau. John.
                      Abigail            -         Joseph Stovel of Meaford.
                      Rebecca         -         Rev. Isaac Baker.
            “Ameliasburg Prep. Mtg. of Women Friends held 2nd of 11th Mo. 1825 – a “proposal of marriage “-sig- “  Joseph Sing and Sarah Richmond”.
(VII).   Sylvester Richmond – (vi Cyrus  V Jane  IV Ichabod & Lydia – born in Hallowell 23rd April 1803; married 14th July 1828 Mary Eckhardt of Markham Ont.
(VII).   Lois Richmond (vi Cyrus  V Jane  IV Ichabod & Lydia – born 29th May 1807; died 1st June 1855; mar. (1). - - (1). Jeremiah Mabee – res. near Port Hope and had –
            (VIII).  Jemima Mabee who mar. Thomas son of David Bowerman. q.v. p 22
                        Jeremiah         (1) -----
[in the following relating to Lois there is a line leading to Lois Richmond above]
            Lois Richmond mar;                (2).       Thomas Brock and had one son?
p 13 (VII). Ichabod ??13) VI Cyrus (V Jane   (3).  Daniel Hopkins after his death returned to twp. of lark Co. Durham  Ont. and mar.
                                                            (4).       Hiram Moulton.  After the death of Lois, Hiram mar. her sister Jemima Richmond q.v.
                                                (vi Cyrus  V Jane  IV Ichabod & Lydia
(VII).   Jemima Richmond                                  “ [marr]           Aaron Gifford of Hamilton Ont.
                        (VIII).  Alfred Aaron Gifford –
p 13{                            Jemima married -------------“ (2). Hiram Moulton – see Lois.   
            - (VII) Isaiah  VI Cyrus) V Jane / (vi Ichabod  V. Jane           IV Ichabod & Lydia
            (VII).   James Armstrong Richmond born 24th July 1814; mar. 27th Nov 1836 – Roxana I. Fennell dau. of Abel Fennell; Roxanna was born 1st March 1819, Res. at “Prince Albert” C.W. –
            p23      (VIII).  Roxana P.           31st Dec. 1837; mar. 1857; James Nott.
                                Cyrene E.            1st Jan. 1840; died 1st Jan. 1841.
                                Asenath C.          17th Feb. 1842     13th Jan. 1856.
                                Diana J.               2nd May 1846.
                                James W.            22nd April 1852  died in infancy.
                                Ruth M.               24th Sept 1853;
                                Robert E.M.        20th Dec. 1858.
(VII).   John Richmond – born in Nottawasaga C.W. 1807.  He mar. and removed 1849 with his
            family to Cannon River Falls Minn.  He is said to have had a numerous issue among others-
            (VIII).  Allen Richmond.
                                    On next page  p 18.                
Image 37 – Carm Foster
[Image 37 is attached to the front of image 38 and consists of a newspaper clipping]
Clipping of R.J. Noxon to be attached.
[the following is the information on the newspaper clipping]
Death of R. J. Noxon
            Mr. Richard J. Noxon, the popular auctioneer, died at his home in Wellington Tuesday night.  Mr. Noxon’s health had been failing for upwards of a year, but he continued his occupation, conducting several large sales this year.  Mr. Noxon was born in Prince Edward county, but for a number of years resided in Manitoba, holding the appointment of gaoler at Brandon until the defeat of the Greenway Government.  Being a Liberal and very pronounced in his political principles, he was retired from that position.  Returning to Picton, he again took out an auctioneer’s licence and for a number of years has conducted most of the sales in this county, and his services were frequently solicited in adjoining counties.  Mr. Noxon’s part in the community has been well performed.  He leaves a widow and one son, Bert Noxon, of Hamilton.  Mr. Noxon was a member of the Masonic order and his funeral will take place under Masonic direction on Friday.
Image 38 – Carm Foster
[Image 37 a newspaper clipping, obituary for R. J. Noxon is attached to the front of this page]
p 14     (VII).   Elizabeth White – (vi Mary  V Eliz & Eben  IV Ich & Lydia mar. Benjamin Dunham and lived at the “Whitton” farm in Hillier twp. near “Slab-Creek” as the present village of “Hillier” was called before 1880.  Issue
            p 25-    (VIII). David Dunham.
p 14     (VII).   John White – (vi Mary  V Eliz & Eben  IV Ich & Lydia mar. (1). Anna Barker dau. of Joseph Barker and Polly dau. of Joseph Leavens, q.v (Levens) - -; Issue –
            p 25     (VII).   Barker White – mar.
b. 20 April 1823 “       Alfred          -            (1). Lydia Morden b 4 April 1829 dau of Richard of                                                                                         Sophiasburg
                                                (2). Lydia Brown dau. of Jos. And Matilda – (p  -)
( Issue See below       Truman        -            - - - -
            (VII)     John White [a line is drawn from this John White to the one above indicating a continuation of information.]            - mar. (2).Clara Sheldon.  John died in Bloomfield. - - -
            -25       (VIII).  John Stanley White – mar.        - - - - Cook, Res. twp. Hallowell.
                                Sanford                  -              Rachel, dau. John and Phebe Cronkhite.
                                Jane                        -             (1) - - - - Dorland.
                                                                       (2) James A. Gibson, (see Henry Cooper).
                                  Clara Ann               -             James Noxon, son of Jonathan & Jemima.
p 14     (VII).   Gideon White – (vi Mary  V Eliz & Eben  IV Ich & Lydia – res. near Consecon –  Co. Pr. Ed. – no data)
p 14     (VII).   Hannah White – (vi Mary  V Elizth & Eben  IV Ich & Lydia mar. Joseph Baker son of George Baker and Mary Cunningham. (see Baker & Cunningham or Richmond – page - - ).
            p 25     (VIII).  Aaron Baker –
                                  Mary Jane “  - mar.      (1). Richard Noxon of Hillier. Issue Richd & Gilbert
                                                           (2). ----Spafford of North Marysburg. (no issue)
d 13 Feb. 1900   “ --   Susannah                   Jonathan Brown.  (see Deborah Bowerman).
                                  Rebecca                    -
                                  Alva                          -
                                  Sarah Ann                 James Sanderson .(res. sometime in Picton).
                                  Catherine                  -     -     -     (suicide).
                                  Merritt                      -   -   -   (res. in twp. of Murray Ont.).
p 14     (VII)    Rebecca White (vi Mary  V Eliz & Eben  IV Ich & Lydia – Silas Ball and removed north of Toronto.
P 14     (VII).   Phebe          (vi Mary  V Eliza & Eben  IV Ich & Lydia mar. Thomas Wright. [this is followed by a handwritten, 2 over a 1 in brackets]
            (VII).   Palmer 
[the following list was written in long hand on the right side of the page]
(viii) Alfred White & Lydia Morden
            IX.       Anna M.          b.  6 Mar 1845
                      Mary E.             28 Feb 1847
                      Rebecca           “ 16 Oct 1848
                      Richard            “ 25 Apr 1851
                      John                “ 21 Feb 1853
                      Gilbert               6 Feb 1855
youngest          (VII). Reuben (vi Deborah  V Eliz & Eben  IV Ich & Lydia- Crandal  mar (youngest) =                                                                                                                                            - Chapin
b 15 Oct. 1812. 39      (VII).   James ^ Crandal = Fanny White
            oldest      1st     (VII).   John              
                        2d         (VII).   Stephen         Set Brantford
                        4th        (VII).   Jeremiah       
                        5th        (VII)    Joseph          
                        6th        (VII).   Soloman         - Minniapolis
                        7’         (VII)    Hiram            - drowned
            X omit             ???? not completed by names
                                    (VII).   Betsy (Elizth)  =  Winn
                                    (VII).   Hannah         “ =  Turner?
                                    (VII).   Sally (Sarah    =  Brintnell
                                    (VII).   Polly (Mary) “  =  S????w
                                    (VII).   Harriet            =  Copps
                                    (VII).   Julia                =  Gerald?
                                    (VII).   Emily               =  Winn
[on the left side of the page is a large bracket around the above Crandal group to the left of the bracket is M?4]
p 14-    (VII).   Palmer (vi Hannah  V Eliz & Eben  IV Ich & Lydia Ferguson – mar. Mary Ann Bowerman dau. Judah Bowerman and his (2nd 1:/6j?? wife mary Ann Morden) (Issue see p- )
            p 25     (VIII).  - William
                                    - Judah Henry
                                    - Rachel
                                    - Lavina
                                    - Margaret Eleanor
X Leave this to be filled later – ACB [from the strike out above “(VIII)” there is a line leading to this handwritten comment.]
Image 39 – Carm Foster
[large handwritten brackets  surround the 3 Pettit entries below]
            (VII).   Ebinezar Pettit - (vi Lucretia  V Eliz & Eben  IV Ich & Lydia
            (VII).   James Pettit.                                                            
            (VII).   Phebe Pettit.                                                            
            (VII).   John Dorland  vi Eliz  V Eliz & Eben  IV Ich & Lydia – born 14th Jan 1803; died – July 1844; married Elizabeth Jones.  She was born 14th Jan. 1808; died 1893.  They resided in the twp. of Hillier and had the foll. issue –
See Ault”         (VIII).  Gilbert Dorland – mar. Mary Elizabeth Stapleton.
p 25                           Robert J.           -       (3). Kate Thorne
   &6                                      Joseph               -        (born 19th Sept. 1832; died 2nd - - 1856).
p 26                           Mary Elizabeth   -       Thomas Caldwell.
                                  Sarah Ann         -       - - - - Foster of Fish-Lake.  Co. Pr. Ed.
                                  Matilda              -
                                  Tabitha              -      Alfred Foster of Fish-Lake        
                                  Samuel              -       Ida May Battles of Santa Maria California.
                                  John                   -      Angeline Jackson, res. Washington or Oregon.
see Ault  (VII). Thomas Dorland  (vi Eliz  V Eliz & Eben  IV Ich & Lydia – mar. Harriet Ogden.  Thos. born 1805; died 1833.  Issue –
                        (VIII).  Philinda Dorland – born 1829; died 1850.
            p 26 -             William Davis    - mar. Jane Graham.
            (VII).   Gilbert Dorland  (vi Eliz  V Eliz & Eben  IV Ich & Lydia – born 1807; drowned 1816.
See Ault (VII). Jonithan R         (vi Eliz  V Eliz & Eben  IV Ich & Lydia -        1810; died 1883; mar.                                                          Julia Ann Cole born 1820; and died in 1867.  The issue as foll. –
            p 26     (VIII).  Deborah Ann Dorland – born 1840, died 1842.
                                Elizabeth                    -  mar. Charles Peters.
                                Phebe C.                     -  born 1844; died 1858.
                                John R.                       -  mar. Amanda Prentice.
                                Samuel C.                   -     (2). Minnie Brown of Wooler Ont.
                                 James J.                      -  born 1850; died 1872.
                                  Harriet Alice               -        1852;       1853.
                                  Cordelia Ade.              -        1854;       1872.
                                  Florence C.                  -        1856;       1857.
            - 26                Willet C.                      -        1858; mar. Eliza A. Mabee of Wooler Ont
Ault     (VII).   Stephen P. (vi Eliz  V Eliz & Eben  IV Ich. & Lydia  Dorland – born 1812; not married;  resided in the twp. of Hillier, a carpenter by trade; died 1833.
Ault     (VII).   Deborah Ann (vi Eliz  V Eliz & Eben  IV Ich & Lydia  Dorland – born 1st May 1813; died 29th Apr. 1872; married 2nd Sept. 1838 John H Ferguson (d. 11th Mar. 1886.).  They resided in Wellington Co. Pr. Ed. and had. –
            26        (VIII).  Susan Ferguson -mar. James N. Carter – res. Picton.
             -                    Albert               - born 1842; died 1862.
            26                  Catherine          -        1846;       1847.
            -                     Eliz. Jane         -        1849;       1872.  unmar.
            26                 Cath. Augusta “ -        1851;       1884;  mar. James Ferguson.
Ault     (VII).   Samuel G. (vi Eliz  V Eliz & Eben  IV Ich & Lydia  Dorland – born 1816; died – Nov. 1891; mar. 4th Apr. 1841 Jane Smith (died 20th May 1892 at Toronto Can.  The family resided at Milverton Ont.  Issue –
            p 26 -   (VIII).  Wm. Henderson Dorland – mar.           Elizabeth Kester of Milverton.
                                Betsy Maria                    -                 Jos. Lusted. Res. Monckton Ont.
                                Lydia                              -                 John Hunter of Milverton.
              -                   Nettie Alberta                 -  not mar. res. in Norwich Ont.
            26 -                Susan Eliza                     -  mar.          Geo. H. Stephenson of Norwich.
             -  -                Deborah Ann                  -                 Jessie Voce of Detroit Mich.
             27-                Stephen Thos.                 -                 Annie Stone of Duluth.  He died on the                                                                                      17th Sept.1896.
            27                  Joseph Cicero                  -   Mary J. Tucker of Stratford Ont.
  -                   Isaac James                      -   not mar. died 6th Oct. 1881 Bay City Mich.
Ault     (VII).   Lydia Trumpour (vi Eliz  V Eliz & Eben  IV Ich & Lydia  Dorland – born 3rd Mar. 1819; mar. 3rd Jan. 1839 John PierPierson of Hillier, res. at - -  and had - -
            P 27 - (VIII). Sarah Elizabeth Pierson – mar. Wm. R. Roberts of Nanaimo B.C. Can.
                                Joseph D.                      -      Mary Schneoringer of Berlin Ont.
                                William J.                     -  born 7th Oct. 1849; died 5th May 1862, Percy Ont.
                                Charles                          -  mar.           Ada Jane Musgrave. res. Milverton.
                                  Stephen A.                     -      Sarah J. Riebe of Detroit Mich.
Sarah S.                   -            1873  Lewis L. Lovell.
                              Phebe L.                  -            1868  Wm. Norman.
                      Mary White Dorland  - - -        mar.    (2). 1854- Jos. Walters – Picton
                                  Charles W. Walters – born 1855; mar. 1888 Ella Franks.
                                  William A.             -        1858 died 1887.                                                  
Ault     (VII).   Mary White (vi Elizth  V Eliz & Eben  IV Ich. & Lydia  Dorland – born 1821; died 1887; mar. (1) Wm. Terwilliger – Issue
p 27                 (VIII).  Lydia R. Terwilliger – mar. (1) Wm. H. Clark.  (He died 1866).
Image 40 – Carm Foster
[Note: The next two pages appear to be copied from the "Records of the Dorland Family in America" by  John Dorland Cremer, 1898. 
The full text can be seen online at Our Roots.  Thanks to Margaret Sharon for this insight.]
(Dorland                                              (P 20 )    (5 sheets)                                                    (1)
                                    From “The Dorland Family in America”.
            (I)        Jan Gerretse Dorlant (arrived in New Amsterdam 1652) born about 1625 – and was living in 1711-.
                        mar.     (1) - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -about 1653-54
                                   (2) 1667- Mary Remsen dau. of Rem Jansen Vanderbeck and Jannetje Rapalic who mar. 21st Dec. 1642.
                                    Children of Jan Gerretse Dorlant.
                        By first wife.                                         By second wife.
                        (II) Gerretse Gerretse                           (II) Rem
                        (II) Elias                                               (II) Mary (Marretje)
                        (II) Samuel                                           (II) Anna (Annatje)
                        (II) Christina (Stynje)                            (II) Elsie (Elseje)
                        (II) Gertrude (Gertjie)                           (II) John (Jan)
            (II) Elias Dorlant born about 1656; died 1692; mar. about 1680 Mrs. Miriam Williams (widow – born about 1647; dau. of Henry and Anne Pearsall of Hempstead (see D.I. Genea-)
                        (III) Elias
                      +(III) John
            (III)      John Dorlandt born 2nd Mo. 9th 1686 in Hempstead D.I. died 3rd Mo. 31st 1780; mar.1715 Mary Bedell, born 6-21-1699.
                        (IV) Miriam
                        (IV)  Anna
                        (IV) John jr.
                     + (IV) Samuel
                        (IV) Joseph
                        (IV) Mary
                        (IV) Elias
            (IV) Samuel Dorland born 2-24-1721; died 11-7-1809; mar. 12-16-1743, Anna Esmond born 2-18-1726; died 7-21-1801 (Beekman NY
                        (V) Elizabethb  born 4-18-1726; died 7-14-1800; mar. Andrew Moore, res. Dutchess  Co. N.Y.
                        (V) Gilbert  born 3-10-1747; died 10-26-1774; mar. Lydia Ricketson (projenitor Noxon family)
                      +(V) John  born 2-12-1749; died 6-5-18333; mar. (1) Elizth. Ricketson res. Adolphustown.
                        (V) Mary born 1-29-1752; died 5-3-1792; mar. 1774 Elias Clapp
                        (V) Enoch born 12-4-1753; died 8-31-1834; mar. 1776 Dorcas Soames, Dutchess Co.  N.Y.   
                        (V) Philip born 9-9-1755; died 12-18-1814; mar. Elizabeth Bedell dau. Isaac Co. Pr.  Ed.
                        (V) Samuel     7-6-1757; died 5-2-1828; mar. 1780 (1) Rebecca Soames, Dutchess Co. N.Y.  
                        (V) Thomas “   4-17-1759; died 3-6-1832; mar. 4 times.
                        (V) Letty        3-9-1761; died - - - - - - - -;      Reuben Bedell of Adolphustown.
                        (V) Anna        9-29-1763; died - - - - - - -;      Philip Flagler.
                        (V) Miriam     1-22-1767; died 8-26-1824; mar. 1793, John Lossing of Dutchess Co. N.Y.
            (Note- Of the above family only John – Mary – Philip – Thomas - Letty – and Anna, came to Canada)
Image 41 – Carm Foster
Dorland                                                                                                                                               (II)
            (V) John Dorland born 2-19-1749 in Hempstead D.I. [sic] died 6-5-1833 in Adolphustown, mar. (1) 1-30-1770. Elizabeth Ricketson born 9-8-1751; died 11-13-1819)
                        (VI)      Anna
                        (VI)      Mary
                        (VI)      Bathsheba
                        (VI)      Gilbert
                        (VI)      John jr.
                      +(VI)     Joseph
                        (VI)      Merebeth
                        (VI)      Thomas
                        (VI)      Elizabeth
                        (VI)      Tabitha born 1790; mar. 1820 James Foster of Hillier, settled 1802; came from U.S.  Issue post.
                        (VI)      Lydia
                        (VI       Samuel
            (VI)      Joseph Dorland born 1-4-1780; died 1832; mar. in Dutchess Co.
                                    p15 (VI)-          Elizabeth Palmer dau. Ebenezar and (V) Elizabeth Bowerman (dau. IV? Ichabod) & Lydia Mott. 
                                                            They settled in the tp. Ameliasburgh (Hillier) in 1802.
            below   (VII)    John born 1-14-1803; died 7-?-1844; mar.     Eliz’th Jones.
                        (VII)    Thomas “  -----  1805;       -----1833;           Harriet Ogden.
                        (VII)    Gilbert     -----  1807;       -----1816;
                        (VII)    Jonathan R.    b, 3-3-1810   -----1883;          Julia Ann Cole
                        (VII)    Stephen P.      “ - -1812;     “----1833;
                        (VII)    Deborah Ann  5-1-1813; “ 4-29-1872 “        John H. Ferguson of Hillier.
                        (VII)    Samuel G. born –1816;       “11--1891;          Jane Smith (Milverton)
                        (VII)    Lydia Trumpour born  3-3-1819; died,            John Pierson of Hillier Co. Pr. Ed.
                        (VII)    Mary White born - - 1821; died - - 1887; mar.                                                                                                                                                 (1) Wm. Terwilliger & (2) Joseph Walters.
                        (VII)    Joseph J. born - - 1824; died - - - 1833;
                        (VII)    James J.         - - 1827;                      ; mar. Sarah Patterson of Pr. Ed. Co. res.                                                                                             Gilroy Calif. U.S.A.
                        (VII)    Cicero H. born – 1830;                          ; res. Castleton.
            (VII) John Dorland 1-14-1803; died 7---1844; mar. Elizabeth Jones (b 1-14)1808; died 1893-                                                                                               res. Hillier.
V. p 25             (VIII) Gilbert b 11-9-1828; mar. Mary Eliza Stapleton of Hillier, born 1831; died 1896)
                                    (IX)      Ada J.  b 1855; res. Watsonville Calif.
                                    (IX)      Augusta”1860; mar. Richd McDonald, Trenton.
                                    (IX)      Matilda “1863;   “ ------Roblin.
                                    (IX)      Maud     “1866;      Wallace Huyck, Salinas D?
                                                                        (X) Ida
                                                                        (X) Gertrude
                                                                        (X) Wallace B.
                                    (IX)      Elbert     “1871; res. Morganton Ont.
                        (VIII)   Robert Jones born 6-9-1830; died 2-Feb.1910.  mar. (3) 4-22-1862; Kate Thorn  (d 8-20-1880;)
                                    (IX)      Edith Emily b 5-10-1863; died 8-8-1876.
                                    (IX)      Cora Jones   “ 8-17-1865;
                        (VIII)   Joseph born 9-19-1832; died 2----1856.
                        (VIII)   Mary Elizabeth b 9-25-1834; mar. 1856. Thos. Caldwell (died 1876 Picton Ont. (6 ch.)
                        (VIII)   Sarah Ann born 8-7-1836; mar. - - - Foster, Fish Lk
                        (VIII)   Matilda            2-9-1838; died - - - 1874.
                        (VIII)   Tabitha            7-31-1839; died-Mar. 1861; Alfred Foster of Fish Lake. Co. Pr.  Ed. (4 ch.)
                        (VIII)   Samuel Jas. Born 8-13-1841; mar. Ida May Battles. Res. in Santa Maria Calif. where he died.
John  b 3-14-1845. mar. Angeline Jackson, res. in Oregon USA.   
Image  42 - Doug Smith
Dorland                                                                                                                                               (III)
            (VII) Thomas Dorland born 1805; died 1838?; mar. Harriet Ogden.
                        (VIII) Philanda b 1829; d 1850;
                        (VIII) Wm. Davis  “ -  -  -  - mar. Jane Graham ( D 1871)
                                    (IX) Jane      b 1856
                                    (IX) Thomas b 1858
                                    (IX) William    1860
                                    (IX) Charles     1862
                                    (IX) John     b   1864
            (VII) Gilbert Dorland born – 1807 ; drowned 1816.
            (VII) Jonathan Ricketson Dorland b 1810 ; d 1883 ; mar. Julia Ann Cole ( b 1820  d 1869) res. Colborne, Ont.
                        (VIII) Deborah Ann  b 1840 ; d 1842.
                        (VIII) Elizabeth         " 1843 ; mar. Chas. Peters ; (7 ch )
                        (VIII) Phebe C.          " 1844 ; died 1858.
                        (VIII) John R.            " 1846 ; mar. Amanda Prentice of Grand  Rapids Mich.
                                    (IX) Willet Prentice b 1875 ; 8 ’82.
                        (VIII) Samual Cole b 1848 ; mar. (2) 1885, Minnie Brown of Wooler Ont.
                                    (IX) Beatrice  b 1886
                                    (IX) Lelia       " 1887
                                    (IX) Elizabeth Ann b & d 1889.
                        (VIII) James J. b 1850 ; d 1872.
                        (VIII) Harriet Allice b 1852 ; d 1853
                        (VIII) Cordelia Adelaide b 1854 ; d 1872.
                        (VIII) Florence C. b 1856 d 1857.
                        (VIII) Willet C. b 1858 ; mar. Eliz Ann Mabie, Wooler Ont.
                                    (IX) Frank A. b 1884 ;
                                    (IX) Clara        " 1886 ; d 1894.
                                    (IX) James A.   " 1888.
                                    (IX) Alice         " 1896.
            (VII) Stephen P. Dorland born 1812 ; died 1833.
            (VII) Deborah Ann Dorland " 5 – 1 – 1813 ; died 4 – 29 – 1872 ; mar. 9 – 2 – 1838, John H. Ferguson ( d 3 – 11 – 1886) res. Wellington  Co. Pr. Ed.
                        (VIII) Susan born 6 – 2 – 1839 ; mar. 10 – 18 – 1857, James N. Carter,                                                                                                                                             Picton  Ont. (ch. - )
                        (VIII) Albert born -  -  - 1842 ; d  1862
                        (VIII) Catherine born - - 1845 ; "  1847.
                        (VIII) Eliz’th Jane " -     1849 ; d "1872.
                        (VIII) Cath Augusta " -   18 51 ; "  1884 ; mar. James Ferguson
                                    (IX) Bertha b 1874;
Image 43 - Doug Smith
(Dorland)                                                                                                                                            (IV)
            (VII) Samuel G. Dorland b 1816 ; d Nov? 1891 ; mar. 14 th April 1841
                                    Jane Smith  (D 2 th May 1892  t  Toronto ) res. Milverton.
                        (VIII) William Henry, mar. Eliza Kester, Milverton.
                                    (IX) Samuel Gil. b 14 th Apr. 1893      
                                    (IX) Thomas       "  4 th Dec. 1896
                                    (IX) Bertha May " 
                                    (IX) Bessie          "
                        (VIII) Betsy Maria  b  11 th June 1869 ; mar. Jos. Lusted ;  res. Moncton Ont.
                                    (IX) Ada Maria
                                    (IX) Nellie Louisa
                                    (IX) William
                        (VIII) Lydia  mar. John Hunter, Milverton Ont.
                                    (IX) Jos. Cicero
                                    (IX) Ada Maria
                                    (IX) Peter
                                    (IX) Samuel Nelson
                                    (IX) Stephen Thos.
                                    (IX) Susan
                        (VIII) Nettie Alberta  -  - unmar/. res. Norwich ONT.
                        (VIII) Susan Eliza -  - . mar. Geo. H. Stephenson, Norwich.
                                    (IX) Roxy Dorland
                                    (IX) Archie Thos.
                                    (IX) James Albert
                        (VIII) Deborah Ann, mar. Jesse Voce, Detroit Mich.
                        (VIII) Stephen Thos. b - - - d 17 th Sept. 1896 ;  mar. Annie Stone, Res. Duluth.
                                    (IX) Lilian D.
                                    (IX) William
                                    (IX) May
                                    (IX) Bertha
                        (VIII) Jos. Cicero, mar. Mary J. Tucker, Stratford Ont.
                                    (IX) Walter
                                    (IX) Edna
                                    (IX) Bertram Howard
                                    (IX) Clifford
                        (VIII) Isaac James – d 6 th Oct. 1881 at Bay City Mich.
            (VII) Lydia Trumpour Dorland b 3 rd Mar. 1819 ; at Hillier Ont. mar. 3 rd Jan. 1839,                                                                                                                           John Pierson of Hillier;
                        (VIII) Sarah Eliz’th  b  24 th Aug 1841 ; mar. 18 th Jan. 1859, Wm Roberts, res.                                                                                                                                              Nanaimo B.C.
                        (VIII) Jos. Dorland b 24 th Mar. 1844 ; mar. 24 th Oct 1870, at Berlin Ont.                                                                                                     Nancy Schneoringer, res. at Gretna Man.
                                    (IX) Mary  b 2 nd Sept. 1871 ; mar. Christian Pieper.
                        (VIII) Wm. Jas.  b 7 th Oct. 1849 ; d  5 th May 1862, Percy ;
                        (VIII) Charles     " 29 th Mar. 1854 ; mar. 19 th Apr. 1876 Ada Jane Musgrave
                                    (IX) Claude M. b 24 th Mar. 1877, Milverton Ont.
                                    (IX) Wm. Herbert b 18 th Mar. 1879       "
                                    (IX) Clara Eugene b 17 th Mar. 1883, at Wiarton Ont.
                                    (IX) Eunice Mildred b 25 th Mar. 1888      "
                                    (IX) Albert Evan b 18 th June 1892            "
                        (VIII) Stephen Albert b 11 th Nov. 1857 ; mar. 24 th Aug. 1881 at Detroit Mich.                                                                                                         Sarah Jos. Reibe, ( Cainesville Ont.
                                    (IX) Roy b 19 th Aug. 1884, Milverton.
Image 44 - Doug Smith
(Dorland)                                                                                                                                            (V)
            (VII) Mary White Dorland – b – 1821 ; d – 1887 ; mar. (I) 1842 Wm. Terwilliger.
                        (VIII) Lydia R. b 1844 ; mar. (I) 1863 W. H. Clark ( D 1865)
                                    (IX) Adelbert Edmund  b 1866;
                        (VIII) Sarah Sophronia  b 1846 ; d 17 th Mar. 1882 ; mar. 1873 Lewis L. Lovell.
                        (VIII) Phebe Louisa B – 1850 ; mar. 1868 Wm. Norman (5 ch)
              "        "           "         "       mar. (2) 1854, Jos. Walters, res. Picton Ont.
                                    (IX) Charles Walters, b 1855 ; mar. 1888 Ella Franks.
                                    (IX) Wm. Albert b – 1858 ;  d – 1887.
            (VII) Jos. J. Dorland  b – 1824 ; d – 1833.
            (VII) James J. Dorland  b – 1827 ; mar. Sarah Patterson of Sophiasburg Co. Pr. Ed. Ont. (Born                                                                                                           1834) res. Gilroy California.
                        (VIII) Sarah Cath. b – 1853 ; mar. (I) Jas. Mathews
                                    (IX) Robert John –
                                    (IX) James D.
                                    (IX) Sarah P.
                                    (IX) Jennie L.
                                  Sarah Cath.  mar. (2) John E. Ostrander res. Watsonville Calif.
                                    (IX) Catherine
                                    (IX) John
                        (VIII) Philinda L. b – 1855 ; mar. D. C. Riddell, ( b 1833) res. Gilroy and San Fransico
                                    (IX) Philinda L. b – 1873 ;
                                    (IX) DeWitt Speer  b – 1875 ;
                                    Philinda l. mar. (2) - -
                        (VIII) Jane P.  b - - 1856 ; mar. Jas C. Zuck, of Gilroy Calif. Was U. S. Consul at Tien                                                                                                                        Tzin China, in 1886.
                                    (IX) Ralph James b – 1876 ; mar.
                                    (IX) Marguerite     " -  1878 :
                                    (IX) Rosamond      " – 1887 ;  "
                        (VIII) Andrew P. b – d – 1858 ;
                        (VIII) Robert Jas.  b – 1860 ; d – 27 th June 1897 ; mar. Louisa M. Wentz, Phoenix,                                                                                                                                       Ariz.
                                    (IX) Christian W.  b – 1885 ;
                                    (IX) Robert            "  - 1890 ;
                        (VIII) Mary Ann -  b – d – 1863
                        (VIII) Victoria - - - - d – inr.
                        (VIII) Phila Ann – b – 1866 ; mar. Frank C. Staniford of Mass. res. Gilroy Calif.                                                                                                                                                          (no iss)
            (VII) Cicero H. Dorland , b – 1830 ; res. and died at Castleton Ont. (Sept 21)
Image 45 - Doug Smith
            (VII) James J. Dorland (vi Eliz v Eliz & Eben iv Ich & Lydia) – born 14 th Sept. 1827 ; mar. Sarah Patterson ( b. 26 Nov. ’34) reside at Gilroy Cal. Issue as fol. - -
                        (VIII) Sarah Catherine Dorland – mar. (1) James Mathews.
                                                                              mar. (2) John E. Ostrander, Watsonville Ca
                            "     Philinda                   "        -   "  D. C. Riddell – San Francisco, Cal.
                            "     Jane Patterson         "        -   "  James C. Zuck, Gilroy Cal.
                            "     Andrew P.               "        - - - - (born 1858 ; died 1858).
                            "     Robert James           "        - mar. (1) Louisa M. Wentz, Gilroy Cal.
                                                                                       (2) Mrs. Geneva Johnson, Santa Cruz.
                            "     Phila Ann (Phiso)    "  born 1866 ; mar. Frank C. Staniford, Gilroy.
            (VII) Cicero H. Dorland  (vi James I. v Eliz & Eben iv Ich & Lydia) – born 30 th Mar. 1830 ; in the twp. of Hillier ; lived with Gilbert Dorland, father of Dr. Willet Dorland M.P.P. from 1835 to 1850 ; He learned the carpenter’s trade with John H. Ferguson in the village of Wellington ; afterwards learned dentistry about 1854.
            Cicero was one of thr first “Daguerotype” artists to settle in the twp. of Percy Ont.; He resided at Castleton the time of his death, 9 th May 1900; and had been for years a practicing dentist. He is buried in the Cemetery at Wellington Co. Pr. Ed.; originally the burial ground of the Soc. of Friends. Cicero H. Dorland was not married.
            (VII) Henry Palmer (vi James I. v Eliz & Eben iv Ich & Lydi)  see letter of Insert born (Palmer)
            (VII) Elizabeth Palmer  "      "      "      - born 8 th Sept. 1815 ; mar. 1 st Jan 1833 Daniel B. Dorland son of Philip, ( Daniel died 23 rd Dec. 1885).
                        (VIII) Adelaide Dorland – b 19 th May 1834  mar. 9 th Mar. ’67, John W. Wood.
                            "     Wm. Hy.      "        - b 4 th  Dec. 1836     "  Mary E. Sconton 17 Jun. ‘ 61.
                            "      Jos. Bedell   "        - b 20 th Dec. 1838    "  died 24 May 1878.
                            "      Agnes Eliz.  "        - b 18 th Aug. 1843   mar. Ezra Armstrong.
                            "      Phebe Ann   "        - b 26 th Jan. 1845      "     Adam Dreasler – Oct. ’81.
                            "      James Franklin "   - b 2 nd Nov. 1849      "     Jennie Armstrong – 1879.
            (VII) Nancy Palmer – (vi James I. v Eliz & Eben iv Ich & Lydia)  See 21 p
            (VII) Rossannah Palmer (vi James I. v Eliz & Eben iv Ich & Lydia)
            (VII) Rachel Palmer       (vi James I. v Eliz & Eben iv Ich & Lydia)
            (VII) Phebe Palmer         (vi James I. v Eliz & Eben iv Ich & Lydia)
            (VII) Benjamin Palmer   (vi James I. v Eliz & Eben iv Ich & Lydia )- born 24 th Feb. 1825 ; mar. 26 th May 1844 Sarah A. Young  dau. Hans Young “Consecon” ; died 25 th Nov. 1890.
                        (VIII) Henrietta Palmer – b 23 rd Dec. 1846 ; mar. 19 th Jan. ’70 ; W. N. Lord. no issue
                            "     Byron W.    "       - b 3 rd Sept. 1848 ;      "    8 th May ‘ 82 Angeline Titus 
                            "     Sarah Faustinia " – b 23 rd May 1851. not mar. lived Hillier
                            "     Solomon Levi "   - b 28 th Jun. 1853 ;    mar. 9 th Jun. 1886 M. J. Hyland.
                            "     Nancy L.    "     - b 14 th Apr. 1855 ;    ‘d 21 un mar.  
                            "     Hannah E.   "      - b  3 rd Feb. 1857 ; died 17 th Feb. 1867.
                            "     Arthur B.    "      - b 12 th Feb. 1859 ;  "  27 th Nov. 1879
                            "     John H.       "      - b 3 rd Mar. 1861 ; mar. 6 Feb ’89 Fannie Bush
                                    ix Phillis
                            "     Ella B.         "     - b 29 th Jan. 1863 ; died 25 th Mar. 1864.
                            "     Sidney B.    "     - b 17 th Aug. 1866 ; mar. 20 th Jun 1888 Elda S. Leavens dau. of  - -
                                    ix Roy
                                    " Leonard
                            "      Cory N.     "     - b 11 th Jan. 1870 ; mar. 11 th Jun. 1893 Sarah E. Flindall dau. of -  -
                                    ix Benj. L.    b 13 Dec  1893
                                    "  G. Austin  b 19 Mar  1895
                                    "  Dorothy C. L.  b 19 Oct  1896
                                    "  Luella M.  b 30 Nov  1898
                                    "  (?) Nora
            (VII)   Lilian  Palmer  ( Lydia & Marvin –– dies in Eng. )
            (VII) Reuben Crandal  ( vi Phebe v Eliz & Eben iv Ich & Lydia)
            (VII) Gilbert Crandal   ( vi Phebe v Eliz & Eben iv Ich & Lydia)
            (VII) Almira Crandal   ( vi Phebe v Eliz & Eben iv Ich & Lydia)
            (VII) Francis Crandal  ( vi Phebe v Eliz & Eben iv Ich & Lydia)
            (VII) Joseph Daly        ( vi Phebe v Eliz & Eben iv Ich & Lydia)
            (VII) Daniel Daly        ( vi Phebe v Eliz & Eben iv Ich & Lydia)
Image 46 - Doug Smith
(Palmer)                                                                                                          (1)        (21)
(VII) (Henry Palmer) Insert ( This item is exactly as given by Henry in a letter in pos. of same? files)
p 21 -   (VII) Henry Palmer – (VI) James I. (V) Elizabeth Bowerman – (IV) Ichabod – (III) Thos.
                                    (II) Thos. – (I) Thos.    
              "      Henry born ---1819 – mar. (I) Jane Wilson, born in Scotland 1820.
                                                (VIII) Agnes                        born ---1841-.  see below
                                                   "       James R.                     "        1845  .
            p 16 - (VIII) Agnes mar. Martin Barret – 1868 – Martin died 1892.
                                                (IX) James Henry Palmer Barret born 1872.
                                                            mar. Clunes Hardy 1899.  see below (issue Virginia)
                                                (IX) Louisa Hart Barret  born 1875
                                                            mar. Albert F. Robbins  N. Y. State. (Issue Carl)
                                         "     James R. born 1845, mar. Millie Flagler, 1870.
                                                (IX) Agnes Teresa Palmer born 1871.
            ( " ) Henry      -    - mar. (2) Lucrecia Noxon in 1849, born 1827 died 1888.
Image 47 - Doug Smith
(Palmer)                                                          (II)                                                       (21 )
            (VI) Eliz. Palmer mar. Jos. Dorland see p. 21.
p 15     (VI) (page 15) Stephen Palmer, mar. Abigail Jones and set. Whitby;
                        (VII) Jones                                                             "         "
                        (VII) David                                                            "     U. S.
                        (VII) Henry                                                            "     Toronto
                        (VII) Thomas                                                         "     Ohio
                        (VII) Amanda – died age 20, unmar.
p 15     (VI) Joseph Palmer, mar. Ruth Ogden – Striker,                 "     Hillier
                        (VII) Sampson                                                       "     Hastings
                        (VII) Dorland                                                         "     Sidney
                        (VII) Daniel                                                            "     Trenton
                        (VII) Thomas                                                         "     Hastings
                        (VII) Jane – died aged 20, unmar.
            (VI) Jas. I. Palmer (p 16)
p 16     (VII) Nancy, (VI) Jas. I. Palmer. ( v Eliz & Eben iv Ich & Lydia)
                       "  mar. Asal Townsend and set. in Hillier.
                        (VIII) Phebe J. mar. Irvine Valleau, set. Hillier;
                                    (IX) Dudley mar. Annie May, Murray, no issue;
                                    (IX) Laura        "    Herbert Grayson, Ameliasburgh
                                                (X) Harry
                                    (IX) Emma       "    Daniel Morden, Hillier, no is-
                                    (IX) Peter         "    Theresa Mabee, set. Calif.
                                                (X) Everett
                                                (X) Hazel
                                                (X) Walter
                        (VIII) Laura mar. Albert Hawley, set. Napanee,
                                                (IX) Laura
                                                (IX) Emma
                        (VIII) Emma     mar.    Charles Howe, set. Lakeshore, no issue.
                        (VIII) John         "        Fannie Nethery, Ameliasburgh,
                                                (IX) Franklin
                                                (IX) Marguerite
p 16     (VII) Rosanna, (VI) Jas. I. Palmer. v Elizabeth & Ebenezer iv Ichabod & Lydia Mott
                                    mar. (1) James Snider, set. Ameliasburgh;
                                                (VIII) Lydia A.
                                                (VIII) Abner
                                                (VIII) Nancy J.
                                                (VIII) Stephen W.
                                                (VIII) Fletcher
                                      "     (2) Peter Bradley
ditto     (VII) Henry, (VI) James I. Palmer qv
p 16     (VII) Rachel    "  John Ferguson, set. Trenton, no issue. v Elizabeth & Ebenezer iv Ichabod & Lydia Mott
p 16     (VII) Benjamin, (VI) James I. Palmer; see page 21      v Elizabeth & Ebenezer iv Ichabod & Lydia Mott
p 16     (VII) Phebe, (VI) James I. Palmer,                                v Elizabeth & Ebenezer iv Ichabod & Lydia Mott  mar. Henry Young, set. Hillier;
                                                (VIII) James H. P. mar. Hettie Stapleton, Hillier;
                                                                        (IX) Lela
                                                              "                   "    (2) Jennie Diamond  (Esther Jane)
                                                                        (IX) Marieline
                                                (VIII) Elgin                   set. Rochester N. Y.
                                                (VIII) Wilbur  mar. set. Manitoba
                        Claude Young                          (IX) Claude
Image 48 - Doug Smith
                          (vi) Mary v Hannah ll sch & Lydia
            (VII) -------------------                  Scriver
            (VII)                "                       "
            (VII)                "                       "           [ broad X drawn through these 5 items]
            (VII)                "                       "
            (VII)                "                       "
                                                             (vi Mary V Hannah iv Ich & Lydia
            (VII) Jane Ann Bettice – mar. Johnathan Vincent. qv = (2) Jas. Scriverthan (VIII)
            (VII)  Margaret Vincent             (vi Mary V Hannah iv Ich & Lydia
            (VII) Hannah Vincent             (vi Mary V Hannah iv Ich & Lydia
            (VII) James Vincent             (vi Mary V Hannah iv Ich & Lydia
            (VII) Phila Vincent             (vi Mary V Hannah iv Ich & Lydia
            (VII) John Vincent – mar. Sarah dau. Josiah Bull and Sarah Cunningham (see Bull)
            (VII) John Smith             (vi Mary V Hannah iv Ich & Lydia
            (VII) Gersham Smith             (vi Mary V Hannah iv Ich & Lydia
            (VII)                    "
            (VII)                    "
            (VII)                    "
            (VII) James Scriver Butts vi David v Hannah iv Ich & Lydia
                                                       mar (1) Roxylana? Elsworth (2) Sarah Jane (Hill) Kingsley  (dau. V Nancy & George qv)  widow of Edwin Newnham? Kingsley & mother of Mrs Ges. E. VanDuren, Picton (v. Hill) 
            (VII) John Scriver  Butts         
            (VII) Joseph  Scriver    Butts   
            (VII) Paulina Scriver  Butts      
            (VII) Merrit Scriver  Butts       
            (VII) Nial Bowerman  vi John V David iv Ich & Lydia
            (VII) Isaac B Bowerman         
            (VII) Elias Bowerman                        
            (VII) Rachel Bowerman           
            (VII) Sarah Ann Bowerman     
            (VII) Catherine Bowerman – mar. Gilbert Orser (vi Benoni v David iv Ich & Lydia
            (VII) Charlotte Bowerman mar. –Wartman         (vi Benoni v David iv Ich & Lydia
            (VII) Gideon Bowerman                                        (vi Benoni v David iv Ich & Lydia
                                                       mar. Mary Beadle, dau. of Elias Beadle of Bloomfield Gideon was a protege of his uncle Stephen Bowerman and married the grandaughter of Issac beadle. at one time Stephen’s partner in the “salt-well” Issue - -
                        (VIII) James Bowerman – b.    d.   mar. (1) Charlotte Williams
                                                                                "     (2) Melvina Lovelace.
                        (VIII) Sarah Bowerman – b.             "           Corey Clark.
            (VII) David Bowerman [as above] mar. Nancy Low ; resided at Castleton Ont. afterwards removing to Springfield Ill. about 1860    Issue
David Bowerman of Wellington initiated into No 18 Wed. afid?? at Picton 2 Dec 1848 Passed 12 Dec 1850 Raised 10 April 1851 Ribb?dites?
                        (VIII) Elizabeth Ann Bowerman
                           "      Charlotte                "            mar. Hiram Gould (bro. of Dr Gould of Colborne
                           "      Margaret               "              "    Jos. Bennet of Springfield Ill.
                           "      William Henry     "        b. in Wellington Co Pr. Ed. 1852; lived 14 years at Springfield Ill. ; railroad employee and was killed by R.R. accident ; buried on Sunday 20th Mar. 1881.
                        (VIII) George Bowerman -       -        - res. in Nebraska.
            (VII) Thomas Bowerman [as above] mar. Jemima Mabee, both proteges of Stephen Bowerman
                        (VIII) Lloyd Bowerman
                            "     Hiram
                            "     Lois Rebecca “not mar. lived with Cyrus R. Sing of Meaford Ont.
                                           mar. (2)      -        -         -  ?
                        (VIII) Charlotte Bowerman
                            "     Matilda
Image 49 - Doug Smith
[This page typed on paper, not a tissue carbon copy]
            (VII) David Bowerman (VI) Benoni – (V) David – (IV) Ichabod – (III) Thos?
                        (II) Thos. (I) Thos.
                                    mar. Nancy Low – Nancy had a sister Elizabeth who never mar. tho. she had a daughter who was “brought up” by Elsie Tyrrel of 6th Con. of Tp. Murray. Elizabeth was known a “Betsy” and later she lived for many years with Henry McDonald and his wife Hannah (Petingill). (The latter from Albany NY) “Betsys” child was a girl, dau. of Wm. Henry Secord The latter was a blacksmith and worked in David’s shop.
(Diagram of Wellington with shop, by Allen McDonald son of Henry)
map image 49
Image  50 – Carm Foster
p 17     (VII).   Rebecca (vi Benoni  V David  IV Ich. & Lydia  Ann Bowerman- mar. -Brooks.
   17     (VII).   Nancy (vi Benoni  V David  IV Ich & Lydia  Bowerman – mar. Donaldson Eckert, son of  Tunis Eckert who married Rebecca widow of Benoni Bowerman and Nancy’s mother.  Nancy died at 136 Suter St. Toronto 29th June 1903, aged 80 years; and is buried at  “Bowerman’s Church”, near which the family originally resided.
            P 25     (VIII).  George Eckert – (124 Bond St. Toronto
  17      (VII).   Fanny Ann (vi Sarah  V David  IV Ich & Lydia  Hutcheson – mar. Alva Morden – res. at   “Morden” Manitoba.
           (VII).   Jonithan (vi Lydia  V David  IV Ich & Lydia  Ricketson Trumpour –b. - - - died in Kingston Ont.  Kept a grain Storehouse at Wellington – owned & occupies a farm in north end of  Village – Issue  Mrs Robt Reid – later Mrs. Robt Clapp & later Mrs - - -  d in Picton May 1913
            (VII). --
            (VII). –
                                                EIGHTH GENERATION.
17        (VIII).  Cyrus (vii Sarah  vi Cyrus  V Jane  IV Ichabod & Lydia  Richmond Sing –b.
                        d. 25th April 1904 at his home in Meaford Ont.  A local paper states that he was “a  prominent Quaker; a former Mayor of Meaford; a man well known through the country;                                    leaving a widow and five children.”-
                        (IX).     W.H. Sing -                  -res. Meaford Ont.
                                   J. G. Sing  -                  - Public Works Dept. Toronto
                                                           b.         m. W.T. Moore of Meaford.
                                                           b.         m. A. McK. Cameron  
17        (VIII).  Josiah (VII Sarah  vi Cyrus  V Jane  IV Ich &L.  Sing – b.      d.         m. Mary Jane Richards dau. John. (Picton)
17        (VIII).  Abigail (VII Sarah  vi Cyrus  V Jane  IV Ich    Sing – b.     d.            m. Joseph  Stovel of Meaford.
17        (VIII).  Rebecca (vii Sarah  vi Cyrus V Jane  IV    Sing – b.             d.         m. Rev. Isaac Baker.
17        (VIII).  Jemima (vii Lois  vi Cyrus  V Jane  IV Ich & L  Mabee – b   d.           m. Thomas Bowerman son David 22
17        (VIII).  Jeremiah                                                           Mabee – b   d.
17        (VIII).  Alfred (vii Jemima  vi Cyrus  V Jane  IV Ich & L.  Aaron Gifford – b.   d.
17        (VIII).  Roxana (vii James  vi Ichabod  V Jane  IV Ich & Lydia  P. Richmond – b. 31st Dec. 1837;   mar. 1857. James Nott.
17        (VIII).  Diana (vii James  vi Ich.  V Jane  IV Ich & Lyd  Jane Richmond – b. 2nd May 1846;
17        (VIII).  Ruth (vii James  vi Ich.  V Jane  IV Ich & Lyd  Melvina Richmond – b. 24th Sept. 1853.
            (VIII).  Robert (vii James  vi Ich.  V Jane  IV Ich & Lyd  Elsworth Martin Richmond – b. 20th Dec.1858.
            (VIII).  William (VII Mary  vi Abigail  V Jane IV Ich & Lyd  Southard – b.       d.       m. Nancy Leavens dau. of –
            (VIII).  Amy (VII Mary  vi Abigail  V Jane IV Ich & Lyd   Southard -  b.    d.             m. Henry Warren, Yerexville.
            (VIII).  Lydia (VII Mary  vi Abigail  V Jane IV Ich & Lyd   Southard – b.    d.            m. Daniel Babbitt.
[Note: large brackets have been used above on the left side of the page to group the different families of generation VIII.]
p 18     (VIII).  Abigail (vii Job  vi Abigail  V Jane IV Ich & Lydia  Elsworth – b. 13th April 1831; mar. 24th Jan 1850; died in Lare Co. Oregon: 10th Feb. 1885. X----  o Her husband was  Judah Henry Bowerman – b. 19th Oct. 1820;  died 24th April 1900 Newburgh Ore.
                        [Note: X’s, dashes, lines and other marks were used in the above entry to correct  information.]
                        (IX).     Philip Bowerman –
                                   Lydia Jane         -        m. W. H. Colville, Portland Or.
                                   Ellwood              -
Image 51 – Carm Foster
      {     (VIII).  David (VII Elizabeth  vi Mary  V Elizth  IV Ich & Lyd  Dunham –b.
19  {     (VIII).  Ephraim (VII Elizabeth  vi Mary  V Elizth  IV Ich & Lyd  Dunham –b.
      {     (VIII).  Hiram (VII Elizabeth  vi Mary  V Elizth  IV Ich & Lyd  Dunham –b.
19        (VIII).  Barker (VII John  vi Mary  V Elizth  IV Ich & Lyd  White – b.
          (VIII).  Alfred (VII John  vi Mary  V Elizth  IV Ich & Lyd   White – b. 20th Apr. 1823; m. (1). Lydia dau. of Richd. Morden – she was born 4th April 1829; died - - -
                        (IX).     Anna White – b. 6th Mar. 1845; mar.
                                   Mary E. White – b. 28th Feb. 1847; mar.Eliphlet Walters
                                    Rebeca White – b. 16th Oct. 1848; mar.
                                   Richard White – b. 25th Apr. 1851;
                                   John White – b. 21st Feb. 1853;
                                   Gilbert White – b. 6th Feb. 1855;          Phys. Of Chicago Ill.
                                                                                    mar. (2). Lydia Brown dau. Jos. And Matilda.   [Note a line is drawn from this “mar. (2).”  entry back to Alfred White above.]
            (VIII).  Truman (VII John  vi Mary  V Elizth  IV Ich & Lyd  White – b.
d 31 Jan 1911 (VIII).  John (VII John  vi Mary  V Elizth  IV Ich & Lyd  Stanley White – b.     1839 m. Sarah Cook. (d 31 Jan 1911)
                                    (IX).     Emma White –b.
                                               Homer           b.          m. Loretta Talcott dau. J. Webster Talcott
                                               Bella              b.          m. Philip Talcott, son of Elisha. W.   
19        (VIII).  Sanford White – b. (VII John  vi Mary  V Eliz  IV Ich & Lyd  White  m. Rachel dau. John and Phebe Cronkhite.
                        (IX).     George White – b.
19        (VIII).  Jane (VII John  vi Mary  V Eliz  IV Ich & Lyd  White – b.     d.           m. (1) - - - Dorland
                                                                                                            m. (2) James A. Gibson. (see - - )
19        (VIII).  Clara (VII John  vi Mary  V Elizth  IV Ich & Lyd  Ann White - b.    d.              m. James Noxon
19        (VIII).  Aaron (vii Hannah  vi Mary  V Eliz  IV Ich & Lyd  Baker - b.
            (VIII).  Mary (vii Hannah  vi Mary  V Elizth  IV Ich & Lyd  Jane Baker – b.  d. m. (1) Richard Noxon  m. (2) - - - - Spafford (no iss  [off page]
                        (IX).     Richard Noxon.
            (VIII).  Susanah (vii Hannah  vi Mary  V Elizth  IV Ich & Lyd  Baker – b.   m. Jonathan Brown – (see - .  (See Deborah Bowerman)
                        (IX).     Jos.         }
                                    Findly ?  }  Omit
19        (VIII).  Rebecca (vii Hannah  vi Mary  V Eliz  IV Ich & Lyd  Baker – b.        m. - - - - Sanderson.
            (VIII).  Alva (vii Hannah  vi Mary  V Eliz  IV Ich & Lyd  Baker – b. m. (1) 
                                                                                                                        m. (2)
            (VIII).  Sarah (vii Hannah  vi Mary  V Eliz  IV Ich & Lyd  Ann Baker – b.  – m.  James Sanderson.
            (VIII).  Catherine (vii Hannah  vi Mary  V Eliz  IV Ich & Lyd  Baker – b.                   d. (suicide).
            (VIII).  Merritt (vii Hannah  vi Mary  V Eliz  IV Ich & Lyd  Baker – b.           m.
all Nxt? 5 – (vii Palmer?  Vi Hannah  V Eliz  IV Ich & Lyd)
            (VIII).  Judah Henry Ferguson b.
            (VIII).  William Ferguson
19        (VIII).  Judah Henry                [a large bracket is used to around this Ferguson generation
            (VIII).  Rachel                          indicating they are all attached to 19 shown at the left]
            (VIII).  Lavina                      
            (VIII).  Margaret E.                       
p 20     (VIII).  Gilbert (vii John  vi Eliz  V Eliz & Eben  IV Ich & Lyd  Dorland – b. 9th Nov. 1828; mar. Mary Elizabeth Stapleton of Hillier born 1831; died 1896.
                        (IX).     Ada J. Dorland             – b. 1856; res. Watsonville Cal.
                                   Augusta          - b. 1860;         m. Richard McDonald, Trenton Ont.
                                   Matilda           - b. 1866;         m.
                                   Maud              - b. 1866;         m. Wallace Huyck – res. Salinas Cal. +3
                        (Gilbert Dorland died 8th Jan. 1902 at Norham Ont.)                 Transpose.
                                    Albert             - b. 1871;         res. at Morganton Ont.
                        ( Transpose five                                                                    )
                                                                                                                        See Dorland  
Image 52 – Carm Foster
(V Dorland”)                                                                                                                           (26.)
p 20     (VIII). Robert (VII John  vi Elizth  V Elizth  IV Ich & Lyd.  Jones Dorland – b. 9th June 1830  m. (3) Kate Thorne 29th Apr 1852;  Kate Thorne was a dau. of W. Thorne and - - - - ; she died 20th Aug.                              1889.
                        (IX).     Cora Jones Dorland – b. 17th Aug. 1855;
20        (VIII).  Mary (VII John  vi Elizth  V Elizth  IV Ich & Lyd  Elizabeth Dorland – b. 25th Sept 1834; m. 1855;  Thomas Caldwell and res. in Picton, where Ths. d. 6 1876.
                        (IX).     6 children
20        (VIII).  Sarah (VII John  vi Eliz  V Eliz  IV Ich & Lyd  Ann Dorland – b. 7th Aug. 1836; m. - - - Foster, of  Fish-Lake.
                        (IX).     6 children
20        (VIII).  Matilda (VII John  vi Eliz  V Eliz  IV Ich & Lyd  Dorland – b. 9th Feb 1838; d. 1874.
20        (VIII).  Tabitha (VII John  vi Eliz  V Eliz  IV Ich & Lyd  Dorland – b. 31st July 1839; m. Alfred Foster, of Fish-Lake.
                        (IX).     4 ch  4 ch √
20        (VIII).  Samuel (VII John  vi Eliz  V Eliz  IV Ich & Lyd   Dorland – b. 13 Aug. 1841; m. Ida May Battles,  Santa Maria, Cal.
20        (VIII).  John (VII John  vi Eliz  V Eliz  IV Ich & Lyd   Dorland b. 14th Mar. 1845; m. Angeline Jackson, res Wash. or Or.
           (VIII).  William (VII Thomas  vi Eliz  V Eliz  IV Ich & Lyd  Davis Dorland – b.           m. Jane Graham.   (d. 1871).
                        (IX).     Jane Dorland    – b. 1856.
                                   Thomas           - b. 1858.
                                   William           - b. 1860.
                                   Charles           - b. 1862
                                   John                - b. 1864.
           (VIII).  Elizabeth (VII Jonithan  vi Eliz  V Eliz  IV Ich & Lyd  Dorland – b.1843; m. Charles Peters.
                        (IX).     7 ch  7 children          
20        (VIII).  John (VII Jonithan  vi Eliz  V Eliz  IV Ich & Lyd   R. Dorland – b. 1843; m. Amanda Prentice, Res.  at Grand Rapids Mic [off page].
                        (IX).     Willet P. Dorland – b. 1875; d. 1882.
20        (VIII).  Samuel (VII Jonithan  vi Eliz  V Eliz  IV Ich & Lyd   C. Dorland – b. 1848; m. (2) Minnie Brown, Wooler, Ont.
                        (IX).     Beatrice Dorland                      – b. 1886; d. 18th Nov. 1902.
                                   Lelia                           - b. 1887.
                                   Elizabeth Ann                          - b. 1889 d. 1889.
20    X  (VIII).  James (VII Jonithan  vi Eliz  V Eliz  IV Ich & Lyd   J. Dorland – b. 1850; d. 1872.
20        (VIII).  Willet (VII Jonithan  vi Eliz  V Eliz  IV Ich & Lyd   C. Dorland – b. 1858; m. Eliza Ann Mabee, Wooler, Ont.
                        (IX).     Frank A. Dorland         – b. 1884;
                                   Clara                          - b. 1886; d. 1894.
                                   James A.                     - b. 1888;
                                   Alice                           - b. 1896.
20        (VIII).  Susan (VII Deborah vi Elizth  V Elizth  IV Ich & Lydia  Ferguson – b. 2nd June 1839; m. 18th Oct.1867, James North Carter res. in Picton where Mr. North Carter conducted a successful hard-ware                 business; he died - -
                        (IX).                 --------                        ------------      m. Dr. Harry A. Evans, (2 ch)
                                    Jennie Carter    - b.       ------------      m. - - - - Irving, Toronto. (1 ch).
                                    -------            - b.       ------------      m. Horace Willcocks (issue - - - ).
                                    James             - b.       ------------      m.         res. N. Marys b’g
21        (VIII).  Catherine (VII Deborah  vi Eliz  V Eliz  IV Ich & L  Augusta Ferguson – b. 1851; d. 1884;  m. James Ferguson.     
                        (IX).     Bertha Ferguson – b. 1874;
20        (VIII).  William (VII Samuel G.  vi Eliz  V Eliz  IV Ich & L  Henderson Dorland – b.   m. Elizabeth Kester,  Milverton
                        (IX).     Samuel Gilbert Dorland             – b. 14th April 1892.
                                   Thomas                                   - b. 4th Dec. 1896
                                   Bertha May                             - b.
                                   Bessie                                     - b.
20        (VIII).  Betsy  (VII Samuel G.  vi Eliz  V Eliz  IV Ich & L  Maria Dorland – b. 11th June 1859; m. Jos. Lusted, Monckton, Ont.
                        (IX).     Ada maria Lusted         - b.
                                   Nellie Louisa               - b.
                                   William                       - b.
20        (VIII).  Lydia (VII Samuel G.  vi Eliz  V Eliz  IV Ich & L  Dorland – b.    m. John Hunter, Milverton, Ont.
                        (IX).     Joseph Cicero Hunter   - b.
                                   Ada Maria                  - b.
                                   Peter                           - b.
                                   Samuel Nelson            - b.
                                   Stephen Thomas         - b.
                                   Susan                          - b.
20        (VIII).  Susan (VII Samuel G.  vi Eliz  V Eliz  IV Ich & L  Eliza Dorland – b.   m. Geo. H. Stephenson,  Norwich, Ont.
                        (IX).     Roy Dorland Stephenson                      - b.
                                   Archie Thomas                        - b.
                                   James Albert                           - b.
Image 53 – Carm Foster
p 20     (VIII).  Stephen (VII Samuel G  vi Eliz  V Eliz IV Ich & L  Thos. Dorland – b.   d. 17th Sept 1896; mar. Annie Stone, res. at Duluth, Mich.
                        (IX).     Lilian Dorland   - b.
                                   William           - b.
                                   May                - b.
                                   Bertha             - b.
20        (VIII).  Joseph (VII Samuel G  vi Eliz  V Eliz IV Ich & L  Cicero Dorland – b.   m. Mary J. Tucker, Stratford, Ont.
                        (IX).     Walter Dorland             - b.
                                   Edna               - b.
                                   Bertram H.      - b.
                                   Clifford           - b.
21        (VIII).  Sarah (VII Lydia  vi Eliz  V Eliz  IV Ich & L.  Elizabeth Pierson – b. 24th Aug 1841; m [mar.]18th Jan. 1859, Wm R. Robert res. Nanaimo B.C. [above the surname Robert is a handwritten “3”]
20        (VIII).  Joseph (VII Lydia  vi Eliz  V Eliz  IV Ich & L  D. Pierson – b. 24th Mar. 1844; mar. 24th Oct 1870; Mary Schneoringer, of Berlin Ont.
                        (IX).     Mary Pierson – b. 2nd Step 1871; m. Christopher Pieper.
20        (VIII).  William (VII Lydia  vi Eliz  V Eliz  IV Ich & L   J. Pierson – b. 7th Oct. 1849; d. 6th May 1862.
20        (VIII).  Charles (VII Lydia  vi Eliz  V Eliz  IV Ich & L  Pierson – b. 29th Mar. 1864; mar. 19th Apr 1878?,  Ada J. Musgrave.
                        (IX).     Claude Pierson             - b. 24th Mar. 1877;                 Milverton, Ont.
                                   Wm. Herbert              - b. 18th Mar. 1879;                            
                                   Clara Eugene “ - b. 17th Mar. 1883;                 - Wiarton, Ont.
                                   Eunice M.      - b. 25th Mar. 1888;                            
                                   Albert Evan     - b. 18th Jun. 1892;                              
20        (VIII).  Stephen (VII Lydia  vi Eliz  V Eliz  IV Ich & L  A. Pierson – b. 11th Nov. 1857; mar. 24th Aug.1881, Sarah J. Riebe of Detroit, Mich.
                        (IX).     Roy Pierson      - b. 19th Aug. 1884; at Milverton, Ont.
20        (VIII).  Lydia (vii Mary vi Eliz  V Eliz  IV Ich & L   R. Terwilliger – b. 1844; mar. (1) Wm. H. Clark,
                        (died 1866). m. 1863.
                        (IX).     Adelbert Edmund Clark            - b. 1866.
20        (VIII).  Sarah (vii Mary vi Eliz  V Eliz  IV Ich & L      B. Terwilliger – b. 1843; d. 17th Mar. 1?82; mar. 1873  – Lewis L. Lovell.
20        (VIII).  Phebe (vii Mary vi Eliz  V Eliz  IV Ich & L   L. Terwilliger – b. 1850; mar. 1868.        William Norman.
                        (IX).     5 ch.
            (VIII).  Charles (vii Mary vi Eliz  V Eliz  IV Ich & L   W. Walters – b. 1855; mar. 1888, Ella Franks.
            (VIII).  William (vii Mary vi Eliz  V Eliz  IV Ich & L   A. Walters – b. 1858;  d. 1887.
            [A large bracket was placed to the left of the generation numbers beginning with Lydia R. Terwilliger and ending with William A. Walters.]
21        (VIII).  Sarah (VII James  VI Eliz  V Eliz  IV Ich & L  Cath. Dorland – b. 1853; mar. (1) James Mathews.
                        (IX).     Robert John Mathews   - b.                   res. “Globe” Ariz.
                                   James D.                                 - b.                                      
                                   Sarah P.                                  - b.                   m. Ed. Winkle, Watsonville) Cal.
                                    (X).      Dorothy Winkle            - b.       ---------
                                   Jennie L. Mathews        - b.       ---------
                                                            (2) – Ostrander  of Watsonville Cal.
                                   Catherine Ostrander     - b. ---
                                   John                            - b. ---
21        (VIII).  Philinda (VII James  vi Eliz  V Eliz  IV Ich & L  Dorland – b. 1856; mar. D.C. Riddell, (b. 1833)  Gilroy, and S.F.
                        (IX).     Philinda L. Riddell (“Kitty”)       b. 1873.
                                   DeWitt              Speer                         b. 1876.
                                   Elizabeth                                 b. 1887, died, 1888.
21        (VIII).  Jane (VII James  vi Eliz  V Eliz  IV Ich & L   Patterson Dorland – b. 12th Nov. 1856; m. James C.  Clay Zuck, Gilroy, Cal. 
                                    The Zucks are descended from a family of Swiss Protestant Refugees, who wrote the name “Zug”, from a Swiss Canton, as it is still written by members of the same family in Phila. Pa.
                        James C. Zuck – b. 14th Jan. 1844, in Marion, Ohio; son of David Zuck and Maria Louisa Linton. The family removed to Cal. In 1852, settling on the ranche still occupied by the family, a short distance from the historic hamlet of “Old-Gilroy”.  Mr. Zuck was educated at the “Univ. of the Pacific” at Santa Clara Cal.; graduated in classics; read Law in San Jose Cal.  After his call to the Bar, he opened an office in the new town of Gilroy.  He was the first Prest. of the First National Bank of Gilroy, which important position he held for a period of five years.  In 1878 Mr. Zuck was elected to the State Senate; and in 1881, he received appointement under President Garfield, of U.S. Consul at Tien Tsin and Chefoo China.  This post he held for three and a half years, until compelled to relinquish office on account of the illness and death of his father.  On the 23rd Dec. 1873 he mar.
            (2) Jane B. Dorland –
                        (IX).     Ralph Zuck       b. 1st Oct 1878; grad. B.S. “Univ. Pac.” In 1897.
                                   Marguerite “     b. 21st July 1?78; “Univ. Pac.” Vocal and Inst’l Music
                        IX        Marguerite Zuck mar. 21 Aug 1904 James Francis Abbott of Cal. Formerly instructor
                                    [the rest of this hand written entry above has faded so that it cannot be read]
                                   Rosamond “     b. 8th Oct. 1887.
Image 54 – Judy Andrus Toporcer                                                                 
(IV). Ichabod Bowerman—mar.(2), probably at Stonington Conn. 1758.
Note to foll--                           Jane Richmond, dau. of Cyrus Richmond, and his (2nd) wife Phebe Mott; and removed into Dutchess Co. N.Y. settling at the Friend’s colony called “Great-Nine-Partners”, near Po’keepsie on the Hudson River.
            As already observed, Ichabod died at the Dutchess Co. homestead in 1791 aged 70 years; and Jane removed with the younger members of her family to Canada in 1796.  Jane died at the house of her son-in-law Cornelius Blount during the Winter of 1797 as the result of exposure to the rigor of a severe Canadian storm (having wandered from the house during the night and being found next day under the shelter of some stacks half a mile from home, perishing from the cold).   She died at the age of 62, and was buried in the “Stinson-Burying-Ground”, the grave being “unknown”.
The issue of Ichabod and Jane are as foll. –
(V).  Thomas Bowerman - b 29th Mar.1760;died 28th Aug.1810;   mar. (1) Sarah
                                                 Vincent; and (2). Maturah Bull.
       Lydia                         b. 15th Jan.1762;   died 13th Feb. 1811;    “ Cornelius Blount.
       Phebe                        b. 24th Sept.1763;        -     -    -  1783      Richard Butts.
       Mary                        b. 30th Jun.1765;        6th Jan.1849;        “ (1) Nathaniel White
                                                                                                            “ (2) Ezra Jennings.
      Ichabod                     b. 2ndSept.1767;     “ 7th Mar.1815;          Rebecca Mastin.
     Jonathan                     b. 18th Aug.1769;     2nd Feb.1857;          Sarah Vincent.
     Deborah                     b. 8th Jan.1771;         6th Sept.1819;         Reuben Vincent
     Stephen                      b. 22nd Oct.1773;      3rd Jun.1857;          Amy Hughes.
     Gideon                       b. 22nd Jan.1775;       -     Jun.1810;   -   -   (not mar.).
     Israel                          b. 16th July.1677[sic]”  14th Sept.1858;     Anna Terwilliger
     Judah                          b. 16th July 1779;       2nd Aug.1868;     “ Abigail Hughes.
                                                (2) Mary Ann Morden. (3) Phila.Cronkhite.and                                      
                                                     (4) Lavinia Saylor.     
    Nancy                          b. 27th Nov.1780;      “ 14th Feb.1862; mar. Geo. Elsworth.
Richmond – Richmond Arms Crest &Motto here Ralph Smith Draft 30 [note: this was hand-written and circled in left margin]
RICHMOND--  Jane Richmond – b. 7th Jun.1735. at Stonington Conn.; dau of Cyrus Richmond, by his (2nd) wife, Phebe Mott, the latter having been married 27th Mar.1734.  Cyrus Richmond was born in Kingston R.I. 1695 as nearly as can be ascertained; and married (1st) 29th Jan1718-19.
            Cyrus was the son, and eldest child of John Richmond, born in Newport R.I., about 1660; died 1740; mar. Elizabeth - - - - ; John Richmond was the son of Capt. Edward Richmond, born about 1632, in England (and his wife Abigail Davis, dau. of James). Capt. Edward Richmond was one of the most prominent men of the colony from 1661 to the time of his death in 1696, and was one of the incorporators – in 1674 – of Little Compton R.I. where he is buried in the cemetery on the old Richmond farm, his tombstone bears the following inscription –
“Here lieth buried the body
Of Edward Richmond Captain
Who departed this life in the 63rd year of his age,
Nov 1696”
Capt. Edward Richmond was the 2nd son of John Richmond, the Immigrant, born 1594.  John emigrated from Wiltshire Eng. about 1635; and was one of the purchasers of Taunton Mass. 1637.  John died at Taunton 20 Mar. 1664, aet. 70.
            John Richmond was the 12[?]th generation in direct descent from Roaldus Musard de Richmond, a distinguished leader in the army of William the Conqueror.  The descendants of Roaldus were owners of the monor, [sic] and Constables of Richmond Castle; the latter having been built by Alan Rufus (First Duke of Richmond, and a kinsman of the Conqueror) who is also said to have been a descendant of Edward I, and likewise a kinsman of Roaldus.
            The Ducal Coronet in the Richmond Arms might imply that the family here traced are scions of the same house whence sprang the other branch bearing the title of Duke of Richmond.
Image 55 – Judy Andrus Toporcer
[Transcriber’s note:  at the top left corner of this page, the word “Footnote” is hand-written; “p 29” is hand-written in the top right corner, and a hand-written X crosses out what was typed on the top half of the page.  The remainder of the typed page is upside-down and also crossed out with three large penciled X marks.]
Footnote                                                                                                                                 p 29
(Narragansett Friends Records)
Richmond, Cyrus of John of Westerly and Jane Crandall of Jos. of Newport R.I. mar. Io [sic] th Mo. 8th 1718”.
(Westerly Town Records)
“Syrus Richmond and Jane Crandall married by John Babcock Justice Jan. 29th 1718-or-19.”
(Westerly Records)
“Cyrus Richmond and Phebe Mott mar. by John Hoxie, Justice, Mar. 27th 1734.”
(Friends Records)
“Children of Cyrus and Phebe.
            Jane   - born     4 –7 – 1733
            Cyrus              3 – 6 – 1737
            Phebe             8 – 25 – 1739
            Abigail             5 – 16 – 1743
            Mary               5 – 15 – 1745
Copied              [note:  the rest of the typing on this page is upside down and crossed out]
(VI) Phebe Richmond, (V) Sylvester- (IV) Cyrus- (III) John- (II) Edward- (I) John.
            Married John Darling (1743) Worster Mass.
                        John Darling died 127 Oct. 1847 at Consecon Co. Pr. Ed. at the residence of his son John Darling.
                        Mrs. Smart[???] of Chicago says this John Darling had a farm and distillery [next several words illegible]  he sold and removed to                                        Consecan[?].
(VII)    John
           Jane     mar. Stephen Lapman
                                    (VIII) Eliza mar. Ira Prindle
                                             Lavina     (1) - - - Little
                                                               (2) - - - Fiske
           Lydia   mar. - - - Pulford- Had 2 dau, moved to Cleveland.
          Laura           (1)- - Hendricks at Carrying Place.
                                           After Hendricks death she mar.
                                  (2)- - Debois a saddler at Conseon [sic]
           Delilah         James Cardinell.
Image 56 – Judy Andrus Toporcer
            The family originated in Brittany, the name being derived from riche and monte or monde; and in early English History is given as Rychemonde, Richemount, and Richmonte; finally Richmond.
            The Richmond Arms are- “Field –Argent, a cross patonce fleury azure, between four Mullets gules. Crest-Atilting-Spear argent; headed or broken in three parts, one piece erect, the other two in saltire, enfiled with a Ducal Coronet.” (Burke’s General Armory”.) “Motto-Resolve well and persevere.”
            “The name of Richmond is Norman and of great antiquity.  The earliest known record of the family in this country is in the ‘Roll of Battle Abbey’ where the name of Richemound or Richmond, an ancestor appears as one of the Knights who came in the train of William the Conqueror, and fought at the Battle of Hastings, A.D. 1065.”
            “The Crest, according to tradition, was won by Sir Philip Richmond by a feat of arms done in single combat with a Saracen Prince during the Crusades, before Jerusalem, in the presence of Richard I.”
            “The Richmonds settled and for a long-time period held possession of Estates in Wiltshire, with some of the principal families in which country they formed connections and intermarried.  In the 15th Century William Richmond married an heiress of large property, named Alice Webb, and he then assumed that name, and for a considerable period his descendants continued it as an addition to or in lieu of the original one of Richmond – the name is found entered as - ‘Richmond, otherwise Webb’ – in the visitations of the Heralds of that period; but subsequently Webb was dropped, and Richmond only was adopted.” (From Burke’s Visitation of the Seats and Arms of the Noblemen and Gentlemen of Great Britain.)
            Note- Battle-Abbey is at the present time owned by Sir August Frederick Webster, Bart., a descendant of Sir Thomas Webster, who bought the Abbey from Vicount Montague in 1719; and whose family retained possession of it for 130 years.
(V). Thomas Bowerman – son of Ichabod and Jane Bowerman – born: 29th Mar. 1760; in Dutchess Co. N.Y.; died 28th Aug. 1810 at Kingston Canada, en route from Quebec to his home.  He first appeared in Canada in the Spring of 1783, landing at Adolphustown, hence making his way up the “Bay of Quinte” to “Grand” – or “South” – Bay as it was severly called and later “Picton-Bay”.  Lieut Henry Young came to the Co. about the same time; and it is more than a conjecture that the two were in company.  What particular issue prompted Thomas to brave the trials of Frontier life, lie so patent to even the wayfaring observer that it is hardly necessary to allude to the impossible stories concerning his political exile.  Those wild rumors of hair-breadth escapes from prison and the gallows bear the commonest ear-marks of fire-side invention; and are unworthy of repetition.
            The arrival in “Grand-Bay” via the “Bay of Quinte” presupposes a landing at “Hallowell-Bridge”.  This is assumed to mean the “First Hallowell-Bridge” at the head of navigation, close to the “carrying-place”, running through what is at this date “Glenwood-Cemetery”, and the landing place was undoubtedly at the “Hovington House”, a few rods to the East of the bridge.  The “Hovington House” was probably in the heyday of its existence during the period which elapsed previous to the building of the second or present “Hallowell Bridge”, as has already been observed, and there is little reason to doubt that Thomas along with the other frontier folks often enjoyed the hospitality of that old-fashioned hostlery.  In this connection it should be remembered that the subject of observation was but 23 years of age and the austerities of his later Quakerism could as yet have made at best but a superficial impression.  Forest-felling, cultivating the ground in the clearings, and rafting logs on the St. Lawrence are
Image 57 – Judy Andrus Toporcer
occupations calculated to stimulate the convivial rather than the hermetic instincts, and xxxx Thomas was not lacking in convivial hospitality.
            Having selected a farm on the south side of West Point, near East-Lake outlet, - since called the Thompson farm - he returned in the Fall of ’83 to Dutchess Co. where he shortly married Sarah Vincent of the same place and in 1784 settled the farm above named.  A little reflection on the regular course of events in connection with Thomas’ advent in Canada: his selection of a homestead, his return to Dutchess Co. and subsequent unmolested marriage; his removal the following year; all this ought to serve to dissipate any remaining transparency which may still encircle the name of even the most worthy pioneer.
            Thomas Bowerman was the first of his name to settle in the Midland District; and was also one of the first of the Society of Friends, which society later became both numerous and influential-morally rather than politically.
            Thomas and Sarah Bowerman remained but a short time at the Thompson farm, exchanging the latter for a farm on the south side of West Lake; this was later known as the “Tubbs” farm, from its owner Isaiah Tubbs. (Canniff – 210)
            Belonging to this farm, by possession or otherwise, is that large island called “Tubb’s Island” – but at that time known as “Weir’s-Island” – then claimed by the Indians.  It was then an island proper; and separated from the main-land by a deep channel on the south side. note by Miles Lucas –
            Thomas was probably at this place at late as 1804; and had among other neighbors a family named Jenks, as well as one named Petit.  The members of these two families joined Thomas in the Spring in sugar-making on the island.  The +[hand-penned in red ink] Jenks, of whom Richard was the head, came from the vicinity of Albany, N.Y., Richard’s wife was a “Soper” and the widow of one Reynolds, by whom she had three children.  These came in company with the Jenks; and together with nine by the latter marriage, they constituted a family of 14 or more persons.  The Petits came from Dutchess Co. N.Y.
            The only issue of (V) Thomas and Sarah Bowerman was - - -
(VI). Vincent Bowerman – born 21st May. 1791, at the “Tubbs” farm; and on the following day 22nd May 1791 Sarah Bowerman died.  Sarah is buried in the “Tubbs-Burial-Ground”, a secluded spot hedged round by cedars near the entrance to the shingle beach, now leading to the island. At the time of writing, the old cemetery appears to have been entirely deserted, the graves are trodden and neglected, while the rough stones are mossgrown and hidden in the tangled grass.  The once neat palings and cedar markers lie scattered here and there like the flotsam on the shore; or collected into rude heaps among fallen branches and decaying vegetation have so far fallen into ruin that all trace of identity has been obliterated.
“Tubbs-Burial-Ground” (1901).
+Note-“Hallowell, 18th July 1798. Joseph Jinks-rated First-Class-2.6d.”
Image 58 - Doug Smith
            After the death of Sarah Vincent, Thomas returned a second time to his native Co. and married (2) Maturah Bull; dau. Of Josiah Bull jr. and his first wife Mehetable Thomas. Returning to Canada Thomas disposed of his farm at West-Lake - the “Tubbs” farm and bought from Henry Young sr. Lot I; 1 st Con. Of the Military tract of Pr. Ed. Co. in that section which later became the municipality of Hallowell. (3 rd July 1797).
            For this farm the Crown-Patents were issued as foll – “17 th Mar, 1804; To Mary Ann Peters 170 acres – East part” “ 5 th Oct, 1809” Henry Young sr. 199 acres, West part” “28 th Dec. 1809, Henry Young sr. sold to Thomas Bowerman 199 acres, west part” “for ₤25.0.0 (H.)”.
            It is a well-known fact that many of the actual settlers in Pr. Ed. Co. entered upon the occupied lands many years before the Crown Patent was issued and in several instances in the Bowerman family, their lands were purchased from the original holder and no deed given until after the issue of the Crown Patent. (See also Canniff’s History – p. 170.)
            Added to the other occupations more nearly allied to farming, Thomas and several of his brothers varied the monotony of bush-life by engaging a as raftsmen on the St Lawrence River – probably from the Bay of Quinte to the city of Quebec. At what date they began this occupation is not known; but they continued it until 1810 when Thomas died. Neither is there any date to show by whom they were employed; although the presumption is that either Simeon Washburn or Eliphlet Adams were their employers.
            Although Thomas Bowerman is said to have been a very quiet man with a voice pitched unmelodiously high, it is well known that he was a large and powerful man with great determination of character.
omit  The story of his adventure with the ship’s crew at Quebec was a common one often re-told among the descendants and relatives, long years after his death; but it remained for an eye-witness to confirm the story to a brother of the writer more than fifty years after its occurrence. The witness of the incident was Mr. McCuaig; father of the late Jas. McCuaig M.P. of Picton. Hearing the name of Bowerman at the steamboat office one day in the 60’s, Mr. McCuaig asked the inquirer if he was any relative of the big raftsman whom he remembered as the hero of the cable incident at Quebec; and then related the oft-told tale of Thos’ encounter with the quarrelsome son of the Seine more than half a century before. The anecdote is so brief and Quakerlike that it scarcely deserves the name of a story. However it happened that while running the St. Lawrence with a huge raft, just below the Citadel at Quebec, the current being too strong for the crew; they were unable to keep clear of the vessels anchored in the river at this place and accidentally cut the cable of a French merchantman.
            The Capt. And a portion of the crew of this ship had just at this time been landed at a point opposite and seeing the damage to the cable, the blood-thirsty Celt screamed to his crew to “come on”, averring in the forceful language of the restless sea that he “would shiver the d---n
Image 59 - Doug Smith
“thing to splinters”. Though it was the unwritten law of the river that everything afloat should make way for so unwieldy a concern as a raft the irate Gaul determined to execute summary vengeance; so seizing the first boat that approached the landing he and his obedient crew pushed off to the ill-fated boom. Thomas Bowerman was the Capt. of this luckless craft and Thomas being a Quaker was not accustomed to warfare as exhibited by the effervescing Frenchman. By a strange coincidence; peculiar to ancient narratives, the boat seized by the French Capt. was the very craft from which Thomas, the Capt. of the raft, had but that moment been landed. Neither knew the other; But “when Greek meets Greek”, if they are properly introduced there is generally a combat worthy a place in history. Our Captains doubtless passed by as “ships that pass in the night”; but when Thomas saw his boat requisitioned without so much as a “by your leave”, he waited with characteristic patience until the ebullient Frenchmen were well out of the muddy landing and about to push the attack on the helpless raft; then he stepped forward with a hauteur worthy of the Landing of Columbus and seizing his frail craft by the bow, remarked in unmistakable English the he himself “had business with said boat”. Thereupon giving the boat a sudden lurch toward the shore he precipitated the fiery “sons of Neptune” into the bosom of the mud and water. Whatever the sequel was is left entirely to the imagination of the curious reader. The story ends with Thomas standing knee-deep in the historic river, with his hand upon the prow of his “pinnace” a picture worthy a place on a “commemorative postage-stamp”; the irate Celts are still cooling in the turbulent water; but of the drifting ship or unwieldy raft no man knows to this day.
            The first house occupied by Thomas and Maturah was a small log structure, probably built for homestead duties and was situated on the south side of a knoll close to the marshy ground where later they grew their flax. At this time the trail ran on the south side of the cabin; but in 1798 when the “Danforth Road” was made, the line was shortened by running nearly direct from Bloomfield to “Bowerman’s Hill, thus leaving Thomas’ log house several rods to the south of the new road.
            On the East half of Lot I, lived Cornelius Blount, at whose house the first Friends’ Meetings were held. These were begun before 1799; in the latter year Hugh Judge visited the Friends in Pr. Ed. and makes mention of the meeting at this house. The Meeting proper received official sanction in the year 1803 and continued to be held at the house of Cornelius Blount.
            Thomas Bowerman and Cornelius Blount both at this time lived in log-houses; hence it is unlikely that Thomas had begun his new house until after this time as the meetings would undoubtedly have been held in the latter owing to its greater accommodation.
            It is stated in Cannif’s Hist. that in 1798 “a preparative meeting “was held at Philip Dorland’s house – that “in 1799 a meeting-house was “built”- and that “from this as a center the Quakers spread into Pr. Ed.

Image 60 - Doug Smith
            That Quakers and Quakerism were well established in Pr. Ed. prior to 1799 must be conceded from the reference to the meeting by Hugh Judge as well as by a glance at the Assessment Roll of Hallowell for the year 1798.
            The first official stand of Quakerism in the Midland District was undoubtedly in Adolphustown; the West Lake meeting being necessarily thereafter subordinate to that meeting; but the only priority existed in the official establishment of the respective meetings.
            From Friends’ records we find that – “The first Mo. Mtg. of Friends was held at Adolphustown; in Friends’ Mtg. house – (built 1799) – on the 29 th of 1 st Mo. 1801; the first prep. Mtg. having been opened in the house of Philip Dorland 7 th of 9 th Mo. 1798; the latter being under the control of Nine Partners Mo. Mtg. in Dutchess Co. N.Y.”        The meeting referred to by Hugh Judge was according to Eleanor Bowerman – “an indulged meeting” and was evidently set up before the official establishment of Adolphustown Prep. Mtg. Eleanor Bowerman writes as foll. – “An indulged meeting was now allowed at West-Lake, at the house of Cornelius Blount, to be held once in two weeks; for worship only”.
            The Adolphustown “Preparative Meeting”, established and first held on the 7 th of Sept. 1798, would have no authority to permit “an indulged Meeting” at the house of Cornelius Blount or at any other house. The supposition is that both Adolphustown and West-Lake were originally “indulged” meetings, authorized by the same meeting in Dutchess Co. in proof of which we have the following extracts from the records of Adolphustown –
            “At a Monthly Meeting of Women Friends, held at Adolphustown 25 th of 4 th Mo. 1803 – Was handed into this Meeting an Extract from the Nine Partners Quarterly Meeting; held 9 th of 11 th Mo. 1802, informing that that meeting had established a meeting for worship at the West-Lake and the Men’s Meeting now informs (this) that they have concluded to allow a Preparative Meeting to be held there on Third-day preceding the second Fifth-day in each month, for three months; which we unite with and appoint Minche VanHorn, Lydia Barker, Isabel VanScriver, Elizabeth Noxon, Elizabeth Dorland and Mary Haight to attend it and report their sense concerning it 7 th Mo. next. Said Meeting to be composed of all Members in the Township of Hallowell, except those on the Bay, East of Hallowell Bridge”.
            (Extracted from the minutes of the aforesaid meeting by Mary Haight, Clerk)
“Agreeable to appointment, one of the Friends appointed by the Monthly Meeting attended with the extracts of the Quarterly Meeting and also a minute of the Monthly Meeting of Adolphustown and accordingly a Preparative Meeting was opened this 10 th day of 5 th Mo. 1803, at the house of Cornelius Blount at the West Lake in the Town (ship) of Hallowell and Philadelphia Cronkhite is appointed Clerk; Sarah Carman and Sarah Garratt are appointed to attend the Monthly Meeting with the accounts from this
Image 61 - Doug Smith
“(and) that also to bring back such as concerns the report at next meeting.”
            “This Meeting adjourns until the Third-day preceeding the second Fifth-day in next month”.
            Accordingly the next regular meeting was held as provided for by the supposed authority from Dutchess Co.; and we find the foll. minutes – “At a Preparative Meeting of Women Friends held at West Lake this 7 th Day of 6 th Mo. 1803” – etc.
            At this or a subsequent meeting held 1803, a proposition was made for building a Meeting-House at West Lake – the same to be of logs 31ft. by 21ft.; the Monthly Meeting at Adolphustown agreeing to assist in bearing the expense. In further proof that Friends in Pr. Ed. did not increase by spreading from Adolphustown, refer to the application and report on membership of Stephen Bowerman.
Friends Records – At this time there were in Canada three Mo. Mtgs. of Friends, situated respectively at “Pelham”, “Yonge Street” and “Adolphustown” –
            Through the efforts of Job Hughes of Yonge Street these three were united into one under the name of the “Canada Half Years Meeting” in the year 1809; and the first meeting was called on the 31 st of 1 st Mo. 1810 to be held at the new meeting-house on Bowerman’s Hill”.
            In 1811, the Half Years Meeting united with a proposition to hold Adolphustown Mo. Mtg. alternately at West Lake and Adolphustown and in 1815 “in consequence of the Govt. occupying Adolphus (town) Meeting House, Friends “are united in adjourning Adolphus (town) Mo. Mtg. to meet at West Lake”.
                        (Eleanor Bowerman – from early records).  35
35 Insert here ─ 
“The Friends appointed to attend the opening of a Prep. Mtg. at Ameliasburg, 14 th of 3 rd Mo. 1817, all attended and produced the following minute – The Half years Meeting inform they are in establishing a meeting for worship and a Preparative Meeting at Ameliasburg, the meeting for worship to be held on First and Fourth Days; the Preparative Meeting to be held the first Sixth day following the second Fifth day in each month; to be called ‘Ameliasburg Preparative Meeting’. Phebe Blount and Mary White – Rebecca Bowerman and Sarah Barker are appointed to attend at the opening of said meeting with a copy of this minute” – (Extracted from the minutes of Adophustown Monthly” – Sarah Barker, Clerk.)
            Jan. 1819 – Trustees of the Meeting-House of Ameliasburg, Dr. to Jas. Barker
                                   To boards and Planks - - -  - ₤ 6  - 15 – 9d.
                                       70ft. of Clear Stuff - -                   3  - 6d.
                                        Shingles    - - - - - -                   10 – 0d.
                                                                                    ₤ —————
                                                Total                            ₤ 7 -   9 -   3d.
Note – “28 th Nov. 1817 – In Hallowell, we have one Methodist and one Quaker Meeting-House; preparations are making also for a Presbyterian meeting House. The former is attended by a Circuit preacher every two weeks; the latter by a Quaker every Sabbath”. (Eben. Washburn – in Cannif’s History).
Image 62 – Carm Foster
            35 to be inserted as indicated on? p. 35
[about way down on the right side of this page a piece has been torn out.  See “torn section”]
            During the war of 1812-14,  Friends were obliged to abandon their meeting house as a temporary barracks for troops; hence it was necessary for the Mo. Mtg. to be held each month at West Lake, instead of each alternate month as heretofore.  From this time forward the importance of the West Lake section seems to have increased more rapidly and permanently than the former settlement of Adolphustown.
            Reference to the military records of that time will probably establish the identity of the troops in quiestion, their number and the time of their occupation of the meeting house; inspection of the following copy of an account for services in connection with the movement of these troops, will not be uninteresting to lovers of Canadian History.
            Eliphlet Adams Deceased Dr.
                                    To Willet Casey, -
                        “To Cash Paid you by a Offesser at your house             S -       3 . 9
            May “To Sharping 2 plow shears -             -               -             3 4 -
            October To mending a ox Chane -         -          -         -                       2 4 -  [torn section]
                        To Lining and mending a  ax Staple   -       -        -                     2  . 0?  [torn section]
                        To the half Ferring of 105 Solders Being Prest
                        to that Duty 2d. per head                                                          1 1 7 ? [torn section]
                        Also Ferring 147 at the Same Price & Some horses 
                                                                                                            1.  4  .   [torn section]
                        Government Allowd 4d. pr. Head                                 2.  13  . [torn section]
            Sworn before me at Hallowell
            the 5th day of November – 1817                       Willet Casey”
            “ Ebenezer Washburn J.P.”
            On the back of this account is the statement as foll-
“Amt of this acct -     -     -     -     -     -     -     -      -     -     2-13.3
“the Date E. Adams acct  -     -     -     -     -     -     -     1-12.9
“ Cash pd. Casey this day       -     -     -     -     -     -       1-  -  6
            “ Rec.d the above balance of S. Washburn
            “ 6th Nov – 1817 ------                                    Willet Casey
            “ being one pound & six pence.”
            Willet Casey was a blacksmith of Adolphustown, whose personal history has been outlined by the late Canniff Haight Esq. in an interesting narrative “Fifty Years Ago”.  But was Willet Casey a Quaker, or a “ U.E. Loyalist?  Or was he neither?  His own testimony favors the latter supposition.  The unbiased reader may gather his own information from the copy of this curious document, in Casey;s own hand-writing.
If Casey were a Quaker, he would not have accepted pay from Govt for military services Even that pressed, him:  would? he have made over 25lbs account; If he were a W.E. Loyalist, why “pressed” to the? service of transporting soldiers & horses across the Bay?
Image 63 and 64 – Carm Foster
            Many of the early settlers from Dutchess Co. brought apple-seeds from which originated the first seedling orchards of Pr. Ed. Co..  Some of these appeared to have been grafted at a later period; and a great variety of excellent fruit was the result.  Just at what time Thomas planted the orchard on Lot 1, is not accurately known; but a close surmise places the setting at 1796.  Thomas was at the Tubbs farm in 1794; and in 1798, the Danfort [off page] Road was run.  The log house on Lot 1, was on the north side of the original trail, the orchard being planted on the same side and adjoining the house.
            When the Danforth Road was made the new line ran several rods north of the old log house cutting the orchard into two sections, and leaving a few trees still on the north side of the new road.  As late as 1904, one of the trees 1913 still standing [marginalia] of Thos’ first orchard still spreads its patriarchal limbs across Mrs Jones’ lawn, waving a silent benediction across the receeding centuries.
            This tree has a girth of 9 ft. near the ground; it still bears an abundance of excellent and delicious fruit, red juicy, and much prized for domestic use,- and average apple measuring 9 in. in either circumference.
apple tree 63
 [written on the back of this picture by what appears to be two different hands is the following]  
Apple Tree
10 ft circumference at base Lower limbs 4 ft. Stands in the yard of Margaret Jane Jones home Bloomfield Ontario
One of Uncle Thos’ first orchard probably about in 1796 or 97- prior to Danforth Road grading in 1798.
Much broken by ice in the Spring of 1913
Probably the first house built by Thomas Bowerman on his lot in the Military Tract was the little log school-house, the first in the vicinity and one of the first in the Co.   This school was probably begun about 1798; and was described to the writer by an old woman, who as a child attended there.  The house stood on the corner of the lot, at the junction of the Danforth Road X and the cross-road leading to the second concession.  It was low and small, about 18ft. by 20 ft. and faced the South.  It had but one room, the school-room, which was lighted by three windows, one on the Nast [East], one on the West, and one by the side of the door at the South.  In the N.W. corner was a huge fire-place made of logs, opening into a wide plastered log chimney; while in the S.E. corner, in the low ceiling, was a small trap-door leading into a dark loft.  It was into this loft that the teacher, Anthony Tyrell, known familiarly as “old crooknose”, once put one of his pupils for punishment, and got himself into no small trouble for the grimness of his irritable humour.
            The little house had a gabled roof; and was supplied with fixed desks and seats arranged around the walls, while the latter were ornamented with figures and Capital letters.
Note - The “”Public-Schools Roads- Act” was passed in 1793; and it was obligatory upon settlers to open a road across their lands for a quarter of a mile in addition to clearing five acres and building a house.              
            The “Danforth-Road” was constructed under contract with the Government by an American named Asa Danforth; the road to extend from Kingston on the East to Ancaster at the head of Lake Ontario.  This road entered Pr. Ed. Co. at “Glenora” – thence along the shore to “Picton” or “South” Bay, thence to Bloomfield, Wellington, Consecon, and Carrying-place.
Note - “Maturah Bowerman, appointed at the second Prep. Mtg. of Women Friends
“held at the house of Cornelius Blount 8th of 6th Mo. 1803, to attend Mo. Mtg. at Adolphustown”.                                                                               
Image 64a – Carm Foster
 [The following 4 images are of each side of a two page, double sided note written most likely in ACB’s hand that was found inserted here. Two drawings that are part of the document are reproduced here.]
4 Dec ’85  Aunt Polly Mastin says the old log school-house at Bowerman’s Corner was on Thomas’ place between it & Stephen’s, seperated from the latter by the side road.  It was small and low – faced the South – Had a gable roof and a window in Each side and one in front by the side of the door.  There was a fire place in the N. W. corner – and in the S.E. Corner was a trap door leading into the low loft.  At? this loft once “old crook nose” – Anthony Tyrell put one of the scholars and got into a great rumpus for it. 
image 64a
Aunt Polly went there to School wt Anthony and also wt Joseph Leavens – He was teacher & preacher and “boarded around”- “Crook nose” used to throw tobacco at the children.  They held a night school for the young men to learn to write. Anthony likewise? lived in the School House.
            The house on Stephan Bowerman’s farm west of the orchard was build of a sort of slab – and was occupied by Benoni Bowerman for a time – afterwards as school house and residence by Tyrell & Nethery - there, also Nethery, died was very ill.  There was a house on Stephan Bowerman’s farm on the sideroad, up on the hill past the old “Butternut tree” – that house was burned in less than a year after S.B. took the place.  People said it was because he moved in on a Friday.                                                Over
Image 64b – Carm Foster
2  When Thomas Bowerman was returning from Montreal after leaving with? raft, he died at Kingston with Typhus (probably typhoid) fever – Gideon was with him;  He came home sick and died at Cornelius Blount’s – His sister Lydia Blount took the fever and died about the same time.  They are buried on the “Hill” The family knew nothing of Tho’s sickness and death until they brought him home.  A man on horse back went ahead, when the procession was about at Bloomfield, and told his widow & family.  After their death Cornelius Blount was alone and he sent for Daniel Leavens & Jane who came out & lived with them for sometime until after he married Phebe Stephenson.
            Mrs Stephenson was a widow with 5 children in Dutchess Co. where Cornelius went & married her.  David & John     -   -     who married Samuel Cronk.  One Susan M. Stephenson married Dorland Noxon - & Lydia (a widow Philips Stephens) who came after her and afterwards married some one Philips from Yonge St.
[A large “X” has been drawn through the following paragraph.]
            Eleanor & Gideon Bowerman attended school on the hill – and also at the house in the field occupied by and taught Anthony Terrill who was likewise known as “old Crook nose”.  This was the first school at this place? [torn section] “Crook nose” slept in the School house and “boarded around”.  About 20 [torn section] dunce cap with feathers – seats around the walls large letters over [torn section]  -
Image 65 – Carm Foster
3  Aunt Polly says the meeting house on the Hill was built of logs – faced the North Had a gable roof – and had double doors in the front opening into the two rooms for it was divided as all Friend’s Meeting Houses have Ever since been built – the doors opened back on the partition.  There was a window at Each side in front – two at the South Side, one in Each room – and one in Each End – a pair of stairs led into a low gallery furnished with low rude seats – and these she heard? often seen filled – The seats at the south side were raised – and there the Speakers & officials sat.
image 65
At Funerals and other large gatherings Stephen & Judah Bowerman on whose adjoining farms the meeting house was built, used to act as Masters of Ceremony Escorting & leading the procession from the gate up to the meeting house.
[The following is written by a different hand.]
(the above sketch said by Thos Spencer to be very accurate.)
Image 66 – Carm Foster
Meeting House &
Note: pages 34 to 36 appear to be missing
Image 67 - Doug Smith
            Anthony sometimes slept in the School-house and according to a custom not so very long discontinued, he “boarded ‘round”. He was a terror to his pupils; he kept a “dunce-cap” made of paper, ornamented with feathers. He regularly enjoyed a siesta during school hours and made use of his quid of tobacco as a favorite coercive projectile. Having taught the first school in the neighbourhood and being a man of undoubted original talent, his eccentricities were regarded with reserved humour and himself as a dominant wonder among the insular clearings.
            In 1899, an old pupil of Anthony died at the age of 93 years, having attended at the little log school-house in the year 1815 and after.
            Contemporary with this Bowerman school was one in the village of (now) Bloomfield, built later by Cornelius White (q. v.). Several well-known names occur among the teachers who alternated between these two centres of early colonial education. Among these are Anthony Tyrrell; Joseph Leavens and a man named – Jackson -, later came Joseph Brown of Whitby and Wm. Nethery a native of Fermanagh Ireland. Nethery was a cousin of Wm. Wilson, also from Fermanagh and who mar. a dau. of Josiah Bull. William Nethery taught school in the old meeting-house on “Bowerman’s Hill” in 1835; thence moved to Hillier where in 1836 his son Stephen B. Nethery was born.
            In Anthony’s school were few pupils, mostly small children. It is very probable that the “Agreement” mentioned in Cannif’s Hist. p. 333, has reference to this school, as Daniel Leavens was one of the trustees who signed it and whose sister Polly had been a pupil there, in 1815. The agreement was in accordance with the Can. Sch. Act of 1816 – so it must appear that this school was in operation in that year.
            A night-school for instruction in writing, was held in the log school for a considerable time, taught by an American, named Jackson. This man not being able to engage in manual labor on account of a defective development in one arm was therefore educated for the ministry, but later drifted into the radical current which stranded him at last in the night-shift of a frontier school.
            When the meeting-house on “Bowerman’s Hill” was abandoned in 1821 for the new house in lower Bloomfield, the little school-house on the corner ceased to be an educational centre; the school was henceforth transferred to the old meeting- house and there continued as late as 1835.
            This first Quaker Meeting and first Quaker School bring us again face to face with the Dawn of  Quaker colonization, when religious and secular instruction grew side by side in the promulgation of an enlightened Christianity, emancipation from political interference on the one hand and ecclesiastical intolerance on the other.
Image 68 - Doug Smith
            Probably about 1804 Thomas Bowerman began the erection of a large two-storey frame house on the ridge to the north of the Danforth Road. This building was palatial in comparison to the first log cabin near the flax-ground. It was in a commanding position on the high ridge and made more conspicuous still by reason of being painted white. From its color it long passed by the name of the “Big White House”; and still retained that name long after time and the ravage of wintry storms had obliterated every vestige of its once immaculate covering. The owner of this house was known from Quinte to Quebec as a man of unstinting hospitality; a Quaker of the Quakers, genial, convivial and ungrudgingly hospitable.
            According to the first preserved record of the township of Hallowell 18 th Jul. 1798, Thomas Bowerman’s name occurs rated in the second class at  80, 5. 0. - x add note here
            Early in the season of 1810, Thomas and his brother Gideon went to Quebec with a raft. On the return, Thomas was taken ill at Kingston of “ship-fever”, where he died. Concerning his unfortunate death at the age of 50, no details are known save that he died away from the home he had erected and the family that he cherished. No tidings of his illness had reached his family and the imagination may be left to picture the consternation of that devoted group when a messenger approached on horse-back with the information that the little cortege was already nearing the house.
            He was buried in the Friends–Burial–Ground near the log–meeting–house on “Bowerman’s Hill”.
            A memorable event at the “Big White House” occurred on the 18 th Sept. 1818, when the following couples were married according to the order of Friends – although not legally sanctioned for many years after – these were Sarah Bowerman and Townsend Garrett; Patience Bull, half-sister to Maturah and William Garrett; Stephen Bowerman and Phebe Garrett, a sister of Wm.
            The memory of that hilarious evening still lingers; but those who were participants in the event, have mostly passed beyond the gloaming and the lapse of almost a century has left little more than their names dimly legible on the pages of fleeting time.
            Children of (V) Thomas Bowerman and Maturah Bull. See Bull Family – d. 2d Nov. 1846 aged 73   (2) John Stinson { James = Amy Burlingham} {Henry = Vanhorn }
b 10 Oct 1794 – p55 (VI) Sarah Bowerman – mar. Townsend Garrett
    4 Jan 1796 - - -    Mary                  ( born 4 th Jan 1796 – died 17 th Aug. 1796.)p56
“ 18 Sept 1797 - - -  Phebe                          18 th Aug. 1797-      20 th May 1811.“56
“13 Mar 1799 - - -   Stephen              - mar. Phebe Garrett.   p 56
“11 April 1803 -      Joseph                - (1) Phebe Cronkhite
                                                                (2) Phebe Upton.
“18 Dec 1802 - -    Thomas               - (1) Jemima Platt.
                                                                (2) Mary Young (nee Platt).
“8 Sept 1804 - -      Josiah                  -       Sarah Brewer.   9        p 58 – 71
“20 “   1806           Amos                  -   (1) Sarah Haight.
                                                                  (2) Mary Lewis.              “ 58 – 71
 11 Oct 1808  ——   Lydia  d 24 July 1883 – Thomas Stinson. b 1 May 1808   59 –
10 Sept 1810 ——   Patience               -         Alexander Sheriff.
Insert above, acrs
            Note -  The Assessment roll of the township of Hallowell for the year 1808
Thomas Tosal ? Thores Bowerman the foll. valuation of property - - Total acreage. 600; cleared 80 house square timber ( zraied ) 2 story; with 4 additional fire-places; horses 4; oxen 2; cows 6; cattle 10; swine 2; Total apprizement ₤ 263. 0 . 0. ; District expenses 10s. 11d. 8. ; Representative
Image 69 - Doug Smith
(V) Lydia Bowerman – dau. of (VI) Ichabod and Jane – born in Dutchess Co. on the 15 th Jan. 1762 ; died in the Twp. of Hallowell, Co. Pr. Ed. 13 th of Feb 1811. Lydia married in Dutchess Co. Cornelius Blount and moved to Canada in the year 1790 and together settled on the east half of Lot I, 1 st Con. of the Military tract, in the Co. of Prince Edward.
            It may be noted here that Lot I, consisted of two parts, that on the East, of 170 acres, being granted by the Crown Patent, dated 17 th Mar. 1804, to Mary Ann Peters; that her husband John Peters held by Crown Patent dated 17 th May 1802, the west part of Lot 2, in said Mil. Tr., consisting of 330 acres and that on the 20 th Aug. 1805, John and Mary Peters conveyed to Cornelius Blount 175 acres of the East part of Lot I, 1 st Con. of the Mil. Tr., for the sum of ₤30.0.0. Now it should be observed that the Crown Patent for the west half of Lot I, was not issued until the 5 th of Oct. 1805, nor the land conveyed to Thomas Bowerman until the 28 th Dec. of the same year; although as a matter of history Thomas was assessed for this place, on which he had already built a “two-storey, square-timber, house” of such palatial character that it is described as having “4 additional fire-places”, in the previous year of 1804. These farms were hence entered upon and improved by the settlers, years before the titles were issued for the land. They were purchased from the original holder, to whom they had been allotted by the Govt. ostensibly for military service; and there is not a shadow of a suspicion that Thomas Bowerman was granted favors withheld from any other Quaker, on account of alleged political persecution. Cornelius Blount first settled in this Tract. He is pursued by no phantom of loyalty, although the Quakers were then as now strictly a loyal people; and had Thomas or Cornelius, as Friends, been suspected of disloyalty is it likely that these frontier farms, set aside as they are claimed to have been for occupation by soldiers, would have been immediately turned over to the ownership of a people ever so little suspected of disaffection?
            When Cornelius Blount Settled on Lot I, his brother-in-law, Thomas Bowerman as we have seen was living at the Tubbs farm on West Lake; while a short distance west of Cornelius, on Lot 16. 1 st Con. N. W. I. another brother-in-law, Nathaniel White was probably already residing, as his farm was Patented directly from the Govt. to him in 1803. It may be seen later that the brothers and sisters of the Bowerman family showed a strong determination to settle close together; hence Thomas left West Lake farm and settled among his people.
            Cornelius Blount built his first log house on Lot I, close to the bank of the ravine which seperates the two sections south of the Danforth road and close also to a spring of water. Small as was the house, those zealous pioneers found room enough within its rough walls to accommodate their meeting for religious worship. The door of the cabin was made from single pine board, the only one of suitable width and quality to answer
Image 70 - Doug Smith
the purpose to be found at “Hovington’s Landing”. From this place Cornelius carried it
on his back through the bush trail to his home. The distance was about six miles and probably it seemed much greater; but the tasks which that generation set for themselves were not light ones.
            On the assessment roll of the township of Hallowell 18 th July 1798; the names of Cornelius Blount occurs rated at “first-class” – 2s. 6d.; while in the same assessment for 1808, he appears as foll. – “150 acres – 50 acres cleared one log house – 3 horses – 4 cows – 3 cattle – 1 swine – Total apprizement ₤ 114.10s.0. District Expenses 4s. 9d. -. Representative Expenses, 1s. 7d. “.
            Previous to their removal to Canada, Cornelius and Lydia adopted a boy in Dutchess Co. and called him Jared Blount. When Jared “grew up”, he married Betsy - - - -? and they settled on the Bay-Side below Picton. They had a family of two sons and one daughter, the latter whom they also named Betsy. The boys were both drowned and Betsy married Jonathan Vincent, being the first wife of the latter and they had a son Jared Vincent who moved away into the then far country of Nebraska.
            The family of Cornelius Blount also were of the sect of Quakers and as already observed, it was at the house of Cornelius that the first meetings of the Friends were held. In 1799, Hugh Judge, a well known Quaker Minister, or preacher, visited Friends in Pr. Ed. at “West Lake”, as the section around Bloomfield was known in Quaker parlance. No doubt he held meetings in the little log house across the creek from the Elms; for in the year 1803, Elias Hicks visited the Co. holding meeting at the house of Robert Hubbs below “Hovington’s Landing” and afterwards  - “proceeded to the Township of Hallowell, to the house of our Friend Thomas Bowerman near West Lake etc.” and further – “On the 3 rd. day, 11 th of 10 th Mo. (1803), we returned to the house of Cornelius Blount, where the Meeting for Friends of West Lake, was held”.
            The above observation establishes the fact that Friend’s meetings had been regularly held at this place for a considerable time; and it is also proof that the “Big White House” was not yet in existence, for otherwise the meetings would have been held in the latter place on account of the larger accommodation.
            At the second Prep. Mtg. of women Friends held at the house of Cornelius Blount, at west Lake, 7 th of 6 th Mo. 1802, Lydia Blount was appointed one of the committee of two to attend the next Mo. Mtg. at Adolphustown.
            Lydia’s death came about indirectly from Thomas Bowerman’s so-called “ship-fever. Gideon her brother lived at the house of Cornelius and Gideon accompanied Thomas on his last and fatal voyage, himself contracting the disease, from which he died in the summer of 1810, while Lydia, who took it from Gideon, died in the Feb. of 1811 following. After her death Cornelius married Phebe Stephenson who survived him; but Cornelius and Lydia are buried side by side in the S. E. corner of the old Friends Burial Ground on “Bowerman’s Hill. The graves are marked by rough stones, on which
Image 71 – Judy Andrus Toporcer
are rudely carved the letters “C.B.” – and “L.B.”, and close to these are the graves of Rachel Bowerman - and Cyrus Richmond, the former buried in 1834, and the latter in 1854.  Lying on the southern face of the hill, this spot is not often visited, and seen only from the railway; the view overlooks the broad marsh-lands, with the islands, sand-banks, and Lake Ontario, to the far south, while on the East, Macaulays hill stands sentinel over Hallowell Bridge and the ancient “Hovington’s-Landing” and “Tavern”.  Three quarters of a century ago this old Quaker-Burial-Ground was a sacred enclosure to the memory of many early and worthy pioneers; to-day its once long rows of neatly kept graves are nearly obliterated, and the place is almost abandoned as a “potters-field” to an impecunious immigration.
                        (VI).     Joseph    }
                        (VI)      Mary      }  (these both died in early infancy).
p 60                 (VI)      Jane Blount – b.                        mar. Daniel Leavens.  gv [qv??]
p 60&62          (VI)      Stephen  "  - b. mar. 1. Content Ann Bull –2. Pamilla Brewer. qv[?]
(V).  Phebe Bowerman - dau.of (IV) Ichabod and Jane - b.24th  Sept.1763, died 1783; married Richard Butts, in Dutchess Co. having issue-viz.
p 62     (VI).  Sarah Butts-who died unmarried-neither of the family came to Can..
(V).  Mary Bowerman - dau.of  (IV) Ichabod and Jane – b. 30th June 1766; died 6thJan. 1849.  She married (1) Nathaniel White, in Dutchess Co.; came to Canada about 1790, and soon after settled on the south half of Lot XVI, ist Con.N.W.L.. In the assessment of 1798, Nathaniel White is placed in the “under rated” list at 2s.0; but in that of 1808, he is assessed as foll.- “acres 100- cleared 30 - house, two-storey, frame – horses 3 - cows 6 – cattle 3 – Total apprizement 114.0s.0d. – Dist. Expenses 4s.9d. – Representative Expenses 1s.7d .” –
            The Crown Patent for Lot XVI, was issued to Nathaniel White on the 16th Nov.1803: and the lot consisted of 200 acres,: but Nathaniel sold the rear half to William Christy, 100 acres for 100.0.0. Halifax Currency, the date of sale being 9thAug. 1815.
(V)  Mary and Nathaniel had a family of eight children, the youngest of whom died in 1822, aged 16 years, so it is probable that they were married shortly before leaving Dutchess Co.
p 62     (VI).     Ichabod White – no issue, and no other data.
               "       Jane          "      -   "     "       "    "      "        "
               "        Mary         "      - mar. Abraham West.
               "        Jeremiah   "       -    "    Sarah Keys, and lived at Auburn, Ohio.
               "        Nancy       "      -    "    Levi West; d. 30thJuly 1847, in Mich. or Ohio.
               "        William     "       -    "    Mary Terwilliger. Lived near R.R. Burlingham place -
               "        Deborah    "      -    "    William Eldridge, no issue.
               "        Nathaniel   "      -   (died 1822, aet. 16)
(V). Mary, married (2) Ezra Jennings, and moved on the 27th May 1816 to Geneva N.Y. near Rochester; Ezra died at Geneva, and Mary returned to Canada in 1827. She spent some years among her relatives in Hallowell, and by them was known phonetically as “Aunt Mary Gin-ins”.  At that time she was a little, nervous, old woman, with an inexhaustable fund of grotesque humor.  Her children having all removed to Ohio and Michigan, she ultimately went to the latter state where she died 6th Jan.1849.
Note-“Ameliasburgh Prep.Mts. of Women Friends, 9thof 3rdMo.1827—a request signed Mary Jinnins” – This was possibly a request for membership.
Image 72 and 73 – Judy Andrus Toporcer
 [Transcriber’s note:  this page is torn and the right side missing portions. Page number missing. Two images were taken to reveal writing under the photograph.]
p64 -    (VI)  Ichabod (V Jonathan IV Ich + Jane) Bowerman – mar. Lavinia Hummiston? [Humberstone?] Gardn [rest of line missing]
  "            "    John                 "         -    "     Mary Harris.              [rest of line missing]              
  "            "    Cornelius         "         -    "     Martha Morgan.         [rest of line missing]
  "            "    Deborah           "         -    "     Thomas M. Brown.    [rest of line missing]
  "            "    Eleanor            "         -    "     Samuel Foster.          [rest of line missing]
  "            "    Jane                 "         -    "     Thomas Clark – die  [rest of line missing]
  "            "    Abigail            "         -    "     Smith P. Leavens      [rest of line missing]
  "            "    Thomas           "         -    "     Jane Mott.
            Sarah Vincent, wife of  (V) Jonathan Bowerman,   [rest of line missing]
the children of their own large family, they “br     [rest of line missing]
a relative of Sarah, and Jonathan in his octogen     [rest of line missing]
-ed to doggerel, a notable sample of which called     [rest of line missing]
poems, printed in 1849, is an unappreciated classi    [rest of line missing]

[Here, a deteriorated picture of a house and barn is taped at the top and flipped over the text. All text is transcribed below]

  image 72

Residence of V. Stephen and Amy (Hughes) Bowerman.
(Stephen Bowerman’s Residence in 1857)
(V). Deborah Boweran-dau.of (IV) Ichabod and Jane- born
                        6thSept.1819; married in Dutc
and continued to occupy the “Bowerman-Homestead” d
of their children later occupied it, and as late as
still in the family possession.  None of the childre
to Canada, with a single exception, Elizabeth, who marr
            The house was burned some years since; and with its
distinctive character of the place lost much of it’s a
to the student of family history.
p65      (VI). Paulina Vincent – mar. George Darling.
               "    Hoxsie        "       -    "    Abigail Stone.
               "    Elizabeth     "       -    "    Stewart Christy. qv
               "    Levi            "       -    "    Mary Vail.
               "    Margaret     "       -    "    Seth Barmer.
               "    Gideon        "       -    
               "    Platt            "       -    
               "    Jane            "       -    
               "    Lydia          "       -    
               "    Phebe Ann   "       -    
               "    Thomas       "       -    
               "    Mary           "       -     "   Cyrus Perkins
 (V).  Stephen Bowerman-son of (IV) Ichabod and Jane-born in Dutchess Co. [page torn]
                                    22ndOct. 1773; died at his home in the Twp. of [page torn]
3rdJune 1857.  He came to Canada in Company with Cornelius Blount [page torn]
-ers in 1790.  Before settling on the farm where he died, he engag       [page torn]
with his brothers Thomas and Gideon in rafting on the St. Lawrence       [page torn]
records of the first assessment of the Twp. of Hallowell, 18th July 1      [page torn]
Stephen’s name appears in the “under-rated” class at 2s.0. At one time
is said to have owned Lot 3.2ndCon.Mil.Tr. tho’ the title may not have
been issued to him, but he lost this property through a “salt-well” ent
-erprise with his brother Israel. and Isaac Beadle –qv-
            Stephen located at length on Lot.18.1st Con. N. of West Lake, probably
before the year 1795, and having first obtained possession of the lot thr-
-ough a “swap” with John Bull, the first, of l  [hole in page]   ield. It was said by
the next generation that his bargain with         [hole in page]   atified by the
“boot” of an Indian-pony and a jug of fi          [hole in page]   es not [?]rans[??]
Image 74 – Judy Andrus Toporcer
(V). Ichabod Bowerman- son of (IV) Ichabod and Jane-born 2ndSept.1757 1767?, in Dutchess Co. died 7thMar.1815; married in Dutchess Co.N.Y. Rebecca Mastin and came to Canada in company with Cornelius Blount and Stephen Bowerman in 1790.  He settled on a farm in what is later the village of Bloomfield, on the Mill-stream, where the line between the 1st and 2nd Concessions of the Military Tract crosses the present Danforth road.  On the stream above mentioned, Ichabod built the second grist-mill erected in Bloomfield.  This mill was afterwards owned and operated by the Clarks and Coopers, in succession, the latter still operating a small saw-mill on the site of the grist-mill, which was burned in 1877-78.
            On the assessment roll of 1798, Ichabod is rated “second-class” at 5s0. while in the first record of the Twp. of Hallowell, 18thJuly 1798, he was with others appointed an “Overseer of Highways and Fence-viewer”.  In the Assessment of the Township for 1808, (V) Ichabod had the following property—“150 acres of land; 50 cleared; two storey frame house; 2 horses; 3 cows; 1 cattle; $121.0.0.  Total Apprizement; 5s.0d.1/2 1/2; District Expenses; 1s.8d.1/2 Representative Expenses”.
            The farm of (V) Ichabod was that known as Lot 7.2ndCon. of the Mil. Tr. consisting of 200 acres, and the Crown Patent was issued directly to Ichabod on the 17thMay 1802.
            Besides the grist-mill already mentioned, (V) Ichabod had a saw-mill on the east side of the stream, behind his house, while the grist-mill stood on the opposite or west side of the stream.
            (V) Ichabod and Rebecca were also of the sect of Friends; and on the 18th of 7thMo. 1803, Rebecca was appointed to attend Mo. Mtg. by the Prep. Mtg. of Women Friends held at the house of Cornelius Blount.  They reared a [illegible word] family; all of whom were born at Lot 7 except Phebe who was born in Dutchess Co. and was nearly a year old on the arrival of the family in Canada.
p 62     (VI).    Phebe Bowerman – mar. Ransaeler Burlingham
p 63        "        Lydia           "         -    "    Garrett Striker         
p 63        "        Mary           "         -    "    William Bedell (also written Beadle).
p 63        "        Jonithan I.  "         -    "     (1) Susan Clark.
                                                                 (2)  Hannah (Cunningham) Ferris.
               "        Aaron          "         -    died in infancy.
p 63        "        Gideon        "         -    "    (1) Sarah Harris.
                                                                (2) Mary Mott.
p 63        "        Stephen      "         -    "    Catherine Cunningham.
p 63        "        Sarah          "         -    "    James Osborne.
p 63        "        Thomas      "         -    (died 24thFeb.1829, aet 18 years).
p 63        "        Judah          "         -    (   "     in infancy).
            The curious observer will not fail to notice that this land, also allotted for military service, was issued directly to a Quaker.  The date of Ichabod’s Patent is prior to that of both Cornelius and Thomas, though it is understood that the members of this large family of immigrants came together in the year 1790.
* Garrett Striker kept a tavern at the “Quinte Hotel” place[?] Main St. Picton – Died there – coffin taken out of the window – He mar. Lydia Bowerman + had Gideon Striker MPP[??] - -
                                                Mrs. D Chapman of Picton
                                                  (a dau is Mrs. William[? Willis?] Vinzio[??]    See post[?]
Image 75 – Carm Foster
(V). Jonathan Bowerman – son of (IV) Ichabod and Jane – born in Dutchess Co. N.Y. 18th Aug 1789 died in Bloomfield Co. Pr. Ed. on the 2nd Feb 1857; married probably in Dutchess Co., although it is not known that he was married when he first came to Canada.  This was in 1793, when he accompanied the Spencer party which landed in Picton 23rd May of that year.  Either at this or a later time, he brought his wife Sarah Vincent . 9.V.
            The Spencer party, alluded to, comprised among others, Samuel Williams, father of Platt Williams, William Cunningham Sr., Jonathan Bowerman and his two younger brothers Israel and Judah.
            Jonathan selected and settled Lot 10. 2nd Con. Mil Tr,. the Crown Patent: for which was issued on the 10th June 1801, the lot consisting of 200 acres.
            This is probably the first instance of any portion of the Mil Tr. of  Pr. Ed. Co. being disposed of to a Quaker; but the incident is in contradiction to the declaration of Rochfoucault; and establishes the certainty that in 1800, there was no discrimination, direct or implied, between the settlers of this portion of the Midland District.  Private individuals, such as the Friends, purchased their farms; while disbanded soldiers received certain “Grants” in lieu of other reward for distinguished services.  Quakers purchased and occupied these “Grants”; and although the members of this peaceful sect were neither accused nor suspected of treason, in consequence of their refusal to bear arms – a principle well understood by the Govt, which issued their Patents – they were the recipients of indignities and persecution equalled only by the Puritanic deviltries of a preceeding century.
            In contrast to the with the consistent conduct of Friends, let others turn a page blurred by the record of a bartered heritage, with the charitable hope that the abundant vanity of a later generation may not actually wrest well-meritted honors from their more worthy contemporaries!
            On Lot 10, Jonathan built a saw-mill, which was later superceded by a grist-mill.  This mill-site is a few rods north of the Danforth road, in Lower Bloomfield, and adjoining Stephen Ferguson’s tannery; the property was known as “Morgan’s Mill”, and was at last destroyed by fire, and the dam removed.
25.68   “Assessment of Hallowell, 18th July 1798, Jonathan Bowerman, first-class,
“at 2s [smudge] ?? and in that of 1808, he has the foll property; viz. –
“Acres 425? [smudge]; cleared  4 ?? ; house, frame, one and a half stories; gristmill 1;
“sawmill  1; horses  2; cows  4; cattle 2; Total apprizement  $308  0  0?; District
“ Expenses, 16s 7d; Representative Expenses, 5s 7d”.
(V) – Jonathan Bowerman was one of the wealthiest men of his time at Bloomfield; but his property, accumulated as Quaker property was, by thrift and punctuality, has been scattered until the family possessions include little more than the family name.  Besides the sawmill, Jonathan built a gristmill, in partnership with John Bull.  The latter mill was situated south of the road, and later came to be known as “Bull’s-Hill”; and was for many years owned and operated by “Uncle John Bull”.  It stands on the North side of the
Image 76 – Carm Foster
road seperating the 1st and 2nd Concessions of the Mil. Tr. near the side-road between lots 8 and 9.  This mill was for some years owned and managed by the “Bowerman-Brothers”, and known as the “Atlas-Mills”; but the property has repeatedly changed ownership.
            Just where the first “saw-mill” or the first “grist-mill” actually stood is a matter of some conjecture.  At the east end of the pond in lower Bloomfield, may still be seen the remains of an old dam, probably locating the grist-mill at this place.  Jonathan Bowerman and John Bull being adjoining neighbours, and both being thrifty; they together set aside a portion of their farms for the use of the society, as Stephen and Judah Bowerman had done in connection with the first meeting-house.  The conveyance of the land however does not signify that either of these worthy ancestors were actuated entirely by religious motives as the conveyance was made “in consideration “of the sum of $15.0.0.-“; the deed being granted to the Trustees of the So Society - viz. “Jonathan Clark – Daniel Haight – and Gilbert Dorland”.  This deed was executed on the 14th May 1821.  The new meeting-house was built in the same year, 1821; and although considerably modified in appearance, is still occupied as a meeting-house by the remnant of that doubly disrupted society.  The burial-ground of this section, thickly overgrown with spruce, is known somewhat facetiously as the “Orthodox - burial - ground”, in suitable distinction from the first off-shoot from the parent society in 1828, the: Hicksite - or Unitarian” branch of Quakerdom, situated at the west-end of the church-building village of Bloomfield.
Note - Quite as curious as the recent modifications of the society, is the origin of the spruce trees already making of giving to the deserted spot the appearance of a handsome cemetery.  In the winter of 1828, Nicholas Brown of Whitby Ont. with his wife and a child visited West Lake meeting of Friends.  The child died and was buried in this old-Friend’s burial ground.  In the following summer Nicholas planted the spruce tree so well known to the residents of Hallowell, and which was felled in 1886.  From this tree sprang the forest of spruces now beautifying the locality.  In this connection it should not be forgotten that Nicholas Brown, who planted that tree, was a somewhat famous controversalist and expounder of the Hicksite doctrine; so much so that his name was synonomous with the Hicksiteism that he laboured to promulgate; and in due time he became known facetiously as the “Lord of the Hicksites”.  Such is the irony of fate that the uncompromising Orthodox to-day, even though unwittingly, cherishes as the supreme beauty of his cemetery, a living monument, ever green to the memory of the one man whom the society united in despising and whose religion they anathematize to this day.
            It will be remembered that David Conger of Picton kept a store at the latter place; on his account-book for the year 1800, appears the name of  “Jonathan Bowerman – Dr. To 1. Chamber-pot.”; but the price is unfortunate [off page] not stated and we are unable to appreciate this notable luxury at its proper value.
Image 77 – Carm Foster
who received the latter.
  (V)     Stephan Bowerman was in possession of his farm at the date of issue of the Crown certificate, 1797, although that Patent was not granted in Stephen’s own name.  When his first log house was built on the site of the present brick structure, the trail ran south of the house on a line close to the north side of the C.O.R.R.; but with the change in 1798, when the new Danforth road was run, the old house was left with its back to the road, a condition which it maintained with undignified stubbornness until its demolition in 1877.
            When Stephen first took possession of this farm, the settler’s log house was situated on the “cross-road”, on the ridge, a few yards north of the old Butternut tree, still standing in 1904,; but this house was burned during Stephen’s absence on one of the periodical rafting voyages.
            The second log-house Stephen built himself at the place mentioned; and that house remained in use until 1834, when it was pulled down and its place taken by a more modern frame structure,  In running the Danforth road there is at this place a deviation from the direct line to “Bowerman’s Hill” due to a compromise with the contractors.  Stephen’s house was in the surveyed line and must have been removed had the road been made in the line of survey.  As a compromise the road was deflected to the north and Stephen’s house left unmolested.  And it is to the winding irregularity of this well-known thoroughfare that so much of the local charm of scenery is brought to the notice of the enraptured traveller.
            The Crown Patent for Lot 18. 1st Con. N.W.L. was granted as follows –
“6th April 1797; Twp. Sophiasburgh, To Lieut. W. Moore, 200 acres”.
“28th Jan. 1806, Sold by Lieut. Moore to John Dorland for 25.00. (reg. 20, 16 Sept. 1825
“15th Mar. 1810, Sold by John Dorland to Stephen Bowerman, 100. (reg. 10 Jun. 1819)
“14th May 1821, Granted by Stephen Bowerman to the trustees of Friend’s Meeting, a portion of lot 18, for purposes of the society, burial-ground, etc.
“registered 29th June 1829”.
            Many years after Stephen Bowerman owned and occupied Lot 18, he went one winter to Adolphustown and hunted up the title deed to his farm.  That deed with the old Govt. Seal, is still in possession of the writer; and bears date 6th April 1797., and the lot was then in the Twp. of Sophiasburgh.
            In 1801, Stephen built a frame barn, close to the road; that barn, after much re-building, still remains in 1904, the frame unalterred from its original building.  In the assessment of the Twp. of Hallowell for the year 1808 Stephen had the following property – “100 acres of land; - cleared 60;-
“horses  2; -oxen  2; - cows  2; - calf 1; - Total apprizement 110.0.0.;-District
“Expenses 4s. 7d; - Representative Expenses  1s. 6d 1/2 ;”.
            At this time he lived in the round-log house; and about 1800 or 1801, he built a frame house beside the old log structure; and in 1812, he added to the frame a room equal to the size of the original house.  This addition was really made to accommodate the new faction in religious circles
Image 78 – Carm Foster
known as ”Children of Peace” but by the Gentile community as “Davidites”.
            Stephen’s generosity received a wholesome check, for as soon as the room was completed, Amy his wife, set up a bed and took formal possession.
            That was the last of Stephen’s defection toward the vagaries of the new sect; and the house continued to be occupied by the family until after the death of Stephen in 1857.  The huge fire-place, oven, and chimney, as well as the hearth, were made from large square brick; these latter were made from the clay along the marsh front, and were burned in a kiln the site of which has been under the high water of the marsh for three quarters of a century.  Early in the 30’s of the last century, this old brick-kiln site made a play-ground for the children of the neighborhood; for the next generation it was a quagmire in Summer and a skating-pond in the Winter, as well as a happy-hunting-ground for muskrats.
            How well the old people built in the early days of the colony may be imagined from an inspection of their material anh [and] the remnants of their dwellings.  The supposition that they were devoid of instruction in skilled labor, is an admission of ignorance unworthy of their descendants.  Many articles of the handicraft of our grand-parents, are still inevidence, attesting their intelligence and skill; and these would do credit to the better equipped work-shops of our modern artizans.
            As an example of their untiring perseverance, in additon to other farm duties, they grew their own wool, sheared, carded, spun, and wove it into cloth which they dyed and made into garments for their own wear; they raised flax, which they likewise dressed, spun, and wove into household linen.
            Much of their furniture, and some of their coarser cullinary articles were both hand-made and “home-made”.  Among other relics left by Stephen Bowerman, are a number of wooden bowls, one of which was made by the latter in the year 1800.
            In the matter of building, the houses were covered with hand-shaved cedar shingles, fastened in the first instances, with small hard-wood pins, and in the later, by short wrought nails, with wide flat heads, all made by hand.  Some of these nails are doubtless still in existence on the premises or were so only a few years since.  The first roof of Stephen’s barn built in 1801, was held by means of these wooden pins; this roof was replaced in 1854; the succeeding one being secured by the wrought nails mentioned, this in turn being replaced in ’64, though the original frame stands unchanged.
            From the old homes in Dutchess Co. our ancestors brought seeds of apple, pear, plum, and cherry, all of which they grew in abundance; and it is a mistake to suppose that the Pr. Ed. orchards sprang from the “Wallbridge” stock as erroneously observed in “Canniff’s Hist. page -599”.
            Very – early in his colonial experience, Stephen Bowerman had a thrifty nursery on his farm, the remains of which were in evidence almost up to the time of his death.  In this connection it is well known that Benjamin Leavens brought apple-seeds on his first visit when he spied out his farm
Image 79  Doug Smith
in the year 1803. Purchasing his homestead from Capt. John Stinson, he planted his apple-seeds, returning the following year with his family. Much of this early or first fruit, was unavoidably almost useless for domestic use, hence the enormous quantities of good old-cider the cheered the hard-working and weary harvesters in the years gone by, but of such cheerful memory that the fragrance of the first “fermentation” rises even now as a wholesome benediction over their forgotten graves.
            It must not be disguised that our plain-speaking and plainer living ancestors grew their own tobacco, although there is no evidence that the use of tobacco was any more common than it is at the present day. The practice in those days was often in response to the pleasing recommendation of such a popular physician as Dr. Corey of Wellington, whose popularity his prescriptions no doubt improved. Of the patients there is no other record than the fragrant odor of sacrificial fumes burned to the memory of ye good old Dr. many years after he had laid down his own comforter. The habit was sufficiently popular and orthodox that many of our good old grandmothers sat by their husbands at the winter’s ingle-side and smoked their “church-wardens”, without a suspicion of impropriety.
            After the day’s work was ended, the fire-place was the common meeting ground for the family; here the old-folks between puffs, recounted their fund of border reminiscences in New England and Pennsylvania; eyes sleepy in the fierce heat of glowing pine-knots, opened in childish afright at the crackle of burning logs and the moaning of wintry winds past broken window panes. These hearth-side gatherings in the old colonial kitchen, were the first links in that holy fetter which binds us to our home, our kin, and our country. With the necessary passing of that happy feature of pioneer life, vanishes much of the romance of forest life, full of its up-building reminiscences both spiritual and secular.
            Attention has already been called to the Quaker meetings at the house of Cornelius Blount and the synchronous growth of Quakerism in Pr. Ed. and Adolphustown. As a proof of the assertion that Friends did not spread [from] “Adolphustown as a center”, let us see how Stephen Bowerman obtained membership in the society. Stephen sent a “proposal for membership” to Nine-Partners Mo. Mtg. some time in1798; for when the committee from the latter meeting visited Adolphustown to officially establish the Prep. Mtg. at that place, they brought also a minute from the same meeting announcing the admission of  Stephen as a member of that meeting. The visit of this meeting was on the 7 th of 9 th Mo. (Sept) 1798, the year previous to the building of the first meeting house at Adolphustown. Now when Adolphustown had later been advanced to the dignity of a Mo. Mtg. on the 21 st of Aug. 1800 Stephen Bowerman became a member of that meeting, transferring his certificate from Nine-Partners, hence the Mo. Mtg. of Adolphustown also grew in numbers by the spread of Friends from Pr. Ed.

Image 80
  Doug Smith
            When the Friends meeting House had been built on the premises granted by Stephen and Judah, since known as “Bowerman’s Hill”, Stephen and Judah took great interest in the welfare of the society and especially in the preservation of the property and the dignified conduct of the meetings, at which they presided as if they were “deacons” of overseers which latter they doubtless were.
            It will be understood that some of the first settlers among whom were the Garretts, ground their wheat and corn in mortars hallowed out of stumps using as a pestle a block of wood suspended by a long flexible sapling.
            There is no evidence that the Bowermans utilized this ingenious device they however, being accustomed to an aquatic life and being acquainted with the mills at “Cataraqui”, took their wheat to that mill by way of the creek, known as “Stinson’s Creek, in bateau, rowing out of West Lake at the out-let, thence around the southern side of the Co. to the mills aforesaid.
            In later years, Jonathan and Ichabod built mills at the village of Bloomfield, both of which under one management or another still continue to operate either as grist or saw-mills. Apropos of the Kingston Mills referred to, Canniff says – “Kingston Mill was built on the Cataraqui River 7 miles north of the fort, by one Robert Clark, for the Gov’t. Settlers had their grinding done without toll”.
            The schooling of Stephen’s family was obtained at the Meeting House on the Hill, for the most part; tho’ later members of the household attended the school established near the McFaul bridge, a mile or more to the West. It was at the latter place they used to meet the old Dutch grandmother of whom they were very fond and who in humor [mad]e frequent use of the peculiar expression of “Oh my good lord-putt”. Just what significance the “put” expresses has never been explained. It is doubtless advanced German and if used to-day in “den Vater-land”, would probably elect the use to a term in prison for “lesse majesti”. We may well exclaim with the good old forgotten pioneer – “oh, my good Lord-putt”.
            On the 18 th Jan. 1812, Stephen married Amy Hughes, dau. of Job Hughes of Yonge Street Ont. but formerly of Catawissa Pa. Amy’s advent into Pr. Ed. was during the war of 1812; and in after years she frequently related seeing the troops pass along the Danforth road on their way to Queenstown.
            There were two bodies of infantry, one English, in red or scarlet tunics, who marched in regular step and without confusion; while the others were evidently Dutch and who marched as a noisy rabble without the least semblance of military discipline, talking and gesticulating in a wild and unknown tongue that doubtless often suggested to her in later years to exclaim – “oh, my good lord-putt”. see Spencers
            A Company of Irish solders stayed over night at this time at the old log house of Stephen Bowerman and Amy heard one of the young men say to his comrades – “I wonder what my mother would think if she could see me now”. – Few of this Co. survived the action at Queenstown.
Image 81  Doug Smith
            By this same cheerful hearth-side where the unfortunate young soldiers slept; many a band of Indians has later slept while on their journeyings among the scanty colonists. They were a peaceful folk, with whom the Quakers were ever at peace; and many quaint tales used to be told at the fire-side of strange visitors, coming from near and far, but always with the same quiet dignity. There is little wonder that the ancestors of Amy Bowerman were unmolested during the Wyoming massacres – they were at peace with everyman including the Indian.  † add here ‡  See Auld or to full ?  50
[Transcribers Note: the “add here” refers to the page called Image 83]
(V)  Stephen (iv Ichabod & Jane) Bowerman – died at the homestead, on the 3 rd June and Amy Bowerman – died also at the same place, 31 st July 1863.
            (VI) Abigail Bowerman -                  ; died 8 th Aug. 1846, aet about 33 years.
                   Eleanor                - b. 27 th July 1814; died 25 th Nov. 1883 ; unmarried.
                   Rachel                 - b.               ; died 25 th Nov. 1834; unmarried, aet 18 years.
                   Gideon                 - b. 29 th Nov. 1818; died 16 th Sept. 1877; married
                                                      Mary Christy, dau. Wm and Ruth Christy. (q. v. )
                  Oliver                  -
                 Sophia                - (the latter were twins, both dying in infancy).
            (VI). Gideon Bowerman – son of Ichabod and Jane – born 22 nd Jan. 1776; died at the house of Cornelius Blount on the 29 th May 1811. 1810? of “ship-fever” contracted during a rafting voyage to Quebec with his brother Thomas Bowerman, as already stated. He was buried on “Bowerman’s Hill” near the grave of his sister Lydia, probably, though she was not then dead, nor is the grave of Gideon marked. Gideon was not married.
            In the assessment for 1797, he is rated in the “under list” at 2s. 0. but in that of 1808, his financial status seems much increased and he is accredited with the following property – “3500 acres of land; 1 horse; 2 cows and a calf; Total apprizement ₤ 165. 0. 0.; Dist. Ex. 6s. 10d ; Rep. Ex. 2s.4d.”
            Gideon’s property consisted of land in the “Stinson” Block, near  Consecon, bought from John Stinson Jr. though the titles had not been conveyed by him until after Gideon’s death. The lands were paid for by Gideon and after his death, Stephen and Jonathan being his Executors, the titles were made to them direct as may be seen by inspecting the records. (See Hannah Bull)
            This property was divided among Gideon’s relatives and as a lasting memorial to his generosity, in nearly every family occurs the name of a son or grand-son to his memory. Among the heir-looms left by him is an old double-cased Eng. watch, bought at Quebec during one of the rafting voyages, in the year 1800; that watch is still in good preservation, although “out of time” for a good many years. A small oval tin box also exists, which Gideon used as a primitive “safe-deposit” for his gold, which he brought home from his voyages. For many years after his death this box was used by Eleanor Bowerman as a tea-canister. The first item on David Conger’s account book is as foll – “June 1799, Gideon Bowerman,    Dr.
            To  1 Side Leather. wt. 11 lbs. @ 2s. - - - ₤1. 3s. 6d.
                 1 Hog  -                 90         @ 3d. - - -      19s.9d.
            By Work, Cr. -  - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -- -  2.  3s. 3d. “
Note – Those who died from “ship-fever” at this time were – as stated, Thos. Bowerman, 28 th Aug. 1810;- Lydia Blount. 13 th Feb. 1811;- Phebe, dau. of Thomas, 20 th May 1811;- Gideon, 29 th May 1811, at house of Cornelius Blount. Stephen White, son of Wm. and Hannah, aet. 25, about same time. Also one Wm. White, son of Nathaniel of what family is not known. (All at same epidemic).
Image 83 – Carm Foster
page 50 +
+         add to page 48 after mark      +         +41+
            Amy Hughes was the daughter of Job Hughes and Eleanor (Lee) Hughes, of Catawissa Pa. where she was born 18th of Dec 1787.  The Hughes family came to the Co. York C.W. in 1806; and on the 18th Jan 1812, Amy married Stephen Bowerman, of “West Lake”, and went to reside at the farm mentioned.
            The Society of Friends at this time was undergoing a species of internal ferment, both at Yonge Street and at West Lake, through the preaching of David Willson of the former place.  Amy’s mother Eleanor, the widow of Job Hughes, and a number of her brothers and sisters were disowned by the Friends for attending the meetings held by David Willson. 
            Amy Bowerman had no sympathy with the disaffection in the society caused by Willson, whose followers called themselves “Children of Peace” but were more familiarly known as “Davidites”; but even in later life she expressed the utmost aversion both for the man and his doctrines.
            It was entirely due to Amy’s uncompromising attitude in the matter of her husband’s new house, that a division of the Society at West Lake was frustrated in 1813; and had wiser counsel prevailed in 1828, the society might have remained to the present a monument to its original founders.
            In 1829, Amy at her own request, was disowned by the “Orthodox” Friends of West Lake, and became, with her husband, a member of the so-called “Separatists”, or followers of Elias Hicks, who were said to “hold forth the doctrines of unbelief and infidelity”.
            Concerning this controversy, the Mo. Mtg. records, of both societies, furnish conclusive evidence that for the time, at least, the general principles of early Quakerism were pretty thoroughly suspended; while the bitterness of sectarian animosity has scarcely subsided to the present day.
            In the “Separatist” or Hicksite Society, Amy was for many years an “Elder”; and although from feeble health for a number of years at the close of her life, she was unable to attend meeting, she was continued in the capacity of an elder as a mark of the esteem and affection entertained for her by the members of her society.
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                                                                                    p 50
Re West Lake “Friends Meeting”
            This frontier Friends Mtg. having been authorized by the N.Y. Yearly Mtg. through Oswego Mo. Mtg. of Dutchess Co., came under the supervision of the N.Y. Yearly Mtg. hence “representatives” from Adolphustown Mtg. were obliged to make a long tedious journey to and from the Dutchess Co. Mtg. with reports from the Canada Mtg.
            Two representatives were generally appointed after a system probably peculiar to the society – as foll-
            When the Mtg. was open to receive names for “representatives” it was, and still is, customary for any member to rise in his place and say that “If the Mtg. coincides with the appointment, I have thought that Stephen Bowerman would be a suitable representative”.
            After taking his seat, a brief pause ensued during which time the assembled Friends had an opportunity of considering the proposal
            Frequently the proposal was made in a sort of stereotyped formula – thus – “I propose the name of S. B.” without further remarks.
            No motion was ever put to the Mtg.; and the “proposal” was considered doubly ratified if one or more Friends expressed a brief approval by a familiar phrase of “unity with the proposal”.
            Stephen Bowerman and Jacob Cronkhite of Sophiasburg represented the Mo. Mtg. in West Lake held in 5 th Mo. 1812. On the journey they traveled in couples though not in company. Part of the journey was made on horseback and part on foot, a single horse being used by the two. The plan followed was this – One rode ahead a matter of 8 or 10 miles, tied the horse by the road side and walked forward.
            The other followed on foot until he came up to the horse which by this time was rested and fed. Now mounting and riding forward he overtook and passed his companion again tying out the horse after the usual number of miles. This method changing? ride and walk was repeated to and from Dutchess Co.
            Stephen and his brother Judah Bowerman once made this representative journey together, probably later than 1812, tho the date is not known.
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(V).      Israel Bowerman – son of Ichabod and Jane – born; 21st? Aug 1777; died on the 14th Sept. 1856.  Israel came to Canada in company with the Spencer family and others, landing on “ Grand Bay” at that place since called “Tower-Point”, on the Spencer Estate.  As may be seen in the reference to Thomas Spencer, the party landed in Pr. Ed. on the 23rd May 1793.
            The mother Jane Richmond, is believed to have accompanied this party, although it is not positively known.
            In 1805, Israel bought from Henry Young, 100 acres of that farm, later known as the “Quaker-School” farm, being a part of lot 13, 2nd Con. of the Mil. Tr. of the Twp. of Hallowell.  The Crown Patent for the East half of this Lot was issued 17th May 1802, to Henry Young, and consisted of 100 acres; that for the West half, also of 100 acres, being issued to Jonathan Bowerman on the 1st Jan. 1820.
            On the 4th Oct. 1805, Henry Young sold to Israel Bowerman the West 100 acres, although as above seen the Patent for the West half was not issued until 1820.  After various transfers, through which he became possessed of the North half of Lot 13.  Israel and his wife, 23rd Aug. 1834, conveyed to one James R. Armstrong this specified lot, which lot, on the 23rd Sept. 1839, was conveyed by Armstrong to Judah Boerman and William Rorke; and by the latter, 29th June 1840, to William Garrett and Vincent Bowerman.  Finally, on the 21st Sept. 1848, this lot passed into the hands of the trustees of the society of Friends, being deeded by W. Garrett and V. Bowerman to the Trustees of “Friend’s Seminary”.
            Israel Bowerman’s name does not occur in the assessment for 1798; but in that of 1808, he is assessed for – “100 acres – 35 of which was cleared – he had a one and a half-storey frame house – 2 horses – 3 cows – 1 cattle – 1 swine – Total apprizement 103.0.0.  Dist. Ex. 4s. 3d - Repres. Ex. Is 5d “.
            The family proclivity for speculative enterprises, involved this, as it already had lost the joint possession of Lot 3, with Stephen Bowerman, in the “salt-well” enterprise.  In 1834, Israel disposed of lot 13, and removed to Nottawasaga, in the same year.  He settled in the wilderness, where he built the first grist-mill in the Co.; and he is said, tho’ on questionable authority, to have benn [been] granted a large section of Govt. land on which to colonize unhoused U.E. Loyalists.  It would be interesting to read a chapter of the results of the alleged colonization scheme.  There is no doubt about the first mill, as the late Cyrus R. Sing of Meaford, writing in 1901, says - - “I came to Nottawasaga in 1846; and operated the first carding-mill in the Co.  It belonged to Joseph Bowerman of Whitby, and ws [was] placed in Israel’s grist-mill, the first grist-mill in the Co.
            In 1821, Israel held a Power of Attorney from one William Brown, for the receipt of certain money due the latter on an inheritance in the U.S. giving a bond to Nbenezar [Ebenezar] Washburn for the payment of said money to the latter when collected.  The presence of the bond among the papers of the

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(Bowerman)                                                                                                                       (1)
            (Israel)             (See p 52)
            (V) Bowerman, Israel, (IV) Ich.
                                               mar. Anna Terwilliger;
                        (VI)      Sarah, died aet. 12/:
                        (VI)      Anna    mar. Peter Mastin, set. Simcoe/
                                                            (VII)    Jos.                  }
                                                            (VII)    Israel                }
                                                            (VII)    Nancy              }          see 67
                                                            (VII)    Jonathan           }
                                                            (VII)    Harriet              }
                        (VI)      Phebe       Jos. Rogers, set. Whitby;
                                                            (VII)    Wilson       }
                                                            (VII)    Lockwood  }  see 67
                                                            (VII)    Phebe          }
                        (VI)      Mary        Ralph Hill, set. Simcoe;
                                                            (VII)    Israel
                                                            (VII)    Jobelia  (2?)
                                                            (VII)    Mary
                                                            (VII)    Amy
                        (VI)      Laura       Richard Richmond, (v. Richm’d)
                                                            (VII)    Charles
                                                            (VII)    Alfred
                                                            (VII)    Emily
                                                            (VII)    John
                        (VI)      Judah       Mellicent Sneath, set. Simcoe;
                                                            (VII)    Phebe   }
                                                            (VII)    Eliza     }
                                                            (VII)    Mary    }
                                                            (VII)    William}           not? p 67
                                                            (VII)    Nelson }
                                                            (VII)    Judah   }
                                                            (VII)    Anna    }
                                                            (VII)    Minnie  }
                                                            (VII)                (?-)
                        (VI)      Joseph       Abigail Davis,;
                                    {          (VII)    Israel J. mar. Mary Foster, and had;
                                                                                    (VIII)   Martha: Franklin: Edward:
                                                                                               Jos.: Carrie: Wm.: Bert.
                                    {          (VII)    Benj.          Sarah Brunnelle, Simcoe;
                                                                                    (VIII)   Lockwood: Eliz’TH: Charlot
                                                                                             Jos.: Abigail: Simeon:
                                                                                             Frank: John: Jane: Benj.:
see 67                          {          (VII)    Elizabeth “   Benj. Barnhart, Simcoe;
                                                                                    (VIII)   Jos.: Abigail: Richard
                                                                                             Simeon: Mary: Hiram:
                                    {          (VII)    Catherine “   Edward Sing, Set. Dakota
                                                                                    (VIII)   Harriet:
                                    {          (VII)    Phebe          WM. Elliot, set. Wisconsin;
                                                                                    (VIII)   Milton: Phebe: Wilbur:
                                    {          (VII)    Richard R. “  Phebe Smith, Manitoulin
                                                                                    (VIII)   Reuben:
                                                                                    (VIII)   Susannah: John: Phebe:
                                                                                    (VIII)   Wm.: Francis: Hermon:
                                                (VII)    Mary    (see over)
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            Washburn Estate, would seem to imply that a “fortune” still lingers somewhere in            the United States, for the remnant of the Brown family.
                        In 1825, William White and Israel Bowerman made a contract with Simeon Washburn for the delivery of “three hundred Stand, white Oak Staves” ett. on account of which they received,  “Sixteen Dollars in Cash” dated 18th Sept             1825”. (See White)
-           (V)-      Israel Bowerman (IV Ichabod & Jane)  married in Dutchess Co. Anna Terwilliger, born in the same Co. 29th June 1784.  The foll. family were probably all born on the farm since known as the “Quaker-School” farm.
                        (VI).     Sarah Bowerman  -b.                      d. aged 10, C.R.S. aet. 12 years.
            p 67 -             Anna                           -           mar.     Peter Mastin.
                                Phebe                         -                      Joseph Rogers.
                                Joseph                        -                     Abigail Davis.
                                Mary                          -                      Ralph Hill.
                                Laura                          -                      Richard Richmond.
                                Judah                          -                      Mellicent Sneath.
-           (V).      Judah Bowerman – son of Ichabod and Jane – born, 16th July 1779; died at the house of his son-in-law Wm. S. Hubbs, 2nd Aug. 1868.  Judah came to Canada in the Spencer party in 1793,, when a boy of 14.  His experience on that expedition no doubt stood him in good value afterwards in the needs of bush life; both Judah and Jonathan are said to have endured considerable hardship in the capacity of pioneer “cowboys”, and it is told on authority that the whole party went astray in the wood, making a complet [off page] circuit.  Weary and sore-footed the boys are said to have sufferred greatly though in after life Judah was noted for endurance, hardihood, and more than the average shrewdness.
            (V)       Judah’s name does not occur on the list of 1798, for obvious reasons, but in July 1807, he bought from Wm. Cunningham a farm adjoining that of his brother Stephen, being a part of Lot 17. 1st Con. N.W.L.; and in the assesment of 1808, he is rated as foll – “100 acres – 35 cleared – round log house – 2 horses – Total apprizement 72.0.0. – Dist. Ex. 3s.0 d. –Rep. Ex. 1s.0 d.”
                        The Crown Patent for Lot 17. 1st Con. N.W.L., was issued 2ndNov. 1803, to William Cunningham, and consisted of 200 acres.  William sold in July 1807, the South half to Judah Bowerman – deed reg. 3rd Sept. 1807.; and on the 14th July 1807, he sold the remaining North 100 acres to George Baker, the deed being reg. 4th Sept. 1807. (See Baker)
                        On the 28th Oct. 1834, Thomas and Josiah Bowerman gave to Judah a Quit-Claim for “that point of land” consisting of 7 acres, on the marsh front of lot 17, for the sum of 5.0.0.; said point and marsh conveyed in 1860, to (vi) Gideon             H. Bowerman.
            (V)       Judah Bowerman built his first log house on the top of the hill, by the north side of the road, which was already located as it still remains.  This was in the year 1801.  Judah was a bachelor; and his subsequent efforts at house-keeping            were not crowned with the most gratifying success.  It is told on good authority that the familiarity of the friendly stock made the premises uninviting.  At the erection of the log house, Minard Mastin,
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then a resident of Blomfield [Bloomfield], was accidentally killed. Minard’s wife was Nancy Morgan; she later married Cyrus Richmond. In 1809, Judah married the dau. of Job Hughes of Yonge Street. Some time before this date Job had been in the Co. visiting the meeting of Friends at West Lake, for the purpose of organizing the several meetings of the Prov. into a Half-Years Meeting. On one occasion he mentioned in Judah’s presence, the name of his dau. Abigail.  Judah said, “give her to me”, whether in Job’s hearing or not is not said, but in due time Judah married Abigail, and brought her to the little log
cabin on the hill. Here on the 13th , April 1810, was born their only child,
                        (VI) Rachel Bowerman – who mar. Peter Cronkhite, and died 25th Aug. 1900
The first log house was superceded by a frame one, which with many subsequent additions, gave to the old red house a very quaint and picturesque appearance. This house in later years was well known as the home of “Uncle Judah”, and became a rendezvous for relatives from far and near. Nestled as it was in the edge of the orchard, on the steep hill-side, it was hidden in the first shadows of sun-set; but its bright after-glow of cheerful candlelight, made the cottage a conspicuous feature on the Western skyline.
            Abigail Hughes was born in Pa. at the time when her father was imprisoned in Lancaster Goal, 9th Oct. 1780; she died on the 11th April 1812.
            (V)       Judah Bowerman mar. (2) – Mary Ann Morden – dau. of Ricdard and Anna Morden
of Sophiasburg, and had one child –
                        (VI)      Mary Ann Bowerman – mar. Palmer Ferguson.
            (V)       Judah married (3). Philadelphia Cronkhite ( nee Carman) – no issue-
            “14th of 8th Mo. 1817 – Prep. Mtg. of  Women Friends held at West Lake.”
            “Philadelpia Cronk(hite) informs this meeting that she proposes taking her friend Judah Bowerman in marriage, which is directed to the Monthly Meeting”.
            “11th . of 12 th . Mo. 1817 at same meeting on com. Philadelphia Bowerman”.
            (V).      Judah Bowerman – mar. (4) . Lavinia Saylor. dau. of Samuel Saylor and his wife Margaret Jones, of Mt. Holy N.J. 30 th July 1826. Lavinia was a sister of Charles Saylor, and of Jemima Hubbs; she was born 11th of Nov. 1789; and died on the “hill”, where she is also buried, 11th of July 1862.
            The Saylor family were of German descent; tho’ not Friends, Aunt Lavinia
however became one of the best known and best respected of a society known
widely for its consistent and charitable generosity; few of that generatin
were so well known as “Aunt” Lavinia, and she probably bears the unique distinction of being the only Quaker woman who had the honor of a “Dead-march” played before her house by an “Orange” Brass-Band. Out of respect to her well-chereshed memory the Band , having visited Wellington on the 12th , July played the “Dead-March” in passing Uncle Judah’s house of mourning.
            “Uncle Judah” – as he was familiarly known, was a man of great determina-
-tion, with a boisterous humor, and an irritable, though easily mollified
temper, Restless and energetic, vigorous and in the prime of his life, he
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[A large piece of the top and upper right side of this page has been torn away]
(??w  [torn away]
            Isra [torn away]
[Obvious entries have been lost here due to the lost section]
                        see p 67{         
                                                (VII)    Fra
                                                (VII)    Mellicen?
                        [quotation marks are entered below “Mellicen?” indicating other entries]
            (Morden) – Judah Bowerman –
            James M. Morden, the Yorkshire ancestor, settled near [torn away]
                                    had three sons –
                        Joseph Morden came to Can. In 1777, by way of Halifax,  [torn away]
            Where he must have remained some time,
                        Joseph mar. Lucretia Howell, sis. John Howell of “Butlers Rangers” and had - -
                                                (III)      James
                                                (III)      John
                                                (III)      Joseph
                                         x     (III)      Richard
                                                (III)      Elizabeth
            p 68                             (III)      Lucretia
                                                (III)      Loraine
                        (III)      Richard Morden mar. Ann Richards, of Sophiasburgh, issue-
                                                (IV)      Mary Ann M -  mar. Judah Bowerman and had-
                                                            (V) Mary Ann . mar. Palmer Ferguson, Hillier
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                        Page 54
            was cut off from the well-earned pleasures of his lat [torn away]
            affliction of blindness.  For twenty five years, his ere [torn away]
            the hill-top his own hands had cleared from the forest; [torn away]
            the whole of that long period no ray of cheering sunlight [torn away]
            darkness, no glimpse of the beautiful landscape at his door [torn away]
            the days of his dismal vigil.  Bereft one by one the family and [torn away]
            he was at last obliged to abandon a cheerless hearth, and empty [torn away]
            a deserted home his youth had erected, and which he had rendered con- [torn]
            -spicuously pathetic through the lingering years of his gloomy tenure [torn]
                        There are wholesome lessons to be gleaned from the lives of our ancestors, lessons which later generations may study with both pleasure and advantage.
p 68                 (VI).     Charles Gideon Bowerman       - mar.   Mary Jane Brewer.
                               Judah Henry                            -         Abigail Elsworth.
                               Margaret Jane                         -         (1) Wm. S. Hubbs (2) Gilbert Jones.
                               Elizabeth                                 -         James Swetman.
                               Lydia                                      -         Archelaus Hubbs.
-           (V)       Nancy Bowerman – dau. of Ichabod and Jane – born 20?th Nov. 1780; died on the 14th Feb. 1862.  She married George Elsworth, a brother of  the Arthur Elsworth who married Abigail Richmond, her niece.  In the assessment of the Twp. for 1806, George Elsowrth is rated as foll. viz –
                        “200 acres; 0 acres cleared; house of round logs; oxen 2; cows 2; Total Apprizement 85.0.0; District Expenses 3s 6 ; Rep. Ex. Is 2d “.
                        “At a Prep. Mtg. of Women Friends, held at West Lake the 8th of 1st Mo 1818, a request (for membership?) was forwarded to this meeting by way of the overseers – signed Nancy Bowerman”.
                        After George’s death, Nancy lived for some years on the Concession line north of the “Quaker-School” farm.  She was a small woman, neat in dress, full of a spicy good humor, fond of her flower-garden a genial visitor, a pleasant companion, and a devoted lover of good “Scotch Snuff”
                        Her virtues were of the kind that grow with the recounting, while her faults, if any, have long since been forgotten.  Her last days were passed with her children, near Seneca Lake, where she died in 1862.
            p 69 -   (VI).     Israel (V) Nancy  IV Ich & Jane  Elsworth – mar.       
                               Susannah                                                     -             Emanuel Mann
                               Phebe                                                          -             James Canovan
                               Nancy                                                         -             Isaac Petit (of N.Y. State)
                               Roxylana                                                     -             James Butts
                               Gideon                                                        -                        (In Michigan)
                               Caroline                                                      -             Frederick French (in NY State)
                        With the death of this notable generation of pioneers, passes, for the most part the Genus of unadulterated Quakerism.  Born as this Sect was in adversity, it flourished best under the material opposition of the Revolutionary period; but when no longer dignified by oppressive attentions, and when abandoned entirely to the enjoyment of its peculiar internal resources, religious expansion immediately ceased.  Extinction is imminent, if not already accomplished; while those survivals still masquerading under the original name, are numbered among the curious but harmless possibilities of an accentuated ?????? transition epoch.
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p 31                 (VI)      Vincent Bowerman – only son of (V) Thomas Bowerman, and his wife Sarah Vincent, was born at the Tubbs’ farm on “West Lake”, on the 21st of May 1791.  He was the eldest grandchild of Ichabod and Jane; and the first Bowerman born in Canada.  He died on the 6th Feb. 1886, at his home in lower Bloomfield, at which place he had resided for a number of years.
                        Referring to his death, a local paper observes – “Deceased was a lifelong resident of his native County of Prince Edward; and he was a consistant member of the Society of Friends.  He leaves a large number of descendants.  There are probably few, if any, native-born persons living in Canada who have attained so great an age as deceased; and whose lives link together the extremes of a century, so full of vital interest to the courtry [country] of [w]hich he became one of the youngest pioneers”.
[torn section]
                        vi)        Vincent Bowerman married (1). Nancy Southard, dau. of William and Amy Southard of Long Island N.Y. and had the fol. Issue - -
[torn]    1814                (VII).   Sarah Bowerman-mar.  Andrew Wycott &d-26 Dec 1889
[torn]1815                          Amy                  -                  George G. Lear &d-13 Mar 1878
                                              Thomas             -                   Mary Hoag.
p 38 & p 70                           Maturah             -                  Edward Hazzard.
                                              Lydia                 -                  Stephen B. Hubbs.
                                              Levi V.              -                  Mary M. Haight.          
p 31-                (vi)       Vincent Bowerman mar. (2) – “before the 21st Feb. 1850” – Deborah Mullet, widow of Consider Haight.  There was no issue.
p 38 -               (VI)      (Sarah Bowerman – eldest dau. of (V) Thomas Bowerman and his (2nd) wife Maturah Bull, was doubtles born at the Tubbs’ farm; and married 18th Sept. 1818, at the “Big White House”, Towsend Garret, son of Benjamin brother of Isaac (see Garrett p - ) and his first wife.  (see p 111 Garrett”).  Issue - -
                                    (VII).   Phebe E. (accident) (Stapleton) – born 31st Mar. 1816, mar. Cornelius Burlingham son of Reuben and Phebe.
                                               Adeline Garrett – mar. Richard VanHorn, of Sophiasburth, and  lived on Pleasant Bay in Twp. of Hillier.                        Elmira              -
                                               Amanda            -
                                               Freeman           -
            Melissa 30y                Amarilla           -
                                               Maturah            -
                                               Jane                  -
                                               Patience            -
                                               Edna                 -
            (VI)      Sarah Bowerman was born, 31st Oct. 1794; this was undoubtedly at the farm on West Lake, as Thomas is known to have been at the latter place as late as 1794.  Thomas is said to have brought Sarah’s mother Maturah bull, to Canada in 1792; but the date will bear confirmation.
            (VI)      Sarah Bowerman, lived to an advanced age at their home on the shore of Lake Ontario, above the village of Wellington.  She will be remembered by the older members of the present generation, as “Aunt Sally Garrett”; and she was a much respected old lady with a host of descendants.
            (VI)      Phebe (V Thos IV Ich & Jane) Bowerman – born at the “old log house”, big white house, 18th Aug. 1797, died 20th May 1811, one of the victims of the “Ship-fever” epidemic of that year. (see Note P.-).
Image 91 – Carm Foster
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p 38     (VI).     Stephen (V Thos  IV Ich & Jane) Bowerman – born 13th Mar. 1799, known familiarly as “Big Stephen” an athlete, and a “wrestler” of local notoriety.  He was one of the contracting parties at the celebrated Quaker wedding, at the “Big White House” on the 18th Sept. 1818, when he married Phebe Garrett, dau. of Isaac and Sarah (Carman) Garrett. (see “Garrett” -p.-).
                        In 1863, [written by hand above & between the 8 and 6 of this date is what appears to be the number 2]  Stephen removed with his family to “Battle Creek”, Mich. where [torn] Phebe died on the 18th Jan. 1887, in the 87th year of her age.  Concerning [torn] the? longevity of the Garretts, to which family she was a member, the Battle [torn] Creek? “Journal” of the 19th Jan. 1887, says – “Of ten brothers and sisters, [torn] those? who have died, with a single exception, have reached ages ranging [torn] from? 80 to 94 years”.  The children of Stephen and Phebe were - -
                        (VII) 1 Emerson Bowerman – b 13 Jan. 1820: = 13 Jan. 1848. :died 12 Aug 1851
                                 2 Charles                    -    20 Mar. 1821: = 1 Jan. 1845.  :
                                 3 Sarah Ann               -     17 Jan. 1823: = 10 Dec. 1847. :
                                4  Zuleima                   -     19 Feb. 1825: -                                     Oct 1896
[torn]    Jan 1827    5  [it appears there was an intended insertion on this line but nothing entered]
[torn] ? Jan 1838    6   Byron                       -     15 Oct. 1834: -                                28 Feb 1839
                                7  Milton                      -    14 Apr 1837:  -
                               8   Thomas H.               -    16 Feb. 1841: = 30 Dec. 1862:
[torn]    5 – over – [a line is drawn from this hand entry to below Thomas H.]
            (VI).     Joseph (V Thos  IV Ich & Jane) Bowerman – born 11th April 1801, married (1st) Phebe Cronkhite, dau. of Jacob Cronkhite and his wife Philadelphia Carmen, who after Jacob’s death, married Judah Bowerman.  This family moved to Whitby (Ont), and Joseph is undoubtedly the owner of the carding-mill referred to by Cyrus R. Sing.
                        Ever since the days of Herrick’s “Devonshire miller”, the family have proven their descent of lineage from the Devonshire stock by an insatiable predilection for milling.  There is unfortunately no case on record in which a follower of the occupation has escaped the implied curse of the old epigram , already quoted.  See also Hist Barnstable Co. Mass.  Where the Bowermans were pioneer mill builders –
                        (VII).   Jacob Bowerman          -mar. Sarah Betts of Pickering Ont. Live in Ill.
                                   Patience         - -     (drowned – not mar.)
                                   Willet                          - 
                                   Lydia                          -         McDonald, of Whitby, Ont.
                                   Susannah                    -   -                              res. in Nottawasaga.
                                   Philadelphia                -      William Conin. Res. in Ill. U.S.
                                   Maturah                      -  (twin of Phila. – res. in Whitby;).
                                   Sarah                          -
                                   Rachel A.                    -
            (VI)      Joseph married (2nd) Phebe Upton, of Poughkeepsie, where he died.    
p 38     (VI).     Thomas (V Thos IV Ich & Jane) Bowerman – born 18th Dec. 1802; called “Big
x          Tommy”, on account of his stature and great determination of character.  He lived, during
See letter of     the greater part of his active life, on a farm by the Twp. line between Hallowell
Allen B.            and Hillier.  Here he built a commodious house, which still stands; and as a legacy to a place which he helped clear from the bush, he has left his name to the country church near his home.  This church constitutes one of the family “Landmarks”, already noticed.
                        When Thomas settled on this farm in the vicinity of the “Big-Swamp”, there was an abundance of game, such as deer, bear, and wolves.  So destructive were the latter, to sheep and cattle, that the Govt. offerred a bount for the head of either wolf or bear, as witness the foll. document now in the
copy, copy

Image 92 – Carm Foster
            copy, the original of which is now in the writer’s possession. viz-
                        Prince Edward District
                                    “To Wit.” - - - - “Thomas Bowerman of the Township of “
                        “Sophiasburgh yeoman, maketh oath and saith that he did kill”
                        “a Wolf within the Township of Sophiasburgh aforesaid - - - “
                        “on the 1st day of March last, the scalp thereof, with the ears”
                        “upon the same is this day produced before – Simeon Washburn. - - “
                        “Esq. - - “
                        “Sworn 16th April 1849”.   “Thomas Bowerman”
                        “S. Washburn J.P.”.
            Note – in 1803, the Govt, passed an Act – “granting a premium of $4.00 to every
            “one who should bring a wolf’s head to the proper officer; and $2.00 for a
            “bear’s (head).  In 1796, the reward for the bear’s head was withdrawn.” (Cannif)
            (V)       Thomas Bowerman, an active energetic and prosperous man, was not exempt from the speculative family characteristic; broad-minded and trusting, he became a ready victim of unscurpulous dealing, so that he was compelled to abandon, in his old age, the well-deserved home his hands had created, to die in comparative exile, in the uncleared frontier of a neighboring county.
See wills? of    (VI)      Thomas Bowerman married (1st) Jemima Platt, dau. of Caleb Platt, of West
Allen                Lake.  Jemima died without issue; and Thomas married (2nd) Mary, also a dau. of
Bowerman       Caleb Platt, and the widow of - - - - - Young.  The issue were - -
[A line is drawn from this hand written entry to Allen Bowerman below]
                                                Mary Platt = (1)  Young
                        p 70     (VII)    James Bowerman – mar. (1st) Celesta McCartney. (Rev. Geo. Youngx
                                                                                       (2nd) Mary C. Frazer.  Step son of “Big                                                                                  (3rd)  Lydia Caton                Thomas”   
                                                                                                             Died in Toronto = 3 Aug 1910
                                               Amos                       -“     Rhoda Ann Babbitt. q.v.   x aged 89 years.
            [the handwritten entry on the right and above appears to be related to Mary Platt’s marriage to the unknown Young and the child from that union.  Not to the children of Thomas Bowerman and Mary Platt.]         
                                                Lois                         -“
                                                Hester                      -“
                                                Maturah                   -“  Samuel Titus, and res. at Napinka, Manitoba.
            p 70                        s    Allen                       -“   Carrie Stephens.
            (VI).     Josiah (V Thos IV Ich & Jane) Bowerman - born 31st Aug. 1804; married 25th April 1830, Sarah Brewer, dau. of Henry Brewer and his wife Ruth Bull q.v. of Utica N.Y. After the death of his father Thomas, when Josiah was but a lad of? the management of the farm fell upon the older members of the family, as the mother Maturah had married John Stinson Jr. not later than the first of the year 1815.  Stephen, being the oldest son, and though but 19 at the time of his marriage, must have taken the responsible postion of superintendant of the household.  In these duties, Stephen must have been assisted by  his older sister Sarah, who left the premises at the time of the wedding in 1818.  Maturah must have remained at the “Big White House”, after her (2nd [off page] marriage, or else have abandoned her young children, Lydia and Patience, in their very early years. The latter is a possibility scarcely to be credited to Maturah: while there is the other possibility that she took her younges [off page] children with her to the house of John Stinson, a much greater probablity, seeing that Lydia afterwards married Thomas, the son of John Stinson.
                        In the disposal of the farm and the “Big White House”, Josiah had the East and South portion while Amos had the North and Western half.  The house altho? was occupied by both families, though no attempt was made to

Image 93 – Carm Foster
p 57
[There are splatters from something on this page obscuring some of the type]
Re Sarah (Brewer) Bowerman.
            From the Dunlop, Iowa, “Reporter”. - -
            “Sarah Brewer was born in Utica N.Y. – J [splatter]. 11th 1811.  When 18 years of age she went to Pr. Ed. Co. Canada, where she married Josiah Bowerman 25th April 1830.  Mr and Mrs Bowerman lived on the same farm for 27 years, during which time six boys and four girls were born to them.  The family removed to Ripon Wis. In 1857 where they resided for two years, when they removed to Dekalb, Ill?
                        In the winter of 1869 the family came to Monona Co. Iowa, removing to Dunlap in 1876.  Here the husband (Josiah) died.  After his death Mrs Bowerman made her home with her daughters Mrs G.P. Moorhead and Mrs. Geo. B. Christy.  She died at the home of the latter on the 14th Mar. 1896. – 85 years of age and an invalid for Nearly 17 years.”
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p 58
                        (From Nelson Bowerman) son of Josiah and Sarah)
(vii)-                “Henry Bowerman began to learn printing in the Times office at Picton in 1855.  He boarded with the Editor, but having to sleep on the “bed” of the press or under the bunk with newspapers for cover he left the place and learned telegraphy instead.  He went to New Orleans with Gen. Ben. Butler, up to the siege of Vicksburgh in the war of 61, to 65; and after that was in telegraph service till 1865.
                        At time of writing, 2nd April 1896, Henry was keeping a hotel at Kennard, Neb.
Christy                        “Dr George B. Christy of Dunlap Iowa, was a major on the medical staff of Gen. U.S. Grant from Shiloh to Vicksburgh.”
vii        (Nelson Bowerman was himself a newspaper man, having served 22 years on the Milwaukee Sentinell, and the Wisconsin State Journal; and 18 on the Tribune.”  Nelson has (been for a number of years assistant postmaster at the Soldiers Home at Sautelle Calif.
Christy                        Henry A. Christy, brother of Dr Geo. B. Christy, made his fortune in telegraph
family    poles, cedar ties etc. and is the president of Hutchinson (Kan) and Denison (Tex) R.R.”
Image 95 – Judy Andrus Toporcer
p 38 – (VI). Lydia (V Thos, IV Ich 7 Jane) Bowerman - born 11th Oct. 1808, married 2nd       Jan. 1831, Thomas Stinson, son of John Stinson Jr., son of Capt. John Stinson, the immigrant.  Thomas Stinson was born 1st May 1808; died 10th Nov. 1893 while Lydia died 24th July 1883.
            With the death of Thomas and Lydia Stinson passed two of the widest known and most consistent supporters of the Society of Hicksite Friends.
            They were among the last survivors of a generation known far and near for their unblemished social life; and although the plainness of their sectarian deportment made them objects of conspicuous observation, the nobler traits of that primitive simplicity gained for them a lasting and universal respect.  Thrift and energy were personified in them:  they gave without stint to the poor and distressed; high and low were entertained with the same courteous hospitality; they nursed the sick and gave succor to the afflicted and comfort to the bereaved; their house was ever an appreciated source of blessings to a community who cheerfully pay generous tribute to their excellent memory.
p 72 –                  (VII).  Phebe Stinson – mar. 23 Mar 1853 Cornelius Noxon.
                                "      Maturah   "      -    "     Samuel Noxon
b 22 Dec 1838        "      Freeman   "      -    "      Eliza Spencer.  Issue Della  d 18 Dec. 1900  
d 21 May 1884                                                                             Eliza =(2) Robt Dobson
b 19 April 1843[?]  "      Mary Amanda  "  -  "    Nathaniel Branscombe.
(VI).  Patience (V Thos. IV Ich & Jane) Bowerman – born   -    -    -  ; mar. Alexander Sherriff of Picton.
            (VII). John Sherriff – b.                      ; for many years a photographic artist in his native town, Picton, Ont.  He was one of the first Daguereotype artists in Ont., later engaging in the Ambrotype and earlier processes of a superceded system.  Though successful in the various lines of his profession, he quitted Picton about 1870, removing ultimately to San Diego Cal. where he continued to carry on his professional work until advanced age compelled him to relinquish a pleasant occupation in which he excelled.   born  _   _  _         died  _  _  _
            The Sherriff family are said to descend through the English stock of which Lord Nelson was a distinguished kinsman; and there were frequent rumors that John was for many years living in pleasing expectations of fabulous wealth from some Oriental “Aladin’sAladdin’s-Cave”, which unfortunately were never realized.
            (VII)  Phebe Sherriff – b.                   ; mar. Thomas Higgins. {Cornelia
                                                                                                               {Albert E                                                                                                                                                         {Herbert R
                      Anna M.   "       - b.                   ;   "       William G. Ford -------{Georgiana
                                                                                                                         {William A.    
                                                                                                                          {Edward A.
                                                                                                                           {Frank B.
                       Thomas    "      - b.                    ;   "        -    -    -    -     -
Image 96 – Judy Andrus Toporcer     
                                                                                                                        P 60
Stephen Blount, was born at the Cornelius Blount homestead 30th Oct. 1801.  He resided in hallowell until 1848 when he moved, first to Whitby then to Wisconsin.  He was well known for charity and hospitality, and for his zeal in the cause of education and temperance.
Image 97 – Judy Andrus Toporcer
Dan’l & Jane  2nd Consel [??] Richmond
p 41   (VI). Jane (V Lydia IV Ich & Jane) Blount – born,                   ; mar. Daniel b. 29 April 1787 Leavens, son of Benjamin Leavens and his wife Sarah Cunningham, dau. Daniel and Abigail.  (p - )
             They occupied the homestead first bought from John Stinson in 1800; at this place Benjamin planted apple seeds in the first year of his coming.
p 72   (VII). Lydia Leavens - born 24th Mar. 1810; mar. Hugh McDonald.
             "     Samuel    "        -                                     "     (1) Sarah Branscombe (2) Annie Gilberts
             "     Benjamin   "      -                                       "     Eustace Clapp.
             "     Sarah         "      -    "  18th Jan. 1823; died in Mich. 28th Dec. 1896 not m-
             "     Caroline    "      -                                      " Rev. Robt. Sanderson res. Coral, Mich.
             "     Daniel       "      -                                      "  Helen Werden, dau. Aaron, of Hallowell.
p 41     (VII).  Stephen (Lydia IV Ich & Jane) Blount – born 30th Oct. 1801; died at Brotherton, Wis. 25th Dec. 1868; mar. (1st) Content Ann Bull, born 10th Sept. 1802 a dau. of Josiah Bull and his (2nd) wife Mary (Christy) Kidney.  Stephen occupied the old homestead of his father Cornelius, until about 1850, when he removed with his family to Michigan.
            The name of Stephen Blount is closely associated with the first seine fishing on the Wellington beach.  One Justice Fox of Pulaski, N.Y. brought the first seine used in this once famous fishery.  Stephen Blount bought and operated a half interest in this seine; Fox, residing in N.Y., came regularly to Pr. Ed. for the Sept. or Fall-run of white-fish.
            The second seine, longer than the Fox-Blount seine, was owned by Samuel Cole; it was 80 rods in length, and was in operation in 1826-28. & later.
            Seine fishing in these waters, succeeded the spear and the “jack-light” and probably also succeeded in destroying this valuable industry in the waters of Lake Ontario.
            The late James Johnson of Athol, was associated with Cole; and together, for several years, they operated a regular curing-ground near the “Sand-Banks”, for salting and barreling white-fish for the Rochester market.
 [?] Johnson Notes [three words handwritten in left margin, first word illegible]
            In the year 1834, occurred a most phenomenal run of these fish; and so close were the schools packed that the Fox-Blount seine hauled 40,000 ? fish in one night.  The Cole-Johnson seine did better; while every seine from Weller’s Bay to West Point literally teemed with uncounted thousands.  On this occasion, wagon-loads of fish spoiled on the shingle beach, being later hauled on to the land as a fertilizer.
            It is perhaps well known that white-fish varied greatly in size; the average, according to James Johnson, not exceeding 2 lbs., except in the case of those taken late in the Fall, when the weight was increased.
            A good “wagon-load” is said to have been about 800 or perhaps 1000, if very small; hence the average scholar is able for himself to calculate the magnitude of the enormous catch along the whole shore-line.
            Good fishermen are noted the world over for good “fish-stories”, and the Pr. Ed. fishing grounds deserve a passing mention for the originality of its grimy humor.  Among its most noted “poets”, was “Cis” Reynolds; while the Garretts, Palmers, Branscombes, Clarks, Gerows, and Bulls, were among the frequenters of the beach.  The Bowermans, however, were not lovers of the
Image 98 – Judy Andrus Toporcer
            The Bowermans, however, were no patrons of the seine, nor of other fishing, except with the “jack-light” and the “spear”, although they were an aquatic horde with the spray of the “Long-Sault” still on their beards, and the treacherous roar of the tumbled waters of “Lachine” ringing in their ears.
            They nursed the love of the tossing ocean from long-buried generations, out of whose forgotten graves still rose the smell of that briny surf which stretches from the sand-dunes of Cape Cod to the spume-lashed, wreck-strewn, shores of Old Devon.
            It has already been observed that the fish of the Sept. or Fall, run rarely exceeded (2) lbs. in weight; although later in the season it was not unusual to haul fish of (5) and (6) lbs. weight.
            The largest ever taken from the seine by James Johnson weighed (11) lbs; it was cached, for safe keeping under a log behind the “shanty”, but it found a devious way to the little village hostlery in the early morning where it was served for breakfast.  Had it not been purloined it would not have been weighed and hence would have long been forgotten.
            When Isaac Garrett settled on the shore East of Wellington, there already lived close to the beach an old settler named Reynolds, father of the well-remembered Cicero.  This man accidentally discovered that there were Spring-Salmon in the Lake Ontario waters.  With great secrecy he told Garrett of his discovery, and warned the latter not to divulge his information lest the hungry settlers come and poach them.
            Isaac did not respect the secret but informed his neighbors and friends, far and near, with the result that for the rest of that generation there were plenty of spring-salmon, as well as white-fish.
            The indiscriminate seine hauling, in season and out of season, no doubt resulted in the destruction of a valuable industry.
            The “village hostlery” alluded to was probably that kept by Thomas Garrett; later, “Corey’s Tavern” held a conspicuous place in the public mind-that is the fishing public-and is no doubt a well-remembered rendezvous to the few survivors of the “flush times” on Wellington beach.
            In the days of Isaac Garrett, the beach itself was thickly grown over with cedar close up to the main land; and the sand, held down from the wind by the cedars, made a succession of banks from West Point to the Wellington mainland shores, where the beach was not less than (40) rods wide.  An exciting adventure was the killing of a huge bear in this cedar thicket, by a band of villagers.  When the cedar was cut and hauled away by impecunious vandals, the sand-banks soon spread out into the waters of West Lake filling the latter and leaving the beach but a narrow line of shingle, as it remains to-day.
Image 99  Doug Smith
            The issue of (VI) Stephen Blount (V Lydia IV Ich & Jane) and Content Ann Bull as foll.-
(VII) Lydia Blount – mar. George A. Sargent
        Mary           -         William Thorne
        Jane             -           (not married)
        Patience “     -          James Perkins
        Abigail        -         (not mar.)
        Phebe          -         Thomas Blount, of Illinois, related.
         Cornelius “    -                                     in Mich.
        Josiah          -                                          
        Content       -           (died in infancy)
        Matilda       -            (not married)
(VI) Stephen Blount b 30 Oct 1801 mar. (2 nd) Pamilia Pamelia Brewer, a dau. of --- Henry & Ruth (qv) and moved to Brotherton Wis. where he died 25 Dec 1868. The issue were  - - -
p 41     (VI) Sarah (V Phebe IV Ich & Jane) Butts – born in Dutchess Co. N. Y. 24 th Sept 1763 was never mar. and did not come to Canada.
   All same for (V Mary IV Ich & Jane)
            (VI) Ichabod White – no data beyond the fact that there are no issue.