JUNE 1918

These are extracts from the Auckland Weekly News magazines and have been extracted with permission. Thanks to Jackie Walles for these.

JUNE 1918

ADOLPH, Lieutenant A, died of wounds in Palestine on 31March 1918. He is the third son of Mr W G E Adolph of Kaipara Flats. He left as a corporal in the Auckland Mounted Rifles, Main Body and served on Gallipoli and during the Palestine campaign was given a commission rank in the Camel Corps. [AWN 13.06.1918] p.25

A Niue Island soldier, Private Make ALLAN, who returned recently from the front, died while under treatment on Sunday. [AWN 27.06.1918] P.21

The body of Private William BEAUCHAMP, who died at Auckland Hospital on Monday, was interred with military honours at Waikumete Cemetery last week. Rev J R BURGIN officiated at the graveside and the firing party was supplied by the Garrison Artillery. The deceased soldier, who was a native of Scotland, returned recently from the front but owing to the fact that he was unconscious from the time he disembarked, little is known about him. It is believed he had a wife residing in Scotland. [AWN 27.06.1918] P.21

BEDFORD, Private Arthur H, son of Dr R Bedford, has been wounded, his injuries consisting of gunshot wounds in the arms and legs. He is attached to the 7th Canadian Battalion. [AWN 06.06.1918] P.19

BISHOP, Private W N C, killed in action 23 May 1918, youngest of three sons of Mr J J Bishop of Danvegan, Titirangi, all of whom volunteered for active service. Private Bishop, who was 21 years of age, was educated at Titirangi and Avondale public schools. As a lad of 17 he entered the service of the Postal Dept in Wellington four years ago and was subsequently transferred to Auckland. He enlisted on attaining his 20th birthday and left with the 28th Reinforcements less than a year ago. His eldest brother, Lieutenant J J BISHOP, 13th Reinforcements, was killed in action last October whilst leading his men with great gallantry during the severe fighting in Flanders. Sergeant T A BISHOP, the only surviving brother, who left with the 12th Reinforcements, has been serving on the western front for the past year. [AWN 13.06.1918] p.22

BUTLER, Driver Percy, 5th Battery, NZ Field Artillery, reported seriously ill with fractured skull and gunshot wounds received in France, enlisted and left NZ with the 4th Reinforcements in April 1915. He saw service in Egypt and on Gallipoli and afterwards in Belgium, Flanders and on the Somme. He drove the leading gun team through Flers when that village was retaken from the Germans. Driver Butler served through the South African war with the South African Light Horse, being then too young for acceptance in the NZ contingents. Prior to enlisting for the present war he was in the employ of Briscoe & Co. His younger brother, Gordon, left NZ with the advance guard for Samoa and on his return to NZ again enlisted and left with the 21st Reinforcements as an artillery signaller. Their widowed mother resides at 19 Albany Road, Herne Bay. [AWN 13.06.1918] P.19

CAMERON, Lieutenant Hector, 10th York & Lancs., was killed in action on 21 March. He was a native of Scotland and prior to his enlistment was a warder at the Auckland prison. When war was declared he was a reservist of the 1st Seaforth’s and volunteered for service in the NZ forces. He joined the 6th, Hauraki, Regt as corporal and left with the Main Body. He fought in Egypt and went through the whole of the Gallipoli campaign, afterwards being promoted sergeant major. He subsequently saw service in France and after receiving a commission was transferred to the Imperial Army and was wounded last October. He had four brothers still on service. [AWN 20.06.1918] p.19

CAMPBELL, Lieutenant J D, has been military Instructor at the NZ Flying School at Kohimarama. When in England after active service with the NZ forces, he obtained experience in flying both aeroplanes and seaplanes, also in ballooning and parachute work. He also spent six months in an aeroplane factory. [AWN 06.06.1918] p.22

CARADUS, Corporal W, son of Mr J R Caradus, has been wounded in the head. He enlisted in January 1917 after having been rejected a year previously. He was attached to the signalling section of the 33rd Specialist Co. While in camp he sat for his commission and passed, being first, but no commissions were granted to NCO’s in the 33rd Reinforcements. He is an old Grammar School boy and is well known in cricketing circles as a member for some years of the University College eleven. At the time of his enlistment he was a member of the staff of the Auckland Grammar School. [AWN 06.06.1918] P.19

COATES, Captain Gordon, First Auckland Battn, MP for Kaipara, has again distinguished himself in the March/April operations. After weary marches with little rest or sleep, he led his company into action in splendid style and when several of his men were killed or wounded by shell fire, he went, under heavy machine-gun fire, to their assistance and on his own broad shoulders carried one out to safety. [AWN 20.06.1918, p.18

CRAIG, Private Walter R, killed in action in France on 9 May, was the fourth son of the late Mr Robert Craig of Waipipi, Waiuku. He enlisted in the 27th Reinforcements at Gisborne, where he had been engaged in farming for some years. Formerly he was farming at Raumati, Dannevirke. [AWN 06.06.1918] p.19

CRUICKSHANK, Sergeant Alexander, who is reported to have died of wounds, was the eldest son of Mr John Cruickshank, Karama, Marlborough, formerly of Glenarvy, South Canterbury. Deceased left with the 5th Reinforcements and had been on active service ever since. He went through the Gallipoli campaign without receiving a wound but was three times wounded in France, the last wound proving fatal. Sergeant Cruickshank left NZ as a private and received his promotion on the battlefield in France. He also won the Military Medal in October last. [AWN 27.06.1918] P.19

CULLING, Flight Lieutenant T G — Posthumous award received by father Mr T S Culling, Remuera. In recognition of his services on 23 April 1917 when, with two other machines, he engaged a formation of nine hostile scouts and two seater machines. Two two-seater machines were shot down, one by Flight Lieut Culling unassisted. Gazetted 22 January 1917. [AWN 20.06.1918] P.19

CULLING, Flight Lieut T G — Distinguished Service Cross, a Naval decoration — award received by father, T S Culling, Remuera. This award was made in recognition of the late officer’s services when, with two other aeroplanes, he engaged a formation of 9 hostile scouts and two-seater machines. Two 2-seater machines were shot down, one by Flight Lieut Culling unassisted. [AWN 27.06.1918] P.19

The name of Simon FLETCHER, formerly a teacher at the Kaimamaku School, who died of wounds, has been added to the Auckland Education Board Roll of Honour. [AWN 27.06.1918] P.22

FOSTER, Private L G, only son of Mr G L Foster, Eden Terrace, has been reported wounded. Prior to enlisting with the 21st Reinforcements he was employed by Tonson & Garlick Co. Ltd. [AWN 20.06.1918, p.48]

FOWLDS, Captain W F, aged 24, who has been awarded the Military Cross, is the youngest son of the Hon. George Fowlds. He attended King’s College and was for some years the holder of a Territorial commission. He left NZ with the 4th Battalion, Rifle Brigade in 1916, and has been fighting for two years in France. He received promotion six months ago. [AWN 13.06.1918] P.22

FRICKLETON, Second Lieutenant Samuel, is the first New Zealand V.C. of this war to return home. He reached Auckland as one of a draft of invalids. He is a native of Stirlingshire, Scotland and came to this country with his mother and four brothers in 1913, settling at Blackball where he followed the occupation of a coal-miner. He enlisted as a private in the 5th Reinforcements but was returned from Egypt owing to illness and was discharged. He re-enlisted in November 1915, sailing for France with the 15th Reinforcements, joining the 3rd Battalion of the Rifle Brigade. It was for gallantry at Messines that Lt Frickleton, then a lance corporal, received the most coveted decoration of the British Army. When his name was gazetted among 10 new V.C.’s in August, 1917, the following was given as the reason: "For most conspicuous bravery and determination when with attacking troops which came under heavy fire and were checked. Although slightly wounded, Corporal Frickleton dashed forward at the head of his section, pushed into our barrage and personally destroyed with bombs an enemy machine-gun and crew which was causing heavy casualties. He then attacked a second gun, killing the whole of the4 crew of twelve. By the destruction of these two guns he undoubtedly saved his own and other units from very severe casualties and his magnificent courage and gallantry ensured the capture of the objective. During the consolidation of the position he received a second severe wound. He set throughout a great example of heroism." A quiet reticent Scotsman, Lt Frickleton carries his honours with modesty. When seen by a reporter, he was unwilling to speak of the deeds which gained for him the honour but, when pressed to do so, he described a most stirring adventure in the most matter of fact way. It appears that he took nine men through the British barrage to attack a machine-gun which was occupying a dangerous position on top of a half ruined church. Six of them became casualties on the way. With the remaining three he bombed this gun, killing the surviving members of the crew with the bayonet. After they had thrown the gun down another opened fire at a cross roads and they made their way through the houses toward it, another of the party falling. This gun crew was bombed and bayoneted and the heroic three then took refuge in a dugout to wait for the barrage to lift. "When we came out" said Lieut Frickleton "we got 20 prisoners, who seemed to be rather pleased about it and made our way back to where the battalion was digging in." What has brought this gallant soldier home is the after-effects of being gassed and not his wounds. He had been gassed a few days before the attack but was able to carry on. When his wounds healed he joined an officers’ training corps at Trinity College, Cambridge, and it was while there that he discovered in a rather remarkable manner that his lungs had become affected. He had entered for a boxing contest and when being weighed found that he had dropped from about 12 stone to 10 stone. An examination soon confirmed the reason. He, however, fought in the boxing contest and won it, receiving a silver cup. He is a member of a fighting family. One brother was wounded on Gallipoli on 8 May 1915 and another on 5 September. A third left Gallipoli owing to illness and was afterwards killed in France. The youngest brother was wounded at Messines and has returned home. Lieut Frickleton was welcomed by the Mayor on behalf of the citizens of Auckland. [AWN 13.06.1918] p.16

FRICKLETON, L, V.C., received a civic reception at Christchurch on Monday. The function was held in the open and was attended by thousands of citizens who showed the greatest enthusiasm. The Mayor was the only speaker and his remarks were fervently cheered. Lieut Frickleton, who was given a tremendous reception, was carried shoulder high to his car amid the cheers of the crowd. [AWN 20.06.1918] P.19

HALL, Lieutenant A, who was killed in action in Palestine, was the only son of Mr W H Hall late of Drury and was a brother of Mrs H Gordon of Saies, North Auckland. He was born at Governor’s Bay, Canterbury, and educated at the Thames public school and High School. Having obtained his junior Civil Service certificate, he entered the Post and Telegraph Dept and while there passed the senior Civil Service examination. Later Mr Hall transferred to the Defence Dept and was chosen as private secretary to the Hon F M B Fisher, then Minister for Marine. Immediately upon the outbreak of war, Mr Hall, then in his 23rd year, volunteered for service abroad with the Main Body in the Wellington Mounted Rifles. He was one of the first landing party of New Zealanders at Gallipoli and afterwards served through the whole campaign there as sergeant. His division being urgently in need of signallers, he threw up his non-commissioned rank and joined the signallers as a private. Subsequently he gained the rank of Lieutenant, was mentioned several times in despatches and was awarded the Military Cross for gallantry on the field. [AWN 13.06.1918] P.19

HART, Brig General H, has been made a Companion of the Order of St Michael and St George for service in France and Flanders. When the Fourth Brigade was formed he was promoted to brigadier-general and took command of it. He served in the South African war, being engaged in operations in the Transvaal. For his services in the present war he was mentioned in despatches on 3 July and 5 August, 1915, and was awarded the DSO. [AWN 06.06.1918] p.27

HILFORD, Private Charles R, killed in action in France on 7 May, was 29 years old, and was educated in Whangarei, coming to Auckland in 1912. Pte Hilford was for several years with the Temperance and General Insurance Co. and was a teacher in the St Matthew’s Sunday school. He was an enthusiastic member of the C.E.M.S. of which organization he was for some time secretary and treasurer. His wife, Mrs Florence Hilford, resides in Charles Street. [AWN 06.06.1918] P.19

HUBBARD, Captain Arthur Charles, Auckland Regiment — Posthumous award received by his mother Mrs E A Hubbard, Paeroa. For conspicuous gallantry and devotion to duty. He displayed great courage and initiative in leading his company in the assault on the enemy front line. Later, he was largely instrumental in rescuing several wounded men. Gazetted April 17, 1917. [AWN 20.06.1918] P.19

HUBBARD, Capt Arthur Charles, Auckland Regt, M.C. — award for gallantry and devotion to duty received by mother, Mrs E A Hubbard, of Paeroa. He displayed great courage and initiative in leading his company in the assault on the enemy front line and later was largely instrumental in rescuing several wounded men. [AWN 27.06.1918] P.19

HUMPHRIES, Major Cecil C F H of Christchurch, commenced his military career as a private in August 1914 and won the Distinguished Conduct Medal at an early stage of the war. He was attached to the Cornwall Regt. And was awarded a bar to his Military Cross and promoted Lieutenant Colonel. He has been twice wounded, on the latter occasion as an officer of the Highland Light Infantry. Returning to France, he was given command of a Labour Battalion, his services in this capacity having been recognised by the award of the Military Cross. [AWN 06.06.1918] p.26

JENNINGS, Lieutenant A, , son of Mr W T Jennings, M.P., has obtained a position as a pilot in the Royal Flying Squadron. He was at the landing at Gallipoli and afterwards served in France, subsequently obtaining a commission in the Imperial service. He was severely wounded in action and was awarded the Military Cross. Owing to the effects of his wound, Lt Jennings was unable to rejoin his unit and volunteered for the air service. In a letter to his father he says that among the tests candidates for the air service have to undergo are a parachute descent from a captive balloon at an altitude of 2000 ft and a trip of 25 miles in a free balloon with directions to land at a notified station. [AWN 06.06.1918] p.20

KENNY, Sub-Lieutenant Hilary A H S, killed in action in France on 26 March, was the only son of the late Dr A S Kenny of Onehunga, and grandson of the late Hon. Lieutenant Colonel W H Kenny of the 73rd Black Watch, Imperial Forces. Lieut Kenny, who left NZ after his father’s death in 1901, was born at Beckenham and was educated at Epsom College. In December 1914 he joined the Royal Naval Division as a seaman and from May 1915, to the evacuation of Gallipoli he fought on the Peninsula. In the autumn of 1917 he obtained his commission and proceeded to France. After his death his commanding officer wrote — "He was an extremely gallant officer and had, by his fearlessness and courage in the face of danger, won the love and admiration of all with whom he came in contact." [AWN 13.06.1918] P.19

McDERMOTT, Sergeant Norman A L, who has been killed in action, was the son of the late Mr Jas. McDermott. He was a prominent member of the Boy Scouts and formerly was scoutmaster of the Northcote troop. Before enlisting he held the rank of sergeant in the engineers. He left with the 27th Reinforcements. He was promoted on the field from the rank of corporal to that of sergeant. He leaves a young widow. [AWN 27.06.1918] P.19

MELVILL, Brig General C W, DSO, a member of the NZ Permanent Staff, has been made a Companion of the Order of St Michael and St George for service in France and Flanders. He was in an English regiment before coming to NZ to take up farming pursuits. For a time he was farming at Clinton but later took a commission in the NZ forces. He was stationed at Auckland for some time. Captain Melvill, as he then was, went to England shortly before the war to undergo a course of training at the Camberley Staff College. On the outbreak of war he rejoined his old regiment and went to France, where he was severely wounded. Later he went to Gallipoli, returning to France with the NZ forces. He was appointed to command the First NZ Brigade upon the death in action of Brig General C H J Brown. He was awarded the Belgian Croix de Guerre in March for gallantry in action. [AWN 06.06.1918] P.27

MULLINEAUX, Rev Matthew, who has been awarded the Military Cross, was formerly Chaplain to the Flying Angel Mission in an American port and worked his way to NZ in the stokehold of a mail boat in order to proceed on active service. Prior to leaving NZ as Chaplain to the Forces, he studied medicine and apparently his studies were of valuable assistance in a time of need. In May last during the incapacity of a medial officer owing to wounds, Chaplain Mullineaux took charge of a regimental aid post, dressed the wounded and supervised evacuation. But for his prompt assistant there would have been serious congestion of the wounded. He is well known in English football circles. [AWN 27.06.1918] P.27

MULLINEUX, Rev Matthew, who was already wearing South African ribands, has now been awarded the Military Cross. During fighting in May when a medical officer became a casualty, Chaplain Mullineux took charge of a regimental aid post, dressed the wounded and supervised evacuations. This post was subjected to heavy high explosive and gas shelling for 12 hours and but for the padre’s splendid work there would have been serious congestion of the wounded. [AWN 27.06.1918, p.25]

MURPHY, Private George Alex, killed in France, was the youngest son of Mr Hull Murphy, for some years a tally clerk in the employ of the Waihi G M Co. and formerly of Vermont St, Ponsonby, where deceased was born. He left NZ with the 14th Reinforcements and after being in the firing line for a considerable period was wounded but not seriously and shortly afterwards returned to the front. At the time of the wound which ended fatally, he was one of a party detailed to clear a communication trench after the attacking waves had moved forward and the party accounted for no less than five enemy machine-guns against determined opposition by the Germans. In a letter to deceased’s father, Lt Grierson, in referring to the incident, says: "A large amount of the success of the operation must be attributed to your son’s gallant conduct, which at all times was beyond praise. The company has lost a true and brave comrade at a time when men such as he are so sorely needed." The only brother, Private Maurice Lewis MURPHY, is fighting in Flanders. [AWN 13.06.1918] P.19

MYERS, Corporal R — Posthumous award received by brother, Mr Thomas Myers, Ranganui. For conspicuous bravery on the field. Gazetted 8 December 1916. [AWN 20.06.1918] P.19

OXLEY, Private Hubert, 2nd, Auckland, Battn, ex prisoner of war in Germany. Account of experiences. [AWN 06.06.1918, p.47]

PAGE, Captain William, son of Mr W C Page, Woolston, has died at Brockenhurst Hospital. He left NZ with the 7th Reinforcements and proceeded to France where he saw a good deal of fighting and sustained shell shock of the most severe description. He was for a year in Brockenhurst Hospital. Prior to leaving for the front he lived in Auckland and took an active interest in the Territorials, holding the rank of major. He was about 44 years of age and leaves a widow and five children. [AWN 06.06.1918] p.16

PEAKE, Captain T M, writes to correct a statement that he has been wounded four times. He was once wounded and had shell-shock twice. [AWN 06.06.1918] p.19

PEARCE, Private Owen D, who died of wounds in France on 13 May, was the third son of Mr J A Pearce, 10 Carrick Place, Mt Eden and was 23 years of age. He left NZ with the 25th Reinforcements. At the time of his enlistment he was engaged in the Auckland Survey Dept. He was an enthusiastic Association football player, also taking great interest in motor-launching. He was an old boy of Mount Cook School and Wellington College and had also attended the Auckland University College. An elder brother, Gunner F G PEARCE left NZ with the 6th Reinforcements and is still on active service in France. [AWN 06.06.1918, p.45]

RUDD, Private Lawrence F, reported missing, is the eldest son of Mr M Rudd, acting manager of the Union Steam Ship Co’s Auckland branch. Mr Rudd has received advice that his son is now a prisoner of war in Minden, Westphalia. Pte Rudd, who left NZ twelve months ago, with the 29th Reinforcements, was educated at the Auckland Grammar School where he matriculated. He was studying law at the Auckland University College when he enlisted. [AWN 06.06.1918] P.19

SANDERS, Lieut Commander William Edward, RNR — Posthumous award received by his father Mr E H Sanders, Takapuna. In recognition of conspicuous gallantry, consummate coolness and skill in command of H.M. ships in action. Gazetted June 22, 1917. [AWN 20.06.1918] P.19

SANDERS, Lieut Commander Edward, RNR — award received by father, E H Sanders, of Takapuna. The announcement of the Naval hero’s name was received with deafening cheers. The Gazette stated that for 16 months the late Lieutenant Commander had been in command of one of His Majesty’s ships engaged in combating enemy submarines and he had been awarded the Victoria Cross and the Distinguished Service Order in connection with the great gallantry he had displayed on several occasions with enemy submarines. [AWN 27.06.1918] P.17

SCOTT, Corporal Arthur Tennyson, killed in action in France on 26 March 1918, was the youngest son of the late Captain E J Scott and Mrs Isabella Scott, King’s View Rd, Mt Eden. He was an old Grammar School boy and prior to his enlistment was on the staff of the Union Bank of Australia. He left NZ with the Main Body and was present at the Gallipoli landing, being wounded a few days later. He soon returned to duty and except for a short illness in hospital, saw continuous service until the time of his death. His brother Captain R F SCOTT, died of wounds at Messines on 9 June 1917 and his remaining brother, Sergeant C E SCOTT, is on service in the East. [AWN 13.06.1918] P.19

SCOTT, Rev W B, Methodist Chaplain at Featherston, has been attached to the 38th Reinforcements to succeed Chaplain Alex Allen, killed in action on the 9th May. Mr Scott is succeeded by Rev P R Paris of Dominion Road. Rev W B Scott is the eldest son of Mr Joseph Scott of Onehunga. [AWN 13.06.1918] P.20

SMITH, Driver James, killed in action in France on 18 May, was attached to the Divisional Train, NZASC. He volunteered on his 20th birthday and left the Dominion with the 22nd Reinforcements. His brother Phillip, serving with an Irish regiment, was wounded about the same time. Prior to enlisting, Driver Smith lived with his sisters Mrs T Cannon and Miss K Smith, now of 3 Shoal Bay Road, Devonport. [AWN 06.06.1918] P.19

TERAINA, Tiweka, a returned Maori soldier, who formerly lived at Te Kaha, Opotiki, died at the hospital on Saturday from consumption. He left with the 21st Reinforcements and returned last week. He was a single man aged 24 and previous to enlistment was employed as a bushman. [AWN 20.06.1918] P.22

VERCOE, Captain, of Rotorua, 16th, Waikato, Co., First Auckland Battn., formerly with the Pioneer Battn, is stated to have been recommended for the V.C. When his commander, Major N A DUTHIE, who has since received the DSO and who returned to Auckland this week, was wounded in the attack opposite Serre Road, Captain Vercoe took command. [Further article] AWN 20.06.1918, p.18

YOUNG, Sister C, NZANS, of the Auckland Hospital, who left with the First Contingent in April 1915, and has seen service in Egypt, on a hospital ship and at Hornchurch, is now at Codford. She recently passed the examinations held by the Incorporated Society of Trained Masseuses. [AWN 13.06.1918] P.20

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