Alabama Migrations and mine were right in the midst of it.

After the Revolutionary War, the U.S. Government established laws to survey and sell land gained from Britain. The area that became Alabama was originally part of the Mississippi Territory from 1798 to 1817. Many settlers arrived in the area before government lands had been surveyed. Unable to buy, they simply picked a location, built a cabin, cleared fields, and put in crops. Such families were called squatters. Land laws were passed to provide legal title to land for settlers who already lived on the land. Some settlers claimed land by British or Spanish land grants, and others were squatters who claimed land by right of pre-emption....Starting in 1804, U. S. Land Offices were established to sell land in the area which would become Alabama. By law federal land was sold to the highest bidders at public auctions. Alabama sales attracted men from all over the nation, many of them speculators. Groups of speculators bought large tracts, sometimes for as little as $10 an acre, then resold at $20 to $100 an acre. When an auction ended, poorer migrants could buy less desirable land for as little as $2 an acre. The smallest amount one person could buy was 160 acres. Under the Land Law of 1800 a purchaser could put one-fourth down and pay the rest off over three years. But when the price of cotton fell to eighteen cents a pound, few could meet payments on land bought at inflated prices. By 1820, Alabama owed the federal government $11 million--more than half of the national land debt. In 1820 and 1821 Congress passed new laws to deal with this problem. The Land Law of 1820 required future buyers to pay the entire amount in cash but lowered the minimums to $1.25 an acre and 80 acres. Those already in debt were aided by the Relief Act of 1821 which permitted them to keep part of their land and return the rest to the government or buy it all on the installment plan at reduced rates. Introduction to the Settlement Unit: The defeat of the Creek Indians opened the heartland of Alabama to white settlement and caused Alabama fever to sweep the nation. Pioneers by the thousands left Tennessee, Georgia, the Carolinas, and Virginia seeking fertile land for growing cotton. Mississippi territorial law was in place, but when Mississippi became a state, Congress created the Alabama Territory in 1817. Congress designated St. Stephens as capital of the Alabama Territory and approved a legislature of Alabama delegates already elected to the old Mississippi territorial legislature. William Wyatt Bibb, a Georgia physician who had served in the United States Congress and had powerful friends in Washington, was named Territorial governor. He was also elected as the first governor when Alabama became a state December 14, 1819. See his burial ground on Coosada Road as you leave Millbrook, approaching the Coosada Baptist Church on the left. One of our Carter's Uncle Frank Fenn donated some of his land in Coosada for a cemetery and his family is buried behind the fence.
The Bibbs and the Bozemans were close friends, and neighbors in the early days. Benejah Bibb signed many of their legal documents. William helped establish the government, pass laws and administer justice. The following documents deal with cost of government, land speculation, cotton, and law as settlers poured in the area during the early settlement of Alabama.At the start of the 19th century, Indians still held most of present-day Alabama. War broke out in 1813 between American settlers and a Creek faction known as the Red Sticks, who were determined to resist white encroachment. After General Andrew Jackson and his Tennessee militia crushed the Red Sticks in 1814 at the Battle of Horseshoe Bend in central Alabama, he forced the Creek to sign a treaty ceding some 40,000 sq mi (103,600 sq km) of land to the US, thereby opening about three-fourths of the present state to white settlement. From 1814 onward, pioneers, caught up by what was called "Alabama fever," poured out of the Carolinas, Virginia, Georgia, Tennessee, and Kentucky into what Andrew Jackson called "the best unsettled country in America." Wealthy migrants came in covered wagons, bringing their slaves, cattle, and hogs. But the great majority of pioneers were ambitious farmers who moved.
Many of our families were the early pioneers when Alabama first became a state, after being part of the Mississippi Territory which was then mostly Choctaw land. South Alabama was Creek but slowly most tribes were moving westward. Georgia did not allow plantation owners to employ indians but Alabama did. The land was cheap and fertile so the migrations began. Most used Biblical names for their children yet some named them after popular native americans. Several are recorded in various county history books and the Pintlala Historical Assn has many in their webpage whom we are very proud of. As we stand on the capitol steps and admire the star where Jefferson Davis took his oath as President of the Confederacy, we can look around and know that many of our relatives also stood nearby to witness this wonderful moment. And across the street we can walk through his home, which had actually been moved from Ramer, where he resided near our families. Our families were honored to serve in the many battles of the early 1700s and 1776, settling in land grants of North Carolina and South Carolina.  Anderson, Bozeman, Brack, Broadway, Carter, Calloway, Campbell, Dillard, Flinn, Fountaine, Gibson, Hill, Joiner, Mason, Mills, McClain, McGee, Sellers, Shackleford, Stephens, Watson, Williams, Boothe, Bush, mostly intermarried, some to their first cousin, some to their second as quoted in the book of 1885, Sketches of Bozeman, we began to notice it more as the research continued. The wagons flowed into Alabama by 1820 and land purchases are found in the 1820s as these families are found on the 1830 Alabama census, all living so close together, from Hope Hull to Ramah, as more and more new settlers joined them in the years to come. John W. Carter bought land in 1821 but was on  the 1820 census of Talladega yet his son Thomas was in Hope Hull marrying Peter Bozeman's granddaughter in 1848.  Peter's brother John bought land here in 1823.  Peter's son Jesse M. bought land in 1827 and we found his grave in Hope Hull off McLean Road by his daughter Lacy and her spouse Thomas Carter and some of their infants. A map of these lands indicate the possibility that Peter and his wife lived across the road "McLean" on his own farm and neighbors say there is another cemetery we should explore on that side.  We have to remember that street did not exist in 1827.
In Darlington Peter had his land surveyed in 1826 after giving some Deed Gifts to his grandchildren, and in 1828 his letters to the War Department are found in Montgomery Alabama archives.  He was an invalid and requesting his pension to follow him here, as witnessed by E. Stephens.
Peter had served with his brothers and their father and several other Bozemans, as they were so very dedicated to our country.

Sadly we find in 1829 he had passed away and his Estate Sale is recorded in the Montgomery archives and many of the above mentioned names are listed, as they purchased his personal property and his heirs are legally recorded. His estate is signed by  John Stacy, Benjamin Lewis and Nathaniel Williams. In 1838 his widow must have died and once again there is a division of the property as witnessed by  her heirs.  Then her son Henry died in 1847 and a large amount of documents exist, even with Thomas Carter and David Calloway buying some of his land. Jesse died in 1855 and his son Jesse A. is a Justice of the Peace. Henry's widow moves to Dublin by her father John Hill and her many married sisters, with her three sons and a daughter and this linege grows very large, while the current descendants only recently learn of their cousins in Hope Hull. Thomas Carter was the grandson of Captain John Carter.  Thoms lost his wife and remarried to Mary Josephine Herreferd and had Sarah Elizabeth Carter "Sallie" married Levi Benjamin Cooper, the son of Charner. Sallie's daughter married Brooks.

An 1834 will is recorded for Elisha Anderson and his widow was Lavinia Brack and she remained in Hope Hull near her married children on the 1840 census.  Miles Brack is seen on one of the estate sale papers. Some called them Brock.

Peter Bozeman's son Jesse M. married a Lucy A. and named their son Jesse A. so should we speculate on Anderson? They resided by Alfred Sellers who married Elizabeth Anderson, and by the Elisha Anderson family; and Bunberry Flinn married Oranza Anderson and their daughter married Jesse A. Bozeman. Several Parmers married an Anderson. Lavenia Anderson married Wm Calvin Sellers in a double wedding with Alfred.  Lavenia's daughter lavenia Jane Sellers married her cousin Seaborn Anderson and had a daughter Nancy Jane Anderson who married Peter Edward Bozeman, the son of Henry. Nancy's son John Thomas married Alice Lorena Stephens, daughter of Sara Mills and Joe Stephens. Joe was the son of Elisha Stephens. Alice had a daughter, Lorena in 1890, who married Charles McClain in 1908 and had a daughter named Alice who married a Carter. Their daughter married a Cochran from Kansas. 

Rives, McCool, Campbells,  Lewis, Hill  married a Bozemanso we have many many intermarriages amongst these early settlers of our county.

There are many families researching these many branches and hopefully our children will continue our work. Many of these names are listed in the DAR library as soldiers and patriots of the American Revolution, then most of their grandsons served in the Civil War and other wars since.  Once Montgomery County was settled these families had cousins migrating into several other counties and Alabama grew.'S%20ESTATE%20OF%201829/BOZEMAN.HILL.CEMETERY.txt'S%20ESTATE%20OF%201829/DUBLIN.txt'S%20ESTATE%20OF%201829/MOUNT.CARMEL.txt'S%20ESTATE%20OF%201829/THOMAS.CARTER.TOMBSTONE.jpg