This page, and info on it, posted by: Bill Hecht
Here you will find old maps, pictures, postcards, air photos,
and geology info for Cayuga County and the Finger Lakes.
If you find this useful please let me know why.
If not, tell me what is missing and I may be able to find you the info or dirrect you to those who can help.
PICTURES of Cayuga Lake and other things.
Cayuga County genealogy web site
Cayuga County genealogy web site Maps pageIncluding 1859 Cayuga County Wall map.
Frontenac Historical Society in Union Springs
We live in the Finger Lakes because of its open space and vistas.
For a better understanding of open space use and some of the misconceptions regarding its zoning and development I encourage you to review the following article. Such Cost of Government Services studies have been done in many many communities all across the United States and the results are remarkably the same. Many of our old assumptions on taxation and "expanding the tax base" do not hold up when the true facts are looked at. Many communities have taken a look at their old ways of doing business and are finding it to be much more cost effective to plan growth and protect open space and farmland. You may also wish to check out the many articles on this at the web site of the American Farmland Trust.
Economic Value of Open Space by. Charles J. Fausold and Robert J.
Published in Land Lines, September 1996, Volume 8, Number 5
For information on how you can help to protect your land and other
lands in the Finger Lakes contact:
The Finger Lakes Land Trust
1862 Map of the Erie
Canal Including the Seneca, Chemung, Crooked Lake, and Cayuga
"Profiles of the New York State Canals and Feeders; Showing the Elevations of the same above Tidewater"
and the Junction of the Lateral Canals with the Erie.
Designed under the Direction of Wm. B. Taylor. State Engineer and Surveyor,
To accompany the State Engineer & Survey Report for 1862
Data of Seneca-Cayuga Canal from THE FLATS by Arnold Barben, Seneca Falls Historical
Map of Mudlock area from THE FLATS by Arnold Barben, Seneca Falls Historical
Map of Seneca-Cayuga Canal from THE FLATS by Arnold Barben, Seneca Falls Historical
Be sure to compare these
photos to the 1990's color infra-red photo below of the same area to
see the changes in land use.
If you open a second window in your browser (go to FILE, NEW, New BROWSER; in Netscape)
you can then have the old and new views open at the same time.
What these do not show is the visual loss of the natural shoreline due to construction too close to the shore.
Compare the previous 4 photos to:
photo on left and 1995 infra red photo on right
showing area from Frontenac Island to Cayuga Junction.
Note development at Hibiscus Harbor and Springport cove.
This area was wooded shoreline just 50 years ago.
end of Cayuga Lake and Village of Cayuga
COMPARE THE ABOVE TWO 1938 photos to:
Other 1938 Air Photos of Cayuga County
199 5 Infra red of Emerson Park and area to the west of Emerson Park from about 1995. Compare this to the 1938 photo above and see the development.
1995 Zoom detail Infra red of Emerson Park and area to the west of Emerson Park from about 1995. Compare this to the 1938 photo above.
I have all of Cayuga County east to Otisco Lake and south to Ludlowville. Also some of Oswego County. If you need a particular area let me know and I can e-mail U the picture and zoom in. Let me know the intersection of two roads in the middle of the area you need.
Savanna, South-East quadrant (4-22-94)
Montez uma, North-West quadrant West side Howland's Island(April 1994 wet spring flooding)
Montez uma, South-West quadrant Sugar Beet Plant (Clinton Corn), Richmond Aquaduct, Village of Montezuma (4-22-94).
Seneca Falls Quadrangle
Senec a Falls, North-East quadrant Thruway, Rt 89, Seneca Cayuga Canal.
Senec a Falls, South-West quadrant SENECA MEADOWS LANDFILL, Village of Waterloo (4-16-95). This is now easily visible from Rt 326 outside Auburn. Too bad it can not be graded to at least look like a drumlin and not a fake hill. Who ever thought of this in the initial permit phase? We all must look at it now and forever.
Seneca Falls, South-East quadrant Seneca Falls, Van Cleef Lake, Seneca Cayuga Canal, Eisenhower College.
Cayuga, North-West quadrant Mud Lock, Montezuma National Wildlife Refuge visitor center
Cayuga, North-East quadrant Drumlin fields
Cayuga, South-West quadrant Color infra-red photo of Village of Cayuga, area north of Silver Bridge, and south to Cook Memorial Forest
Cayuga, South-East quadrant O'hara Machinery, Townline Road, Oakwood Quarry
Union Springs Quadrangle
Un ion Springs, North-West quadrant Hibiscus harbor, Frontenac Island, Springport Cove, Carr's Cove, Farley's Point, Village of Union Springs.
Uni on Springs, North-East quadrant Powers Corner, Great Gully.
Uni on Springs, South-West quadrant Great Gully, Levanna, North end of the Village of Aurora. (4-16-95)
Uni on Springs, South-East quadrant Great Gully.
Genoa, South-East quadrant King Ferry shown (3-27-95)
Sheldrak e, North-West quadrant Long Point State Park, Paine's Creek, Wells College Campus (4-16-95).
Sheldrake , South-East quadrant Triangle Restaurant west of King Ferry.
Romulus, North-East quadrant Canoga Nitrogen Spring, Seneca Stone Quarry, Nature Preserve, Fish and bait ponds. (1994)
Ovid, North-East quadrant (4-16-95)
Ludlo wville, South-West quadrant Taughannock Point
Ludlow ville, South-East quadrant Old Village of Ludlowville, Salmon Creek, Salt Mines, and Lansing schools.
Trum ansburg, North-West quadrant (4-16-95)
Truman sburg, North-East quadrant Showing Milikan Station (4-23-94)
Ithaca West Quadrangle
Ithaca West, North-East quad (1995)
Ithaca East Quadrangle
Western Finger Lakes
1790 Map of the Western Finger Lakes : from "The Documentary History of the State of New York, by E.B. O'Callaghan, M.D.. Albany 1849.
Detail of 1790 Map of the Western Finger Lakes showing Seneca, Keuka, and Canandaigua Lakes.
Si meon Dewitt 1802 map showing northern Cayuga Lake, Oneida Lake and St. Lawrence River.
Cayuga County section (also includes Seneca Co.) (note "Apple Town" in Seneca Co and that there is no "Peach Town" marked for Aurora.
Larger version of Cayuga and Seneca Counties section 300k file size
1829 Aurelius map compare this to the 1838 version below that has the Rail-Road.
1829 Owasco and Auburn map showing part of Fleming.
1829 Sempronius which then included New Hope and Niles.
1853 Map of Union Springs This map predates the railroad. Note the street names and plank road.
1879 Cayuga County map showing railroads Note the proposed railroad north of the Village of Cayuga
Half Acre-Past and Presentby: May Ellison Baker HALL.
Baker GenealogyThe BAKER family of aurelius and Half Acre.
Brigh am's General Directory 1863 Historical Sketch of Union Springs.
of Cayuga" By: Florence Pharis McIntosh
" ;Photo of the Village of Cayuga from frozen Cayuga Lake. From the book: History of Cayuga" By: Florence Pharis McIntosh
TRAVELS THROUGH THE WESTERN COUNTRY IN THE SUMMER OF 1816 by DAVID THOMAS
THE HISTORY OF UNION SPRINGS - 1813-1860 By Thomas Connor
An Early Site in Cayuga County, New York; Type Component of the Frontenac Focus, Archaic PatternBy WILLIAM A. RITCHIE, Archeologist
Steamboa ting on the Finger Lakes 1942 article from NY History
Storkes History of Cayuga County I have only included here the Aurelius, Springport, Union Springs and Ledyard info that has been converted to date.
Island Drawing by Sarah Richardson
Data from back of drawing
Mrs. Sarah Richardion (Richardson)
15 1/2 X 9 1/4
Back but no flaps in ???
TO THE GEOLOGY OF UNION SPRINGS
Elementary Natural History Series; No. 3
BY: Gilbert Dennison Harris
1905 Harris Publishing Co., Cornell University, Ithaca, NY USA
(also included is: REPORT OF THE STATE PALEONTOLOGIST 1902, PRELIMINARY OBSERVATIONS ON THE COBLESKILL ("CORALLINE") LIMESTONE OF NEW YORK, BY C. A. Hartnagel
GEO LOGY OF THE AUBURN-GENOA QUADRANGLE New York State Museum Bulletin # 137
Geologic map of Union Springs, Cayuga, and Montezuma from: New York State Museum Bulletin # 137.
Geologic map of Union Springs to Auburn AND LEGEND from: New York State Museum Bulletin # 137.
Geologic map of Union Springs south to Levanna and west to Owasco Lake from: New York State Museum Bulletin # 137. (note this is a large file)
Geologic map of Myers Point, Ludlowville and Trumansburg area from: New York State Museum Bulletin # 137.
Geologic map of Sheldrake, Lansing (on the Lake rail line) (244k file size) from: New York State Museum Bulletin # 137.
Geologic map of the City of Auburn 1908 NY State Museum.
1839, Third Annual Report of the Geological Survey of the Third Distict by Lardner Vanuxem
Middle Devonian Coral Beds of Central NY These are the famous STAGHORN corals of Skaneateles Lake.
Coral Growth by John Wells 1963. The corals of Staghorn Point helped to prove that day length was different through time and the number of days in a year. All this discovered with just a hand lens, no fancy labs and equipment. Just observation.
Dr umlin Formation"Drumlins Carved by Rapid Water-Rich Surges", by William A. White, Northeastern Geology Vol 7 # 3/4 1985.
Surficial Geological Map of northern Cayuga County and Oswego County
Surficial Geological Map of central and southern Cayuga County Including the Ithaca area.
Herbicides and their Metabolites in Cayuga Lake and its Tributaries, New York by David A.V. Eckhardt, William M. Kappel, William F. Coon, and Patrick J. Phillips (NOTE: THIS IS A PDF FILE AND YOU WILL HAVE TO DOWNLOAD IT AND OPEN WITH ADOBE ACROBAT)
Data on the Finger Lakes such as depth, length, depth to bedrock, miles of shoreline etc.. I do not have data on what % of shoreline is in public access or historical info on the cost of lakeshore property over time related to mean income or percent of total income. The town tax records could be kept of properties that have lake frontage, lake access, lake views or shared lake access. The fields are available in the tax database supplied by the state but few towns ever fill them in. Such info is taken into consideration in each assesment.
The Little Chapel on the Mount The Garrett Memorial Chapel on Bluff Point, Keuka Lake.
&quo t;Before You Sign" Info you should consider before signing a gas lease.
Woodcut of Cayuga Bridge
"The above view of Cayuga Bridge, which crosses the Cayuga lake on the great western turnpike, was taken on the western bank, and shows on the opposite side of the lake a portion of the little village of Cayuga. The large building on the right is the well-known tavern of Mr. Titus, having superior accomodations. This bridge, so famous in political estimates, was commenced in May, 1799, and finished in September, 1800. It was built by the Manhattan Company of New York, and cost $150,000. Its length is one mile. "This bridge is thelongest in America, perhaps the world, and yet five years ago," says the traveller in 1800, "the Indians possessed the shores of the lake, imbosomed in almost impenetrable woods." The first bridge was built on mud sills - the second on piles - the third and last was errected in 1833, and cost about $15,000.
STATE OF NEW YORK
Edited by Henry Kollock
Old postcard of Hammondsport and Keuka Lake
Compare this to the photo on page 46-47 of the wonderful new book FINGER LAKES PANORAMAS by Kristian S. Reynolds.
D ETAIL of old postcard of Hammondsport and Keuka Lake
The flying field down by the lake at Kingsley Flats was in use for
a number of years -- certainly from 1909 or so until some time during
the First World War. The Curtiss Flying School was there, operating
both land planes and seaplanes. There was a dirigible hangar, and
this was also the site for all the testing and experiemental work,
including flights of the "Langley' and the "America."
Mr. Kirk House, Executive Director
Glen H. Curtis Museum
8419 Rt. 54
Color infra red images of the CAZENOVIA USGS 7 1/2 min quad dated to May 1994. I would suggest that you download these and save them to your own web space. Each file is about 150K in size.
N.B. Carr Boats and Fishing Tackle Ad In "Boat House near Railroad Depot" ??
Kidders on Cayuga Lake. (Kidders is on the west side of Cayuga Lake across from Atwaters. Atwaters is on the east side just south of King Ferry)
Ph oto of Frontenac at Taughannock Falls Dock. Note the row boat on deck just in front of the paddle wheel. Its not there in some pictures. Also the lettering of "Frontenac" in some pictures is done all in caps on other pictures of the boat. Was there a row boat on the Frontenac the day it burned and lives were lost?
Frontenac; Cayuga Lake Steamer Frontenac, Brown Line. Postcard published by Cayuga Lake Transportation Co..
Allen and Halsey mill in Union Springs destroyed by fire. This photo from Courtney Collection at Cornell.
Sherwood Select School. Photo by R.R. Abbott photographer of Union Springs
Cayuga LockView south from lock toward the old malt house (Beacon Milling)
M oraine ridge about 1 mile east of MechlinbergThis photo is just to the left of the previous two photos; 00000043.jpg and 00000042.jpg
Springport tax rolls of July 2000 This is a tab delimited text file. Save and import into EXCEL.
Village of Union Springs tax rolls of July 2000 This is a tab delimited text file. Save and import into EXCEL.
Owasco tax rolls of July 2000 This is a tab delimited text file. Save and import into EXCEL.
Owasco tax maps of Spring 2000these are tiff files you can open with most any image viewer. Note that the maps are dated with creation date and when last updated.
S pringport tax maps as of Spring 2000 these are tiff files you can open with most any image viewer. Note that the maps are dated with creation date and when last updated.
Lick Brook Just south of Buttermilk Falls. The Finger Lakes Trail runs past this falls and gorge.
Li ck Brook Old sterio view of Lick Brook lower falls.
Example of bad shoreline protection Also note the house color and harsh treatment of shoreline. None of which blends into the natural environment. Next time you paint or put on siding use natural earth tone colors instead of stark brilliant white.
Example of good shoreline protection Note natural colors of building. Native plants are retained. There is a small lawn. Trees are carefully pruned for a view through them instead of cutting them down. You don't have to cut a tree down to secure a view. Matter of fact, a view through trees is much more dynamic.
Altered Shoreline Cross section of altered shoreline and what we usually do in our landscape efforts. Landscaping that destroys they natural beauty of the Finger Lakes. The very reason we live here.
Text of what you can do to restore your shoreline to its natural
condition and make it a more pleasant vista.
http://freepages.education.rootsweb.com/~springport/fllt/canandaigua1.jp http://freepages.education.rootsweb.com/~springport/fllt/ray.jpg http://freepages.education.rootsweb.com/~springport/fllt/june1.jpg http://freepages.education.rootsweb.com/~springport/fllt/june2.jpg http://freepages.education.rootsweb.com/~springport/fllt/june3.jpg http://freepages.education.rootsweb.com/~springport/fllt/june4.jpg http://freepages.education.rootsweb.com/~springport/fllt/june5.jpg http://freepages.education.rootsweb.com/~springport/fllt/june6.jpg
http://freepages.misc.rootsweb.com/~springport/traf1.jpg http://freepages.misc.rootsweb.com/~springport/traf2.jpg http://freepages.misc.rootsweb.com/~springport/traf3.jpg http://freepages.misc.rootsweb.com/~springport/traf4.jpg http://freepages.misc.rootsweb.com/~springport/traf5.jpg http://freepages.misc.rootsweb.com/~springport/traf6.jpg http://freepages.misc.rootsweb.com/~springport/traf7.jpg http://freepages.misc.rootsweb.com/~springport/traf8.jpg http://freepages.misc.rootsweb.com/~springport/traf9.jpg