The Notebooks of Rev James Hesselgrave Thompson

Speculum Gregis

The Notebooks of Rev James Hesselgrave Thompson

James Hesselgrave Thompson, vicar of Cradley WOR from 1856 to 1889, wrote two notebooks which he entitled “Speculum Gregis” (Latin: “A mirror to the flock”). These contain censuses of the inhabitants of the town; one complete in 1857 and one incomplete in 1863 (it is surmised that there was originally a third notebook completing the 1863 census, but if so, this is now lost). Entries consist of 5 columns

  1. Thompson's reference number for the household
  2. The surname of the head of the household
  3. Details of the male head of the household. This may include the christian name, occupation, church, status within his church, age, and occasionally other personal details (sometimes these are coded, usually by being written in greek letters, although the words themselves may be in english, latin or greek: eg ιδλε for “idle”, or μεθ [“drunk” in greek])
  4. Similar details of the female head of the household
  5. Details of other members of the household. The number of childen is given, then their name, age, month of birth, daytime occupation, school and/or church attended. Finally details of any other member of the household are listed.

Entries pertaining to people listed in these pages follow. The actual entries are highly abbreviated, and have been expanded for clarity.

1857

Tyes Lane
86HUGHESWilliam
Iron,
church seldom
Eliza
No church, ill
2: Mary Elizabeth, 4,
Sophia,2, unbaptised
A niece, Henrietta Adams, 12, scholar
Two Gates
181BEESLEYJohn
Matchets. church.
Son of Beesley of Blue Ball
Eliza
Church sometime
Daughter of Cox no 182
6: Simeon, 15, May, chains, school, night school.
Charles, 14, May, chains, school, night school.
Louisa, 11, Apr, home, school.
Fanny, 9, school, national school.
Lucy, 3, Mar.
Emma, 1, Nov.
182COXJames
Retired
Ann
Church, was pew
 
High Town
402FOWKESThomas
Chains.
31, Aug, no church, baptised by JHT
Rhoda
No church
1: Ann Sophia Phyllis, 1, June
Samuel Penright? alias Fowkes, 14, chains, no school, night school
Bloomer's Row
409COXThomas
Nailer.
New Connexion sacrament
Members of New Connexion more then 30 years
Sarah
New Connexion sacrament
4: Benjamin, 20, Oct, chains, no church.
Thomas, 14, Sep, nails, no church, night school.
Absalom, 12, Oct, chains, New Connexion school.
Matthew Henry, 7, March, New Connexion school, national school.
Colley Lane
421ACLIFTThomas
Nailer, 68
baptist sacrament,
plays bass viol at baptists 46 years
Mary
69, baptist sacrament
disaffected. She is sister to Ann Cox 2 Gates 182 & thinks baptists have 140 members
 
CLIFTLevi
Nailer
no church
Mary Ann
Chapel, seldom
daughter of 409
3: Neri, 3, Jan, New Connexion school, unbaptised.
Alfred, 3, New Connexion school, unbaptised.
Emily, 2, unbaptised.
High Town
430APOOLRichard
Coal,
no church
Elizabeth
No church
2; Joseph, 7, baptist.
Caroline, 3.
Her mother, Elizabeth Grove, church
High Street
432APOOLRichard
Coal,
no church
Elizabeth
No church
3; Joseph, 7, Jan, baptist school.
Caroline, 3, Dec.
Amelia Maria, 0, May.
Her mother, Elizabeth Grove, church
Back Lane
501BILLINGHAMEli
Corngreaves,
was New Connexion
sacrament
Jane 2: Janetta, 25. Jemima, 14.
2 Grandchildren, Elizabeth Davis, 6. Henry Davis 4.
502ADAMSHenry
Carpenter,
church seldom, pew
Elizabeth
No church or seldom
4: Joseph, 25, carpenter, no church
Lydia, 21, baptised by JHT, has Joseph, 2, Sep, unbaptised
Martha, 18, March, baptised by JHT.
Jane, 16, Nov, school, night school, baptised by JHT.
A grandson, James, 10, Feb, work, church, no school, night school
Butcher's Lane
572HEADGeorge
Shoes,
ranter sacrament, preacher
Jane
Ranter not sacrament
7: Timothy, 21, July, Corngreaves, ranter.
John, 19, Sep, puddler, church evenings.
George, 14, Aug, Corngreaves.
Jane, 11, June, home, ranter school.
Thomas, 9, Aug, national school, ranter school.
Francis,7, Dec, national school, ranter school.
Henry, 4, Nov, unbaptised.
John attends church with John Yates.
Vaughan's Fold
575BCOLEYWilliam
Labourer,
church twice
Mary
No church
5: Maria, 19, chains, ranter school.
Joseph, 16,Corngreaves, was ranter school, now church seldom.
Benjamin, 13, chains, was ranter school.
Phoebe, 10, June, nails, was ranter school, night school.
William, 7 no school, no clothes
Ash Bank
599BWALKERJoseph
Nailer,
no church, ignavus
Mary
Baptist sacrament
immersed 1857, bad knee.
3: Elizabeth, 5, Aug, Nurse.
Phoebe, 2, Jan.
Clara Crevella, 0, Mar, unbaptised.
Her mother Hannah Walker, 56, one eye.

1863

Two Gates (North Side)
216BEASLEYJohn
Matchets, Carter.
Church sometimes
Eliza
Church sometimes
7: Simeon, 21, chain, church.
Charles, 20, chain, church.
Louisa, 17, Apr, home, school.
Lucy, 9, Mar, school, school.
Emma, 7, Nov, school, school.
Caleb, 5, Feb, school, school.
Her mother, Ann Cox, widow, church, pew, sacrament.
Colley Lane (High Town)
365CLIFTLevi
Nail
No church or New Connexion
Mary Ann
Chapel, seldom
4: Neri, 11, Jan, nail, New Connexion school, unbaptised.
Alfred, 9, Mar, nurse, no school.
Emily, 8, Nov, nurse, New Connexion school.
Heber, 1, June, unbaptised.
His father Thomas Clift 74, baptist, was sacrament
High Town Top
393POOLRichard
Coal,
teaches ragged school,
was no church
Elizabeth
Teaches ragged school,
was no church
4: Joseph, 13, Mar, chain, ragged school.
Caroline, 9, Dec, ragged school, no school.
George, 4, Sep.
William, 3, Dec.
Richard, 1, Jan.
Her mother, Elizabeth Grove, ranter sacrament
Church Street Alley
437FOWKESThomas
Chain,
μεθ, no church
Rhoda
Cancer, no church
2: Ann, 7, June.
Elizabeth, 4, Mar.
, 0, April.
, 0, April.
no address given
1138WALKERJoseph
B Nail,
no church, ιδλε
Mary
Baptist sacrament
bad knee.
3: Elizabeth, 11, Aug, home, no school.
Phebe, 8, Jan, no school, no school.
His mother Hannah Walker, 61, blind.
1142FOWKESThomas
Chain,
μεθ, no church
Rhoda
No church
3: Ann, 7, June.
Elizabeth, 4, Mar.
Richard born July 1865.
Her mother Rosannah Walker, blind.
Note that the above two entries both seem to refer to the same woman under two similar names. Rhoda Fowkes née Walker was sister to Joseph Walker
WALKERJoseph Mary
Baptist
2: Elizabeth, 11, Aug, home, no school.
Phebe, 8, Jan, no school, no school.

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