Walke Family Scrapbook - Draft
                     W   A   L   K   E
                        F A M I L Y
                 C. W. Tazewell, Jr. (ed.)
                          1 9 8 2

                         D R A F T 

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More Scraping at the Ferry

                        C O N T E N T S
             (Page Numbers Refer to Printed Version)

             Preface  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  3

             Yeardley .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  4

             Thoroughgood   .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  7

             Thoroughgood Tercentenary  .  .  .  .  . 13

             Walke  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .   20

             Mason  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .   31

             Walke Genealogy .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .   32

             Lewis Walke Visit  .  .  .  .  .  .  .   37

             History of Newtown .  .  .  .  .  .  .   53

             Henry Walke Private Record     
                  Henry Walke Biography    

             Bibliography ("Coming")

                 P   R   E   F   A   C   E

     This  is another of the family "Scrapbooks," which also
cover the Tazewell, Littleton,  Parks,  Goode  and  Bradford
families.  My paternal grandmother was a member of the Walke

     It is an anthology and collection of information of all
kinds   on  the  Walke  Family  including  collateral  Walke
relatives and ancestral families.  Among these are Yeardley,
Thoroughgood,   Bacon,  Burwell,  Calvert,  Mason,  Moseley,
Colley, and Willoughby

                                Calvert Walke Tazewell

Virginia Beach, Va.
December 1982
Revised October 1988

                     YEARDLEY GENEALOGY

   Next of Kin to Sir George Yeardley, One of the Ablest
     and Most Popular of Virginia's Colonial Governors.
       (From The Richmond Times Dispatch, Nov. 8 1908)

     There  is  no  more  picturesque  figure  on  the early
American stage than Sir George Yeardley.  He was soldier  in
the  English  Army before he came to Virginia, having served
with the English forces in the  "Low Countries."  He was the
son  of  a merchant tailor and came to Virginia in 1609.  He
was elected Governor in 1618.  He was the first Governor  of
Virginia  who  had  been  a  planter  and  gained  practical
experience thereby of Virginia's resources.

     During the year of  his  elevation  to  the  office  of
Governor   of  Virginia  Sir  Walter  Raleigh  and  the  old
chieftain, Powhatan died.  Another occurrence of his  period
was  the  transportation  in  1619  of  the first Negroes to
Virginia, and George Yeardley summoned the first  assemblage
of  representatives  of the people ever held on the American
continent.  He was an intrepid Indian fighter, and from  the
moment of his accession to the governorship the real life of
Virginia began.

     He was knighted in 1618 and he married Temperance West,
who  had  come to Virginia in the Falcon a few months before
he husband came in the Deliverance the same year, 1610.

     So indelibly did Sir George Yeardley make an impression
upon  the  growth  and prosperity of Virginia, so courageous
and wise in administration was he, that an unusual  interest
centers upon his next of kin.  Who in Virginia now can claim
descent from George Yeardley?

     It is an easy matter to mention those  who  bear  today
the  surname  Yeardley, for there are none.  George Yeardley
had  three  children  -  Elizabeth,  Argall   and   Francis.
Elizabeth  Yeardley  was  the  girl of Jamestown, one of the
first Anglo-Saxon maidens mentioned.  If she  ever  married,
she  did not live in America, for no trace of any descendant
of hers can be found.

     Argall Yeardley (2), eldest son and heir of Sir  George
and  Lady Temperance, was born about 1621, and married about
1640, wife unknown.  She died  early  and  he  married  Anne
Custis  of  Rotterdam.  His children were Argall (3), Edmund
(3), Rose (3), Henry (3) and Francis  (3).    The  names  of
Edmund  and  Henry disappear from the records of the Eastern
Shore when they were mere boys.

     Argall (2) Yeardley was a member of the Council and was
appointed Commander of "Accomac," then comprising all of the
Eastern Shore.  His plantation was called Yeardley.

     Francis (2) Yeardley, youngest son of  Sir  George  and
Lady  Temperance  was  a brave soldier.  He and his brother,
Argall, were Royalists during the  parliamentary  struggles.
Francis (2) Yeardley was appointed captain of militia during
the Indian scare whne he was only twenty-one years old.   He
married  Sarah  Offley  of  London.   She first married Adam
Thoroughgood,  and  second  Captain  Gookin.    Francis  (2)
Yeardley  was  her  third husband.  They had no children, so
you see all descendants of Sir George Yeardley came  through
his  eldest  son, Argall, and only Argall (3), Rose (3), and
Frances (3) who married Colonel Adam  Thoroughgood,  son  of
Adam Thoroughgood and Sarah Offley.

     Argall  (3),  son and heir of Argall (2), married Sarah
Michael (daughter of John  Michael,  of  the  commission  of
Northampton  and  Elizabeth  Thoroughgood, his wife) and had
Argall (4) (Died young), John (1)  (died  young),  Elizabeth
(4) who married George Harmonson, Sarah (4) who married John
Powell,and Frances (4) who married John West.

     From  Elizabeth,  Sarah  and  Frances  come   all   the
descendants  of Argall (3) Yeardley.  The Yeardley name only
extnded to the third generation  --  the  line  only  exists
through George Yeardley's great-granddaughters.

     Benjamin  (6)  Harmonson  married  Elizabeth,  and  had
Katherine (7), who married ---- Justice;   Elisha  (7),  who
married  --- Kendall; Elizabeth (7), who married --- Kendall
also, and John (7) Kendall.

     George (?) Harmonson married Hannah and had Suzanna (7)
Harmonson,  born  in  1755,  who  married Dr. John Winder of
Somerset  County,  Maryland  in  1783,  and  had  John   (8)
Harmonson  Winder, who married Comfort Quinton Gore, and had
Lawretta (9);  Anne, who married Thomas Littleton Savage, no
children;  Charlotte  (9);  Louise,  who  married William P.
Nottingham, and had one child, Comfort  (10);  Quinton  Gore
Notttingham,  who married Robinson Nottingham, no issue; and
Susan (9) Comfort  Winder,  who  married  Dr.  Robert  Major
Garrett of Williamsburg.

     These  are the parents of the Garretts of Williamsburg,
who are tenth  in  descent  from  George  Yeardley,  Knight,
Governor of Virginia.

     "Yeardley"  was  the  seat  of  Argall  Yeardley on the
Eastern Shore.  It was kept in the family  for  generations,
and  old  furniture  and pictures from this estate now adorn
the beautiful home of the Garretts of Williamsburg.


                  *          *          *

     Flower de Hundred is another old place  on  the  river,
and no one seems able satisfactorily to explain the name.
     The first owner, Sir Geroge Yeardley, was that Governor
of  Virginia  who  called  and  presided over the first free
legislature that ever met  in  the  American  colonies,  the
Assembly  of 1619, held in the old church at Jamestown.  His
nephew, Edmund Rossingham, and John Jefferson,  ancestor  of
the   president,  represented  Flower  de  Hundred  in  this
Assembly. The Governor lived in Jamestown, but  in  1621  he
built  on  this  plantation  the  first windmill in America.
Here in 1622 six people were murdered by  the  Indians,  the
property  was  sold,  and  then  changed hands several times
until in 1725 it was purchased by Joseph Poythress  and  has
remained in the family ever since.
     The oldest part of the present  house  was  built  more
than  a hundred years ago by John Vaughn Wilcox, who married
the widow,  Susan  Peachy  Poythress.    This  was  a  small
building  of but three rooms, and was used by Wilcox when he
came to superintend the planting  of  the  land.    His  son
finished  the  present  building.    In   June 1864, General
Grant, on his march to Petersburg, crossed the  river  here.
His   men   did  much  damage  to  the  old  house,  hacking
magnificent mahogany  woodwork  and  furniture,  tearing  up
floors and smashing marble.

From Historic Houses of Early America, by Elise Lathrop. NY:
Tudor Publishing Co., 1941.

     FLOWERDEW  HUNDRED  WINDMILL --Located off Route 110 in
Prince George County.  The 18th century  style  windmill  at
Flowerdew Hundred Plantation was designed and constructed by
a well-known English millwright.  Located  on  a  hill  just
above  the site of the 1621 windmill, like its ancestor, the
new windmill is a post mill.  The two wooden gears fixed  to
a windshaft drive two pairs of millstones which grind wheat,
corn, barley and oats.  Archeological investigations of  the
early 17th century English settlement are in progress on the
property.  Mr. and Mrs.  David  A.  Harriison,  owners.    A
Virginia Historic Landmark and National Historic Landmark.

                     T H O R O G O O D

     Captain Adam Thorogood was the son of William  and  Ann
Edwards Thorogood.  He married Saeah, the daughter of Robert
and Anne (Osborne) Offley  April  16,  1609.,  and  died  in
Virginia in 1645.

     Their  son, Lieut. Col., Adam Thorogood (Burgess 1666),
married Frances Yeardley, youngest daughter of  Col.  Argall
Yeardley (Burgess 1666).

     Their  son,  John  Thorogood,  married Margaret Lawson,
daughter  of  Col.  Anthony  Lawson,  and  married   second,
Margaret Sayer.

     John  Thorogood,  son  of  John  Thorogood and Margaret
Lawson (died 1719), married  Pembroke  Fowler,  daughter  of
George Fowler and Mary Sidney.

     Their  daughter,  Margaret  Thorogood,  married  Thomas

     Margaret Walke, daughter of Thomas Walke  and  Margaret
Thorogood  Walke,  married John Calvert, son of the emigrant
Cornelius Calvert.

     Thomas Walke, the first of the name in  Virginia,  came
to  Lower  Norfolk  County from Barbadoes.  In 1662 a patent
for 300 acres of land was  granted  him  by  the  Provincial
Governor,  Lord  Howard  of  Effingham,  and  is  now in the
possession of his descendants in Chillicothe, Ohio.  In  the
State  Land  Registry  Office we find the following:  Thomas
Walke, 195 acres on  the  south  side  of  Elizabeth  River,
Norfolk  county,  granted  by  Sir  Edmond Andros, April 29,
1693, Book No. 8, page 308.  He was Justice  of  the  county

(Source not known)


Calvert  Walke  Tazewell,  John  Parks  Tazewell  and Sophie
Tazewell Hawkes are the children of:

Calvert Walke Tazewell (1888-1962) and  Sophie  Parks  Goode
(1890-1976).  He was the son of:

Littleton  Waller  Tazewell  (Bradford) (1848-1918) and Mary
Louisa Walke (1856-1923).  She was the daughter of:

Richard Walke (1812-c1871) and Mary  Diana  Talbot  (-1839).
He was the son of:

William  Walke  (1786-1882)  and Elizabeth Nash (-1850).  He
was the son of:

William Walke (1762-1795) and Mary Calvert (-1798).  He  was
the son of:

Anthony  Walke (1726-1782) and Mary Moseley (-1795).  He was
the son of:

Anthony Walke (1692-1768) and Anna  Lee  Armistead  (-1732).
He was the son of:

Thomas  Walke  (-1693/4) and Mary Lawson.  He emigrated from
Barbadoes in 1662.

                  *           *          *

Mary Calvert was the daughter of:

Cornelius  Calvert (1725-1804/5) and Elizabeth Thoroughgood.
He was the son of:

Cornelius Calvert (-1747) and Mary Saunders.

                  *          *          *

Elizabeth Thoroughgood was the daughter of:

John Thoroughgood (-1757) and Elzabeth Mason.   He  was  the
son of:

John  Thoroughgood  (-1718)  and Pembroke Sayer.  He was the
son of:

John Thoroughgood (-1701) and Margaret Lawson.  He  was  the
son of:

Adam Thoroughgood and Frances Yeardley.  He was the son of:

Adam  Thoroughgood  (1602-1640) and Sarah Offley (bap. 1609,
d. 1657).  He was the son of:

Rev. William Thoroughgood and Anne Edwards.  He was the  son

John Thoroughgood and ? Luckin.  He was the son of:

John Thoroughgood and ?.  He was the son of:

Thomas Thoroughgood and ?.  He was the son of:

John Thoroughgood and ?.

                  *          *          *

Frances Yeardley was the daughter of:

Argoll Yeardley and Ann Custis.  He was the son of:

Sir George Yeardley (1589-1627)  and  Temperance  Flowerdieu
(1587-  ).    He  was  the  son  of Ralph Yeardley and Rhoda
Marston.  He emigrated to Virginia  in  May  1610,  and  was
governor 1616-1627.

(From "Tazewell Genealogy" by C. W. Tazewell, Sr., and other

     In History of Lower Tidewater Virginia Rogers  Dey
Whichard writes a brief account of the first two generations
of Thoroughgood descendants and the interesting  seventeenth
century  house  which  bears  the  Thoroughgood  name.  Adam
Thoroughgood died in 1640, at the age  of  thirty-five,  and
his  will  was  probated  on  April 27, 1640, in the Quarter
Court at James City instead of in the inferior Lower Norfolk
County  Court as was customary.  This raises a point that he
may  have  died  in  Jamestown  while  attending  a  Council
session.    In  view  of his importance as a Council member,
probate in the Quarter Court (which was the  Council)  would
have  been perfectly natural.  Sarah Thoroughgood, his wife,
was named executrix in his will and inherited,  among  other
things,  the  Manor House Plantation for life.  His son Adam
inherited the rest of  his  father's  houses  and  lands  in
Virginia.    The Manor House Plantation was to go to his son
Adam  on  the  death  of  Sarah.    Adam  Thoroughgood  also
bequeathed  1,000  pounds of tobacco to the Lynnhaven Parish
Church to buy "some necessary  and  decent  ornaments,"  and
directed that he be buried in the churchyard at Church Point
beside some of his children already interred there.  Captain
Thomas  Willoughby  and  Henry  Sewell  were  designated  as
"overseers" of the execution of his will in Virgina.
     Sarah Thoroughgood already had remarried prior to April
15, 1641.  The widow's new husband was Captain John  Gookin,
the son of Daniel Gookin of the plantation at Marie's Mount,
near Newport News.  Probably was a result of having  married
the influential widow, Captain Gookin assumed positionin the
comunity and soon became commander and presiding justice  of
Lower  Norfolk  County.  Gookin died in 1643.  His widow was
appointed administratrix of his estate.  However, the  widow
Sarah  apparently  was  not  inconsolable  for very long; in
1647, she married  Colonel  Francis  Yeardley,  son  of  the
former  Governor.  Although  Colonel  Yeardley had extensive
land holdings on  the  Eastern  Shore,  he,  like  the  late
Captain  Gookin,  came to reside at the Thoroughgood's Manor
House Plantation with Sarah.
     Sara's  eldest  son, Adam Thoroughgood found himself in
the midst of a complicated family  relationship.    When  he
reached manhood about 1646, he married Frances, the daughter
of Argoll Yeardley and granddaughter of the former  colonial
governor,  Sir  George  Yeardley.    His  stepfather Colonel
Francis Yeardley was his wife's  uncle.    Colonel  Yeardley
died  in  1655,  and  two  years  later in August, 1657, the
thrice-widowed  Sarah  died.     At   her   death   Mistress
Thoroughgood  Gookin  Yeardley requested that  she be buried
next to her second hiusband Captain John Gookin.   She  also
requested  that her best diamond necklace be sold in England
to pay for six diamond rings [probably mourning  rings]  and
two  black  tombstones as was indicated in a receipt for and
agreement to sell the necklace executed by  Nicholas  Trott,
merchant  on  February  1, 1658.  Her armorial tombstone was
still visible at Church Point  as  late  as  1819  when  its
inscription was published in a Richmond newspaper.
     Many stories are told about Mistress Sarah.  It is said
that  at  a  Lower  Noroflk Court held at William Shipp's on
August 3, 1640, the wife of a vestryman made  insuations  as
to  sharp busienss practices on the part of the late Captain
Thoroughgood, at which  the  widow  Sarah  exclaimed,  "Why,
Goody  Layton,  could  you never get yours?" (referring to a
cancelled note which had been paid.)  Goody Layton  flounced
around  and cried, "Pish!"  To which Mistress Sarah replied,
"You must not think to put off with a  `pish!'  for  if  you
have  wronged  him  you must answer for it, for though he is
dead I am here in his behalf to right him."    Goody  Layton
was ordered by the court to ask Mistress Sarah's forgiveness
on her knees, both in court and the following Sunday in  the
Parish  Church at Lynnhaven.  Four years later on October 8,
1644, two excessively exuberant  young  men  were  tried  in
Quarter  Court  at  James  City for making insulting remarks
concerning the late Captain's daugher, Sarah.  One  of  them
was  sentenced  to receive fifty lashes on his bare back and
to ask forgiveness of  the  widow  Sarah  in  the  Lynnhaven
Parish Church, as well as pay her court costs.
     Meantime, Sarah's son, Adam Thoroughgood, who  came  to
be known as "Colonel," had raised quite a family of his own:
Argoll, John, Adam III, Francis, Robert and Rose.   Upon his
mother's  death  in  1657, he finally came into his complete
inheritance and undoubtably moved his large family into  the
Manor  House Plantation which his mother Sarah had occupied.
The house, in which he had lived  since  his  marriage,  may
well  have  been  the Adam Thoroughgood House still standing
today.  Whe the "Colonel" made his will in 1679, he provided
for  his  wife,  as  his father had done, by leaving her the
Manor Hopuse Plantation and 600 acres for life.    Upon  her
death the plantation wuld go to his eldest son, Argoll.  The
remainder of his land and houses were to be divided in equal
parts, one for each of the sons according to their choice in
order of seniority.    Colonel  Adam  Thoroughgood  died  in
     The Manor House Plantation, built by Adam  Thoroughgood
--by  1639  --  and  inherited  by  his  son Adam and by the
latters eldest son Argoll,  is  not  the  present  day  Adam
Thoroughgood  House.    The  Thoroughgood House was probably
built by "Colonel" Adam Thoroughgood  at  the  time  of  his
marriage,  about  1646 or en later.  He probably lived there
while  waiting  to  take  possesion  of  the   Manor   House
Plantation   after  his  mother  Sarah  Thoroughgood  Gookin
Yeardley  died.    Similarly,  Argoll  Thoroughgod  did  not
inherit   the  Manor  House  Plantation  until  his  mother,
Frances, died.    Once  Argoll  inherited  the  Manor  House
Plantation,  his  former  residence,  the  Adam Thoroughgood
House, was chosen by his younger brother, John.
     It   is   difficult  to  say  just  when  the  existing
Thoroughgood House was built.  Many researchers  have  dated
it  btween  1636-40  on the assumption that it was the Manor
House. However, Dr. Whichard states that it is  clearly  not
the  Manor  House  and  a more accurate date would be around
1660 or earlier.  The east front wall and both gables of the
present   day   Thoroughgood   House  are  of  English  bond
construction while the west wall is of Flemish  bond,  which
points  to  a  date  around  the  1660's.  The west wall was
probably remodleled or reconstructed at a  later  date.    A
brick  in the west wall bears the inscription "Ad.T.," which
tends to indicate that the remodeling was  done  by  Colonel
Adam  Thoroughgood.   The use of the above initials, instead
of simply "A.T.," was probably used to  distinguish  between
Adam and Argoll Thoroughgood.  The house was acquired by the
Adam Thoroughgood House Foundation,  headed  by  Henry  Clay
Hofheimer II, and was restored under the direction of Finlay
F. Ferguson, Jr.,  an  architect  formerly  associated  with
Colonial Williamsburg, Incorporated.  An interesting feature
uncovered during the restoration was the  medieval  type  of
leaded   diamond-panel   casement  windows  which  had  been
replaced by Georgian frames.  Another  medieval  feature  of
the  house was the lack of a central hall: the entrance went
directly into the larger of the two downstairs rooms.    The
addition  of a partition parallel to the original inner wall
remodeled the downstairs into two equal size rooms,  with  a
central hall between.

From The Beach

             1621                         1921
                  An Address Delivered By
     Rt. Rev. Beverly Dandridge Tucker, D. D., L. L. D.
         Bishop of the Diocese of Southern Virginia
At the Thoroughgood House, Old Lynnhaven Farms, April, 1921

     I  was  staying,  a  few  years  ago, at the Deanery of
Westminster Abbey.  Sitting in the library of that wonderful
old house, whose associations are interwoven with so much of
English history, I asked my good friend, the Dean, "How  old
is  the  Deanery?"    And  he  answered,  "This room is very
modern, it only goes back to the time of Elizabeth."
     WHat  is  modern  in England may belong to antiquity in
America.  And so we cannot help feeling, as we come to  this
house,  simple  in  comparison  with  the  stately  homes of
England, yet in its line and structure taking us back to the
homes  of  our fathers beyond the seas, that we are in touch
with all the past of Virginia,  whose  first  settlement  we
commemorate this morning.
     How long this house has stood we cannot  exactly  tell.
It is just three hundred years ago, this year, that one Adam
Thoroughgood, a youth of eighteen years, came as a gentleman
adventurer  in  the  Ship  Charles  to this extension of old
     He  was  the son of William Thoroughgood, commissary of
the Bishop of Norwich and the great, great grandson of  John
Thooughgood  of  Chelston  Temple  in  Hertfordshire.    His
brother was Sir John Thoroughgood, knighted by  Charles  the
First, and a gentleman in waiting of Charles the Second.
     The young Adam settled  first  in  Kicoctan,  which  is
Hampton,  where  he  patented two hundred acres of land.  In
1634 he moved to Lynnhaven Bay, and it was probably  shortly
aftrwards  that this house was built.  He acquired by patent
5250 acres, bounded on the north by Chesapeake Bay  (in  the
present  Princess  Anne  County),  "granted  unto him at the
especial recommendation of him  from  their  Lordshipps  and
others  of  His  Ma'ties most Hon'ble privie Counsell to the
Governor and Counsell of the State of Virginia and also  due
for  the  importation  of one hundred and five persons."  It
was this procuring the immigration  of  a  large  number  of
desirable  additions  to  the  population of the colony that
gave to Adam Thoroughgood his leading position in  Virginia.
Among  the  names of the new colonists are Augustine Warner,
who  built  Warner  Hall  in  Gloucester,  Adam  and  Thomas
Thoroughgood,   Kinsmen,  Francis  Newton,  Thomas  Keeling,
William  Atkins,  Edward  Parish,  James   Willson,   George
Whitehead and Daniel Hatton.
     The ships which brought them were The Hopewell,  which
gave  the  name  of the estate by City Point; The Merchant's
Hope, which is the name of the  church  in  Prince  George's
built  about  1660;  The Truelove, The Hope, The Africa, The
Cristopher  and  Mary,   The   Ark,   The   Middleton,   The
Bonadventure, The William and Dorothy, The John and Dorothy.
     The "importation " by Adam  Thoroughgood  of  Augustine
Warner gave to America and the world, George Washington, who
was his great, great grandson, and Robert E.  Lee,  a  later

     Two lustrous names which linked together
     As priceless jewels linked by virgin gold,--
     Two stars that blend in one transcendant
     To deck the firmament of fame,--and hold
     The torch to light the path, which they must
     Who would unveiled the face of glory see,--
     For high we find, on scrolls of noblest dead,
     Virginia's sons, her Washington and Lee!
     He  was Commissioner and Burgess again in 1630.  He was
a member of the Council in 1637, and  Presiding  Justice  of
the  County  Court  of  Lower Norfolk.  He became before his
death in 1640 the leading citizen of Lower Norfolk, which is
now Princess Anne.
     He left, besides his widow, one son,  Adam,  and  three
daughters, Ann, Sarah and Elizabeth.
     The widow was not inconsolable, for in less than a year
she  married  Captain  John  Gookin,  a  Burgess,  and later
Colonel Francis Yeardley.
     In  1641,  an inventory of the things reserved for Mrs.
Thoroughood's chamber was presented in court.  She evidently
wanted  what  Adam  Thoroughgood  had left her.  Here is the
inventry: Imprimis, one bed,  with  blankets,  rug  and  the
furniture  thereunto,  two pairs of sheets and pillow cases;
one table with carpet, table cloths and napkins, and  knives
and  forks,  two  (illegible),  one  linen,  one woolen, two
chairs, six stools, six pictures hanging in the chamber, one
pewter basin and ewer, one warming pan, one pair of andirons
in the chimney, one pair of tongs, one chair of wicker for a
child. Plate for the cupboard, one saltcellar, one bowl, one
tankard, one wine cup, one dozen spoons, (which I claim as a
gift exprest in the inventory).
     The above mentioned are conceived to be a fit allowance
for  furnishing  Mrs. Gookin's chamber, the said Mrs. Gookin
being the relict and widow  of  Captain  Adam  Thoroughgood,
     The inventory is witnessed by Richard Lee.
     The  widow  not  only held on to "the things" that were
coming to her,  but  when  she  died  she  claimed  all  her
husbands.    Her epitaph is on the tomb in the old Lynnhaven
churchyard, now under water.  It is as follows:

          Here lieth ye the body  of  Captain
     John  Gookin  and  also  ye body of Mrs.
     Sarah Yeardley,  who  was  the  wife  to
     Capt.  Adam  Thoroughgood  first,  Capt.
     John   Gookin   &   Collonell    Francis
     Yeardley, who deceased August 1657."

     Adam Thoroughgood, a son of the first marriage, married
Frances,  daughter of Argall Yeardley of Northampton, son of
Sir George Yeardley.  Their son, Argall married Ann  Church.
Their  son  Argall, Jr., married Elizabeth Keeling and their
daughter,  Elizabeth,  married  James  Nimmo,  of  Shenstone
Green,  not  far  from here, and their son, William, married
Elizabeth, daughter of  William  Nimmo,  also  of  Shenstone
Green.  The other children of Adam Thoroughgood were:
     Colonel John, Justice of  Princess  Anne,  who  married
Margaret Lawson.  They had two children, Anthony and John.
     Colonel Adam, Justice and  Burgess,  who  married  Mary
     Robert,  William,  Francis.    There   are   not   many
descendants  who bear the Thoroughgood name, but most of the
families in Princess Anne and many in Norfolk trace back  to
this  first  leading  citizen  in what was Lower Norfolk, in
whose home we have gathered today, by the kindly courtesy of
the   present   owners,  who  have  done  so  much  for  its
     We  do  honour  to  this man who came to Virginia three
centuries ago, in order to help transplant  the  traditions,
the  ideals  and  the  religion  of  old England in this new
world,  not  because  he  stands  out  as  a  man  of   high
achievement.    It may be noted, however, that though he was
only thirty-eight when he died, his name and his memory have
come  down  through the three centuries of American history.
He lived here, in this house and in this region, the  simple
life  of  a  plain English gentleman.  He stands rather as a
type of those first colonists, whose children have helped to
make America what it is today.
     They  came,  those  pioneer  Virginians,  not  as   the
Pilgrims   came   to   Plymouth   Rock,   as  refugees  from
persecution, but as men who were proud to  bring  with  them
the  full heritage of their home beyond the seas.  They were
the children of the men of the spacious times of  the  great
     Their mothers had told them  the  story  of  the  great
Armada.    Raleigh  and  Sydney  and  Drake and Sir Humphrey
Gilbert were household names to them.  Shakespeare and  rare
Ben  Johnson  and Marlow and Spencer and Bacon were in their
     Above all they brought with them that open Word of God,
in a tongue understood by the people, which  had  been  made
possible  by  the  blood  of  the  martyrs of Smithfield and
Canterbury.    They  tried  to  shape  their  lives  by  its
teachings  and  by  that Book of Common Prayer, which voiced
their devotions  in  the  churches  which  they  built  (the
stateliest  house  in every community) as it had done in the
old parish churches of their fathers.
     They  were  neither  ashamed  of their religion, nor of
their country.  Virginia to them was not a New England,  but
a part of old England.  They still called it home beyond the
seas, and were loyal to Church and to King.
     They  had the faults and the virtues of their times and
their race.  There was  no  eighteenth  amendment  in  those
days,  as  the  inventories  of cargoes proved.  They had in
common with England and New England, their  strange  belated
superstitions, their belief in witchcraft, which belonged to
the age, as was evidenced in the trial of Grace Sherwood  at
Witchduck,  near  this place.  They had stern ideas, brought
down from the  middle  ages,  of  justice  and  of  vigorous
punishments  which  amaze  us.  But they had a high sense of
honour, a love for their  country,  a  fear  of  God  and  a
reverence for His Word.  They were men who stood upright and
who never quailed, who had learned from their sires:

     "To ride hard, to shoot  straight,  and  to  speak  the

     Those were days of autocratic government.  The colonial
history of Virginia is a  story,  with  few  exceptions,  of
tyrannical rule of men like Dale and Gates, and Berkeley and
Botetourt and Dunmore.  But these  men  who  came  first  to
Virginia  brought  with  them  that English love of liberty,
which has asserted itself  in  every  century  of  England's
story.   They looked back to Runnymeade and hear the trumpet
tone of Magna Cata, which found  expression  again  in  that
first  representative assembly in America, which met in 1619
in the old Church at Jamestown under  Sir  George  Yeardley,
himself  a  lover  a  freedom.  It was heard by Bacon and by
Hansford, and agin and again, until at last Henry's  silvery
tongue  and  Jefferson's  matchelss  pen,  and  Washington's
stainless sword gave the realization of that haunting  dream
of  freedom,  which  had  been  in  the  hearts  of  all the
generations of the English race.  The blood of those men who
boldly  crossed  the  seas  in those little barks, The Susan
Constant, The Goodspeed, The Discovery, the spirit of  those
men  who  were  adventurers  for truth and for liberty, have
been in the veins and the hearts of the  Virginians  of  all
the  years.    They  inspiored  the men who followed Lee and
Jackson and Stuart, they fired the souls of  our  sons,  who
stood  at  their  posts  here in obediance to orders, or who
crossed the seas their sires had crossed,  that  they  might
strive  to give to the world the boon of that freedom, which
has made England and America what they are.
     A race is not made in a day.  The English stock has its
roots in  the  long  past.    Into  the  fashioning  of  the
characters  of our sons and daughters there enter the subtle
tradition of the generations that are gone.  The children of
such  a man as Adam Thoroughgood and of those who came after
him had a goodley heritage, which should not  be  forgotten.
We  do  not  belong  to  one generation alone--into bone and
sinew, into heart, and mind  and  soul  are  interwoven  the
influences,  subtle  but real, of the men and women who have
gone before.
     We  speak  of pure stock.  But there are many blends of
the typical Virginian of today--thank God.   If  we  go  far
back,  we are Saxon with Harold, and Norman with William and
Scotch with William Bruce.   There  are  in  our  veins  the
knightly  blood  of  the  Crusaders,  the  chivilry  and the
loyalty of the Cavalier, the consecration to  duty  and  the
unflinching  spirit  of  the  Puritan,--and  a strain of the
Huguenot blood, whose daring for the truth  is  pictured  by
Millais,  when on the eve of St. Bartholomew, the young hero
tears from his arm the badge which would have marked him  as
a traitor to his cause, as he says to the fair maiden at his

     "I had not loved thee, dear so much
     Loved I not honour more."
     God and  country!--this  is  the  shibboleth  that  has
marked  the English race.  It is only as we shall be true to
them--to God as well as to country, loyal to all the past of
the  English  story,  that we will keep the leadership among
the nations of the world which is within our reach.
     This  house  of  Adam Thoroughood, humble though it be,
has stood the strain and stress  of  time.    It  and  Bacon
Castle  are forerunners of those old Virginia homes, Brandon
and Shirley, Westover and Rosewell, Wakefield and Stratford,
Mount  Airy  and  Sabine  Hall, Audley and Mount Vernon, but
also of the simpler homes, in the valleys, on  the  mountain
sides  and  by  the  sea, of the men and women who have been
trained to serve their country and their God.
     The  Virginians  are  not  descendants  of  princes and
dukes, but of simple Englishmen, squire and  yoeman  of  the
same  sturdy,  heroic  type.   I, myself, have known men and
women, who came from the log cabins of our mountains,  where
illiteracy  and  isolation  have  robbed the people of their
heritage, who in response to a changed environment  and  the
advantages of education prove that they are heirs to all the
past.  They, too, trace back to the Isle of Thanet  and  are
kinsmen  of  the  men  who  have showed themselves worthy of
victory, at Poitiers and Cressy, at Yorktown  and  Waterloo,
at  Manassas  and  at Chancellorsville, in the Argonne or at
Verdun; or equal to defeat, when all was lost save honor  at
Hastings or at Appomattox.
     It is not pride of ancestry.  There is the story  of  a
Virginian whose son was going away, and who said to him, "My
son, it is not necessary for you to say, I am from Virginia;
if  it  is a Virginian, he will know it, if he is not, it is
not  a  kindly  or  generous   thing   to   mortify   anyone
     That is not the true Virginia spirit.  It is the spirit
of  gratitude to God for a lineage, which brings no blush of
shame,  but  leads  us  to  look  back  for   idealism   and
inspiration,  in the paths of duty, to those who have blazed
the way, a spirit which calls us not to boastfulness, but to
the realization that noblesse oblige.

     "The knightiest of the knightly race,
          Who, since the days of old,
     Have kept the lamp of chivilry
          Alight in hearts of gold;
     The kindliest of the kindly band
          Who rarely hated ease,
     Who rode with Spottswood round the land
          And Raleigh round the seas!
     Who climbed the blue Virginia hills,
          Amid embattled foes,
     And planted there, in valleys fair,
          The lily and the rose,
     Whose fragrance lives in many lands,
          Whose beauty stars the earth,
     And lights the hearths of many homes
          With loveliness and worth.
     We thought they slept! The sons who kept
          The names of noble sires,
     And slumbered while darkness crept
          Around their vigil fires!
     But still the Golden Horseshoe Kings,
          Their Old Dominion keep,
     Whose foes have found enchanted ground,
          But not aknight asleep."
     I have in my  library  a  volume  of  Spencer's  Fairie
Queen.    The  dedication  is  to  Elizabeth, Queen of Great
Britain, Scotland, Ireland, France and Virginia.  It  is  to
this  share  in  England's  glory that gave the motto to the
shield of the Old Dominion:

     En dat Virginia quintum--

     Lo!  Virginia gives a fifth.

     The world knows what she has given top all high  causes
since that first planting in 1607.

     "To sons of a race stouthearted,
     Whom God had meant to be free,
     She gave a new home--where open
     The gates of the restless sea.
     A home where the English virtues
     Transplanted might seem as fair,
     In soil that was still uncrowded,
     In pure and untainted air.
     Where Liberty, seed long dormant
     Could blossom and bud and bear."
Printed as a pamphlet by Eugene L.  Graves,  Inc.,  Norfolk,
Va.; reprinted in The Tidewater Trail, September, 1941.


The History of Eastern Shore Chapel. Louisa Kyle

The  Virginia  Beach  Sun,  Aug.   3,   1988,   "Anniversary
Celebration  of  Ratification," p. 4, Photo Feature at Upper
Wolf Snare.  (Among many photos is one of Dr. John T.  Walke
and  one  of  two  Walke  family portraits he donated to the
Princess Anne Virginia Beach Historical Society.)

Return To Wolf Snare, Television Presentation, 1988, City of
Virginia  Beach Public Information Office. (Enacted at Upper
Wolf Snare in  and  outside;  roles  played  of  Thomas  and
Anthony   Walke;   commemorating   ratification   of  U.  S.

Virginia Historical Magazine,  "Families  of  Lower  Norfolk
County  and  Princess  Anne  Counties, Walke Family of Lower
Norfolk County, Virginia, p. 139-153.

Walter, Alice Granberry.   17th  Century  Families  of  John
Martin  and  Thomas  Keeling  of  Lower Norfolk County, Va.,
etc., 1974  (Willoughby)

Walter, Alice Granberry. The Thomas Walke Family of Princess
Anne County.

Walter,  Alice  Granberry.  "The Four Marriages of Mary Anne
Thorowgood to . . . ", 1975

     The  oldest  and  most  consecutive  series  of  family
portraits known to us in Virginia belong to the heirs of the
late  Burwell  B. Mosely of Norfolk, Va.  They reach back to
the days of the Protectorate.
     The  portraits  of  the  Newtons of Norfolk, painted by
Duiand, run back to 1713.  They are in possession  of  their
worthy descendant, Tazewell Taylor.
     The  Mosely  and  Newton  portraits  embrace  a  larger
continuous  period  than  any  collection we can now call to
     The  Wrights,  the  Balfours  and  the Walkes portraits
present a field of observation to the 18th century.

          ****     ****     ****     ****     ****

     George Newton I married Francis Mason, daughter of Col.
lemual Mason.
     George  Newton  II  appointed  Town  Clerk  1780,  when
Norfolk was incorporated, Later Justice.
     George  Newton  II  was educated in Lancaster, England.
(Jonas Lawson attended the same school.)
     1.   Elizabeth,  married Thomas Walke
     2.   Mollie        "     James Murdaugh
     3.   Fanny Wright  "     Mr. Wescott
     4.   Margaret (Peggy) "  John Calvert
     5.   Nannie        "     Thomas Willoughby

          ****     ****     ****     ****     ****

     Children of Charles Hansford Shield and Susan Walke:
     Ann         married Rev. Robert McCandlish of Norfolk.
     Issue:  Charles  Shield,  Upton  Beale, Robert Coleman,
             Anne Walke, Mary Peters.
     Issue:  William Francis
     Issue:  Howard Shield, William Walke Shield

                      FAMILY TRADITION

Copied from marginal note on Ancestral Records &  Portraits,
Chapter 1, Colonial Dames

     In an old letter written by Mrs. Emma (Blow) Blacknall,
wife of Dr. George Blacknall, U.S.N. to Miss Imogen  Barron,
her  cousin,  she  states  that  their great aunt, Mrs. Mary
Wright Warren, was named for Mary Mason, adopted daughter of
Lemuel  Mason,  a white child found among the North Carolina
Indians, supposed to be the child of Virginia Dare,  of  the
ill-fated  colony  at  Roanoke.   She married Matther Phripp
(wife, Mary Mason).  He was the father of John Phripp, Mayor
of Norfolk.

     The Trevethians (also spelt

(From Blow family papers at the Boush-Waller-Tazewell House)


    The very name Wolf Snare stirs the imagination,  but  it
was  not  used  for this house until it was purchased by the
late State Senator James H. Barron and  his  wife  in  1939.
Prior  to  this  it was designated in deeds and wills as The
Old Walke place  or  Brickhouse  Farm.    Upper  Wolf  Snare
dsitinguishes  it  from  another  old  house  a  mile to the
northwest, which was built before 1750  and  has  long  been
known  as  Wolf  Snare Plantation.  Both of these old houses
get their names from the creek on which they are located.
     The  known  history of the area around Wolf Snare Creek
goes back to the 17th century.  As early as 1651, am  Ensign
Thomas  Keeling  papented  700  acres  of land on Olover Van
Hick's Creek.  The Keelings must have renamed  it,  for  two
generations later, in a will, reference is made to the creek
as "Wolfes Snare.'  This creek which flows west  across  the
lower  end  of  present  day  Great Neck, enters the Eastern
Branch of the Lynnhaven River just north of the  village  of
London  Bridge.    The name London Bridge has also been used
since the late 1600's.  This area is now known as Great Neck
and  including  Oceana  Air  Station was kbnown prior to the
revolution as the Lower Eastern Shore precinct  of  Princess
Anne County.
     The earliest settlers of  this  part  of  Virginia  had
Indians  as well as packs of wolves to endanger their lives.
The wolves also killed precious livestock brought over  from
England.    To snare a wolf deep pits were dug, covered with
twigs and branches and leaves.  The traps  were  baited  and
the  weight  of the wolf caused him to fall into the pit and
be captured.  A bounty was  given  for  all  wolves  killed.
Long  after  there  was no danger from wolves in the area of
Wolf Snare Creek, the deep pits remained and  were  seen  as
late as the beginning of this century.
     Wolf Snare Creek was an  important  waterway  in  times
past.   Today one sees it filled with marsh grass, but trees
alon the edge mark its original boundaries.  The  cReek  has
two  branches;  one  leads  up to present dat First Colonial
Road and the other flows south, around the  neighborhood  of
Point of Woods up to the Virginia beach Boulevard.  Prior to
the building of the Expressway to Norfolk,  the  Creek  went
almost to Upper Wolf Snare Plantation House.
     In the last years of the seventeenth century, there was
a  settlement  on  the  north  branch  of Wolfe Snare Creek.
Here, prior to  1689  was  built  the  first  Eastern  Shore
Chapel,  a secondary courthouse for Lower Norfolk County and
a Presbyterian Meetinghouse.
     Before 1714, 600 acres at the mouth of Wolf Snare Creek
was sold by Capt. Adam Keeling to John Pallet.  The  Pallets
build  a  tradimg  post, known as Pallet's Landing where the
creek enters the Lynnhaven River.  It was possible, due to a
deeper Lynnhaven River in those days, for ships from England
and the West Indes, to bring cargo to Pallet's  Landing  and
to  reload  their  ships with tobacco, tar and other exports
from the colony.  John Pallet built his Wolf Snare Platation
House in 1750, on the south shore of the creek.
     Upper Wolf Snare located up  the  creek  from  Pallet's
house  was  built  in  1759.  The Walke family who built the
beautiful Georgian brick house were very prominent  in  this
part  of  the  colony.  The first Thomas Walke came to Lower
Norfolk County from the island of Barbadoes in 1662.  He was
granted  land on the south side of the eastern branch of the
Elizabeth River.  He acquired more land south of the present
day  village  of Kempsville and was a mariner, building up a
fleet of ships that carried on trade with  England  and  the
West  Indies.    He  remained  a bachelor until 1689 when he
married Mary Lawson, the daughter of Col. Anthony Lawson  of
Lawson  Hall.    By  this time Thomas Walke has made quite a
name for himself as a member of the House of  Burgesses  and
was  commissioned  a  colonel by the Governor.  Thomas Walke
lived only four years after  his  marriage  but  left  three
children,  Thomas, Anthony and Mary.  His will leaves Thomas
Walke  II  the  house  where  he  was  living  and  Anthony,
theplanation  near  Kempsville.    Here  Anthony Walke built
Fairfield, one of the most beautiful homes in Princess  Anne
County.    Anthony  Walke's  descendants  lived at Fairfield
until it was destroyed by fire in 1865.
     Thomas  Walke's  children  were evidently raised by the
Lawsons; anyway, we find that Major Thomas Walke II acquired
land  in the Lower Shore Prescinct near London Bridge in the
early 1700's.  He married Mary Anne ? and had five daughters
and  one  son.    When  he  died in 1761, he devised "to son
Thomas Walke III, my plantation, lands and  houses  where  I
now  live  at  the  Eastern Shore."  From this it seems that
Thomas Walke II had already built a house before the present
Upper  Wolf Snare because in his will he leaves instructions
as to how the brick house begun in 1759 was to be  furnished
and finished.
     Fortunately, the house has remained in remarkedly  good
condition  for  more  than two hundred years.  The beautiful
hand carved wood panelling today attests to the taste of the
builder.    A  hall runs through the house; there is a large
and a small room on either side of the hall, upstairs  there
are  four  rooms  and  an  attic.    There is a large cellar
entered from outside the house.  The  chimney  of  the  east
side  is  triangular  in  shape,  giving  fireplaces oin the
corner of the house.
     Major  Thomas  Walke,  the builder of Upper Wolf Snare,
was prominent in Princess Anne County.  For years he  served
as Vestryman and Warden of Lynnhaven Parish.  He had much to
do with the designing and  nuilding  of  the  third  Eastern
Shore  Chapel, which stood less than a mile from his home on
land given by the Cornicks, from a part of  their  Salisbury
Plains  Plantation.  He was present when the newly completed
chapel was received from the builder.  Major Walke was  also
appointed  to  arrange  for  the  shipment  of the Communion
Silver for Eastern Shore Chapel which was made  in  England.
This  silver  bearing the date 1759 is now on exhibit at the
Norfolk Museum.
     Thomas  Walke  III  married  Elizabeth  ?.  They had no
children.  He was the owner of the  brick  house  after  his
father's  death  and  he  and  his wife lived on Wolfe Snare
Creek for 36 years.  He fought in the Revolutionary War  and
was  a Colonel.  He was also a vestryman of Lynnhaven Parish
and active in the county.  One canimage that Col.  and  Mrs.
Walke  entertained  ofterin their beautiful home.  With five
married suisters, there must have been a constant stream  of
visiting  nieces  and  nephews  and  cousins.    There  were
neighbors, the Jacob Hunters, living at Pallet's Wolf  Snare
Plantation,  the  Cornicks  at  Nearby Salisbury Plains, the
Woodhouses, Elligoods, Lovetts, Keelings and Lnads who  came
to  service at eastern Dhore Chapel.  The Walke's home faced
the main road that ran  from  Kempsville  to  Eastern  Dhore
Chapel  and then south to Pungo, so there was always contact
with travelers.  On the  Western  Branch  of  the  Lynnhaven
River,  near  Old  Donation  Church  were Walke cousins that
lived at Ferry Farm.
     Col.  Thoams  Walke  III  died in 1797.  In his will he
left his estate to his wife and to two of his sisters and at
their death to go to three nephews.  His will lists property
on  both  sides  of  the  road,  marsh  land,  slaves,  farm
equoipment  and  household furnishings and a mill that he is
buoilding on Wolfe Snare Creek.  Elizabeth Walke  must  have
lived on at the plantation for some years, for in 1822 there
is record of the property (1000 acres  of  land  and  house)
being  sold by trustees of the three nephews to Caleb Boush.
This frist sale was not completed, for  a  month  later  the
property was sold to John Cornick form $4,750.00
     The Walke Farm on Wolfe Snare Creek changed hands  many
times  between  1822  and  1964 when it was purchased by the
Commonwealth of Virginia to obtain  right  of  way  for  the
Norfolk-Virginia Beach Expressway.  The price that the state
paid for the house and 85 acres was $235,000 showing how the
value of property increases.
     The Commonwealth of Virginia planned to tear  down  the
house  at  Upper Wolfe Snare and to use the land on which it
stood for fill for the new expressway.   At  this  time  the
members  of  the  Prinsess Anne Historical Society, realizng
that one of the fine 18th  century  homes  in  the  city  of
Virginia  Beach was to be destroyed, began negotiations with
the highway department.  An agreement was  worked  to  trade
land on which the old house stood for an equal amunt of land
at another location that would supply sufficient fill.  Than
land  was  secured  by  the generosity of Mr. and Mrs. James
Sadler, and on March 22, 1966, the Commonwealth of  Virginia
deeded   the  Old  Walke  house  and  (the)  acres  of  land
surrounding it, to the  Princess  Snne  Historical  Society.
The  fine old trees near the house, and older than the house
itself, were also saved and the grounds about the house  are
planted and cared for by the historical society.


     1759            Major Thomas Walke II (builder)
     1761-97         Col. Thomas Walke III
     1797-1815       Mrs. Thomas Walke III
      (& Nephews of Col. Walke III -  Wescoat, Willoughby &
     1816            Caleb Boush
     1817            Warren Ashley
     1822            John Cornick
                     Thomas Cornick
     1847            Thomas James Cornick
     1856            William Dozier
     1857            Enoch Ferebee
     1885            George Ferebee
     (rented)        John Bell
     1903            Malachi L. Fentress
     1911            Lucien D. Stark
     1920            Louise Adair
     1920            H. C. N. Batten
     1934            J. F. East
     1936            Morris Franklin - Laura Worrell
     1939            James H. and Kate R. Barron
     1952            Rodney Malbon
     1966            Princess Anne Historical Society

   T  I  D  E  W  A  T  E  R    L  A  N  D  F  A  L  L  S

                    By George H. Tucker


     According to a colorful,  time-honored  tradition,  the
hunting  horn and a pack of baying foxhounds took precedence
over the Book of Common Prayer as far as  the  Rev.  Anthony
Walke of Princess Anne County was concerned.
     Walke  was  the  rector  of  Lynnhaven  Parish  without
renumeration  from 1788 to 1800 and again from 1812 to 1813,
during which time he is reputed to have more or less divided
his  time  between  his sacred duties in the chancels of Old
Donation Church and the pleasures of the hunt.
     Walke  was born at Fairfield, the ancestral home of the
Walke family near Kempsville at  the  head  of  the  Eastern
Branch of the Elizabeth River in the 1750s.
     He was the son  of  Col.  Anthony  Walke  II  and  Jane
Bolling Randolph os Curles Neck, an aunt of John Randolph of
     On  his  mother's  side  of  the family he was a direct
descendant of Pocahontas, whose father,  Powhatan,  was  the
most  powerful chieftan in Tidewater Virginia at the time of
the arrival of the Jamestown settlers in 1607.
    This   wild  strain  in  his  blood  could  easily  have
accounted for his predilection to field sports.
     Walke's father, one of the wealthiest Virginians of his
day, was a great advocate of the  `social  glass,  the  rich
feast,  the  card  table,  and the horse race.'  And when he
died he left his son well fixed.
     Besides  receiving a considerable amount of property in
what is now downtown Norfolk, Walke  also  received  several
interesting   personal  bequests,  and  the  clause  in  his
father's will mentioning them reads:
     `To  my  son Anthony my suit of embroidered curtains in
memberance of his mother who took  great  pains  in  working
them;  the  two  neat  trunks,  Gold  Studs, and every other
article that belonged to my late wife, Jane Walke, now in my
possession;  my Father's walnut Secretarie and Clock (and) a
piece of Gold coined in the year 1609, weighing  about  four
pounds    nine    shillings,    which    belonged    to   my
     After  the Revolutionary War, Walke was a member of the
Virginia  Convention  of  1788  that   ratified   the   U.S.
Constitution.   And shortly after that event he was ordained
a priest of the Episcopal Church in Philadelphia.
     Returning  to  Princess  Anne  County,  now the City of
Virginia Beach, Walke was the rector of Lynnhaven Parish for
many  years,  and  his  `mild  clear  voice and solemnity of
amnner in reading the church servive' were remembered by the
more pious of his flock.
     There were others, however, who  recalled  another  and
entirely different aspect pf his ministry.
     According to those who chose to recall the  picturesque
side  of  the  Rev.  Walke's  character, it was his habit to
tether his horse Silverheels near the  door  of  the  church
where he was officiating.
     And if, during the service, he heard the sound  of  the
hunting  horns,  he  would immediately descend from his high
pulpit, turn over the service to his  clerk,  Dick  Edwards,
stalk  down the aisle, and ride away in the direction of the
baying foxhounds as fast as Silverheaals could carry him.

The Virginian-Pilot, 4/8/74

     Included in the Bolling and Randolph  family  portraits
at  the  College of William and Mary is that of Jane Bolling
Randolph Walke (1729-1756) by John Wollaston.  She  was  the
daughter  of Richard Randolph I or "Curles" and Jane Bolling
Randolph, and she married Anthony Walke II in  1750.    This
portrait  was  given by Mr. and Mrs. O. W. June and hangs in
the Earl Swem Library.

                   THE LATE RICHARD WALKE

     We  yesterday  announced the death of this gentleman so
well known in our community.
     Mr.  Walke was in his 59th year, was a member of one of
our oldest and  most  excellent  families,  and  had  filled
several  positions  of  prominence in our community. Kind to
all, amiable in every relation of life, the loss of  such  a
man  will be deeply felt by all who knew him.  He has left a
large family to mourn the loss of one so dearly beloved as a
son and as a parent.  May He who has inflicted the blow upon
the venerable father of  him  that  is  gone  and  upon  his
weeping   children,   enable   them  to  bear  the  terrible
     The funeral of the deceased will take place today at 12
o'clock from Christ church.

The Norfolk Journal, Feb. 3, 1872

                DEATH OF WILLIAM WALKE, ESQ.

     At   11   o'clock   yesterday  morning  this  venerable
gentleman breather his last at the advanced age of 96 years.
     The  deceased was born April 3rd. 1786 in Princess Anne
County, Virginia on "the Ferry Plantation,"  then  owned  by
his  father,  whose  death occurred when the subject of this
sketch was but 8 years old.  Mr. Walke  was  sent  early  in
life  to Litchfield, Conn., where for some years he attended
one of the  best  institutions  of  learning  in  the  city.
Returning  from Litchfield he entered the Virginia Bank as a
Clerk, of which institution he was during the  War  of  1812
one  of  the  custodians  of  its  books and funds, which he
conveyed to Richmond, making the journey on horseback.   For
a  long  period Mr. Walke was City Collector of Norfolk, and
agent of the Mutual Insurance Co. of  Richmond.    In  fact,
throughout  his  long and useful life the deceased held many
positions of emolument and trust and enjoyed  the  universal
respect  and  love  of his fellow-man up to the close of his
life.  His funeral will take place from  96  York  St.,  the
residence  of  Richard Walke, Esq., on Sunday the 9th inst.,
at 6 P.M.

The Norfolk Landmark, 7/8/1882


     Mr. William Walke, probably the oldest white citizen of
Norfolk, who had been ill at the  Hospital  of  St.  Vincent
dePaul  for  some  time,  died at that institution yesterday
morning at the advanced age of 96 years.  Mr.  Walke  was  a
native  of  Princess  Anne County, but had reided in Norfolk
during the greater part of his  long  life,  and  held  many
positions  pf trust, honor and emolument among which was the
office of City Collector, which  he  creditably  filled  for
many  years.    He was a man of the strictest integrity, and
possessed the entire confidence of those who knew him.    He
was  one  of the last links which bound the long past to the
present in the history of Norfolk and his  recollections  of
persons  and  events  for  the past fourscore years, if they
could have been published, would have made  a  valuable  and
interesting   volume.      He  leaves  a  larghe  number  of
descendants, some of his grandchildren being among our  most
prominent  citizens.    His  funeral  will  take  place at 6
o'clock tomorrow afternoon from the residence of Mr. Richard
Walke, No. 92 York St., and will be very largely attended.

The Public Ledger, Sat., 7/8/1882

     Right on County 647 to Donation Church, in a grass plot
among  pine  and  oak  trees.    The  restored  building  is
rectangular, of red brick with high-pitched roof.    It  was
built  in 1736 and succeeded a predecessor, erected in 1692,
and Lynnhaven Parish's first church, completed  in  1640  on
another  site.  The Reverend Thomas Dickson in 1776 left his
farm in trust to the vestry,  the  income  wto  be  used  to
employ  `an able and discreet teacher in the Latin and Greek
languages and mixed mathematics' for the instruction of male
orphans of the parish.  This, according to tradition, led to
the church's being called `Dickson's  Donation  Church'  and
later  `Donation  Church.'  The old building was gutted by a
forest fire in 1882, and only the walls were  standing  when
restoration  was  begun  in  1916.  The old silver communion
service, pewter collectionplate, and marble font,  recovered
from the river, have survived.
     Beside Donation Church is a private road leading across
flat  fields  to  Ferry  Farm  in  a  wood.   The house, its
whitewashed brick walls rising in three sections  to  gabled
roofs,  overlooks  an arm of Lynnhaven River.  Anthony Walke
II directed that if he  `should  depart  this  life`  before
erecting  `a  decent  Dwelling  House,'  then `1000L current
money' should be `laid out . . . in building on the Land . .
.  called  "Ferry"  Plantation at the old Court House.'  The
duty doubtless fell to his  son,  William  Walke  (1762-95).
This  was  4he  site  of  Princess  Anne's second courthouse
     Close  by  Donation Church stood Princess Anne County's
first courthouse.  Soon after the county was formed in  1691
a  courthouse  was ordered built `in Jno. Keelings old field
by London Bridge,' but the courthouse was not erected  until
about  1696  and  then  her  on `land belonging to the Brick
Church.'  In this  building  one  of  Virginia's  two  witch
trials was held.  Early in 1706 Mrs. Grace Sherwood, a widow
and mother of a family, having  plagued  the  comunity  with
petty  lawsuits,  was  haled  before the county court on the
charge of having bewitched the wife of Luke Hill.  A jury of
women examined Grace's body and declared they found physical
signs by which witches were identified.  The  court  stopped
the  proceedings.    Whereupon Hill took the case before the
Council of State, which evaded a decision and sent the  case
back to the county court.  A second jury of women refused to
act and was promptly fined for contempt of court.   On  July
7,  Grace  Sherwood  agreed  to  be  `tried  in the water by
ducking,' but the `westher being very rainy and bad so  that
it  might  possible  endanger  her  health,'  the  trial was
postponed until July 10.  On the afternoon of that day, near
`William  Harper's  Plantation,'  she  was  subjected to the
test.  Her hands were bound, and she was thrown  into  water
`above  a man's depth.'  To swim was proof of occult powers;
to  sink,   a   sign   of   innocence.      Grace   Sherwood
swam--disregarding   the   boat   provided  to  rescue  her.
Afterwards, she was searched by `five  ancient  and  knowing
women'  who  `all  declared  on oath' that `she was not like
them, or no other woman they knew of . . .'  Thus convicted,
she was committed to the `common gaol.'  A land grant issued
in Grace Sherwood's name in 1714  indicated  that  the  jail
term ended her legal punishment.

     At  the  junction of State 165 and County 654 is a poor
road to the site of New Town,  in  Colonial  days  a  lively
little port, established in 1697 and made the county seat in
1751.  Near by lived Colonel Edward Hack Moseley, who,  when
Lord  Dunmore  was  entertained  in  Norfolk  in  1774,  was
summoned by an express `to come to town with his famous  wig
and  shining  buckles, he being the finest gentleman we had,
to dance the minuet with Lady Dunmore, the Mayor of Norfolk,
Captain  Abyvon,  not being equal to the occasion.'  In 1778
the county court was moved to Kempsville.
     On  State 165 is Kempsville (100 pop.) a village of old
houses  under  arching  trees.    A  severe  moral  note  is
frequently  injected by the presence of traditionally garned
Dunkards from farms near by.  With tobacco warehouses by the
canal  and a deep water landing, flourishing Kemp's Landing,
as  the  place  was  called  before  its  incorporation   as
Kempsville  in  1783, reached the pinnacle of its importance
during the Revolution.

(From Virginia: A Guide to the Old  Dominion.    NY:  Oxford
University Press, 1964, p. 470-1.

WALKE,  HENRY  (1808-96),  naval officer, born Princess Anne
Co., Va.  Joining  Navy  as  midshipman  (1827),  served  on
Versuvius  during  Mexican  War,  takingbpart  in capture of
Veracruz.  At outset of Civil War, was on duty at  Pensacola
Navy  Yard  and  saved  Ft.  Pickens  for  Union.  Commanded
gunboat Taylor at Battle of Belmont,  and  as  commander  of
Carondelet,  helped capture Fts. Henry and Donelson, ran his
vessel past Island No. 10, and shortly afterwards took  part
in  engagement  at Ft. Pillow and at Memphis.  Given command
of ram Lafayette took part in Battle of Grand  Gulf  and  at
mouth  of  Red  River.    In command of Sacramento, pursured
Alabama, and  after  her  sinking  by  Kearsarge,  blockaded
Rappahannock  in  French  harbor  of  Calais  until close of
hostilities.  Promoted  commodore  (1866)  and  rear-admiral
(1870)  and  retired  year later.  Published Naval Scenes in
the Civil War (1877).
     L.  B.  Hamersly, The Records of Living Officers of the
U. S. Navy and Marine Corps  (1894);  J.H.  Borwn,  American
Naval  Heroes  (1899)  and Lamb's Biographical Dictionary of
the United States (1903).

American Biographie, Wheeler Preston.

      ISAAC  TALBOT WALKE, proprietor of an insurance agency
at Norfolk  which  has  been  in  existence  and  under  the
ownership  and  management  of  the  Walke  family  for  six
decades, is descended from one of the very first families to
establish homes in what is now Norfolk County.
     He is a direct descendant of Thomas Walke, a native  of
England,  who  first went to the Barbadoes in 1622 and later
moved to Virginia,  establishing  himself  at  Fairfield  in
Princess Anne County.  He married Mary Lawson, whose father,
Col. Anthony Lawson, was one of the eminent lawyers  of  the
Virginia  Colony.   Thomas Walke held the rank of colonel of
militia under King Charles II.  He was a  vestryman  in  the
Lynnhaven  Parish  Church, one of the famous churches of old
Colonial Virginia.
     His  son,  Anthony Walke, married Anna Lee Armistead, a
granddaughter of Capt. Hancock and Mary (Kendall) Lee.  Mary
Kendall  was  a daughter of Col. William Kendall, who served
as collector of revenues at Accomac in 1660.    Hancock  Lee
was a son of Col. Richard Lee, the ancestor of Richard Henry
Lee, known as the champion of  American  Independence.    In
William  Forest's  sketches of Norfolk the statement is made
that Anthony Walke purchased 150 acres of land on which at a
later  date the City of Norfolk was laid out, the first plat
of  the  city  being  made  in  1682.    Anthony  and   Anna
(Armistead)  Walke  had  as  one  of  their children Anthony
Walke, who married Jane Randolph, and they were the  parents
of  William  Walke,  who  married  Mary  Calvert.   The next
generation was represented by  William  Walke,  who  married
Elizabeth Nash, and they in turn were the parents of Richard
Walke, who married Diana Talbot.  Richard and Diana were the
grandparents of Isaac Talbot Walke.
     Mr. Walke was born at Norfolk.    His  father,  William
Talbot  Walke,  was also a native of that city, where he was
reared  and  educated,  and  served   in   the   Confederate
government  during the Civil War.  Afterwards he took up the
insurance business and followed it until  his  death.    His
wife  was  Sally  Gray,  born  at Garysburg, North Carolina.
They reared the following children, William Talbot,  Richard
Gray,  James  Newsom,  Mary  Diana,  Sally Willoughby, Isaac
Talbot and Herbert Nash.
     Isaac  Talbot  Walke  after  completing  his  course at
Norfolk  Academy  entered  Eastman's  Business  College   at
Poughkeepsie,  New  York,  and  with  this  training  became
associated with his father in the insurance business.   This
insurance  agency was established by his father in 1869.  It
is located at 203 Granby Street in Norfolk.
     Mr.   Walke   married   Linda   Harrell,  a  native  of
Murfreesboro, North Carolina.   They  have  three  children,
Isaac  Talbot,  Jr.,  Linda Harrell and Gertrude Willoughby.
The  family  are  members  of  Christ  Episcopal  Church  in

From Bruce (1929)

                     F. A. WALKE, M.D.

     Thomas  Walke,  who  settled in Princess Anne county in
colonial days, was the founder of  the  family  in  Virginia
from  which Dr. Walke is descended.  Jane Randolph, of Curls
neck, was the great grandmother of Dr. Walke.
     He was born in Norfolk, on October 1, 1831.  On May 25,
1853, he married Miss A. M. Boylor, of Norfolk.  In 1854 Dr.
Walke entered service in the United States Navy, as surgeon,
resigning in 1857.  During the war between  the  States,  he
was  surgeon  of the 46th Virginia regiment under Gen. H. A.
Wise.  Since the war he  has  been  in  practice,  and  also
conducting  a  drug store in Norfolk.  Dr. Walke is a member
of the Masonic order, of the K, H., K.L.H., Golden Rule, and
other societies.

                    WILLIAM TALBOT WALKE

Is a son of Richard Walke and Mary D. Walke, nee Talbot, and
was  born in Norfolk, Virginia, on January 31, 1838.  He was
married at Winton, North Carolina, on August 3, 1858,  Sarah
R.,  daughter  of  Richard Gary (now deceased), becoming his
wife.  Their children are: William Talbot, Richard G., James
N.,  Mary  D.,  Sally  W., Isaac T., Ethel (deceased), Henry
(deceased), and Herbert N.
     In  early  years  Mr.  Walke  went  ot school to Paxton
Pollard. He took the collegiate course at William  and  Mary
College,  graduating in 1856.  He then entered the wholesale
drug business, in which he was engaged till the outbreak  of
the war between the States.
    He entered the Confederate army in 1861, in  Company  H,
6th  Virginia Infantry, and after six months was discharged.
In  the  spring  of  1862  he  enlisted  again,  in  Buruss'
battalion  of  cavalry,  and  was  on  detached  duty in the
commissary department.  In 1863 he  was  promoted  to  first
lieutenant  and  adjutant  of  the  39th  Battalion Virginia
Cavalry, with which he served until the close of the war.
     Returning  then  to Norfolk, he went into business with
W. W.  Chamberlaine;  in  1866-67  was  farming  in  Norfolk
Carolina;  then returned to Norfolk, and was in the book and
stationerey business for about a year.  In 1869 he went into
the  general  insurance  business, in which he has continued
ever since.

F. A. Walke, M.D. and William  Talbot  Walke  sketches  from
Virginia and Virginians by Brock

   Walke and Williams, Dealers in Drugs, Paints, Oils, etc.,
corner Water Street and Roanoke Avenue.--  Among the leading
houses  in  its line in the city is the extensive drug store
of Walke & Williams, at No.  108  Water  Street,  corner  of
Roanoke  Avenue.    It was established in 1870, and has long
done a large business.  The store  is  30x80  feet,  and  is
replete  with  all  kinds  of  drugs,  chemicals, medicines,
paints, oils, dye-stuffs, toilet and  fancy  articles,  etc.
The  prescription department is managed with great skill and
care.  Only the freshest and purest drugs and chemicals  are
used,  and  reliable  clerks  intrusted  with  the business.
Physicians' prescriptions are dispensed at all  hours.    In
the  departments  of  paints  and  oils  the  stock  is very
complete and comprehensive.    It  embraces  white  lead  or
colors,  dry  or  ground in oil, putty, varnishes, etc.  The
individual members of the firm are Dr, F. A. Walke  and  Mr.
J.  N.  Williams.   Dr. Walke is a native of Virginia, and a
gentleman of thorough scientific attainments,  a  practicing
physician, and a graduate of the University of Pennsylvania,
class of 1852.  Mr. Williams is also a  Virginian  by  birth
and  a  first-class  business  man.    The  firm is well and
favoprably known, not only to the entire community but  also
to nautical men who visit the port.

   Womble and Walke, Wholesale and  Retail  Hardware,  etc.,
No.  19  East  Side Market Square.--  Eighteen years ago the
firm of J. G. Womble & Co. was founded, which was  succeeded
in  1878  by Womble & Walke, and from the beginning has been
one of the leading houses in  Norfolk,  and  their  hardware
establishment  at  No.  19  East  Side  Market  Square, is a
representativem  first-class  enterprise.    The  stock   of
hardware,  rope,  and  twine  is immense, and in their large
trade, four floors of their fine building, 18x130 feet,  are
constantly  occupiued  and  utilized.   Their merchandise is
superior in quality, and in their  extensive  dealings  this
house  is  reliable,  prompt,  and  obliging.  Messrs. J. G.
Womble and Henry Walke comprise this enterprising firm.  The
former  is  a  native  of  North  Carolina and the latter of
Virginia, and they are known far and near  as  gentlemen  of
peculiar business ability and integrity.

DR F. A. WALKE                        J. N. WILLIAMS

              W A L K E   &   W I L L I A M S
                     ----DEALERS IN----
          D R U G S,  P A I N T S,  O I L S,  E T C.
               Cor. Water St. and Roanoke Sq.
                N  O  R  F  O  L  K,   V  A.

The two preceding items and  the  advertisemnt,  above,  are
from  Rambles in the Path of the Steam Horse, Chesapeake and
Ohio R. R.; an Illustrated Guide and Gazetteer of the Cities
and  Towns  on  the C. and O. R.R. . . . .  Richard Edwards,
Editor.  New York: Historical Publishing Co., 1884.

            Fairfield's Appreciation Substantial

     Fairfield is one of those textbook cases.  Buy a  tract
or  a lot or a house in the right location, keep the tone of
the development high and wait for appreciation.
     That's  what  happened  in Fairfield, a neighborhood of
Virginia Beach that lies on  the  west  side  of  Kempsville
Road,  south of Kemps Landing Elementary School and north of
Kempsville Colony subdivision.  It  extends  westward  to  a
finger of the Eastern Branch of the Elizabeth River.
     It was created in November  1967  when  the  developer,
Woodrow  W.  Reasor,  a native of the Virginia mountains who
came to Norfolk in 1940, bought a farm from the heirs of  J.
C. Hudgins for "slightly more than $1.5 million."  The tract
contained 390 acres.
     The  original  price comes to slightly more than $3,846
an acre.  Expert testimony in a trial involving the prpperty
in  1977  valued  theland  at  $14,000  an  acre in 1972 and
$26,000 an are in  1977.    Its  value  today  can  only  be
     A random survey of 11 houses  built  between  1969  and
1977  that  were  resold in 1982 showed the average original
cost was $58,209.  The average resale price was $110,345.
     Fairfield  is  laid out in a complex pattern of streets
that seems to defy  logic.    The  thoroughfares  curve  and
cul-de-sacs  fan out from them at irregular intervals.  This
keeps traffic noise at a  minimum  and  prevents  monotonous
views of houses and yards.
     The houses are  large  --  a  small  model  is  a  four
bedroomer with two baths; the larger ones have five bedrooms
and up to three  baths.    Brick  is  almost  universal  for
exteriors.  Most of the designs are traditional Colonial and
ranch modifications. There is a moderate sprinkling of  "For
Sale" signs in the beautifully maintained yards. . . .

The  Virginian-Pilot  and  The Ledger-Star, Nov. 7, 1982, p.

                         M A S O N

     Francis  Mason  emigrated  to Virginia in 1613, aged 18
years; born in 1595 (1584?).  Justice of Norfolk County from
its  formation  until  his  death;  lieut.  of militia 1640;
church warden and sheriff of county 1646.  He died  in  1648
aged 53.  His wife, Mary, and daughter, Anne, came over with
him on the ship, John and Francis.    His  second  wife  was
Alice. Issue: Lemuel, Elizabeth, Francis and James.

     His  son, Lemuel, and his wife, Alice, administered his
estate.  Lemuel was born about 1628  (1625?),  married  Anne
Sewell,  and  he died June 17, 1695 (1702?).  He was Justice
from 1649 until his death.  He was  High  Sheriff  in  1668,
Burgess  1654,  1657,  1660, 1663, 1675, 1685, and presiding
justice and colonel of  militia  of  Lower  Norfolk  County,
1680. Issue:
     Frances, born 1652, married George Newton.
     Alice, mar. 1st Hodges; 2nd Porter; 3rd, Samuel Boush.
     Elizabeth, mar. Thomas Cocke.
     Margaret, married Hugh French of England.
     Anne, born 1658
     Abagail, mar. George Crafford.
     Mary, mar. Cocke(?) (see below).
     Diana, mar. Thorogood.
     George (see below)

     Anne Sewell Mason, daughter of Henry Sewell,  Sr.,  and
sister  of Henry Sewell, Jr., was married at 15 years of age
to Col. Lemuel Mason. She was born in 1634 and died in 1705;
her  will  was proved March 5, 1706.  Henry Sewell, Sr., was
Burgess for Elizabeth City County in 1632, and  Burgess  for
Norfolk County in 1639.  Sewell's Point is named after him.

     George Mason, son of Lemuel, died 1710.  He was justice
of Norfolk County 1710 and captain of militia in 1707.    He
married  Philis  Hobson, daughter of Peter Hobson, and their
daughter, Frances Mason, married John Phripp.

     John Phripp (1684-1775)  was  alderman  of  Borough  of
Norfolk  in  1741, Mayor of Norfolk 1745 and 1757, warden of
St, Paul's Church 1749.  He  married  Frances,  daughter  of
George  Mason.    His  parents  were  Matthew and Mary Mason
Phripp.  John Phripp's daughter, Ann, married Stephen Wright

     George Newton I married Frances Mason, daughter of Col.
Lemual Mason; will dated 1691.

     George Newton II was appointed Town Clerk in 1780  when
Norfolk  was  incorporated; later, justice.  He was educated
in  Lancaster,  England  (Jonas  Lawson  attended  the  same
school.)  Issue:
     Elizabeth, married Thomas Walke.
     Mollie, Married James Murdaugh.
     Fanny Wright married Mr. Wescot.
     Margaret (Peggy) married John Calvert.
     Nannie married Thomas Willoughby.

     In an old letter written by Mrs. Emma  Blow  Blacknall,
wife  of Dr. George Blacknall, U.S.N., to Mis Imogen Barron,
her cousin, she states that their  aunt,  Mrs.  Mary  Wright
Warren,  was  named  for  Mary  Mason.    Mary Mason was the
adopted daughter of Lemuel Mason, a white child found  among
the  North  Carolina  Indians,  supposed  to be the child of
Virginia Dare of the  ill-fated  colony  at  Roanoke.    She
married  Matthew  Phripp, who was the father of John Phripp,
Mayor of Norfolk.

From genealogical notes at Boush-Tazewell-Waller House.


                                                Record No. 1. 


1.            CALVERT WALKE TAZEWELL, b.Apr.13,1917.
              JOHN PARKS TAZEWELL, b.Sep.25,1920
              SOPHIE GOODE TAZEWELL, b.Oct.28,1924
                    are the children of:-
                                                  (See Rec. #:

2. Calvert Walke Tazewell    and      Sophie Parks Goode    2.
     b.Oct.14,1888      m.Jun 14,1916   b.Dec.23,1890.
     d.Feb.10,1962                      d.Jul.18,1976
       son of:-

3. Littleton Waller Tazewell(Bradford) and Mary Louisa Walke  3.
     b.Jul.16,1848     m.Nov.6,1883         b.Mar.28,1856
     d.Jul.15,1918                          d.Mar.9,1923
      son of:-

                                                 Record No. 3.


                  1-3  MARY LOUISA WALKE*
                       was a daughter of:-

4. Richard Walke              and     Mary Diana Talbot        7.
b.    1812        m. bef. Mar.4,1836   b.
     d.bet.2/19/70-2/7/72                   d. aft. Jan.1,1839
        son of:-

5. William Walke              and     Elizabeth M.? Nash   11.
     b.Apr.3,1786      m. bef.1814          b.
     d.Jul.7,1882                           d.Jan.9,1850
        son of:-

6. William Walke              and     Mary Calvert         19.
     b.Feb.7,1762      m.Dec.21,1782        b.
     d.Jan.1,1795                           d.Feb.,1798
        son of:-

7. Anthony Walke              and    Mary Moseley          35.
     b.Jan3,1726       m.May 8,1757         b.
     d. 1782                                d.Nov.22,1795
        son of:-

8. Anthony Walke              and    Anna Lee Armistead    67.
     b. 1692           m.Apr.4,1725         b.
     d.Nov.8,1768                           d.Feb14,1732
        son of:-

9. Thomas Walke                and   Mary Lawson          131.
     b.                m. 1689              b
     d. 1693/4
     (Emigrated from Barbadoes
      to Virginia in 1662)

*Two lines of Walke descent

                                                Record No. 19.


                     3-6. MARY CALVERT
                     was a daughter of:-

7. Cornelius Calvert        and     Elizabeth Thoroughood   51
    b. Mar. 13, 1725   m. June 19, 1749    b.
    d. 1804/5                              d.
    son of:-

8. Cornelius Calvert        and     Mary Saunders           83
    living in 1719     m. Jul. 29, 1719    b.
    d. 1747                                d.

See Calvert Family Bible at Chrysler Museum

See "Calvert Family" in Maryland Historical Magazine, 1921

See "Descendants of Calvert Family in Va."

                                                Record No. 35.

                      M O S E L E Y

                     3-7 MARY MOSELEY
                    was a daughter of:-

8.  Edward Hack Moseley      and    Mary Bassett            99
      b.                m.            b. Aug. 7, 1716.
      d.                              d. 1755
       son of:-

9.  Hillary Moseley          and    Hannah (Hack?)
      b.                m.            b.
      d. 1730
       son of:-

10.  Edward Moseley          and    Frances Stringer       291
      b. 1661.           m.           b.
      d. 1736.
       son of:-

11.  William Moseley         and    Mary Gookin            547
      b.                 m.           b.
      d. 1671.
       son of:-

12.  Sir William Moseley     and    Susannah (Crocroft?)
      b.                  m.          b.
      Emigrated to Vir-               d. Feb. 8, 1655/6
        ginia in 1649
      d. 1655

                                                Record No. 51. 
                    T H O R O U G H G O O D

                  19-7. ELIZABETH THROUGHGOOD,
                     was a daughter of:-

8.  John Thoroughgood         and     Elizabeth Mason      115
     b.                  m.             b.
     d.                                 d.
      son of:-

9.  John Thoroughgood        and      Pembroke Sayer       179
     b.                  m.             b.
     d. 1718.                           d.
      son of:-

10. John Thoroughgood         and     Margaret Lawson      307
     b.              m. Mar. 19, 1685   b.
     d. Dec. 1701.                      d.
      son of:-

11. Adam Thoroughgood         and     Frances Yeardley     563
     b.              m.                 b.
     d.                                 d.

12. Adam Thoroughgood         and     Sarah Offley        1075
     b. 1602.        m. Jul. 18, 1627   bap. Apr. 16, 1609
     Emigrated to Vir-                  d. 1657.
       ginia in 1621
     d. 1640
      son of:-

13. Rev. William Thoroughgood  and    Ann Edwards         2099
     b.              m.                 b.
     d.                                 d.
      son of:-

14. John Thoroughgood          and        Luckin          4147
      son of:-

15. John Thoroughgood          and
      son of:-

16. Thomas Thoroughgood        and
      son of:-

17. John Thoroughgood          and

                                               Record No. 131.

                        L A W S O N

                      3-9 MARY LAWSON,
                     was a daughter of:-

10. Anthony Lawson          and        Elizabeth Westgate  387
      b.                  m.              b.
      d.                                  d.
        son of:-

11. Thomas Lawson            and                 Bray      643
      b.                  m.              b.
      Emigrated to Vir-                   d.
        ginia in 1620.

                                               Record No. 307. 

                         L A W S O N
          (Second line - see also Record No. 131.)

                    51-10.  MARGARET LAWSON,
                      was a daughter of:-

11. Anthony Lawson, No. 131-10 and Elizabeth Westgate      387

Extract of Tazewell Genealogy, by C. W. Tazewell, Sr.


                BY LEWIS WALKE, OCTOBER 1914

  Notes made by LEWIS WALKE concerning trips made by him and
his  son, Roger S. Walke, in Princess Anne County, Virginia,
and to Norfolk and Richmond, Va., in October, 1914.


     On  October  twentieth,  1914,   before   starting   we
consulted  Mr.  H.  C.  Hoggard  as  to the way to reach our
objective points.  Mr. Hoggard is senior member of the  firm
of  H.  C.  Hoggard  & Company, Real Estate Agents, Norfolk,
Va., and now lives in Norfolk, Va., although he was born and
lived  for  years at a plantation on Broad Creek in Princess
Anne County, called Poplar Hall, and  is  very  well  posted
regarding Princess Anne County.  Mr. Hoggard told us that to
reach "The Ferry" and Old Donation Church,  we  should  take
the  electric  branch  of  the  Norfolk  Southern  Railroad,
running from Norfolk to Virginia Beach via Cape  Henry,  and
get  off  at  Shelton  Station:  that to reach Fairfields we
should take  the  electric  line  of  the  Norfolk  Southern
Railroad  running  direct from Norfolk to Virginia Beach and
get off at Euclid Station : and that  to  reach  "Greenwich"
(the  Moseley  seat where Anthony Walke, 2nd, is buried) and
the "Lions Den" farm (where he told  me  my  father  -  Rev.
Lewis  Walke - lived while he was Rector of Emmanuel Church,
Kempsville) we should take the electric line of the  Norfolk
Southern  Railroad  running  direct from Norfolk to Virginia
Beach and get off at Greenwich station.  Roger  brought  his
camera with him and photographed all points of interest.


October twentieth, 1914. - Upon arriving at Shelton  Station
we found that the name "The Ferry" was not known by those of
whom we asked directions.  However, Mr. Hoggard had told  us
that  the  place  is  now  owned  by Mr. C. M. Barnett and a
colored man gave us directions and told us it was four miles
off.    The directions were not clear and we missed the way,
going five miles further than we should have done.  When  we
reached  Old Donation Church, we found nothing but the walls
- probably three quarters of them  -  standing,  although  a
frame  Parish  House  has  been  erected  behind the church,
largely through the  efforts  of  the  Hoggards,  who,  with
others, I am informed, hope to have the old church restored.
The road forks at the Church, and not knowing  which  branch
to  take  we walked down the left branch a few hundred yards
to a store, which was kept by Mr. Josiah Woodhouse, Jr.  Mr.
Woodhouse  was  very courteous.  He told us that the road to
the right of the church led  to  Mr.  Barnett's  place,  and
walked with us to "Springfield."  As it was getting late, we
returned to Norfolk; Mr. Woodhouse showing us a much shorter
way to Shelton Station through the "Springfield" farm.

     OCTOBER  TWENTY-FIRST,  1914.  -  We  went   first   to
"Springfield"  and  then on to the "Ferry."  Mr. Barnett was
not at home, but Mrs. Barnett was most kind  in  showing  us
everything  which we wanted to see and afterwards in serving
tea for us.  She is enthusiastic about the old place and was
much  interested  in  learning  that it had been called "The
Ferry" and in other things which I could tell her about  it.
She  told  us  that the neighborhood tradition says that the
house was formerly the jail and Courthouse of Princess  Anne
County,  and  one  of the ground floor rooms, now used for a
bath room,  is  said  to  have  been  the  jail,  and  Grace
Sherwood,  the  famous  Virginia witch, is said to have been
incarcerated therein.  We were shown the iron  bars  to  the
window  of  this  room.    The  house is of brick, stuccoed,
except a recent frame addition, and presents the  appearance
of  being  the  original  building.    An  employee  on  Mr.
Barnett's place, a Mr.  Woodhouse,  brother  of  Mr.  Josiah
Woodhouse, Jr., told me that recently when digging a hundred
yards or more  back  of  the  house  he  found  heavy  brick
foundations, indicating that a building had stood there.

     "The Ferry" house is from a half to three-quarters of a
mile  from  Old Donation Church.  It is beautifully located,
on high ground,  a  few  hundred  years  from  a  branch  of
Lynnhaven River.  Across this branch there was at one time a
bridge, the piles of which protrude from the water, now in a
state of advanced decomposition.  Mr. H. C. Hoggard tells me
that before the bridge there was a  ferry,  from  which  the
place  took  its  name.  We could find only one tombstone at
the Ferry.  It was that  of  my  great-grandfather,  William
Walke,  1st,  who  was  left  "The Ferry" in the will of his
father, Anthony Walke, 2nd.  The  tomb  is  several  hundred
yards from the house, and the stone lies flat on the ground.
Whether it now lies immediately over the remains  cannot  be
said,  although  it  seems  to lie within the original brick
enclosure, of the foundations  of  which  there  are  slight
traces.  The tombstone evidently rested originally flat upon
a  low  brick  foundation,  which  has  disappeared.     The
inscription is legible, and there follows an exact copy:

                    Here lie the Remains
                  W I L L I A M   W A L K E
              late a Magistrate & Representative
                        of this County
                    Who departed this Life
                    the 1st of Janry., 1795
                        Aged 33 years
              In Life Esteemed in Death lamented


     On OCTOBER TWENTIETH, 1914, In looking for "The Ferry,"
we questioned Mr. Josiah Woodhouse, Jr., who keeps a store a
few hundred yards from Old Donation Church, on the  road  to
the  left of the church.  He directed us to "The Ferry," but
told us that a road  at  the  side  of  his  store,  leading
through  a  body of woods, terminated in a quarter of a mile
at an old house, in the yard of  which  were  several  tombs
which  he  thought were of Walkes.  It was too late to go to
"The Ferry" that day and he kindly left his store  and  went
with  us  to  show  the  way.  We found a very old two story
brick house, but the tombs were Boush.  One was the tomb  of
Mrs. David M. Walke, who adopted my sister Mary, and who was
a Boush.  Sister Mary told me a  few  days  later  that  the
place  was  called  "Springfield."  A Mr. Campbell now lives
there, but the place is owned by A. E. Anderson.

     On OCTOBER TWENTY-FIRST,  1914,  we  returned.    Roger
photogrphed   the   house   and  tombs  and  we  copied  the
inscriptions on the latter, which read as follows, viz:

                      In Memory of
            W I L L I A M   F.  W.  B O U S H ,
                A Citizen of Princess Anne,
       of which County, he was a Justice, of the Peace,
              and a Delegate to the Afsembly.
            In private life without reproach;
            In public, attentive to his duty.
            A Christian in heart and deed,
            He lived by faith, and died in hope;
            On the 19th., of February 1818,
            In the 25th., year of his age.

   About three hours before his death, he sung with an
          audible voice, the following HYMN.

            A charge to keep I have:
            A God to glorify:
            A never dying soul to save,
            And fit it for the sky:

            To serve the present age,
            My calling to fulfill:
            O may it all my powers engage,
            To do my Master's will.

            Arm me with jealous care,
            As in thy sight to live:
            And O thy servant, Lord, prepare,
            A strict account to give:

            Help me to watch and pray,
            And on thyself rely:
            Afsur'd if I may trust betray,
            I shall forever die.

                   S A C R E D
                To  the  Memory of
         M A R Y   B O U S H,  Consort of
                    Wm. Boush,
    who was born on the 3rd. of May A. D. 1764,
   & departed this life on the 24th. of Decr. 1822,

   She was of a broken & contrite heart &
   when the last summons came, with serenity
   of mind, affectionately took leave of
   relatives and domestics & with unfeigned faith
   fell asleep in the Lord Jesus.

                       S A C R E D
                    To  the  Memory of

                 W I L L I A M    B O U S H

      who was born on the 18th. of Feby. A. D. 1759,
      & expired at Lebanon on the 6th. of Jany. 1834,
      He was an eminently useful member of Society
      in all the relations of life, his heart glowed
      with the benevolence to his fellow beings & he lived
      in the practice of the precepts of the Gospel &
      of those graces and virture which exalt the hu-
      man character & whose motto ever was:
   Deal justly, love mercy & walk humbly before thy God.

                           C  R
                        A        E
                     S              D
                  to   the   memory   of

             E L I Z A   J .   S .   W A L K E

                          Widow of
                      DAVID M. WALKE
                    and   daughter   of
                   Wm & MARY  B O U S H.
                  Who departed this life
                on the 9th day of June 1884,
                In the 82nd year of her age.


         "Blessed are the dead who die in the Lord."

                      To the Memory of
               Coll.  A N T H O N Y   W A L K E
           a sincere Friend & chearful Companion       (sic)
           Steady in the practice of Christianity
                and a Zealous promoter of Virtue
           he was for many Years a Member
                   of the Houfe of Burgeffes
                and Judge of the Court of this County
           in his public capacity he behaved himself
             with an Uniform regard to Justice
             tempered with Mercy and in all refpects
             confulted the Interests of the County
                   over which he prefided

           he died the 8th day of November 1768
                in the 76 Year of his Age..

                      S A C R E D
                   To the Memory of
              A N N E    T .   daughter of
                  Anthy. & Anne Walke
                Who departed this life
                     Sept. 30 1817
               Aged 3 years  &  6 months

(This stone is lying flat on the ground).


                      S A C R E D
                   To the  Memory of
            S A R A H   L I V I N G S T O N
                      Daughter of
                  Anthy. & Anne Walke,
                Who departed this life
                    Sept. 26, 1819
                    Aged 5 months

(This stone is leaning).

                       S A C R E D
                    To  the  Memory of
                A N T H O N Y   W A L K E
                 Who departed  this  life
                      Sept. 13, 1820
                Aged 42 years and 8 months

(This stone is lying flat on the ground).


                       S A C R E D
                    To  the  Memory of
                  A N T H O N Y  Son of
                   Anthy. & Anne Walke
                 Who departed  this Life
                     Jany. 2nd 1833
                Aged 20 years  & 9 months

(This stone is leaning over).


                       S A C R E D
                    To  the  Memory of
               Mrs.   A N N E   W A L K E
                        relict of
                      Anthony Walke
                Died October 28th 18*33      *Illegible
              In the 60th. year of her age

(This stone is lying flat on the ground and broken).


                       S A C R E D
                    To  the  Memory of
               M A R Y   E L I Z A B E T H
                        J O N E S
                 Who departed  this life
                In the Borough of Norfolk
                 on the 25th. May(?) 1837
                      Aged 10 years.

(The verses on this stone are illegible. The stone is  lying
flat on the ground and is broken).


                      S A C R E D
                   To  the  Memory of
                A N N E   T A B I T H A
                      Daughter of
                  Anthy.  &  Anne Walke
                Who  departed  this life
                      Aug 4th. 1837
               Aged 20 years  &  2 months

(This stone is standing).


                       S A C R E D
                    To  the  Memory of
                 A N N   T A B I T H A
                  Infant  Daughter  of
                 James  R  and Angeline
                        W A L K E
                 Died October 3rd 1842
                    Aged  11  months

(This stone is lying flat on the ground).


                 M E M E N T O   O F
             D A V I D   M .   W A L K E
                   DAY OF JUNE 1854

        He was a firm believer in Christianity
           and in the Holy Scriptures, but
           acknowledges with shame having
            fallen far short of living in
            strict obedience to its holy
             precepts and commandments.
           The world can never give
           The bliss for which we sigh,
           `Tis not the whole of life to live,
           Nor all of death to die.

           Beyond this vale of tears
           There is a life above,
           Unmeasured by the flight of years,
           And all that life is love.

           Oh could we make our doubts remove-
           Those gloomy doubts that rise,
           And see the Canaan that we love,
           With faith's illumined eyes-

           Could we but climb where Moses stood,
           And view the landscape o'er-
           Not Jordan's stream, not death's cold flood
           Should fright us from the shore.


                    R I C H M O N D

     OCTOBER  TWENTY-THIRD,  1914.    We  spent  the  day in
Richmond and while there visited Hollywood Cemetary.  There,
in  Bishop  F.  M.  Whittle's  section  is  buried my sister
Caroline Lay, who married Frank M. Whittle, Jr., and in Rev.
Edwin  B.  Snead's  section  are  buried  my  sister  Louisa
Atkinson, who married Rev. Edwin B. Snead,  and  my  father,
the  Rev.  Lewis  Walke.   The inscription on the tomb of my
father follows:

                       In Memory
                   Rev.  Lewis  Walke
                  Born in Norfolk, Va.
                      Aug 11, 1819
                 Died in Cecil Co., Md.
                     March 16, 1887.

                  In my hands no price
                        I bring.
                  Simply  to  thy cross
                        I cling.



     OCTOBER TWENTY-FOURTH, 1914. - We  left  the  train  at
Greenwich  Station  and  first  made an effort to locate the
grave of Anthony Walke, 2d.  Upon inquiry at the station for
the old burying ground, we were pointed out a clump of trees
and bushes in a field about three quarters of a mile away on
the  right of the Railroad, southeast of the station.  There
we found the tomb of Mary Elizabeth Petty, but the  rest  of
the  graveyard  was covered with vines about three feet deep
and it was impossible to tell what was under them.  We could
not  lift  them  up or pull them aside.  We therefore walked
East about half a mile to the house of  a  Mr.  Hudgins  and
inquired.  He showed us a burying ground near the house, the
brick wall around which had apparently been recently  pushed
over  by  mulberry  trees in the enclosure.  Here we found a
Moseley vault with seven or eight  names  and  one  tomb  on
which the inscription was not legible.

     Desparing  of locating the grave of Anthony Walke, 2nd,
we walked from Mr. Hudgins' house north about three quarters
of  a mile to Greenwich Station, and then looked the "Lion's
Den" farm.  My older sisters call this place Elmwood and  my
father's  papers  speak  of  it  as  such.   It lies about a
quarter of a mile north of Greenwich Station  in  the  angle
between the road to Kempsville and the Newtown Landing road.
A Mr. Masters lives tere, who said it was called the "Lion's
Den," although he had only recently learned of the name.  He
says the name comes from a tradition that lions had a den in
a  hole  in  the  back  of the place, although he thinks the
animal was more likely a woodchuck.   Upon  our  asking  him
about  the  Moseley burying ground at "Greenwich" he pointed
southwest to  a  place  several  hundred  yards  beyond  the
Railroad  and  just  east  of the creek and told us that the
foundations of the old "Greenwich" mansion and  the  burying
ground  were  there in a clump of locust bushes.  We crossed
the railroad and endeavored to locate the graves, but  found
briars,  weeds  and  bushes growing to the height of a man's
head and so thick as to make progress both slow and painful.
We  searched  for  an  hour  but  to our disappointment were
forced to leave before penetrating far  enough  or  locating
the  graves in order to catch our train back to Norfolk.  We
hope to make as further attempt some other day.

                    N  O  R  F  O  L  K

     OCTOBER  TWENTY-FOURTH,  1914.  -   Upon returning from
Greenwich we went to Cedar Grove Cemetary, Norfolk,  and  in
my  Grandfather's  Section  -  lot  4, second alley West, we
found nine graves, which my sister Mary tells me  are  those

My Grandfather   My Uncle Calvert   My Sister Fanny
My Grandmother   My Sister Anna     My Father's first Wife
My Uncle William My Sister Julia    My Grandfather's
                                  Sister, Miss Peggy Nash.

We also found the following inscriptions on tombstones:

                     S A C R E D
                  To  the  Memory of
        Mrs.   E L I Z A B E T H   W A L K E
               Who departed  this  life
            On the 9th. day of June 1850
                   Aged 63 years


                     IN MEMORY OF
         MRS.   M A R Y   L .   W A L K E .
                       Wife   of
                  Rev.  LEWIS WALKE.
                 Born Octr. 8th 1820,
                Died Sept. 11th. 1855,
        She fell a victim of the pestilence,
         faithful unto death  a ministering
              angel  to  the suffering.
              Erected by the Ladies of
                   Christ Church.


                      S A C R E D
                   to  the  memory of
               W I L L I A M    W A L K E

                 Who departed  this  life
               On the 7th day of July 1882,
               In the 96th year of his age.


     In another lot  in  the  same  cemetary  we  found  the
following inscriptions:

                            I N
                         Memory of
                 J O H N   N .   W A L K E

                   Who departed  this  life
                     December 18th. 1839
*May be 51             Aged *31   years.
              Ah! Who can paint the briny tears
              We shed when thus we sever:
              When forced tp part for months, for years,
              To part perhaps forever.
              Yet if our souls are raised above,
              Tis sweet when thus we sever:
              Since parting in a Saviors love,
              We part to meet forever.

                           I N
                        Memory of
               Mrs.   A N N E   W A L K E .
                 Who departed  this  life,
                   November 13th. 1840,
                      Aged 68 years.


             "Let this vain world allure no more
                 Behold the op'ning tomb:
              It bids us use the present hour,
                 Tomorrow death may come."



                          M.   N.   W
                      A               A
                    N                   L
                  N                       K
                A                           E.
                        SEPT. 13,  1855,
                        AGED  15  YEARS.
                Death like an untimely frost
                snatched from us the fairest
                flower of the field.


          F R A N K   A N T H O N Y   W A L K E.  M.  D.
                        OCTOBER 1 ,  1831
                          JULY 5, 1904


                     A CONFEDERATE SOLDIER.

(On  his grave is a metal marker showing that he was Surgeon
46th Va. Inf. C. S. A.)

    In Elmwood Cemetary, in my Uncle Richard Walke's lot, we
found the following inscriptions:

                           Son   of
                   Richard & Mary D.  Walke
                     Born July 21 ,  1847
                      Died July 7,  1848


                         MARY  DIANA
                         Daughter of
                   Isaac & Sarah W. Talbot
                         and Wife of
                        Richard Walke
                    Born April 28,  1817
                     Died Feb. 3,  1859


                     ISAAC  TALBOT  WALKE
                           Son  of
                   Richard & Mary D.  Walke
                     Born Feby. 22,  1843
                      Killed   in battle
                        Oct.  9,  1864


                         RICHARD WALKE
                            Son  of
                   William & Elizabeth Walke
                       Born Aug. 2,  1812
                       Died Feb 11,  1872


                       Sacred  to  the
                          memory of
                     WILLOUGHBY WALKE, Jr.
                         only son of
                  Willoughby & Julia A. Walke
                        Jany 11,  1891
                        Feby 20,  1898.


                          HENRY WALKE
                        April  28, 1849
                       December 13, 1898


     In Elmwood Cemetary, in my  cousin  W.  Talbot  Walke's
lot, we found the following inscriptions:

                            son  of
                          W. Talbot &
                        Sally  R. Walke
                      Died June 24, 1879
                       Aged 2 Mos. 5 ds.

        ETHEL                     WILLIAM TALBOT WALKE, Jr.,
     Daughter of                            son of
     W. Talbot &                  Wm Talbot & Sally R Walke,
   Sally R. Walke.                    Born June 12,  1859
  Died June 23, 1880                  Died March 9, 1893
Aged 3 yrs, 7 Mos, 8 ds

    JAMES N.  WALKE                    W. TALBOT WALKE
      1864 - 1901                        1838 - 1905

     In  Elmwood Cemetary, in my cousin Richard Walke's lot,
we found the following inscriptions:

                        RICHARD CALVERT
                            Son  of
                       RICHARD & ANNIE N.
                       OCTOBER 31,  1878
                         JUNE 1,  1879.
                      LITTLETON  TAZEWELL
                            Son  of
                         Richard Walke
                      Annie Nivison Walke
                       February 12, 1877,
                        March 10,  1901.


[End of notes made and written by Lewis  Walke;  information
was received from Mrs. Diana Walke Parks some years ago.]

    "Springfield"  was  recently  referred to as the Wishart
House, and is now called the Lynnhaven House.   "Fairfields"
was  at  the  location  of  the shopping center of that name
across from the Kempsville Area Library.

This copy made by Calvert Walke Tazewell, Jr., July, 1983.

     It  appears  that  the graves from the Fairfields grave
site were moved to Old Donation Church.  The graves  of  the
following were observed there on April 20, 1984:

Col. Anthony Walke (1692-1768) (vault, inscription
     now mostly illegible)
Annie T. Walke (1814-1817)
Sarah Livingston Walke (1819-1819)
Anthony Walke (1778-1820)
Anthony Walke (1813-1833)
Anne Tabitha Walke (1817-1837)
Ann Tabitha Walke (1841-1842)
David M. Walke (1800-1854) (shaft)

The  other  two listed in the "Lewis Walke Visit" (Mrs. Anne
Walke and Mary Elizabeth  Jones)  may  be  at  Old  Donation
Church,  but  no longer with headstones.  There is one grave
that has only a small part of the base remaining.

     Also, the one tombstone listed as being at "the  Ferry"
Plantation  is  now at Old Donation Church.  The inscription
says "Here lay the remains" instead of "lie."

     Two  additional  graves  at  Old  Donation  Church   of
interest are:

                    THE FAMILY GRAVEYARD

                   Col. Edward H. Moseley
                     Died Feb. 4, 1814
                           Age 71

(DAR marker identifies him  as  a  Revolutionary  soldier,
living 1746-1811.)

                  Capt. Jonathan Saunders
                 Died 1st Jan. 1765, age 39

Two relatively recent family graves at Old  Donation  Church

  Sacred to the memory of         Sacred to the memory of
      RUFUS PARKS                    DIANA TALBOT PARKS
   son of Rufus Parks               wife of Rufus Parks
      and his wife                daughter of Richard Walke
       Aline Pety                      and his wife
   Born March 15, 1880             Anne Nivison Bradford
   Died Nov. 24,  1956              Born Dec. 20, 1887
                                    Died Dec. 9,  1975

                     HISTORY OF NEWTOWN


    The Virginia Research Center for  Archaeology  conducted
an  archaeological  survey between September 14 and November
30, 1978, on the property traditionally believed to  be  the
site of Newtown, an 18th century settlement near the Eastern
Branch of the Elizabeth River.   This  area,  which  is  now
encompassed  by  the city of Norfolk, Virginia, is currently
being developed into the Pleasant Point subdivision.
     The  VRCA's  reconnaissance  survey  was  made  at  the
request of the property owner and developer, Edwin S. Brock,
subsequent   to   his   discovery   of   a   large  18th  c.
archaeological deposit which was  revealed  by  construction
activities.    Historical map reaearch conducted at the VRCA
as well  as  datable  artifacts  from  the  site  helped  to
substantiate the local tradition that the survey area was in
fact a portion of the 18th century settlement of Newtown.

                   HISTORY OF NEWTOWN

     The  land  in  modernday  Norfolk  which  was  in   the
eighteenth  century  the  site  of  Newtown, a thriving port
town, has a lengthy and distinguished history.  Beginning in
1697  and extending into the first quarter of the nineteenth
century, Newtown was a center of commerce  and  trade.    It
served  variously  as  the  seat of the Princess Anne County
government  and  the  home  of  several  prominent  Virginia
citizens.   During the American Revolution it was to Newtown
that many Norfolk citizens  fled  during  the  conflagration
which  consumed their city.  In the early nineteenth century
when the Courthouse  was  relocated  to  Kempsville  and  as
inland commerce accelerated, Newtown's importance diminished
    Originally,  Newtown  lay  within  the  jurisdiction  of
Elizabeth City County.  By 1636 the area on the  south  side
of Hampton Roads became New Norfolk County.  However, due to
the rapid influx of settlers, only a year later New  Norfolk
County  was  divided  into  two separate entities, Upper and
Lower Norfolk Counties.  The Newtown land  was  included  in
the Lynnhven Parish of Lower Norfolk County until 1691, when
Princess Anne County was formed.
     The  first  Virginia  colonist to patent land along the
northern side of the Eastern Branch of the  Elizabeth  River
in  the  vicinity  of  Newtown  was  Barthalomew Hoskins who
patented 10 acres on the Hampton River on November 3,  1637.
Hoskins,  or  Hospkins,  as  his name was variously spelled,
came to Virginia prior to the departure of Sir  Thomas  Dale
in  1616.    Termed  an  "ancient  planter,"  Hoskins' early
Adventure qualified him to receive a 100 acre land grant  as
a  headright and to be exempt from military service and most
public levies.(1)
     By  January 1, 1645, Barthalomew Hoskins' land holdings
included  "800  acres  upon  the  northward  side  of   ther
Ewd/branch  of Elizabeth River, near Hoskins Creek."(2)  The
800 acre grant was assigned to Hoskins for his  having  paid
for  the  transportation  of  16 persons to the Colony.  The
refernce to the grant's being  near  Hoskins  Creek  implies
that he was already residing in the general area at the time
he applied for the 1624 patent.  Hoskins served as a Burgess
for Lower Norfolk County between 1649 and 1655/6.(3)
     An immigrant named Thomas Holt  also  patented  acreage
along   the  Eastern  Branch  of  the  Elizabeth,  in  close
proximity to Hoskins.  He was granted 500 acrea on  May  22,
1637,  50  acres  for  his  personal adventure and 450 acres
additional  acres  for  the  transportation  of  nine  other
     Sometime prior to 1645 Holt sold a parcel  of  land  to
Symon  Hancock,  whose widow, Sarah, patented it on November
29, 1654.  Her patent for 300 acres  indicates  that  a  100
acre  portion  of  the patented land had been purchased from
Holt by her deceased husband and that the remaining land was
adjacent  to "Mr. Moseleys land" from which it was separated
by a creek.   A  later  patent  identifies  the  watercourse
separating  the  Hancock  and  Moseley properties as Hoskins
Creek and indicated that that portion of the land  had  been
previously  purchased  from  Barthalomew  Hoskins.(5)  Sarah
Hancock repatented her 300 acre tract on November 23,  1657,
reiterating  that  the  land  was  "due  her  as  relict and
     Little is known about the deceased Symond [sic] Hancock
(Handcock, Handcocke) except that he was numbered among  the
earliest  settlers  in Lower Norfolk County and that on July
16, 1642 he participated in that area's first jury trial  of
a civil case.(7)
     The succeeding patent reference to the Hancock property
occurs  in  the  March  18,  1662 patent to William Hancock.
This document states that the 300 acres of  land  which  had
been  previously  granted to Sarah Hancock had been assigned
by her to her son, William.(8)
     On  October  3, 1671 William Hancock patented 700 acres
in Lower Norfolk Couinty.  Along with some  newly  purchased
acreage,  his  grant included the original 300 acre tract he
had acquired from his mother, Sarah Hancock.(9)
      The  will  of  William  Hancock, dated April 14, 1687,
conveyed to his three sons, Simon, William and  Samuel,  all
of  his  land  on the east side of Hoskins Creek.(10)  It is
the elder son, Simon Hancock, who in 1697 elected to sell  a
portion  of the land he had inherited from his father to the
men who proposed to establish Newtown.
     The  desirability  of  the  Elizabeth  River  area  for
settlement had been noted by Ralph Lane of  Roanoke  Island,
North  Carolina,  who visited the Norfolk area well ahead of
the arrival of the first colonists at Jamestown.   Land  and
his  exploring party found an Indian village situated on the
shore of the Elizabeth River and commented on the  temperate
climate,  lush vegetation, and almost idyllic setting of the
land south of the Chesapeake.(11)
     According  to  the  1673  map of Virginia and Maryland,
prepared by Augustin Hermann  and  Thomas  Withinbrook,  the
area  along  the  shores  of  the  Elizabeth  River was well
settled by the third quarter of the seventeenth century.
     Evidence  of  the  popularity and accessibility of this
locality is demonstrated  by  the  fact  that  a  chapel  of
Lynnhaven  Parish  was  erected  on  the  north  side of the
Eastern Branch of the Elizabeth River in 1661, just east  of
the  Newtown  land.(12)  This chapel is first mentioned in a
Lower Norfolk County Court Order and was apparently a  frame
structure.  Records show that the builder, Henry Snaile, was
alleged to have been progressing so slowly that some of  the
Chapel's  timbers  had  become  too  rotten for use.  He was
ordered to "goe forward with the worke he hath begun."(13)
     Deed  references to adjacent property indicate that the
chapel next to the Newtown land was still  standing  and  in
use  until  at  least 1700.  During that period the Reverend
John Saunders served as minister of  the  Parish  and  lived
     A February  2,  1697  deed  of  conveyance  from  Simon
Hancock,  Jr. transferred 51 acres "scituate lying and being
on the North side of the Western  branch  of  the  Elizabeth
River  in  Princess  Anne  County" to Anthony Lawson, Edward
Moseley, Sr., and William Moseley, Jr.,  who  undertook  the
establishment  of a new town.  The purchase price was 10,000
pounds of tobacco.(16)  The deed refers to Simon Hancock, Jr
as  "son  of  William Hancock, late of Lower Norfolk County,
now Princess Anne County, planter" and states that the tract
is  "parte  of  the land and plantacon whereon Simon Hancock
now lives."(17)
     The  will of William Hancock, dated April 14, 1687, had
beqeathed "unto my eldest Sone Simon Hancocke ye  Plantation
I now live on Bounded with a small Cr. ye mouth of wch. runs
in a little  below  the  Chapele  and  runneth  up  nigh  my
dwelling  house and bounded Ely with an old trench on ye Nw.
on a Cr. formaly Cald hoskins Cr. and nly. on a branch  cald
deep branch."(18)
     The three grantees also lived closely.  Anthony  Lawson
owned  land  to  the  east  of  the Newton tract whereas the
Moseley family had owned property just across Hoskins  Creek
from Newtown since at least 1654.
     All three of these early land developers were prominent
Virginia   citizens.      Lawson  served  in  the  House  of
Burgess[es] from 1680 until  1692,  Willian  Moseley  was  a
Burgess at the time he purchased Handcock's land, and Edward
Moseley  became  a  Burgess  in  1700,  only   three   years
     The Newtown deed described the property as:

     beginning at a point of land at the mouth  of
     a  small  cove  or  creek  a little below the
     Chappell in the said Eastern Branch  and  soe
     running  up  along  the  sd. cove or ccreek a
     little above a small  marked  pine  tree  and
     from thence west north-west seventy-two poles
     along a line of stakes stuck in the ground to
     the creek that runs betwixt the sd. plantacon
     of the said Hancock and the plantacon of  the
     sd. Edward Moseley, Sr. and so down the water
     side  of  the  sd.  creek  according  to  the
     several  meanders  thereof  to  the  end of a
     point known by the name of  long  point,  and
     soe  up along the eastern branch river to the
     first menconed point  at  the  mouth  of  the
     Chappell cove or creek.(20)
     In  keeping  with the prevalent belief in town building
as a means of  strengthening  and  broadening  the  Virginia
economy,  the deed states the intention of the purchasers to
establish the town "in hopes and designed to be for building
storehouses  and  other  houses, thereon for accomodation of
merchasndising and for cohabitatiion and a place  for  pride
for  buying  and  selling  of  goods  and merchandize in the
nature or quantity of a town."(21)  Lawson and the  Moseleys
pledged  their  willingness  to promote rapid development of
the town site and agreed not to:

     refuse to putt to sale any of the land to any
     person...  provided  that  they shall perform
     the  conditions  hereafter  expressed:   that
     every  person  purchasing  one  lott  or half
     acre, or more, betwixt the date herre of  and
     the  first  day of March 1698/9 shall and doe
     build a goodhouse on each such lott or  halfe
     acre  of land 20 feet long and 15 feet broad,
     by or before the first day  of  March  1698/9
     and  paying  into the said purchaser above sd
     for each lott soe built on noe more  than  it
     really  cost  the  sd purchaser . . . but for
     want of such buildings .  .  .  the  same  to
     revert to the above sd first purchaser.(22)
Thus,  any  lots  purchased  within  the  first  year of the
grantees' ownership could be bought at  the  original  cost;
however  if these lots were not improved by the construction
of a 15 by 20 foot dwelling within that year, the land would
revert back to Lawson and the Moseleys.  Lots were to be 1/2
acre in size.
     Persons  who  purchased  lots after March 1, 1698/9 and
for the four succeeding years thereafter "shall  pay  double
the  price  of  the  first  purchase  and  will  buld such a
house"(23) with the same  conditional  terms  of  ownership,
should they not improve their lots accordingly.
     Such  deed  restrictions  were  not  uncommon  in   the
planning  of  late  seventeenth and early eighteenth century
towns.  In localities such  as  Princess  Anne's  and  Queen
Mary's  Ports,  near  Williamsburg,  which  were laid out in
1699, similar  conditions  were  specified.    Whether  this
promotional policy proved practical or enforceable is highly
debatable; however it was commonly accepted in its day.
     The  1697 deed of Simon Handcock also specified that he
reserved the right to choose any  two  of  the  town's  lots
"except  that  at  the  Catch  landing."(24)  According to a
March 3, 1698  deed,  Hancock  sold  the  two  lots  he  had
reserved  for  himself  to  William  Clowes  and Christopher
Cocke, merchants, for 1,000 pounds of  tobacco.    The  lots
were  located  "on  the long point and the other adjacent to
the branch next to the Cove easterly."(25)   The  deed  does
not  indicate  whether  the lots were improved; however they
may have  been  sold  to  avoid  being  confiscated  by  the
original  purchasers.    It should be noted that land values
had appreciated 50% for one year's time, ie. Hancock sold  a
total  of  one acre for a tenth of what he had sold 51 acres
for only twelve months previously.  The fact that Clowes and
Cocke  were  merchants  may  imply  that  the  property  was
considered to have commercial value.
     Although  no  plat  of the Newtown plan is though to be
extant,   according   to    several    eighteenth    century
cartographers, a street ran along a northeast-southwest axis
toward the center of Long Point and was the antecedent of  a
portion  of  modernday Newtown Road.(26)  A 1741 plat of the
lots at Newtown indicates that  a  street  also  ran  in  an
east-west  direction across the Long Point.(27)  (see Figure
1 [not provided])
     A  June  8,  1698  deed  from Anthony Lawson and Edward
Moseley, Sr. to Edward Moseley,  Jr.,  conveyed  a  one-half
acre lot "on the west side of the street running down toward
the long point and contains 3 poles along the said  st.  for
breadth and for length is bounded by Mr. Moseley's creek and
the said Street being the 13th lot from the  west  northwest
line  of  the  said  tract.   Note: lot is the uppermost lot
adjoining Simon Hancock's land."(28)
     Also on June 8, 1698 Anthony Lawson and Edward Moseley,
Sr. sold to  Simon  Hancock  a  lot  west  of  Captain  John
Thorogood's  [sic]  lot and which ran "along the street next
the branch, then north to the middle west northwest  Street,
then...   east   southeast   to  Captain  J.  Thoroughgood's
lot."(29) This  deed  indicates  that  a  street  paralleled
Hoskins  Creek,  also  roughly  paralleling  the access road
toward Long Point.  It  should  be  noted  that  the  street
pattern  suggested by deed examination approximates the town
plan of Princess Anne Port, Virginia and  Bath  Town,  North
Carolina,  as  well  as  the  plans  of  several other North
Carolina port towns, as  depicted  by  cartographer,  C.  J.
Sauthier.    In  each instance a central street bisected the
town whereas other streets paralleled the waterfront at  its
     A Newtown lot bequeathed by Col. Anthony Lawson to  his
son,  Thomas,  was sold to Lewis Connor on May 4, 1702.  The
inventory of the deceased Anthony Lawson is a testimonial of
his  affluent  lifestyle.  Many items of monogrammed silver,
jewelry, silk curtains and fine linens  are  included  among
the  numerous  items  which  were  divided  among  his  five
     Thomas  Walke,  son  of  Thomas Walke of Barbadoes, was
also a lot owner at Newtown.  He and  his  wife,  Katherine,
were residing at Newtown in 1714 when he was a member of the
House of Burgess.  A prominent merchant and  planted,  Walke
was a appointed agent for the Newtown storehouse in 1715 and
served on the Lynnhaven Parish Vestry as Church Warden  that
same  year.    He  also  served as Justice of the Peace from
January 4, 1715 until July 5, 1723.  Thomas Walke was a  Lt.
Colonel of the militia.(31)
     In his May 22, 1722 will Thomas Walke conveyed  to  his
son,  Thomas,  "my  land amd houses in Newtown, also my said
Thomas all ye Smith's tools that belong to ye  Smith's  shop
in  Newtown or that shall here after come from England."(32)
. . .
     According  to Deed book 6, page 403, on January 7, 1732
Col. Edward Moseley gave as a gift the southernmost  of  his
six  contiguous lots to James Nimmo, a surveyor.  The lot is
described as being "near the lott that  was  formerly  James
Isorels,   dec."      and  "lay  along  the  west  northwest
street."(35)  A May 1743 deed  reference  to  the  same  lot
states  that  it was given to Charles Smythe of Newtown with
the  "full  and  absolute  liberty  to  build  and  erect  a
schoolhouse."(36)    Apparently  the lot already contained a
house, because the deed refers to maintaining  the  building
"as it is now built of a schoolhouse . . . house shall be so
kept up and repaired for the said  use."(37)    Inasmuch  as
Charles Smythe's 1749 will lists his occupation as merchant,
one is led to assume that his interest in the Newtown school
was   oriented   more   toward   sponsorship   than   actual
     Captain William Parsons, a Newtown merchant, received a
letter from Edward Moseley requesting credit for  Mr.  Peter
Fraiser  of Marytland, who had married "one of Mr. Bolithos'
daughters."  The November 25, 1735 letter requested that the
credit be extended "at your store in Newtown."(39)
     James Powell was residing at  Newtown  on  October  13,
1738 when he placed an ad in Parks' Virginia Gazette:

     Run away the 26th of September last, from New
     Town, on the Eastrn Branch of Elizabeth River
     a   Servant   Man,  nam'd  Phillip  Davis,  a
     Lancashire  Masn,  in   a   middle   stature,
     well-set,  and  broad  shoulder'd, of a ruddy
     complection, with long strait Hair of a Sandy
     Colour.    He  had  on, he went away, a brown
     coat, with white Mettal Buttons, an  Oznibrig
     Shirt  and  Trowsers,  a  Felt Hat about half
     worn, and a  Pair  of  Old  Shoes.    Whoever
     apprehends  and brings he said Servant to me,
     at new Town aforesaid, shall have  a  Pistole
     Reward, besides the allowance by Law.(40)
     Apparently   the   fact   that  Newtown,  when  it  was
established in 1697, was not officially sanctioned as a town
by  Act of Assembly, caused many controversies to arise over
land titles and lot ownership.(41)    on  May  27,  1740  "a
petition  of  the Freeholders and Inhabitants of Newtown, in
the  County  of  Princess  Anne,  was  presented  and  read;
praying, That an Act of Assembly may be made, to constitute,
confirm and appoint the said Place for a town, called by the
Name  of  New-Town."(42)    The  next  day, May 28, 1740 "on
consideration of a  Proposition  from  the  Freeholders  and
Inhabitants of new Town, in the County of Princess Anne, for
conferring their Titles to the said Lands purchased at  that
Place,  and  for  appointed  and  established the same for a
Town, by the Name of New-Town, as it is now bounded and laid
out, resolved That the said Proposition is reasonable."(43)
   The act establishing Newtown states:

     Whereas it  hath  been  represented  to  this
     Assembly  that colonel Anthony Lawson, Edward
     Moseley, and William Moseley  jun.,  all  now
     deceased,  did  in  the year one thousand six
     hundred and  niney  seven,  purchase  of  one
     Simon Hancock, fifty one acres of land, lying
     and being in the parish of Lynnhaven, in  the
     county  of  Princess Anne, bounded, as in the
     deed for the same, dated the  second  day  of
     February,   in   the   year   aforesaid,   is
     particularly mentioned, and did lay  out  the
     same  in  lots  and steets for a town, by the
     name of New Town; and made sale of said  lots
     to divers persons, who have since settled and
     built thereon: And that the  said  fifty  one
     acres  of  land  is  convenioent for trade ad
     navigation; but because the same was not laid
     out,  and  erected  into  a  town  by  act of
     Assembly,     many     controversies      and
     inconveniences   are  likely  to  arise,  For
     presenting all doubts in that matter,
         Be  it enacted . . . that the said parcel
     .  .  .  is  hereby  constituted,  appointed,
     erected  and  established  as  a town, in the
     manner it is already laid  out  in  lots  and
     streets,  to be called by and retain the name
     of New Town.(44)
    . . . In February  1745  the  people  of  Newtown  again
brought  their  community  to  the attention of the House of
Burgess, this time when a question of aesthetics was raised.
According   to   the   records   of  the  Assembly,  "it  is
represented, that a great number of  hogs  are  raised,  and
suffered  to  go  at  large  in  Newtown  . . . to the great
prejudice of the inhabitants thereof."(47)  Therefore an Act
was  passed  making  it unlawful "for any person or persons,
owners of any swine, to suffer the same  to  run  or  go  at
large  within  the limits of the town . . . and if any swine
shall be found running or going at large,  within  the  said
limits,  it  shall  be  lawful for any person whatsoever, to
kill and destroy every such swine."  The law then stiputated
that  the  swine's  carcass be left in situ and the owner so
notified.  All animals slaughtered in this manner were to be
given  to  the poor.(48)  A month later, the Act was amended
to include a prohibition on wandering sheep.(49) . . .
     On  March 23, 1732 the inhabitants of Newtown presented
a petition to the Executive  Council,  requesting  that  the
Princess   Anne   County   Courthouse   be  moved  to  their
     In  response  to  their  request, on April 7, 1752 "The
Board having this  day  resumed  the  Consideration  of  the
Petitioners  for  removing  the  Courthouse of Princess Anne
County to New Town are of Opinion that New Town is the  most
firm  and  convenient  place  for  the  Courthouse and it is
accordingly Ordered that a Commodious  Court  House  with  a
Good  and  Sufficient  Prison, and Pillory be erected at the
expense of the Petitioners."(52)
     Prior  to  the  agreement  of  the Executive Council to
relocate the Courthouse at Newtown, James Nimmo, Sr. had  in
1750  expressed  his willingness to donate "half of a Lot of
Land" for that purpose.(53)   Therefore  subsequent  to  his
death on August 21, 1753, his son and heir, William Nimmo, a
Princess Anne County attorney, conveyed the property to Col.
Edward  Hack Moseley, "half of a lott of land scituate lying
and being in Newtown . . . whereon the  New  Courthouse  now
stands,"(54)  thus  indicating that the courthouse was built
by that date; the Princess Anne County Court was located  at
Newtown  until  1778 when it was shifted to Kempsville.  The
deed reiterates James  Nimmo's  wish  to  donate  the  land,
stating  that he "had agreed to transfer and convey unto the
said Col. Edward Hack  Moseley  for  the  use  of  the  said
Courthouse and other Public Buildings relating thereto."(55)
The deceased James Nimmo, Sr.  bequested  the  rest  of  his
"Lotts  or  Pieces  of  Lotts in Newtown" to his son, James,
Jr.(56) . . .
     It   would   appear  that  the  improvement  of  inland
transportation and the relocation  of  the  county  seat  to
Kempsville doomed Newtown to mediocrity.  Thus, at the onset
of the nineteenth century, Newtown,  like  many  other  18th
century  planned  towns,  slipped  into obscurity once their
political and economical raison d'etre vanished.


                   FOOTNOTE BIBLIOGRAPHY

1.   Nell  M.  Nugent,  Cavaliers  and  Pioneers,  Volume  I
(Baltimore, 1974), 7: Patent Book I, 45.
2. Ibid., 178: Patent Book 2, 157.
3. Ibid., xxxiv.
4. Ibid., 57; Patent Book 1, 423.
5.  Nell  M.  Nugent,  Cavaliers  and  Pioneers,  Volume II,
(Baltimore, 1977), 99: Patent Book 6, 379.
6. Nugent, Volume I, 354: Patent Book 4, 127.
7. C. B. Cross, Jr., The County  Court,  1637-19?4,  Norfolk
County,  Virginia  (Portsmouth,  1964),  9:    Lower Norfolk
County Record Book A, 140.
8. Nugent, Volume I, 504, 505: Patent Book 5, 341.
9. Nugent, Volume II, 99: Patent Book 6, 379.
10. Lower Norfolk County Deeds and Wills, 1666-1675>/i>, V, fol.
11.  W.  H.  Stewart,  History  of  Norfolk County, Virginia
(Chicago, 1902), 16.
12.  G. C. Mason, ed., The Colonial Vestry Book of Lynnhaven
Parish, Princess Anne County,  Virginia  1723-1786  (Newport
News, 1949), xix.
13. Lower Norfolk County Deeds and  Wills  ,  1666-1675,  V.
fol. 8.
14. Ibid., fol. 23; Princess Anne County Deeds 1691-1788, I,
15.  Lower  Norfolk  County  Virginia  Antiquary,  Volume  I
(Baltimore, 1897), 61.
16. Princess Anne County Deed Book I, 167.
17. Ibid., 167.
18. Lower Norfolk County Deeds and  Wills  ,  1666-1675,  V,
fol. 23.
19. H.R.McIlwaine, ed., Journal  of  the  House  of  Burgess
(Richmond MCMXV), index.
20. Princess Anne County Deed Book I, 167.
21. Ibid., 167.
22. Ibid., 167.
23. Ibid., 167.
24. Ibid., 167.
25. Ibid., 173.
26. Crumblier D'Opterre, "Virginia: Embouchure de la Baye de
Chesapeake,"    1781,   facsimile,   Colonial   Williamsburg
Foundation,  Williamsburg,  Virginia;  Unknown,  "A  map  of
Princess  Anne  County,  prepared  during  the Revolution by
English Army Engineers for the use of said Army while  under
the  command of Benedict Arnold, the Traitor while he was in
command at Portsmouth in 1781, "1781,"  facsimile,  Virginia
State Library, Richmond, Virginia.
27. James Nimmo, "A Survey at  the  request  of  Capt.  Jno.
Hutchings  a  point  or plott of land lying and being in New
Town. . . .," December  5,  1741,  Virginia  State  Library,
Richmond, Virginia.
28. Princess Anne County Deed Book I, 232.
29. Ibid., 232.
30. Lower Norfolk Co. Antiquary, 48.
31. William and Mary Quarterly, series I, Page 75.
32. Princess Anne County Deeds and Wills, 1714-1724, 532.
33.  Virginia  Magazine  of  History and Biography (Richmond
1922), XXXI, 183.
34. Princess Anne County Deed Book I, Novemnber 5, 1716.
35. Ibid., VI, 403.
36. Ibid., VI, 226.
37. Ibid., VI, 226.
38.  J. H. Creecy, Virginia Antiquary, Vol. I, Princess Anne
County Loose Papers, 1700-1789 (Richmond, 1954), 33.
39. Ibid., 2.
40. Parks'  Virginia  Gazette  (Williamsburg),  October  13,
1738, page 4 column 2.
41. W. W. Hening, Statutes at  Large  (Richmond,  1820),  V,
42. McIlwaine, Journal of House of Burgess, 1736-1740, 401.
43. Ibid., 405, 406.
44. Hening, Statutes, V, 106.
45. Creecy, Virginia Antiquary,  16 (loose Papers, Box 2a).
46. Ibid., 167.
47. Hening, Statutes, V, 387, 388.
48. Ibid., V, 387, 388.
49. McIlwaine, Journal of House, 1742, 1748-9, 221.
50. Creecy, Virginia Antiquary, I 34 (Loose Papers, Box A6).
51.  H.  R. McIlwaine, ed., Executive Journal of the Council
of Colonial Virginia, V, 379.
52. Ibid., V, 384.
53. Lower Norfolk Co. Antiquary, I, 92.
54. Princess Anne County Deed Book VII, 504.
55. Ibid., VII, 504.
56. Lower Norfolk Co. Antiquary, I, 90.
57. Creecy, Virginia Antiquary, I, 78.
58. Stewart, Norfolk County, 46.
59. H. R. McIlwaine, ed., Journal of Council  of  State,  II
(Richmond, 1932), 420.
60. W. P. Palmer,  Calendar  of  State  Papers,  (Richmond),
VIII, 91.
61. Unknown, "Benedict Arnold Map," 1781.
62. D'Opterre, "Embrochure de la Baye Chesapeake," 1781.
63.  Unknown,  "Map  of  Princxess   Anne   County,"   1785,
facsimile, Viginia State Library, Richmond, Virginia.
64. Creecy, Virginia Antiquary I, 128.
65. Ibid., 169 (Loose Papers, Box A43).
66. Lower Norfolk Co. Antiquary, I, 94.
67. Ibid., 94 (ft nt).
68.  James  Madison,  "Virginia,"  1807,  facsimile,   VRCA,
Williamsburg, Virgnia.
69.  Herman  Boye,  "Virginia,"   1823,   facsimile,   VRCA,
Williamsburg, Virginia.

From An Archeological and Historical Survey of the  Cultural
Resources   at   Newtown,   Norfolk,   Virginia.    J.  Mark
Whittkofski,  Martha  W.  McCartney  and   Beverly   Bogley,
Williamsburg,  Va.: Virginia Reserach Center for Archeology,
December, 1979.

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