(Maltkiln Old Factory)
Map Ref. SD930248
Malt Kiln factory on map
GAUKROGER & SMITH
FIELDEN Joshua & Sons
GREENWOOD Joseph & FIELDEN Samuel
Mrs. Mary Sutcliffe, widow, is a cotton manufacturer at living at Ewood Mill in 1841 and 1851. By 1861 she has moved her business to CROW CARR INGS. Her husband was Eli Sutcliffe who was a bookkeeper living at Ewood Mill in the late 1820’s and early 1830’s. From about 1834 he started up in the manufacturing business, living at Hanging Ditch, Ibbotroyd and Stiles before he died. Although there is no supporting evidence, it is highly likely he carried out his business at Ewood Mill and when he died his widow continued.
mainly researched, recorded and referenced by Mrs Sheila Wade
Hebden Bridge WEA Local History Group
Notes from John Travis, contemporary historian:
Before Mr Thos. Ramsbotham erected Centre Vale House in 1826-8 he occupied the cottage or master's house at the far end of Ewood or Malt Kiln Old Factory at which place he had the cotton carding and spinning done, and all the putting out of warps and weft to country side weavers. At the end near the river he had an iron foundry and a staff of moulders and mechanics producing cotton machinery for Knott Mill at the bottom of Deansgate, Manchester, of which he was a partner or owner, the machines when ready being sent off from Todmorden canal wharf by Messrs. J. and J. Veevers' boats to Manchester. The exact date Mr. Ramsbotham came to Todmorden is not known, but it was in the early days of the cotton trade.
The Malt Kiln, or Ewood old factory and cottage, were sold out in Mrs. Crossley’s days, Mr. John Heap, ex-constable, being the agent. Mr. Samuel Fielden was the purchaser for £5,000. He also bought the Ewood Estate and mansion at the death of Mr. James Stansfield, solicitor, for 11,000 guineas.
Land Tax Assessments 1803.
Land Tax Assessments 1804
John STANSFIELD himself for Ewood Factory
Stansfield Township Map 1805
Malt Kiln factory marked and looks to be in Todmorden rather than Stansfield.
1805 Valuation of Stansfield
Part of Scaitcliffe, part of a factory building and part of lodge; owned by John Crossley; occupied by Thomas Ramsbotham; annual value £5.18s.6d.
Holden 1809, 1810 and 1811
James & Thomas Ramsbotham of Ewood Mill Todmorden, cotton manufacturers and spinners.
Crompton’s 1811 spindle enquiry
Malt Kiln (no firm stated) 1,296 mule spindles and 600 throstle spindles.
1813 sittings at St. Mary’s Church
The highest price was 7/1d paid by Mr. Thomas Ramsbotham of Ewood Mill.
Mr. Ramsbotham, Ewood Mill, mentioned in account books of Jeremiah Jackson.
Cragg Turnpike Trustee, Thomas Ramsbotham, Ewood Mill.
Stansfield Township map 1816
Haywood (Ewood) Mill marked on land owned part by John Crossley and part by Thomas Ramsbotham. Partly in Stansfield and partly in Todmorden.
Thomas Ramsbotham, cotton spinner & manufacturer, Ewood Mill
John Stansfield, cotton spinner & manufacturer, Ewood.
Thomas Ramsbotham, cotton spinner & merchant
Map of Todmorden 1823
Shows part of Malt Kiln and dams on land owned by John Crossley esq. Remainder of Malt Kiln owned by Mr. Greenwood.
James & Thomas Ramsbotham & Co. cotton manufacturers and merchants, Ewood and Foster Mills.
James & Thomas Ramsbotham & Co. Ewood and Foster Mills, cotton spinners & manufacturers, dimity and fustian.
James & Thomas Ramsbotham & Co. cotton spinners & manufacturers and merchants, Ewood Mill.
Parson & White 1830
James & Thomas Ramsbotham & Co. cotton manufacturers and merchants, Ewood Mill.
James & Thomas Ramsbotham & Co., iron & brass founders, Ewood Mill.
James & Thomas Ramsbotham & Co. cotton spinners & manufacturers, Ewood Mill.
James & Thomas Ramsbotham, Ewood, cotton spinners & manufacturers
Mary Sutcliffe, aged 35, Ewood Mill, cotton manufacturer
Mrs. Sutcliffe, Malt Kiln, Stansfield, cotton manufacturer.
Gaukroger & Smith, Ewood Mill, cotton spinners & manufacturers
Gaukroger & Smith, Ewood Mill, cotton spinners & manufacturers
Report of the Inspector of Factories 1846
Report by R. J. Saunders. - Teacher's Certificate annulled.
I have annulled the certificate of Sarah Greenbank, a schoolmistress in Todmorden township in the Parish of Rochdale for immoral conduct. The only children attending her school were those employed by Messrs. Gaukroger and Smith of Ewood factory in the same township.
Note: The immoral conduct appears to be that Miss Greenbank was unmarried and pregnant. Her daughter Elizabeth was born in 1846. Sarah must have been forgiven, as she was still the teacher in 1851. By then, the school had just 13 scholars enrolled, 2 boys and 11 girls. Reading, writing and knitting were on offer, although only 4 of the 13 chose to learn how to write. Miss Sarah Greenbank was the mistress on a salary of £13 a year. Her 5-year-old daughter was living with her at the school.
Factory Act prosecutions 1847-48
Gaukroger & Smith fined for administrative breaches £2 plus 11/6d costs.
Halifax Guardian 14th April 1849
To be let. Mill now used as cotton mill at Ewood near Todmorden with water wheel 15 feet high and 2 reservoirs. Premises adjoining road from Todmorden to Burnley half a mile from Todmorden. Possession may be had on 1st June next. Apply John Crossley esq. Scaitcliffe, the owner.
Joshua Fielden, Ewood Mill, aged 59, cotton manufacturer.
Samuel Fielden (son) aged 32, overlooker
Joseph Greenwood (son-in-law) aged 28, powerloom weaver.
Mary Sutcliffe, Ewood Mill, aged 46, widow, cotton manufacturer
John Stansfield, Ewood, aged 60, cotton spinner.
Joshua Fielden & Sons, Ewood Mill, manufacturers of cotton goods
Todmorden Rates Book 1860
Occupied by Joshua Fielden; owned by John Crossley; cotton mill; Ewood; rateable value £68.9s.4d.
Todmorden and Hebden Bridge Advertiser 28th July 1860
Partnership between Joshua Fielden, Samuel Fielden and Joseph Greenwood, cotton spinners & manufacturers at Ewood Mill, under the style of Joshua Fielden & Sons, dissolved and carried on by Samuel Fielden and Joseph Greenwood.
Todmorden Post Office Directory 1861
Joshua Fielden & Sons, cotton spinners & manufacturers, Ewood Mill
Joshua Fielden & Sons, cotton spinners & manufacturers, Ewood Mill.
Todmorden Rates Book 1861-63
Occupied by Greenwood & Fielden; owned by John Crossley; cotton mill; Ewood; rateable value £68.9s.4d.
Todmorden Rates Book 1864-69
Empty; owned by John Crossley; cotton mill; Ewood; rateable value £68.9s.4d.
1866 – rateable value £80.3s.0d.
Halifax Guardian 14th December 1867
To let; Ewood Mill with water and steam power, cottage adjoining.
Halifax Guardian 28th March 1868
Auction 29th April (estate of the late John Crossley esq. of Scaitcliffe); Ewood Mill near Todmorden, with steam engine, boiler, chimney and shafting; freehold.
29 April 1868
Sale by auction of property of late John Crossley of Scaitcliffe. Lot 5 Ewood Mill and building land at Law-Holme near Todmorden
Todmorden Rates Book 1870 onwards