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Heraldry and Genealogy:

The Reference Library

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     Germanic Heraldry is a sub-category of the German-Nordic classification of heraldic traditions that are primarily found in the armorial bearings of Germany, the Scandinavia countries, Estonia, Latvia, the Czech lands and northern Switzerland.

     The Germanic grouping of countries on this webpage include the following: (1) the Baltic States primarily Estonia and Latvia; (2) the many German states that make up the modern country of Germany; (3) Austria, in which we’ve included the Holy Roman Empire; (4) Switzerland; and (5) the lands of the modern day Czech Republic which includes the Germanic traditions of Bohemia, Moravia, and, Silesia.

     Many characteristics of the Germanic heraldic style contrast with Gallo-British, Latin and Eastern heraldry.  For example, marks of difference are very rare in this tradition as are heraldic furs.  One of the most striking characteristics of Germanic heraldry is the treatment of the crest wherein we see many multiple crests.  In addition, the same design on the shield is frequently repeated in the crest.  The crest is rarely used separately as in British heraldry, but can sometimes serve as a mark of difference between different branches of a family.  Also, coats consisting only of a divided field are somewhat more frequent in Germanic heraldic style than elsewhere.  Germanic mullets have six points (rather than five as in Gallo-British heraldry), a torse is optional, but when it is used the coloring of the twists start witrh the paint  followed by the metal, and beasts may be colored with patterns, such as barry, bendy, paly, chequy, etc.


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MULLER/MUELLER Heraldry and Genealogy: A Geographical Perspective


This one-of-a-kind book is the first in a series exploring the heraldry and genealogy of common German surnames with a focus on the English speaking family historian. The book contains over 2,200 place names associated with MULLER families of Germanic Central Europe, synopses of 35 historical states with links to family history records at FamilySearch, and genealogical information about 94 MULLER families as well as 35 colorful coats-of-arms.  SAMPLE PAGES

Front Cover WAGNER.png

WAGNER Heraldry and Genealogy: A Geographical Perspective


This one-of-a-kind book is the second in a series exploring the heraldry and genealogy of common German surnames with a focus on the English speaking family historian. The book contain over 2,300 place names associated with WAGNER families of Germanic Central Europe, synopses of 31 historical states with links to family history records at FamilySearch, and genealogical information about 70 WAGNER families as well as 53 colorful coats-of-arms.  SAMPLE PAGES

- Table of Contents –

Translating Foreign Text

Pan-Germanic Heraldry

Austrian Heraldry

Baltic Heraldry

Czech Heraldry

German Heraldry

Swiss Heraldry

About This Webpage

LOOKING FOR A SPECIFIC Title, Author, or Keyword ??

Use the “Find” function in the Edit pull down menu.  You can also access this function by holding down the Control key while pressing the F key (Ctrl+F) on your keyboard.  For the best search results: TITLE = type in the first three or four words of the title;  AUTHOR = type in only the last name ;  KEYWORD = type in only one word for each search.



If you encounter a broken link Cut & Paste the entry to your browsers search component.


     The books and or websites listed herein are those that cover more than two or more of the several geographical areas included within this heraldic classification

     We’ve included reference to the Holy Roman Empire herein because during its existence it was dominated by Habsburg rulers who after 1452 had such a prevailing position among the German nobility that only one non-Habsburg was elected emperor in the remaining 354 year history of the Holy Roman Empire.  Although the core and largest territory of the empire was the Kingdom of Germany, the Empire included a multi-ethnic complex of territories in central Europe (Map of the Holy Roman Empire – 1648).  As such, over its long history, the Holy Roman Empire used many different heraldic forms, representing its numerous internal divisions.

     The heraldic authority of the Holy Roman Empire was the Imperial Herald, (Reichsherold) who supervised the granting of armorial bearings beginning in 1520.



Jost Amman's Wappen & Stammbuch, by Jost Amman, published 1881, 176 pages

Wernigerode Armorial, Bavarian State Library, published c.1486–1492

Hofkleiderbuch (Picture and description of the farm-livery) of the Duke Wilhelm IV. Albrecht and V. 1508-1551. Coat of arms with rhyme sayings of Holland. Pictures of Bavarian rulers, by Bavarian State Library, published 16th century, 306 pages

Armorial Scheibler, (Scheibler'sches Wappenbuch), by Bavarian State Library, 1450, index added in 17th c., (Wikimedia entry)

Ortenburgers armorial, (Ortenburger Wappenbuch), by Bavarian State Library, published 1466-1473

Brotherhood of the Jülich-Berg Hubertus Order, by Bavarian State Library, 1500, (an armorial)

Sabine's 15th Century German Armorial, by Sabine Berard, (manuscript), 10 pages

Manual of the coat of arms Science in application and examples, by Bernd - 1856

General palaeography of the entire crest Heraldic:…, Volume 2, Bernd - 1830

Armorial of the Holy Roman Empire (Wappenbuch des Heiligen Römischen Reiches), by S. Brechtel, pub. 1554-68

Grunenberg's Wappenbuch, Introduction & Edition, by Steen Clemmensen, (manuscript), 2005, 396 pages

Johann Christoph Weiler Abriss the Heraldry, Gatterer - 1773

Johann Christoph Gatterer’s Practical Heraldry Gatterer - 1791

Coat-of-Arms Book, (Wappenbuch), by Konrad Grünenberg, published 1602-04 (Holy Roman Empire)

The Arms Law: Historical … presentation of the rules of law applicable in the coats of arms:…, Hauptmann - 1896

Festschrift for 25 years of founding ceremony of the KK Heraldic Society "eagle" in Vienna, 1870-95, Heraldic, 1896

Banners from the Battle of Tannenberg, by Lothar von Katzenellenbogen and Johannes von Narrenstein, 1995

An Armorial of the Council of Constance, (Konzil zu Konstanz), by Lothar von Katzenellenbogen, (manuscript), 51 pages

Archival Magazine of the Bavarian State Archives: Volume 5, by  Franz von Löher, Ed., 1894

Heraldic Devices from Lorenz Fries' Chronik, by Coblaith Mhuimhneach.

Chronicle of Council of Constance, (Chronik des Konstanzer Konzils), by Ulrich von Richental, 1483

History of heraldry (coats of arms, heraldry) ... A. Dept. of Siebmacher's crest book, Seyler - 1890

Siebmacher's Large and General Armorial (grosses und allgemeines Wappenbuch), by Siebmacher, 1855 (100 volumes) $

New Armorial of the Holy Roman Empire, by Johann Siebmacher, published 1605  (see below for more about Siebmacher)

Great Seal Book: Volume 5, Siebmacher, 1772  (see below for more about Siebmacher)

Coat of Arms Book (Wappenbüchlein), by Virgil Solis, published Nürnberg, 1555

Coat-of-Arms Book (Wappenbuch), by Anton Tirol, 1540

Trier's introduction to heraldry…with a preliminary report of the entire herald's knowledge, Trier, 1744

Nobility Handbook: historical, genealogical, diplomatic, and heraldic, reports of the high and low nobility, especially in the German states, as well as the Austrian, Bohemian, Moravian, Prussian, Silesian, and Lausitz, by Bernhard F. Voigt;

Volume 1 A-K, 1825;   Volume 2 L-Z, 1826

Outline of German-Austrian Heraldry, by Volborth, 1973, (excerpts from, Heraldry of the World, pp. 94-111, 202-206, 7,9,49,148 & 172)

The coat of arms, helmet and standards of the Great Heidelberg Manesse codex, Zangemeister, 1892

The coat of arms collection known under the name "Siebmacher" is the most extensive of its kind for the Germanic states of the Holy Roman Empire and its primary successor states the German (Prussian) and Austro-Hungarian Empires.  The aforementioned arms collection of Siemacher consists of over 100 volumes and as such is very difficult to navigate.  To make this valuable resource easier to use we’ve created a webpage that addresses all of Siebmacher’s Wappenbuchs published from 1605 to 1985.  A second webpage dealing with the New Siebmacher Wappenbuch published from 1854 to 1967 has also been created.


·          Heraldik - die Welt der Wappen (Dr. Bernhard Peter)

1.     Regional register of the coats of arms

2.     Register of family names

3.     Introduction to Heraldry

·          Authentic 17th Century Germanic Coats of Arms

·          Holy Roman Empire: Coat of Arms

·          German Heraldry Forum Heraldik und Kunst

·           Index of Siebmacher's Armorials




·           Heraldry of Austria-Hungary

·           Holy Roman Empire – German nobility

·          Holy Roman Empire - nobility (1)

·           Holy Roman Empire – nobility (2)

·          Holy Roman Empire - noble families

·           Holy Roman Empire: Electors; Dukes; Earls

·           List of Counts of Austria-Hungary Empire



A Dictionary, Geographical, Statistical, & Historical of the various countries, places, and principal natural objects in the world, by John Ramsay M'Culloch, four volumes, published 1866

Volume 1: AA - Caspe

Volume 2: Caspian Sea - Iona

Volume 3: Ionian Islands - Poole

Volume 4: Poonah – Zytomiers


Our Favorite Map and Atlas Webpages

Our Favorite Gazetteers



The direct part of the former Holy Roman Empire to its former and current connection, by Carl Wolff - 1873



Austrian heraldry is closely related to German heraldry, as Austria is a German language country.   Although Austrian armorial bearings use some of the same colors and symbols as its German counterpart this heraldic style also has some particularities of its own, partly due to the mutual influence to and from the lands of the former Habsburg monarchy.  The current Heraldic and Genealogical Society of Austria is located in Vienna, Haardorf 4a. A1010, Vienna 1.



The coat of arms of the City of Vienna: an attempt to establish his story this coat of arms, by Karl Lind, 1866

About Styrian Herald figures, by Friedrich Pichler - 1862

Armorial of the Austrian Monarchy, (Wappenbuch der Oesterreichischen Monarchie), by JA Tyroff, published 1831-1868

Volume 01, (1831)

Volume 02, (1832)

Volume 03, (1832)

Volume 04, (1833)

Volume 05, (1834)

Volume 06, (1834)

Volume 07, (1835)

Volume 08, (1836)

Volume 09, (1837)

Volume 10, (1838)

Volume 11, (1840)

Volume 12, (1840)

Volume 13, (1842)

Volume 14, (1844)

Volume 15, (1845)

Volume 16, (1847)

Volume 17, (1850)

Volume 18, (1851)

Volume 19, (1852)

Volume 20, (1853)

Volume 21, (1854)

Volume 22, (1855)

Volume 23, (1856)

Volume 24, (1857)

Volume 25, (1858)

Volume 26, (1859)

Volume 27, (1859)

Volume 28, (1860)

Volume 29, (1862)

Volume 30, (1862)

Volume 31, (1863)

Volume 32, (1863)

Volume 33, (1865)

Volume 34, (1865)

Volume 35, (1867)

Volume 36, (1868)

Volume 37, (1868)

Volume 38, (1872)

Volume 39,

Armorial all princely and ducal houses of the Austrian monarchy, (Wappenbuch sämmtlicher fürstlichen und gräflichen Häuser der oesterreichischen Monarchie) Series, ed. by JA Tyroff, published 1854 to 1865.

Volume 1, (1854)

Volume 2, (1852)

Volume 3, (1853)

Volume 4, (1854)

Volume 5, (1854)

Volume 6,  (1855)

Volume 7,  (1855)

Volume 8,  (1856)

Volume 9,  (1857)

Volume 10,(1858)

Volume 11,(1859)

Volume 12,(1861)

Volume 13,

Volume 14,(1865)


·          Austrian Civic Heraldry (Heraldry of the World)

·          Civic Heraldry of Austria

·         Coats of Arms of Austrian Nobility (category list)

·         European Heraldry: Austria

·         Genalogical and heraldical research in Carinthia

·         Heraldry of Austria‎ (Wikimedia Commons)

·         Heraldry of Austria-Hungary

·         Armorial Bearings listed alphabetically (Wikimedia)



Wappenbuch Siebmacher: Vol. 4, 1-3, Nobility of Tyrol, Krain, Görz, Gradiska, and Dalmatien, by Von Hefner,

Genealogical handbook of the noble houses of Austria, by Otto Maas' Söhne ( at Wikipedia)

Volume 1, 1905

Volume 2, 1907

Volume 3, 1909

Limited (search only)

Volume 4, 1913

Limited (search only)


·         Austria-Hungary - untitled nobility

·         Austrian nobility

·         Austrian Nobility (category list)

·         Austrian Noble Families (category list)

·         Austrian Noble Titles (category list)

·         Counts & Lords mostly southern Germany & Austria

·         Genalogical and heraldical research in Carinthia

·         List of Counts of Austria-Hungary Empire

·         The History and Register of the Nobility of Austria







History of Austria (Wikipedia)

Timeline History of Austria

Austrian Empire


(Courland; Estonia; Latvia; Ösel)

     The Baltic nobility and its heraldic traditions were established in the territories of today's Estonia and Latvia.  This noble class existed continuously beginning with the Northern Crusades and the medieval foundation of Terra Mariana during the 12th and 13th centuries.  Most of the gentry were Baltic Germans, but with the changing political landscape over the centuries, Polish, Swedish and Russian families also became part of the nobility.  The Baltic German culture was located in the following locations:  Estland which is roughly the northern half of present-day Estonia; Livland, approximately the southern half of present-day Estonia as well as the northern and eastern part of today's Latvia; Kurland then located in the western half of present-day Latvia; and Ösel (the island of Saaremaa) belonging to present-day Estonia.  The armorial bearings of these noble families generally followed styles of the Holy Roman Empire and later the Kingdom of Prussia.  The Lithuanian nobility is for historical, social and ethnic reasons often separated from the German-dominated nobility of Estonia and Latvia because of its relationship with Poland as a partner in the Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth, and that this nobility was a source of officers and other servants to Swedish and Polish kings in 16th and particularly 17th centuries.

     The Couronian, Estonian, Livonian and Oeselian nobles were organized into the Estonian Knighthood seated at Tallinn, the Couronian Knighthood at Jelgava, (German: Mitau), and Livonian Knighthood in Riga.  The city of Viborg also had an institution to register rolls of nobles in accordance with Baltic models in the 18th century.




Coat-of-Arms book of all the families associated to Estonian Nobility, Damier - 1837

Baltic Armorial Crests: Livonia, Estonia, and Courland and Oesel, by. Klingspor, pub. 1882, 133 pgs.

Baltic coat of arms Calendar (Baltischer Wappen-Kalender), by Ernst Tode, 1902


Courland: European Heraldry

Estonia: Civic Heraldry

Images of Baltic Heraldry

Latvia: Civic Heraldry

Heraldry of Estonia (Wikimedia Commons)

Heraldry of Latvia (Wikimedia Commons)



Genealogy Handbook of Baltic Middle-Class Families, contributor  Alexander von Pezold, published 1933

Genealogical Handbook of the Baltic knighthoods: Vol. 1, Courland, by Oskar Stavenhagen, published 1939

Genealogical Handbook of the Baltic knighthoods: Vol. 2, Courland, by Oskar Stavenhagen, published 1937


Armorial of Baltic German Nobility

Baltic nobility

Baltic Noble Corporations (Knighthood)

Estonian nobility

Latvian Nobility

Medieval Nobility of the Baltic States



Baltic Historical Place Names: Latvia (Southern Livonia and Kurland) Baltisches historisches Ortslexikon:…, Feldmann, 1990, 760 pgs.




An Outline Of Baltic History, by Andrew Andersen, editor

Materials For A History Of The Estates Of Livonia, Volumes 1-2,  by Heinrich von Hagemeister, E. Frantzen, 1836

Contributions To The History Of The Manors Of Livonia, Volume 1, By L. Von Stryk, 1877

Contributions To The History Of The Manors Of Livonia, Volume 2, By L. Von Stryk, 1885


Courland – History of

Courland – Timeline of History

Estonia – History of

Estonia - list of palaces and manor houses

Estonia – Timeline of History

Latvia – Timeline of History

Latvia - list of palaces and manor houses

Latvia, History of

Saaremaa – History of


(Bohemia; Moravia; Silesia; Slovakia)

     Czech heraldry is greatly influenced by Austrian heraldry since the country was a part of the Habsburg monarchy, and by German heraldry.  Czech heraldic traditions also showHungarian and Slavic influences.  Until 1621, armorial bearings could be registered at the Royal Court of Bohemia in.Prague.  Then, until the dissolution of the Austrian-Hungarian Empire in 1918, they were recorded in Vienna, from which lands of the present-day Czech Republic was ruled.

     The Kingdom of Bohemia had a population of over 6 million inhabitants in 1910.  As such it was the most important of the crown land in the Habsburg Empire.  The countries of the Bohemian Crown included Bohemia, Moravia and Austrian Silesia.  Until 1635 these Czech lands were joined in a personal union wherein the King of Bohemia was also the Duke of Silesia as well as the Margrave of Moravia.  All three of the aforementioned countries are now a part of the present-day Czech Republic.

     The heraldic authority in the current Czech Republic lies within the Chamber of Deputies of the Parliament of the Czech Republic.  In the country of Slovakia there is a Heraldic Commission as well as the Heraldic Registry of the Slovak Republic which is part of Ministry of Interior.



The nobility of the Bohemian Crown Lands, by August von Doerr, 1900 – 372 pages

The oldest seal of Czech nobility up to the year 1300, by Martin Kolář - 1883

Silesian armorial or the coat of arms of the nobility of the duchy of Silesia sovereigns of the County of Glatz and the Upper Lusatia, Schlesisches Wappenbuch oder die Wappen des Adels im Souverainen Herzogthum Schlesien the county of Glatz und der Upper Lausitz  , by Leonard Dorst von Schatzberg

Volume 1

Volume 2

Volume 3

Volumes 1-3

Armorial of the Silesian cities and Städtel, Die Saurma'sche Münzsammlung Deutscher, Schweizerischer und Polnischer Gepräge…, by Hugo Saurma (Baron von der Jeltsch.), published 1870


Bohemia – European Heraldry

Bohemia – Kingdom Coat of Arms

Bohemian Heraldry – Images of

Czech and Slovakian Arms

Czech Armorial Bearings – Gallery of

Czech Heraldry – Images of

Czech Heraldry through the Centuries

Czech Rep. - Heraldic Academy of Sciences

Czech Republic – Coat of Arms

Czech Republic, Heraldry of‎ (Wikimedia Commons)

Moravian Heraldry – Images of

Silesian Heraldry – Images of

Slovakia, Heraldry of‎ (Wikimedia Commons)




Bohemian nobility

Czech Genealogy and Heraldry Society

Czech Genealogy Links

Czech Surnames

Silesia - Coat of arms of the Dukes of

Silesia - Source collection for family history research






Characters of the genus Czech: Wydané …, Czech antiques, Vol. II. to VI., by Society of Friends of Czech antiques, 1898


Bohemia – History of

Bohemia – Kingdom of

Czech Lands – History of

Moravia – History of

Silesia – History of


(Prussia; Liechtenstein)

      It is most likely that the history of German heraldry began in the year 800 when Charlemagne, displayed the image of an imperial eagle after his coronation as “Emperor of the Romans.”  Thus the imperial eagle became the primary emblem in the coat-of-arms the Holy Roman Empire and is still seen on the flag of modern Germany.

     By the 11th century rudimentary armorial bearings were beginning to become popular with the warrior class the German states of the Holy Roman Empire.  By the middle of the 12th century, coats of arms of the noble class were being inherited by the children of personsentitled to use a coat of arms across Europe.  The distinctive seals used by the noble classes, during the 12th and early 13th centuries, tend to verify the general adoption of heraldic devices in Germany.  By the end of the 13th century, heraldry appears as the sole device on a German “siegel” or seal.  Because the seal was used extensively in the late Middle Ages, it was instrumental in spreading heraldry throughout the aforementioned German states.  The utilization of seals eventually led to the formal creation of armorial bearings by the nobility. By the late 13th century the burgher or middle-class in Germany began to have armorial bearings granted to or adopted by them.  The use of coats-of-arms by German burghers and artisans eventually spread to the Scandinavian countries where it spurred the development of modern heraldry in that region of Europe.

     Liechtenstein heraldry is the form of heraldic rt found in the country of Liechtenstein.  It does not have a heraldic body of its own, relying on primarily German influences displayed upon the arms of the ruling house.  It follows the German-Nordic tradition. Each of the eleven municipalities of Liechtenstein bears a shield, which contain a wide range of heraldic features.  A typical coat-of-arms of this tiny principality will usually contain a two or three color fields of differing tinctures and at least one primary charge.

     There were several heraldic authorities in Germany during the 19th and 20th centuries. Three of the most prominent were: the Royal Herald, (Reichsherold), of Bavaria from 1808 to 1920; the Upper Heralds Office, (Oberheroldsamt) that dealt with noble and municipal arms, in Prussia between 1706 and 1713, and the Royal Prussian Heraldry Office, (Königlich Preussisches Heroldsamt) from 1855 to 1920.  Also, in Saxony, the Commission for Noble Affairs, (Kommissariatt für Adelsangelegenheiten), operated as a heraldic authority between 1902 and 1920.



There are so many books in this category that we had to put them on another web-page ! ! !

To the German Heraldry Book Collection.


1550 Armorial of the city of Augsburg

Arms From the German Ships Lost in the Two World Wars

Genealogical Handbook of Middle-Class Families 

German– Arms & Badges Database

German Coat of Arms Database A-Z

German Coats of Arms A-Z Galleries, Part 1

German Coats of Arms A-Z Galleries, Part 2

German Middle-Class Genealogy Books online

Grünenberg, Konrad: Wappenbuch

Heraldry of Germany‎ (Wikimedia Commons)

Heraldry: Books by Tyroff - Bernhard Peter

Holy Roman Empire – German nobility

Liechtenstein – Heraldry of the World

Liechtenstein heraldry

Liechtenstein Images (Google)

Liechtenstein, Heraldry of‎ (Wikimedia Commons)

Liechtenstein, National Coat-of-Arms (Wikipedia)

Manesse Codex (Große Heidelberger Liederhandschrift)

Scheibler Armorial - Wikimedia Commons

South German and Swiss



There are so many books in this category that we had to put them on another web-page ! ! !

To the German Biographies & Genealogy Book Collection.


·         Bavarian noble families

·         Counts & Lords mostly from southern Germany & Austria

·         German Nobility (category list)

·         German Nobility (general nformation)

·         German Nobility (GenWiki)

·         German Nobility (lists of)

·         German Noble Families

·         German Noble Titles

·         Germany, Early Nobility

·         History and Register of the Nobility of Germany

·         Medieval German Nobility

·         Swabisch Hall - Familienwappen



Historical and genealogical Atlas: Germany, Volume 1, Hopf - 1866

Atlas des Deutschen Reichs Ravenstein, 1883

Meyers Gazetteer of the German Empire Vol. A-K,  Uetrecht, 5th Edition. 1912-1913,.How to Use the Meyers Gazetteer

Meyers Gazetteer of the German Empire Vol. L-Z, 




A History of Germany 1715-1815,. Atkinson, 1908, 732 pages

Memoirs of the Queens of Prussia, Atkinson, 1858 $

Germany, Baring-Gould, 1906, 457 pages

German Leaders of Yesterday and To-day, Dombrowski, 1920, 336 pages $

A History of Germany: From the Earliest Period to the Present Time, Friedrich, 1880, 487 pages

Germany and the French Revolution, Gooch, 1920, 543 pages

Germany: the spirit of her history, literature, social condition & national economy, Hawkins, 1839, 713 pgs

A History of Germany in the Middle Ages, Henderson, 1894, 437 pages

A short history of Germany: 9 A.D. to 1871 A.D, Henderson, 1906

A Short History of Germany: Volume 2, Henderson, 1916

A History of Germany from the Earliest Period to the Present Time, Kohlrausch, 1859

A History of Germany, from the Earliest Times, Lewis, 1894, 799 pages

The history of Germany: from the earliest period to 1842: Volume 1, Menzel, 1907

The History of Germany: From the Earliest Period to the Present Time: Volume 2, Menzel, 1862

The History of Germany: From the Earliest Period to the Present Time: Volume 3, Menzel, 1872

Germany from the earliest period, Volume 3, Menzel, Saltus, 1899

A history of Germany, from the invasion of Germany by Marius to 1880, Paul, 1882

The ancient and present empire of Germany: containing histories of electorates, principalities, Savage, 1702, 408 pgs.

History of Germany in the Nineteenth Century: Volume 1, Treitschke, 1915

History of Germany in the nineteenth century, Volume 2, Treitschke, 1916

Treitschke's History of Germany in the Nineteenth Century: Vol. 6, Treitschke, 1919

History of Prussia, Vol. 1, Tuttle, 1883 $

History of Prussia, Vol. 2, Tuttle, 1888

History of Prussia, Vol. 3, Tuttle, 1888

History of Prussia, Vol. 4, Tuttle, 1896

A popular history of Germany: from the earliest period to the present day, Volume 1, Zimmermann, 1878

A popular history of Germany: from the earliest period to the present day, Volume 2, Zimmermann, 1878, 1765 pages

A popular history of Germany: from the earliest period to the present day, Volume 3, Zimmermann, 1878


·         Kingdom of Prussia (List of Provinces)

·         Kingdom of Bavaria

·         Kingdom of Saxony

·         Kingdom of Württemberg

·         Grand Duchy of Baden

·         Grand Duchy of Hesse

·         Grand Duchy of Mecklenburg-Schwerin

·         Grand Duchy of Saxe-Weimar-Eisenach 

·         Grand Duchy of Mecklenburg-Strelitz

·         Grand Duchy of Oldenburg

·         Duchy of Saxe-Altenburg

·         Duchy of Saxe-Meiningen

·         Duchy of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha

·         Duchy of Anhalt

·         Duchy of Saxe-Lauenburg 

·         Principality of Schwarzburg-Sondershausen

·         Principality of Schwarzburg-Rudolstadt

·         Principality of Waldeck-Pyrmont

·         Principality of Reuss-Greiz (Senior Line)

·         Principality of Reuss-Gera (Junior Line)

·         Principality of Schaumburg-Lippe

·         Principality of Lippe

·         Free and Hanseatic City of Lübeck

·         Free and Hanseatic City of Bremen

·         Free and Hanseatic City of Hamburg

·         Alsace-Lorraine



     The use of seals and armorial bearings, in Switzerland, became popular during the 14th century.  In Switzerland there were a great number of families of dynasties who were vassals of the Holy Roman Empire, of the House of Savoy or of the Kingdom of Burgundy.  This diversity prevented the birth of a Swiss state with a monarchical central authority as well as a single heraldic style.

     During the time of the Old Swiss Confederacy, (c. 1300-1798), each state had its own constitution, currency, jurisdiction, habits and customs, history and as such its own heraldic traits. Therefore it is necessary to understand the Swiss cantons in order to specify some of the armorial characteristics attributed to them.

          There is not, now nor ever was, a unified Swiss heraldic authority. The  Switzerland Heraldic Society was founded in 1891.  Its official publication Archives Heraldic Swiss  had been published from 1887 to 1894.  From 1895 to 1953, it was known as Archives Heraldiques Suisses.  In 1953 it commenced publication under the Swiss heraldic Archives until 1987, and appeared under the title "Archivum Heraldicum."



Coat of arms of Notable Citizens in the city of St. Gallen, by Luigi Angeli, 1855

Coat of arms of 1854 families of the city of Chur, Switzerland, by Anton Bernegg, 1855

The Zürich Armorial, by Steen Clemmensen, 2009

Gerold Edlibach's Chronicle, (Gerold Edlibach's Chronik), by Gerold Edlibach, Zürich, 1847 (Wikimedia Images)

Armorial history of the Canton Fribourg, by H. Furrer, published 1865, 46 pages

Armorial History of Geneva, by John Barthélemy Gaïfre Galiffe, A. : de Mandrot, 1859, 42 pages

The arms and colors of the Confederation and cantons, by Adolphe Gautier - 1878

The Swiss Arms by Colors, by Adolphe Gautier – 1879

Note on the arms of the Republic of Geneva, by Adolphe Gautier – 1891

Armorial History of towns and villages in Switzerland, by Adolphe Gautier – 1895, 64 pages

Coat of arms of Anno 1857 living families of the town of Solothurn, by Friedrich Jenni – 1857

Wappen of Laudable Citizens (Bürgerschaft) of Baden Stadt, Switzerland, by J. Kull, 1855

Armorial history of the Canton de Vaud, Switzerland, by Louis-Alphonse de Mandrot, pub.1856, 48 pgs

Armorial history of Neuchatel, by A. de Mandrot, ‎G. du Bois-de Pury - 1864

A unique Swiss chronicle of XVI century (Civic Heraldry of Switzerland), by Ernest Meininger - 1892

Armorial: citizens of the city of Bern in 1836, by S. Probst, Bern, pub. 1836

Armorial of St. Gallen , by Ulrich Rösch, pub. 15th c., 338 pages (Wikimedia Images)

The role of arms of Zurich, by ‎Heinrich Runge - 1860

Armorial Neuchâtel: historical gallery Chateau de Neuchatel, by Société littéraire, 1857, 36 pages

Heraldry Archive: Switzerland 13, by Swiss Heraldic Society - 1899 - ‎Read - ‎More editions

Heraldry Archive: Switzerland: Volumes 19-22, by Swiss Heraldic Society, 1905

Heraldry Archive: Switzerland:, by Swiss Heraldic Society 1893

The arms and colors of Neuchâtel, by Maurice Tripet - 1892

Coat of arms of Notable. Citizens of Rappersweil, Switzerland, by J.A. Tyroff, 1855

Berne Stadt Coat of Arms Booklet (Berner Wappenbüchlein), by Thüring Waltter, Bern, 1612 (reprinted 1946) (PDF Book)

Coat of arms of Notable Citizens of Winterthur, by unknown, 1855

The Zurich Armorial, by unknown, circa 1340

Websites / Databases:

Armorials from Switzerland (Wikimedia Commons)

Basel-Landschaft Family Wappen Database

Canton Nidwalden Family Wappen Database

Canton Obwalden Family Wappen Database

Civic Heraldry of Switzerland

Collection of arms of families from the canton of Bern

Flags and coats of arms of cantons of Switzerland

Images of Heraldry in Switzerland

Swiss Heraldry Society

Swiss Genealogical Heraldic Extensive Arms Collection*

The Zurich Roll of Arms - by Gerrit Bigalski,. 1996.

Heraldry of Switzerland‎ (Wikimedia Commons)



Genealogical Handbook of Middle-Class Families, (Genealogisches Handbuch bürgerlicher Familien), by Bernhard Koerner

German-Swiss Genealogy Book #1 (Vol.42, 1923)

German-Swiss Genealogy Book #2 (Vol.48, 1926)

German-Swiss Genealogy Book #3 (Vol.56, 1927)

German-Swiss Genealogy Book #4 (Vol.65, 1929) 

Portraits of lords Burger masters, … Zurich From 1336 to 1742, by Sebastian Walch, pub. 1756


Genealogy Register Schaffhausen (Bartenschlager) 190 images

Genealogy Register Schaffhausen (Harder) 170 images

Names of Armigerous Swiss Families

Swiss nobility

History and Register of the Nobility of Switzerland






The Republic of Gersau, by Adolphe Gautier – 1868, 25 pages

History of the Canton of Schwyz - Volume 1, by Thomas Fassbind - 1832


Aargau, History of

Basel (1501-1833), History of Canton

Bern, History of

Lucerne, History of

Switzerland – History of

Zurich – History of

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