Turcotte Family Celebration

History of New France and the Arrival of Our Ancestor

More than half a century has elapsed since the last voyage of Cartier to Canada, where Champlain decided to build his home knew the foot 'Cap with Diamonds. " If that had been de Champlain, the colony had grown rapidly. Unfortunately, constrained primarily to ensure the economic survival of his desk, he joined the merchant, more willing to build a fortress than building a nation. The first company, called the Champlain, the country will carry only six families per year. In 1620, new association, the company Caen, to ensure greater profitability, carries the least potential settlers. To these settlers are denied land, it offers a poor commodity at exorbitant prices. In 1627, the Compagnie des Cents Associés founded by Richelieu takes things in hand. This company would have many privileges as full ownership of New France, with the right to dispense justice and to distribute land ... The arrival direction of the company will mark the beginning of a new life for New -France. Two forces would prevail in such company, on one side and merchants on the other hand, the nice men, who saw in Canada a vast country where they could acquire land, hold public office: John Lauzon was their leader. The influence of the gentlemen will eventually prevail over those of merchants.

After the restitution of Quebec in 1632 establishing the holding Seigneuriale (1633), the arrival of the Ursulines and Hospitallers (1639), the return of the Jesuits mark life in the colony at the time still, the installation French is, however slowly. In 1641, the population does not exceed 500. Indeed, Marcel TruCell, reports that between 1608 and 1660 he would not have happened more than 20 people per year in the country.

It is in this context that our ancestors found Abel Turcault his arrival in 1659.

Map of Québec City

The settlement Monts, Quebec 1608, Reprinted in Oeuvres de Champlain, ed. Laverdiere, Ill: 55. In Force, Quebec, No. 43, 1978, p. 30.

Quebec City ½ centuries before the arrival of our ancestor.

Our National History

1646, June 23             - M. de Montmagny lights the fire of St John.

1647, September 24    - Laying the foundation stone of the Notre-Dame-de-la-Paix, now Notre Dame de Quebec.

1647, November 3      - A Ville-Marie, French first marriage, ancestors Calixa Lavallée.

1648, March 5            - Royal Edict reorganizing the board of the country.

1649, March 16          - Martyrdom of St. Jean de Brebeuf.

1649 December 7       - - - - - - - - - Father Chabanel.

1649, December 9      - deep mourning among the Hurons.

1650 May 24              - Tragic death of d'Aulnay Charnisay in Port Royal.

1651, March 25          - Father Chaumonot joined the Hurons to the Isle of Orleans.

1651, May 6               - Boudart and his wife killed by the Iroquois.

1651, June 6               - Pierre Boucher was appointed captain of the Three Rivers.

1652, August 19         - Mr. Duplessis-KERBODOT, governor of Three Rivers, was killed by the Iroquois.

1652, October 14        - Major Closse pushes the Iroquois.

1653, September 22    - Maisonneuve landed at Quebec with 100 recruits.

1654, August 16         - Port Royal fell into British hands for the second time.

1656, March 31          - Contract with the Hospitallers of St. Joseph.

1656, May 20             - Huron Island of Orleans, captured by the Iroquois.

1656, December 10    - Birth of Charles LeMoyne, Baron de Longueuil.

1657, April 30             - Founding of the Congregation of Notre Dame.

1658, April 3              - Arriving in Montreal from 50 French escaped the massacre, through dreams.

1658, July 11              - Arrival of M. d'Argenson in Quebec.

1658, October 4          - Marie de l'Incarnation wrote to his son.

1659, April 16             - Birth of St. Helena.

1659, June 16             - Arrival of Bishop de Laval in Quebec.

1660, April 19             - Death of Blaise Juillet, Nicolas Duval, Mathurin Soulard.

1660 May 2                - Arrival of the Iroquois at Long Sault.

1660, May 3               - First attack of the Iroquois at Long Sault.

1660 May 21              - Death heroic Dollard.

1660 May 31              - Death of Mr. D'Ailleboust.

1660, June 3               - Death certificate of Dollard and his glorious companions.

1661, June 22             - Jean de Lauzon, Sieur de Charny was killed by the Iroquois.

1661, August 3           - Arriving incognito of M. Queylus.

1662, January 4          - The birth and baptism, in Montreal, Jeanne Leber.

1662, February 6        - Lambert Closse is killed.

1662, August 12         - Bishop Laval left for France.

1663, January 2          - Letter from M. Briand, vicar general, asking to pray for King George III.

1663, January 7          - Three suns appeared at Quebec.

1663, February 5        - Major earthquake.

1663, February 24       - La Compagnie des Cent-Associés presents his credentials to the king.

1663, March 4            - Death of Guillaume Couillard.

1663, March 21          - Stop forcing the settlers to establish themselves with a strong or a common center.

1663, July 12              - Arrival in Canada, Father André Pierron, S. d. first Canadian painter known.

1663, October 7          - J. B. Le Gardeur, Sieur de Repentigny was elected mayor of Quebec.

1663, October 20        - Letter of Mary of the Incarnation about girls wild and earthquakes.

1663, December 15    - Birth of Paul Le Moyne, Sieur de Maricourt.

1664, October 5          - M. Mésy shall publish a sign of abuse against the bishop.

1665 May 5                - Death in Quebec City, Mr. de Mésy.

1665, July 16              - Landing at Quebec twelve horses.

1665, August 25         - Construction of Fort St. Louis de Chambly.

1665, September 23    - Talon takes part in the Sovereign Council of New France.

1666, January 9          - Expedition of Governor de Courcelles against the Iroquois.

1666, July 7                - Ten ambassadors Oneidas arrived at Quebec.

1666, September 14    - Departure from Tracy and his troops to the Iroquois cantons.

1668, October 9          - Foundation of the Petit Seminaire de Quebec.

1670, March 23          - Certificate of making the banks of Lake Erie.

1671, February 4        - Implementation of the pain of shackles.

1671, June 4               - From St. Lusson and Nicolas Perrot took possession of the western countries.

1671, November 18    - Blessed death of Madame de la Peitrie.

1672, March 12          - Benign Basset and Abbe Dollier Casson trace of the first streets of Montreal.

1672, June 1               - Father Albanel, Saint-Simon leaving Lake St-Jean to go to Hudson Bay.

1672, October 29        - François-Marie Perrot became the owner of Ile Perrot.

1673, January 26        - Death of Father Jerome Lallemant.

1673, June 13             - Foundation of Fort Frontenac or Cataraqui (Kingston).

1673, June 17             - Discovery of the Mississippi.

1675, September 16    - Arrival at Quebec of the intendant Duchesneau.

1678, March 13          - Blessing of the Chapel Pointe-aux-Trembles, near Montreal.

1679, August 7           - De La Salle, mounted on the Griffon, set sail on Lake Erie.

1680, February 23       - Birth of Jean-Baptiste Le Moyne, Sieur de Bienville.

1682, April 9              - Taking possession of Louisiana.

1685, January 30        - Will of Charles Le Moyne.

1685, February 8        - Monopoly manufacture of beaver hats.

1685 May 26              - Poundmaker, Indian chief, is taken prisoner.

1685, July 29              - Arrival of Governor Denonville (1685-1689).

1686, March 20          - Departure from the tour of Troyes to Hudson Bay.

1687, February 12       - D'Iberville is named commander in Hudson Bay.

1687, March 18          - Assassination of the room.

1687, March 22          - Two French Canadians traveling teacher of an English ship.

1687, June 11             - Denonville, to head an expedition left Montreal for the Iroquois country.

1687, July 27              - Bishop Saint-Vallier was appointed bishop of Quebec.

1689, August 5           - Massacre of Lachine.

1690, January 28        - François Hertel share of Three Rivers and goes on Salmon Falls.

1690, February 18       - Attack Corlar.

1690, May 11             - Capture of Port Royal by Phipps.

1690, May 29             - Taken by Casco Portneuf.

1690, July 2                - Battle of the River Prairie.

1690, October 16        - In St. Helena shoots the flag of Admiral Phipps.

1690, November 5      - Flags English solemnly filed into the cathedral of Quebec.

1691, June 7               - Heroic Death of Francois Le Moyne de Bienville.

1692, August 31         - François Charron obtained permission to establish a charity home in Montreal.

1692, October 22        - Madeleine de Vercheres escape the Iroquois.

1693, February 16       - Destruction of villages of the Mohawks.

1693, March 28          - Letter from Minister Pontchartrain about Phipps.

1693, October 8          - D'Iberville wife Marie-Therese de la Combe Polette Pocatière.