|15 April 1836|
Wesleyan Missions - On Tuesday evening, the anniversary of the St. Austell branch society took place in the Wesleyan Chapel in that town. The preparatory sermons were preached by the Revds J. Wood, of Truro, and J. Scott, and J. Lomas, of Bristol. Joseph Carne, Esq. of Penzance, took the chair at the meeting, and concluded an able speech, chiefly in defence of the managers of the funds and the Theological Institution, by calling of the Rev. H. Williams to read the report. The various resolutions were moved and seconded by the Rev. J. Saunders, the venerable president of the Conference, J. Scott, and J. Lomas. By each of these gentlemen excellent speeches were delivered, which were received with much applause by the crowded auditory. The collections amounted to £32.10s, being an increase of £7.10s on last year, and of £14.10s on the year 1834.
Cornwall Quarter Sessions (my condensation/explanation in brackets)
James Ethersey, the master of Bell's free school in this town, was indicted for assaulting Henry Tippett, one of his pupils. There were three counts to the indictment: "Mr. Stokes (prosecution) told the Jury he did not seek a heavy fine, but wanted to obtain a verdict against the defendant, which would teach the masters of free schools that they should not brutally punish the children of the poor". (According to testimony, Ethersey flogged Tippett three times in one day.) Mr. Bullmore, surgeon, testified as to the extent of the injuries; in his opinion "the flogging must have been very brutal". (wounds were described; sounded as if his ribs were broken, and little unbroken skin was left on his back & legs). Dr. Taunton corroborated Mr. Bullmore's evidence. The boy was under medical treatment for ten days, and the injury he sustained might have been very serious in its consequences. Mr. Cood endeavoured, by cross-examination,.. to show the school was in a state of insubordination. It appeared in evidence that some of the managers, among whom the Rev. Messrs Cornish, Medley, Dex, and Mr. W. Warren were named, justified the conduct of the master, and supported him in his defence of the prosecution. After Mr. Coode addressed the Jury, the Chairman summed up, and they immediately found the defendant guilty. The Court, after a long consultation, fined the defendant one shilling, stating that they thought some of the evidence was highly coloured, because the instrument with which the punishment was inflicted, was only such a cane as schoolmasters generally use.
Mr. John Cundy Sleeman, was charged with an assault on Mr. John Ewes Blackmore. Mr. Sleeman and Mr. Blackmore are both surgeons practicing at St. Austell, and it appeared had quarreled some time previous to the alleged assault, Mr. Sleeman having accused Mr. Blackmore of being the author of a pamphlet which occasioned him much annoyance. On the 9th of February last, as the plaintiff was passing through St. Austell, about seven in the evening, he was repeatedly struck in the head and face by the defendant. Guilty, one farthing damages.
SENTENCES OF THE PRISIONERS
- Richard Robarts, for stealing two eggs, the property of Mr. G. Bullmore; to be imprisioned fourteen days, at hard labour.
- John Gardener, for stealing a hat - to be imprisoned one month at hard labour.
- John Mill, for stealing a leg of mutton - to be imprisoned two months at hard labour.
- William Smith and James Lane, for stealing lead - to be imprisoned two months at hard labour, and whipped.
- Thomas Dixon, for stealing two knives and a fork, to be imprisoned three months at hard labour.
- Thomas Rhodes, for stealing a waistcoat - to be imprisoned three months at hard labour.
- Thomas Rundle, for stealing a coat and handkerchief - to be imprisoned three months at hard labour.
- John Richards, for stealing a watch - to be imprisoned three months at hard labour.
- Henry Prideaux, for stealing two half-crowns - to be imprisoned three months at hard labour.
- William Grenfell, who pleaded guilty to stealing candles from Wheal Crofty Mine - to be imprisoned four months at hard labour.
- John Penelly, for stealing a metal pot - to be imprisoned six months at hard labour.
- John March, for stealing beech timber - to be imprisoned twelve months at hard labour.
Petty Sessions - Truro - Before Edmund Turner, Esq. and the Rev. Richard Polwhele
Mr. Edward Bull, an innkeeper of Chacewater, was fined in the mitigated penalty of £5, for selling a certain quantity of wine, without being duly licensed. Mr. Thomas Michell, of Gwennap, was fined £10, for not causing to be entered in a book kept for that purpose, a certain quantity of beer brewed by him a short time since. Richard Barnett and Thomas Scobell were convicted in the sum of 10s each and costs for having in the day time, on the second day of February last, in their possession, certain nets &c, in a plantation in the parish of Kea, in the occupation of the Earl of Falmouth, with intent to take or destroy game therein.
Several parish maters came before the magistrates, but they were of an ordinary character. Two boys, the elder about 14 years of age, and a frequent offender, were on Monday committed to gaol by the Rev. George Treweeke, for stealing from the shop of Mr. Lanyon, ironmonger, Redruth.
Fairs in Cornwall - Padstow, 18th; St. Neot, 19th; Launceston, 21st; Menheniot, Perranwell and Probus, 25th; Goldsithney, 26th; and St. Agnes, 30th. A cattle market will also be held at Tregony on the 18th, and Penzance, on the 21st instant.
Packet and Naval List - Arrived H. M. brig Nautilus, Lieut. Moore, from Lisbon, whence she sailed on the 3rd instant. She brings no news of importance. Preparations were making for the reception of the young King, and everything was very gay when the packet sailed. Sailed - Wednesday, 13th - H.M. brig Delight, for Plymouth, in order to try her gunner by Court - martial, for drunkenness. - (the rest of the list is merely a list of ship's names)
Our Gallant Townsman, Sir Hussey Vivian, Master-General of the Ordnance, and his Lady, have left the official residence of the General at Pall-Mall, for Parish, where they will pass the recess. Sir Hussey, on his way to the Continent, inspected Colonel Maclachlan's Company of the Roval Artillery, stationed on the heights, made a tour of the citadel and batteries at Dover, and visited the Castle and the ordnance establishment.
A Disaster at Sea - On Sunday last, at noon, the schooner "Rashleigh" of St. Ives, Giles, master, and "Europa" of Mecklenburg, Van Ehren, master, came in contact whilst on opposite tacks, about three leagues south of Penzance. The damage done to the "Europa" was trifling, but we regret to say that after three hours ineffectual exertions, the "Rashleigh" sunk in deep water. At the time of the concussion the wind was blowing offshore a light breeze, the weather bright, sunshine. The "Rashleigh", laden with coal, was on the larboard(sic) tack, steering for the Lizard; the "Europa", laden with flour from Altona, for Liverpool, was on the starboard, steering for the Land's-end; both Captains, and both mates, were in their respective cabins at dinner, and although three men were on the "Rashleigh's" deck, and two on the "Europa's", neither vessel was seen by the men on the deck of the other until the crash! The "Europa" remained by the "Rashleigh" till she sank, and then took her crew on board, and landed them the same night at Penzance. By this misfortune, Captain Giles, sole owner of the "Rashleigh" and her cargo, loses £500. It is only a few months since he laid out all he was worth in the purchase of this vessel at Fowey.
Falmouth - H. M. cutter "Dove", Lieut. Pearne, brought into this port, on Wednesday afternoon, the sloop "Owners Goodwill" of Plymouth, Teague master, for having 100 kegs of contraband spirits on board.
St. Ives - Want of space obliged us last week to omit the following particulars respecting this Borough: On Wednesday, the 6th instant, the first open Easter vestry meeting was held at the Town Hall for the election of two church wardens (a third being in the appointment of the Minister), surveyors of the highways, assistant overseer of the poor, &c. The novelty of the occasion brought several hundreds of the rate-payers together, and the whole of the business, we are informed, was accomplished with good feeling. A motion was made to displace Mr. Yonge from the office of parish surgeon, but it was lost on a show of hands.
The mackarel(sic) boats of this port brought in on Wednesday morning, from 300 to 800 fine mackarel each, which were disposed of at 15s. per 120.
Several large pieces of American timber, which apparently have not been a great while in the water, have been brought into St. Ives by the boats, and given in charge of the officers of the Customs. (Ships that took emigrants to the U.S. and Canada often returned with a load of timber.)
Loss of the H.M. Cutter Quail - We understand that nine of the unfortunate crew of this vessel, who were washed overboard in the Bay of Biscay, belonged to Falmouth, and have left widows and families to deplore their untimely fate.
Coroner's Inquest - On the 10th instant.... at the house of William Harris, woodman, in the parish of Kea, on the body of a bargeman named William Scobell, who was drowned on the previous Thursday. (A rope became wound around his lower legs/ankles, and he was pulled off the barge as it got underway). Verdict, accidental death.
....In a quarry at Ludgvan, near Penzance, a large piece of ground which had been undermined fell upon men working there. Two of them were dug out greatly injured, one of whom has since died, and the other is not likely to recover. A third, named Martin Martins, about 30 years of age, could not be released until two hours after the accident, when he was found quite dead.
A New Robinson Crusoe - The Atheneum gives a very interesting account, abridged from the "Van Diemen's Land Magazine", of the discovery of an Englishman, who had resided for 33 years among the savages of Port Phillip. A Mr. BATMAN, and others referred to, had removed, it is said, from Van Diemen's Land to Port Philip, on the coast of New South Wales, with the intention of establishing themselves there as settlers and large sheep farmers. Soon after their arrival they were struck by the stately gait of the natives, by the colour of many, and the European countenances of some individuals, and by the comparative civilization which prevailed. Rude embankments with tolerable stone facings were found in parts constructed across creeks and islets, with convenient sluices for the purpose of catching fish at the fall of the tide. Several of the bark-shelters, or wigwams, were formed in a superior and comfortable manner, tolerably well thatched, with a narrow opening for the doorway and fire-place in front. Pieces of wood were hollowed or scooped out, to serve as calabashes or buckets to carry water, and the dresses of kangaroo skin were neatly joined together with regular stitches, and cut away so as to form a convenient vesture. The settlers, however, had not domiciled themselves in their new position many days when these and various other indications of ingenuity were satisfactorily explained by the appearance of a white man clothed in a kangaroo skin cloak. He was at first rather timid in his approaches, but when spoken to kindly, and offered a piece of bread, he threw off his reserve, and after eating the bread with apparent relish, and looking at it as if endeavouring to bring something to his recollection, he exclaimed, with symptoms of delight glowing in his face, "Bread!" Other English words soon returned to his memory, and he was at last enabled to communicate that his name was Wm. BUCKLEY; that he had been one of those who escaped from the encampment of the prisoners by the ship "Ocean", formed by the late Colonel COLLINS, in attempting, agreeably, to the instructions of the British Government, to form a settlement at Port Philip in 1803; that he had lived ever since with the tribe of the aborigines, whom he then met in the bush, and over whom he had long exercised the rule of a chief. He is a very tall man, having served as a Grenadier in Holland under the late Duke of York, is from 58 to 60 years of age, and in excellent health. Through the assistance of the new settlers, he has forwarded a petition to the Lieutenant Governor, praying, for a pardon, mainly with the view, we presume, to enable him to remain where he is, and to communicate the result of his intimacy with that interesting country, and, the many valuable discoveries which he has made in it. This, we are glad to learn, his Excellency has kindly been pleased to grant.
CORNWALL LENT ASSIZES (the last case covered) - Vivian and others vs Humphries and others (my interjections/condensations in brackets) This case, which we consider as one of the greatest importance to the Mining Interests of this County, came on for trial, before Mr. Baron Bolland, and a special jury, and occupied the Court from Thursday, the 31st of March, to Saturday the 2d of April, inclusive. - The plaintiffs in the cause were the adventurers in a certain Mine called "Wheal Perran" situate in the parish of Perranzabuloe, within the Duchy Manor of Tywarnhayle, which they claimed to hold under a grant or license from the late Charles Carpenter, of Moditonham, in the count of Devon, the Duchy Lessee to search for copper ores, and all other minerals and metals (tin and royal mines only excluded) within the boundaries and limits described in such grant or license. - The defendants were Mr. Henry Humphries of Rosemundy, the managing agent of the Great St. George copper mine, situate in the several parishes of Saint Agnes and Perranzabuloe, and also within the Duchy Manor of Tywarnhayle, and members of the Board of Directors of the English Mining Association, which association constitutes the present adventurers to Great St. George Mine. - Mr. Vivian claimed the mining rights under a sett from Mr. Carpenter, the Duchy Lessee, dated the 18th day of May, 1830,....[and] the defendants claimed the mining rights under a sett from the same party, dated the 11th day of September, 1822 - which was granted to John Williams, Esq. of Scorrier House, and the late Capt. Thos. Trelease of Perranzabuloe, who assigned the same to the late Thomas Humphries, Esq., the father of one of the defendants. He assigned the sett to the English Mining Association/Great St. George Mine adventurers. - The real question in the cause was whether Mr. Carpenter, in the month of April 1830, had acted legally or otherwise, first, in revoking a part of the Sett or License, of the 11th Sept. 1822 and second, in revoking the whole of the Sett or License, for an alleged forfeiture, by breach of covenant. (The alleged breach was that the entire property was not being worked by the Great St. George adventurers). (The further question was) whether Mr. Carpenter was justified by law in re-granting a part of the same ground within the heart of the Great St. George Sett, and which must of necessity have been drained of water by the steam engines of that mine, to the plaintiffs.... The court was occupied the first day by the opening address of Mr. Erle to the Jury, and in reading by Messrs. Dempier and Crowder, the plaintiff's other counsel, of a large mass of documentary evidence..... The second day, the plaintiffs called many witnesses (trying to establish the breach of contract). Out of the cross-examination of the plaintiff's witnesses, which lasted until after twelve o'clock on Friday night (conducted by Mr. Sergeant Bompas and Messrs Halcomb and Butt, co-counsel for the defendants) the case of the defense was firmly established. ... Capt. Gripe, the tollor of Mr. Carpenter, (testified) the Bolenna and Wheal Perran or Tywarnhayle Setts, were all originally within the Great St. George sett of 11 Sept. 1822. (The defense proved an engine & other mining equipment had been left on the "old" Great St. George mine location. While it wasn't being actively worked, the possibility had been established. Also, the adventurers had "invested a very large outlay of capital" although the old part of the mine "had at length become utterly worthless, due to it's extreme poverty of minerals".) On Saturday, the defense gave a "rousing" speech. The Judge summed up the whole of the evidence... with great perspicuity, and (made several points to the Jury regarding the impossibility of working the whole property at once, because of drainage problems, and of keeping the levels free from attal and rubbish). - The Jury, after a short consultation, returned the following verdict: "We find for the defendants. We are decidedly of the opinion that the sett of the 11th of September, 1822, of the Great St. George Mine included the Bolenna, Tywarnhayle, and the Duchy wastrel, and since that there has been no breach of covenant." - (as written!) - Thus their verdict confirmed the legal title of the English Mining Association .... to this valuable portion of their original sett, of which they were sought to be deprived, and the returns from which we trust will most amply compensate them for the various expenses which they have been obliged to incur....
Goran Haven - On Monday week, the annual feast of this parish commenced. The neighbouring gentry, with the farmers, and others, subscribed several pounds for a set of boat-races, which came off as follows:
First match, between fishing boats, with two oars, distance about TWO MILES; 1st, the Roaring Lion; 2nd, Margaret; 3rd, the Maid of the Mill; 4th, the Maria. This was a smart race between the two first; the Margaret lost a great deal of time in not going straight for the first mark boat, which gave the Roaring Lion an advantage, which she maintained to the end, although pushed very hard by the Margaret.
Second match, same sort of boats, with four oars, rowed by boys under 16 years of age, distance about THREE miles; 1st, Roaring Lion; 2nd, Margaret; 3rd, the Maid of the Mill; 4th, the Maria. This race excited great interest. Almost as soon as the boats started, the Roaring Lion, Maid of the Mill, and Maria, became entangled. The Margaret then got ahead, and continued on until passing the second mark boat, on the last round, when the Roaring Lion gained, and finally beat the Margaret a short distance, amidst the plaudits of the assembled throng. This race was well contested, and these youngsters of the deep displayed great skill and courage throughout the race.
Third match, same description of boats, rowed with four oars, by men, distance about FOUR miles; 1st, Maid of the Mill; 2nd, Margaret; 3rd, Malabar; 4th, Maria. In this race the three last became entangled, which gave the Maid of the Mill the advantage, which she kept throughout the race.
Fourth match, same boats, distance same, rowed by men: 1st Margaret; 2nd, Malabar, 3rd, Maid of the Mill. The last boat was rowed by farmer's men, who certainly did their best, and consequently did well; but had no chance with the sons of Neptune.
The weather was exceedingly fine, and the whole of the sport passed off without accident, or any unpleasantness to mar the pleasure of the day. The whole of the boats were rowed without coxswains, which occasioned the frequent entanglements.
On Wednesday, the Sunday school teachers, and scholars of the Wesleyan Methodist Society, at Goran Haven, were regaled with tea and cake. The children met at the chapel and were suitably addressed, and then proceeded to perambulate this little cove; and at certain places they sang hymns. This was a joyful occasion, and such a circumstance has never happened here before, consequently it occasioned some little stir. It evidently afforded delight, and is an occasion which we hope will be annually repeated. The children were happy, and their sparkling eyes shewed what pleasure was afforded them by this kind treat of their friends.
Penzance Mechanic's Institution - On Monday evening last, the members of this institution were favoured with a highly-interesting lecture on General Organization, by Mr. N. R. B. Millett, surgeon. This discourse will be followed next Monday, with the second of a series of lectures on the Adulteration of Food.
Coroners Inquiry - On Tuesday last, an inquest was held at the dwelling house of Mark Jeffery, Innkeeper, in the Parish of Falmouth, before Hosken James, Esq. coroner, on the body of Elizabeth Warne, wife of Richard Warne, labourer, who resides at Back-hill, Falmouth. It appeared in evidence, that the deceased, who was subject to fits, left her house on the morning of the inquest, about half past eight o'clock with basket - gather sticks, and that about ten o'clock she was found quite dead on the beach, outside of Arxxxsack pond, with her head still in the water. There being no reason to believe she destroyed herself, the Jury returned the following verdict: "We are of the opinion that deceased was drowned from having fallen late the water in a fit."
On Friday last, Mr. John Desals, a young man of Falmouth, committed an act of self-destruction at the residence of his mother, in the Moor, by shooting himself through the heart. He must have died instantly, for life was extinct when the family rushed to his room, on hearing the report of the pistol. He was in his 22nd year, but had been for some time in an ill state of health. An inquest was held on the body on Sunday morning last, by W. Hichens, Esq. coroner of St. Ives, when the jury brought in a verdict of temporary insanity.
Shipwreck and Loss of Lives - We regret to have to record the loss of the "Robert and Mary", of the port of Barnstaple, Robert Gribble, master and owner. She was on her return from Swansea, laden with culm (?), and having on board three female passengers, Miss Blackmore, daughter of Captain Blackmore, Miss Turner, daughter of the late Mr. Turner, mason, both of Barnstaple, and another young female, besides the crew, which consisted of the Captain, his son (a lad about twelve years of age) and two seamen, - in all, seven souls. The unfortunate ship left Swansea on Saturday morning, in very strong weather and was descried by a person on shoe in Mort Bay soon after noon; she appeared to be in distress, and endeavouring to make for Ilfracombe; for upwards of two hours she was observed to be in this situation, when her mast went by the board, and soon after she was down altogether, between Mort Stone and Baggy Point. By this disaster several families in Barnstaple are plunged into the deepest grief, particularly that of the captain, who has left a widow and six children.
Upwards of £2,000 being subscribed with the survivors of the late Fort Major Watson's family, at Plymouth, a meeting is about to be called by the managers, to determine as to its application.
London, Salisbury, Exeter, Plymouth, and Falmouth Railway- Mr. Dean and assistants are actively engaged in surveying the Line branching from Andover to Reading, which will form an union with the Great Western Railway, thus affording two termini in London, one at the West end, and the other in the heart of the City at Snow Hill, by means of the Grand Junction Railway. The Junction with the Grand Junction Railway will form a direct communication with the Birmingham Great Northern, and all the main railway Arteries throughout the Kingdom. This will confer great benefit on Portsmouth, Southampton, Salisbury, Andover, &c, within ten hours transit of these towns, while at present it frequently occupies three times as many days. We are happy to say the plan met with the unanimous and hearty approbation of the gentlemen belonging to the Weyhill Agricultural Association, who had the preliminary Survey laid before them by a deputation from London at their Meeting, on Friday last at Andover. from the Salisbury and Winchester Journal
Letters to the Editor - All were on the subject of the Duke of Cornwalls Harbour and Launceston and Victoria Railway, which was recently initiated. Engineers defended the Railway's practicality, because the previous week letters challenged the choices made, and suggested people would lose their investment. They were called "splenetic effusions" this week.
- Tithe Commutation Bill
- London, Exeter, Plymouth, and Falmouth Railway
- Comments of Padstow breakwater
Published by Elizabeth Heard (widow), Printer and Publisher, Of No. 32, Boscawen-street, in the parish of St. Mary, in the Borough of Truro, in the County of Cornwall, and Printed and Published at her residence and Printing Office, situated at 32, Boscawen-street aforesaid.
Advertisement - At a meeting of the INHABITANTS of PENZANCE, held at the Guild-Hall, the 25th day of April, 1836. The Worshipful the MAYOR in the chair, A statement of the severe Losses, sustained by the Poor Fishermen at Newlyn, during the late Gales, having been submitted by Messrs. W. O. Gurney and Abraham Chirgwin. It was resolved That this meeting do fully sympathize with the Sufferers on the occasion, and in order to relieve the great distress and misery occasioned thereby, a Public Subscription be immediately entered into, and that the following Gentlemen, Mr. Joseph Carne, Mr. Richard Pearce, Mr. William Bolitho, Mr. Rescorla, Mr. Batten, Mr. J. P. Vibert, Rev. Charles Moore, Mr. Colliver, Mr. J. J. A. Boase, Mr. Higgs, Rev. J. Foxwell, Mr. Wm. D. Mathews, Dr. Boase, Mr. Henwood, Mr. Edward Bolitho, Mr. Nich. Berryman be appointed a Committee to receive Subscriptions and apportion the amount collected amoungst the sufferers, also that the several Banks in the County, be respectfully requested to receive subscription aid from the charitably disposed. That the Proceedings of this Meeting be published in the West Briton, Cornwall Gazette, and Falmouth Packet. William Davey, Chairman The Thanks of this Meeting were presented to the Chairman for his conduct in the chair. - 25th April 1836
News - Mr. Buckingham's Annuity Fund - We observe the pleasure that subscriptions to this fund, which the friends of Mr. Buckingham are endeavouring to form, in consequence of parliament having refused his application for compensation, for the injury inflicted upon his literary property by the Government of India, are entered into a spirited manner in most of the principal Towns of England; and as Mr. Buckingham is a Cornishman, it may not, we should hope, be too much to expect, that the men of Cornwall, if not "One and All", at least a large number of them, will add their names to the list already published, which may be seen at the office of this paper.
(James Silk Buckingham, born 25 Aug 1786 to a farmer near Falmouth, went to sea at 10 years of age. He established the "Calcutta Journal" in 1818. After criticism of the East India Company appeared in his publication, he was expelled by the Governor-General. He became the editor of the "Athenaeum", established the "Oriental Herald" and wrote travel books. He was a member of Parliament for Sheffield 1832-1837, and was a strong advocate for social reform. He was (finally) given a pension by the British Government in 185x, and died in 1855. His son, Leicester Silk Buckingham, was a well-known playwright. [Encyclopedia Britannica, 1911]
We understand that the committee for the erection of the Dunstanville Memorial, have accepted the tender of Mr. Joseph Pryor, and that the work is to be completed by the 1st of July, 1837.
Helson - A Commission of the Peace has been granted to this Borough, under which John Borlase, George S. Borlase, and John Silvester, Esqrs. have been appointed the Magistrates. The two former Gentlemen are County Magistrates.
Distressing and Fatal Accidents - On Friday last, as two of the miners at Wheal Julia Mine were working at the Capstan, it suddenly recoiled, and killed both of them on the spot.
On Monday last, the child of Mr. Lander, miller, of Boscarne Mill, near Bodmin, fell into a river near the house, and was drowned.
Our readers of St. Austell, Lostwithiel, Fowey and Bodmin, will have an opportunity of having a proper adaptation of spectacles for weak and defective vision, as Mr. Alexander intends visiting them in the course of the week.
Goldsithney Fair, on Tuesday last, was well supplied with Fat Cattle, which sold from 56s to 63s per cwt. Cows and Calves about 42s.
Letters to the Editor
Sir; I consider that by the manner in which you have treated my reply to the paragraph in your paper of the 15th instant, from this place, headed "Conservative Triumph" you have greatly aggravated the insult offered to me by the writer of that article.
I demand therefore that you will either give me his name, or do me the justice to publish my letter in the Gazette next Friday.
I am, Sir, Your obedient servant, Sam. HOCKING, St. Ives April 23, 1836.