cornwall england newspaper

1836 Articles and Other Items

4 November 1836, Friday

ADVERTISEMENTS - To Plumbers, Braziers, and Tin Plate Workers - Apprentice Absconded - Whereas, my Apprentice, FRANCIS VINCENT, absconded from me on THURSDAY the 27th of October. He is about five feet ten inches high, slender make, dark complexion, black hair, dark eyes, prominent mouth, and has lost one of his fore teeth. He wore away a blue coat and trousers, and it is most likely he will offer himself as a Plumber. A Reward of FIVE POUNDS will be given to any person who will apprehend the said Apprentice, and lodge him in the county prison; and whoever harbours or employs him after this notice, will be prosecuted as the law directs. ABRAHAM COCK, Plumber - Truro, November 2, 1836


- Scilly; laying of the foundation stone for the new church of St. Mary's
- The Grand Essential - a plea to reform the House of Lords
- Great Reform Meeting at Worcester [one page in length]
- Mr. Buckingham at Ipswich and Birmingham

A Patriotic Experiment - When Mr. Audubon, the distinguished American ornithologist, left this country for New York, about two months ago, he took with him a great number of sky larks, robins and other English birds unknown in America, for the purpose of liberating them in that country, in the expectation that they might become naturalized there, and render the woods and plains of America vocal with their delightful notes. Letters recently received from Mr. Audubon, since his arrival in New York, mention that the feathered passengers suffered severely on the voyage, and many of them died; but a sufficient number remained to leave a hope that these emigrants may be effectually "located" in the woods, and with their progeny become denizens of the United States.


Vessel Lost - On Wednesday last, a schooner of about 80 or 90 tons burthen, ran ashore at Gallen, near Portreath, without a single person, or any living thing alive, on board. We have not learnt her name, but she is a Cork vessel, and is in ballast. The seamen's clothes, and every thing belonging to them, were on board, but whether the crew escaped in the boats, or all perished, is not known.

Scilly - The magistrates of Scilly have awarded to the salvors of the brig "Experiment" (which was found a wreck at sea, during the late storms) the handsome sum of £900, being one-third of the estimated value of the vessel and cargo.

Smuggling - On Monday night last, a boat belonging to the "Dove" cutter, at Falmouth, captured a waterman's boat, with a bale of tobacco of about 156 pounds, and a young man with it, who says he was only a passenger. The men are committed to the town prison, till an answer from the Board of Customs is received.

Alarm of Fire - On Friday last, at half-past four a.m., Mr. Tangye, innkeeper, of Camborne, was alarmed by a tremendous noise in his brew-house. He immediately rose and ran to the spot, when he discovered that the building was on fire, and that the furnace had fallen on the floor. The family was soon in attendance, and by their strenuous exertions the fire was soon extinguished. It is hoped the damages will not exceed £5.

Child Dropping - On Wednesday evening, the 26th ult., a fine little boy, about 16 months old, was dropped at the door of Mrs. Woolcock, at St. Blazey highway, near St. Austell. The child was discovered by a member of the family, and an alarm spread, but no trace of the person or persons who left it could be found. From the appearance of the child, it is thought he belongs to some person of respectability from whom he might have been stolen, as his dress and general appearance are different from those of the class of persons who travel the country hawking or begging, some of whom, from circumstances which have come to light, no doubt left the child. The boy is of a fair complexion, has light hair, blue eyes, with a dimple on his chin, and has the mark of a scald on his right leg. He had on a dark print frock and pinafore, and a drab cap trimmed with black silk cord. We trust that the unfeeling brutes, whether parents or thieves, who thus left the child exposed to the inclemency of the weather, and the mercy of strangers, will meet with their reward. The child seems to answer to the name of William, and can just lisp "Mamma" and "Dada". Should he be a stolen child, of which there is little doubt, we trust this will meet the eye of his parents, and to this end we trust that other journals will copy this paragraph. The little foundling is placed under the care of a poor, but clean, woman, by order of the overseers of the parish in which he was found.

Mine Adventurer - On Wednesday the 26th ult, a fox, which had been chased in the early part of the day, found its way by some means down to the 18 fathom level in the Charlestown United Mines, and was secured by two men in the afternoon of that day. It is supposed Reynard must have fallen down the shaft, as no other mode could be adopted in order to reach the bottom except by the ladder. This was perhaps his first visit to those parts and it will, no doubt, be his last, as he is now safely chained in the possession of R. G. Lakes, Esq. at Trevarrick - a warning to other members of the "bal fair" club, not to venture beyond their proper depth in mining speculations.

St Lawrence Sheep Fair - This fair on Monday was very abundantly supplied. Fat sheep sold well at 5d. per lb.; the demand for store was not so brisk, though a considerable number of lots were sold at about 4 1/2 d. per lb. The cattle fair the next day was very small, but fat beasts, as well as store in good condition, met with a ready sale, at rather an advance of price upon what has been given at the neighbouring fairs for some weeks past.

Church Pastoral Aid Society - On Thursday, the 27th ult, a meeting was held in the Guildhall, Liskeard, for the purpose of forming an association of the above institution. The Mayor presided, and there were present Captains Messinger and Nicholas, Mr. Rogers, the Rev. Messrs Lakes, Woolcombe, Simcoe, Norris, Fookes, Farwell, Rawlings, Todd, and several ladies. The intent of this institution is to provide the means of employing duly qualified persons, especially those who, though intended for the ministry, are not yet old enough to enter into holy orders, and other Laymen, for the purpose of visiting persons who need instruction in large parishes. They are to be subject to the resident incumbent, and the doctrines and discipline of the Church of England are particularly to be respected. A similar institution has lately been established at Penzance.

11 November


- Lecture of Formation of Metallic Lodes, as given at the Redruth Institution By Robert Were, Esq.  -  one page
- Dinner given by Edward Turner, Esq, late Mayor of Truro, for newly elected officers and Town Council members


- J. Matthews, tallow-chandler, Long Acre
- Silas Pearse, quarryman, Plymouth
- H.O. Cadney, corn-dealer, Halifax, Yorkshire
 - W. Denby, fustian manufacturer,Manchester
- W. Wright, banker, Harrow-on-the-Hill, Middlesex
- Joseph Bonaparte is expected to leave this country early in the Spring, on his return to the United States.


Calamitous Fire - Yesterday morning, a fire broke out at Clowance Park, the seat of Sir John St. Aubyn, Bart., which we fear has been productive of the most disastrous effects. The constables of Camborne, Illogan, and all the neighbouring parishes were called upon to protect the property, and by their exertions and those of the other persons present, it was hoped the principal front would be saved.  The wind, however, afterwards changed, and when our informant left, great fears were entertained that the building would be entirely consumed. The origin of the fire was not known, and the damage was likely to be immense.

Extraordinary Produce - In the ground belonging to the Kea Workhouse, 65 potatoes were lately dug up the produce of one stalk, and three gallons of seed produced two and a-half Cornish bushels.

Smuggling - On Tuesday last, the two persons noticed in our last, as having been taken in a boat at Falmouth with a quantity of smuggled tobacco, underwent an examination at the Guildhall in that town.  The owner of the boat exonerated the other from having anything to do with the tobacco, but refused to say whose it was.  They were consequently fined in the sum of £100 each, or six months imprisonment in the Town gaol, which latter punishment they will undergo.

March of Education - The following is a verbatim et literatim copy of a public notice attached to a pole not far from Zeala[?] in this county: This. is. to give. Notes. if. any. Person is catch. Hunten in. Boll. Ground. will. be. Punish. Wern. Here.

Wreck of the "Caroline" - We understand that the schooner "Caroline" which sunk near the entrance of Falmouth harbour, on the night of the 27th ultimo, laden with copper ore, about 60 tons of which were dredged out of the hold, under the management of Mr. James James, of St. Mawes, was weighed and brought into the said harbour, on the 6th instant, under the superintendence of Mr. Tredwen, of Padstow.

Suicide of a King's Messenger - A few days since, a messenger of the name of Smith, attached to the Foreign-office, was ordered to take dispatches from Falmouth.  The messenger was directed to use all possible expedition; and as the mail had started about two hours before his dispatches were ready, he was directed, if possible, to overtake it.  This, from some mismanagement or other, he failed to accomplish.  However, he proceeded on, reached Falmouth too late for the packet, but delivered his dispatches to the proper authority, and took the customary receipt for their delivery.  The failure in overtaking the mail, and the fear of reprehension for his neglect, would seem to have had an extraordinary effect upon his spirits, for in place of coming back to London by coach or post-chase, (as is usual) he walked to Honiton, where his manner was observed to be unusually wild; but, as he was previously well known at the road-side inn where he stopped, he obtained every accommodation.  He had a frugal supper, and retired early to rest, saying that he was very much fatigued by his walk from Exeter. [?]  Next morning he arose at an early hour, and, having ordered breakfast, went out.  Some time elapsed, and not returning, suspicion was excited, and a search was made, but no traces of him could be discovered.  On the next day, however, the coat and waistcoat of a man were seen on the bank of a deep stream, near the town, and shortly after the body was found.  Upon the person of the unfortunate man were a ten-pound note, ten sovereigns, and some silver, his gold watch, and the receipt for his dispatches.  After a coroner's jury had sat on the body, it was decently interred in the parish church.

Coroner's Inquests - The following Inquests have been held this week before J. Hambly, Esq.

On Monday, November the 7th, at St. Wenn, on the body of Mr. Vincent, a farmer of that parish, who was found dead in one of his fields.  He had left the house but a short time, and was found by a little boy lying on his face.  Verdict - Died by the Visitation of God

On the same day, at St. Neot, on Robert Keast, an old man who was deaf and dumb, aged 80, found by his sister with whom he lived lying with his head out over the bed, dead by his own hand. Verdict - temporary insanity.

On Tuesday, at Alternon, on John Peters, a child 5 months old, who died under the following circumstances:  The child had been unwell for several days, and the mother went to a person named Sleep, a draper, who likewise sells drugs, for something for it, who gave her, as he thought, some Syrup of Poppies and Syrup of Rhubarb, and desired her to give the child a teaspoon-full.  She did so, and the child was seized with convulsions.  She sent for a medical Gentleman, who, upon arriving, found the child in a dying state, and within ten minutes it expired. On the mother telling him she had given the child some medicine, he desired to see the medicine, and soon discovered that it contained laudanum, and said that he had no doubt the child had died in consequence of taking it.  On his falling on Sleep, he did not appear conscious of having given anything more than he had first said; but on examining his shelves where he kept his bottles, the one containing poppies and the one with laudanum were found to be exactly alike, and there could be no doubt but he took down the wrong bottle in mistake.  The jury were perfectly satisfied that it was a mistake, and returned a verdict accordingly.  The Coroner, however, observed to Sleep that it was fortunate for him that the jury considered the circumstance to be purely accidental, for if they had been of opinion that he knew that he had given the laudanum, it would have been their duty to have returned a verdict of manslaughter against him, in which case he would have been obliged to have committed him for the offence at another court.

Letters to the Editor

Sir - The wretched state of the streets of Penzance has been long the subject of general conversation among the Inhabitants, and all those who may ever have had the misfortune to pass through them. They are paved in such a vile manner, and filth of every description is allowed to accumulate to such a degree, that it is utterly impossible to walk the streets of a wet night, without running the risk of being covered with mud, and afterwards breaking your neck.  Added to this; of the few gas lights we have, seldom more than half are lighted, even on the darkest night; and this half has been gradually dwindling away, until last Friday night, when there were literally only six lamps lighted in the whole town.  Some of the lamp posts have been actually taken down; from some the lamps have been removed; and others are in such a dirty condition that even when they are lighted, (not to mention their giving no more light than a good mould candle), they are scarcely of use.  Surely the Reform Corporation should look into this, and see that the town is properly lighted, and the streets kept in order.  Hoping that some spirited member, among those who have recently obtained seats in the Municipal Parliament, will bring the subject forward at the next meeting of the council, and endeavour to get those abominable and shameful nuisances rectified. I have the honor to remain, yours &c., VERITAS

18 November

- Politics - Sir Hussey Vivian, candidate
- More Politics
- Letter to the Editor - Amphitheatre of St. Just
    - Church Rate Abolition Society

Packet Intelligence - On Friday last, H.M. brig "Reindeer: arrived here from America; having sailed from Halifax October 23rd [with the following news]. On the 20th, the Spanish schooner "Fenix" arrived at Halifax, prize to the "Vestal" frigate, taken off Grenada in September last, with 434 slaves. This frigate also captured on the same day the "Nepinha" with 481 slaves, and as each of these vessels had Portugese colours flying at the time of their capture, although no doubt was entertained of the former being Spanish property, they were consequently sent to Sierra Leone for condemnation.

The "Vestal", likewise captured a few days previous to those vessels above-named, the "Impreza" under Spanish colours, with 336 slaves, which has been sent to Havana for condemnation.  This frigate is still actively cruising off  Grenada, and the commander has been obliged to hire some negroes from the Island to replace those of the crew absent in prizes.  The total number of slaves taken and released from captivity by this fortunate ship in the short space of nine days amounts to 1254!  When the "Reindeer" left Halifax, the Canada mail had not arrived there, as it ought to have done, in time for this packet, but it was understood that a very unsatisfactory state of feeling existed between the governor and the dissatisfied members of the Legislative Assembly.


Editorial - For some time past, we have been in possession of the principal facts of the extraordinary proceedings which have taken place between the Bishop of Exeter and the Rev. William Malkin, Perpetual Curate of St. Ives; but as the whole of the case had not reached us in a form at all satisfactory, we did not consider ourselves justified in giving publicity to mere rumours, especially of a character so truly astounding. ... We, however, hail it as one of those events which will considerably expedite the important work of real and efficient Church reform, and establish such a state of things as will prevent the dismissal of an incumbent, contrary to the wishes of his parishioners, on such ridiculous and unchristian pretences as have been set up in Mr. Malkin's case. [One half of the entire last page was devoted to this issue.  The Bishop of Exeter forced the Rev. Malkin to resign for allowing an unspecified member of his family to enter a Wesleyan Methodist Chapel, perhaps during a service.  The Rev. Malkin protested vigorously, to no avail. Correspondence from both parties is included.]

There is this notice further on: On Thursday, the 10th instant, the Bishop of this Diocese, licensed the Rev. William James Havart, to the Perpetual curacy of St. Ives, vacant by the resignation of the Rev. William Malkin, on the presentation of the Rev. Uriah Tonkin, vicar of Uny Lelant, the true patron.  On Sunday last, the Rev. gentleman read himself in.

Helston -  Meeting of the City Council [Mr. James produced a copy of an agreement signed in 1743, regarding the government of Helston] .... The Municipal Reform Act has happily rendered it now quite useless.  The original [agreement] is now preserved as a curiosity; but he had a copy of this precious morceau.  He then produced it, but the Mayor who was a member of the late Corporation, with much good humour, object to its being read, and Mr. Plomer, another member of the late Corporation, seemingly in great haste, left the hall, and although Mr. James loudly called out "Come Back! Come back!" he refused to inspect the old garment ...  The document may afford amusement as a piece of curious antiquity, and having been left on the table we give a correct copy of it:

Januy 30th, 1743.  The Solemn Agreemt. Subscribd by ye Mayr and Aldermen of Helston to abide by during yr. joynt lives: We whose names are hereto subscribed being the present Mayor, Justice and Aldermen of the Burrough of Helston, in the County of Cornwall, doe hereby mutually and reciprocally promise and agree with each other to act and do as hereafter specified (viz) That whenever it shall happen that any or either of us shall cease to be an Alderman of the said Borrough after his Justisship expires (according to the custom of the said Borrough) that then and so often we will reelect such person into the Office of Alderman again.  That the body of the Government of the said Burrough may thereby be complete again.  And we do hereby truly and sincerely promise in the presence of Almighty God to hold and keep this agreement Solemn during our joint and several lives.  As witness our hands this thirtieth day of January, 1743" - J. PENROSE Mayor, CHA. PENNECK Justice, HENRY TREMENHEERE, G. JOHNS

The late Corporation, it would seem, have greatly admired the spirit of this agreement, having been for many years a snug family party, and up to the day of their political annihilation were all related, from the Recorder down to the perpetual Foreman of the Grand Jury.

The other business of the day was conducted with perfect harmony.  With one thing we were well pleased - Mr. Julian moved, and Mr. Edwards seconded, that in future all the Meetings of the Council should be open to the public, which was agreed to.  Thus ended the interesting proceedings of the Meeting.

Fire at Clowance Park - The following is a more particular account of this disastrous event than the shortness of the time allowed us to lay before our readers last week. About half-past five o'clock in the morning of Thursday the 10th inst, an alarming, and, in the event, destructive fire, broke out in the mansion of Clowance, the seat of Sir John St. Aubyn, Bart. It was first discovered by a female servant, who on awaking found her room full of smoke, and on looking out of the window perceived fire issuing from the one below.  She instantly alarmed Mr. Symons, the house-steward; but such was the rapidity of the progress of the flames, that all attempts to extinguish them were in vain.  It was even found impossible to enter the servant's room for the purpose of saving their clothes; and an old man servant, who slept in the adjoining room, was compelled to escape by jumping from the window, almost in a state of nudity.  From the hour at which the fire broke out, a great number of mechanics and miners were going to their work, and the flames soon attracted a large concourse of persons to the spot.  The entire destruction of the building appearing to be inevitable, no time was lost in removing the furniture, valuable pictures and books from the house, and nothing could exceed the praiseworthy exertions of the assembled multitude.  A large party of men were on the roof and with immense labour, and at the imminent risk of their lives, succeeded in effecting a division between the burning wings, and the principal front of the house, by which means the progress of the flames in that direction was in a great measure stayed.  On the intelligence of the fire reaching Helston, two powerful engines, the Norwich Union and the Borough Engine, were instantly dispatched with post-horses, and a strong party of firemen, and being brought into play with an abundant supply of water, the fire was happily prevented from extending beyond the back wings, the whole of which are entirely destroyed.  Twenty special constables were sworn in, who, together with a detachment of the Duke of Cornwall's yeomanry, under the command of Cornet Plomer, were on guard during the night, before which time the furniture, pictures, title-deeds, books, and other property, had been deposited in the riding-house, and other places of safety.  The windows and doors have been replaced in the front of the house, and workmen are busily employed in putting it into a fit state for the reception of the property, which it is hoped will be accomplished in a week or ten days.

We regret to learn that the valuable library of the Rev. Wm. Gryllis, which had been temporarily deposited at Clowance, has sustained considerable injury, although by far the greatest portion of it was saved.  His furniture also was almost completely consumed. It has now been ascertained, beyond all doubt, that the fire originated from a beam over the brewery having become ignited  from the flue of the kitchen chimney, which had probably become defective through age. It gives us great pleasure to be enabled to add that Sir John St. Aubyn's health has not suffered from the shock, which it was feared the sad intelligence might occasion; and that he has expressed, through Mr. Glynn Grylls, his steward, the great consolation he felt that the melancholy event had not been attended by the loss of life, and his warmest thanks to his friends and neighbours for their great exertions in saving the family mansion from utter destruction.

[Following is a letter issued by the Rev. W. Grylls, thanking his "Kind and Faithful Friends", for "at the peril of your lives, you have just rescued from destruction the larger portion of my library, already enveloped with flame when first you approached it...for the warm expressions of your regard....for the truly affectionate manner  in which you sympathise  in my loss. For all this... I thank you; it has endered a day of calamity one of the most gratifying of my life; it has made my loss feel light...."

New Sheriffs - The nomination of Sheriffs for the ensuing year took place on Saturday last, in the Court of Exchequer, before the Lords of his Majesty's most Honourable Privy Council.  The following are the gentlemen nominated for  - Cornwall:  John Basset, of Tehidy, Esq., Thomas James Agar Robartes, of Lanhydock, Esq., and William Henry Pole Carew, of East Antony, Esq.

Devonshire:: William Roope, Ilfert, of Bouringsleigh, Esq. Augustus Saltun Willett, of Tapley, Esq., and Sir Anthony Buller of Pound, Knight

Dorsetshire:  James Channess Pyler, of Heffende[er] Lodge, Esq., Richard Brinsley Sheridan of Frampton, Esq., and Wyndham Gardden, of Over Compton, Esq.

Somersetshire:  Alexander Adair, of Heatherton Park, Esq., Robert Phippen of Badgworth, Esq., and Thomas Henry Ernest, of Westcome, Esq.

Obnoxious Custom - A curious custom prevails at St. Austell, which perhaps is almost peculiar to that town. In the event of a marriage being celebrated at the parish church, a large crowd chiefly composed of the working classes, assemble, sometimes even in such numbers as almost to fill the street in the line where the procession passes, whilst the more respectable part of the inhabitants occupy the nearest shops.  The object of this is, perhaps, to show the respect in which the parties are  held by their fellow inhabitants; but it is certainly somewhat odd to show respect by a vacant stare, or a horse laugh, or some remark not at all suited to the occasion.  We cannot tell where the custom originated, or when, but we think it the remains of by-gone barbarism, more honoured in the breach than in the observance. (from a correspondent)

Gigantic Cabbage - Last week, a flat pole cabbage was drawn at Mr. George Laity's, Trerose, Mawnan, which weighed 39 lbs, some ounces; and there are several approaching to nearly the same weight.

Coroner's Inquest - On Wednesday last, an inquest was held at the Account-house of the United Mines, in the parish of Gwennap, before Hosken James, Esq. on the body of a miner, named Joseph Francis, about 23 years of age.  The deceased worked as a tutwork-man at the United mines, and was engaged with other men in driving the 140 fathom level, west of Hocking's engine shaft.  About 16 years ago, the mine had been worked by a former set of adventurers, who had driven the 130 fathom level above, and taken ore from the botton of it; and in driving in that direction at the 140, the miners were instructed to be cautious, as they would, in all probability, cut into the water which might be accumulated in the level above them.  On Wednesday morning between four and five o'clock, the miners perceived water oozing from the ceiling of the level, and suspecting that the body of water was over them and about to break away, they all hastened to the surface for safety.  After remaining about half an hour, and finding the water had not passed off as they expected, they returned below, and bored a hole in the ceiling.  It unexpectedly gave way, and the level was instantly filled with water.  The other miners made a precipitate and safe retreat up a ladder, through a winze just by; but deceased in endeavouring to effect his escape through a safety door was caught between the edge of the door and the post, where, as the water subsided, he was found quite dead in an upright position. Verdict, Accidental death.

Juvenile Thief - At the magistrates' meeting on Tuesday last, at Selley's Hotel, Falmouth, James Parnell, a boy twelve years of age, was committed by the Rev. Archdeacon Sheepshanks, to Bodmin gaol, on a charge of felony preferred against him by Mr. T. B. Jordan of Falmouth. The felony consisted in having stolen several pieces of brass, part of which had been sold to a shopkeeper called Polglase. The boy made a confession of his roguery on being charged with it.

Agricultural Report - Nov. 10 - The wheat harvest was nearly all secured during fine weather... Barley, ...especially in the north, was extremely short in straw, in many places a bare moiety; whilst in the interior and more favoured southern parts, there will be found a fair quantity.  Swedes [a variety of turnip] may be called good  on the whole, although the wire-worm and grub, in some patches, did a vast deal of injury.  Other sorts of turnips are very deficient, having been visited by myriads of black caterpillars, which swept off whole fields in an incredibily short time.  Last year they disappeared after one day, but this year they withstood torrents, and were far more general over the county.  Hay, from the cold, ungenial Spring, was not more than half a share. Cattle ... have been gradually declining of late, no doubt in part from the scarcity of winter's feed.  Potatoes turn out well... Apples may be considered a fair crop, although much of the late table fruit was injured, by being blown down by the first violent gale.....

The labourers of this county have always been comparatively speaking better supplied with work in winter, than the generality of the eastern districts; now there is an absolute scarcity of good ones, especially amongst the servants of both sexes, from their having left us for our more prosperous neighbours the miners.

Notice of Abandonment - Whereas my Wife, Emma Pascoe, did on the 26th of October, absent herself from my house, during my professional engagements abroad, and at the same time abstracting from my establishment, the whole of my plate, comprising gold rings, silver table, tea and salt spoons, &c, with the greatest part of my household furniture, and a portion of my personal wardrobe.  I hereby give notice, that I will not be answerable for any debt or debts she may contract in my name, either for herself or the children, as the latter were decoyed from their home under pretence of attending their usual place or worship, on Sunday se'nnight, by an old vagabond hired for that purpose, and contrary to the wishes of the children.  The aforesaid are supposed to be concealed in obscure lodgings in some part of the Borough of Truro. W. H. Pascoe, Chacewater Cottage - 18 November, 1836

25 November


- Eastern and Western Division politics
- Irish question
- St. Just Ampitheatre (letter)
- East Cornwall Election (from the Globe)
- Plans and Sections of Mines - an explanation for the layman by John Budge, of Callington
- Death of Charles X, ex-King of France announced

Naples - Letters have been received of the 5th inst.  The Cholera was raging with vigour in the city.  The official bulletins estimated the deaths at from 140 to 160 daily, since the beginning of the month; but common reports, greatly exaggerated, made them amount to 500.   These reports had obtained, however, some currency, because the official returns were not regularly published.  The weather was deplorable.  Vesuvius was covered with snow.  The cholera attacks all classes indiscriminately, and almost every death of a merchant is followed by an announcement of a failure.  It is not difficult, therefore, to judge of the embarrassment of mercantile affairs here. The most alarming reports are in circulation.  This, notwithstanding all denials, poisonings are still spoken of.

France - The Cabinet of Vienna has made a communication to soften as far as possible the effects of the marriage of the Archduchess Theresa.   The Court of Wurtemburg has shown an equal eagerness, and has seized the occasion of the Strasburg affair to declare that, however attached the King of Wurtenburg may be to the family of Jerome Buonaparte, he would dismiss from Wurtenburg any member found to be compromised in a conspiracy against the present dynasty of France.  The anger of the Tuileries is thus solely concentrated against the King of Naples, who has shown himself to be what is generally applied to the contrary of gentleman.

Since the revolt at Strasburg, all persons thought to entertain opinions favourable to the family of Napoleon have been strictly watched by the police.  According to report, the eldest of the Bonapartes is now in the capital. Queen Hortense left Parish yesterday for her residence in Switzerland; not only was she not provided with a passport, but her name was not allowed to be inserted in that of Mme. Salvage as her femme de chamber.  It is also stated that this illustrious individual will not remain long in the Swiss territory, where she would be subject to a vexatious surveillance; but that she intends seeking an asylum in England, or to rejoin her son in America.

Prince Louis Napoleon reached l'Orient on the night of the 14th, and was conducted to the citadel.  He embarked on board the "Andromeda" which sails on the 16th for America.

The remains of Charles X are to be interred at Naples.  The Court of Vienna have gone into mourning for the ex-King.


Shipwreck - On Wednesday morning last, the smack "Britannia" of Jersey, Messervey, master, laden with apples for Milford, together with a schooner (name and Captain yet unknown) on entering Padstow harbour in a gale from NW got on the Dunbar sand.  The vessels coming in contact, the Captain of the smack jumped onboard the schooner, and together with the whole of the schooner's crew was drowned; but the three men belonging to the smack were saved.  It is expected both vessels will go to pieces.

Bude Haven, North Cornwall - During the severe gale of the 26th October last, the schooner "Progress" of Beaumarais, Anglesea, was driven on shore at the mouth of this Port; in consequence of the heavy seas which continued to beat over her, no assistance could be rendered to the crew, who had fled, as a forlorn hope, to the rigging.  Here during a space of six hours they remained in view of hundreds of sympathizing spectators from the breakwater and other parts of the shore.  Happily the vessel, being tightly built, held together, and about 10 o'clock at night, the Pilots of Bude were enabled to get alongside, and succeeded in rescuing three men and a boy from their perilous situation.  The most humane exertions were made on their landing by T.D.  Hawken, Esq. Surgeon, of Stratton, by the Merchants and others of Bude, and by Mr. and Mrs. Crotch, of the Falcon Hotel, where they were immediately conveyed, to alleviate their sufferings and to restore their exhausted energies.  In about an hour, warm beds received them, and by the following morning they were in possession of their wonted vigour.  On the following  Saturday, another schooner was seen in the day evidently in great distress; she continued labouring for nearly an hour amidst heavy seas which precluded the possibility of aid, and then went down.  Three men were seen at her stern just before she sank, who found a grave from whence there is no resurrection until the last trump shall bid the greedy sea restore her myriad dead.  In consequence of the above calamitous events, a meeting was held at the Falcon Hotel, G. B. Kingdon, Esq. in the chair, for the purpose of taking into consideration the expediency of having a Life Boat at Bude.  Liberal subscriptions are being entered into, among the list of which are the names of Sir T. D. Acland, Bart, for £10, who also forwarded £2 for the relief of the men saved from the "Progress", and the Rt. Hon. the Earl of Caernarvon £5.

Insolvent Debtor's Court, Guildhall, Bristol - November 22nd, 1836 - John Bottrall, sued as John Toll, the younger, late of Crowlas, in the parish of Ludgvan, in the county of Cornwall, Innkeeper, appeared on his petition to be discharged from custody.  The insolvent was opposed by Mr. Payne, barrister-at-law, on behalf of Messrs. Tilly and Co. of Falmouth, spirit merchants, and by Mr. R. E. Tippett, Solicitor, of Marazion, on behalf of Messrs. Coates & Co., Plymouth, Messrs. Bastard & Co., Exeter, Messrs. Salter and Lander, and Mr. H. Conn, of Truro, Messrs. Stephens & Co., Mr. Higgs, and other creditors of Penzance.  The insolvent contracted several debts whilst residing in Ludgvan, but had quitted that parish rather abruptly, came to Bristol, and assumed the surname of Bottrall.  The Court was of the opinion that the insolvent had used the name "Bottrall" for an improper purpose, and the petition was immediately ordered to be dismissed.

Pilchard fishery - There has been no appearance of fish at Newquay, during the past week; and consequently, all the seans are got into their winter's quarters, with the exception of the Toby, which is still afloat.  We think it just to remark that the cordage of the Active sean, which rode out the gale of the 3rd, 4th, and 6th instants, was manufactured by Messrs. Hichens, of Illogan, and the twine by Mr. Rendall, of Bridport.  Their resistance to the gale proved they were made of the very best materials.

Coroner's Inquests - Yesterday week, an inquest was held before Hosken James, Esq. at the Consolidated Mines Account House, in the parish of Gwennap, on the body of William Clemow, a miner about 31 years of age.  The deceased worked at a tributer in the United Mines; and on the above morning about eleven o'clock, as he and a boy were working at the back of the 112 fathom level, at Carlaze's engine shaft, a rock of about half a ton weight unexpectedly gave way, and falling upon him, killed him on the spot.  The unfortunate man left a wife and six children.  Verdict - Accidental death.

On Saturday last, another inquest was held at Penzance before E. H. Rodd, Esq. on the body of a shipwright, named Michael Mitchel, whose death took place under the following circumstances:  Deceased was employed by the master of the Trinity Buoy yacht, to go down in 7 fathoms of water to pick up the wreck of the longships lighthouse boat, which had sunk in Gwavas Lake a fortnight before, for the purpose of descending. Recourse was had to a diving apparatus belonging to Mr. Edward Harvey and others of Penzance, and which had been frequently used for similar work by Mr. Harvey and Mitchel, who had both gone down in much deeper water, both here and at Scilly.  The deceased had been down on Monday and Tuesday in search of the boat, and had remained under water 13 1/2 and 22 minutes each time, without inconvenience.  The weather prevented any further proceedings until Saturday, when he again descended.  After a submersion of 40 minutes, making signals up to within the last four minutes at intervals, he was drawn up a corpse.  From the testimony of Mr. Pearce, Lloyd's agent, who was present, no blame was attributable to any of the poor fellow's employers; and from the evidence of Mr. Jenkin, surgeon, it was clear that his death was occasioned by a fit of apoplexy.  The poor fellow must have been struck so suddenly as to preclude the possibility of his even raising his hand to the string which attached the sinking weights to his person, and was only secured by a half hitch.  He had also an open knife in a loose pocket, of which he had not attempted to avail himself.  When taken up, his head, throat, and the upper part of his body were quite dry, and the supply of air uninterrupted.  Verdict - Died of apoplexy.

Daring Robbery - On Saturday last, between the hours of nine and eleven in the morning, some person broke into Astley cottage, in the parish of Gwinear, the residence of Mr. John Simons, and stole eleven sovereigns eight shillings in silver, and some pence.  The thief entered the house through the parlour window, by taking out a pane of glass, and by that means removing the fastening; and then taking the kitchen poker, went up stairs to a bedroom, and breaking the drawer, took out the contents.  There were two gold rings and a silver watch, which the thief placed on top of the drawers, but left behind him.  A watch hanging at the kitchen chimney piece was not touched.  Undoubtedly he was afraid these things could lead to his detection, and consequently, it is thought he is no stranger. He, however, remains undiscovered, and no marks have been left by which he can be traced, as his shoes were taken off before he entered.

Accident - On Friday last, a vessel called the "Favorite" of Falmouth, which was launched a few weeks since, was blown over on her beam ends, while at anchor in the harbour.  The accident was owing to there being no ballast in the hold, and a sudden squall taking her while laying across the wind.  On the afternoon of the same day, as a number of seamen were trying to right her, some of the gear gave way, and we are sorry to say broke the thigh of a poor man called Griffiths, and otherwise injured him.  The poor man has a large family and a sick wife; but the owners of the "Favorite" have kindly offered him seven shillings per week, and we hear a subscription is set on foot for him, which we hope will be successful.

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